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JANUARY, 1888. 


By John Ward Dea.n, A.M. 

CHAELES WESLEY TUTTLE was born in Newfield, Maine, 
November 1, 1829. His father, Mr. Moses Tuttle, was a 
descendant in the sixth generation from John Tuttle, who settled at 
Dover, N. H., previous to 1640. His mother, Mary, daughter of 
Lieut. Joseph Merrow, was' the fifth in descent from Dr. Samuel 
Merrow, or Merry, of Dover, who settled there as early as 1720. 
The subject of this memoir numbered among his ancestors many 
of the early settlers of New Hampshire, and was allied by blood to 
some of the most distinguished personages in the history of that 

His boyhood was passed with his parents at Newfield, and the ru- 
diments of his education were obtained in the schools there. From 
an early age he was an ardent admirer of the works of nature, and 
having a keen eye and an observing spirit, he soon became familiar 
with every flower, tree, bird and animal in his neighborhood. He 
delighted in studying their peculiarities and habits. But his chief 
attraction was found in the sky above him. Night after night he 
watched with wonder and awe the myriad stars in the heavens, stu- 
dying their motions when he had no help except that furnished him 
by a common almanac. 

In the autumn of 1845 his mother died. He was then nearly 
sixteen years old, and was placed in the family of Mr. John W. 
Tuttle, of Dover. Mr. Tuttle was a cousin, and his wife was a 
sister, of Moses Tuttle. Here, in the schools of that city, he con- 
tinued his studies. An intimate friend of later years, the Rev. 
Alonzo H. Quint, D.D., who had charge temporarily of a school 
which he attended, has described him to me as a bright and studi- 
ous scholar, and very quick of apprehension. When the time ar- 

* For Mr. Tuttle's paternal and maternal ancestry, see the " New England Historical 
and Genealogical Register," volume 21, pages 132-40; and the Hon. John Wentworth's 
' ' Wentworth Genealogy," vol. 2, page 284. 


10 Charles Wesley Tattle, [Jan. 

rived for him to select an occupation for life he chose that of a print- 
er, and pleaded hard that he might be apprenticed to it ; but his 
uncle would not comply with his wishes, preferring to keep him with 
him and teach him his own trade, that of a carpenter. As an ap- 
prentice he was industrious and skilful, faithfully discharging all 
his duties. The time not required for work, however, was devoted 
to study, and this was often protracted to the hour of midnight. 
His passion for astronomy and mathematics continued, and books 
that taught him these subjects had a preference, though his reading 
made him familiar with belles-lettres, history and general literature. 
He would sit with the household about him, with callers coming 
and going, and would know nothing of what transpired, so intent 
was he on the book before him. The neighbors made inquiries, 
too, as to who was at the Tuttles', for there was a light from one 
window all night long. His aunt, a sister of his father, sympa- 
thized with the lad, and to her he confided his plans of life. He 
said to her, " I mean to do something worth living for." This, it 
has been well said, was "the key-note of his single-minded and 
faithful spirit." His fondness for astronomy has been mentioned. 
" The sublime phenomena of the starry heavens made a deep im- 
pression on his youthful mind long before he could understand the 
science. The impressive phenomenon of an eclipse of the sun in 
1836," when he was six years old, " forever fixed his interest in 
astronomy. The great comet of 1843, so grand and mysterious, 
also made a deep and lasting impression on him. While still a boy, 
he constructed with his own hands the first telescope he ever saw, 
and was delighted to see in it all the wonderful celestial phenomena 
discovered by Galileo."* This telescope is still preserved, and those 
who have seen it are surprised that so perfect a piece of mechanism 
should have been constructed, considering the disadvantages under 
which he labored. The telescope is now the property of Mr. James 
G. Shute, of Jamaica Plain, Mass., who was an apprentice to the 
carpenter's trade in the same shop that Charles's uncle occupied 
when the telescope was constructed. Mr. Shute informs me that 
Charles could not wait to make a tripod on which to mount it before 
he tried it, but the two friends fastened it to a stake in a fence 
against a snow-drift, and took a look through it at the stars. It 
was on a very cold night, and Mr. Shute thinks it was in Decem- 
ber. As neither of them had looked through a telescope before, 
they were both of course very much excited, but Mr. Shute does 
not remember which looked through the telescope first. The friends 
had similar tastes, and Mr. Shute, who had a small library, loaned 
a number of books to his friend, among them Shakspeare's works 
and a set of the writings of Thomas Dick, LL.D., whose books on 
astronomy were then very popular. It was the Practical Astronomy 

* Unpublished memoir of Mr. Tuttle, author unknown. 

1888.] Charles Wesley Tattle. 11 

of Dr. Dick that suggested to the youth the construction of a tele- 
scope, and furnished directions for making it. 

At one time Charles heard that Dr. Dick was coming to this 
country, and inquired about it of Dr. Robert Thompson, of Dover, 
who had a taste for astronomical studies. Dr. Thompson was a 
native of Scotland and a graduate of the Royal College of Surgeons, 
and had recently settled at Dover. The conversation which followed, 
and the thirst for knowledge shown by the boy, caused the doctor, who 
had a large library, to say, " Charles, my library is always free to 
you." It is needless to say that the offer was gladly accepted. 
Young Tuttle found here many books on scientific as well as other 
subjects, the contents of which he eagerly devoured. Another place 
where he found food for his mind, was the book-store of Dea. Ed- 
mund J. Lane, who was often surprised by his inquiries for books 
that the veteran bookseller had never seen, and sometimes had never 
heard of. 

He had heard and read much of the Observatory at Cambridge, 
and had an ardent desire to visit it. Availing himself of a holiday 
he repaired to Cambridge. Without any introduction he presented 
himself at the Observatory and asked permission of Prof. William 
Cranch Bond, the chief astronomer, to examine the telescope. He 
was at first refused, but a remark which he made, as he was going 
away, struck Prof. Bond with surprise, and he granted him permis- 
sion. This was the first telescope, except the small one he had 
himself constructed, that he had ever seen. 

In 1849, his father, who had the previous year married again, 
removed to Cambridge, Mass., and Charles went with him. It is 
said that Charles had some influence with his step-mother and his 
father in selecting Cambridge as their residence. In July, 1850, 
three years after the Observatory of Harvard College had been es- 
tablished, he entered it as a student and spent a few months in 
studying practical astronomy and the use of astronomical instru- 
ments. The acquaintance with astronomy which he showed, an 
acquaintance which he had derived only from the study of books 
and from sweeping the heavens nightly with his small telescope, sur- 
prised Prof. Bond. 

Mr. Tuttle made such rapid progress in his astronomical studies, 
that in the following October he was elected by the College Corpo- 
ration as Second Assistant Observer, and this election was unani- 
mously confirmed by the Overseers, February 7, 1851. He now 
had an annual salary, and entered with zeal upon his chosen profes- 
sion, which he ardently hoped and had good reason to believe would 
be his life's labor. His pursuit of astronomy, and particularly of 
practical astronomy, was rewarded with gratifying success. 

Less than six months after he entered the Observatory as a stu- 
dent, and the month after his appointment as an observer, he was 
able to make an important addition to scientific knowledge. A 

12 Charles Wesley Tuttle. [Jan. 

series of observations on the planet Saturn and its rings had, since 
1847, been made at the Observatory.* In one of these observa- 
tions Prof. Bond discovered new and interesting phenomena in con- 
nection with the rings of Saturn. On the 15th of November, 1850, 
Mr. Turtle's observations led him to furnish a satisfactory sci- 
entific explanation of these phenomena by showing the existence of 
a new interior ring, now known as the Dusky Ring of Saturn. Mr. 
Tuttle's record of his observations on that night is as follows : 

Saturn looks remarkably distinct, its belts are easily seen, and the divi- 
sion of the ring is quite conspicuous. I notice that dark penumbral light, 
on the inside of the interior ring at its greatest apparent elongation from 
the hall, which I have seen several times before on good nights. It resem- 
bles very much the unilluminated part of the disc of the moon just before 
and after conjunction with the sun. It is similar on either side of the 
planet. Its estimated width is about the same as that of the outer ring, or 
a little less. The greatest width of this dark ring is at a point on each 
side of the planet in a line with the axis major of the other rings. From 
this point it diminishes as it passes behind and in front of the planet, where 
it appears as a dark line on the disc Close to the inner edge of the inte- 
rior ring, the inside of this dark ring is very sharply defined, but I cannot 
see that it is detached from it. A dark band of considerable width, the 
shadow of the ring on the disc of the planet, is seen below. With a power 
of 401. the view is more satisfactory.! 

Prof. William C. Bond appends the following note to the record 
as printed : 

On the evening of the 15th the idea was first suggested by Mr. Tuttle 
of explaining the penumbral light bordering the interior edge of the bright 
ring outside of the ball, as well as the dusky line crossing the disc on the 
side of the ring opposite to that where its shadow was projected on the 
ball, by referring both phenomena to the existence of an interior dusky 
ring, now first recognized as forming part of the system of Saturn. 
This explanation needed only to be proposed to insure its immediate ac- 
ceptance as the true and only satisfactory solution of the singular appear- 
ances which the view of Saturn had presented during the past season, and 
which we had previously been unable to account for.J 

In 1852 Mr. Tuttle, being worn out with long and uninterrupted 
application to his duties at the Harvard College Observatory, was 
advised to go into New Hampshire and there rest. :t Upon this," 
he writes, "I resolved to visit the White Mountains and satisfy a 
youthful longing and ambition. Taking a few scientific instruments 
for my amusement while absent, I set out for Dover, where I re- 
mained several weeks. While there I made an excursion to the 
Isles of Shoals, and staid a few days at the Appledore House. § On 

* These observations were begun in the summer of 1847, and ended in the spring of 18-57. 
An account of them is printed in the Annals of the Astronomical Observatory of Harvard 
College, vol. ii. part i., 1857, pp. 1-13G. 

t Annals of the Astronomical Observatory, vol. ii. p. 48. 

I Ibid. 

$ Letters from him, dated July 7, 1852, from Appledore House, Isles of Shoals, and July 
16, 1852, from Gibbs's Hotel, White Mountains, were printed in the Dover Gazette. 

1888.] Charles Wesley Tuttle. 13 

my return to Dover I was so far recovered as to undertake my jour- 
ney to the Mountains."* He left Dover July 13, and in two days 
reached Gibbs's hotel, and on the next morning, July 15th, on horse- 
back, began the ascent of Mt. Washington, reaching the summit at 
at half past twelve, after a ride from the hotel of three hours and 
forty minutes. His ** chief purpose, a long cherished one, was to 
compare the lustre of the stars and planets, seen from that great 
height, with their lustre at the sea-level, and also to witness the sub- 
lime phenomena of a sunset and sunrise. "f 

He found at the summit men en^a^ed in building the first house 
erected on the top of that mountain. "It was a structure," he 
says, " whose walls were of rough stone, — quarried on the site as I 
was informed, — one story high and of considerable length, with a 
wooden roof kept down to the walls by strong cables of rope thrown 
over the ridge and fastened to rocks. Workmen were just finishing 
the southern gable, while others were employed inside." A straggling 
party of tourists followed him, but they returned about two o'clock 
in the afternoon. Mr. Tuttle asked permission to pass the night 
in the building, but was told that it was not ready. On explaining 
the object of his visit he was told that he could stay if he would put 
up with their fare. Before sunset the summit of the mountain be- 
came enveloped in a thick cloud, shutting out the view of the hea- 
vens and the landscape on all sides. "A night-cap had been set," 
he writes, "on the head of Mt. Washington, and there remained 
till break of day, when it was silently and quietly withdrawn, to 
give me, what I much longed for, a sunrise, the most magnificent 
spectacle that I ever expect to witness. My disappointment in not see- 
ing the stars and planets was much lessened on seeing the sun rise 
over so vast a region of territory. I did not cease to deplore my 
failure to see the midnight heavens. The workmen expressed their 
sympathy for me, but seemed to agree that I ought to be satisfied 
with having seen a sunrise, and with being the first traveller to sleep 
in a house on Mount Washington. "J 

In the following autumn he took a voyage to Philadelphia, leav- 
ing Boston on the 25th of September and arriving at Philadelphia 
on the morning of the 27th. A diary of this voyage is preserved 
among Mr. Tuttle's papers. He visited various places of interest 
in that historic city, and wrote two descriptive letters to the editor of 
the Dover Gazette, who printed them in his newspaper. § 

* Letter of Mr. Tuttle in The State Press, Dover, Oct. 24, 1879. 

t Letter from C. W. T., in Burt's Among the Clouds, printed on the summit of Mount 
Washington, July 14, 1882. This letter was .suggested by an article in the Granite Monthly 
for August, 1880, copied from a late number of Amony the Clouds. It was not printed till a year 
after Mr. Tuttle's death, but changes were made in it that it might appear to have been 
written the month that it was published, thus producing an anachronism which may puz- 
zle some readers of the letter. 

+ Ibid. 

$ These letters bear date Sept. 29 and Oct. 1, 1852. 

VOL. XLII. 2* 

14 Charles Wesley Tuttle. [Jan. 

On the evening of Thursday, March 8, 1853, about nine o'clock 
in the evening, Mr. Tuttle discovered a telescopic comet in the con- 
stellation Eriadanus, about five degrees south preceding the bright 
star Rigel, and computed the elements of its orbit and an ephemeris 
of its course. This comet revolves round the sun in not less than 
sixteen hundred years. In a newspaper article by Mr. Tuttle, pub- 
lished in 1858, relating to fourteen comets which had then been dis- 
covered at the Harvard College Observatory, — nine by Mr. George 
P. Bond, one by himself, and four by his brother Mr. Horace P. 
Tuttle, — the difficulties attending the discovery of telescopic comets 
are thus described : 

Few persons are aware of the patience and labor exercised by the astron- 
omer in making discoveries of this kind. It requires several years study 
and practice to qualify one to discover a telescopic comet. It is undoubt- 
edly very easy to look at a comet, already visible to the naked eye in the 
heavens; but when it is required to discover an unknown one, wandering 
in its " long travel of a thousand years " in the profound abyss of space, 
the labor then becomes truly prodigious. The amount of physical suffer- 
ing, occasioned by exposure to all kinds of temperature, the bending and 
twisting of the body, when examining near the zenith, and the constant 
strain of the eye, cannot be fully understood and appreciated by one unac- 
quainted with an astronomer's life. 

The astronomer with his telescope begins at the going down of the 
sun and examines, in zones, with the utmost care and vigilance, the starry 
vault, and continues till the " circling hours " bring the sun to the eastern 
horizon, when star and comet fade from his view. It requires several 
nights to complete a thorough survey of the heavens ; and often these 
nights do not follow in succession, being interrupted by the full moon, by 
cloud and auroras, and by various other meteorological phenomena. He is 
frequently vexed by passing clouds, fleeting through the midnight sky, and 
strong and chilly breezes of the night. His labors are continued through- 
out the year ; and his unwearied exertions do not slacken during the long 
wintry nights, when the frozen particles of snow and ice, driven before the 
northern blast, cause the stars to sparkle with unusual lustre, and his breath 
to congeal on the eyepiece of his telescope. It frequently happens that his 
labors are not crowned with a discovery until after several years search. 

It was with great satisfaction that Mr. Tuttle was able to an- 
nounce to the scientific world, so early in his astronomical career, 
the discovery of a telescopic comet. It was afterwards learned that 
the comet "had been seen two days earlier at Rome by Professor 
Secchi,"* but this discovery of course was unknown in this country. 

It was not long before Mr. Tuttle became known among astrono- 
mers as a skilful observer and expert calculator. The archives of 
the observatory show how diligently and extensively he explored the 
heavens while his health permitted him. He and Prof. George P. 
Bond jointly made the observations of the fixed stars which form the 
first series of Zone Observations printed in the Annals of the 
Observatory, f 

* Annals of the Astronomical Observatory, vol. i. p. clxxii. 
f Annals, vol. i. part ii. 

1888.] Charles Wesley Tuttle. 15 

On Friday, the 26th of May, 1854, there was an annular solar 
eclipse of the sun ; and preparations were made by Prof. Bond to 
have it observed in New Hampshire from the top of Mount Wash- 
ington, and in its vicinity, points near the northern limit of the annu- 
lar phase of the eclipse. In accordance with previous arrangements 
with Dr. Alexander Dallas Bache, the superintendent of the United 
States Coast Survey, three of Prof. Bond's assistants, Mr. George 
P. Bond, Mr. Tuttle and Mr. Richard F. Bond, were furnished 
with telescopes and time-keepers for this duty.* On the 17th of May 
they left Cambridge for the White Mountains. A diary of this ex- 
pedition by Mr. Tuttle is preserved among his papers. After ar- 
riving at the White Mountains Mr. Richard F. Bond proceeded to 
the Station House to take observations there, and Mr. George P. 
Bond and Mr. Tuttle, attended by guides, started for the summit 
of Mount Washington, which they reached amid a drenching storm 
of rain and hail on the afternoon of Thursday the 25th. "The 
storm raged fearfully and the wind rushed around the summit with 
great velocity. "f The rain continued on Friday, and as there was 
no appearance of its abating, at a quarter before 3 P.M. the party 
returned. After reaching the Glen House, there being indications 
that the clouds would clear away, the telescopes were adjusted for 
observations, but they were again doomed to disappointment. 

The same month, May, 1854, Mr. Tuttle reluctantly resigned his 
position at the Observatory. J ;t Too constant application to astro- 
nomical work brought on a serious difficulty with his eyesight, oc- 
casioned in part by the action of the intense light of celestial objects 
seen through the great refractor, and by reading the divisions on 
finely graduated instruments at night. A system of treatment failed 
to relieve them, and he was obliged to suspend observing altogether. 
After some delay, finding no relief for his eyes, he reluctantly resign- 
ed the position of Assistant Observer, a position which had been 
the aim of his life to attain. "§ Prof. Bond, in his annual report in 
1854, thus refers to this event : 

* Annals of the Astronomical Observatory, vol. i. part i. p. clxxviii. 

t Mr. Tuttle's Diary. 

X From an anonymous article published in the Evening Courier, Boston, June 7, 186-5, 
I make these extracts : 

"The personel of the Observatory has never been large; and, in the order of events, 
those who first turned those magnificent instruments to the heavens are now no more. 
The lamented William Cranch Bond superintended the construction of the Observatory, 
and was its first Director. His son, the late George Phillips Bond, was appointed first 
assistant observer, and on the death of his father in 1859, became Director. Charles Wesley 
Tuttle was appointed an assistant observer in 1850, but his eyes proving unequal to the 
severe demands of astronomy, compelled him to resign after a few years service. Tru- 
man Henry Safford, the eminent mathematician, who has won independent titles to 
distinction by important researches in theoretical astronomy, was then appointed assistant 
observer. These four embrace all who have had any official connection with the Oserva- 
tory from its establishment in 1847. 

" There are, however, three well known scientific gentlemen who have been acting assist- 
ants at various times within the last ten years— Major Sidney Coolidge, U.S.A., who 
fell in the great battle of Chickamauga, while gallantly leading his regiment to a 
charge; Horace Parnell Tuttle, now in Europe and attached to the United States Navy ; 
and Prof. Asaph Hall, now of the National Observatory at Washington." 

§ Anonymous memoir before quoted. 

16 Charles Wesley Tuttle. [Jan. 

During the year some changes have taken place in regard to the assist- 
ants at the Observatory. Mr. C. W. Tuttle found himself under the ne- 
cessity of resigning his connection with the Observatory in consequence of 
the failure of his eyesight, a circumstance much to be regretted as he par- 
ticipated faithfully and ardently in our pursuits, and had proved an emi- 
nently capable assistant during the four years of his engagement. A jour- 
ney to the West, affording relaxation from an undue exertion of his eyes, 
has so far arrested the progress of the malady as to enable him partially 
to resume his duties as an assistant, while at the same time he has entered 
himself as a law student at Dane Hall. In July Mr. T. H. Safford, of the 
graduating class of this year, was engaged as an observer and computer. 
More recently Mr. Sidney Coolidge has joined the Observatory.* 

Mr. Tuttle still kept up his interest in astronomy. " He not only 
made occasional telescopic observations, but he computed the para- 
bolic elements of the comet of 1857, of the three that appeared in 
1858, and, in 1860, observed the occultation of Venus: and Iris 
several reports were published in the r Astronomical Journal,' 
printed in Boston and edited by Dr. Benjamin Apthorp Gould. "f 
He lectured on astronomical subjects, and contributed many articles 
to the magazines and newspapers on these subjects. 

On leaving the Observatory he was undecided what profession to 
adopt. After much consideration he chose that of the law. In 
September, 1854, he entered the Harvard Law School, where he 
remained one year attending the lectures, which gave him an oppor- 
tunity to rest his eyes. 

In 1855, while connected with the Law School, he went to Eng- 
land with one of the Chronometric Expeditions of the United States 
Coast Survey for determining the difference of longitude between 
Liverpool, England, and Cambridge, Massachusetts. Of this ex- 
pedition Mr. Tuttle had joint charge with his friend Mr. Sidney 
Coolidge. "In this important undertaking about fifty chronome- 
ters were transported across the Atlantic, a strict surveillance being 
maintained over every circumstance which could affect their per- 
formance. It was a work demanding constant care and a great 
amount of labor and skill in conducting the astronomical observa- 
tions and in the treatment of the valuable collection of instruments 
employed. To the fidelity and scrupulous care in the discharge of 
this responsible service must, in a great measure, be attributed the 
complete success of the enterprise. The results of these expeditions 
form the most important contribution which has yet been made to the 
determination of the zero of longitude for the western continent." 
Messrs. Coolidge and Tuttle left Boston in the steamer Asia at 
noon on Wednesday, August 15, 1855, and arrived at Liverpool 
Saturday, August 26. They returned in the Africa, which left 

* Annals of the Astronomical Observatory, vol. i. part i. p. clxxix. 
t Memoir of Charles W. Tuttle, Ph.D., by the Rev. Edmund F. Slaftcr, A.M., in Pro- 
ceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol. xxi. p. 409. 

1888.] Charles Wesley Tuttle. 17 

Liverpool at noon, Saturday, September 1, and reached her dock 
in Boston Wednesday, the 12th of that month.* 

While in England Mr. Tuttle visited many places of historic in- 
terest with which his reading had made him familiar. j* He kept a 
diary on his voyages to and from England and during his brief stay 
there. His keen powers of observation are shown by his graphic 
entries, which have frequently a touch of humor. 

The sea-voyage and a long period of comparative rest improved 
his eyes, so that on his return from England he was able to enter 
the law office of the Hon. Harvey Jewell, of Boston, and complete 
his law studies. In 1856, at the March term of the Massachusetts 
Superior Court, held at Boston, he was admitted a member of the 
Suffolk bar, and authorized to practise in the courts of this state. 
He began practice that year at 20 Court Street, Boston, but re- 
moved to Newburyport in the spring of 1857, where he continued 
to practise his profession. Two years later he returned to Boston, 
where he practised till his death. His first office was at 46 Wash- 
ington Street, where he remained till November, 1859, when he 
formed a law partnership with Mr. Richard S. SpofFord, Jr., and 
removed to No. 81 in that street. They had also an office at 31 
State Street, Newburyport. In November, 1860, they removed 
from Washington Street, Boston, to 27 Tremont Row, and took an 
office with the Hon. Caleb Gushing. In July, 1864, Mr. Tuttle 

* Prof. William C. Bond, in his report to Dr. Baclie, superintendent of the Coast Sur- 
vey, dated Cambridge, Oct. 3, 1855, gives this account of the several expeditions : 

" On the afternoon of the 5th of June the chronometers were placed on board the steam- 
packet America, under the charge of Messrs. R. F. Bond and P. S. Coolidge. The vessel 
sailed fur Liverpool the next day, and arrived at Liverpool on the 17th of the same month. 
Every facility was afforded by the Liverpool officials for the immediate landing of the chro- 
nometers, and Mr. Hartnup, the director of the Liverpool Observatory, with his wonted 
kindness, provided a situation for them, as well as for the Coast Survey Electric Clock 
and spring governor apparatus, at the Observatory. 

" Messrs. Coolidge and Bond were detained a month in England, under the necessity of 
waiting for a steamer of larger size than the America, and possessing better accommoda- 
tions. On the 20th of July the chronometers were placed on board the Asia and sailed the 
same day, arriving at Boston on the 4th of August. After making the requisite observa- 
tions and comparisons, the chronometers were replaced on board the Asia in charge of 
Messrs. P. S. Coolidge and Charles W. Tuttle on the 14th of August, and landed at the 
Liverpool Observatory on the 26th. Favorable weather intervening for observation, the in- 
struments were put on board the Africa on the 1st of September, and were received at the 
Cambridge Observatory on the 12th. The condition of the atmosphere having been again 
propitious for observing, they were again transferred to the Africa on the afternoon of the 
25th of September, Messrs. P. S. Coolidge and J. F. Flagg being charged with the duty of 
making the requisite observations and comparisons. 

" It having been ascertained that there was sufficient accommodation in the state-room 
of the steamer for nine more chronometers, that number was accordingly added to the 
forty -two embarked in the America, making the whole number fifty-one." — (Report of the 
United States Coast Survey for 1855, pp. 275-6.) The chronometers made their last trip 
across the Atlantic in the Africa, which left Liverpool, Saturday, Oct. 13, and arrived at 
Boston on Thursday the 25th, at 9 o'clock P.M. They therefore made six trips across the 
ocean. "The previous trial of the chronometers, used for this expedition, commenced 
early in January, 1855, and the subsequent trials continued through the following winter." 
— (Report of Coast Survey, 1856, p. 181.) 

t Mr. Tuttle published in the Dover Gazette a series of articles on the historic places he 
visited. One article is entitled, " A Few Hours in Westminster Abbey." The title of ano- 
ther is, " A Visit to the Tower of London;" while four articles are devoted to " A Glimpse 
at Stratford-upon-Avon." The articles show a familiar knowledge of history, acute ob- 
servations and just reflections. 

18 Charles Wesley Tuttle. [Jan. 

removed to 47 Court Street, but subsequently returned to 27 Tre- 
mont Row. In 1860 he was appointed United States Commis- 
sioner, and in 1861 was admitted to practice in the Supreme Court 
of the United States. He held the office of commissioner, and 
continued the practice of the law till his death. 

In 1865 he was elected a member of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, and from that time took an active part in its 
proceedings. He was a member of the board of directors from Jan- 
nary, 18 67, till his death, and was for a time its secretary. He 
was also a member of the publishing committee, served on various 
special committees, and read papers at meetings of the society. In 
1873 he was chosen a member of the Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety. Here he was a member of the Council, acted on special com- 
mittees, read papers at its meetings, and otherwise contributed to 
the work of the society. He was also an honorary member of the 
New Hampshire Historical Society, and a corresponding member of 
the State Historical Societies of Maine and Wisconsin, besides being 
a member of various other associations.* He read papers before the 
New York, New Hampshire, Maine and Newport Historical Socie- 
ties. On the 8th of September, 1859, he was elected a member of 
the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company. 

He frequently lectured before lyceums. In the spring of 1861 
he delivered in Boston a course of public lectures on the Astronomy 
of Comets. On the 19th of April, 1880, the anniversary of the 
battle of Lexington, he delivered an address at the Hawthorne 
Rooms, Boston, on "Hugh Percy, Lieutenant General in the British 
Army." In the following December he delivered the Bi-Centennial 
Address before the New Hampshire Historical Society, commemo- 
rating the establishment, in 1680, of the first civil government over 
that province. 

He was a member of the Prince Society, in which he successively 
held the offices of treasurer and corresponding secretary ; was active 
in procuring its act of incorporation in 1874, and his name appears 
in the act. In 1854, while connected with the Observatory, he re- 
ceived the decree of Master of Arts from Harvard College. Pie is 
said to have been " the youngest person that had ever received an 

* The following is a list of the historical societies of which lie is known to have been a 
member: 1. Essex Institute, Salem, Mass., elected Dee. 9, 1863, corresponding member; 
2. New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Mass., April 5, 1865, resi- 
dent member; 3. State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, March 20, 1868, cor- 
responding member; l. Pemaquid Historical Monument Association, Bristol, Me., April 3, 
1872, honorary; 5. Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston, Feb. 17, 1873, resilient; 6. 
New Hampshire Historical Society, Concord, Jan. 17, 1874, corresponding ; 7. Maine His- 
torical Society, Portland, July 22, 1874, corresponding; 8, Maine Genealogical and Bio- 
graphical Society, Augusta, Feb. 7, 1S7G, Corresponding; 'J.Newport Historical Society, 
Newport, 11. I., Oct. 23, 1877, corresponding ; 10. Antiquarian and Historical Society of 
Old Newbury, Newburyport, Mass., Feb. 20, 1878, corresponding; 11. New Hampshire 
Historical Society, Coneord, July 16, 1880, honorary. 

tie was also a member <>t' the following other corporations : 1. Boston Society of Natural 
History, Boston, Jan. 20, 1850. member; 2. Appalachian Mountain Club, Boston, June 15, 
1870, active member. 

1888.] Charles Wesley Tuttle. 19 

honorary degree from that College." In 1880 Dartmouth College 
conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. 

He contributed articles to Dr. Gould's " Astronomical Journal " 
and to Dr. Brunnow's "Astronomical Notices." Numerous articles 
from his pen appeared in antiquarian and historical periodicals. He 
was a frequent contributor to the "New England Historical and 
Genealogical Register; " to "Notes and Queries" of London, Eng- 
land ; to the New York " Magazine of American History ; " to the 
" Maine Genealogist and Biographer," and to the " Proceedings of 
the Massachusetts Historical Society." He wrote for "Johnson's 
Cyclopedia " valuable articles on historical subjects. He contrib- 
uted also many articles illustrating the history and genealogy of New 
Hampshire, and particularly of Dover, to the series which the Rev. 
Dr. Alonzo H. Quint had commenced in the " Dover Enquirer " 
under the head of "Historical Memoranda."* Some of the more 
important articles by him in the Historical and Genealogical Regis- 
ter, are the following : '* The Tuttle Family in New Hampshire," 
1867; "The Isles of Shoals," 1869; "Col. Nathaniel Meserve," 
a memoir, 1869; "Christopher Kilby," a memoir, 1872; "John 
Alfred Poor," a memoir, 1872 ; " Sketches of Capt. Francis Cham- 
pernowne," 1874. One of the articles printed in the New Eng- 
land Historical and Genealogical Register, and three that appeared 
in the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, were 
reprinted as separate works, namely : 

1. Christopher Kilby. A Memoir. Boston, 1872. 8vo. pp. 15. From the 

Register, January, 1872. 

2. Caleb Gushing. 8vo. pp. 6. From Proceedings, Jan. 1879. 

3. Indian Massacre at Fox Point in Newington. 8vo. pp. 6. From Pro- 

ceedings, June, 1879. 

4. New Hampshire without a Provincial Government. 1689-1690. An 

Historical Sketch. Cambridge, 1880. 8vo. pp. 13. From Pro- 
ceedings, October, 1879. 

A list of the works on which he was then engaged, prepared by 
himself, was printed in the Register for July, 1880, page 315. 
OF these he had made the most progress on — 1. Capt. John Mason; 
2. Capt. Francis Champernowne, and 3. The Dutch in Acadia. The 
first, Capt. John Mason, the Founder of New Hampshire, has been 
edited by the author of this article, and was printed by the Prince 
Society the last year. The other two works will be edited by Mr. 
Tuttle's friend, Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., provision for printing them 
having been made by Mrs. Tuttle, his widow, in her will. 

The history of his book on Mason is briefly this. Mr. Tuttle's inter- 
est in the founder of New Hampshire begun many years ago, when 
he learned that he was descended from Ambrose Gibbons, the trust- 

* The articles by Mr. Tnttle in the "Historical Memoranda/' seventeen in number, 
are Nos. 246, 248 to 258, 262, 265 to 267, 292. They appeared in the Dover Enquirer be- 
tween July 19, 1866, and Jan. 18, 1877. 

20 Charles Wesley Tuttle. [Jan. 

ed agent of Mason in the colony on the Pascataqua. In 1871 he 
embodied the result of his researches in a paper which he read before 
the New Hampshire Historical Society on Wednesday evening, the 
14th of June, in that year. The paper was repeated before the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, April 3, 1872, additional 
matter obtained by subsequent researches being introduced. 

Soon after, he was invited by the Prince Society, of which he was 
an officer, to prepare for the Publications of that society a volume 
on Mason in which should be embodied a reprint of Mason's tract 
on Newfoundland, first published in 1620, his only known publica- 
tion ; the several American charters in which he was a grantee ; and 
other papers illustrating the history of Mason and his colonization 
enterprises. This invitation Mr. Tuttle accepted, and continued his 
researches as he had opportunity. He delayed however to prepare 
the work for the press, in the hope of obtaining more materials. 
His principal hope was that the English Commission on Historical 
Manuscripts, which had brought to light many important documents 
found in private hands, would discover valuable manuscripts illus- 
trating the life and services of Capt. John Mason, and that possibly 
the papers of Mason himself would be found. These would throw 
much light not only on the events of Mason's life, but upon the 
early history of New England. After Mr. Tuttle's death his un- 
finished work on Mason was placed in my hands to prepare it for 
the press. This I did to the best of my ability, and in the autumn 
of 1887 it was given to the public by the Prince Society as one of 
its Publications.* It is evident from the materials which he left that 
he intended to make it a more elaborate work than it was deemed 
advisable to attempt. No one regrets more than his editor that 
Mr. Tuttle did not live to complete the book and carry it through 
the press. 

Mr. Tuttle also prepared a paper on Capt. Francis Champer- 
nowne, which was read before the Maine Historical Society at Bath, 
February 19, 1873. The next year he began writing a series of 
articles on Champernowne, three of which appeared in the Regis- 
ter for April, July and October, 1874. The series was never 
completed. Another paper on which he bestowed much laborious 
research, is entitled "The Conquest of Acadia by the Dutch." It 
was read before the Maine Historical Society at Portland, March 
22, 1877 ; and repeated before the Newport Historical Society, Oc- 
tober 24, 1877 ; the New England Historic Genealogical Society, 
June 4, 1879 ; and before the New York Historical Society, No- 
vember 4, 1879. Both works will be prepared for the press and 
printed, with annotations and illustrative documents. 

* Captain John Mason, the Founder of New Hampshire: including his Tract on New- 
foundland, 1G20; the American Charters in which lie was a grantee; with Letters and other 
Historical Documents, and a Memoir. By Charles Wesley Tuttle, Ph.D. Edited, with 
Historical Illustrations, by John Ward Dean, A.M. Boston : Prince Society. 1887. Fcp. 
4to. pp. xiv.-f-492. 

1888.] Charles Wesley Tuttle. 21 

Mr. Tuttle's contributions to historical literature are of great 
value. Their trustworthiness is a marked characteristic. He was al- 
ways ready to follow truth though it led him to give up preconceived 
opinions. His researches were thorough and unremitting. His 
temperament prevented him from leaving a subject before he had ex- 
hausted it as far as there was a possibility of doing this ; before he had 
gathered all the facts concerning it within his reach ; in fact, before 
he had seen it on all its sides. Another characteristic was a breadth 
of thought which enabled him to comprehend all the bearings of 
the subject on which he was engaged. He was critical in the use 
of language, and bestowed much labor on the construction of his 
sentences, and in correcting and polishing them. The result was 
that he expressed his ideas with clearness and perspicuity, and yet 
with beaut} r and grace. 

The Rev. Andrew Peabody, D.D., LL.D., of Cambridge, has 
furnished me with the following reminiscences of Mr. Tuttle : 

I first knew Mr. Tuttle as a young lawyer in Newburyport, where he 
was held in very high regard by the best people. After I became a resi- 
dent of Cambridge I saw him often, and he soon became and continued 
through the residue of his life a not infrequent visitor at my house* I be- 
came greatly interested in him as a man of superior scientific attainments, 
literary taste and general culture, and as thoroughly conscientious, upright, 
high-minded and true-hearted. At an early stage of my intimacy with 
him he delivered a course of lectures on astronomy in Boston to a small, 
but intelligent audience. I commenced attending the course for his sake; 
I continued attendance for my own. The lectures showed a strong grasp 
and clear comprehension of the science, and a rare capacity of statement 
and exposition. With the advantages of voice and manner which he lacked, 
he might have commanded and delighted large audiences. I had from time 
to time conferences with him on historical subjects, especially on matters 
appertaining to the early history of New Hampshire, in which we had a 
common interest. His honesty would not suffer him to perform any work 
in that department otherwise than faithfully to the utmost of his ability ; 
and he had a love for such work that enabled him to perform it with no 
reference to any possible revenue of reputation or of gain, but solely as a 
labor of love. I of course knew nothing in detail of his professional stand- 
ing, but I have been told, by those who knew, that he was a well read 
lawyer, and capable, prompt and trustworthy in the discharge of business. 
In my estimate of his character, he seems to me to have possessed a large 
endowment in talents of pure gold, while his chief deficiency was in brass, 
which, if not the most precious of metals, is often needed to keep gold in 

The Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury, of Boston, well known as an 
able lawyer, who shared Mr. Tuttle's historical tastes, thus wrote 
concerning him : 


Mr. Justice Clifford, who had in his youth practised law at Newfield, 
Me., where Charles had lived, feeling a sympathy for his already distin- 
guished and peculiar career, very kindly gave him the appointment of a 
" Commissioner of the Circuit Court of the United States." The duties of 
vol. xlii. 3 

22 Charles Wesley Tuttle. [Jan. 

tins position were those of a committing magistrate under the United States 
penal laws, and the taking of depositions, etc., in civil matters — a kind of 
Master in Chancery work. Mr. Tuttle very readily acquired a familiarity 
with these duties, and obtained good success in attending to them. Par- 
ticularly useful to him was the employment of taking down and presiding 
over the long examinations of the numerous witnesses and experts in some 
of the contested Patent cases. I have myself sought his service in such 
cases, and indeed perhaps I was one of the first to do so. This was many 
years ago. I know that afterwards he had some patent cases himself, 
which he attended to with model assiduity. 

Mr. Tuttle had considerable and varied business in the State Courts, and 
also in the Federal Courts, both here and at Washington. This he per- 
formed with scrupulous care, and with a skill that indicated a knowledge 
of the principles and practice of the profession. As his historical studies 
grew upon him, he formed a resolution to banish them entirely from the 
usual business hours of the day ; and he kept this resolution with an ad- 
mirable self-control. The consequence was not so well for him. Before 
and after office hours a second day's work would go on, earnestly and with- 
out self-restraint, until tired nature drove him to his bed exhausted, to rise 
the next day and renew the routine. The bow was ever strung, and the 
tough hickory failed at last. 

Though Mr. Tuttle could not be called an orator, he argued a point very 
well. Occasionally, many years ago, he indulged in political oratory on 
the stump with decided success. This was more due to his straight- for ward 
honesty and blunt sincerity than to the conventional rules which Quintil- 
1 i r r and David Paul Brown have laid down for the forensic art. Though 
:u .. ays attractive and amiable, he would not sacrifice his opinions to please 
others. He enjoyed the respect of the Courts where he practised and the 
esteem of his comrades at the bar. He was a good talker, and whenever 
he concentrated his attention on a subject, he showed natural powers of 
mind that made him the peer of any other laborer in the particular field. 

He had a strong affection for New England. I recall that when the 
executors of Gen. Cushing wished to employ him to go to Minnesota and 
look after the titles, &c, of the large landed property of the estate there, 
he declined, remarking, with decided emphasis, that he did not wish to cross 
the Hudson river ever again in his life ! 

Mrs. Harriet Prescott Spofford, the well known author, whose 
husband was a law-partner of Mr. Tuttle, thus wrote to Mrs. Tut- 
tle concerning him : 

When I first saw Charles, the impression that he made upon me had a 
strange romance about it. He had come to the place where I lived a com- 
parative stranger, but we all knew that he had been compelled to abandon 
the aim of his life and the dream of his heart, owing to threatened blind- 
ness, and to open a new path for himself; and that fact gave him a sort of 
heroic cast in our thoughts. I never divested him of a certain poetry that 
hung about him then ; he seemed to belong to the region of great unknown 
equations, to be a part of the world of stars out of which he had come into 
our more common and prosaic life. He had lived among those stars ever 
since he was a child, fashioning with his own hand when a boy the tubes 
for a telescope, to buy the lenses of which he had saved all his little pen- 
nies ; but when he took it out, finished for its trial, his excitement was so 

1888.] Charles Wesley Tuttle. 23 

great that he could not look through it, and another who had been nearly 
as much interested in it as he himself was, had to take the first view of the 
satellites of Jupiter and the phases of Venus. 

He was just as eagerly intent on everything he undertook all his life 
long. On the Observatory roofs he used the astronomical instruments till 
his eyes were nearly destroyed by the star and lunar rays ; and later in life 
he made his historical studies and research with the same rapt ardor, pursu- 
ing a theory or hunting down a fact to the absolute forgetful ness, for the 
time being, of almost everything else in life, with small idea of the passage 
of time or the value of money. Perhaps his leading characteristic was this 
eminent singlemindedness; and the power of concentrating thought belonging 
to it, gave him a singular force. The mathematical habit of his mind pro- 
duced in him a rare discernment and discrimination almost like another 
sense, the sense of truth, and when he stated a thing positively you would 
be sure that it was as fixed and demonstrable as one of the immutable facts 
of the universe. With this, moreover, there was the transparency and the 
guilelessness of a child, although far from him were all childish things ; for 
the nature of his own pursuits made everything less noble appear frivolous 
to him, and it seemed indeed as if he never saw such things but that his 
extended vision looked over them and beyond them. His mind was a trea- 
sure-house of great ideas and realities ; and earnest, passionate and natural 
to the last degree, he never could fit the words to them fast enough as they 
poured forth in any moment of enthusiasm. His affections partook of this 
general earnestness of his nature; where he had once bestowed them the fibres 
of his being went with them ; and unlike most of the promoters of science, 
he was singularly tender-hearted. He loved a child, a singing bird, a flower, 
as he loved a star; but it was the star that led him away into regions 
where he saw the beckoning hand of God ; for he had his times and sea- 
sons of that devoutness which the poet Young thought must seize every 
student of the nightly heavens who is not mad. 

I never shall forget a night that I spent with him in the company of my 
husband, — who was long in close professional and family relationship with 
him, cherishing between them a most tender attachment, — in the Cam- 
bridge Observatory looking through the immense telescope there. It would 
have been no different had we gone into the realm of unreal things, and 
among the arcana of magic, while that great engine tipped at the touch of 
the finger, while the swift sliding stars shot like meteors over the field before 
the clockwork was attached, while the iron dome turned and cracked as if 
the heavens rolled together like a scroll, while we had the freedom of the 
vast outer universe where double stars resolved their separate splendor and 
nebulaa shed their shining vapors and hung revealed a moment. In his 
knowledge, his enthusiasm, his gentleness, his genius, I thought of him that 
night as a greater wonder himself than the wonders he showed us ; he seemed 
like the lord of the domain into which one night years afterward he was 
so swiftly and fortunately translated ; and I think of him now only with 
the old liosicrucian legend, 

Astra castra, Numen lumen. 

Mr. Frank W. Hackett, of Portsmouth, N. II., writes me as 
follows : 

You have asked me to give you my impressions of the character of our 
late friend, Charles W. Tuttle. I take pleasure in so doing. 

24 Charles Wesley Tattle. [Jan. 

Id my boyhood at Portsmouth I used to see Mr. Tuttle occasionally, and 
I looked up to him with a boy's admiration. My recollection is (and I 
may be wrong) that he was then connected with the Observatory at Cam- 
bridge. I distinctly remember from the first he used to speak warmly, I 
may say enthusiastically, of Portsmouth and its neighborhood, so that some- 
how I got from him an idea that it was highly creditable in me to have 
been born there. Of course, I later saw plainly enough that it was the rich 
historic material and the associations of the early period that most attracted 

When I had begun the practice of the law at Boston, a little more than 
twenty years ago, I had frequent opportunity of meeting Mr. Tuttle. I 
shall not forget how cordial and encouraging w r ere his greetings, and how 
kind were his inquiries for my professional success. Leaving Boston in 
1871, it was my fortune to be there three or four times every year, and 
I often availed myself of the occasion to call at his office for a friendly 
chat. Me was, as you well know, genial and simple in manner, and very 
fond of his friends. The conversation was more likely to turn upon Cham- 
pernowne and Capt. John Mason than what was going on in the courts. 
He loved to talk about Strawberry Bauk, speaking with animation and re- 
spect of our antiquary, Mr. John Elwyn, of John Scribner Jenness and 
others. You know that it was owing to the advice and encouragement of 
Mr. Elwyn that he undertook to investigate the history of Francis Cham- 
pernowne. He once said of Elwyn: "I have walked with him again and 
again over all the venerable acres of old Strawberry Bank, and for beyond, 
and heard him discourse as no one else could of the olden time." I could 
not thus meet with Mr. Tuttle, and listen to what he said, without feeling 
that he was imparting to me somewhat of his ardor for a study of our early- 

Our friend, I should say, had a warm, sympathetic nature that laid hold 
of an acquaintance and soon made of him a friend. He was quick to detect 
a taste in another for his favorite pursuit, and he inspired one with a confi- 
dence that he sought accuracy above all things, sparing no pains to be ac- 
curate, even in matters of apparently trifling moment. A lover of truth, 
no man surpassed him in the relish with which he set about its discovery. 

I think I do not err when I characterize him as having been remarkably 
unselfish in his method of exhuming and using historical facts. By this I 
mean he cared nothing for gaining the credit of finding a paper or a book, 
as a first discoverer — thought little of enlarging his repute as an antiquary. 
He was intent only that the fact should be brought to light for what it 
might be worth, not to him but to the world. Indeed, he displayed a gen- 
erosity in this field that was most admirable. Mr. Tuttle was tolerant. 
He may have been impatient of the blunders of others, but so far as I ob- 
served nothing in word or tone escaped him that savored of harsh criticism. 
His thoughts and energies seemed to be concentrated on the men of the 
early time, and their doings, rather than on what was going on around him ; 
and he welcomed every worker in the field of historic research who sought 
his aid or advice. 

Of his affectionate nature others can better speak than I, but even one 
who but slightly knew him felt its ever present charm. His untimely death 
is sincerely mourned, and the memory of him is precious. As the years go 
by, and the early history of the Pascataqua becomes more clearly outlined, 
the value of Mr. Tattle's labors will be all the more appreciated. His per- 
sonal traits, however, lend an indescribable delight to what he has written; 

1888.] Charles Wesley Tuttle. 25 

and it is but simple justice to his memory, that his warm-hearted, lova- 
ble aature should be known of by those who in future years will recur to 
the treasures he freely gathered for lovers of history. I feel that it is 
scarcely possible to say too much in his praise. 

The Rev. Edmund F. Slafter wrote a memoir of Mr. Tuttle for 
the Massachusetts Historical Society, which has before been quoted. 
I make the following extract : 

In his social relations Mr. Tuttle was gentle, modest and unassuming. 
He was warm hearted and always overflowing with the spirit of kindliness. 
He was moderately reticent, and bad little ambition for seeming to impart 
to others information which he did not possess. But on themes that lay 
within the sphere of his personal observation, particularly those to which 
he had given a scrutinizing investigation, he was warmly responsive, and 
ready freely to unfold all the rich treasures of his accumulated knowledge. 
He was simple and dignified in his bearing, faithful in his friendships, a 
genial and instructive companion ; and his death, in what seemed to be the 
prime of his career of usefulness, will long be deplored by a large circle of 
scholars who knew him well and appreciated his excellent and rare 
qualities. 1 * 

Prof. Sylvester Waterhouse, LL.D., of Washington University, 
St. Louis, Mo., wrote of him: 

My acquaintance with Mr. Tuttle began in 1853. Towards the close of 
my last year in Harvard University our class was invited to visit the Ob- 
servatory. It was on the occasion of this visit that I first met Mr. Tuttle. 
He was then an assistant of Prof. Bond. An accidental conversation led 
to a friendship which lasted through life. His sterling virtues endeared him 
to me. The modesty of his nature, the loyalty of his friendship, the 
strength of his intellect and the accuracy of his scholarship were traits that 
could not fail to win regard. Apart from my sense of personal loss, it is a 
profound regret that a man so capable of public usefulness was removed in 
the prime of his powers. The constant expansion of his mind was fitting 
him for broader work. Had his life been spared, doubtless his later labors 
would have still more conspicuously illustrated the clearness and breadth of 
his intelligence. 

Prof. Truman H. Safford, of Williams College, Williamstown, 
Mass., writes of him : 

In his position at the Observatory he made great progress outside of his 
specified duties. He discovered one comet in 1853, independently of Father 
Secchi at Rome, who preceded him by two days, and his calculations of 
the orbits of these bodies are still kept upon record in the catalogues of such 
works published in Germany. He went once to Europe in charge of the 
chronometers which were sent backward and forward in the interest of the 
longitude-work of the Coast Survey. This was a mission that required 
a very good observer, as whoever went was obliged to take observations at 
Liverpool in company with Mr. Hartnup, the astronomer there. Mr. Tut- 
tle had also great mechanical skill, which was called into play in various 
ways on this mission as well as at the Observatory. For myself, Mr. Tut- 

* Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, vol. xxi. pp. 411-12. 
VOL. XLII. 3* 

26 Charles Wesley Tuttle. [Jan. 

tie's leaving the Observatory was a personal loss, as I was much there dur- 
ing his tonn of office, and his companionship was very pleasant. 

He was married January 31, 1872, to Mary Louisa Park, only 
daughter of the Hon. John C. Park. Her interest in his literary la- 
bors and in his reputation as an author is shown in the careful preser- 
vation of his manuscripts after his death, the collection of facts illus- 
trating his life, and the provision in her will for editing and print- 
ing his unpublished manuscripts. 

His health had been failing for a year or more before his death, 
and in the spring of 1881 he made a brief trip to the island of Ber- 
muda, partly for his health and partly to search the records for facts 
which his friend, the Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., was desirous 
of obtaining. He did not survive his return long, dying at Boston 
on Sunday morning, July 17, 1881, aged 51. Services were held 
in King's Chapel, the Rev. Edward H. Hall officiating. His fune- 
ral was attended by many relatives and friends, among whom were 
members of various societies with which he was connected. His re- 
mains were then deposited in Forest Hills Cemetery. 

The New England Historic Genealogical Society, at its quarterly 
meeting, October 5, 1881, passed the following resolutions :* 

Resolved, That the death of our associate member, Charles Wesley Tut- 
tle, A.M., Ph.D., is a great loss to the historical literature of New Eng- 
land. He took a deep interest in the early colonial history of this country, 
particularly in that of the colonies of New Hampshire and Maine, and de- 
voted the energies of a mind singularly clear and free from prejudice to its 
investigation. He was never wearied in the pursuit of the truths of history, 
and was only satisfied when he had exhausted all possible sources of in- 
formation upon the points he was investigating. His " Life of Capt. John 
Mason, the founder of New Hampshire ;" his " Conquest of Acadia by the 
Dutch ;" his " Life of Francis Champcrnowne," and other works which 
he had undertaken, and on some of which he had bestowed years of patient 
toil, would have added much to the reputation he had already gained as a 
truthful historian, had he lived to complete them. 

Resolved, That this Society loses in him a valued member, who took a 
deep interest in its objects, and who was always ready to perforin his share 
of its labors, and unselfishly to aid his brother nembers and others in their 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the family of Mr. 


* Resolutions on Mr. Tuttle's death were also passed by the Massachusetts Historical 
Society and by the Prince Society. Those of the Massachusetts Historical Society were 
printed in the nineteenth volume of its Proceedings, page 9. That volume also contains 
remarks on his character made at the same meeting, Sept. 8, 1881, by the lion. Robert C. 
Winthrop, LL.D. (pp. 2, 3), and Mr. Winslow Warren (pp. 11, 12). 

f The death of Mr. Tuttle was announced at the first meeting after his decease, Sept. 
7 1881, by the president, lion. Marshall P. Wilder, LL.D. Feeling tributes were paid 
to his memory by Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury and Mr. Frank W. Hackett, and a com- 
mittee w..s appointed to prepare resolutions to be reported at the next meeting for action. 
October -'), Mr. Jeremiah Colburn reported the above resolutions, which were unanimously 
adopted, after remarks by President Wilder, the Rev. Dorus Clarke, D.D., and the Rev. 
Edmund P. Shifter. The speakers expressed a high opinion of Mr. Tuttle as a man of 
ability and integrity, and as an historical writer, with a deep regret that he had been cut 
otF in the midst of his usefulness. 

1888.] John Tarbox and his Descendants. 27 

Mrs. Mary Park Tuttle survived her husband nearly six years. 
She died at Brookline, April 25, 1887, and her remains were laid 
by his side. Over the place where Mr. Tuttle's body reposes, on 
Clematis Path, Forest Hills, is an unhewn block of granite, placed 
there by his widow. It bears, on a bronze plate, this inscription : 


1829 * 1881 



By the Rev. Increase N. Takbox, D.D., of West Newton, Mass. 

THE family name Tarbox has generally been regarded as French 
Huguenot. In the work entitled " The Huguenots in France 
and America," published in two volumes in Cambridge, Mass., in 
1843, there is given in the Appendix a "List of the names of 
Huguenot Families in America." In this list the name Tarbox 
appears as derived from Tabaux. Other writers have suggested 
Tabeaux and Tarbeaux as the original name. 

It is, however, by no means certain that it was originally a French 
name. Three and four hundred years ago there were families in 
Lancashire, England, of some note, of the name Tarbock. The 
name in those times was variously spelled — Tarbock, Tarbocke, 
Tarback, Torbock and Torbocke. Standish is a Lancashire name, 
and there were intermarriages between the Standish and the Tar- 
bock families. It is not unlikely that the name Tarbox is a cor- 
ruption from Tarbock or Torbock. 

In this connection a letter recently received from F. T. Turton, 
Esq., of Huyton, near Liverpool, England, will be of interest. 
Mr. Turton is the author of a learned article entitled "Notes on 
the History of Huyton, especially with reference to its Church," 
read on the 12th of January, 1882, before the Historic Society of 
Lancashire and Cheshire, and published in the 34th volume of its 
Transactions. He writes : 

In answer to your letter and inquiries respecting the Tarbock family, 
I beg to send you a few farther notes taken from ancient local records and 
charters not printed. 

This family was formerly very active and important, and also one of 
the oldest in Lancashire, but are not now found in the neighborhood. The 

* This Genealogical Sketch, designed to cover the first five American generations of the 
Tarbox family, is by no means perfect. There are not a few names connected with this 
early period which, owing to scantiness of record-:, the writer has not been able to trace. 
Still, it is noc more imperfect perhaps than snch sketches ordinarily are. It is the r« Milt 
of long labor and research, and may help others to farther discoveries. The a llection of 
the facts here embodied has been going on, as opportunity olfercd, for fifty years. 

28 John Tarbox and his Descendants, [Jan. 

name is a place name, probably of Danish origin (Thor-beck, the brook or 
beck of Thor), from the beck or brook which still runs by the site of the 
Old Hall, now a farm-house. 

The word is usually pronounced Tarbock or Tarback, of which proba- 
bly Tarbox is a variation ; and I certainly incline to the idea that the name 
you bear is of English origin, as no doubt the family would be dispersed 
at the sale of the manor to Thomas Sutton, Esq. 

Tarbock is about six miles from Liverpool, and is now of little import- 
ance, being a purely agricultural township, and is only noted as having 
given name to the once well-known family of Tarbock. 

The sale of the manor to Thomas Sutton, above noted, took place 
before the year 1615. 

If Tarbox was originally a French name, there can be no doubt 
that it had become domesticated in England before coming hither. 
The name was brought here in its present shape, and in the same 
shape it still remains in England, though rare. 

1. John Tarbox, according to Lewis and Newhall's History of Lynn, 
came to that town in 1640. But by the Essex Court Records it is 
made plain that he was there in 1639, as the following entry will 
show: " John Tarbox pi. agt Daniell Salmon in aco. of Debt. Jury 
find for pi. 27 s damadgs and 11 s costs. 25 th of 4 th mo 1639." As 
this transaction was in the 4th month of 1639, there could hardly 
have been time in the previous months of that year for the forma- 
tion of a debt which should have passed through all such stages as 
should bring it into court for collection. It is likely, therefore, that 
he was an inhabitant of Lynn before 1639, but as we have no ab- 
solute proof of this, we fix upon that as his first year in New 

That he was a man of good character and a substantial citizen, 
appears from various items in the early records, of which the fol- 
lowing may serve as a specimen: 

"Geo Fraile4mo. 1664. 
Inventory of estate of George Fraile of Lynn who deceased 9 th - 
of lOmo. 1663, taken by Thos. Houghton Thos. Putnam, John Put- 
nam and John Tarbox : Amount £184 14 s 0. returned and al- 
lowed 29. Mar. 1664." 

John Tarbox died in 1674. Lewis in his History of Lynn says 
of him : "John Tarbox, one of the first farmers of Lynn, died 26 
May, 1674. He had seven acres of upland on Water Hill, an or- 
chard, three cows and nine sheep, at the time of his decease He 

was a small proprietor in the Iron Works." The Iron Works of 
Lynn, started in the infancy of the Massachusetts colony, was a very 
important branch of industry, and seems to have been regarded as 
a patriotic and public-spirited enterprise, which might or might not 
be found immediately profitable. Men outside of Lynn bore a part- 
in the development of this industry. Gen. Robert Sedgwick, of 
Charlestown, who afterwards went back to England to help Crom- 
well in his war against the king, was one of the proprietors in these 
Iron Works. 

The will of John Tarbox, made only a short time before his death, 

1888.] John Tarbox and his Descendants. 29 

is on record in the Probate Office at Salem, and the following sen- 
tences are copied from it. " I bequeath my house and housing with 
orchard and all my land and meadow, with a Greene rugg and a 
great Iron Kettell, and a round Joyned Table to my Sonne John 
Tarbox. I bequeath unto every one of my Sonn John Tarbox his 
children one ewe sheep apeece. I appoint my wife Executrix and 
my friends Capt. Marshall and Thomas Laughton Sen. my over- 

The name of John Tarbox's wife, who survived him, was proba- 
bly Rebekah. His children were : 

i. Rebekah 2 born in England, seven or eight years old when she came 
over. She was the occasion of the curious record which we find on 
the books containing the doings of the Court of Quarter Sessions in 

" Sept. 11, 1649. Mathew Stanley was tried for winning the affec- 
tion of John Tarbox's daughter, without the consent of her parents. 
He was fined £5. with 2s. 6d. fees. The parents of the young woman 
were allowed 6s. for their attendance three days." 

That she was an only daughter is made probable by the above lan- 
guage, and we find traces of no other. She is not mentioned in her 
lather's will in 1674, and may not have been then living. But she is 
mentioned in the will of Mrs. Thomas Axey (a neighbor and friend), 
made in 1670." Among many small legacies, she leaves one " to Re- 
bekah Tarbox, wife of Goodman Gowing." 
ii. Jonathan, 2 also born in England, died in 1654. A child John Tarbox 
died in Lynn about the same time, probably father and son. It may 
be that Jonathan had been recently married, and this was hisfirst born 
son. Both dying near the same time, this line was cut short. 

2. iii. John 2 , born 1645, m. July, 1667, Mary Haven, daughter of Richard 

and Susanna (Newhal!) Haven, b. March 12, 1647. Richard Haven 
was one of the substantial men of early Lynn, and there have been 
several public gatherings of his descendants. 

3. iv. Samuel, 2 born 1647; m. (1st) Nov. 14, 1665, Rebekah Armitnge, daugh- 

ter of Godfrey Armitage, of Boston, and (2d) October 16, 1678, Expe- 
rience Look. 

2. John 2 Tarbox [John 1 ) shared much more largely in his father's estate 
than did Samuel. 2 Doubtless he had the advantage of the elder son, 
according to the English idea of primogeniture. He may have been 
otherwise more of a favorite with his father, though all the facts 
would indicate that Samuel occupied a more conspicuous position and 
rilled a larger space in the public activities of Lynn than John. It 
was not indeed a great estate which John 1 had to leave to his wife 
and children, though respectable for those days. It was invento- 
ried at £159 6s. 6d. 

John 2 Tarbox was united in marriage with Mary Haven, July, 
1667. Children: 

4. i. John, 3 b. April 3, 1668 ; with wife Elizabeth settled at East Greenwich, 

R. I., about 1695. He was the father of the Rhode Island branch of 

the family. 
ii. Joseph, b. March 4, 1669; d. Sept. 27, 1669. 
iii. Mary, b. Aug. 11, 1670 ; d. August, 1671. 
iv. Sarah, b. June 1, 1672. 
v. Joseph, b. July 29, 1674; d. Nov. 1674. 
vi. Jonathan, b. Feb. 18, 1676. 
vii. Samuel, b. Feb. 5, 1677 ; d. Feb. 14, 1677. 

5. viii. Ebenezer, b. Jan. 4, 1678 ; m. Mary Brean. 
ix. Hannah, } 

x. Mary, > Triplets, b. Oct. 14, 1681. All died in infancy. 
xi. Susanna, N 

30 John Tarhox and his Descendants. [Jan. 

6. xii. Nathaniel, b. Jan. 25, 1684. With wife Elizabeth settled in Bidde- 

ford, Me., 1720. He is the father of the Maine branch of the family, 
xiii. Mary, b. June 13, 1686. 

Mary, wife of John Tarbox, died Nov. 19, 1690. Her husband 
was alive Jan. 8, 1723, when he sold his homestead to his son Eben- 
ezer. The exact date of his death we have not found. 

3. Samuel 2 Tarbox [John 1 ) was married (1st) to Rebekah Armitage, 
Nov. 14, 1665, and (2d) to Experience Look, Oct. 16, 1678. There 
is an interesting history connected with Rebekah Armitage. Her 
father, Godfrey Armitage, on coming from England lived first in 
Lynn. Afterward he married in Boston a woman of the name 
Webb, and they lived in Boston. In 1654 Rebekah Webb, a wid- 
ow, the mother of Godfrey Armitage's wife, died, leaving all her 
property to her grandchild Rebekah Armitage. This will is on 
record among the early wills of Boston, and runs in this primitive 
fashion : 

"Rebekah Webb." 
" Grandchild Rebekah Armitage sole executrix to pay all my debts, 
possess all my goods, debts and estate : Loveing friends, Thomas Bu- 
tolph and Peter Oliver Administrators. 

Committ unto y m the care of said grandchild and my said goods, 
debts, goods or estate to improoue to the best behoofe of said Grand- 
child, also to dispose of her in marriage (if she live to be capable 
thereof) or at sixteene years of age, then she hath liberty to dispose of 
hir estate hir selfe, in case God take hir away by death before mar- 
riage : but at twenty years she hath power over hir estate, but not of 
hir person in marriage without [the consent] of hir father Godfrey 
Armitage Thomas Butolph & Peter Oliver. If God take away said 
Rebekah by death before the age of sixteene years, then Administra- 
tors & Sonn Armitage have all my estate to be equally divided among 
y m they paying such legacys as followeth (vizt) to Seaborne Cotton and 
John Cotton forty Shillings apiece. To Mr. John Wilson Junior forty 
shillings ; to his sister dauenport [Danforth] forty shillings, for her 
love and care of said grand child, and sixe pounds a year with her for 
two years. Above named Administrators and said sonn in law twenty 
shillings a piece. Witness my hand lO 11 * of Dec. 1654. 

Rebekah Webb. W her mark. 

Fifteen years later, in 1669, Godfrey Armitage made his will, 
and he left a legacy to his " daughter Rebekah Tarbox," she hav- 
ing been then four years the wife of Samuel Tarbox. This will is 
also on record among the early wills of Boston. Children of Sam- 
uel and Rebekah : 

i. Samuel, 3 b. June 20, 1666; d. before 1693. 

7. ii. Jonathan, b. July 3, 1668. Had wife Eleanor 

hi. Godfrey, b. Aug. 16, 1670; d. before 1701, as in that year the three 
children of Rebekah, then living, united in giving a deed of property 
to a man in Boston. 

iv. Rebekah, b. Aug. 8, 1672 ; m. John Gott, of Wenham. 

v. Sarah, b. Oct. 15, 1674 ; m. Ebenezer Batchelder, of Wenham. 

vi. Mary. b. Feb. 21, 1676. The mother died a fortnight after the birth of 
this child, and the child died three weeks later. The father was ab- 
sent at the time as a soldier in King Philip's war. 

Children of Samuel and Experience : 

vii. Experience, b. Sept. 1, 1679. 
viii. Hannah, b. March 12, 1681. 
ix. John, b. March 8, 1683 ; d. March 14, 1683. 
8. x. Thomas, b. June 8, 1684 ; m. Esther Edwards. 

1888.] John Tarbox and his Descendants. 31 

xii. Elizabeth, ] Twins ' b * Jan ' 8 ' 1686 ; d - withia two weeks - 
xiii. Benjamin, b. Jan. 23, 1686; d. Sept. 27, 1710. 
xiv. Mary, b. Jan. 20, 1689; m. Ephraim Kimball, of Box ford. 
9. xv. Samuel, b. 1693; m. Elizabeth Maxey. 

10. xvi. Ebenezer, b. Aug. 1, 1695; m. Sarah Hall. 

xvii. Heritable, b. June 12, 1697; m. John Iierrick, of Beverly. 

11. xviii. Joseph, b. March 6, 1699; m. Susanna Stevens. 

Ensign Samuel Tarbox died August 16, 1715. He had been 
much employed in different ways in the service of the town. A 
" sJtort time before his- death he made a will, which was in advance of 
his time, as the following extract from it will show : 

" Having but a small estate, and my children considerable grown 
up, and mostlj 7, taken care for, and I have done for according to my 
capacity, and my beloved wife being in years and a lame woman, 
my will is, and I doe hereby will and bequeath unto ray beloved 
wife Experience Tarbox her heirs and assigns for ever, all my estate 
both real and personal, housing and lands, with all my movables 
both within doors and without doors, to be at her own pleasure, to 
give sell and dispose of as she see cause for her own comfortable sub- 
sistence. If my- afore said estate may remain more than for her sub- 
sistence afore said my desire is that she doe, as I doubt not her lov- 
ing nature will move her to dispose of the same among my children 
as she see cause." 

In 1685 Samuel Tarbox was one of twenty-five petitioners to 
the General Court setting forth the trials, hardships, damages and 
losses which they suffered in that terrible war of 1675-6, and asking 
some special remuneration. 

"On the 3 rd of June, 1685, the Court granted them a tract of 
land in Worcester County, eight miles square, on condition that 
thirty families, with an Orthodox minister, should settle there with- 
in four years." 

After the death of Samuel Tarbox in 1715, his wife Experience 
went to live with her son Thomas in Wenham. There she con- 
tinued for many years, dying March 2, 1738, in the 85th year of 
her age. Her tombstone stands plainly to view near the front en- 
trance of the Wenham burial-ground. 

We come now to the third generation, and we will take the names 
that are to be further illustrated according to the order in which 
they stand in the preceding lists. 

4. John 3 Tarbox (John? John 1 ), born in Lynn, April 3,1668; with 
wife Elizabeth settled in East Greenwich about 1695, where his 
eldest son John was born, Oct. 14, 1698. It is not unlikely that the 
daughter P^lizabeth was the first born of the children. By his will, 
made Sept. 12, 1747, he enumerates eight children then living, pro- 
bably without reference to the order of their birth. To seven of 
them he gives only the sum of Jive shillings each, reserving the bulk 
of his estate, which was inventoried at £211 9s., for his daughter 
Keziah, who had probably taken care of him in his old age. He was 
then 79 years old. This will, which is on record in the Bast Green- 
wich, R. I., Probate Office, was admitted to probate March 28, 1748. 
The children named in the will are : 













VI 1 



32 John Tarbox and his Descendants. [Jan. 

18. i. John,* b. Oct. 11, 1093. 

ii. Samui 

iii. Sarah, 

iv. Margaret. 

V. K XI* IK I EM B. 

vi. Jemima. 

vii. Elizabeth. 

viii. Keziah. 

We cannot doubt that these daughters, some or all of them, wer . 
married, but the names of their husbands am not given in the v 
and in the obscurity of the records we have not been ahte to find 
the record of their marriages. jO 

5. EBENEZER 3 TARBOX (John,- John 1 ), born Jan. -1. i ; 7-. wa* united in 
marriage, April 15, 1700, with Mary Brean, of Boxford. They 
lived in Lynn. Children : 

John, 4 b. Feb. 7, 1702; m. Dorothy Gray. 
Nathaniel, b. March 20, 1701 : in. Ruth Frail, of Salem. 
Jacob, b. June 14, 1707 ; m. Abigail Baxter, of Lynn. 
Ebenezer, b. June 14, 1709; in. Mary Rand, of Lynn. 
Jeremiah, b. 1711? m. Joanna Cook. 
Sarah, b. 1713? in. John Hewitt, of Lynn. 
Noah, b. 1715? m. Hannah Burrows, of Ipswich, 
viii. Benjamin, b. 1717? in. Deborah Gray, of Lynn. 

Ebenezer Tarbox, Sen., died Dec. 2, 1723, and letters of admin- 
istration were granted July 6, 1724, to " Mary, Relict Widdow of 
Ebenezer Tarbox late of Lynn." The estate was divided by order 
of the Probate Court, each child receiving £17 20s. 9d., except 
that John the eldest received a double portion, £34 5s. Gd. The 
whole amount given to the eight children was .£154 4s. 9d., and 
the widow had her portion. 

6. Nathaniel 3 Tarbox (John? John 1 ), born Jan. 25, 1684, was mar- 

ried to Elizabeth about 1710, and with his wife and three or four 

young children, settled in Biddeford, Me., about 1720. Children : 

Joseph, 4 b. about 1711 ; m. Mary Belcher, of Boston. 

Benjamin, b. about 1714; m. (1st) Abigail, (2d) Hannah Smith. 

John, b. about 17 10; m. Abigail . 

Haven, b. about 1718; in. Miriam Dempscy. 

Sarah, b. about 1720; m. Job Roberts, July 25, 1745. 

When Nathaniel Tarbox moved to Biddeford it was a period of 
Indian hostilities, and he had command of one of the " garrison 
houses" near Biddeford Pool, lie was killed by the Indiana in 
1723, and his widow Elizabeth married John Gray in 1724. A 
gentleman who has recently visited Biddeford told the writer that 
the remains of the Tarbox garrison house are yet plainly to be seen. 

7. Jonathan 3 Tarbox (Samuel? John 1 ), born July 3, 1GG8; married 

Eleanor about 1G93. They lived in Lynn. Children : 

i. Eleanor, 4 b. about 1694; m. Nov. (5, 1714, Edward Howard, of Lynn. 

25. ii. Godfrey, b. 1696; m. Hannah Laighton. 

26. iii. Jonathan, b. 169S ; m. Mary Olougn, of Boston, 
iv. Experience, !>. about 1700. 

v. Hannah, b. 1701 ; m. in Hebron, Ct., John Gott (son of John and Eliz- 
abeth). She died suddenly, July 12, 1773. 

vi. Mart, b. about 1703 ; m. Nathaniel Root, of ilebrou, Ct., Dec. 28, 1725 ; 
(1. Dec. 0, 1751. 

vii. Sarah, b. about 1705; m. May, 1729, Jonathan Root, of Hebron; d. 
Aug. 9, 1754. 











1888.] John Tarbox and his Descendants. 33 

Jonathan Tarbox, Sen., died before 1718, as in that year, Sept. 
29, 1718, his widow Eleanor married John Gott, Sen., whose first 
wife was Rebekah Tarbox. In their early married life John Gott 
and his wife had lived in Wenham, but as early as 1714 they had 
moved to Hebron, Ct, where Rebekah dying, her husband returned 
and married Eleanor Tarbox, the widow of Jonathan, Rebekah's 
brother. Eleanor long outlived her second husband, dying about 
1770, not far from 90 years old. 

.8 Thomas 3 Tarbox (Samuel? John 1 ), born June 8, 1684; was united 
in marriage Feb. 22, 1707, with Esther Edwards, of Wenham. 
They lived in Wenham, where he was known as Capt. Thomas Tar- 
box, a very valuable citizen. Children : 

i. Esther, 4 b. May 30, 1708 ; m. Philip Town, of Topsfield. 
ii. Rebekah, b. Oct. 2, 1709; d July 25, 1711. 
iii. Rebekah, b. Oct. 24, 1711 ; m. John Darby, of Ipswich, 
iv. Benjamin, b. Feb. 13, 1714 ; d. June 10, 1714. 
27. v. Samuel, b. Oct. 1, 1715; m. Mary Cue. 
vi. Eunice, b. June 10, 1717. 
vii. Thomas, b. Feb. 19, 1718 ; d. early, 
viii. Mary, b. Sept. 20, 1720 ; d. early. 
ix. Lucy, b. Oct. 25, 1723; m. (1st) March 6, 1751, Elisha Perkins, of 

Topsfield, Mass. ; (2d) Jan. 3, 1753, Dea. Daniel Gould, of Topsfield ; 

(3d) xMay 31, 1768, Asa Gould, of Topsfield. 

Esther, wife of Thomas Tarbox, died Aug. 20, 1766, in her 85th 
year. He himself died Jan. 9, 1774, in his 90th year. His son, 
Dea. Samuel Tarbox, was his administrator, and he left handsome 
portions to his children and grandchildren. 

9. Samuel 3 Tarbox (Samuel? John 1 ), born Feb. 6, 1693 ; was united 
in marriage Jan. 12, 1716, with Elizabeth Maxey, of Wenham. 
They lived in Wenham. Children : 

i. Mary, 4 b. May 29, 1717 ; d. 1720. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 25, 1718. 

iii. Experience, b. Feb. 3, 1721. 

iv. Mary, b. Feb. 6, 1723. 

Elizabeth, the wife of Samuel Tarbox, died in 1737, and he died 
in 1755. Administration upon his estate was granted to Robert 
Dodge, Dec. 15, 1755. 

10. Ebenezer 3 Tarbox (Samuel? John 1 ) was united in marriage March 

5, 1719, with Sarah Hall. They lived in Gloucester. Children : 

i. Isaac, 4 b. March 23, 1720. 

ii. Thomas, b. 1724. 

iii. Benjamin, b. 1726. 

iv. Ebenezer, b. May, 1727. 

v. John, b. Oct. 30, 1730. 

vi. Sarah, b. 1732. 

vii. Rebekah, b. 1733. 

Ebenezer Tarbox died in Gloucester, and letters of administra- 
tion were granted to his wife Sarah Dec. 10, 1715. Inventory ren- 
red 174G. Amount, £235 8s. 6d. 

11. Joskpii 3 Taiiijox (Samuel? John? John 1 ), born March 6, 1000, w 

united in marriage with Susanna Stevens, of Gloucester, Jan. i 
1725. They lived in Gloucester. Children: 


34 John Tarbox and his Descendants. [Jan. 

i. Joseph, 4 b. March 5, 1726 ; d. 1753 ; unmarried, 

ii. Susanna, b. March 1,1729. 

28. iii. Samuel, b. May 23, 1731 ; m. Deborah Sayward. 
iv. Abigail, b. July 25, 1734 ; d. early. 
v. Experience, b. March 20, 1737. 
vi. Abigail, b. 1740. 

29. vii. William, b. 1743; m. Lydia Atwell. 

Joseph Tarbox died in 17G5, and administration upon his estate 
was granted July 17, 1758, and afterwards, by reason of her death, 
to Joseph Clough, Oct. 21, 1765. 

Fourth Generation. 

12. John 4 Tarbox [John, 3 John, 2 John 1 ), born in East Greenwich, R. L, 

Oct. 14, 1698 ; had two wives, Elizabeth and Margaret. He lived 
in East Greenwich. Children by wife Elizabeth: 

i. Caleb, 5 b. Dec. 5, 1725; d. in early life. 
By wife Margaret : 

ii. Mary, b. Dec. 23, 1733. 

iii. Samuel, b. Sept. 25, 1736. Had a large family of children. John went 
West ; Joseph m. Esther Whitford ; Curnell m. Sally. Adams ; Whip- 
ple went to Pennsylvania; David, b. May 21, 1764, in. Sally John- 
son; Benjamin m. Hannah Nichols; Samuel m. Betsey Johnson ; 
Margeret, Edith and Welthan. 

iv. Ann, 6. May 22, 1742. 

v. Elizabeth, b. S?pt. 22, 1747. 

vi. Caleb, b. Dec. 24, 1750; d. unmarried. In this Rhode Island branch, 
for the three foregoing generations, the family name was perpetuated 
through one person in each generation. 

The following is taken from the Probate Records of East Green- 

" Know ye that whereas John Tarbox Jun. of East Greenwich 
in the County of Kent, the Colony of Rhode Island, & so forth 
shipwright, went a voyage to sea on the coast of Africa, some years 
past and there on the coast of Africa aforesaid as appears by a 
letter of one John Wallis from Africa aforesaid, deceased in the 
year 1.759, intestate, Samuel Tarbox son of the deceased is ap- 
pointed to settle his estate." Sept. 1662. 

The inventory of the estate was £237 7s. 

13. John 4 Tarbox (Ebe?iezer, 3 John, 2 John 1 ) was united in marriage, 

1728, with Dorothy Gray. They lived first at Lynn, and after- 
wards at Gloucester. Children : 

i. John, 6 b. in Lynn, Jan. 28, 1729. 

ii. William, b. in Gloucester, Sept. 1, 1736; revolutionary soldier. 

iii. Daniel, bapt. in Gloucester, July 15, 1739. 

14. Nathaniel 4 Tarbox (Ebenezer, 3 John 2 John 1 ) was united in mar- 

riage with Ruth Frail, of Salem, Sept. 8, 1722. They lived in 
Lynn. Children: 

i. Lydia, 5 b. Au£. 10, 1723 ; m. Joseph Gleason. 
ii. Abner, b. June 20, 1725. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 7, 1726. 

15. Jacob 4 Tarbox (Ebenezer* John 2 John 1 ) was united in marriage j 

with Abigail Baxter, Oct. 5, 1729. They lived in Lynn. Children: \ 
i. Elizabeth, 5 b. Jan. 4, 1732 ; m. James Ferns, Dec. 2, 1755. 
ii. Nathaniel, b. Nov. 29, 1734 ; ni. Abigail Cox ; revolutionary soldier. 

1888.] John Tarbox and his Descendants. 35 

iii. Samuel, b. Aug. 29, 1737 ; m. Mary Wheeler, of Maiden. 

iv. Lydia, b. May 29, 1741 : m. Joseph Gleason, of Oxford. 

v. Jonathan, b. May 6, 1743. 

vi. Sarah, b. May 16, 1747. 

vii. Baxter, b. Aug. 17, 1754; revolutionary soldier. 

16. Ebenezer 4 Tarbox (Ebenezer? Jo/in, 2 John 1 ) was united in mar- 

riage with Mary Rand, of Lynn, July 13, 1735. He seems to have 
had no children. He died a few years after marriage, and by his 
will bearing date July 6, 1744, he gave portions to his wife Mary, 
his brother John, his brother Jacob, to Ebenezer, son of his brother 
Noah, to Abner, son of his brother Nathaniel, to Ebenezer, son of 
his brother Jeremiah, to the children of his sister Mrs. Sarah Hewitt, 
and to his brother Benjamin, whom he made sole executor of his 

17. Jeremiah 4 Tarbox (Ebenezer, 3 John, 2 John 1 ) was united in marriage 

Aug. 19, 1733, with Joanna Cook, of Lynn. They lived in Lynn. 
Children : 

i. Ebenezer, 5 b. March 6, 1734 ; m. Mary Baker, 

ii. Mary, b. Sept. 2, 1735; in. William Rice, of Ipswich. 

iii. Jeremiah, b. Feb. 25, 1737; m. Anne Oox, Sept. 5, 1755. 

iv. Abigail, b. Sept. 20, 1740; m. Amos Pratt. 

18. Noah 4 Tarbox (Ebenezer* John 2 John 1 ) was united in marriage, 

Oct. 22, 1738, with Hannah Burrows, of Ipswich. They settled 
first in Londonderry, N. H., and soon afterwards removed to Dun- 
stable, N. H. (to that part of the town afterwards known as Mem- 
mac). Here he died in 1774, about 60 years of age. It is quite 
likely he had other children than those named below. Children ; 

i. Ebenezer, 5 b. before 1744, for in that year his uncle Ebenezer left him a 

ii. Henry, b. about 1746 ; m. May 27, 1767, Sarah Wright. 
iii. James, b. 1759 ; m. Betsey Lund. 

The last named proved to be a very notable man. He was fifteen 
years old when his father died in 1774. He afterwards served as a 
soldier in the revolutionary army. He was united in marriage, 
June 15, 1782, with Betsey Lund, of Dunstable, and they moved 
to Vermont, settling first at Windsor. As Noah, his father, seems 
to have been the first to carry the name Tarbox to New Hampshire, 
James the son was the first to carry it to Vermont. He settled with 
his wife first at Windsor, but in 1798 the family removed to Ran- 
dolph. Here James Tarbox made for himself a name of honor and 
dignity. The Vermont Historical Gazeteer, Vol. II:, p. 1052, says 
of him: 

" Judge Tarbox was always held in very high esteem for his pe- 
culiarly sound judgment and sterling integrity. He held many 
prominent town offices for many years. He was also many times 
elected to represent his town in the legislature, and was a member 
of the legislative council under the old constitution of the state ; was 
a Judge of the Orange County Court; was a director in the Wood- 
stock branch of the Vermont State Bank, and PDlector of President 
and Vice-President of the United States." 

Though he himself lived to be 82 and his wife 78, his eight chil- 
dren, six sons and two daughters, all died in early manhood and 

36 John Tarbox and his Descendants. [Jan. 

womanhood. The last of his children died Aug. 23, 1841, two days 
before his own death. A granddaughter Betsey Tarbox, daughter 
of Lund Tarbox, survived and married Charles Dewey, Esq., of 
Montpelier, Vt. She is still living and at the head of a large and 
highly respectable family of children and grandchildren. 

19. Benjamin 4 Tarbox (Ebenezer? John, 2 Johji 1 ) was united in marriage, 

June 21, 1724, with Deborah Gray, of Lynn. They lived in Glou- 
cester. Children : 

i. Deborah,* b. 1739. 

ii. Benjamin, b. 1743 ; d. unm. ; revolutionary soldier, 
iii. Andrew, b. 1747. This last child was by a second wife, Mrs. Abigail 
Parsons, to whom he was married in 1744. 

20. Joseph 4 Tarbox (Nathaniel? John? John 1 ) was united in marriage 

with Mary Belcher, of Boston, Feb. 22, 1732. They lived in Bid- 
deford, Me. Children : 

i. Daniel, 6 b. about 1733 ; m. Sept. 30, 1762, Agnes Hooper. 

ii. Mary, b. about 1735 ; m. March 3. 1757, Daniel Smith. 

iii. Joseph, b. 1740. 

iv. Hannah, bapt. April 3, 1743; m. Sept. 14, 1762, Dominions Scammon. 

v. Jonathan, bapt. Feb. 17, 1745 ; m. Nov. 23, 1775, Mary Haley. 

vi. Zechariah, bapt. March 8, 1747. 

vii. Eliakim, bapt. Jan. 1, 1749. 

viii. Sophia, bapt. March 3, 1751; m. April 15, 1771, Nathaniel Cole. 

ix. Eliezer, b. May 11, 1753; m. March 4, 1781, Phebe Stackpole. They 
lived in Gardiner, Me , and the names of their children were — Joseph, 
b. Nov. 12, 1781; James, b. March 21, 1784; Zachariah, b. April 7, 
1786 ; Nathaniel, b. Oct. 12, 1788; Samuel Belcher, b. May 15, 1791 ; 
Eliezer, b. April 17, 1794 ; Mary, b. Aug. 1796 ; Julia, b. Nov. 13, 
1799, and William, b. Jan. 10, 1804. 

x. Lavinia, b. Jan. 11, 1756 ; m. Sept. 15, 1774, Joseph Stimson. 

21. Benjamin 4 Tarbox (Nathaniel? John? John 1 ) married Abigail . 

They lived in Biddeforcl. Children : 

i. Benjamin, 5 b. about 1741 ; m. March 18, 1762, Hannah Smith. They 

lived in Biddeford. 
ii. Nathaniel, bapt. Nov. 25, 1743; m. Dec. 3, 1761, Sarah Gilpatrick. 
iii. Haven, bapt. Feb. 24, 1745 ; in. June 27, 1771, Sarah Smith, 
iv. Ruth, bapt. May 31, 1747 ; pub. March 26, 1769, to Andrew Staples. 

v. Lemuel, b. Dec. 2, 1750 ; m. Margaret . 

vi. Tristram, bapt. June 5, 1757. 
vii. Caryl, bapt. Nov. 15. 1761. 
viii. Abigail, bapt. Sept. 11, 1763. 
ix. Joseph, bapt. April 5, 1767. 

22. John 4 Taruox (Nathaniel? John? John 1 ) married Abigail , 

about 1743. They lived in Biddeford. Children: 

i. John, 5 b. about 1744. 

ii. Hezekiah, bapt. Jan. 5, 1716 ; m. Aug. 3, 1770, Sarah Stackpole. They 

lived in Biddeford. 
iii. Lucv, bapt. Feb. 28, 1748 ; m. May 5, 1765, Ebenezcr Jordan. 
iv. Cornelius, bapt. Dec. 2, 1751. 
v. Olive, bapt. Nov. 30, 1755. 
vi. Jerusha, bapt. May 7, 1758. 
vii. Stephen, bapt. April 21, 1760. 
viii. Nauby, bapt. Aug. 28, 1763. 
ix. Loring, bapt. Nov. 16, 1766. 

23. Haven 4 TARBOX [Nathaniel? John? John 1 ) was united in marriage 

with Miriam IVmpsey, of Kennebunkport, Nov. 20, 1746. They 
lived in Biddeford. Children : 

1888.] John Tarbox and his Descendants. 37 

i. Samuel, 6 bapt. April 3, 1753. 

ii. Mary, m. Nov. 27, 1764, to Joseph Gilpatrick. 

iii. Huldah, ~) m. Jul}' 9, 1766, to William Gilpatrick. 

V Twins, bapt. April 3, 1753. 
iv. Betty, ) m. May 26, 1768, to Samuel Haley, Jr. 
v. Thomas, bapt. Dec. 23, 1753. 
vi. Miriam, bapt. May 18, 1755. 
vii. Haven, bapt. May 1, 1757. 
viii. Abijah, bapt. June 17, 1759; m. Nov. 25, 1779, Sarah Gilpatrick; d. 

June 20, 1801. 
ix. Nathan, bapt. Oct. 19, 1760. 

25. Godfrey 4 Tarbox (Jonathan* Samuel? John 1 ) was born in Lynn, 
1696 ; was united in marriage, March 26, 1722, with Hannah Laigh- 
ton, daughter of Thomas Laighton, of Lynn. He was known both 
as husbandman and fisherman, and in both departments was success- 
ful. Children : 

i. Lydia, 5 b. Nov. 4, 1722 ; m. Dec. 7, 1741, John Porter, of Hebron, Cfc. 

ii. Jonathan, b. Aug. 24, 1724 ; m. May 1, 1750, Abigail Bartholomew, of 
Hebron, Ct. 

iii. Thomas, b. April 3, 1726 ; m. April 18, 1754, Deborah Skinner, of He- 
bron, Ct. 

iv. David, b. March 26, 1728 ; m. May 30, 1754, Abigail Taylor, of He- 
bron, Ct. 

v. Hannah, b. May 21, 1730; m. Feb. 1, 1750, Lieut. Joshua Phelps, of 
Hebron, Ct. 

vi. Solomon, b. May 30, 1733 ; m. Sept. 4, 1755, Asenath Phelps, of He- 
bron, Ct. 

In 1739, when his oldest child was 17 years and his youngest 6 years 
of age, he sold all his real estate in Lynn and its neighborhood, and 
bought a large tract of land in the south part of Hebron, Ct., bor- 
dering on an inland lake known then and now as North Pond. This 
lake, a mile and a quarter in length, is fed only by springs from 
the high and rocky hills that skirt it. Its waters therefore are ex- 
ceedingly pure and clear, and it has always been a favorite resort 
for fishing and boating. The chief motive that led to his removal 
was doubtless that his mother Eleanor, left a widow more than 
twenty years before, had become the second wife of John Gott, and 
was living in Hebron. He had also three sisters there, who had 
gone thither with their mother when she married Mr. Gott. Two 
of these were already married, with families of children growing up 
around them. Through a large part of his life in Hebron he was 
known as Capt. Godfrey Tarbox. His two daughters were married 
into two of the leading families of the town, and his four sons had 
farms assigned them out of his large landed estate, which, by his 
will, in 1767, he gave to them and their children. He died in 
Hebron, Dec. 29, 1768, aged 73. His wife died May 9, 1774. 
The inventory of his estate was £2606. There are some reasons 
for thinking that his removal from Lynn to Hebron took place in 
1738. He was certainly there in 1739. 

The writer of this sketch was descended from Godfrey 4 Tarbox, 
through Thomas, 5 Jonathan 6 and Thomas. 7 

This North Pond, on the northern aud western shores of which 
stretched the lands of Godfrey Tarbox, has had an interesting his- 
tory. The outlet of the lake is on its western side, and so high up 
is the lake among the hills, that the stream issuing from it runs 
VOL. xlti. 4* 

38 John Tarbox and his Descendants. [Jan. 

down a long slope before it reaches the level of the stream into 
which it empties. On the lower grade of this slope the present 
manufacturing village of Turnerville stands. 

Very soon after Godfrey Tarbox' s death, a Mr. Chappell, who 
owned land on the easterly or Lebanon side of the lake, innocently 
thought that he might cut down the channel of the outlet and draw 
off the water to a lower level, and so uncover lands which might be 
added to his estate. To this procedure David and Solomon Tar- 
box, whose farms lay on the western slope, made serious objection. 
The question was carried to the Colonial Assembly of Connecticut, 
and is reported in the 13th volume, p. 438, of the Connecticut Colo- 
nial Records. We copy a few sentences from this report : 

" Whereas the General Assembly holden at New Haven, second 
Thursday of Oct. 1770, upon the petition of David Tarbox and 
Solomon Tarbox of Hebron, against Joshua Chappell of Lebanon, 
praying said Assembly to take the circumstances of a certain pond 
lying partly in Hebron and partly in Lebanon aforesaid into con- 
sideration," &c. &c " Thereupon it is resolved by this Assem- 
bly that said David and Solomon Tarbox, their heirs and assigns 
have liberty, and liberty is hereby granted them to raise and flow 
said pond again to its natural level and no higher upon condi- 
tion, that they shall erect build and maintain a grist-mill or mills 
on the stream of water issuing from said pond." 

And now again, at the end of more than a hundred years from 
this colonial legislation, this lake has been before the General As- 
sembly of Connecticut on a very different issue. Mr. P. W. Tur- 
ner, from whom the village of Turnerville is named, has been 
trying to gain the same absolute ownership over this lake by 
virtue of owning or leasing all the land upon its borders, which a 
man may acquire over a piece of land. But the legislature at its 
last session (1887) decided that a man cannot establish any such 
entire and complete ownership over a body of water, — that the peo- 
ple at large have certain rights and privileges, as fishing, boating, 
bathing, &c, in these lakes and ponds, which cannot be extinguished 
or passed over to any single individual. 

26. Jonathan 4 Tarbox (Jonathan? Samuel, 2 John 1 ) was united in mar- 
riage, Aug. 22, 1722, with Mary Clough, of Boston. They lived 
in Boston, and the births of their children are taken from the 
Boston Records. Children : 

i. Mary, 5 b. Dec. 1, 1724 ; m. Nov. 10, 1743, Alexander Baker. 

ii. Jonathan, b. Sept. 18, 1726. 

iii. Abigail, b. Jan. 21, 1727 ; m. Samuel Ross. 

iv. Benjamin, b. June 26, 1729. 

v. Samuel, b. March 13, 1730 ; d. in infancy. 

vi. James, b. May 29, 1732. 

vii. Samuel, b. March 10, 1733 ; d. in infancy. 

viii. William, b. Aug. 23, 1732 ; is believed to be the William Tarbox who 
m. Jan. 31, 1757, Rebekah Dow, of Pel ham, N. H. They lived in Pel- 
ham. Their son John, 6 b. June 23, 1758, m. Mar. 3, 1779, Ruth Butler, 
dau. of Jonathan and Ruth Butler, of Pelham. They had 8 children. 
Of these, John, 7 b. June 6, 1701, whose wife was Mrs. Cynthia Kim- 
ball, of Methuen, was the father of Hon. John K. Tarbox, who was b. 
in xMethuen, May 6, 1838, and d. in Boston, May 28, 1887. Mr. Tarbox 
was a man greatly honored and beloved. He had served for some years 
.as Representative and Senator in the Massachusetts legislature, had 

1888.] John Tarbox and his Descendants. 39 

been Mayor of Lawrence, Member of Congress, and in the last years of 
his life Massachusetts Commissioner of Insurance. The City of Lawrence 
gave him a public funeral, and he was buried from the City Hall, 
Wednesday, June 1, 1887, with impressive services and the highest 
tokens of respect and love. 

ix. Elizabeth, b. May 23, 1737 ; d. in infancy. 

x. Samuel, b. Nov. 10, 1738. 

xi. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 8, 1742. 

xii. George, b. Aug. 30, 1745. 

xiii. John, b. April 14, 1748. 

Jonathan Tarbox made his will in 1767, and died not long after. 

27. Samuel 4 Tarbox, Deacon ( Thomas? Samuel? John 1 ) was united in 

marriage, April 20, 1737, with Mary Cue. They lived in Wen- 
ham, where, from 1761 to his death in 1784, he was deacon of the 
church. Children : 

i. Mary, 5 b. March 12, 1738 ; m. Jonathan Moulton. 

ii. Rebecca, b. Sept. 30, 1739 ; m. Josiah Moulton. 

iii. Anna, b. March 4, 1742 ; m. Daniel Conant. 

iv. Eunice, b. Feb. 28, 1744 ; m. George Raymond. 

v. Robert Cue, b. Jan. 15, 1746 ; died in early life, 

vi. Susannah, b. March 30, 1748 ; m. Samuel Raymond, 

vii. Thomas, b. Feb. 26, 1750 ; d. in 1751. 
viii. Thomas, b. March 11, 1752 ; d. April 2, 1752. 

ix. Lydia, b. Sept. 16, 1753 ; m. Richard Hood. 

Dea. Samuel died in Wenham in 1784, his wife having died be- 
fore him. He left a good estate, and made Richard Hood, his son 
in law, executor of his will. 

28. Samuel 4 Tarbox [Joseph? Samuel? John 1 ) was united in marriage 

with Deborah Say ward, of Ipswich, 1767. They lived first at Glou- 
cester, but soon removed to New Gloucester, Me. Children : 

i. Samuel, 6 b. 1768 ; m. Rebecca Stinchfield ; d. 1856. 

ii. Sally, b. 1770 ; m. John Morgan ; d. 1864. 

iii. Deborah, b. 1772 ; m. Joseph Woodbury; d. 1857. 

iv. Abby, b. 1773 ; m. John Nash ; d. 1845. 

v. Mary, b. 1775 ; m. John Pike ; d. 1825. 

vi. Susan, b. 1777 ; m. William Royal; d. 1841. 

vii. Rebecca, b. 1780; m. William Trask ; d. 1841. 

viii. Deliverance, b. 1783 ; d. 1836. 

ix. William, b. 1784 ; m. Judith Haskell, 1860. 

x. Joseph, d. in infancy. 

Samuel Tarbox died in 1801. His wife Deborah died in 1802. 

29. William 4 Tarbox (Joseph? Samuel? John 1 ) was united in marriage 

with Lydia Atwell, September 23, 1779. They lived in Lynn. 
Children : 

i. Lydia, 5 b. Oct. 27, 1781 ; m. Mr. Redfern. 

ii. Mary, b. Dec. 23, 1785 ; m. Mr. Burrill. 

iii. William, b. Feb. 23, 1788; m. Dolly Hill, 

iv. Anna, b. Oct. 29, 1789 ; m. Mr. Alley. 

v. John, b. June 12, 1791 ; d. April 16, 1861. 

vi. Samuel, b. Sept. 23, 1795. 

William Tarbox, Sen., died Jan. 29, 1828. His wife died Sept. 
18, 1829. His son William was appointed administrator, Nov. 16, 

40 Remarks on Mr. Waters' s English Researches. [Jan. 


By Abneii U. Goodell, Jr., A.M., President of tlje New England Historic 

Genealogical Society. 

Roston, JVov. 1, 1887. 
Mr. Dean : 

At your request I send you herewith for publication in the 
Register a copy of my remarks in introducing Henry Fitz-Gilbert 
Waters, A.M., on the occasion of his address before the N. E. H. 
G. Society on the afternoon of Wednesday, March 2, 1887. 

The society — although founded to aid genealogical as well as 
historical investigations — has, I think wisely, always refrained 
from offering to make special researches in genealogy. Such a 
course would inevitably be considered as involving a guaranty of the 
correctness of the results obtained, and an assurance that the sources 
of information explored under our sanction or by our authority, had 
been exhausted, — an undertaking which, in the light of the discove- 
ries made by Mr. Waters in fields so intelligently and industriously 
worked in vain by others, it would be extremely injudicious for us 
to assume. Very truly yours, A. C. Goodell, Jr. 

The business specially assigned for this afternoon is to listen to what our 
honored associate, Mr. Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters, of Salem, has to tell us 
of his labors in Somerset House, and elsewhere in England, in procuring 
what he modestly calls " gleanings " from the rich stores of materials there 
deposited, illustrative of the transatlantic history of such of our American 
families as are descended from English-speaking ancestry. These re- 
searches necessarily broaden so as to comprehend numerous allied families, 
some of them of historic renown in Great Britain and Ireland, whose sur- 
names are not to be found in cis-Atlantic records ; and judging from what 
Mr. Waters has already given us in the fifteen instalments of these glean- 
ings, separately printed from The New England Historical and Gene- 
alogical Register, and forming a series of transcendant value and in- 
terest to genealogists, we can scarcely indulge in too extravagant expecta- 
tions for the future. 

To those who have kept the run of Mr. Waters's researches as printed in 
the Register, and have attentively read the admirable prefaces with which 
the chairman of the committee on English Research has introduced the re- 
prints of some of these articles, it were worse than idle for me to offer a 
word in explanation of the plan Mr. Waters has mapped out for his work, 
and pursued with commendable persistency notwithstanding the temptation 
to deviate from it in order to gratify his inclination to oblige those who 
feel impatient to have him occasionally direct his inquiries particularly 
to the pedigrees of individual families in which they are, respectively, 
interested. But with your permission I will assume that some of us have 
not fully understood his plan, and that a brief prefatory explanation by 
me will, therefore, be acceptable, although it may possibly trench upon the 
field which we have agreed to resign to him exclusively to-day. 

1888.] Remarks on Mr. Waters's English Researches. 41 

Briefly, then, Mr. Waters's method is to examine all the records between 
certain dates, seriatim, keeping a sharp lookout for everything possibly in- 
dicative of the slightest connection with known American families. Some- 
times, undoubtedly, this method will involve the necessity of a review of 
some portion of the field explored by him ; but that is rendered compara- 
tively easy by the exclusion of such records as may have already proved 

I am sure that some of us, before we fully comprehended the advantages 
of his method, were inclined to doubt whether it was as judicious as that 
of special genealogical searches for particular families. Our late lamented 
associate, Mr. Chester, was a successful investigator in that line. He never 
found it an interruption to entertain any new and special subject of inquiry 
presented by his numerous American correspondents, and his researches 
were conducted so intelligently, and with such accuracy and thoroughness, as 
to excite our admiration and make us feel, when he was cut off in the 
midst of his labors, that his loss was irreparable. But the comparative 
results attained by these investigators, each unexcelled in his chosen meth- 
od, leave no doubt whatever of the superiority of the plan adopted by Mr. 

Mr. Chester would, I am sure, if he were living, approve of the method 
of his successor, which has been so fruitful of astonishing results, and join 
heartily in declaring that much of his valuable time, although most intelli- 
gently and most faithfully employed, had been misspent. 

An illustration of the difference between the two methods may be found 
in the researches of these gentlemen respecting the ancestry of John Rog- 
ers of Dedham, from whom are descended several distinguished divines and 
laymen in Essex County in this commonwealth. Mr. Chester, although him- 
self descended from the Rev. Nathaniel Rogers of Ipswich, had succeeded, 
much against his will, in clearly disproving the current tradition — a tradition 
accepted by Hutchinson in his History of Massachusetts, and later so ably 
defended by Augustus D. Rogers, Esq., the accomplished genealogist of 
the Essex-county family — that the Ipswich minister, who was a son of John 
of Dedham, was descended from the martyr of Queen Mary's reign ; still, 
notwithstanding what seemed an exhaustive research, Mr. Chester failed 
to establish the true pedigree. This it was left to Mr. Waters to do most 
effectually, by his method of proceeding through the records page by 
page, and gleaning all apparently relevant matter until he found the 
clew. His researches and discoveries relating to this family are the sub- 
ject upon which he has been invited to speak to-day. Before we listen to 
his discourse, however, let me read to you an extract from the last of three 
letters written by Col. Chester to Mr. Augustus D. Rogers. These letters 
from Mr. Chester are dated respectively, 13 January and 17 February, 
1877, and 9 March, 1878. They give us an idea of the zeal and industry with 
which that distinguished genealogist had pursued the object which led him 
into the paths of genealogical research, and show the depth of his disap- 
pointment at his inability to continue the Rogers pedigree beyond Richard 
of Weathersfield. 

It redoubles our sympathy and causes poignant regret to observe, in view 
of Mr. Waters's discoveries, that Mr. Chester was thus baflled in the pur- 
suit of an object so dear to his heart, and which, had ho known it, lay 
almost within his grasp, and would assuredly have been attained by him 
had he followed the course adopted by his fortunate successor. Hear him : 

42 Remarks on Mr. Waters' } s English Researches. [Jan. 

March 9, 1878. 

You must recollect that I take as deep an interest in the Rogers pedigree as 

you or any body else can, as there is no doubt about my descent from Rev. John 
Rogers of Dedham, and iF I had been able to add anything to what I have hereto- 
fore published, 1 should have done so. I have been pursuing these inquiries here 
for now nearly twenty years, and you may be sure that I have left no 6tone 

The other letters, which I will not detain you by reading, were even 
more positive in the assurance that " If any further progress is ever made 
[in these inquiries] it will be by accident;" and he adds in the letter last 
quoted, " But my impression is that the earlier ancestors of the family were 
of a rank in life so humble that they never got into the public records. If 
I could think of anything more to do, you may be sure that I would do it. 
.... My Rogers collections are enormous, and I know of nothing that 
has escaped me." 

You will have learned, before we adjourn, that Mr. Chester's prediction 
that the discovery of any traces of the Rogers line before Richard would 
be accidental, was not verified, and that Mr. Waters's success in tracing 
the line was the result of the comprehensive and regular method adopted 
by him upon mature deliberation and pursued with patient industry. 

In like manner Mr. Waters's discoveries relating to the parentage of the 
founder of our oldest University, with which all are familiar, were shrewdly 
anticipated by a guess which Mr. Chester ventured to communicate to the 
editor of the Register a short time before his death, though at the same 
time he, with the instinct of a true genealogist, modestly declined to claim 
it as a discovery until it should be corroborated by unquestionable proof. 
The process of consecutive ''gleaning" would undoubtedly have led him 
on to the demonstration which Mr. Waters has made, of the date of birth 
and the family connections of him who has, not irreverently, been called 
by one of our most eminent historical scholars, "the Melchisedec of New 
England" Let us remember that, in pursuit of some satisfactory trace of 
the parentage of John Harvard, the late Hon. James Savage, that indefati- 
gable student of New England genealogy, nearly fifty years ago, crossed the 
Atlantic, but failed to find more than his signature and the mention of his 
name anywhere recorded. He is known to have declared '' that he 
would gladly have given five hundred dollars to get five lines about him in 
any capacity, public or private." 

I take this opportunity to ask such of you as may have been expecting 
from Mr. Waters interesting fragments concerning pedigrees in which you 
are particularly interested, to consider whether or not the results already 
attained by him have proved the wisdom of his course, and at the same 
time to entreat you not to be impatient for items which will assuredly be 
"gleaner]" in due time, if they are in existence, and then be brought out 
with such a wealth of important concomitant facts, ramifying in numerous 
directions, as to make the acquisition all that the most curious genealogist 
could desire. 

Another subject which I cannot too earnestly press upon your attention, 
is our need of funds to carry on the work already so triumphantly prose- 
cuted. I trust I shall not be charged with exaggeration if I express the 
opinion, that nothing in the career of this society has reflected greater credit 
upon it than the more than 200 octavo pages of Genealogical Gleanings 
contributed by Mr. Waters. Indeed, I think you will agree with me, that 
in view of the difficulty of procuring this material — the short time daily 

1888.] Remarks on Mr. Waters' s English Researches. 43 

I knQ'or the inspection of the public records in England (which numer- 

m the /chers are equally desirous to examine at the same time), and the 

assure f learning and experience required not only in decyphering the 

patrcgd and obsolete chirography and the abbreviated phrases in barbarous 

I hafechnical Latin, with which the records of the English ecclesiastical 

h on ts abound, but also the intimate and rare knowledge of our domestic 

a tyily history, absolutely necessary to qualify any person for the work, 

ese researches, when completed, cannot be ranked in importance below 

Ir. Savage's great work, the Genealogical Dictionary of New England. 

. sav this remembering all the difficulties that Mr. Savage must have en- 

;ountered, but at the same time not forgetting the assistance he received 

From a multitude of co-workers, and the facilities afforded by our system 

of public registration. 

Mr. Waters's first visit to England on the business of searching the rec- 
ords, was in 1879. He sailed on his second voyage May 5, 1883, and at 
once began the labors in Somerset House which he had planned after the 
experience he had gained in his first visit to Emgland. Here by his special 
skill in interpreting the records, and the generous interest he manifested in 
the labors of others whom lie there found engaged in similar researches, 
and the aid he ever cheerfully afforded to these co-workers, he soon began 
to enjoy exceptional opportunities for prosecuting his labors with the great- 
est economy of time, and secured the cooperation of his fellow-workers, 
who generously reciprocated his attentions to their wants. 

This briefly outlines the manner of Mr. Waters's employment abroad, 
which would have been productive of proportionally greater results if the 
amount subscribed for the prosecution of his work had been huge enough 
to have enabled him to employ copyists to do the drudgery which he was 
forced to perform with his own pen, by which the amount of time allotted 
to his principal and chosen work — that of research — was greatly diminished. 
Much delay and discomfort also were caused by the uncertainty of his em- 
ployment. There was a constant anxiety attendant upon the doubt as to 
whether or not his remittances were to be continued after what had been 
already subscribed for him had been exhausted, and upon the uncertainty 
of the prospect of securing a permanent fund, yielding a fixed income, 
which his friends had assured him they should labor to obtain. These 
anxieties wore upon his health, until at length he was obliged to return 
home to recuperate. I am most happy to be able to report that his health 
has been restored, and that he is ready and even anxious to recommence 
his labors abroad. I invite you to consider seriously the project of raising 
the necessary fund for this purpose, and to use your utmost endeavors to 
carry it through successfully. 

I have heard inquiry made as to how this society happened in an espe- 
cial manner to be the patron of this work. The answer to this inquiry is 
simple, and may as well be given now, even at the risk of further defer- 
ring Mr. Waters's address, for which I feel sure he will pardon me, under 
the circumstances. The following extracts from our records tell the story. 
I read first from the record of the Board of Directors for Tuesday, Octoher 
3, 1882. 

Mr. Hassam spoke upon the desirability, since the death of Col. Chester, of having 
a competent person in London to make genealogical researches for the English an- 
cestry of American families. Several persons having expressed a wish that Mr. 
Henry F. Waters, of Salem, a member of the publishing committee of this society, 
could be induced to take up his rebidence in London and engage in such researches. 

44 Remarks on Mr, Waters 's English Researche L Jan « 

1 ft^ft 
subject, and had offered to devote his tim V 

igrees of American families, if $1500 a ye; ° r , 

He had been consulted on the sul 

ligation of the English pcdi^ 
yean OOuld be secured to him. Mr. Waters spent several months in Engl?*/ ° u l lu 
or two ago, with very satisfactory results. On Mr. Hassam's motion, a c . °" 
was chosen, consisting of John T. Bassam, Hon. James W.Austin and*/ , iere 
Dean, to consider the matter of opening a subscription to raise the money, 6 one 
open sueli a subscription if they deemed it advisable. 

A true copy from the record of the Board of Directors of the New Englarfven 
toric Genealogical Society. Attest, John \V\ Dean, ule 

Secretary of the Bc >t 

I will next read from the same records for Tuesday, May 1, 1883. 

Mr. Hassam, chairman of the committee to raise funds to employ Mr. Waters 
visit England and engage in genealogical researches for the society, reported th 
upwards of two thousand dollars had been subscribed for that purpose. On hk 
motion, it was 

Voted, That the committee on English Records be, and they hereby are, author- 
ized to secure the services of Henry F. Waters on such terms as may seem to them 
expedient, provided, however, that this society be not made pecuniarily liable in a 
sum exceeding that which shall be subscribed and paid in for the purpose of search- 
ing said records. 

A true copy from the record of the Board of Directors of the New England Histo- 
ric Genealogical Society. Attest, John Ward Dean. 

Secretary of the Board 

The subscription lists started in accordance with this authorization, were 
most generously circulated by and among members of sister societies — nota- 
bly the Massachusetts Historical Society, many leading members of which 
have not only manifested the warmest interest in Mr. Waters's researches, 
but have been ever ready to contribute towards defraying the expense oi 
the work, and to solicit subscriptions from others. 

It is most gratifying to remember this cordial cooperation in a good 
work. Let us hope that the spirit of hearty good will thus exhibited will 
ever continue to exist between all societies engaged in a common pursuit, 
though in lines not always coincident, and, perhaps, by means not produc- 
tive of results, in all respects, equally valuable to the general historian. 
The leading specialities of this society are local history and genealogy, and 
these researches of Mr. Waters are legitimately and peculiarly within the 
latter province. We therefore confidently, and as a matter of right and 
duty, appeal to the lovers of American history everywhere to iissist us in 
this great and most promising enterprise to dispel the obscurities which 
have hitherto shrouded the antecedents of those men of great and good in- 
tentions, who rescued the territory now possessed by their descendants from 
the savage tribes that here held feeble sway in what we may properly call, 
as applied to this western hemisphere, prehistoric times. 

Those early immigrants who, though they "builded better than they 
knew," and who cannot, in the inexorable judgment of history, escape 
censure, especially if tested by the high standards of our present civiliza- 
tion, were our common progenitors, of whom it is our pride to believe 
that, notwithstanding their failings, they were not inferior, in all that con- 
stitutes nobility of nature and loftiness of aim, to the contemporaneous an- 
cestry of any people on the face of the earth. Everything, therefore, 
which tends to bring out more vividly and particularly the incidents and 
surroundings of their early lives, and to show by what influences their 
characters were moulded, and from what sources their peculiar ideas were 
derived, it should be the eoininon interest "I' all to endeavor to obtain with- 
out a jealous thought as to the channel through which the information is 

1888.] Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. 45 

I know you will join me in disclaiming any sol fish desire for precedence 
in the claim to merit for Mr. Waters's discoveries. So that we may he 
assured that the good work will he continued to the end, the credit of 
patronizing it we consider a secondary matter; and 1 venture to affirm that 
I have your full concurrence in adding that we are willing to divide the 
honors, or yield them altogether, rather than have this invaluable work 
abandoned, or even longer suspended. 

But I must no longer detaiu you from the pleasure of listening to Mr. 
"Waters, whom I have now the honor to present to you. 



By Franklin Leonard Pope, of Elizabeth, N. J. 
^HOMAS POPE is said by Savage to have been an inhabitant 

of New Plymouth in 1G31, and to have been 67 years of age 
in 1675. Although the authorities for these dates have not been 
found, there is no reason to doubt their correctness. If born in 
1608 he would have been 21 years of age in 1629, and it may be 
conjectured that he came to this country soon afterward. We are 
told in Blake's Annals of Dorchester, that 

In y e year of our Lord 1629, Divers Godly Persons in Devonshire, 
Somersetshire. Dorsetshire & other places Proposed a remoue to New-Eng- 
land, among whom were two Famous Ministers, viz Mr. John Maverick 
(who I suppose was somewhat advanced in Age) and Mr. John Warham 
(I suppose a Younger Man) then a preacher in y e City of Exon or Exe- 
ter, in y c County of Devon. These good People met together at Ply- 
mouth, a Sea-port Town in y e S d County of Devon, in order to Ship them- 
selues and Families for New England ; and because they designed to Hue 
together, after they should arriue here, they met together in the iSew Hos- 
pital in Plymouth and Associated into Church Fellowship and y c 
S' 1 Mr. Mauerick and Mr. Warham to be their Ministers and Officers; the 
Rev. Mr. John White of Dorchester in Dorset (who was an active Instru- 
ment to promote y c Settlement of New England, and I think a means of 
procuring y e Charter) being present & Pleaching ye fore part of ye Day 

and in y e latter part of y e Day they performed y'* work aforesaid 

They set sail from Plymouth ye 20th of March, 1629-30,* .... and ar- 
rived at Nantasket (now Hull) y e *J0tli of May 1630. 

These colonists settled at Mattapan in June, 1630, and gave their 
settlement the name of Dorchester. 

The surname of Pope was \evy common at that day, and is still 
common in Devon, Dorset and Somerset. It is not improbable that 
Thomas Pope and John Dope were among the passengers of the 
Mary and John. John was a freeman of Dorchester, September .'5, 
1634, and in his will (1646) he mentions a brother Thomas, who 

* The vessel was the Mary and John, of 400 ton.-, commanded by Capt. Sqn lb. 


46 Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. [Jan. 

is supposed, with some reason, to be Thomas of Plymouth.* Ano- 
ther of the same surname known to have emigrated from England, 
was Joseph of Salem, 1634; there are also Walter of Charlestown, 
1634, Thomas of Stamford, Conn., 1641, and John, who is listed 
as an emigrant to "Virginia" in 1635, aged 28. What relation, if 
any, existed between these different persons and Thomas of Ply- 
mouth, can only be conjectured. A family of the name settled in 
Kent as early as the reign of Edward III. (1327-77), among the 
Oxfordshire descendants of which were Sir Thomas Pope (died Jan- 
uary 29, 1558-9), guardian of Queen Elizabeth during her minor- 
ity. The continual recurrence of the names Thomas and John in 
the Kentish families, as well as amon^ those bearing the surname 

7 o o 

in the west of England and in this country, would appear to indi- 
cate a common descent. 

Of the life of Thomas Pope little is known beyond the brief en- 
tries which appear in the records of the town and colony of Ply- 
mouth, but these are sufficient to show that he was a man of posi- 
tive character, and of some consideration in the communitv. His 
promptness in resenting a real or fancied injury, and his independent 
expressions of personal opinion, more than once caused him to be 
arraigned before the magistrates of New Plymouth, and no doubt 
ultimately led to his removal to Dartmouth, where he passed the 
last ten years of his life. 

The records of the colony show that in the list of rates imposed 
by the Court, January 2, 1632-2, and again January 2, 1633-4, 
he was taxed 9s. October 6, 1636, he was granted five acres of 
land " at the fishing point next Slowly field, and said Thomas be 
allowed to build." June 7, 1637, we find his name among the list 
of persons who volunteered to go under " Mr. Prence " on an ex- 
pedition against the Pequots. July 28, 1637, he was married by 
Gov. Winslow to Ann, daughter of Gabriel Fallowell. He sold 
his property at the fishing point to John Bonham August 29, 1640, 
perhaps on account of the death of his wife, the precise date of 
which event is unknown. 

November 2, 1640, he was granted " 5 acres of meadowing in 
South Meadows toward Gavans Colebrook meadows." His name 
appears in a list, August, 1634, entitled, "The names of all the 
males that are able to beare amies from XVI years old to 60 years 
wth in the seuerall Toune Shipps." He was chosen constable June 
4, 1645, and was on a jury August, 1645. In 1646 he is found 
in Yarmouth. May 29, 1646, he married at Plymouth, Sarah, 
daughter of John Jennev. In 1647, June 1, an action for slander 
was brought against him, confessed, authors and defendants were 

* Rev. Charles Henry Pope, of Farmington, Me., has in press a genealogy of the Dor- 
chester Pope family, with notices of other American families of the name. The results of 
Mr. Pope's personal researches into the history of the English Pope families are of great 
interest, and will be given in full in his work. 

1888.] Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth, 47 

brought in equally guilty, and damages paid. He was chosen sur- 
veyor of highways July, 1648, and again June 6, 1651. In 1652, 
July 26, and in 1656, he is "on an Enquest." In "December, 
1663, Thomas Pope and Gyles Rickard, Seni'r " were arrested 
"for breaking the King's peace by striking each other, and were 
fined each three shillings and four pence;" and "said Pope, his 
striking of said Rickards' wife, and for other turbulent carriages, 
in word and deed, the Court have centenanced him to find sureties 
for his good behavior." But nevertheless his temper soon got the 
better of him again, for we find him, Feburary 7, 1664, and also 
May 2, 1665, quarrelling with one John Barnes about that fruitful 
subject of dispute, a boundary. He is recorded as having taken the 
freeman's oath in 1668. In 1670, June 7, he was again overhauled 
by the authorities, and as the record says, " fined 10 shillings for 
vilifying the ministry." Although he was now over 60 years old, 
these troubles doubtless influenced him in the determination to seek 
a new home, and accordingly we find him with others petitioning 
the Court in 1673 for a grant of land at Saconnett (now Little 
Compton, R. I.). For some reason not ascertained, this project 
was unsuccessful, for it appears in the record that he is " Granted 
leave since he and others cannot secure Saconnett neck according 
to the grant, to look out some other place, undisposed of, for their 
accommodation." Acting upon this permission, he secured a large 
tract on the east side of the Acushnet river at Dartmouth, tradition 
says by direct purchase from the Indians. This location, however, 
must have been included within the prior purchase made by Brad- 
ford, Standish and their associates, from the sachems Wesamequen 
and Wamsutta, on November 29, 1652, which had been, by order 
of the Court in June, 1664, erected into a separate township to 
K be henceforth called and known by the name of Dartmouth." At 
a meeting of the proprietors of this purchase, held in Plymouth 
March 7, 1652, the township was divided into thirty-four equal 
shares, and hence it seems likely that Thomas Pope may have ac- 
quired one of the shares. A list made in 1652 shows that his 
mother-in-law, " Mistris Jenney," was one of the Dartmouth pro- 
prietors, and two of her sons, Samuel and John Jenney, were among 
the early settlers of D. in the immediate vicinity of the Popes. 
Another original proprietor of Dartmouth was Robert Bartlett, 
whose son Joseph married, about 1662, Hannah, daughter of Tho- 
mas Pope by his first wife. The date of the removal of Thomas 
Pope to Dartmouth has not been ascertained, but it must have been 
about 1674. The settlement at Dartmouth was a scattered one, 
and for better security and defence against the Indians, who had 
already begun to evince a hostile disposition, a fort or garrison house 
was built on the east side of Acushnet river, about half a mile north 
of the village of Oxford, the remains of which were visible until a 
recent date, on the lands of John M. Howland. 

48 Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. [Jan. 

In the early part of July, 1675, his son John, a young man 
of 22, his daughter Susannah and her husband Ensign Jacob 
Mitchell, were killed by a party of Philip's Indians, "early in the 
morning as they were fleeing on horseback to the garrison, whither 
the Mitchell children had been sent the afternoon before " (Register, 
xv. 266). This occurrence took place near the " frog pond " on 
the south side of Spring Street, between William and Walnut, Fair- 
haven. The settlement at Dartmouth being isolated, scattered and 
difficult of defence, was shortly abandoned, and the deserted plan- 
tations were quickly laid waste and the buildings burned by the 

The following order of Court passed by the government at Ply- 
mouth, is of interest here : 

[1675, 4th of October.] This Court, takeing into theire serious considera- 
tion the tremendus dispensations of God towards the people of Dartmouth, 
in suffering the barborus heathen to spoile and destroy most of theire habi- 
tations, the enimie being greatly advantaged therevnto by theire scattered 
way of liueing, doe therfore order, that in the rebuilding or resettleing therof, 
that they soe order it as to Hue compact together, att least in each village, as 
they may be in a capassitie both to defend themselues from the assault of 
an enimie, and the better to attend the publicke worship of God, and minnes- 
try of the word of God, whose carelesnes to obtaine and attend vnto, w r ee 
fear, may haue bine a prouocation of God thus to chastise theire contempt 
of his gospell, which wee earnestly desire the people of that place may seri- 
ously consider off. lay to hart, and be humbled for, with a sollisitus indeauor 
after a reformation thereof by a vigorous puting forth to obtaine an able, 
faithfull dispenser of the word of God amongst them, and to incurrage him 
therein, the neglect whereof this Court as they must not, and, God willing, 
they will not prmit for the future.* 

No attempt appears to have been made for some three years to 
reoccupy the ruined settlement. Where Thomas Pope and his fam- 
ily found an asylum during this time, has not been ascertained. 
The following extract from the Plymouth records perhaps serves to 
throw a glimmer of light upon this question : 

Wheras Phillip, late sachem of Paukanakett, and other sachems, his 
accomplises, haueing bin in confeaderation and plighted couenant with his 
ma ties collonie of New Plymouth, haue lately broken couenant with the 
English, and they and theire people haue likewise broken out in open re- 
bellion against our sou r lord Kinge Charles, his crowne and dignitie, ex- 
pressed by raising a crewell and vnlawfnll warr, murdering his leich peo- 
ple, destroying and burning theire houses and estates, expressing great 
hostillitie, outrage, and crewell ty against his said ma tlcs subjects, wherby 
many of them were psonally slaine, and some bereaued of theire deare 
children and relations, among which said rebells an Indian named Popa- 
nooie is found to be one, who hath had a hand, and is found to be very 
actiue in the great crewelty and outrage acted vpon seuerall of the inhabi- 
tants of the towne of Dartmouth, in the said his ma ties collonie of New Ply- 

* Book 5th, Court Orders, p. 102. 

£££ i q Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth, 49 


1 ' Dtici ou ^' ^ ar to being manifest that bee was very active towards and 

i° U 'tl ( i est - nn ey v ruction of geuerall of the children of Thomas Pope, late of 

J 30 " , £ HANNrsaid, and seuerall others of the said towne ; in considera- 

al n , /• „ mooter due examination had of the pmises, this Court doth 
on wheror a i m » 

i r rieiJdren lne am * centance him, the said ropanooie, and Ins wite and 

eF n t E Seth P etua ^ servitude, they likewise being found coeptenor with 

( -' e ti i c. ; Susa/I rebellion, and pticularly that bee, the said Popanooie, is to 

m , , i ' " hit out of the country. fJuly 13, 1G77.1 
\ and t }, J L J J 

sei3 also that about a year previous to this (June 12, 

.' Th Indians who bad been captured and sent in by Brad- 

r\ ( i v. SAR'burcb were tr convented before the councell " at Ply- 

ip , s&cr w such of them as were accused of working vnsuffera- 

I- i ^ie upon some or ours. 

One of these prisoners, named John-num, being accused by his 
fellows, acknowledged, among other misdeeds, that he was con- 
cerned in tbe murder of " Jacob Mitchell and his wife and John 
Pope, and so centance of death was pronounced against them, which 
accordingly emediately was ekecuted."* 

The following order of Court relating to the resettlement of Dart- 
mouth explains itself. 

To John Cooke, to be comunicated to such of the former Inhabitants of 
Dartmouth as are concerned herein. 

The councell being now assembled, considering the reason and necessitie 
of that order of the Generall Court made the 14 tn October, 1675, respect- 
ing the rebuilding or resettleing the Towne of Dartmouth, a copy wheof 
is herewith sent, and considering withall that all the people of that phi/at 
by theire deserting it, haue left it to the posession of the enimie, which, 
through the ijood hand of God on the indeauors of this colonie is now 
recouered a«;aine out of the enimies hand, do soe much the more look at 
it as a duty incombent on this councel to see the said order effectually at- 
tended, doe therfore hereby prohibite all and euery of the former inhabi- 
tants of the said towne of Dartmouth, or theire or any of theire assigns, to 
make any entrance on, building, or settleing in any pte of the said former 
townshipp of Dartmouth vntill satisfactory eccuritie be first given to the 
Court or councel by some of the principal gsons heretofore belonging to 
that place, that the said Court order shall in all respects be attended by 
them, as the transgressors of the prohibition will ansvvare the contrary att 
theire pill.f 

Of the subsequent history of Thomas Pope little is known beyond 
what may be gathered from his will, which is as follows : 

1G83. July the 9th. The last will and testament of Thomas Pope, 
being Aged and weak of body but yet in perfect understanding and memory 
wherein I have of my estate as followeth ; I give unto my son Seth as an 
addition to what I have formerly given him ten shillings in money also I 
give unto my grandson Thomas Pope all that my twenty-five acres of up- 

* Plymouth Col. Rec. Ms. v. 141-2. 
f Book 5, Court Orders, p. 124. 

VOL. XL1I. 5* 

50 Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth 

K cav 

land and two acres of meadow lying and being on the west ayoun L 

enett River be it more or less, and it is my desire that his fatkjo-n. ", j^- 

the said land into his hands and make the best improvement b^rly ii'vV^ \- "ke 
can for the good of my said grandson until lie comes of age tcL "whitV **^ \ J 
it himself: also it is my mind that my son Seth shall in coiJo' '& l Vtv n 

i • i i i * .1 i * v * liMOISTEivp .use « 

the aforesaid land pay three pounds sterling unto my grar „ vvt/ . ( 

Mitchell when lie comes to aire of twenty one years. Also ' l )0n(l O^ta 1 
my daughter Deborah Pope five pound in money, and to eacliM'nit. I^air-rt) '^ 
daughters live pound a peace in money; also my meddow ottered and ^ 
south Meddowes in Plymouth or the value of it. I give to be eerted plan- 
ed amongst all my sons and daughters ; also I give and bequehed bv the l f j 
son Isack all my seate of land where I now dwell with all th v * j 

belonging thereunto' and all the privilages thereunto belonging, i. ^ Plv- ^ Ai 
heirs and Assigns forever, but and if it should please god that " ^ ie rl 

decease without an heir before he comes to the age of tweiuv ami one 
years, then my said seat of land shall belong unto the sons of my son Seth. 
Also I give unto iny son Isaack all my housing and household goods of all 
sorts, also all my cattle and horse kine and swine; Also all sorts of pro- 
visions, also cart and plowes with all the takeling belonging unto them. 
Also I give unto my said son Isaack all my money except that which I have 
given to my daughters, and I order my said son Isaack to pay all my just 
debts and to receive all my debts that are due unto me also I order my 
Indian Lydia to live with my son Isaack until he is one and twenty years 
of age, and my Indian gerle I give to him during his life, also it is my 
mind and will that my son Isaack shall make no bargain without the con- 
sent of his overseers until he be twenty years of I have made 
choice of John Cook, and my son Seth and Thomas Taber to be for over- 
seers to see this my will performed. Thomas Pope his J mark. 

f ;l j r i"gned and sealed in presence of 
Tohn Cook 
and Thomas Tabor. 

Isaac and Seth Pope took out letters of administration on the 
estate November 2, 1683 : which approximately fixes the date of 
the death of Thomas. Thev gave bonds in £400. 

The homestead farm conveyed by the above will to Isaac Pope, 
contained 172 acres, and comprised the larger portion of the thickly- 
settled portion of the present town of Fairhaven. Its north line 
was a little south of the south line of the street leading" east from 
the bridge. 

Before the Acushnct cemetery was laid out, which was during the 
reign of Queen Anne, about 1711, an acre of the Taber farm, half 
a mile or more north of the bridge, on a point of land projecting 
into the river, bad been set apart for a burial ground, and it is there 
that Thomas Pope was probably buried. 

In the following genealogy, in cases where the state is not given, 
Massachusetts is to be understood. 

Thomas 1 Pope, born in 1G03; died in Dartmouth in October, 1683 ; 
married first, in Plymouth, Jan. 28, 1637, Ann, daughter of Gabriel 

and Catherine Fallowell, of Fly mouth ; married seeond. iu Ply- 

1888.] Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. 51 

mouth. May 10, 1646, Sarah, daughter of John and Sarah (Carey) 
Jenney, of Plymouth. Child of Thomas and Aim, b. in Plymouth : 

i. Hannah, 2 b.1639; d. March 12, 1710;* m. Joseph Bartlett, of Ply- 
mouth (b. 1639, d. 1703). Seven children. 

Children of Thomas and Sarah, born in Plymouth: 

2. ii. Sbth, b. Jan. 13. 10 IS ; d. March 17, 1727. 

iii. Susannah, b. 1649; d. July, 1075; m. Nov. 7, 1000, Jacob Mitchell. f 
"Ensign." They were both slain by Philip's warriors, "early in 
the morning as they were going to the garrison, whither they had 
sent their children the afternoon before." This was in Dartmouth. 
Three children. 

iv. Thomas, b. March 25, 1051 ; probably died young. 

v. Sarah, b. Feb. 14. 1052; in. first, Nov. 13, 1676, Samuel Hinckley; m. 
second, Aug. 17, 1098. Thomas Euckins. Twelve children. 

vi. John, b. March 15, 1053; d. July, 1075. lie was killed by Philip's 
warriors while fleeing to the Dartmouth garrison. 

vii. Joanna, d. about 1095; m. March 15, 1083, John Hathaway, of Dart- 
mouth. Six children. 

3. viii. Isaac, b. after 1003 ; d. 1733. 

Second Generation. 


Setii 2 Pope ( Thomas 1 ), b. in Plymouth, Jan. 13, 1648 ; d. in Dartmouth, 
March 17. 1727. The records give no information concerning his 
early history. Tradition, in part confirmed by the records, says that 
about 1670 he appeared as a pedler in Sandwich, whereupon the 
constable, in pursuance of a regulation then in force, ordered him 
to depart, lest in future he might become a charge upon the town, 
lie accordingly withdrew, taking occasion, however, to remark that 
be would yet come back and buy up the town. Procuring a boat 
at Monument, he followed the coast round to Acushnet, where he 
settled within the present limits of Fairhaven, and by bis industry; 
energy and skilful business management ultimately became one of 
the most wealthy and influential citizens of the old colony. 1678— 9, 
March 8, an allowance was ordered by the Court to Ik; made him 
for expenses and time returning guns to the Indians after Philip's 
war; 1685, June 2, was chosen selectman of Dartmouth; 1080, 
March 4, took the oath of fidelity; June 2, again chosen selectman; 
June -1. commissioned lieutenant. He was chosen representative 
from Dartmouth to the General Court, at Plymouth in 1089 and 
1690; magistrate for Bristol County, July 7, 1 09 1, and justice of 
the peace in Dartmouth, May 27, 1692. He is named as one of 
the fifty-eix proprietors of Dartmouth in the confirmatory deed of 
Gov. Bradford in 1091. June 12, 109;"), he appeared in Boston in 
behalf of bis townsmen, to urge an abatement of'la.ves. I le appears 
to have been for many years largely interested in the coastwise 
trade, and had a wharf and warehouse at Acushnet. In 1698 he 
was part owner of the sloop Hopewell, and in 17<»!) of the sloop 
Joanna and Thankful In 170'), byway of fulfilment of his pro- 

* The gravestones of Joseph and Hannah Bartlett are <>u Burial Hill in Plymouth. 
t The so-called "Carver house," probably the oldest house now standing (1887) in 
Plymouth, was built in pai r by Jacob Mitchell, who was a carpenter, and in it lie lived after 

marriage until he removed' to Dartmouth. It i.s on the west side of Sandwich Street, 
about twenty rods south of the bridg 



Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. [Jan. 

mise made thirty years before to the Sandwich constable, he pur- 
chased a large amount of realty in that village, including the grist- 
mill, fulling-mill and weaving-shop, which was valued at the time 
of his death at £3460. His estates in Dartmouth were extensive 
and valuable, comprising several farms and dwelling houses, a saw 
and grist-mill, a well-stocked store and warehouse, and other prop- 
erty, amounting in all to more than £15,000 — a large sum for those 

lie married first (date and place unknown), Deborah (born 

1655, died Feb. 19, 1711), and second (date and place unknown), 

Rebecca (born 1GG2, died Jan. 23, 1741). Children of Seth 

and Deborah, born in Dartmouth except the first and perhaps the 
second : 

4. i. John. 3 b. Oct. 23, lf>75 ; d. Nov. 18, 1725. 

ii. Thomas, b. Sept. 1, 1677. Was a mariner, and was concerned with his 
father in the coastwise trade. Was master in 1702 of sloop Hopewell, 
trading between Boston and Connecticut. Married first (date and 
place unknown), Elizabeth Manser, of Oharlestown (b. 1672), and 
second, July 16, 1702, Elizabeth Handley, of Boston (b. 1680, d. Jan. 
29, 1725-6). He must have died some years prior to 1720, as in that 
year Ins widow is mentioned in his father's will as " my former 
daughter-in-law, now wife of Lt. John Chipman of Sandwich." 
Names of his children, if any, have not been ascertained. 

iii. Susannah, b. July 31, 1681 ; d. Feb 5. 1760; m. Dec. 31, 1701, Jona- 
than Hathaway, of Dartmouth. Two children, perhaps others. 

iv. Sarah, b. Feb. 16, 1683 ; d. Sept. 29, 1756 ; m. " Ensign " David Pea- 
body, of 'Box ford. Eleven children. 

v. Mary, b. Sept. 11, 1686 ; in. 1720, Charles Church, of Freetown. 

5. vi. Seth, b. April 5, 1689 ; d. Nov. 23, 1744. 

vii. Hannah, b. Dec. 14, 1693(?) ; in. Rev. Samuel Hunt. Five children. 

6. viii. Flnatiian, b. Aug. 15. 1694 ; d. Feb. 8. 1735-6. 

7. ix. Lemuel, b. Feb. 21, 1696; d. May 23, 1771. 

Isaac 2 Pope. In bis father's will Isaac is mentioned as being tben 
(July, 1683) under 20 years of age. He lived with his father on the 
homestead farm at Acushnet (Dartmouth), now covered by the 
thickly-settled village of Fairhaven, south of the bridge. He is 
named as one of the Dartmouth proprietors in the confirmatory deed 
of Gov. Bradford in 1694, having inherited the homestead after the 
death of his father in 1683. He had a wharf and warehouse at 
Aenshnet. .Married (date and place unknown) Alice Mind (died 
1755). Children, born in Dartmouth: 

i. Abigail, 3 b. Dec. 23. 1687 ; m. John Jenney, of Dartmouth. Six ch. 

ii. Margaret, b. June 30, 1690; m. March 14, 1715-16, Elnathan Pope, 
Dartmouth. (2. viii.) 

iii. Deb rah, b. April 25, 1693; m. March 8, 1729, Samuel Spooner, of 
Dartmouth. Three children. She was his second wife. 

iv. Thomas, b. April 6. 1695 : m. about 1720, Reliance, daughter of Rev. 
Nathaniel Stone (b. April 23, 1703). Children recorded in Dart- 
mouth : 

1. Joanna* b. April 5, 1721. 

2. Amaziah, b. Jan. 31, 1722-3 : m. March 28, 1745, Sarah Mosher. 

3. Ahiyail, b. Jan. 15, 1725-6 ; m. Jan. 17, 1754, Peter Wash- 

burn, of Taunton. 

4. Rachel, b. Feb. 1, 1726-7. 

V. Isaac, b. Sept. 10, 1697 ; m. March 23, 1729. Lydia Mitchell, of Kings- 
ton (b. 1710). Children recorded in Dartmouth: 
1. Joanna, 4 b. Nov. 8, 1731. 

1888.] Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. 53 

2. Susanna, b. Jan 7, 1734-5. 

3. Lydia, b. March 3, 1736-7. 

4. Thankful, b. April 31, 1742. 

5. iscrr/c, b. July 3, 1744; d. June 21, 1820; m. in 1706, Olive 

(Jordan) llovey. of So. Rochester. Eleven children. lie joined 
Col. Cotton's Plymouth regiment, upon the " Lexington 
alarm" in 1775; was commissioned Lieut. May, 1775; Capt. 
in Shephard's 4th reg't, Jan. 1, 1777 ; Major 3d reg't, Oct. 12, 
1782. Was on the staff of Brig. Gen. John Sullivan. Removed 
his family to Wells, Me., in 1779 ; purchased and lived in the 
"old garrison house." Many descendants are in Wells and 
Kennebunk, Me. Two of his sons, John Sullivan 5 and Ivory, 5 
were mariners during the war of 1812. The latter was im- 
pressed by the British and never again heard from. 

6. Betty, b. Dec. 10, 1750. 
vi. Joanna, b. March 31, 1700. 

8. vii. Elnathan, b. Aug. 14, 1703; d. May 15, 1794. 

Third Generation. 

John 3 Pope (Seth 2 ). He was born Oct. 23, 1675, after his parents were 
driven from Dartmouth by Philip's warriors, but where they found 
refuge has not been ascertained, perhaps at Plymouth or Sand- 
wich, possibly in Rhode Island. Died Nov, 18, 1725, in Sandwich. 
His gravestone in Sandwich cemetery is probably the oldest one 
in America bearing the name of Pope. Married first, about 1699, 
Elizabeth, daughter of Mrs. Patience (Skiff) Bourne, of Sand- 
wich (died April 15, 1715). Married second, Oct. 3, 1717, Mrs. 
Experience (Hamblen) Jenkins, of Barnstable (born March 28, 
1093). Children of John aud Elizabeth, all, except perhaps the 
first, born in Sandwich : 

9. i. Setii, 4 b. Jan. 3, 1700-1 ; d. 1769. 

ii. Deborah, b. Jan. 6, 1702-3 ; m. Tobey. 

iii. Sarah, b. March 25, 1705-6; m. Jan. 1, 1726-7, Zaccheus Tobey, of 

iv. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 3, 1706-7. 
10. v. Thomas, b. 1709(?) ; d. March 25, 1784. 
vi. Mary, b. Dec. 1713. 

Children of John and Experience, born in Sandwich : 

vii. Ezra, b. April 3. 1719; m. Au<r. 18, 1748, Sarah Freeman, of Sandwich, 

and settled in Newport, R.I. Children: 1. Experience, b. Nov. 9, 

1762 ; 2. Sarah. (?) 
viii. Joanna, b March 3, 1721-2. 
ix. Charles, b. Feb. 28, 1724-5; d. after 1770; m. Dec. 3, 1749, Judith 

Nnith, of Norwalk, Conn. (b. Aug. 21, 1728). Children, born in 

Nor walk : 

1. Sarah, b. May 21, 1751. 

2. Joanna, b. April 24, 1754. 

3. Robert, b. Feb. 15, 1756. 

4. Charles, b. March 22. 1758. 

5. Judah, b. Nov. 22. 1760. 

6. Ezra, b. Dec. 22, 1762 ; removed to Ohio about 1820. 

7. John., b. dun. 15, 1764. 

8. Lewis, b. Oct. 7, 1766; m. 1st, Rebecca Jewell; m. 2d, Rhoda 

Bale; settled in Otsego Co., N. Y. Eleven children. 

9. Edward, b. Jan. 15, 1770; d. Jan. 23, 1*57; m. 1-t. Sarah Rich- 

ards, of Norwalk (b. 177:5, <1. 1822) ; m. 2d, Mis. Abigail Good- 
rich (lister of preceding) ; m. 3d, Lucinda Carter. Four 
children. Descendants in Otego, N. Y. 

54 Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. [Jan. 


Setii 3 Fori-: (Set/*). Born in Dartmouth, April 5, 1G89 ; died in Sand- 
wich. Nov. 23, 17 1 I. lie probably settled in Sandwich as early as 
1709, where his father owned a grist-mill, fulling-mill and weave- 
shop, of which lie was placed in charge. This property was given 
him by his father's will, with the somewhat peculiar provision that, 
in case he did not keep the works in proper repair, the executors 
were from time to time as found necessary, to take charge of and 
repair them, and operate them until the expenditures had been re- 
paid. Nevertheless, in October, 17-'54, we are told that " a com- 
mittee waited upon the miller, Mr. Pope, to know if they could not 
be better served in grinding their corn." Married first (date and 
place unknown), Hannah, dan. of Mrs. Patience (Skiff) Bourne, 
of Sandwich (born May 4, 1G89, died March 18, 17-44-5). Child- 
ren, born in Sandwich : 

i. Abigail, 4 b. Au«\ 2, 1710 ; in. Isaac Parker, 

ii. Bathsheba, b. Dec. 2, 1713. 

11. iii. John, b. Nov. 25, 1710 ; d. Feb. 8, 1762. 
iv. Mary, bapt. 1720. 

v. Hannah, b. April 25, 1720. 
vi. Elisha, bapt. July 28, 1723; d. August, 1723. 
vii. Patience, b. Nov. 2!), 1725; m. J. Wooster. 
viii. Elisha, b. July 28, 1729. 

Elnatitan 3 Pope (Seth 2 ). Born in Dartmouth, Aug. 15, 1694; died 
same place, Feb. 8, 1735-6. He lived for a time on an estate be- 
longing to his father in a locality called Springbrook, which came, 
with other lands, into his possession upon the death of his father in 
1727. Married March 14, 1715-16, his cousin Margaret, daughter 
of Isaac Pope (3. ii.) (born June 30, 1600, died May 22, 1776) 
Children, born in Dartmouth : 

i. Sarah, 4 April 26, 1715 ; m. Nov. 27, 1753, Moses Washburn, Jr. 

ii. Joanna, b. Feb. 20, 1717-18. 

iii. Thomas, b. July 12, 1720; d. Nov. 19, 1732. 

12. iv. Isaac, b. March 12, 1723 ; d. Dec. 9, 1793. 
y. Deborah, b. March 26, 1726. 

13. vi. Seth, b. April 15, 1729; pub. Feb. 3, 1752, to Sarah Winslow, of Roch- 

ester (b. 1732-3, d. 1775). Child, Hannah, b. March 8, 1756. 

vii. Hannah, b. May 20, 1732 ; d. July 21, 1802; m. Isaac Vincent, of Yar- 

viii. Margaret, b. June 13, 1735; d. Jan. 8. 1793 ; pub. Jan. 29, 1754, to 
Chillingsworth Foster, of Rochester. Eight children. 

Lemuel 3 Pope (Seth 2 ), "Captain." Born in Dartmouth, Feb. 21, 
1696; died same place, May 23, 1771. He inherited most of the 
extensive estate of his father, lying within the present limits of Fair- 
haven ; was captain of militia and a prominent citizen. His will is 
in Taunton probate records. Married Feb. -1. 1719. Elizabeth, 
daughter of Ephraim Hunt, of D. (born 1697, died July 2, 1782). 
Children, born in Dartmouth : 

14. i. Seth, 4 b. March 4, 1719-20 ; d. June 9. 1802. 

ii. Deborah, b. Dee. 9, 17-Ji ; m. Sept 20, 1715. Nath'l Gilbert, of Berkley. 
iii. Ann. b. March 24, 1724 ; in. Sept. 20, 1715, Lemuel Williams, of 

iv. Rebekah, b. May 11, 1720 ; d. Dee. 8, 1786. 

1888.] Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. 55 

v. Rebekah (airain) , b. Nov. 17, 1727 : m. Sept. 6, 1750, Zaccheus Mayhew. 

vi. Mercy, b. Jan. 20, 1729-30 ; m. " Capt." Church. 

vii. Lemuel, b. March 12, 1732; d. Dec. 13. 1796; m April 10, 1700, Mary 

Newcomb, of Sandwich (b. 1727, d. Dec. 12, 1808). Children, b. in 

Dartmouth : 

1. William, 5 b. March 13, 1761. 

2. Timothy, b. Jan. 29, 1763 ; d. April 29, 1771. 

3. Jonathan, b. Feb. 10, 1765. Other children were Eunice, 1770, 

and Sarah, b. 1774, d. Oct. 27, 1777. 
viii. Samuel, b. Dec. 17, 1734; d. Sept. 22, 1831; "Captain;" published 
first, June 29, 1760, to Elizabeth Akin, of D. (b. Jan. 4, 1745, d. Nov. 
30, 1792) ; m. second, March 19, 1795, Patience Tobey. Children of 
Samuel and Elizabeth : 

1. Abigail, 5 b. June 14, 1764 ; d. April 19, 1804. 

2. Elizabeth, b. June 4, 1767 ; d. Nov. 1, 1856 ; m. Jan. 24, 1793, 

Benjamin Hammond. 

3. Ebenezer Akin, b. June 12, 1769; d. March 26, 1828; m. first, 

Hannah Kelly (b. 1777, d. May 12, 1803) ; m. second, Rebecca 
Allen (b. 1775, d. May 2, 1813). 

4. Lemuel, b. Sept. 27. 1771. 

5. Ruth, b. March 14,1774. 

6. Silvia, b. Feb. 2, 1777. 

7. Elihu, b. May 27, 1779. 

8. Lois, b. June 28, 1781 ; d. May 6, 1848. 

9. Silas, b. Oct. 23, 1783; d. Feb. 24, 1862. 

10. Lorincj, b. Feb. 18, 1786 ; d. July 14, 1859; m. Sarah . 

11. Lucy, b. June 6, 1788. 

12. Louiy (?) . 

13. Patience. 

14. Reliance, b. 1796; d. Dec. 28, 1817. 

ix. LouiN (Luen), b. May 8, 1737; d. about 1792 ; m. Mary West, of Dart- 
mouth ; removed to New Braintree in 1778. Children : 

Asa 5 Louen, Thomas, and others. Descendants in Burlington, Vt., 
and Norwich, Ct. 
x. Elizabeth, b. May 20, 1739 ; m. Lemuel Newcomb, of Sandwich. 
xi. Joseph, ) . A . ,, 17i9 f m. Hannah Pope (10, iii.). 


£ 0SKPH ' \ b. May 15, 1742 ; { ?"S?55 h fnfo 

Richard, > I d. May 27, 1/42. 

Elnathan 3 Pope [Isaac 2 ). Born in Dartmouth, Aug. 14, 170,3 ; died 
May 15, 1794. He lived in Dartmouth, and on the death of his 
father in 1734, inherited the ancestral estate of his grandfather Tho- 
mas Pope the emigrant, on the present site of Fairhaven. Married, 
Nov. 12, 1727, Rebecca Mitchell, of Kingston (born 1705, died 
Nov. 30, 17G4). Children, all born in Dartmouth : 

Deborah, 4 b. Nov. 9, 1730 ; d. young. 

ii. Elnathan, b. Jan. 2, 1735. 

iii. Rebekah, b. Jan. 3. 1737. 

iv. Jacob, b. Jan. 12, 1738. 

v. Ichaboo, b. April 7, 1741; d. 1795: removed to S. Bridgewater; m. 
widow Pope. 

vi. Freeman, b. April 5, 1744 ; m. Nov. 3, 1705, Phebc Spooner. Descend- 
ants in Enfield. 

vii. Edmon, ''Captain/' b. Dec. 9, 1748; d. Feb. 22, 1827; m. Catherine 
. Children : Rebekah, b. 1782, d. May 10, 1800 ; Elnathan, Free- 
man, and probably others. 

Fourth Generation. 

Setii 4 Pope (John, 3 Seth 7 ). Born in Sandwich, Jan. :;, 1701; died 
17G9. lie was a respected citizen of that town, and was frequently 

56 Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. [Jan. 

chosen to fill positions of public trust. In 1749 lie removed to Leb- 
anon, Conn., whore he bought a farm at the north end of " Town 
Street." In the spring of 1759 he sold this property and purchased 
a large tract on the borders of Plainfield and Yoluntowu, Conn., 
where is now the village of Sterling Hill. In 17G0 was rated £45 
10s. among the tax-payers of the "old society" of Plainfield, Ct. 
April 28, 17G2, admitted inhabitant of Voluntown. March 1, 1762, 
he conveyed his homestead to his sons Seth, Jr., and Gershom. 
Married, June 22, 1719, Jerusha, daughter of Gershom and Meheta- 
ble (Fish) Tobey, of Sandwich (born March 23, 1697-8); Oct. 3, 
1769, his son Seth was appointed administrator of his estate. 
Children, all born in Sandwich : 

i. Ichabod, 6 b. Sept. 5, 1720 ; d. young. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 3, 1721 ; m. Jan. 15, 1746-7, Joshua Phinney, of 

iii. Deborah, b. Feb. 23, 1725 ; m. May 13, 1742, Israel Clark, of Plymouth. 

iv. John, b. April 24, 1727; m. Oct. 4, 1751, at Lebanon, Conn., Sarah 
Athearn of Martha's Vineyard. Dec. 28, 1762, his father conveyed to 
him a farm in Plainfield and Voluntown, Conn., where he was rated 
£38 14s. in 1763. Was at Coventry, R. I., Oct. 25, 1764. Child : 
1. Betty* b. May 15, 1755. 

v. Mehetable, b. May 27, 1729; m. Jan. 15, 1746-7, Benjamin Fish, of 
15. vi. Seth, b. April 19, 1731 ; d. 1774. 

vii. Gershom, b. Dec. 18, 1733 : d. young. 

viii. Elnathan, b. Aug. 16, 1735; m. Nov. 13, 1754, Hannah Tilden, of 
Lebanon, Conn. 

ix. Ichabod, b. Jan. 27, 1740. Nov. 26, 1762, his father gave him a home- 
stead in that part of Voluntown which is now Sterling, probably about 
the time of his marriage to Freelovc (Briggs?), on which he was taxed 
£27 in 1763. In 1772 he bought land in that part of Gt. Barrington 
afterwards set off to Alford, describing himself as of Plainfield, Conn., 
and sold the same in 1793, being then of Saratoga, N. Y. April 8, 1793, 
he was at Cooperstown, N. Y. Oct. 27, 1798, he bought a farm on 
the west shore of Otsego Lake. He was living there Jan. 7, 1810. 
Two of his children were Benjamin* Polly. 

x. Gershom, b. Aug. 22, 1743; d. March 22, 1810. " Captain. " March 
1, 1762, his father gave him half the homestead farm on the eastern 
edge of Plainfield, Conn. About this date he married Hannah Smith 
(b. March 25, 1742, d. Feb. 9, 1830). He served in the northern army 
under Arnold and Gates, and attained the rank of captain. Feb. 3, 
1779, sold his property in Plainfield and removed to Vermont. Sub- 
sequently, June 9, 1792, purchased a large tract in what is now Bur- 
lington, Otsego Co., N. Y., where he settled and remained until his 
death. Was a man of strong character and unblemished integrity. 
Children : 

1. Phebe* b. Oct. 22, 1762; d. July 19, 1843; m. Joseph Smith. 

2. Jedediah, b. Sept. 15, 1764; in. Lucy Angel. Thirteen children. 

3. Deborah, b. Oct. 22, 1766; d. Jan. 16. 1846; m. William Monroe. 

4. John, b. Dec. 15, 1768 ; d. July 26, 1855 ; m. Alice Brooks. 

5. Timothy, b. Jan. 16, 1771. 

6. Inquire, b. Jan. 16, 1773 ; m. Sally . 

7. Seth, b. Dec. 6, 1775; d. about 1857; m. first, Julia Angel ; 

second, Hannah May. Twelve children. Descendants in Cort- 
land, N. Y. 

8. Gates, b. March 5, 1778; d. in Columbus, Chenango Co., N. Y., 

July 21. 1840 ; removed with his lather to Vermont, and thence 
to Burlington, N. Y., in 1792. Lived in Exeter, N. Y., 1808 to 
1814. Afterwards removed to Columbus. Married Dec. 25, 
1796. "Betsey" Brooks, of Burlington, N. Y. (b. Sept. 9, 
1777^ d. Oct. 16,1842). Children, born in Burlington, Exeter 
and Columbus : 1. Alice Brooks, 7 b. Aug. 1, 1797. 2. John, b. 

1888.] Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth, 57 

Dec 29, 1798 ; d. Sept. 12, 1878, near Forestville, Chautauqua 
Co., N. Y. ; m. July 19, 1818, Frances, daughter of Earl and 
Abigail Eaton, of Edmeston, N. Y. (b. June 22, 1798, d. June 
4, 1885). Children: Horatio Gates, 8 b. Sept. 5, 1819; dies- 
ter, b. Feb. 8, 1821 ; Abigail, b. Jan. 15, 1823; Harrison, b. 
Oct. 25, 1824 ; Almona, b. June 11, 1826 ; Betsey, b. March 31, 
1828 ; Leonora, b. June 15, 1830 ; Stephen Mather, b. Nov. 15, 
1831 ; Daniel Eaton* b. Aug. 5, 1833 ; John William, b. May 
1, 1835 ; Mary Ann, b. April 22, 1837; Sarah Ann, b. Dec. 8, 
1839. 3. Horatio Gates, b. Dec. 12, 1800 ; d. July 14, 1803. 
4. Arnold, b. April 23, 1802. 5. Asa, b. Nov. 14, 1803. 6. 
Chester, b. Aug. 25, 1805 ; d. Sept. 13, 1806. 7. James, b. 
July 26, 1807. 8. Sidney, b. April 18, 1809. 9. Betsey, b. 
July 25, 1812. 10. Timothy, b. Aug. 15, 1814. 11. Gershom, 
b. Sept. 21, 1816. 12 and 13. Mary Ann and Sarah Ann, b. 
July 26, 1818. 14. Horatio Gates, b. Dec. 22, 1820. 15. Solo- 
mon, b. Dec. 22, 1822. 
9. Arnold, b. March 5, 1778. 

10. Hannah, b. May 19, 1780 ; m. Uriah Farmer. 

11. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 12, 1782; m. William Thomson. 

12. Jerusha, b. Jan. 6, 1787 ; d. March 9, 1788. 

Thomas 4 Pope (John, 3 Seth 2 ). Born in Sandwich, 1709; died March 
25, 1784. Resided in Sandwich, and afterwards in Dartmouth near 
the junction of Acushnet Avenue and the Fairhaven road. His 
dwelling was the first building burned by the British troops after 
leaving the "head of the river " in their raid of 1778. Married 

first, Sept. 26, 1735, Thankful Dillingham, of Harwich (born 1718, 
died April 13, 1756) ; and second, Alice Jenney (born 1718, died 
Oct. 21, 1805). Children of Thomas and Thankful, first two born 
in Sandwich, others in Dartmouth : 

i. Lydia, 5 b. May 18, 1738 ; m. Joseph Ripley. 

ii. Edward, b. Feb. 15, 1739-40 ; d. June 10, J818 ; m. first, Elizabeth Bul- 
lard ; second, Mrs. Elizabeth Greenleaf Eliot, of Boston. He was a 
leading citizen of New Bedford, and had a mansion at the corner of 
Main and North Sixth Streets. He was Judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for Bristol County, and subsequently for many years col- 
lector of the port of New Bedford. Children : 

1. Edward* b. July 18, 1787; d. Feb. 15, 1842; m. Charlotte 


2. Thomas, b. April 7, 1789 ; d. March 3, 1872; m. Emily Brown. 

3. Juliana, b. Oct. 10, 1791 ; d. Oct. 5, 1792. 
iii. Hannah, b. Nov. 29, 1743 ; m. Joseph Pope (7. xi.). 

iv. Joanna, b. Oct. 30, 1748 ; d. Sept. 25, 1813 ; m. Nov. 17, 1769, Simeon 

v. Sarah, d. Dec. 25, 1750 ; d. Dec. 17, 1782 ; ra. Feb. 9, 1775, Paul Swift, 
vi. Thankful, b. May 29, 1753 ; d. Nov. 22, 1769, unm. 
vii. Elizabeth, b. April 8, 1756; d. Dec. 20, 1835 ; m. (about 1777) Lemuel 


Child of Thomas and Alice: 

viii. Nabby, b. Nov. 11, 1761 : d. Nov. 16, 1831; m. Jan. 4, 1791, Capt. 
William Gordon, an officer of the Revolution. She was his second 

* Daniel Eaton 8 Pope, to whom the writer is indebted for much valuable assistance in 
this work, is a graduate of Madison University, 1859 ; a lawyer, and prominent citizen of 
Cornvvall-on-Hudson, N. Y. He married in Cornwall, Aug. 18, 1862, Anna Silliman, daugh- 
ter of William V. and Mary (Jessup) Dusinbcrre (b. Oct. 4, 1839). Children : 1. William 
Harold, 9 b. Jan. 9, 1864. 2. Francis G. Eaton, b. July 8, i860. 3. Mary Jessup, b. April 
30, 1869. 4. Daniel Webster, b. Oct. 3, 1871 ; d. Dec. 3", 1866. 5. Leonora, b. Dec. 22, 1873. 
6. Philip Sidney, b. Dec. 29, 1876. 7. John Auyusius, b. May 8, 1879. 8. Benjamin Frank- 
lin Victor, b. March 6, 1881. 

58 Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth, [Jan. 

John 4 Pope {Seth* Seth 9 ). Born in Sandwich, Nov. 25, 1716; died 
same place, Feb. 8, 17G2. Married Oct. 25, 1734, Mercy Swift 
(born 1719, died 1815). Children, born in Sandwich: 

i. Lois, 5 b. May 25, 1738 ; m. Cornelius Tobey. 

ii. Elisiia, b. Nov. 1, 1740; d. Feb. 1, 1809; m. Feb. 15, 1761, Joanna 
Tobey. Children : 

1. John, 6 b. July 8, 1762; d. in Maine, March 4, 1829; m. Mary 

Freeman, of Sandwich. 

2. Warren. 

3. William, b. 1769; d. March 2, 1845. 

4. Eliska, b. 1781 ; d. March 8, 1860. 

5. Lewin, m. Temperance Parker. 

iii. Lemuel, b. April 23, 1743; d. April 9, 1827; m. Oct. 25, 1764, Mary 
Butler, of'Sandwich (b. March 19, 1745, d. May 11, 1839). Children: 

1. Daniel 6 b. April 10, 1766; d. Oct. 24, 1772. 

2. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 1, 1768 ; d. Sept. 27, 1773. 

3. Thomas, b. Dec. 17, 1771; d. Feb. 1, 1841; m. May 21, 1795, 

Lucy Bourne (b. Sept. 26, 1778. d. Nov. 1, 1845). Ten child 'n. 

4. Daniel Butler, b. Feb. 15, 1773 ; d. May 1, 1773. 

5. Abigail, b. Jan. 23, 1775 ; d. Oct. 16, 1848 ; m. Ansel Bourne. 

6. Lemuel, b. Jan. 30, 1777; d. Aug. 3, 1851 ; m. Sarah Belknap 


7. Mary, b. March 31, 1780; d. March 6, 1803, unm. 

8. Joseph Henry, b. May 22, 1782 ; d. Sept. 27, 1860. 

9. Mercy, b. Au£. 12, 1784; d. Sept. 29, 1826. 

10. Seth, b. May 29, 1786; d. March 13, 1863 ; m. Hannah Crocker. 
iv. Hannah, b. May 28, 1745. 
v. Abigail, b. July 28, 1749. 

Isaac 4 Pope {Elnathan* Seth"). Born March 12, 1723; died Dec. 9, 
1793. Very little has been learned of his history. He is thought 

to have lived at or near Dartmouth. Married Sarah (born 

1726, died March 2, 1795). They are buried in Acushnet ceme 
tery. Of their ten children, the names of but two have been ascer- 
tained, as follows. (The remaining eight were daughters.) 

ix. Jonathan. 5 Removed to Ohio in 1819. Many of his descendants live 
in Strongsville in that state. Children : 

Thankful, m. Nash ; Margaret, m. first, Elijah Lyman. 

second, Peter D. Wellman ; Ansel Jenne, m. L ucinda Brittan. 
x. Worth. "Captain." Children: 

1. Sally, m. Sylvester Ames; d. 1875 at Door Creek, Wis.; 2. 
Isaac; 3. Reliance; 4. Charles; 5. John; 6. Mary Ann. 

Seth 4 Pope (Elnathan, 3 Seth 2 ). Born April 15, 1729. He lived per- 
haps in Rochester. Published Feb. 3, 1752, to Sarah Winslow, of 
11. (born March 23, 1732-3, died Aug. 20, 1775). His name ap- 
pears in the muster roll of the company of Capt. Abial Pierce, in 
Col. Nicholas Dyke's regiment, which served in the continental 
army, having enlisted from Rochester. Two of his children were : 

i. Hannah, 5 b. July 2, 1753 ; d. Aug. 9, 1753. 
ii. Hannah (again), b. March 8, 1756. 


Seth 4 Pope (Lemuel, 9 Seth 2 ), "Col." Born March 4, 1719-20; died 
June 9, 1802. lie lived in Dartmouth; was one of the leading men 
in the colony, both in civil and military affairs, during the revolu- 

1888.] Genealogrj of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. 59 

tionary period, and held a commission as colonel. July 18, 1774, 
he was chosen on a committee by his townsmen to report what ac- 
tion ought to be taken respecting British taxation. The commit- 
tee's report, earnestly recommending non-importation of goods from 
the mother country and the raising of funds in aid of the Congress, 
was adopted by the town and ordered to be published. In conse- 
quence of his activity as a patriot leader, his dwelling at Acushnet 
was burned by British troops in 1778, having been pointed out to 
them by a tory neighbor. Married July 30, 1741, Abigail Church 
(born 1719, died May 8, 1778). They are buried in Acushnet 
cemetery. Children : 

i. Richard, 5 b. Dec. 22, 1742 ; d. Nov. 21, 1808. Mariner and shoemaker. 
Lived in Fairhavcn ; removed in 1770 to Plainfield, Conn., and in 1803 
to Middlefield, Otsego Co., N. Y. Married about 1765, Innocent Head, 
of Little Compton. He died while on a visit to New Bedford. Chil'n : 

1. Benjamin* b. 1766 in Dartmouth ; d. Jan. 4, 1854, in Hartford, 

Washington Co. N. Y. ; ra. 1793, Margaret Foster. 

2. Job, m. Feb. 3, 1792, Sarah Dennison, of Voluntown, Conn. ; was 

of Cherry Valley, N. Y., 1813, Middlefield, N. Y., 1816, and 
was living in 1828. 

3. Lemuel, was of Middlefield, N. Y., 1810 and 1838. 

4. Caleb. 

5. Seth, b. Dec. 5, 1783 ; d. Feb. 21, 1869 ; m. (date unknown) Re- 

becca Delano, of New Bedford (b. May 25, 1786, d. Feb. 21, 
1869). He was of Middlefield, N. Y. Ten children. 

6. Deborah, m. Joseph Nichols. 

7. Mercy. 

8. Lydia. 

9. Ruth, m. first, Constant Wetmore ; second, James Hazard. 
10. Nathaniel. 

ii. Alice, b. Jan. 18, 1744; d. May 7, 1778; m. Feb. 9, 1764, Ebenezer 

iii. Nathaniel, b. June 22, 1747; d. July 17, 1817. Lived in Fairhaven ; 
was lieutenant in command of a volunteer naval expedition, which on 
May 14, 1775, recaptured two provincial vessels from the British sloop- 
of-war Falcon. This occurred in Buzzard's Bay, and was the first 
naval action of the Revolution. (Ricketson's Hist. N. Bedford, 291.) 
Married Oct. 14, 1790, Mary Barstow, of Mittapoisett (b. Nov. 15, 
1762, d. May 12, 1851). Children: 

1. Nathaniel* b. July 29, 1791; d. May 19, 1822. 

2. Wilson, b. Sept. 14, 1793 ; d. Jan. 8, 1879 ; m. Sept. 8, 1824, 

Sarah Eldridge. 

3. Gideon, b. Jan. 1, 1796; m. July 26, 1831, Jane D. Cunningham. 

4. Joshua Loring, b. July 19, 1798; d. March 17, 1883; m. Oct. 

17, 1831, Anna Sophia Barstow. 

5. Alice, b. May 9, 1802; d. April 23, 1863. 

6. Lucy Barstow, b. March 9, 1805; m. Sept. 27, 1832, Rowland 

Fish, of Fairhaven. Both living in 1887. 

iv. Innocent, b. Dec. 8, 1749. 

v. Epbraim, b. July 20, 1759. 

vi. Yet Setii, b. April 15. 1755 ; d. Oct. 17, 1820 ; m. first. Thankful Fos- 
ter (b. March 27, 1761, d. Oct. 31, 1792) ; m. eerond, Mrs. Margaret 

(b. Aug. 13, 1762, d. April 12, 1848). Children of Seth and 

Thankful : 

1. Child, 9 b. and d. Sept. 6, 1785. 

2. Abigail, b. Oct. 21, 1788. 

3. Enos, b. July 5, 1795; m. first, July 16, 1823, Loia Alden (d. 

Dec. 2, 1823) : m. second, Abigail Haskell (d. Feb. 23, 1836); 
in. third, Jane R. Heustis. 

4. Thankful, b. Jan. 3, 1797; in. Thomas Shaw. 

5. Sarah, b. July 31, 179H. 

6. Orpha, b. April 7, 1800; d. May 10, 1838. 

60 Genealogy of Thomas l?ope of Plymouth. [Jan. 

7. Margaret, b. Jan. 8, 1802. 

8. Seth, b. Oct. 16, 1803 ; in. Mary Henwood. 

9. Ephraim, b. Aug. 8, 1807 ; d. May 31, 1874. 

Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Generations. 

Seth 5 Pope (Seth, 4 John, 3 Seth 2 ). lie removed with his father to Leb- 
anon, Conn., in 1749; married about 1750, Martha, daughter of 
Ebenezer and Lydia (Lothrop) Bacon, of L. (born Nov. 6, 1734). 
March 1, 17G2, his father conveyed to him the homestead iu Vol- 
untown, now Sterling Hill, Conn. He was killed by being run 
over by a cart, in September, 1774. Children : 

i. Ansel, 6 b. 1751 (?) ; m. Anne . Took oath of allegiance, Volun- 

town, April 19, 1781. .Removed from thence in spring of 1783 and 
settled in Exeter, N. Y. Descendants in New Berlin, N. Y., and Jack- 
son, Pa. Child : 

1. Hannah, 1 b. April 7, 1780. Other children were Ansel, Allen S., 
Abraham, William, Thomas and Seth. 

ii. Lothrop, b. 1753 ; d. 1841, in Keeseville, N. Y. About 1790 he remov- 
ed to Saratoga, now Northumberland, N. Y., and in 1831 to Keese- 
ville. .Married about 1791 Abigail Newell, of Washington Co., N. Y. 
Children : 

1. Abigail, 1 b. Nov. 19, 1792. 

2. Seth, d. unm. about 1831, Northumberland, N. Y. 

3. Martha, d. unm. 

4. Martin, was living in 1830, Northumberland, N. Y. 

5. Susan. 

6. Elizabeth, m. Richard H. Peabodv, of Yonkers, N. Y. 

7. Mary, b. May 5, 1809 ; m. Samuel Ball, of Kahway, N. J. 

8. Lothrop, b. Feb. 28, 1813 ; d. at Keeseville, N. Y. ; m. Mary 


iii. Hannah, b. 1757 ; d. April 12, 1814; m. Zechariah Fairchild,* of Great 
Barrington, Mass. Nine children. One of these children was Fran- 
ces 1 b. March 27, 1797, who m. Jan. 11, 1821, at Great Bnrriugton, 
William Cullen Bryant, poet and journalist. 

iv. Seth, d. August, 1802, in Georgetown, S. C, unm. He was a master 

v. William, b. 1763(?) ; d. Nov. 1799, in St. Albans, Vt. He went from 
Voluntown, Ct., to Sheffield, probably about 1781, appearing in the 
tax-list of S. in 1784. He removed to Great Barrington in 1789, and 
to Hubbardston, and finally to St. Albans, Vt., where he died. Mar- 
ried April 13, 1784, Rhoda Dewey, of Sheffield, who after his death 
returned to S. and m. April 26, 1801, Zebulon Spaulding, of the same 
place. Children : 

1. Calvin J., d. 1835 ; m. Abigail Kellogg. 

2. Julia Maria, 1 m. Martin Callender. 

3. Mora, m. Sarah . 

4. Almira, b. Oct. 15, 1791 ; d. March 8, 1872 ; m. Dec. 1808, Har- 

ry Day Austin. 

5. Stephen Dewey, b. April 17, 1794; d. Nov. 27, 1873; m. Mary 


6. William, b. April 23. 1800; d. Sept. 27, 1882; m. first, Anna 

Maria Fassett ; second, Sarah Ann Parmenter. Eleven child'n. 
vi. Esther, m. Philo Hamlin, of Bloomfield, N. Y. 
vii. Lydia. b. Feb. 28, 1707; d. Nov. 26, 1839; m. Aug. 17, 1789, Elijah 

Hamlin, of Bloomfield, N. Y. 
viii. Martha, m. first, John Fairchild ; second, Tyrranus Collins. 
16. ix. Euenezer, b. April 3, 1772; d. March 8, 1841. 

* In the will of her brother Seth, dated August 9, 1802, she is called " Hannah Stilles," 
which may indicate that she had been previously married. 

1888.] Genealogy of Thomas Pope of Plymouth. 61 

Ebenezer 6 Pope (Seth? Seth* John, 3 Seth 2 ), lt Captain." He was 
reared from childhood and lived until 1784 in the family of his 
maternal grandfather, Ebenezer Bacon, of Lebanon, Conn. From 
1795 to 1809 he lived in Alford and carried on a small iron works. 
In 1809 he removed to Great Barrington, where he was for many- 
years a leading citizen and a prominent mason. Was several times 
chosen selectman in Alford and G. B., and three times elected to 
the state legislature. In 1827, meeting with financial reverses, he 
removed to Verona, N. Y., but in 1831 returned to Massachusetts 
and settled in West Stockbridge, where he died, March 8, 1841. 
Married first, Dec. 17, 1800, Keziah, daughter of Simon 4 (Simon, 3 
John, 2 Simon, 1 of Kent, England, born 1605) and Anne Willard 
(born 1776, died Feb. 6, 1804); married second, Rhoda Willard 
(sister of preceding, born 1782, died Jan. 13, 1813) ; married third, 
Mrs. Zady (Prindle) Tobey (born April 5, 1777, d. Feb. 5, 1864). 
Children, born in Alford, of Ebenezer and Keziah : 

17. i. Ebenezer, 7 b. Oct. 22, 1801 ; d. Dec. 12, 1878. 

ii. Keziah, b. Feb. 6, 180.°. ; d. Aug. 29, 1868 ; m. July 6, 1826, " Capt." 
Levi Kilbourne, of Great Barrington. Three children. 

Children of Ebenezer and Rhoda, born in Alford and Gt. Barrinsrton: 

iii. Abby, b. Aug. 20, 1805; d. July 31, 1886, in Rochester, N. Y. ; m. 

Benjamin Ford, of Clyde, N. Y. Three children. 
iv. Amanda, b. Nov. 4, 1806; lives (1887) in St. Paul, Minn. ; in. Henry 

Acker, of Clyde, N. Y. Nine children. 
V. William, b. July 21, 1808; d. Jan. 15, 1884, in Quincy, Mich., unm. 

Was an extensive contractor and stock-raiser. 
vi. Martha, b. June 30, 1810 ; d. July 4, 1882, in Chicago, 111. ; m. George 

Sedgwick, of Stockbridge. No issue. 
vii. John Willard, b. Oct. I, 1812; d. Feb. 16, 1813. 

Children of Ebenezer and Zady, born in Great Barrington : 

viii. Joun, b. Aug. 2. 1814 ; d. in Maquoketa, Iowa ; m. . Children : 

1. William. 8 

2. Delphina. 

3. Adrian D. 

4. Auyusta. 

ix. Harriet, b. July 24, 1817 ; m. in Pittsfield, Nov. 3, 1887, Thomas Pet- 
tijohn, of St. Peter, Minn. 

x. Seth Griswold, b. Dec. 14, 1819. Builder and contractor. Lived first 
in Great Barrington ; removed in 1850 to O^densburgh, N. Y. ; was 
several times chosen president of that borough, and member of New 
York State Assembly. Resides (1887), at Alexandria Bay, N. Y. 
Married first, Isabella M. Carter, of Whitesboro', N. k\ (d. April 6, 
1857) ; m. second, Mrs. Harriet (Haskell) Chapin, of New Haven, 
Conn. (d. July 9, 1878). Child of Seth and Isabella, b. in Ogdens- 
burgh : 

1. Frances Elizabeth 8 b. Dec. 3, 1851 ; m. Dr. Weston, of N. York. 
Children of Seth and Harriet, b. in Ogdensburgh : 

2. Harriet Isabella, b. Sept. 13, 1864. 

3. Deodalus Haskell, b. June 28, 1868. 

Ebenezer 7 Pope (Ebenezer* Seth, 5 Seth,* John, 9 Seth 2 ). Born in Al- 
ford, Oct. 22, 1801; died in Union township. N. J., Deo. 12, 1878. 
Blacksmith and farmer. Removed with bis father to Great Ba> 
rington in 1809, and to Verona, N. Y., in 1827 ; returned to W 
Stockbridge in 1831. He afterwards lived in Great Ban-in nr on 
until 1807, when he went to Union township, N. J., with his sons. 

VOL. XLII. 6* 

62 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Married at G. B. Jan. 27, 1840, Electa Leonard, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Mary (Leonard) Wainwright (born Dec. 19, 1803, died 
in Elizabeth, N. J., Feb. 27, 1878). Children, born in Great 
Barrington : 

18. i. Franklin Leonard, 8 b. Dec. 2, 1840. 

ii. William, b. and d. Nov. 27, 1842. 

iii. Ralph Wainwright; b. Aug. 16, 1844, Union township, N. J. ; m. 
first, in South Lee, Nov. 25, 1868, Alice Ellen Judson (b. Sept. 4, 
1849, d. Oct. 31, 1880); m. second, at Great Barrington, Feb. 6, 
1884, Ruth Emma Whiting Children of Ralph and Alice : 4 

1. Ellen Lowry* b. May 27, 1870. 

2. Frank Judson, b. July 27, 1873. 

3. Gertrude Castle, b. Sept. 28, 1876. 

iv. Henry William, b. Nov. 2, 1848, Elizabeth, N. J. ; m. in Pittsfield , 
May 10, 1870. Lucy Delia Porter, of P. (b. April 23, 1851). Child'n : 

1. Grace Electa, 9 b. June, 11, 1871. 

2. William. Henry, b. Aug. 20, 1873. 

3. Irving Wainwright, b. Sept. 29, 1875. 

Franklin Leonard 8 Pope (Ebenezer, 1 Ebenezer* Seth, 5 Seth, 4 John? 
Seth 2 ). Born in Great Barrington, Dec. 2, 1840. Was telegraph 
operator in G. B., Springfield and Providence, R. I., from 1857 to 
1862; assistant engineer of American Telegraph Co. in New York 
until 1864; assistant engineer of Russo-American telegraph from 
Washington Territory to Siberia and Behring's Straits (partially 
completed and abandoned in 1867), in which capacity he made the 
first exploration of the region lying about the sources of the Skee- 
na, Stickeen and Yukon rivers in British Columbia and Alaska. In 
1867 settled in Union township, near Elizabeth, N. J., where he now 
(1887) resides. Is an electrical engineer and author, place of busi- 
ness in New York. Married in Amherst, August 6, 1873, Sarah 
Amelia, daughter of " Captain " Marquis Fayette and Hannah 
(Williams) Dickinson (born Oct. 8, 1848). Children, born in 
Union, N. J. : 

i. Son, 9 b. and d. 1874. 

ii. Hannah Dickinson, b. May 3, 1876. 

iii. Amy Margaretta, b. Aug. 9, 1873. 

iv. Franklin Leonard Wainwright, b. July 29, 1880. 

v. Seth Willard, b. Oct. 23, 1883 ; d. Nov. 13, 1883. 


By Henry F. Waters, A.M. 
[Continued from vol. xli. page 364.] 

2: April 1621. 
In the name of God Amen : I comit my soule to God that gave it and 
my bodie to the earth from whence it came. Alsoe I give my goodes as 
foiloweth That ffbrty poundes in the hand of goodman Woodes I give my 
wife tenn poundes, my sonne Joseph tenn poundes, my daughter Priscilla 
tenn poundes, and my eldest sonne tenn poundes Alsoe I give to my eld- 
est sonne all my debtes, bonds, bills (onelye yt forty poundes excepted in the 
handes of goodman Wood) given as aforesaid w tl1 all the stock in his owne 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 63 

handes. To my eldest daughter I give ten shillinges to be paied out of my 
sonnes stock Furthermore that goodes I have in Virginia as followetli To 
my wife Alice halfe my goodes & to Joseph and Priscilla the other halfe 
equallie to be devided betweene them. Alsoe I have xxj dozen of shoes, 
and thirteene paire of bootes w ch I give into the Companies handes for forty 
poundes at seaven years and if thy like them at that rate. If it be thought 
to deare as my Overseers shall thinck good And if they like them at that 
rate at the divident I shall have nyne shares whereof I give as followeth 
twoe to my wife, twoe to my sonne William, twoe to my sonne Joseph, twoe 
to my daughter Priscilla, and one to the Companie. Allsoe if my sonne 
William will come to Virginia I give him my share of land furdermore I 
give to my twoe Overseers M r John Carver and M r Williamson, twentye 
shillinges apeece to see this my will performed desiringe them that he would 
have an eye over my wife and children to be as fathers and freindes to 
them ; Allsoe to have a speciall eye to my man Robert w ch hathe not so 
approved himselfe as I would he should have done. 

This is a Coppye of M r Mullens his Will of all particulars he hathe given. 
In witnes whereof I have sett my hande John Carver, Giles Heale, 
Christopher Joanes. 

Vicesimo tertio: die mensis Julii Anno Domini Millesimo sexcentesimo 
vicesimo primo Itmanavit Commissio Sare Blunden als Mullins filie naturali 
et legitime dicti defuncti ad adininistrand bona iura et credita eiusdem de- 
functi iuxta tenorem et effectum testamenti suprascripti eo quod nullum 
in eodem testamento nominavit executorem de bene etc Jurat. 

68, Dale. 

Mense Julij An Drii 162j. 
Vicesimo tertio die emanavit coiiiissio Sare Blunden ats Mullens filie 
nrali et ltime Willmi Mullens imp de Dorking in Com Surr sed in parti- 
bus ultra marinis def hentis etc ad administrand bona iura et credita ejusdem 
def iuxta tenorem et effcum testamenti ipsius defuncti eo quod nullum in 
eodem nominavit exfem de bene etc iurat. 

Probate Act Book, 1621 and 1622. 

[William Mullins, the testator, was one of the passengers in the Mayflower, and 
the father of Priscilla Mullins, the heroine of Longfellow's poem, " The Courtship 
of Miles Standish." The will was evidently drawn up at Plymouth, New England, 
which was then considered a part of Virginia. The date of the will is not uiven, 
but it must have been on or before Feb. 21, 1620-1, for on that day Mr. Mullins 
died, according to Gov. Bradford's Register, as quoted by Prince in his Chronology, 
part ii. p. 98. The date April 2, 1621, is probably that on which the certified copy 
was signed. 

Gov. Bradford, in his list of passengers in the Mayflower, has this entry: 

'* M r William Midlines and his wife, and 2. children, Joseph & Priscila ; and a 
servant, Robert Carter.'' In the margin he gives the number of persons in Mr. 
Mullins's family, " 5."* 

In Bradford's memoranda of the changes that had occurred in these families in the 
course of thirty years, we find this entry : 

" M r Molines, and his wife, his son and his servant, died the first winter. Only 
his daughter Priscila survied, and married with John Alden, who are both living, 
and have 11. children. And their eldest daughter is married & hath five children."! 

This will "ivesthe names of Mr. Mullins's two children who were left in England, 
William the eldest son, and Sarah, who married a Mr. Blunden. The Probate Act 
Book supplies the English residence, Dorking in the county of Surrey. 

Mr. Williamson, who is named as an overseer of the will, I take to be the" Master 
Williamson," who, according to Mourt's Relation, p. 36 (Dexter's edition, p. 92), 

* Bradford's New Plymouth, Boston, 1856, p. 446. 
f Ibid. p. 452. 

64 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

was present, March 22, 1620-1, when the first treaty was made with Massasoit. 
Rev. Alexander Young, D.D., finding no person by the name of Williamson among 
the signers to the compact, concludes that the name Williamson was probably an 
error of the press, and suggests that of Allerton instead. (See Chronicles of the 
Pilgrims, Boston, 1841, p7 192.) Dr. Young's conjecture has generally been adopt- 
ed by later writers. 

Christopher Joanes may have been the Captain of the Mayflower, whose surname 
we know was Jones. Rev. Edward D. Neill, however, in the Register, xxviii. 314, 
gives reasons for believing that his christian name was Thomas. — Editor.] 

John Harwood of London, merchant, 13 November 1684, proved 22 
June 1 685. To wife Elizabeth all my household goods and plate during 
her life and after to dispose of them as she shall judge meet, and all my 
five tenements &c. in St. George's Lane and Pudding Lane London, which 
I hold by lease from the company of fishmongers and two messuages in 
Pudding Lane which I hold by lease from Christ Church Hospital. To 
son Jacob Harwood the messuage near the Monument in London late in 
the occupation of Mr. Selby, to hold after the decease of my said wife. To 
son Joseph Harwood the messuage now in the occupation of Mr. Strood, 
after the decease of my wife. 

" Item I give to my daughter Elizabeth Sedgwick now in New England 
and to her sonne Samuell those three houses in S* George's Lane afore- 
said which I hold by lease from the said company of ffishmongers now in 

the occupation of Mr. Bodkin, Jerome Hall and Norrice, to hold to 

them the said Elizabeth Sedgwick and her sonne Samuell their Execu- 
tors, Administrators and assignes imediately from and after the decease of 
my said wife for and dureing all the rest and residue which shall bee then 
to come and unexpired of tli»e terme in the said Lease by which I hold 
the same, they paying to the ffishmongers company aforesaid the remainder 
of the yearly ground rent which is Eleaven pounds thirteene shillings and 
four neverthelesss my will is that my said daughter Sedgwick and 
her said sonne Samuell or one of them shall pay and allow to my sonne 
John now in New England fifteene pounds a yeare out of the rents and 
profitts of the said three messuages or tenements dureing all the time they 
or either of them shall hold the same and if it shall happen that the said 
Elizabeth Sedgwick and her said sonne Samuell shall dye then I give the 
said three Messuages or tenements (after the death of my said wife and 
after the deceases of the said Elizabeth Sedgwick and her said sonne) to 
my raid sonne John his Executors Administrators and assignes." 

To my daughter Hannah Manwaring the two messuages in Pudding 
Lane now in the occupation of Mr. Bird and Thomas Smith &c. and after 
her decease to Elizabeth, her daughter. To my son Jacob one thousand 
pounds if he shall faithfully and honestly serve out his time of appren- 
ticeship &c. To son Joseph the like sum at his age of two and twenty 
years &c. To wife Elizabeth six hundred pounds to be at her own dispos- 
ing. To said daughter Manwaring five hundred pounds out of such money 
her husband owes me &c. To her daughter Elizabeth Manwaring two 
hundred pounds at her age of seventeen years. 

" Item I give to my brother Thomas Harwood in New England fifty 
pounds to bee paid him there. Item I give to Nathaniel Harwood of New 
England fifty pounds to bee paid him there. Item I give to Hannah Wheel- 
er of Concord in New England fifty pounds to bee paid her there. Item I 
give to Sarah Tucker formerly Scotto of New England fifty pounds which 
lower last menconed summes I will shall bee paid out of My Stock in 
New England. Item I give to Mr. John Collins forty pounds to Mr. Sam- 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 65 

uel Belchamber five pounds to ,poor Suffering Christians such as the said 
Mr. John Collins and my said wife shall nominate appoint and agree one 
hundred pounds and I doe hereby nominate appoint and desire M r Isaac 
Dafforne to bee my trustee for my said two sonnes Jacob and Joseph," &c. 
My said wife Elizabeth to be sole executrix, desiring her to take the assist- 
ance and advice of the said Isaac Dafforne, " and as for the remainder or 
overplus of my estate which I value to bee above two thousand pounds as 
by note inclosed of what is beyond Sea which when it is returned home to 
London I doe give the one halfe thereof to my sonne John and the other halfe 
to my said wife and my two other sonnes Jacob and Joseph which is over 
and besides what is in the hands of M r Hezechia Usher and John Usher and 
which by account is above five thousand pounds and is Stock in their hands 
the one halfe whereof belongs to mee and if they have not complyed with 
my proposalls made by Peter Buckley Esq r then my power that I gave to 
the said Peter Buckley is to bee null and void and then I doe give the 
proceed thereof to my said sonne John and my sonne in law Ralph Man- 
waring equally to bee divided betweene them." 

To Mr. Matthew Meade ten pounds, to M r Lawrence ten pounds, to Ann 
Gillman five pounds, to my sister Harwood five pounds, to Mary Scater- 
good five pounds and to such poor Christians as Mr. Meade Mr. Lawrence 
and my said wife shall think fit ten pounds. 

Wit. Hen: Bosworth, Humph Hackshaw, Jacob Bosworth. 

Cann, 72. 

[John Harwood, the testator, was no doubt the John Harwood of Boston 1645, 
freeman of Mass. May 2, 1049, who by wife Elizabeth had Elizabeth, bp. 17 March, 
1650; Hezekiah, b. 17 April, 1653, d. young; Hannah, b. March 6, 1655. He was 
admitted to First Church, Dec. 25, 1647, when he was called taylor. He sold his 
estate in 1657, and went home, and in 1677 was of London (See Savage's Gen. Diet.). 
Savage suggests that he may have been a son of George Harwood, the first treasurer 
of the Massachusetts Company. 

Thomns Harwood, of Boston, presumably the brother Thomas named by John, m. 
July 7, 1654, Rachel, wid. of Robert Woodward and dau. of John Smith, and had 
Rachel, b. June 20, 1655, d. young; Jeremiah, b. June 4, 1656; Ann, b. Aug. 
1657, d. young; Rachel, b. Feb. 28, 1661; and Benjamin, b. Feb. 4, 1663. 

Nathaniel Harwood, of Boston, by wife Elizabeth, had William, b. March 28, 1665. 

Elizabeth Sedgwick, daughter of the testator, must have been the widow of 
Samuel Sedgwick, who was a son of Major Robert. Her husband was b. in Charles- 
town, N. E., where he was bap. March 31, 1639. He went to England as early as 
1657. "It is curious that his signature was proved in England by his widow 
[Elizabeth], 1 Dec. 1683, then aged only 33 years, and she says he was her husband 
six years. ' Citizen and clothworkerof London, ' he calls himself in a deed of 20 May, 
1667, whereby he sold his house and land in Charlestown to Francis Willoughby." 
(Savage.) See Sedgwick wills, post. — Editor.] 

Memorandum that Nicholas Houghton late of the parish of S* Mar- 
garet New Fish Street, London, deceased, did on the one and twentieth day 
of January one thousand and six hundred forty eight, stilo Anglice, or there- 
abouts, utter and speak these words &c. I give to my son Robert Hough- 
ton the sum of ten pounds and my ring, to my daughter Mary Norton forty 
shillings to buy her a ring, and to my daughter Van Court forty shillings, 
and for the rest of my goods I give unto P^llinor my wife, and do make her 

my full executor in the presence of Arthur Wind and Susanna 


Admon. was granted 2 March 1648 to the son Robert Houghton, the 
widow having renounced. Fairfax, 33. 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


Robert Houghton of the parish of S* Olave's, Southworth, in the 
County of Surrey, brewer, 25 December 1653, proved at Westminster 7 
January 1 653. To wife Mary Houghton six hundred pounds in money 
and all my plate and household stuff whatsoever ; also my house and land 
at Lewesham which I purchased of Thomas Hill, gentleman, deceased (and 
other real estate). To our daughter Martha four hundred pounds, to be 
paid her at her day of marriage or age of twenty-one years, and to daugh- 
ters Sarah and Hannah (the same sum on similar conditions). To John 
Planner the younger, son of John Planner, citizen and girdler of London, 
and of my daughter Mary Planner the sum of fifty pounds within seven 
years after my decease. 

" Item I will and bequeath unto my dearely loveinge and pious sister 
Mary Norton wife of fFrancis Norton of Charles towne in Newe England 
the some of twenty poundes to be paied to her within two yeares after my 
decease." I will and appoint that the five hundred pounds due unto my 
son in law John Willcox who lately married my daughter Elizabeth Hough- 
ton be paid unto him within the compass of two years as the remainder of 
the portion which I agreed to give him with my said daughter. To my 
son in law John Planner five pounds to buy him a ring and to my daughter 
Mary Planner ten pounds (similar sums to son and daughter Willcox). 

" Item I allsoe give and bequeath unto my very loueinge brother M r 
William Sedgwicke five pounds to buy him a ringe. Allsoe to my loue- 
inge brother ffrancis Sedgwicke five pounds to buy him a ringe." To three 
clerks, William Piggott, John Nobes and Robert Maisters and Lawrence 
West fifty shilling apiece and also to widow West the sum of twenty shil- 
lings. AH the residue to wife Mary Houghton whom I appoint sole execu- 
trix. And I desire my brothers M r William and M r Francis Sedgwicke to 
be overseers. Alchin, 372. 

John Houghton of Hocuth = 
in Com. North tn I 

Thomas Houghton of Hocuth = Mary, dau. of Greene. 

Nicholas Houghton = Elinor, dau. of Gregory Newnarn. 
of London, Fishmonger. 

Mary wife to 
Fran: Norton 
of London, 

Joice Robert Houghton = Mary dau. of W ra 

of London, Brewer. 

Seigwick of 
Com. Yorke. 

Nicholas Houghton 
of London, Fishmonger. 

Robert, son and heir, 
4 yrs. old 1633. 

Mary, 2 yrs. 

mar d Ann, dau. of 
Gregory Newnara. 

Harl. MS. 1476, Fo. 92, Brit, Museum. 

[A pedigree of the same family may be found in the Visitation of London, pub- 
lished by the Harleian Society (vol. xv. p. 369). In the latter Francis Norton is 
called a haberdasher, which is more probably correct, if we may judge from the 
character of his inventory as shown in the Middlesex Records, he being the well- 
known Capt. Francis Norton, who was admitted into the church of Charlcstown, 
Mass., 10-2-1642, and died in Charlestown, 27 July, 1667. He left no male issue, 
but has probably many descendants in New England through his daughters, of 
whom Abigail was the wife of John Long, Mary of Joseph Noyes, Deborah of Zech- 
ary Hill, and Elizabeth of Timothy Sy mines and Ephraim Savage. In social, polit- 
ical and military relations Capt. Norton seems to have stood high. 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 67 

The Houghton pedigree is interesting and valuable for the light it incidentally 
casts on the origin of the family of Sedgwick of Charlestown. The will of John 
Sedgwick, already printed in these Gleanings (Reg. vol. 38, p. 206) , by its refer- 
ence to his brother Major-Gen. Robert Sedgwick, of New England, and his sister 
Mary, wife of Robert Houghton, establishes this connection clearly. — Henry F. 

Stephen Sedgwick of London Brewer 19 July 1638. One third to 
wife Catherine and one third to children now living viz. Job, Sara, Susan- 
na, Rebecca, Abigail and Joshua Sedgwick at their several ages of twenty 
and one years or days of marriage. The other third in special legacies. 
To the poor of the parish of Engleton where I was born and had my first 
breath, the poor of Horton, the poor of S* Bride's &c. To my uncle Tho- 
mas Checkeley of S* Ives. To Arthur Browne of the same town. To my 
cousin Jane Prichard in Moore Lane. To my brother William Sedgwick's 
children living at my decease. To my brother Thomas Browne's children 
and his wife. To my brother Norton and his wife. To my cousin Wil- 
liam Sedgwick and John Sedgwick and cousin Robert Houghton. To my 
aunt Anne Randall. To my cousin Elizabeth Browne the daughter of my 
sister Elizabeth Norton. And I do forgive all such debts and sums of 
money as are due and owing unto me by any of my cousins Sedgwickes in 
Yorkshire. The rest and residue to loving wife Catherine Sedgwick, whom 
I make and ordain to be my full and sole executrix &c. My loving 
brother M r Thomas Browne, my loviug brother M r Henry Norton and 
my said loving cousin M r Robert Houghton to be my overseers &c. 

On the 15 th day of December, A.D. 1649, issued forth a commission to 
Job Sedgewick, natural and lawful son and principal legatee of Stephen 
Sedgwick, late of the parish of S* Bridget alias Bride's, Fleet Street, Lon- 
don, deceased, to administer the goods, &c, according to the tenor of the will, 
for the reason that Catherine Sedgwick, wife and executrix of the testator, 
before his death, hath also departed this life. Fairfax, 192. 

January 1655. English Stile. 
The fifth day Letters of Administracon issued out unto Martha Sedge- 
wicke the Relict of ffrancis Sedgwicke, late of the parish of Mary Somer- 
sett in London deeed To adter the goods chells & debt's of y e said deced 
She being first sworne (by Comission) truly to Administer &c. Fo. 12. 

September 1656 
On ye Thirtieth day issued forth Letters of Adeon To Johanna Sedg- 
wick widdow y e relict of Maior Robert Sedgwick late in the parts beyond 
the Seas Esq r deed To Administer all and singular ye goods chells and 
debts of y e sayd deed Shee being first sworne truly to Administer &c. 

Fo. 221. 

William Sedgwicke, the elder (of Lewisham, Kent, says the Probate 
Act) 28 November 1663, proved 26 February 1663. To son in law Nich- 
olas Ashton and his wife, my daughter, two parcels of land in Great Samp- 
ford and Little Sampford, Essex. To daughters Susan and Mary Sedg- 
wicke. To son in law Timotheus Van Vleteren three hundred pounds, 
which with three hundred pounds already paid makes in all six hundred 
pounds his full share and more of that money which fell to me by the death 
of M r James Harewin. To son in law Nath: James. To my nephew 
Zach. Sedgwicke one hundred pounds, to be paid him within one month 
after my brother Sedgwicke, his father, shall have paid the hundred and 

68 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

fifty pounds that I stand bound for him, with the interest. To my nephew 
William Barrett one hundred pounds to be paid to his father for his use 
&c. To my sister Mary Houghton. To my son Francis Commins. To 
my friend Robert Bacon. To my faithful servant Robert Boult. To my 
loving friend Joshua Sprigge one hundred pounds to be disposed to chari- 
table uses &c. William Sedgwicke my only son and heir and sole execu- 
tor, lie to consult with his loving brothers Nath: James, Nich: Ash ton and 
Timotheus Van Vleteren. Bruce, 22. 

Will. Sedgwick, Son of William Sedgwick of London, Gen, became a 
Commoner in Pembroke Coll. Oxon. in Michaelmas Term A. 1624, aged 
15 years. Having taken his Degrees and H. Orders he was admitted into 
this Church [Farnham] at the Presentation of two of his Relations* in 1634, 
where he behav'd himself conformable to the Ch. of England ; but upon the 
turn of the times in 1641 he clos'd with the Presbyterians; after the Loyal 
Clergy had been ejected from their Livings he became the chief preacher in 
Ely and was called the Apostle of that Isle. What he enjoy'd there and 
elsewhere, for several Years, he lost after the King's Restauration, by Non- 
Conformity. He was a conceited whimsical Person and one very unsettled 
in his Opinions; sometimes he was a Presbyterian, sometimes an Independ- 
ent, and at other times an Anabaptist, sometimes he was a Prophet, and at 
other times pretended to Revelations ; and upon pretence of a Vision that 
Doomsday was at hand he retired to Sir Francis Russells in Cambridge- 
shire, where he call'd upon certain Gentlemen as they were at Bowes to 
prepare themselves ; for that he had lately received a Revelation that 
Doomsday would be some Day the next Week ; whence he was afterwards 
call'd Doomsday Sedgwick ; after the Restauration he lived mostly at Lewes- 
ham in Kent. In 1668 he retired to London, where he soon after dy'd. 
Ath. Ox. Vol. II. p. 335. Newcourt's Repertorium, &c. II. 256. 

Rebeccah Thorne of Hornsey in the County of Middlesex, 17 Sep- 
tember 1660, proved 20 November 1660. To my sister Blackwell my 
diamond ring that was my mother's. To my sister Clarke the little cabi- 
net of mother of pearl that was my mother's. To my son John Thorne 
my silver watch. To my daughter Sarah Thorne my diamond ring with 
one stone. To my brother Job Sedgwicke and wife and brother Joshua 
Sedgewicke twenty shillings apiece to buy each of them a ring. To Mary 
Noble the forty shilings that she oweth me. To my cousin Moore the satin 
petticoat that was my mother's. To my cousin Elizabeth Ash the ring that 
I had at cousin William Sedgwicke's wife funeral. My sister Blackwell 
to be sole executrix, desiring her to take upon her the care and charge of 
my son Robert Thorne. 

The will was proved by Susanna Blackwell. Nabbs, 301. 

Letters issued 21 July 1670 to Stephen Sedgewicke son of Job Sedge- 
wicke lately of S 4 Peter's Paul's Wharf London but dying in the City of 
Bristol, to administer on his goods, &c. 

Admon. Act Book (1670) 113. 

* He was presented to the living, Feb. 5, 1634-5, by Stephen and John Sedgwick (See 
Newcourt, n. 256, and Bliss's ed. of Wood's Athena) Oxonienses, in. 894). The latter 
work contains a good sketch of William Segdwick'e life, with a list of his publications. 
Wood and Newcourt (ubi supra) and Palmer (Nonconformist's Memorial, London, 1778, 
i. 24U) arc in error in placing his death after 1668.— Editoii. 

1888.] Geiiealogical Gleanings in England. 69 

Inrollment of Letters Patent and other Instruments of State during the 
Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell, of his son Richard, and of the Govern- 
ment of the persons styling themselves Keepers of the Liberties of Eng- 
land, from 24 June, 1654, to 23 January, 1659. 

Fol. 31. 6 June 1655. That the sum of 1793 u 7 9 8 d remaining due and 
owing unto Major Rob* Sedgwick upon his Accompts (exam d by the Com" 
of our Navy) as he was employed in the publique service in New Eng- 
land and elsewhere against the ffrench, be paid him. 

Stowe MSS. (Brit. Mus.) 215. 

[By the preceding documents and the will of John Sedgwick above referred to, 
we learn that Major Robert Sedgwick of Charlestown, N. E., was son of William 2 
Sedgwick of London, gent., who had a brother Stephen 2 a brewer. 

William 2 Sedgwick, of London, had a wife Elizabeth who survived him and 
was living a widow in Woburn, Beds, in 1638. He had at least five children, 
namely: Maj. Robert? John? of St. Savior, Southwark, will 27 Nov. 1638, pr. 5 
Dec. 1638, wife Martha. William? a clergyman, rector of Farnham in Essex 1634 to 
1644, afterwards held a living in the city of Ely, but was ejected under the Bar- 
tholomew act, retired to Lewisham, Kent, and died between Nov. 28, 1663, and Feb. 
26, 1663-4. He had AVilliam, 4 and several daughters. Francis? who was living 
in 1653, and was probably the Francis of the parish of St. Mary, Somerset, London, 
whose widow Martha was granted administration on his estate, January, 1655-6. 
Mary? wife of Robert Houghton, who had Robert, Mary married John Planner, 
and Martha. 

2 Sedgwick, brother of William, perhaps Stephen above named, had : Ste- 
phen? will July 19, 1638, proved Dec. 15, 1649, had wife Catherine, who died be- 
fore him. He had Job, 4 Sarah, 4 Susanna 4 and Rebecca ; 4 of whom Rebecca married 

Thorne and died in 1660, leaving a daughter Sarah Thorne. William? 

probably dead in 1638, leaving children. Elizabeth 3 married Henry Norton, both 
living in 1638. She had a daughter Elizabeth Browne. 

William 2 Sedgwick, above, of London, is said in the Houghton pedigree (ante, 
p. 66) to have been of the county of York. He resided afterwards, it is presumed, 
in Bedfordshire, as his son Rev. William 3 is stated in Wood's Athena: to have 
been born in that county, and another son John 3 in his will (Reg. xxxviii. 207) 
calls Woburn, Beds, the parish in which he himself was born. Elizabeth Sedg- 
wick, wife of William 2 and the mother of these children, resided in Woburn after 
her husband's death. Probably Major Robert 3 Sedgwick and the other children 
were born in Woburn. 

There is a Sedgwick pedigree traced to " Edward Sedgwik of Dent in com. 
York "in the Essex Pedigrees in the Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. xrv. 
page 600. In 1642, Edward Sedgwick, a great-great-grandson of the above Edward, 
resided at Chipping Ongar in Essex. 1 can find no evidence that the two families 
were related, though both were from the same county. — Editor.] 

John Jollife of Typhed Magdalen in the County of Dorset, 29 Octo- 
ber 1583, proved 30 January 1583. To the poor people of Stower Preaux, 
Stower Estower and Typhed Magdalen. To eldest daughter Rebecca 
Jollife and daughter Susan Jollife at ages of fourteen years. Son John 
JolifFe. Mother in law Helen Newman, widow, late wife of Robert New- 
man deceased. Reference to a lease granted to father Richard Jollife, 20 
December 22 d of Elizabeth. Father still living. To brother Edmond Jol- 
life. To kinswoman Christian Galler. To sister Mary Jollife. To bro- 
ther John Jollife. Wife Elizabeth Jollife to be sob; executrix. Uncle 
Henry Newman, brother in law Richard Estemond, brother Edmond Jol- 
life, Nicholas Joyce and Nicholas Clarke, vicar of Fifehed, to be overseers. 

Butts, 23. 

Letters issued forth 9 December 1G39, to Catherine JolifFe relict of John 
Joliffe lately of East Stower in the county of Dorset deceased, to admin- 
ister on his goods, &c. Admon. Act Hook (1G39) fo. 89. 

VOL. xlii. 7 

70 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [Jan. 

" Memorandum that George Joyliffe, Doctor in Physicke, ye Six- 
teenth Day of November one thousand sixe hundred ffitie Eight made his 
last Will." Proved 24 November, 1G58. My body to be buried with as lit- 
tle funeral pomp as may be. To my cousin Francis (my servant) the sum 
of fifty pounds to be paid when all my debts are satisfied. To my maid- 
servant Elizabeth five pounds and to Susan four pounds. To my brother 
Richard Joyliffe my black mare. To my cousin Francis (as above) all my 
Latin Books. To my daughter Katherine five hundred pounds, with the 
interest thereof, to be paid her at the age of sixteen or the day of her mar- 
riage, and the same to be put out for her use by my brother William Bigg 
and my cousin Richard Newman. All the residue of my estate to my lov- 
ing wife Ann Joyliffe and she to be executrix. Brother William to be 
overseer. None of these legacies to be paid or disposed of until Mrs 
Myrnms's account be satisfied and paid. Wit: Thomas ffrewen and Sara 
Mills. Wootton, 631. 

Anne Joyliffe relict and executrix of George Joyliffe late Doctor of 
Phisick, 25 May 1660, proved 29 November 1660. My body to be bu- 
ried in Trinity church near Garlick Hill, London, near the body of my late 
husband. To my daughter Katherine Joyliffe one thousand pounds, to be 
paid her at the age of sixteen years. A reference to a legacy of five hun- 
dred pounds left to her by the husband of the testatrix and to be paid her 
at the same age. The amount of this legacy to be recovered out of a debt 
due the said George by one Francis Drake of Walton, in the County of 
Surrey. If that debt should not be recovered then five hundred pounds 
more to make the thousand pounds fifteen hundred. To my mother Mary 
Bigge two hundred pounds. To my brother William Bigge* one hundred 
and fifty pounds. To my brother John Bigge one hundred pounds. To 
Francis Cave, nephew to my said husband, forty pounds, and to Alice 
Cave, his sister, ten pounds. To my said daughter Katherine my diamond 
ring set with one stone only, my diamond locket, my plate, linen and other 
household stuff. My brother William Bigge to be executor. 

Wit : St. Frewen, Thomas Frewen, Miles Beales. 

A codicil refers to fifteen hundred pounds secured in the names of Sir 
Charles Harford, my cousin Newman and my cousin Frewen, in trust for 
my use, and refers also to a deed from my brother Joyliffe. 

Nabbs, 285. 

Thankful Frewen, of S* Andrew, Holborn, in the County of Middle- 
sex, esq., in his will of 25 September, 1656, proved 18 March, 1656, men- 
tions, among others, his brother Accepted Frewen, cousin George Joyliffe, 
Doctor in Physick, niece Ann Joyliffe, wife of the said Dr. Joyliffe, and 
sister Mary Bigg. Ruthen, 110. 

John Frewen the elder, of Northiham, in the County of Sussex, clerk, 
aged, &c, in his will, dated 1 June 1627, mentions son Accepted Frewen 
(President of Magdalen College, Oxford), son Thankfull Frewen and 
daughter Mary wife of John Bigg, lands &c. in Sussex and in Newenden 
and Sandherst, Kent. Barrington, 38. 

* Much about tlic Bigg family will be found in the Register, xxix. 253-60 ; xxxviii. 
60-2— Editor. 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 71 

Ricardus Joleiff de Canning Court in = . . . . relict .... Rogers 

p'ochia de Pulha in Com. Dorset. 

de Com. Som. 

Johannes Joleiff de Caning Court in = Elizab. filia et coli Rob 41 Newman 

Com. Dorset til. et heres. 

de Fifeild Magdalen in Com. 

2 Rebecca vxor Johannes JollifFe de Estouer =- Katherin da. of 2 Susanna vx. Will: 

Wili; Starre de in Com. Dors. til. et haeres 
Bradford in Com. Patris et matris sup'stes 

Dors. 1623. 

Jones Ilenninge Holman de 

do Paxwell in Estouer in 

Com. Dorset. Com. Dorset. 


Ricardus Joleiff fil. 2 .Johannes aet. 8. 4 Gcorgius set. 3. Catherine net. [14] . 

ethaersetat, 12 3 Rob tua aet. 4. Dorothea aet. [13]. 
annoru 1623. 

Harl. MS. 1166, fo. 32b. 

(Signed) Jo. Joyliffe. 

[From the Roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London, compiled from the 
Annals of the College and from other authentic sources, by William Munk, M.D., 
Fellow of the College, etc. etc., previously referred to, we learn that " George Joy- 
liffe, M.D., was born at East Stower, in Dorsetshire. In the early part of 1637 he 
was entered a commoner of Wadham College, Oxford, where he remained about 
two years, and then removed to Pembroke College, as a member of which he took 
the two degrees in arts, A.B. 4th June, 1640 ; A.M. 20th April, 1643. He then 
entered on the study of physic, pursued anatomy with the utmost diligence, and 
' with the help ' (as Wood says) ' of Dr. Clayton, master of his College, and the 
king's professor of Physick, made some discovery of that fourth set of vessels plain- 
ly differing from veins, arteries and nerves, now called the lymphatics.' lie finally 
removed to Clare Hall, Cambridge, and, having there proceeded doctor of medicine, 
settled in London ; was admitted a candidate of the College of Physicians, 4th 
April, 1653 ; and a Fellow, 25th June, 1658. Dr. Joyliffe lived in Garlick Hill ; 
and, as I learn from Harney, died 11th November, 1658, being then barely forty 
years of age." 

There is nothing, to be sure, in the foregoing wills of Dr. Joyliffe and his widow, 
to show any connection with English families in America. Fortunately we may 
learn, from another source, that he was a brother of John Joyliffe, Esq., an emi- 
nent merchant of Boston, Mass., who, as we are told by Savage, was of " Boston 
1656, m. 28 Jan. 1657, Ann wid. and extrix. of Robert Knight, who had also been 
wid. and extrix. of Thomas Cromwell, the wealthy privateersman, had only ch. 
Hannah, b. 9 May, 1690. He was freem. J673, many yrs. a selectman, one of the 
patriots of 1689 who put Andros in prison, town recorder in 1691 ; and was made 
by Increase Mather one of the Counc. in the Chart, of William & Mary, but drop, 
at the first popular choice ; died 23 November, 1702." Savage is in error as to the 
year of his death, as is shown by the probate of Joyliffe's will (see below), and 
by Sewall's Diary.* It should be 1701. The daughter of his wife, by her first 
husband, viz., Elizabeth Cromwell, was married first to Richard Price of Boston, 
and secondly to Isaac Vickars of Hull, and by the first husband had, among other 
issue, a daughter, Elizabeth Price, who became the second wife of James Townsend 
of Boston, ancestor of a distinguished Boston family, and whose granddaughter Re- 
becca, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Phillips) Townsend, was the wife of John 
Winthrop, LL.D. and F.R.S., Fellow of Harvard College and Hollis Professor of 
Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. 

The will of John Joyliffe of Boston, merchant (Suffolk Registry, B. 14, L. 432), 
made 7 February, 1699 (1700), proved 27 December, 1701, devises his mansion 
house to Martha, daughter of his late wife and wife of Jarvis Ballard, allowing the 
heirs of Richard Price power of redemption. He also makes numerous bequests to 
friends and relatives in England, viz. : Katherine Bowles, daughter of his brother 

*." Novr 23. 1701. John Joyliffe Esqr. dies. He had been blind, and laboured trader 
many Infirmities for a long time." — Diary of Chief Justice Samuel Seioall in Coll. of Mass. 
Hist. Society, 5th Series, vol. vi. p. 48. 

72 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [Jan. 

Dr. George Joyliffe, Katherine Coope and Alice Morley, daughters of bis sister 
Dorothy Cave, John Cooke of London, merchant, son of his sister Martha Cooke, 
Rebecca Spicer, daughter of his sister Rebecca Woolcot, John Drake, son of his 
sister Margaret Drake, and Margaret and Katharine Drake, daughters of his sister 
Margaret and Esther, daughter of his sister Mary Biss, sometime wife of James 
Biss of Shepton Mallett, in the County of Somerset. He also bequeaths sums of 
money to the Rev. Samuel Willard (of Boston), and to Mr. Simon Willard, his son, 
and to the poor of Boston. For a further account of his wife and her relatives, see 
" Family of William Townsend of Boston," Essex Institute Historical Collections, 
Vol. 19, pp. 274-5 (1882).— h. f. w.] 

William Grey citizen and merchant tailor of London 1 September 
1G57 ; proved at London 18 November 16G3. To son Abraham the copy- 
hold house and orchard in Hamerton, in parish of Hackney. To son 
Josia part of another copyhold house in Hamerton with two barns, stable 
and cowhouse &c. To daughter Rebecca Grey another part. To young- 
est daughter Susanna Grey another part. Other lands in Hackney to these 
four children. To son Abraham the fee farm rent of the watermills 
at Harking, Essex, of fifteen pounds per annum or thereabouts. To 
son Josiah all other rents or tenths payable to me in the manors or parishes 
of Barkeing, East Ham or West Ham in said county of Essex, which amount 
in the whole about nine pounds three shillings and two pence. To daugh- 
ter Rebecca (other rents) and all that Last of red herrings due unto me 
yearly from the bayliffs of Great Yarmouth in the County of Norfolk. To 
daughter Susanna (other rents). If wife be with child then such child to 
have an equal portion with the other four children. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my loving brother John Grey of New 
England the sum of five pounds of lawful money of England as an expres- 
sion of my love to him. To brother Henry Grey the like sum of five 
pounds &c. And these two five pounds not to be paid until two years after 
my decease. To brother Isaac Grey buff coat and five pounds to buy a 
piece of plate. To wife Susanna leases at Hamerton and lease of tene- 
ment in Birchin Lane, London, known by the sign of the Cross Keys. To 
brother in law M r John Price twenty shillings to buy him a ring. And the 
like sum to cousin John Smith, potter. To the poor of the church at Step- 
ney of which M 1 ' Will™ Greeuhill is pastor the full profit of that Last of 
red herrings &c. for one year only next after my decease and no longer. 
And that year's profit I appoint to be paid unto the assissors and deacons 
of the said church whereof one M r Robert Williams my dear brother in 
Christ is one. 

Wife Susanna to be executrix and guardian to all the children and bro- 
ther in law John Price and brother Isaac Grey to be overseers. 

Juxon, 130. 

[Savage has several John Grays who were in New England. — Editor.] 

Robert Greexe, Bodie maker, dwelling in the parish of Stepney, in 
the County of Middlesex, 5 August 1658, proved 22 September 1658. To 
be buried near my wife Dorothy in the church of S* Leonard, Shoreditch. 
To Thomas Reynolds at Martin Branden in Virginia I bequeath forty 
pounds, but if he die before he receive it I bequeath it to Joanna Canon, 
widow, in Trinity Lane, London, or her heirs. To John Greene, a barber 
in Norwich, my brother, five shillings and to his son Francis Greene 
twenty shillings. To Alexander and Richard Greene, students in Cam- 
bridge, and to Christopher Greene, cook of Katherine Hall there, sons of 
my brother Christopher, five shillings apiece. To my kinswoman Eliza- 
beth Gray, at Chelmsford, in Essex, four pairs of flaxen sheets, and to her 

1888.] Rev. Aaron Cleveland. 73 

brother Christopher Gray four pairs of sheets, and to Ann Gray, their sis- 
ter, dwelling with me, ten pounds. To John Wright, bodie maker, once 
my servant, now dwelling in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch, five 
pounds. To Richard Thorington, of the same parish, my mourning cloak. 
To Robert Marshall, bodie maker, of the same parish, ten shillings. To 
Nicholas Myriall, of the same parish, clothworker, a cloth suit. To Thomas 
White, virginall maker in the old Jury, a mourning hat and hatband. To 
Mary Jenkes, of Grub Street, forty shillings. To my servant Jone Beer- 
croft twenty shillings. To Christopher Greene, my brother Nicholas 
Greene's eldest son, a carrier of Cambridge, five shillings, and to my loving 
friend Thomas Snow, gardener, forty shillings, whom I appoint executor, 
dwelling in the parish of S 4 Leonard, Shoreditch. And the residue I leave 
to him. Wit: Roger Ley, Thomas White. Wootton, 417. 

John Dingley of the parish of S* Olaves in the old Jewry, London, 
grocer, 21 August, 1626, proved 9 October, 1626. Begins with reference 
to an assignment made of property consisting of five leases three years 
and a half ago to brother-in-law, Sampson Cotton of London, draper, in 
trust, with consent of chiefest and greater part of his creditors. 

To my sister in law Mrs Anne Fuller, widow, twenty five pounds year- 
ly. To Alice Longe, my sister's daughter, now remaining in my service, 
ten pounds a year. To Robert Johnson the younger, of London, grocer, 
two thirds part of the benefit & profit which shall be made and raised of 
my said five leases, after the expiration of the term &c. of the trust deed. 

I give and bequeath to my said brother in law Sampson Cotton, in re- 
spect of the pains and trouble which he hath taken and sustained for me, the 
sum of one hundred pounds &c. To Elizabeth Cotton, his daughter and my 
god daughter, fifty pounds; and to the rest of his children twenty pounds 
apiece. To my loving friend M r John Eldred the younger, five pounds. 
To my kinswoman Anne Jarvis, now the wife of George Jarvis, gentle- 
man, fifty pounds within eight years after my decease. If she die before 

that time, then to her son Jarvis, now living. To John Warton, of 

Winchester, my kinsman, twenty pounds within seven years after my de- 
cease. To William Allen the younger, my godson, twenty pounds, at the 
age of twenty one years. To my godson Thomas Strange five pounds 
within eight years. To my servant William Hudson, twenty pounds in 
seven years. To John Rosewarden, my servant, an augmentation of his 
wages if he shall continue workmaster in the " Coperous " works at Gil- 
lingham in the County of Kent &c. Other names. 

Robert Johnson the younger to be sole executor, and loving & good 
friends M r Alderman Johnson, the said Sampson Cotton and the said John 
Eldred to be overseers. Hele, 141. 


By Benjamin Rand, Ph.D., Cambridge, Mass. 

IN the President's line of ancestry one cannot fail to be greatly attracted 
by the personality and eventful life of the Rev. Aaron 4 Cleveland. 
The great-grandfather of this clergyman was the early settler Moses Cleve- 
land, who in 1635 is believed to have come from Ipswich, County of Suf- 
folk, England, who settled at Woburn, Mass., in 1641, and was there made 
vol. xlii. 7* 

74 Rev. Aaron Cleveland. [Jan. 

a freeman in 1643. The name of his grandfather was Aaron, 2 as was 
that of his father, Aaron ; 3 the latter having also the military title of Cap- 
tain. The Rev. Aaron 4 Cleveland was himself the father of the legislator 
Aaron, 5 the grandfather of William, 6 the great-grandfather of the Rev. Rich- 
ard Falley, 7 and the great-great-grandfather of Grover 8 Cleveland, who 
to-day has the honor of holding the highest office in the trust of the Amer- 
ican people. 

Authorities differ as to the place of his birth. The honor has been be- 
stowed upon Medford, Charlestown and Cambridge. An examination of 
the records in the clerk's office of the latter city makes certain, however, 
that the birth of Aaron 4 Cleveland, the son of Aaron 3 and Abigail (Waters) 
Cleveland, is there recorded under date of Oct. 29th, 1715, and it is thus 
altogether probable that he was born in the classic city of Cambridge. He 
was, moreover, baptized in the church at Cambridge, Oct. 30th, 1715. The 
father was born July 9th, 1680, at Woburn, the original town of the Cleve- 
lands, and was married to Abigail Waters of the same place on June 1st, 
1701-2. In 1704 he removed to Medford, and lived there until 1706. He 
then dwelt in Cambridge until 1716, when he returned to Medford. He 
subsequently resided in Charlestown, from which place he removed in 1738 
to East Haddam, Conn., where, by successful investments in land, he ac- 
quired considerable wealth. The mother of the Rev. Aaron Cleveland is said 
to have been an " accomplished and lovely lady ;" and was, doubtless, care- 
ful that the opportunities for the education of her son should be in no wise 
neglected, as we find that at the age of sixteen he entered Harvard Col- 
lege. Concerning his undergraduate course no record can be found. In 
athletic sports he certainly excelled, and all accounts agree in the descrip- 
tion of him as a young man of magnificent physique, " a prodigy of physi- 
cal strength and agility." lint whether, as a student, he was of those 
whose work while in college gives promise of their future success, or of 
those whose period of marked intellectual development falls later than their 
academic career, can now be judged only from a study of his maturer years. 
President Wadsworth, whose patient wrestling with the demon of ill-health 
was in such striking contrast to the youthful vigor and activity of this col- 
lege athlete, must nevertheless have exercised over him at this time an in- 
fluence which contributed much to the formation of his character, so simi- 
lar is the language in which teacher and pupil have alike been portrayed. 

In 1735 Aaron Cleveland graduated from Harvard ; and three years 
later accompanied the family on their removal to East Haddam. The year 
1739 was a most important one in his life, since in it occurred his first set- 
tlement as a pastor, and likewise his marriage. The young lady whom he 
had chosen to share the fortunes of his life was Susannah Porter, born in 
1716, and a daughter of the Rev. Aaron Porter, of Medford. She was 
related to some of the best families of Massachusetts, was much admired 
for her personal beauty and character, and had numerous wealthy suitors ; 
but with the true nobility of womanhood she accepted the proffer of mar- 
riage from the comparatively poor but promising young Harvard clergy- 
man who had won her heart's affections, and to whom she ever proved a 
most loving and worthy help-meet. One month prior to the marriage, 
which took place August 4th, he had accepted a call to the pastorate of the 
strict Congregational Church in Haddam Society. He was the third reg- 
ular minister of the church, having been preceded by the Rev. Jeremiah 
Hobart (1700-1715) and by the Rev. Phinehas Fiske (1714-1738), the 

1888.] Rev. Aaron Cleveland. 75 

former a graduate of Harvard, the latter of Yale. His own settlement lasted 
from 1739 to 174G. Dr. David Dudley Field, a later pastor, in writing 
an account of this church, says : " Mr. Cleveland was a gentleman of re- 
spectable talents, and a popular and engaging preacher " [in Fields, Middle- 
sex Co., Ct.]. We can well understand how at this period of life the 
eloquence and fervor of Whitefield should have produced such a deep im- 
pression upon the ardent young minister of Haddam. With a soul deter- 
mined on progress, he yearned for some guide into richer spiritual fields ; 
and this earnest apostle of Methodism spoke with the authority of one 
who was able to lead him thither. 

The Rev. Aaron Cleveland's next field of labor was in connection with 
the South Church in Maiden, Mass. The people of this place had in early 
times but one meeting-house, which was the property of the town. During 
the pastorate of Rev. Joseph Emerson, however, it became necessary to 
erect a new church edifice. The site chosen, which was that of the present 
First Parish Church, was regarded by those who lived in the southern por- 
tion of the town as too remote. The result was the formation, towards 
the close of the year 1730, of a new societj 7 , known as the South Church, 
with Nelson's Hill as the location for their house of worship. On Septem- 
ber 24th, 1735, the Rev. Joseph Stimpson was ordained as its first pastor, 
" for the promotion of Religion and the Peace of the town," and the city 
was thereupon divided in 1637 into two precincts. In 1744 the church 
became vacant, and remained without a settled minister till 1747, when a 
call was extended to Mr. Cleveland. It must, indeed, have required 
no small amount of courage on his part to accept a call, which owing 
to the unsettled condition of religious affairs in this city, others had 
refused. He was installed as pastor of the church on June 27th, 1747, 
and ministered to the people until 1750. His successor, the Rev. Mr. 
Willis, again became sole minister of Maiden, March 25th, 1752, and the 
South Church ceased as such to have an existence. 

In the extreme eastern portion of this continent events were now hap- 
pening which were to have a most important bearing upon the future of 
the Rev. Aaron Cleveland. By the treaty of Aix la Chapelle, Oct. 18th, 
1748, Cape Breton had been restored to France. It thus became neces- 
sary for the British to establish in Nova Scotia a new place of strength as 
a rival to that which they had now lost by the surrender of Louisburg. 
Halifax was therefore founded in the summer of 1749 by a large company 
of people from Englaud, under the command of Col. Edward Cornwallis. 
The older colonies took a deep interest in this new settlement, as it was in- 
tended in part for their protection ; and constant reports concerning its pro- 
gress were published in the newspapers of New England. In a letter from 
Halifax, dated April 12th, 1750, to be found in the Boston Weekly News- 
Letter of April 2Gth, we read that " Everything goes on with great Dispatch ; 
and whilst the closest Application is made to civil Concerns, Religion is 
not unthought of: we shall soon have a large Church erected, and for the 
Encouragement of Protestant Dissenters, a handsome Lot is laid out for a 
Meeting-House and another for a Minister in a very pleasant Situation." 
Another letter, written in Halifax June 14th, 1750, states: "Yesterday 
the Governour laid the Corner Stone of the Church, which is now build- 
ing and which I believe will be the handsomest in America. And as soon 
as we can get a Dissenting Minister settled here we shall soon have a hand- 
some Meeting-House with a good Dwelling-House for the Minister built 


Rev. Aaron Cleveland. 



at the Public Expense. I have subscribed to the support of Mr. Cleve- 
land for 2 months, as have the Governour and most Gentlemen here: And 
I believe we have Dissenters here at Present for 4 Ministers. " [News- 
Letter. July 5th.] It thus appears that the reputation of the Rev. Mr. 
Cleveland had extended to Halifax, and that the peo # ple were looking to 
him as the right man to organize within the new colonv a church not sub- 
ject to episcopal jurisdiction. He was willing to undertake the task, and 
from Maiden proceeded to Halifax. A gentleman living in Halifax writes 
on Dec. 17th, 1750 : " The Reverend Mr. Cleaveland is arrived here, and 
is well received by the Governour and other Gentlemen of the Place : he 
preaches every Lord's Day in the Afternoon in the Church, to good Ac- 
ceptance and will continue so to do, till a Meeting-House can be built 

At a meeting of those in the Place who are for Mr. Cleaveland's settle- 
nient, voted Mr. Hugh Vans, Moderator. And then voted Mr. Cleaveland 
One Hundred Pounds per Annum, his House Rent, Firing &c, which will 
make fifty Pounds more, in all about One Thousand three Hundred and 
fifty Pounds old Tenor." [News-Letter, Jan. 1st, 1751.] Governor 
Cornwallis, as becometh the founder of a new enterprise, well understood 
the character of men with whom he came in contact, and hence his cordial 
reception of Mr. Cleveland is of no small value in our estimate of the high 
worth of this clergyman. " Mr. Cleveland's arrival," again says a resident 
of Halifax, Dec. 22nd, 1750, " is well pleasing to the Governour: and his 
Excellency is so good, that he gives us Ground, and builds us a Meeting 
House at his Cost." [News-Letter, Jan. 8th, 1751. J The Congregational 
Church in Halifax, of which Mr. Cleveland thus became the first pastor, 
was named Mather's Church, after the great New England divine, and the 
work thus commenced by him has been continued with unabated zeal to 
this day. The present pastor of this church (now St. Matthew's Presby- 
terian) is the Rev. Robert Laing. 

Rev. Mr. Cleveland was not the only one of his name or family who 
removed about this time to Halifax. In a list of the families who settled 
in Nova Scotia between 1749 and 1752, now kept in the Crown land office 
at Halifax, the following bear the name of Cleveland : 



-bs, Halifax. 



i— i 

.— i 







Heads of 



















F 3 











Samuel Cleveland 






Josiah Cleveland 





Aaron Cleveland 






The above mentioned Samuel and Josiah were brothers of the Rev. 
Aaron Cleveland. Samuel here met a tragic fate at the hands of the In- 

1888.] Rev. Aaron Cleveland. 77 

dians. He had sailed on May 1 6th, 1753, with Mr. Bannerman, one 
Anthony Casteel and four bargemen, under government commission to 
convey three Indians to Isidore, now named Jedore, a few leagues to the 
eastward of Halifax. The next day the party arrived there and were civ- 
illy treated by the Indians. When they had completed their business and 
were about to depart, Mr. Bannerman and the four hands ashore were sur- 
prised and taken prisoners. The Indians then went on board the sloop, 
seized Capt. Cleveland and Casteel, carried them ashore, and after a long 
consultation killed and scalped the entire party, with the exception of the 
interpreter Casteel, who escaped by calling himself a Frenchman. Casteel 
was afterward ransomed from the Indians for 300 livres, paid by a French 
inhabitant, and after many strange adventures, in July again arrived in Hali- 
fax with this sad tale of Indian treachery, whereby the innocent had been 
made to suffer death for wrongs which others had inflicted. The council 
voted £25 to the widow, Sarah Cleveland, for her interest in the vessel, 
which had been burned, and likewise £30 as a gratuity, together with sim- 
ilar sums to the other parties concerned. These events occurred in the 
third year of the Rev. Aaron Cleveland's ministry at Halifax. His pastor- 
ate, it would appear, continued only for another year, as we read in the 
Halifax Gazette of June loth, 1754 : " Yesterday the Rev. Mr. Cleveland ar- 
rived here from Connecticut in order to settle his Affairs ; but whether he will 
tarry among us is uncertain." A change had gradually taken place in his re- 
ligious views, which led him away from the more stringent tenets of those 
to whom he had heretofore ministered, and brought him into harmony with 
doctrines as held by the Episcopalians. He resolved to take orders in the 
Episcopal Church, and consequently proceeded to England where he was 
ordained by the Bishop of London. It has been stated that during his visit 
to England he became convinced, by inquiry at the Heralds' College in 
London, that the original orthography of his family name was Cleveland 
and not Cle«veland, and that the letter a in the first syllable was an inter- 
polation which had crept in after the family came to America. He may 
therefore have ratified but he cannot have originated the usa»;e of the shorter 
form now common in the United States, since we find in the record of his 
own birth at Cambridge, as likewise in the numerous references made 
to him by newspapers prior to the English trip, that his name was already 
frequently spelled " Cleveland." On Oct. 3d, 1755, after a stormy passage 
of several weeks from London, he again arrived in Halifax. He then re- 
turned to New England and went to Norwich, Conn. He visited Lewes, 
Delaware, but after several months trial found the field unpromising. Later 
he was commissioned by the venerable Society for the Propagation of 
the Gospel in Foreign Parts, to take charge of the Episcopal Church at 
Newcastle, Delaware (then included in Pennsylvania). The original com- 
mission is now to be found in the church records of Newcastle, and bears 
date from the Charter House in London, of July 1st, 1757. Mr. Cleve- 
land went to Newcastle, where he was most cordially received. His pa- 
rishioners having secured and furnished a house for himself and family, he 
set out for Norwich to bring them thither. But in Philadelphia illness 
overtook him, and under the hospitable roof of his distinguished friend, 
Dr. Benjamin Franklin, his life went out. He was buried either in Christ's 
Church, Philadelphia, or its burying ground. In the Pennsylvania Ga- 
zette of August 18th, 1757, Franklin bestows upon him the following 
simple but noble tribute: " On Thursday last [11th Aug.], after a linger- 
ing illness, died here the Rev. Mr. Cleveland, lately appointed to the mis- 

78 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying -Ground. [Jan. 

sion at Newcastle by the Society for Propagating the Gospel. As he was 
a gentleman of a humane and pious disposition, indefatigable in his minis- 
try, easy and affable iu his conversation, open and sincere in his friendship, 
and above every species of meanness and dissimulation, his death is greatly 
lamented by all who knew him, as a loss to the public, a loss to the Church 
of Christ in general, and in particular to that congregation who had pro- 
posed to themselves so much satisfaction from his late appointment among 
them, agreeable to their own request." The sage and statesman thus found 
in him a man worthy of sincere regard and admiration. Intellectual and 
spiritual progress characterized, throughout, the life of the Rev. Aaron 

Note. — I am indebted for corrections made in the above article, to Mr. Edmund 
Janes Cleveland, of Hartford, Conn., whose "Cleveland Genealogy," soon to be 
published, will prove a most interesting and reliable work. The kindness of Hon. 
{Samuel A. Green, of Boston, is likewise to be here gratefully acknowledged. — J3. R. 


By Frank E. Randall, Esq., of New York City. 

1. Eunice dau. of Asahel and Rachel Alvord d. 26 June 1757, re. 5. 

2. Semer son of Obadiah and Catharine Alvord d. 12 May 1793, ae. 5 


3. Margaret wife of John J. Avery d. 6 Nov. 1843, se. 68. 

4. Lydia Ann dau. of Eleazer and Rachel Avery d. 27 Dec. 1824, se. 3. 

5. Abigail consort of Pierpont Bacon d. 8 Mch. 1800, in 77th. yr. 

3 April, 1751, an agreement for the division of the estate of Miriam dau. of Major 
Israel and Hannah Newton (see Nos. 357 and 358), was executed by the following 
heirs : 

Mary wife of John Kellogg of Colchester. 

Abigail wife of Pierpont Bacon of Colchester. 

Israel Newton. 

James Newton as guardian to Asahel Newton a minor. 

Hannah, wife of Stephen Beckwith of Lyme. 

Anstis, wife of John Johnson Jun., of Colchester. 

6. Mr. Pierpont Bacon who after a life of great industry and fidelity and 

after having endowed a school in Colchester with a fund of 35000 
Dollars, died Dec. 30th, 1800, in the 77th yr. of his age. 

7. In memory of a son of Mr. Asa and Mrs. Comfort Baker d. 8 Jan. 


8. Sarah dau. of Abial L. and Sarah Bartholomew d. 2 Mch. 1832, se. 7. 

9. James W. Bartlett b. 8 Oct. 1808 drowned 9 July, 1826. 

10. Betsey Bartlett b. 1 May 1821, d. 5 Jan. 1823. 

11. Lucy Ann wife of J. C. Bartlett of Port Gibson, Miss. d. 6 July, 

1840,a3. 26. 

12. Mary wife of Benjamin Beadle d. 31 Jan. 1781, in 39th. yr. 

13. Mrs. Sibbel, wife of Benjamin Beadle, d. 11 Jan. 1789, in 36th. yr. 

14. Mrs. Hannah, wife of Stephen Beckwith, d. 19 Feb. 1764, in 43rd. 

yr. [See Nos. 5 and 413.] 

1888.] Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. 79 

15. Mr. Ezekiel Beckwith d. 16 Mch. 1818, in 66th. yr. 

16. Mrs. Sybil, relict of Joseph Bester, and formerly the wife of Benja- 

min Roberts, d. 23 Aug. 1822, a3. 88. 

17. Lieut. John Bigelow, d. 8 Mch. 1770, in 94th. yr. 

18. Sarah, wife of Lieut. John Bigelow, d. 13 Oct. 1754, in 75th. yr. 

19. Abigail, the 3rd. wife of Lieut. John Bigelow, d. 1 Aug. 1760 in 

58th. yr. 

20. Sarah, d. of John Bigelow, d. 11 Nov. 1744, in 33rd. yr. 

21. Jonathan, s. of John Bigelow, d. 14 Aug. 1739, in 26th. yr. 

22. Asa Bigelow d. 9 Oct. 1754, in 35th. yr. 

23. Ensign Isaac Bigelow d. 11 Sept. 1751, in 62nd. yr. 

24. Mr. Samuel Bigelow, son of Ensign Isaac Bigelow and Mary his wife, 

d. 5 June 1745, in 21st. yr. 

25. Mrs. Lydia Bigelow, d. of Ens. Isaac and Mrs. Mary Bigelow, d. 16 

May 1745, in 17th. yr. 

26. Asa Bigelow Jun., s. of Asa and Dorothy Bigelow, d. 18 Sep. 1754, 

in 16th. yr. 

27. Jonathan Bigelow d. 13 Jan. 1823, in 83rd. yr. 

28. Betty, dau. of Asa and Dorothy Bigelow, d. 28 Jan. 1752, in 3rd. yr. 

29. Delight, dau. of Asa and Dorothy Bigelow, d. 28 Sep. 1754, in 4th. yr. 

30. Deborah, wife of Mr. Elisha Bigelow, d. 20 Jan. 1773, se. 42. 

31. Mary, wife of Elisha Bigelow, d. 11 Jan. 1765, in 30th. yr. 

32. Elizabeth, wife of Jonathan Bigelow, d. 31 Aug. 1821, in 86th. yr. 

33. James Bigelow d. 23 Nov. 1840, in 77th. yr. 

34. Ann, wife of James Bigelow, d. 25 Oct. 1825, ae. 62. 

35. Alice, d. of Jonathan and Elizabeth Bigelow, d. 13 Dec. 1776, in 

11th. yr. 

36. Jonathan Jr., s. of Jonathan and Elizabeth Bigelow, d. 22 May, 1793, 

in 18 yr. 

37. Austin Bigelow d. 2 Aug. 1859, a3. 67. 

38. Elizabeth, wife of Aaron Bigelow, d. 22 Oct. 1845, 89. 36. 

39. Asa Remick son of Guy and Sarah Ann Bigelow, b. 27 Mch. 1828, d. 

29 April, 1829. 

40. Susan L. d. of Guy and S. A. Bigelow, b. 10 July 1831, d. 7 Apr. 


41. Infant son of Guy and S. A. Bigelow b. and d. 15 April, 1833. 

42. Henry W. son of Guy and S. A. Bigelow, b. 15 July, 1836, d. 22 

Mch. 1838. 

John Bigelow (No. 17), was, according to Dr. Bond, the son of Joshua and Eliza- 
beth (Flagg) Bigelow of Watertown, Mass., where he was born 20 Dec. 1681. His 
first wife was Hannah s — , who died at Colchester, 31 March, 1709, leaving a son, 

1. John, b. 25 Mch. 1709. 

He married 2nd, 4 Nov. 1709, Sarah, dau. of Jonathan aud Rebecca (Shepard) 
Bigelow of Hartford, and had recorded at Colchester : 

2. Sarah, b. 17 July, 1712. (No. 20.) 

3. Jonathan, b. 21 May, 1714. (No. 21.) 

4. Asa, b. 3 Sept. 1720. (No. 22.) 

The will of Lieut John Bigelow of Colchester, dated 18 May, 1769, mentions wife 
Hannah (probably his fourth wife), two sons, David and John, and heirs of his de- 
ceased son Asa. 

Asa Bigelow (No. 22, and son of No. 17) m. 13 Dec. 1737, Dorothy Otis, and had 
recorded at Colchester : 

1 Asa, b. 31 Oct. 1738, d. 18 , 1764. (No. 26.) 

2. Jonathan, b. 10 August, 1740. (No. 27.) 

3. Dorothy, b. 2 Sept. 1742. 


80 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying-Ground. [Jan. 

4. Sarah, b. 13 Nov. 1744. 

6. Otis, b. 4 Jan. 1746-7. 

6. Betty, b. 8 Feb. 1740, d. 28 Jan. 1751-2. (No. 28.) 

7. Delight, b. 25 Feb. 1751, d. 28 Sept. 1764. (No. 29.) 

8. Betty, b. 21 March, 1753. 

9. Asa, b. 12 May, 1755. 

3 Dec. 1754, administration was granted to Dorothy Bigelow of Colchester, on the 
estate of her husband, Asa Bigelow, deceased. 3 April, 1770, his estate was divided 
between sons Jonathan, Otis and Asa, and daughters Sarah and Betty. 

Jonathan Bigelow (No. 27, and son of No. 22) m. 24 May, 1759, Elizabeth Otis 
(dau. of Mary Otis, whose will, proved 4 March, 1788, mentions sons John, Stephen 
and Richard, daughters Elizabeth, wife of Jonathan Bigelow, Lucretia, wife of Rich- 
ard Skinner, Jr., granddaughters Sarah Ann Wattles and Abigail Hide, and grand- 
sons Joseph and Asa, children of her daughter Elcey Hinkley, deceased), and had 
recorded at Colchester : 

1. Delight, b. 24 Dec. 1759. 

2. Dorothy, b. 3 Feb. 1761. 

3. James, b. 16 March, 1764. (No. 33.) 

4. Alcy, b. 21 March, 1766. (No. 35.) 

5. Betty, b. June, 1768. 

6. Sarah Tudor, b. 2 March, 1771. 

7. Eunice, b. 30 June, 1773. 

8. Jonathan, b. 11 August, 1775. (No. 36.) 

David Bigelow (son of 17), m. 11 Dec. 1729, Editha, dau. of John and Mary Day, 
b. 10 Sept. 1705, and had recorded at Colchester: 

1. Hannah, b. 11 Nov. 1730. 

2. David, b. 7 May, 1732. 

3. Amasa, b. 3 Sept. 1733. 

4. Ezra, b. 10 April, 1736. 
6. Daniel, b. 25 May, 1738. 

6. Eli, b. 25 Aug. 1739, d. 10 Aug. 1751. 

7. Azariah, b. 26 Dec. 1741. 

8. Editha, b. 16 March, 1744. 

His wife Editha d. 19 Jan. 1746, and he m. 2nd, 21 Jan. 1747, Mary or Mercy Lew- 
is, and had : 

9. Stephen, b. 27 Oct. 1747, d. 13 Sept. 1748. 

10. Stephen, b. 5 June, 1749, d. 5 Aug. 1751. 

11. Moses, b. 4 Oct. 1750, d. 23 Dec. 1750. 

12. Mercy, b. 23 Nov. 1753. 

John Bigelow (son of 17), m. 22 Oct. 1736, Anna Bate, who d. 22 Sept. 1737, leav- 
ing son 

1. John, b. 2 Sept. 1737-8. 

He m. 2nd, 2 Feb. 1737-8, Sarah Bate, and had recorded at Colchester: 

2. Anna, b. 13 Nov. 1738. 

3. Ephraim, b. 21 Aug. 1740. 

4. Lydia, b. 31 Aug. 1743. 

5. Hannah, b. 31 Oct. 1747. 

6. Mercy, b. 10 Dec. 1749. 

7. Sarah, b. 10 Oct. 1750. 

His will, dated 22 June, 1787, proved 7 March, 1789, mentions wife Sarah, son John, 
Jr., daughters Anne and Sarah, then single, Lydia Hungerford, grandson Ephraim 
Bate Bigelow, granddaughters Mary and Ellis (Alice ?) Bigelow, dau. Mary Bigelow 
and father John Bigelow, deceased. 

Administration on the estate of Sarah Bigelow was granted 12 April, 1796, to Capt. 
Zachariah Hungerford, and her estate was divided between Lydia, wife of Capt. Zach- 
ariah Hungerford, the heirs of Ephraim Bigelow, deceased, Mercy, wife of Joseph 
Arnold, Anne Bigelow and Sarah Bigelow. 

Ensign Isaac Bigelow (No. 23), son of Samuel and Mary (Flagg) Bigelow, b. Wa- 
tertown, Mass., 19 March, 1689-90; there m. 29 Dec. 1709, Mary, dau. of Thomas 
and Sarah (Woolson) Bond, bapt. 7 Dec. 1690, and had recorded at Colchester: 

1. Mercy, b. 23 July, 1711, d. 3 mos. afterwards. 

2. Isaac, b. 4 May, 1713. 

3. Mercy, b. 4 Feb. 1715, m. Lemuel, son of Daniel and Mary (Sherwood) Fitch. 

1888.] Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground* 81 

4. Mary, b. 31 July, 1719, m Waters. 

5. Hannah, b. 2 Oct. 1721, m Clark. 

6. Abigail, b. 13 April, 1723, m. 18 Dec. 1745, Capt. Dijah Fowler. (See Reo. 

vii. 131.) 

7. Samuel, b. 21 Dec. 1724. (No. 24). 

8. Sarah, b. 27 June, 1727, m. Noah Skinner 10 June, 1746. 

9. Lydia, b. 22 April, 1729. (No. 25.) 

10. Elisha, b. 14 April, 1731. (See Nos. 30 and 31.) 

The will of Isaac Bigclow, dated 17 Nov. 1749, proved 9 Nov. 1751, mentions wife 
Mary, 6ons Isaac and Elisha, and daughters Mercy Fitch, Mary Waters, Hannah 
Clark, Abigail Fowler and Sarah Skinner. 

His widow Mary Bigclow died 9 Jan. 1775, " aged about 82." 

Elisha Bigclow (son of No. 23) m. 1st, 21 May, 1751, Mary (No. 31), daughter of 
Jonathan Kilborn, and had recorded at Colchester : 

1. Elisha, b. 17 Jan. 1752. 

2. Molle, b. 28 Aug. 1753. 

3. Bond, b. 18 May, 1755. 

4. Mary, b. 19 May, 1757. 

5. Noah, b. 7 Feb. 1759. 

6. Joel, b. 9 Jan. 1761. 

7. Lydia, b. 12 Dec. 17G2. 

His wife Mary died 11 Jan. 1765, and he m. 2d, 2 Oct. 1765, Deborah Chapman 
(No. 30), of E. Haddam, and had: 

8. Deborah, b. 13 Oct. 1766. 

9. Hannah, b. 10 Feb. 1768. 

10. Aaron, b. 19 June, 1769. 

11. Isaac, b. 23 Jan. 1771. 

12. Robert, b. 19 Jan. 1773, d. 23 Jan. 1773. 

His wife Deborah died 21 Jan. 1773, and he m. 3d, 6 Aug. 1773, Thankful Beebe, 
vid had : 

13. Samuel, b. 19 May, 1774, d. 28 March, 1775. 

14. Samuel, b. 19 Nov. 1775, d. 2 Feb. 1778. 

15. Thankful, b. 7 April, 1777. 

16. Lucy, b. 30 Aug. 1779. 

17. Olynda, b. 31 July, 1781. 

i 8 9:A p dl;irgh.J twina ' b — m3 - 

20. Betty, b. 9 May, 1786. 

Isaac Bigelow (son of 23), m. 11 March, 1734, Abigail Skinner (probably dau. of 
Ebenezcr, and b. 9 July, 1715), and had recorded at Colchester; 

1. Abigail, b. 1 Jan. 1734-5. (400.) 

2. Ann, b. 7 March, 1736. 

3. Isaac, b. 7 Nov. 1737. 

4. Timothy, b. 18 Nov. 1739. 

5. Amassai, b. 28 Dec. 1741, d. 18 Jan. 1741-2. 

6. Mary, b. 2 Feb. 1743. 

7. Lydia, b. 2 May, 1745. 

8. Margaret, b. 2 Aug. 1747. 

9. Jerusha, b. 8 March, 1748-9. 

10. llubey, b. 14 Dec. 1750. 

11. Samuel, b. 1 Nov. 1752. 

43. John Breed d. 2 May 1803 in 51st. yr. 

44. Lucy wife of John Breed d. 30 Dec. 1821 ge. 72. 

45. Sarah Ann, wife of David Breed Jr., and dau. of Dea. Samuel Gil- 

lette of Colchester, d. 8 Aug. 1849 as. 28. 

46. Edmund Bridges d. 29 May 1759 in his 72d. yr. 

47. Mrs. Esther Bridges, relict of Mr. Edmund Bridges, d. 9 Oct. 1769, 

in her 82d. yr. (82 ?) 
48.] Mr. Samuel Bridges d. 22 Dec. 1788 in his 58th. yr. 
4V Willard Briggs d. 27 Nov. 1865 ae. 78 yrs. 8 mos. 
,50. Maria wife of Willard Briggs d. 26 Jan. 1849 se. 56. 
VOL. xlii. 8 

82 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying-Ground. [Jan. 

51. Willard s. of Willard and Maria Briggs d. 5 Oct. 1840, a3. 16. 

52. Abigail Brown d. 26 Jan. 1823 33. 78. 

53. Miss Harriet Brown, d. 30 July, 1825 a). 38. [16. 

54. John Mason son of John and Mary Ann Brown, d. 22 May 1840 ae. 

55. Rev. John Bulkeley First minister of the 1st. church in Colchester, 

son of the Rev. Gershom Bulkeley and Sarah Chauncey of Weth- 
ersfield Ct. and gr. son of the Rev. Peter Bulkeley and Grace Chet- 
wood of Concord Mass., formerly of Bedfordshire Eng., b. 1679 d. 
10 June 1731. 

56. Hon. John Bulkeley d. 21 July 1753 in 49th. year. Coat of Arms 

with Motto, " By the name of Bulkeley." 

57. Mrs. Mary Bulkeley, consort of Hon. John Bulkeley, d. 24 Jan. 1750 

in 38th. yr. 

58. Mrs. Sarah, wife of Dr. Oliver Bulkley d. 8 Dec. 1746 in 26th. yr. 

59. Mrs. Lucy, wife of Peter Buckly d. 21 Aug. 1754 in 33rd. yr. 

60. Mrs. Susannah Bulkley, relict of Peter Bulkley d. 26th of Aug. 1799 

in 65th. yr. 

61. Noah Bulkley d. 16 Apr. 1776 in 33rd. yr. 

62. Ralph, s. of Noah and Ann Bulkley, d. 3 Sept. 1775 in 6th. yr. 

63. George, s. of Noah and Anne Bulkley, d. 12 Sep. 1775 in 5th yr. 

64. Timothy, son of Noah and Anne Bulkley, d. 28 Oct. 1774 in 3rd. 


65. Peter Bulkley d. 7 Aug. 1800 in 57th. yr. 

66. Mrs. Hannah, relict of Mr. Peter Bulkeley, d. 20 Mch. 1809, in 

59th. yr. [yr, 

67. Mrs. Dorothy, wife of Mr. Daniel Bulkley, d. 17 Aug. 1781, in 34tl 

68. Gorden, only son of Joshua and Lois Bulkley, d.27 June 1776, bb. 12 

69. Anna, only dau. of Joshua and Miss Lois Bulkley, d. 6 July 1776, in 

5th. yr. 

70. Elijah Bulkley, d. 31 July 1842 ae. 76. 

71. Pamela, wife of Elijah Bulkley, d. 30 Dec. 1858 33. 87. 

72. John C. Bulkeley d. 22 April, 1844 se. 73. [59. 

73. Mrs. Sally Bulkley, wife of John C. Bulkley, d. Oct. 1834 ae. 

74. Frederick Bulkley d. 2 Nov. 1801 se. 29. 

75. Sophia Foote, wife of Oliver Bulkeley, d. 25 Apr. 1860 33. 78. 

76. John W. Bulkley d. 12 Mch. 1850, 33. 63. 

77. John T. Jr., s. of Jno. T. and Clarissa P. Bulkeley, d. 10 Feb. 1860 

a3. 13. 

Rev. Mr. John Bulkeley (No. 65) had recorded at Colchester; 

1. Sarah, b. 8 April, 1702. 

2. A daughter, b. 6 May, 1704, d. same day. 

n, b. 19 April, 1705. (No. 56.) 

4. Dorothy, b. 28 Feb. 1706. 

5. Gershom, b. 4 Feb. 1708-9, m. Abigail Robbins. 

6. Charles, b. 26 Dec. 1710. 

7. Peter, b. 21 Nov. 1712. 

8. Patience, b. 21 March, 1715. 

9. Olever, b. 29 July, 1717. (See 58.) 

10. Lucee, b. 29 Jan. 1719-20. 

11. Irene, b. 10 Feb. 1721-2, d. 20 March, 1722. 

12. Joseph, b. 10 Feb. 1721-2, d. 25 March, 1722. 

An agreement for the division of the estate of the Rev. John Bulkley, dated H7 
July, 1733, was signed by these heirs, Charles, Gershom and Peter Bulkley; Sa^ah 
Trumble ; and Dorothy, Patience and Oliver Bulkley. 

L888.] Col. Chester's Plan of Genealogical Research, 83 

Hon. John Bulkley (No. 56) m. 29 Oct. 1738, Mary Gardner, and had recorded at 
Colchester : 
lc Lydia, b. 21 Oct. 1739. 

2. Mary, b. 22 May, 1741, d. 1 June, 1741. 

3. John, b. 20 Mav, 1742, d. 13 Nov. 1742. 

4. Mary, b. 15 Nov. 1743. 

5. Eliphalet, b. 8 Aug. 1746. 

6. Lucy, b. 2 Aug. 1749. 

His wife Mary d. 24 Jan. 1749-50. 

Administration on estate of Hon. John Bulkley was granted to his widow Abigail 
Julkley, and to Epaphras Lord, 5 Dec. 1753. His estate was divided 4 April, 1757, 
ietween his widow Abigail, his sons Eliphalet and Charles, and daughters Lydia, 
lary and Lucy. 

Gershom Bulkley m. Abigail Robins, 27 Nov. 1733, and had recorded at Colchester: 

1. Sarah, b. 10 Nov. 1735. 

His estate was divided 4 May, 1790, between his widow Abigail; his sons John, 
)avid, Daniel (see 67) and Roger; and his daughters Sarah Taintor, Eunice Lord 
nd Anne Swan. 

The will of Abigail Bulkley, dated 19 Feb. 1790, in which she calls herself advanc- 
1 in age, mentions five sons, John, Joshua (see 68-9), David, Daniel and Roger, and 
iree daughters, Sarah Tainter, Eunice Lord and Anne Swan. 

8. Content, wife of Nathan Eurdick, d. 5 July 1834 ae. 61. 

9. John T. Burgess, who lost his life by the explosion of the steamer 

New England 6 Oct. 1833, se. 22. 

[To be continued.] 


rHE following paper by the late Col. Joseph L. Chester, LL.D., 
D.C.L., of whom a memoir is printed in the Register, vol. 
xxviii. pp. 1-20,* was sent to the Rev. Caleb Davis Bradlee, the 
orresponding secretary of the Historic Genealogical Society, in the 
itter part of 1862 or early in 1863. Mr. Bradlee handed it to me 
)r publication in the Register. I prepared an introduction and 
mt it to the printer, but before it was in type Col. Chester request- 
H that it should not be printed at that time. 

The voluminous extracts from Parish Registers, of which Col. 
Chester left eighty-seven folio volumes, copied from the registers of 
arishes in nearly all the counties of England, f give an idea of what 

* Since that memoir was printed, I have ascertained the exact day that Col. Chester 
ft tin's country, namely, August 25, 1858. In a letter to William H. Upton, Esq., now 
? Walla Walla, W. T., dated" 24 August, 1878, he writes : " I came to this country direct 
om Washington, exactly twenty years ago, having left Washington on the 24th of Au- 
ist, 1858, and sailing from Boston the next day." He was one of forty-two passengers 
the steamer Niagara, whose names are given in the Boston Daily Advertiser, August 
>, 1858. His name is there printed, " Col. James M. Chester of Washington." 
Mr. Upton of Walla Walla has sent me copies of twenty interesting letters which he re- 
eved from Col. Chester in the years 1876 to 1881, which, with material from other cor- 
ispondents, is preserved in the archives of this society for the use of the person who writes 
ic memoir of Col. Chester for our " Memorial Biographies." 

t A list of these parish registers will be found in the Register, vol. xxxviii. pp. 17-18. 
he estimated value of this collection, according to G. E. Cokayne, Esq., M.A., F.S.A., 
orroy King of Arms, was £4350, but he offered it as executor for £3000. Mr. Foster, in 
s annotations to London Marriage Licences (see Register, vol. XL. p. 429;, states that 
the College of Arms acquired these manuscripts in 1886." 

s 1 Col. Chester s Plan of Genealogical Research. [Jan. 

lie would have done had lie received sufficient encouragement to 
carry out his plan. — Editor. 

Hitherto, investigations respecting the genealogy of the early settlers of 
New England have heen pursued in an informal and desultory manner, 
and those more extensive and successful have chiefly been confined to spe- 
cial cases, each involving an amount of labor and expense that might have 
produced more general results. The MS. Pedigrees, preserved at the 
British Museum and other public institutions, are, doubtless, valuable so 
far as they go, but they are generally sadly deficient in dates and other 
local particulars, and therefore are oftentimes indistinct and unsatisfactory. 
The same uncertainty exists in the copies of Wills preserved at Doctors' 
('ominous and elsewhere, records of Deeds and other conveyances, the in- 
formation contained in which, although important, is never complete and 
decisive. The only sources from which reliable particulars can be derived 
are, unquestionably, the various Parish Registers throughout England, 
wherein were recorded the Baptisms (closely succeeding the Births) Mar- 
riages aud Burials of the entire population of the country. 

I propose a careful, thorough and systematic examination of these regis- 
ters — parish by parish and county by county — a labor which, if performed 
throughout England, would require much time and expense, and which 
could not be properly performed except by one imbued with a love of the 
pursuit, and also possessed of more than ordinary facilities for engaging iu 
it. These records are not thrown open freely to the inspection of the pub- 
lic, and the regular, established fees that would have to be paid to their 
various custodians, were every parish in England thus inspected, would 
amount to an aggregate truly startling. Fortunately I should be able to 
overcome much of this difficulty. In the prosecution of certain literary 
labor during the past two years, I have made the acquaintance, either per- 
sonally or by correspondence, of a very large proportion of the clergy of 
the Established Church, who would generally, I am persuaded, place the 
registers of their respective parishes at my disposal. 

To examine all the parish registers of England would necessarily involve 
the labor of years. I propose, therefore, to commence with a single county, 
or rather, to take a circle, say fifty or sixty miles in diameter, embracing 
the northern portion of the county of Essex and the southern portion of 
Suffolk — within which limits is comprised the region from whence most of 
the early New England settlers emigrated — at least, those of the most im- 
portance. This section embraces from three to four hundred parishes — 
although, owing to numerous unions, the registers of two or more parishes 
will be found deposited at present in one place. 

I propose, being furnished with a list of surnames — say twenty, fifty, or 
even more — such as may be deemed of the most importance — to go care- 
fully and patiently over every one of these registers, from the commence- 
ment down to as late as say L650 (or even 1700). and extract every entry 
referring to one and all of those surnames — including baptisms, marriages and 
burials, witli their respective dates — as well as any other entries in which 
those names may appear — and also to make the same careful examination of 
all the monumental inscriptions in the various churches and church-yards — 
from which additional items of great importance are often gleaned. 

I propose also, when visiting these parishes, to ascertain if any families 
arc ^liH remaining bearing any of those surnames, aud to acquire from tin m 
any information in their possession, either of a traditional character or to 

1888. Official Positions of Alumni of Yale. 85 

be derived from their family records — securing, if possible, any autograph 
letters, portraits, &c. &c, that may throw light upon the subjects of my in- 

I have the best reasons for believing that a system thus carefully and 
earnestly pursued, cannot fail to result in the discovery of valuable addi- 
tions not only to the genealogy, but to the personal history of the fathers 
of New England. The mass of materials thus acquired can afterwards be 
readily arranged in tabular form, or otherwise, as may seem best and most 
convenient for reference. 

Having completed the examination of this particular district, the import- 
ance and value of the results can be safely tested — and it can then be de- 
termined whether the labor shall be pursued in other neighborhoods. 



By Richard H. Greene, A.M., of New York City. 

YALE UNIVERSITY cannot start, like her elder sister Harvard, 
with two presidents (Adams, father and son) among her graduates, 
but the able article by Judge Richardson in the Register for July, 1887, 
has induced this compilation from the last Yale triennial. 

Class Vice-President U. S. 

1804 John Caldwell Calhoun. 

Cabinet Officers. 

1787 Oliver Wolcott, Sec. Treasury. 

1785 Return J. Meigs, Post-Master General. 

1787 Gideon Granger, " " 

1791 Peter B. Porter, Sec. of War. 

1804 John C. Calhoun, " 

" John C. Calhoun, Sec. of State. 

1811 Francis Granger, Post-Master General. 

1813 George E. Badger, Sec. of Navy. 

1815 John M. Clayton, Sec. of State. 

1819 Samuel D. Hubbard, Post-Master General. 

1833 Alphonzo Taf't, Sec. of War. 

" Alphonzo Talt, Atty. General. 

1837 William M. Bvarta, Atty. General. 

1837 Edwards Pierrepont, " 

1837 William M. Evarts, Sec. of State. 

1853 I. Wayne MacVeagh, Atty. General. 
1863 William C. Whitney, Sec. of Navy. 17 

National Officers. 
1858 William N. Armstrong, Atty. Gen. Sandwich Islands. 1 

1844 Charles II. Crane, Surgeon Gen. U. S. A. 1 

1837 Morrison R. Waite, Chief Justice U. S. 1 

1845 William Smith, Chief Justice Canada. 1 

1862 A. Francis Judd, Chief Justice Sandwich Islands. 1 

1797 Henry Baldwin, Associate Justice U. S. Supreme Court. 

1828 William Strong, " " " " " 2 

1854 Yung Wing, A. E. E. and M. P., from China. 
VOL. xlii. 8* 


Official Positions of Alumni of Yale. 



'. S. Senators. 


William Samuel Johnson. 


John Wales. 


John S. Hobart. 



C. Bates, 


Simeon Olcott. 


Gideon Tomlinson. 

1 7(53 

Stephen M. Mitchell. 



>hn C. Calhoun. 


Theodore Sedgwick. 



-bez W. Huntington. 


Abraham Baldwin. 



laddeus Betts. 


James Hill house. 



S. Baldwin. 


S. R. Bradley. 



S. Phelps. 


S. W. Datiaf 



)hn Davis. 


Chaunev Goodrich. 



>orge E. Badger. 


James Watson. 



isha K. Kane. 


Nathaniel Chipnian. 



hn M. Clayton. 


Uriah Tracy. 


Truman Smith. 


Israel Smith. 



lius Rockwell. 


Ashur Robbing. 


Francis Gillette. 


David Daggett. 


Tr usten Polk. 


Ray Greene. 


Allen T. Caperton. 


Return J. Meigs. 



". M. Evarts. 


Stanley Griswold. 



3nry L. Dawes. 


Christopher Ellery. 



Tin S. Ferry. 


Jeremiah Mason. 


William B. VVashburn. 


James Lanman. 



Gratz Brown. 


John Elliot. 


William M. Stewart. 


S. A. Foote. 



L. Gibson. 


Horatio Seymour. 


Joseph E. Brown. 50 


S. Judiciary. 


AVilliam B. Woods, 

5th Circuit Ga., Flo., Ala., Miss. 



Richard Law, 





John S. Hobart, 


N. Y. 


Nathaniel Chipman, 




Oliver W olcott, 

« < 



Matthew B. Tallmadge, 


N. Y. 


Henry Baldwin, 




William Bristol, 




John K. Kane, 




William Strong, 




Louis B. Woodruff, 




Alexander S. Johnson, 


N. Y. 


L. E. Wales, 




AVilliam B. Woods, 




R. R. Nelson, 

( i 



Nathaniel Shipman, 




E. 0. Billings, 




D. J. Brewer, 




H. B. Brown, 




Le Baron B. Colt, 




0. H. P. Shiias, 


Iowa. 21 

U. S. Ministers Plenipotentiary, &c. 


Silas Deane. 


Aiphonzo Taft. 


David Humphreys. 


Henry W. Ellsworth. 


Joel Barlow. 



wards Pierrepont. 


James Gadsden. 



R. Jackson. 


R. 1. lngersoll. 


James O. Putnam. 


Charles J. McCurdy. 



hn W. Fearn. 


Ashbel Smith. 



Wayne McVeagh. 


John Cotton Smith. 



1). White. 


Peter Parker. 



T. Croxton. 


A. S. W illiams. 



<;ene Schuyler. 


Cassius M. Clay. 


William Walter Phelps. 


Official Positions of Alumni of Yale. 


Judges State Courts. 






Samuel Lynde, Super. Conn. 
William Smith, Sup. N. Y. 
Daniel Edwards, Super. Conn. 
Thomas Fitch, Chf. Sup. Conn. 
Joshua Babeock, Chf. Sup. R. I. 
John Bulkley, Super. Conn. 
Ebenezer Silliman, Sup. Conn. 
David Ogden, Super. N. J. 

Sup. N. J. 
Robert Walker, Super. Conn. 
Eliphalet Dyer, Chf. Super. Conn. 
William Samuel Johnson, Sup. Ct. 
Richard Morris, Chf. Sup. N. Y. 
Thomas Jones, Sup. N. Y. 
Richard Law, Chf. Super. Conn. 
Paul Mumford, Chf. Super. R. 1. 
Simeon Strong, Sup. Mass. 
John S. Hobart, Chf. Sup. N. Y. 
Jabez Bowen, Sup. R. I. 
Jonathan Sturgess, Super. Conn. 
Andrew Adam, Chf. Super. Conn. 
Benj. Huntington, Super. Conn. 
Simeon Olcott, Chf. Sup. N. H. 
Stephen M. Mitchell, Chf. Sup. Ct. 
Theodore Sedgwick, Sup. Mass. 
Jonathan Ingersoll, Super. Conn. 
John Trumbull, Super. Conn. 
Enoch Woodbridge, Chf. Sup. Vt. 
Stephen R. Bradley, Sup. Vt. 
Daniel Lyman, Sup. R. 1. 
Nathaniel Chipman, Chf. Sup. Vt. 
William Edmond,Sup. Conn. 
Stephen Jacob, Chf. Sup. Vt. 
Asher Miller, Super. Conn. 
Noah Smith, Sup. Vt. 
Zcplianiah Swift, Chf. Sup. Conn. 
J. G. Brainard, Sup. Conn. 
Roger Griswold, Sup. Conn. 
Simeon Baldwin, Sup. Conn. 
Daniel Farrand, Sup. Vt. 
James Kent, Chf. Sup. N. Y. 
Israel Smith, Chf. Sup. Vt. 
S. T. llosmer, Chf. Sup. Conn. 
David Daggett, Chf. Sup. Conn. 
John Cotton Smith, Sup. Conn. 
Return J. Meigs, Sup. 0. 
Samuel Huntington, Chf. Sup. 0. 
Stanley Griswold, Sup. 111. 
Abram Mott, Sup. S. C. 
James Lanman, Sup. Conn. 
John Wadsworth, Sup. N. Y. 
John T. Peters, Sup. Conn. 
Samuel Jones, Sup. N. Y. 

Chf. Super. N. Y. 
James Griswold, Sup. Conn. 
Asa Chapman, Sup. Conn. 
Roger M. Sherman. Sup. Conn. 
William Botsford. Chf. Sup. N. B. 
James C. Esten, Chf.Sup. Bermud. 
Thomas S. Williams, Chf.Sup. Ct. 
George Tod, Sup. O. 
William Bristol , Sup. Conn. 
Joel Doolittle, Sup. Vt. 
Tho's J. Oakley, Chf. Super. N.Y. 

1801 Peter Hitchcock, Chf. Super. 0. 

1802 J. N. Couch, Chf. Sup. 0. 

1802 Samuel Hubbard. Sup. Mass. 

1803 Samuel Church, Chf. Sup. Conn. 
1801 John P. Hampton, Sup. Mpi. 

1805 Clark Bissell, Sup. Conn. 

1806 Henry Carleton, Sup. La. 

1806 Jabez W. Huntington, Sup. Conn. 

1807 James Sutherland, Sup. N. Y. 

1808 0. I. Battell, Chf. Super. Ind, 

1808 S. W. Kobbins, Sup. Ky. 

1809 Henry M. Waite, Chf. Sup. Conn. 

1810 Edward Avery, Sup. 0. 

1810 W. W. Ellsworth, Sup. Conn. 

1810 Frederick Grimke, Sup. 0. 

1811 M. L. Bennett, Sup. Vt. 
1811 Levi Monson, Sup. N. Y. 
1811 S. S. Phelps, Sup. Vt. 

1811 S. B. Strong, Sup. N. Y. 

1812 1. T. Preston, Sup. La. 

1813 G. E. Badger, Super. Ga. 

1814 John Law, Super. Ind. 

1814 W. L. Storrs, Sup. Conn. 

1815 John M. Clayton, Chf. Sup. Del. 

1815 T. A. Marshall, Chf. Sup. Ky. 

1816 Henry W . Taylor, Sup. N. Y. 

1816 George Winchester, Sup. Mpi. 

1817 C. J. McCurdy, Sup. Conn. 

1817 R. P. Spelding,Sup. 0. 

1818 Francis Bugbee, Sup. Ala. 
1818 Francis II. Cone, Sup. Ga. 
1818 Henry Dutton, Sup. Conn. 
1818 F. Whittlesey, Sup. N. Y. 

1822 William Rockwell, Sup. N. Y. 

1823 Horace Wilder, Sup. O. 

1824 0. S. Seymour, Chf. Sup. Conn. 

1825 Thomas Slidell, Chf. Sup. La. 

1825 William B. Fleming, Super. Ga. 

1826 Julius Rockwell, Sup. Mass. 

1826 Henry Z. Hayner, Chf. Sup. Minn. 

1827 Henry P. Edwards, Sup. N. Y. 
1827 George Gould, Sup. N. Y. 
1827 Henry Hoogeboom, Sup. N. Y. 

1827 W. 11. Welch, Chf. Sup. Minn. 

1828 T. B. Butler, Chf. Sup. Conn. 
1828 William Strong, Sup. Penn. 

1830 Louis B. Woodruff, Appeals, N. Y. 

1830 L. B. Woodruff, Super. N. Y. 

1830 Edward Hammond, Sup. Md. 

1833 Alphonso Taft, Super. Cin. 

1834 John W. Houston, Super. Del. 
1834 W. T. Minor, Super. Conn. 
1834 James N. Lea, Sup. La. 

1834 Win. N. H. Smith, Cui Sup. N.C. 

1835 Alex. S. Johnson, Chf. App. N. Y. 

1835 II. W. Sheffey, Super. \'a. 

1836 E. P. Cowles, Sup. N. Y. 

1837 Edwards Pierrepont, Super. N. Y. 

1837 J. P. Putnam, Super. Mass. 

1838 William F. Cooper, Sup. Tenn. 
1838 William Strong, Sup. Or. & Wash. 

1838 William S. Fleming, Super. Tenn. 

1839 II. II. Jackson, Super. Ga. 

1840 Henry Boothe, Super. 111. 


Official Positions of Alumni of Yah. 



184 L 





G. D. Lamont, Sup. N. Y. 1847 

K. 11. Williams, Sup. low. 1848 

Joseph V. Barnard, Chf.Sup. N.Y. 1849 

Lucien Birdseye, Sup. Is'. Y. 1851 

Gilbert Dean, Sup. X. Y. 1852 

William L. Learned, Sup. N. Y. 1852 

II. A. Scuddcr, Super. Mass. 1856 

Douglass Boardman, Sup. N. Y. 1856 

John A. Peters, Chf. Sup. Me. 1856 

Isaac Atwater, Chf. Sup. Minn. 1858 

Leonard E. Wales, Super. Del. I860 

Rensselaer R. Nelson. Super. Minn, i860 

Joseph E. Brown, Sup. Ga. 1863 

George G. Barnard, Sup. N. Y. 1863 

John M. Berry, Sup. Minn. 1866 

Charles P. Sanford, Super. N. Y. 1868 

E. I. Sanford, Super. Conn. 
Dwight Foster. Sup. Man. 
Francis M. Finch, Appeals, N. Y. 
L. E. Munson, Sup. Mon. 
Lawrence McCully, Sup. Hawaii. 
Clias. E. Vanderbruph, Sup. Minn. 
II. B. Brown, Super. Mich. 
B. I). Magruder, Sup. 111. 
D. J. Brewer, Sup. Ka. 
George P. Andrews, Sup. N.Y. 
R. N. Willson, Super. P. 
M. P. Knowlton, Super. Mass. 

I. G. Yann, Sup. N. Y. 

II. 11. Ingersoll, Sup. Tenn. 
Charles F. Brown, Sup. N. Y. 
LeB. B. Colt, Super. R. I. 160 


Samuel Jones, N. Y. 1781 James Kent, N. Y. 

Frederick Whittlesey, N. Y. 1842 Theodore Runyon, N. J. 

Delegates to Congress. 

Philip Livingston. 
Eliphalet Dyer. 
William Livingston. 
William Samuel Johnson. 
Lewis Morris. 
John Morin Scott. 
Oliver Wolcott. 
Lyman Hall. 
James Wadsworth. 
Joseph P. Cooke. 
Richard Law. 
Paul Mumford. 
Ezra L'Hommedieu. 
Titus llosmer. 
Silas Deane. 
Jonathan Sturgess. 
Andrew Adams. 
Benjamin Huntington. 
Nathan Brownson. 
S. M. Mitchell. 
Theodore Sedgwick. 
M. Cutler. 
J a red Ingersoll. 
John Davenport. 
Samuel Lyman. 
Joseph Barker. 
Abram Baldwin. 
Amasa Learned. 
John Reed. 
James Hillhouse. 
Benjamin Tallmadge. 
S. W. Dana. 
Ebenezer Huntington. 
Cliauncy Goodrich. 
William Lyman. 
William Edmond. 
Jonathan N. Havens. 
James Davenport. 
Kzekiel Gilbert. 
Ebenezer Sage. 
Zephaniah .Swift. 
Uriah Tracy. 
Jonathan Brace. 

1779 Eliezur Goodrich. 

1780 Roger Griswold. 

1780 Jonathan O. Moseley. 

1781 Simeon Baldwin. 

1781 Israel Smith. 

1782 John Lovett. 

1782 Louis B. Sturgess. 

1783 Josiah Masters. 

1783 John Cotton Smith. 

1784 Uriel Holmes. 

1785 Barnabas Bid well. 
1785 John D. Dickinson. 

1785 Timothy Pitkin. 

1786 John Bird. 
1786 Phineas Bruce. 
1786 T. R. Gold. 

1786 11. W. Livingston. 

1786 Elias Perkins. 

1786 Nathaniel Terry. 

1786 S. B. Sherwood. 

1787 William Ely. 
1787 Gaylord Griswold. 
1787 Chauncy Langdon. 
1787 Abraham Nott. 
1789 D. Kirtland. 

1789 Uri Tracy. 

1790 Joseph Kirkland. 

1791 Samuel M. Hopkins. 
1791 Lyman Law. 

1791 Peter B. Porter. 

1792 Samuel Lathrop. 
1791 Ezekiel Bacon. 

1794 Thomas S. Williams. 

179* Henry Baldwin. 

17!)7 Samuel A. Foote. 

1799 Thomas II. Hubbard. 

1799 Henry Meigs. 

1800 Thomas P. Grosvenor. 
1800 BUsha Phelps. 

1800 Lemuel Whitman. 

1801 Peter Hitchcock. 
1801 Joseph Trumbull. 
1801 Thomas J. Oakley. 


Official Positions of Alumni of Yale, 



Tsnac C Bates. 



Gideon Tomlinson. 



L. P. Dennis. 



John ('. Calhoun. 



John M. Felder. 



David Plant. 



M. Sterling. 



11. R. Storra. 



S. S. Conner. 



Jabez W. Huntington. 



Phineas L. Tracy. 



Ebenezei Young. 



John P. Cushman. 



Justin Dwinell. 



R. I. [ngersoll. 



Charles B. Clark. 



W. W. Ellsworth. 



A Bruyn Hasbrouck. 



Frank Granger. 



Sela B. Strong. 



Frederick A. Tallmadge. 



W. W. B tardman. 



John Davis. 


181 ! 

William B. Calhoun. 



John Law. 



William L. Storrs. 



Orrin Fowler. 



I. E. Holmes. 



T. A. Marshall. 



Truman Smith. 



William A. Moseley. 



William Whittlesey. 



Thomas B. Osborne. 



Rufus P. Spalding. 



Thomas T. Whittlesey. 



Richard D. Davis. 



Fred. Whittlesey. 



Graham 11. < Ihapin. 



Samuel D. Hubbard. 



Garnett Duncan. 



•John 11. Brockway. 



Frederick W. Lord. 



John M. Holley. 


( Isman 15 iker. 


John A . Rockwell. 




E. 1 lickins >n. 


( ,'harli s Stetson. 



E. W. Leavenworth. 


Orig< S Seymour. 



ge 0. Woodruff. 



Thomas Fitch. 



w illiara Livingston, N. J. 



Oliver Wolcott. 



u Hall, Ga. 



an Brownson, Ca. 


J >hn Tread well. 



William Hull. .Mich. 



Oliver Wolcott. 



;■ Grit* wold. 



el Smith. 



John C. Smith. 

Kcturn J. Meigs. 

Julius Rockwell. 
David L. Seymour. 
E. II. C. Long. 
Christopher Morgan. 
William Strong. 
T. B. Butler. 
Thomas A. Spence. 
Edward Hammond. 
James Knox. 
M. Shoonmaker. 
A. Starkey Williams. 
John W . Houston. 
John II. Tweedy. 
William II. Washington. 
William N. B. Smith. 
John E Seeley. 
Henry C. Deming. 
A. F. Owen. 
William P. Lynde. 
Henry L. Dawes. 
Willard P. Hall. 
Richard D. Hubbard. 
John Perkins. 
Lazarus D. Shoemaker. 
William T. S. Barry. 
Gilbert Dean. 
William Iv Robinson. 
I. E. Hiester. 
John A. Peters. 
Benjamin T. Eames. 
Roswell Hart. 
Eli S. Shorter. 
Orris S. Ferry. 
William B. Washburn. 
Constantine C. Estey. 
Carter II. Harrison. 
Stephen W. Kellogg. 
Jacob K. McKentey. 
William D. Bishop. 
Augustus Brandagce. 
Ellis 11. Roberts. 
R. J. Haldeman. 
William W. Crapo. 
Randal L. Gibson. 
Iv W . Seymour. 
D. P. Richardson. 
Loundes II . Davis. 
William Walter Phelps. 
John Dalzelle. 
Charles A. Russell. 

Samuel Huntington. 
8 Augustus I* '■>' ite. 
Joseph Trumbull. 
( lharles 1 1 . Pond. 
Gideon Tomlinson. 
Clark B I well. 

w. w. Ellsworth. 

r S B ildwiii. 
.John I);' 

I le '.r> Dutton. 
Seabury Ford, O. 
W. W. lloppin, R.I. 




Official Positions of Alumni of Yale. 







James 11. Adams, S. C. 
Trusteu Polk, Mo. 
William T. Minor. 
Samuel J. Tilden.N. Y. 
\V. Prebel Hall. 
It. 1). Hubbard. 
Charles R. lugersoll. 
Henry 11. Haight, Cal. 

lft 11 William P». Washburn, Mass. 

1846 Joseph E. Brown. 

1846 11. P>. Harrison. 

1847 F. G. M. Ilolliday, Va. 
1847 B. Grata Brown, Mo. 
1862 D. H. Chamberlain, S. C. 
1867 George P. Wetmore, R. 1. 

1757 Edmund Fanning, Prin. Ed. I. 40 

Presidents of Colleges. 

Jonathan Dickinson, N. J. 
Samuel Johnson, Columb. 
Jonathan Edwards, N.J. 
Eleaeer VVheelock, Dart. 
Aaron Burr, N. J. 
Wm. Samuel Johnson, Columb 
Ezra Stiles, Y. 
Naphtali Daggett, Y. 
Stephen West, Will. 
John H. Livingston, Rutg. 
Timothy Dwight, Y. 
Abram Baldwin, U. Ga. 
Eleazur Fitch, Will. 
Josiah Meigs, U. Ga. 
Samuel Austin, U. Vt. 
A. Backus, Hamil. 
Edward D. Griffin, Will. 
Jeremiah Atwater, Dickin. 
Jeremiah Day, Y. 
Henry Davis, Hamil. 
Lyman Beecher, Lane T. 
Bethel Judd, St. Jno. 
Daniel Haskell, U. Vt. 
William Maxwell, Hamp. Sd. 

D. A. Sherman, E. Ten. 

S. Edwards Dwight, Hamil. 
Horace Holly, Trans. U. 
Bennet Tyler, Dart. 

" E. V. Theol. 
Heman Humphrey, Amh. 
Simeon Colton, Miss. 
William Tully, Med. 
Alexander 11. Stevens, Med. 
A. B. Hasbrouck, Rutg. 

E. W. Baldwin, Wab. 
E. Delafield, Med. 

D. B. Douglass, K. 
A. B. Longstreet, S. C. 
N. S. Wheaton, Trin. 
James A. Fox, Jeff. Mpi. 
A. Kent, Beloit. 
George E. Pierce, W. Res. 
Thomas M. Smith, Keny. 
William 11. DeLancey, U. 
Joel Jones, Girard. 
Hector Humphrey, St. Jno 


1819 John 11. Lathrop, U. Wis. 

U. Ind. 

1820 Theodore D. Woolsey, Y. 

1821 T. E. W. Coit, Trans. 

1822 Edward Beecher, 111. 
1822 Ithamar Pillsbury, McD. 

1825 Simeon North, Hamil. 

1826 Julian M. Sturtevant, 111. 

1827 William Adams, U. The. 
1827 Henry Durant, Cal. 

1827 W. W. Hudson, Mo. 

1828 Frederick A. P. Barnard, Mpi. 


1830 Henry Barnard, U. Wis. 

" " St. Jno. 

1831 Noah Porter, Y. 

1832 Henry L. Hitchcock, W. Res. 
1835 Samuel Ware Fisher, Hamil. 
1835 George W. McPhail, La Fay. 


1837 A. L. Chapin, Beloit. 

1839 Charles G. Stille, U. Penn. 

1840 William Chauvenet, Was. Mo. 
1840 Joseph G. Hoyt, Was. Mo. 
1840 John P. Gulliver. Knox. 

1840 George Thacher, U. Iowa. 

1842 John C. Burroughs, U. Chi. 

1849 Timothy Dwight, Y. 

1849 Edward P. Smith, How. U. 

1850 William Brush, I. U. 

1851 William K. Douglass, Jeff. Mpi. 

1852 Daniel C. Gilman, Jn. Hopk. 
1852 William P. Johnson, T. 

1852 H. B. Sprague, N. Dk. 

1853 A. D. White, Cornell. 

1854 John C. Sanders, Horn. Med. 

1854 Carroll Cutler, West. Res. 

1855 William I). W. Alexander, Oahu. 
1857 Cyrus Northrup, Minn. 

1857 A. H. Strong, Roff. The. 

1861 Samuel II. Frisbie, St. F. X. 

1862 J. W. Johnson, Or. U. 

1863 G. W. Atherton, Penn. 
1863 D. B. Perry, Doan. 

1873 living J. Manatt, Neb. U. 

1879 William Carter Merritt, Oahu. 92 


Vice-Pres. U. S., two terms, 1. U. S. Cabinet Officers, 17. Sandwich Islands, 1 . 
Chief Justice and Associate Justices U. S. Supreme Court, 3. Chief Justice Can- 
ada and Sandwich Islands, 2. U.S. Girouit and District Judges, 21. U. S. Envoys, 
Ministers Plenipotentiary, &c. 22. U. S. Senators, 50. Members of Congress, 187. 
Judges of the highest Courts, and Chancellors, 161. Governors, 38. Presidents of 
Colleges, 92. 

1888.] Xotices of Prince's Subscribers. 91 



[Continued from vol. xxvii. page 121.] 

John Wight, of Bristol, M.A. 

Communicated by William Ward Wight, Esq., of Milwaukee, Wis. 

TI^IIE purpose of this notice is three-fold — to comply with the request of 
X the editor of the Register (vi. 189) for sketches of the subscribers 
to Prince's Chronology ; to correct an error in Dr. Wight's Wight Family 
(page 54), and to obtain information. This manifold purpose leads to a 
brief account of Rev. John Wight, one of the subscribers to that work. 

Thomas Wight, from the Isle of Wight, is first heard of in New Eng- 
land as wintering at Watertown in 1635-6. In July, 1637, he was admit- 
ted an inhabitant of Dedham. His first wife Alice, the mother of his child- 
ren, died July 15, 1665. His second wife Lydia, widow of James Penne- 
man of Boston, was a sister of the Apostle Eliot. Thomas was one of the 
founders of Medheld, to which place he removed in 1652, and where he died 
March 17, 1674.* His eldest son Henry 2 (date of birth unknown) was the 
only member of the family who did not accompany his father to Medfield. 
He spent his life in Dedham, in the records of which town he is frequently 
mentioned as Ser^'t AVijjht. He married Jane, daughter of John and Jane 
Goodenowe, of Sudbury, formerly of Semley, Wiltshire, Eng. — all three 
passengers in the Confidence from Southampton, 1638 (Reg. xiv. 335). 
The third of Henry's five children — all sons — was Daniel, 3 born Novem- 
ber 24, 1656, a lifelong resident of Dedham. He married, Feb. 17, 1686, 
Annah Dewing, and had three sons. He died May 1, 1719. "Anne, 
the relict widow of Daniell Wight," died May 10, 1725. Their youngest 
child John, 4 the subject of this notice, was born in Dedham, April 22, 1691). 

John graduated at Harvard in 1721, and immediately became a scliool- 
master in his native town. In Dedham records he is mentioned as " Sir 
Wight.""}" His career until 1728 is not clearly marked out. He is be- 
lieved to have preached in several towns in Massachusetts and adjoining 
provinces. In 1728 he was a resident of Bristol, Mass. (now in Rhode 
I -land), and in the list of subscribers for a copy of Prince's Chro- 
nology, he is called John Wight of Bristol, M.A. (Register, vi. 199). On 
July 3, 1728, he married in Dedham, Mary, born Nov. 22, 1706, third child 
and eldest daughter of Jabez and Mary (Gay) Pond (Harris's Pond Gen- 
ealogy, p. 18). After his marriage he returned to Bristol, where it is pre- 
sumed he was preaching. Three of his children, John, 5 Anna 5 and Daniel, 5 

* Query: Is this Thomas identical with the Thomas Wight who signed the Exeter 
(N. II.) Combination, June 8, 1639 ? (See facsimile of the document in the Wentwortb Gene- 
Bo gy, vol. i. 1st en. p. 45; 2d ed. p. 70.) Thomas Wite is also named in the famous 
wheelwright Deed, which purports to have been executed in 1629. (See Belknap's New 
Hampshire.) I have no knowledge of any other emigrant in New England of the name of 
Thomas Wight, except him of Dedham and Medfleld. 

t " It was formerly the fashion in the older American colleges to 'nil a Bachelor <>i Arts, 
Sir. This was sometimes done at the time the Seniors were accepted for that degn 
/<• Word* and Customs, by 15. II. II, ill, 1856, p. 124. 

" Frequently, it not generally, graduates continued their studies at the College aft r they 
had taken their first degree, i« i n ir called Sirs till they took their second degree as M 
of Arts."— Sketches of Harvard Graduates, by J. L.Sibley, vol. i. 1873, p. 17.— EoiTOB. 

92 Notices of Prince s Subscribers, [Jan. 

and perhaps the fourth, Mary, 5 were born in Bristol. Here also his wife 
died June 19, 1735. His intentions of marriage with Mrs. Deliverance 
Carpenter, of Rehoboth, are recorded in Bristol under date Oct. 22, 1757. 
Of this marriage were born twin children, date unknown, one of whom died 
in Bristol, July 20, 17 tO, and the other six days later. I am not informed 
whether there were other children of this marriage, nor do I know the sub- 
sequent history of Mrs. Wight. 

Not lon^ after 1740 the residence of the Rev. John Wijjht in Bristol 
must have ceased. Under date Oct. 16, 1743, the records of the church in 
Dedham read : " Upon the desire of Mr. John Wight the church voted his 
dismission and letters testimonial in order to his regular imbodyin£ with 
those who purpose (God willing) to lay in the foundation of a church in 
New Marblehead, in the Eastern country." Over the Congregational So- 
ciety in this town, now Windham, Me., he was ordained December 14, 
1743. I presume the settlers of this town derived their origin as well as 
their name from Marblehead in Massachusetts. In a volume of the records 
of the First Church of Marblehead, Mass., now or recently kept in an 
office in Boston, I find the following : 


May 7 

At a Ch'h meeting 

Voted that the Ch'h make a Present of two Pew- 
ter Flagons to the Church of which the Rev'd Mr. John Wight is Pastor in the 
Place called New Marblehead. John Barnard, Pastor." 

Mr. Wight labored in the New Marblehead Church until his death. His 
ordination and death are noticed in the Centennial Address delivered at 
Windham, July 4, 1839, by Thomas L. Smith. The editor of the Wight 
Family, p. 54, says, " He died May 8, 1753, aged 54, leaving no issue." 
TJ> date is correct, but as to the issue of Rev. John, his descendants, hun- 
dreds in number, are scattered over the whole country. His son Daniel, 5 
born May 3, 1735, died in Dedham, April 19, 1749. Of his daughter 
Annie 5 I know only the date of her birth, March 5, 1732-3 ; of his daugh- 
ter Mary 5 I know not even that. I proceed with some account of the de- 
scendants of his son John, 5 born July 15, 1729. He was married in Mar- 
blehead, Mass., by Rev. Simon Bradstreet, January 6, 1756, to Abigail, 
daughter of Nathaniel Bowen, a lawyer of much influence in Marblehead. 
The children of John 5 are not arranged in the order of their birth, the rec- 
ord of which I have not yet been able to find. 

i. John, 6 b. 1757, fought at Bunker Hill, and when discharged at West 
Point in November, 1783, was Sergeant-Major in Captain Burbank's 
company, Col. Crane's regiment of artillery. He was living in Ando- 
ver, Mass., soon after the close of the war, and married Hannah Par- 
ker. She bore him four children, and died March 1, 1794. He moved 
to Pensbscot, Me., where he married Olive Wescott, Oct. 29, 1795. 
Of this marriage were nine children. John died in Blue Hill, Me., 
in May, 1837. His widow died in 1857. His fourth child Jonathan, 7 
is reported to have married in New York state, and to have descend- 
ants somewhere therein. Of his sons John and William I learn " they 
went to sea and were never heard from." " They went away into the 
Southern states when young." I have fairly good record of the re- 
mainder of the children of John. 6 

ii. Nathan,!). . Nothing known but the name. 

iii. Daniel, b. 1701 ; m. in March, 1796, Abigail Perkins. He lived in Pe- 
nobscot, Me., where his nine children were born. 

iv. Edward, b. 1774 ; m. about October, 1791, Hannah Perkins, lie lived 
in Penobscot, where his eleven children were born. 

1888.] Notices of Prince's Subscribers. 93 

v. Sarah, m. at Marblehead, Mass., Jan. 11, 1785, Capt. Nathan Bowen 
Martin. Descendants live in Marblehead. 

vi. Polly (as Mary White), married at Andover, April 18, 1780, Spafford or 
Spofford Ames, and had descendants in or near Andover, Mass. 

vii. Abigail, m. at Marblehead, May 18, 1786, Capt. William Tousland. 
Their descendants are believed to be in Marblehead. 

viii. Nancy, m. (disguised as Anna White) at Andover, Mass., Samuel 0., son 
of Lieut. John and Hannah (Dolliver) Frye. Samuel and Nancy had 
a daughter Nancy, 7 who married John, son of Samuel C. and Lucy 
(Ballard) Blanchard, and John and Nancy had a daughter Nancy 8 who 
married John S., father of C. F. 9 Farlow, of Newton. 

The difficulty with this branch of the Wight family has been that the 
records have almost uniformly preserved the name as White, to the ob- 
literation of family distinctions, and to the perplexity of investigators. Any 
information about these Wights (Whites), or any of the allied families above 
named, I would be glad to receive. 


In gathering material for a history of New Marblehead, now Windham, 
Me., I have diligently searched for items concerning Rev. John Wight, the 
first minister of the first church. It is very pleasant, therefore, to find a 
kinsman of his, with the true instinct and method of the genealogist, writ- 
ing an account of the family. From my own investigations I am able to 
supply a few missing links. 

Several of the earliest settlers of Windham came from Rhode Island 
and the " South Shore," and it is likely that some of these knew Mr. 
Wight and influenced his settling in the township. He preached there 
some six months before his settlement. Much of his pastorate was spent 
with his people, shut up together with their families in the old " Block- 
Ilouse " or " Province Fort." He, as " first minister," drew a full right 
in the township, and his heirs received this afterwards, and the records of 
the conveyances of their shares give clues of their locations. His eldest 
son John as his executor, became a proprietor of the township, and was 
quite prominent on the proprietors' committee. At his father's death he 
was living in Providence, R.I. He was living at Marblehead (and. is 
called " Joyner "), 1763 and 64, and with wife Abigail, in those years, con- 
veys a part of his Windham lands. Abigail Wight, widow and adminis- 
tratrix of John, gave quit-claim deeds of the lands to John Prince and R. 
Hooper. Mary Wight, daughter of Rev. John, married Joseph Deane, of 
Dedham, and in 1774 conveys with him her title to " the one fifth part of 
the lands of our honored Father, John Wight clerk deceased, late of Wind- 
ham." Elijah, son of Rev. John and Deliverance Wight, died at New Mar- 
blehead, October 24th, 1744, "aged about two years, two months and 19 
days." u Eunice, the Daughter of Rev d Mr. Wight and Deliverance his 
wife was born Aprill 28 th 1747, ab* 10 A.M." u Benjamin The son of the 
Rev d Mr John Wight & Deliverance his wife was born March: 19: 1753 
about break of day on Monday morning." 

Rev. John Wight was the first person buried in what is now known as 
"Anderson's burying ground." His wife Deliverance and one or more 
children lie beside him. G. M. Bodge. 

vol. xlii. 9 

94 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [Jan. 


Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 
[Continued from vol. xli. page 410.] 

No. XXL. 
Lieut. William Hasey axd his Men. 

"\TTILLIAM HASEY, Boston, as early as 1G52, lived at " Pul- 
▼ 1 ling Point ;" afterwards a large land-owner at Rumney- 
Marsh ; Artillery Company, 1652; freeman (Hazzey), 16t)5. By 
wife Sarah had William, born Sept. 15, 1652. Asa, born Janu- 
ary 1, 1655. Joseph, May 29, 1657. Susanna, May 30, 1660. 
Martha, bapt. April 24, 1665. 

Cornet William Hasey (or Haisy), May 27, 1674, was appointed 
Lieutenant of the " Three County Troop "* of which Edward Hutch- 
inson was Captain and Jonathan Poole was made at same time 
Cornet ; in Philip's war commanded a company in the summer of 
1675. I find no connection between this family and William Hear- 
sy of Hingham. 

William the son married Judith and had William, born Decem- 
ber 21, 1679, and died June 7th, 1695, aged 43, leaving widow 
Judith, who died November 17, 1718, aged 68 years. Jacob, 
born August 26, 1684. Nathaniel, March 13, 1693. Judith, Abi- 
gail, Martha. 

Credited under Lieut. William Hasey. 

October 5 th 1675 Joseph Wright 00 18 06 

Benjamin Barrett 00 18 00 John Batchelor 00 18 06 

James Barrett 00 18 06 John Kendall 00 18 06 

Samuel Weeclen 00 18 06 Thomas Hodiiman 00 18 06 


Daniel Greenland 00 18 06 Josias Brown 00 18 06 

Edward Tuttle 00 18 06 Joseph Wing 00 18 06 

Joseph Weeclen 00 08 06 Increas Wing 00 18 06 

Thomas Wheeler 01 02 03 John Brown 00 18 06 

Thomas Wilson 00 18 06 Richard Middleton 00 18 06 

John Greenland 00 13 00 Joseph Richardson 00 18 06 

Thomas Briuknoll 00 18 06 William Hasey, Lieut. 02 06 06 

John Green 00 18 06 Jonathan Poole, Gornt. 01 17 

William Green, Corpr. 00 15 06 Isaac Brookes 00 18 06 

Phineas Sprague 00 18 06 July 24 th 1676 

John Green, Corpr. 01 02 03 Nathaniel Richesson 00 14 03 

John Brown, Corpr. 01 02 03 Samuel Richeson 00 05 09 

John Eaton 00 18 06 Stephen Richeson 00 04 03 

Henry Greene 00 18 06 Issac Brooks 01 01 06 

Samuel Richarson 00 18 06 John Eaton 00 14 03 

Thomas Peirce 00 18 06 Thomas Peirce 00 14 03 

John Gould 00 18 06 

* See Rkgister, vol. xxv. pp. 138-40, for an account of the Three County Trc 
an engraving of its standard. 


Soldie?^ in King Philips War. 


August 24 th 1676 

Thomas Wheeler 00 17 00 

John Barrett 00 

Increas Wing 00 

John Richeson 00 

Thomas Hodgman 00 

William Greene 00 

Phineas Sprague 00 

14 03 
14 03 
17 00 
14 00 
17 00 
17 00 

Joseph Winn 
Thomas Brintnall 
William Hasey, Lieut. 
John Kendall 

September 23 d 
John Waite 
John Greene 
Thomas Gery 

00 14 03 

00 14 03 

01 15 09 
00 07 00 

00 14 03 

14 00 
14 00 

Capt. Nicholas Manning, of Ipswich, and his Men. 

Capt. Nicholas Manning was the son of Kichard Manning, of 
Dartmouth, co. Devon, England, and Anstiss (Calley), and was 
born there June 23d, 1644. He came to Salem (perhaps as 
mariner) and married Elizabeth, widow of Robert Gray, June 23d, 
1663, and had children — Thomas, Nicholas, Margaret, John, born 
between 1664 and 1668, and all died young. His mother Anstiss, 
then a widow, came to Salem in 1679, with six children, of whom 
Thomas, born February 11, 1664 (the youngest brother of Nicho- 
las), was the ancestor (gr. grandfather) of Elizabeth Clarke Man- 
ning, mother of Nathaniel Hawthorne, the eminent author. Nicholas 
served in the Mount Hope campaign, June, 1675, in Capt. Paige's 
Troop, was also in command of a company that marched out to 
Narraganset to recruit the army after the Great Swamp fight. His 
nephew Samuel inherited his Narraganset claim. 

He was an adherent of the Andros government, and under that 
was appointed to a judgeship on the Kennebec River, and upon 
Andros's overthrow he was arrested and imprisoned as one of his 

Credited under Capt. 
February 29 th 1675-6 
Richard Scott 04 10 00 

John Ballard 01 16 00 

Anthony Needham, Lieut. 10 10 00 
Stephen ilenrick 01 10 00 

Thomas Raymond 01 10 00 

Richard George 04 10 00 

March 24 th 1675 
Abiel Lamb 04 10 00 

John Pickard 01 10 00 

uel Smith 01 10' 00 

Ezekiel Mihill 01 fO 00 

Daniel Gobeley 01 10 00 

• Beckett 01 10 00 

April 24 th 1676 
Samuel Varnam 02 00 00 

John Rugles 05 16 00 

June 24 th 1676 
John Winder 01 10 00 

Resolved White 02 11 00 

Nicholas Manning. 
John Chapman 
Edward Col cord 
Richard Norman 
Thomas Fuller 
Ebenezer Prout 
John Spauldin 
William Rayment 
Christopher Palmer 
Jonathan Moore 
John Lewis 
Samuel Johnson 
Nathaniel Kirkland 
Joseph Collins 
Samuel Ilartwell 
Robert Kinsman 
Nicholas Manning, Capt. 
Jonathan Fairbanks 
Alwin Bre< d 
Caleb Kemball 
Elihu Wardall 






























































Soldiers in King Philip's War. 


July 24 th 1676 August 24 th 1676 

James Kidd 01 14 00 Benjamin White 04 10 00 

Henry Farrar 02 10 00 Palmer 02 08 00 

Joseph Smith 02 00 00 

Capt. Jonathan Eemington and his Men. 
Jonathan .Remington was the son of John of Newbury, 1637. and 
was born February 12, 1639 ; settled in Cambridge and married 
Martha Belcher, daughter of Andrew, July 13th, 1664, and had 
Martha, born February 18, 1666-7, d. April 23, 1669 ; Jonathan, 
born March 17, 1668-9, died April 16, 1669; Martha, born Octo- 
ber 28, 1674, married Capt. Nicholas Bowes of Boston, January 
19, 1718-19 ; Jonathan, born September 25, 1677 ; Samuel, born 
July 11, 1679, died June 3d, 1680; Anna, born January 30, 1680 
-81, married John Hill, June 24th, 1708 ; John and Mary, who 
died 1689 and 1690; Elizabeth, had a share in the estate; Sarah, 
born May 10, 1688, married John Biscoe of Watertown, February 
1, 1710-11. Was prominent in public and especially in military 
affairs, and from 1682 till his death, kept the original "Blue An- 
chor Tavern," Cambridge. He held the position of Corporal in the 
local military company at Cambridge, and was in command of a 
company during the winter and spring of 1675-6. He was active 
in the later Indian war, in 1689 at Groton, and in 1691 at Wells 
and in the eastward parts. He died April 21, 1700, leaving his 
widow Martha, who died July 16, 1711, and through his son Jona- 
than left a notable and numerous posterity (see Paige's Cambridge, 
and Register, viii. 317-20). He served with the Cambridge men 
under Capt. Davenport in the Narraganset campaign, and was in 
the Swamp fight. In the winter following he was active in the com- 
mand and supply of some of the garrisons in the interior towns, and 
was ordered March 1 1 , 1675-6, to leave " the garrison " and march 
his soldiers home, 

His son Jonathan inherited his Narraganset 

Credited under Captain 

April 4 th 1676 

John King 03 15 00 

Aaron Jaques 03 06 00 

Joseph Gridley 03 17 00 

William Bishop 03 06 00 

Peter Hanchett 04 10 10 

William Haywood 04 10 10 

Caleb Jackson 04 10 00 

Tohiah Redman 02 07 02 

William Brown 01 16 00 

Robert Wills 04 17 06 

John Burrows 02 07 02 

Jonathan Remington. 
Jeremiah Hood 
Francis Cooke 
William Smith 
Johi\ Parrum 
Richa\ .1 Higinbottom 
Richard Sawtell 
Thomas Thorp 

June 24 th 1676 
John Hollis 
Samuel Williams ) 
and his man j 




























1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 97 

Lieut. Nathaniel Reynolds and his Men. 

Nathaniel Reynolds, born in England, was the son of Robert and 
Mary of Boston as early as 1632. He married Sarah D wight, of 
Dedham, November 30, 1657. She died July 8, 1663, and he 
married Priscilla Brackett, of Boston, before February 21, 1666. 
Children of Sarah, first wife — Sarah, born July 26, 1659, married 
John Fosdick ; Mary, born November 20, 1660, died aged 2 yrs. 
2 ms. ; Nathaniel, born March 3, 1662-3. By second wife — John, 
born August 4, 1668, died 1757, aged 88 years; Peter, born Jan- 
uary 26, 1670; Philip, born September 15, 1672, died young; Jo- 
seph, born January 9, 1677, died January 16, 1759, aged 82 years 
7 days; Hannah, born January 15, 1682, married Samuel Royall ; 
Mary, born 1684? married Nathaniel Woodbury; Benjamin, born 
May 10, 1686 (in Bristol) ; Ruth, born Dec. 9, 1688, married 
Josiah Cary. 

He was of the Artillery Company 1658, and admitted freeman 
1665. He was in command of the garrison at Chelmsford in the 
fall and winter of 1675-6, and on February 25th the inhabitants 
petition the Court that he be allowed to remain, with his soldiers, for 
their protection. He removed to Bristol, R. I., after the war, and 
was prominent in the organization and development of that town. 

Credited under Lieut. Natlr 1 Reynolds. 

April 24 th 1676 

Thomas Stacy 


15 04 

Thomas "Wiborn 


18 00 

David Couch 


15 00 

June 24 th 


Joseph Bicknell 


12 00 

Michael Bastow 


18 00 

Joseph Bateman 


12 00 

Humphrey Mfller 


18 00 

William Twing 


08 08 

John Sergeant 


12 00 

James Burrell 


03 00 

Zibeon Leatherland 


12 00 

Robert Mason 


12 04 

Digory Sergeant 


10 06 

Ephraim Mosse 


04 00 

Joseph Saxton 


12 00 

July 24 

Azhin Morris 


12 00 

Samuel Peacock 


14 00 

James Mecranell 


04 00 

August 24 th 1676 

Joseph Lamson 


12 00 

Nath'l Reynolds, 



05 00 

Capt. John Holbrooke, of Weymouth, and his Men. 

Capt. John Holbrooke was the son of Thomas, and the following 
list from the Register, ante, vol. xxv. p. 14, serves to fix the 
date of the family's arrival at Weymouth, Massachusetts. 

Waymouth [England] y e 20 th of March 1635 [-6] 
Bound for New England 
[No] GO Thomas Holbrooke of Broudway aged 34: yeare 

67 Jane Holbrooke his wife aged 34 Yeare 

68 John Holbrooke his sonne aged 11 yeare 

69 Thomas Holbrooke his sonne aged 10 yeare 

70 Anne Holbrooke his daught r aged 5 yeare 

71 P^lizabeth Holbrooke his daught r aged 1 yeare. 
vol. xlii. 9* 

98 Soldiers in King Philip 1 $ War. [Jan. 

All the data we have concerning Capt. John show the above age 
to have been some >ix years lees than that given upon his grave- 
stone, and to have been incompatible with many points in his his- 
tory. He was admitted freeman lo40;* representative six years 
between L651— 74. He is said to have had three wives — first, Sa- 
rah, who died January 4th, 1(5 14; second, Elizabeth Stream, who 
died June 25th, 1688, aged 64 years; and third, widow Mary Lor- 
ing, who survived him. His children (most if not all born of his 
second wife) were — John, married Abigail Pierce, daughter of 
Capt. Michael ; a daughter, married Simon Whitmarsh ; Abiezer; 
Hannah, married Ephraim Pierce, son of Capt. Michael ; Grace, 
married Joseph Nash of Boston ; Samuel ; Lois and Eunice, twins : 
Eunice, married Benjamin Ludden ; Experience, married Joseph 
Edson ; Ichabod, married Sarah Turner. 

Capt. Holbrooke was a very enterprising man of business, and 
his real estate operations were quite extensive for his day. He was 
also prominent in military affairs, was Lieutenant of the local com- 
pany, and, August 8th, 1064, was chosen to go upon some service 
as Lieutenant in the company of Capt. Hudson, but his wife and 
family being sick at the time, Ensign John Thurston, of Hingham, 
was appointed in his stead. In the time of Philip's war he was in 
command of the local company, and in the spring of 1676 was ap- 
pointed to command one of the companies raised and sent out to 
suppress the " Insolencies " of the Indians and to r ' range the woods 
towards Hassanamesit." The following papers pertain to that ser- 
vice. Capt. Holbrooke died November 23, 1699, leaving a large 
estate to his numerous heirs. % 

Concord y e 29 th of Aprill 1G76 
Hon rd Sirs, 

According to orders I have obtained here to Concord & this Day have 
mustered my Company, And have here send the list of those that not ap- 
pear according to order likewise the names of them y* are here now of my 
Companey, which are but very Small which is a great Discouragement to 
me, therefore my humble request is that I may have my Company made 
up accordinge to my order of 80 men or else y* I may be Dismissed which I 
have mention to yo r Honno™ al ready e Itf I should not have a full Company. 
Some nessarya I want for the Company I have neither Drume nor Collors, 
which I Desire that If you thinke it fitt to send me Either houe-boyo or a 
Drumpiter which is very requisitt, having nothing Else att present & 
remaine Your Honn on .Moat humble Servant 


Mass. Archives, Vol. G8, p. 239. 

The following paper is doubtless the list referred to : 

These are to Certifie y e Hon' 1 Major Generall Denison or whome it may 
Conserne Being ordered to take 82 men under my Command together with 
& l 1 men to tend them, vi/. being order by Major Clarke 

* Upon consultation vritfa lie. Gilbert Nash, of Weymouth, Mass., I think that the tYee- 
man and tin' husband of Sarah who died 1014, may have been John, sometime of Porches* 
rhapa an uncle of Capt. John. 


Soldiers in King Philip's War. 


30 men from Boston 4 horses 2 men 

9 men from Roxhury 4 horses 2 men 

9 men from Dorchester 4 horses 2 men 

6 men from Dedham 4 horses 2 men 

7 men from Brantry A horses 2 men 

6 men from Weymouth 4 horses 2 men 

6 men from Hingham 4 horses 2 men 

Defects from Boston for non-appearance Jn° Pemerton, Jn° Porter & 
Richard Knight From Dorchester non-appearance, Consider Atherton, 
Henry VTedarton [Withington], Ebezar Clape. From Wayuiouth, Zacha- 
ry Gorney. From Hingham, Jn° Feres & Arthur Sherman. 

p me Joiix Holbrooke Cap". 

Mass. Archives, Vol. GO, p. 12. 

Credited under 

June 24 ,h 1G7G 
Daniel Adams 
Samuel Adams 

I - div 

August 24 th 1G' 
Samuel I);: 

ph Lyon 

r Prosser 
P iul Gilford 
Daniel Adams 
Joseph Walters 
John Scott 
Jolm Plum 
John Harker 
John Randall 
Samuel Wales 
• I i Sinkler 
J< emiah Conah 

jamin Molton 
1 1 njamin Pates 
I Atkins 

luel Blake 

































1 1 
































Capt. John Holbrooke. 

Thomas William 
I>aa<: How 
Samuel Spencer 
Caleb Rey 
John Whitney 
Jolm Ellenworth 

September 23 d 
Joseph Tucker 
Thomas Hoppen 
James JIadlock 
Thomas Bull 
John Craft 
Benjamin Merifield 
Joshuah Child 
Richard Puffer 
John Parker 
Benjamin Phillips 
William Deane 
Daniel Harris 
William Field 
Thomas Betell 
John Holbrooke, Capt. 





























04 07 
























1 1 











Capt. John Whipple, of Ipswich, and his Mi 

The Whipple family in this country undoubtedly d< I from 

Matthew Whipple of Booking, co. Essex, England, a clothier. 
Will of December 19th, L616, probated January 28th, L618, 
mentions son .Matthew, son John, daughters Jane, Elizabeth, .Mary, 
Anne, Johane, Amye; K my sister, wife of Richard Rathbone; 
II , grandchildren Hercules and Marg Arthur 

and Henry and Anne ( loldham." 

The two brothers Matthew and John, who wit ttled at [ps- 

wich Borne time before L638, were probably the sons mentioned 
above. They settled at the "Hamlet," do w the town of Hamilton. 
John was a deacon or ruling elder of the First Church. He was 


Soldiers in King Philip's War. 


freeman 1640, and representative for eight years between that and 
1653. By first wife he had children — Mary, John, Susanna, Sa- 
rah, and probably others. 

Capt. John, son of " Elder " John, as above, born in Essex, 
England, about 1626, married first, Martha Reyner, daughter of 
Humphrey, who died February 24, 1679 ; married second, Eliza- 
beth, June 28th, 1680. By first wife had children — John, born 
July 15, 1657 ; Matthew, born 1658 ; Joseph, born June 8, 1666 ; 
Susan, Sarah and Anna. He was appointed Cornet of the Ipswich 
Troop before 1675, and Captain in 1683 in place of Capt. John 
Appleton. He was Lieutenant in Capt. Paige's Troop at Mount 
Hope, June, 1675, and was appointed Captain of a troop raised for 
service under Major Savage in March, 1676 ; was with the army in 
the unsuccessful manoeuvring of that campaign. In the letter of 
the Council to Major Savage, dated April 1st, 1676 (Register, 
ante, vol. xxxvii. p. 373), is found the passage, " Touching that Re- 
buke of God upon Cap 1 Whiple and y e poore people at Springfield it is 
a matter of great shame and humbling to us." This was in answer 
to one from Major Savage of March 28th, dated at Hadley, in 
which he says that they have had advice from Springfield that eight 
Indians assaulted sixteen or eighteen men, besides women and child- 
ren, as they were going to meeting from a place called Long Mea- 
dow, " and killed a man and a maid, wounded two men, and car- 
ried away captive two women and two children." Major Savage 
says further, that being apprised of that affair and the way the In- 
dians went, he sent out sixteen men in pursuit, who came up with 
the Indians, who, as soon as they found the English in close pur- 
suit, killed the two children, and striking the women with their 
hatchets upon the head, left them for dead and fled. The horse- 
men brought back the four bodies, the women being yet alive, one 
recovered ; and this disaster was a severe reproach to the guard, 
who in a popular rhyme of the day are remembered thus : 

" Seven Indians, and one without a ^un, 
Caused Capt. Nixon and fort} 7 men to run." 

I am inclined to think that by the Council, Capt. Whipple, as 
commander of the troop, and perhaps at that time with them, was 
held responsible for the disaster. I know nothing of Capt. Nixon. 

Credited under Capt. John Whipple of Ipswich. 

June 24 th 1G7G 

John Dodge 03 08 0G 

frlarke Hascall 03 08 06 

William Smith 03 07 00 

Richard Child 03 08 0G 

Thomas Leaver 03 08 0G 

Samuel Smith 03 08 06 
Daniel Wyeome, Qr. Mr. 05 02 09 Samuel Cooper 

Joseph Cask 03 08 0G James Tenney 

John Kavment 
Thadeus Berry 
Moses Cleaveland 
John Sawin 
John Stone 
Samuel Srearues 
John Wait 

03 00 00 
03 08 06 

03 08 06 
03 08 06 
03 OS 06 
03 08 06 
03 10 00 
02 01 00 
02 01 00 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 101 

Samuel Ladd 04 02 00 August 24 th 1676 

Christopher Palmer 04 02 04 Thomas Brintnall 03 08 06 

Samuel Chapman 03 07 02 Thomas Hod^man 00 17 00 

July 24 th 1676 John Whipple, Capt. 13 14 03 

Joseph Taylor 03 08 06 Edward Neland 03 08 06 

James Hobbs 03 10 00 Samuel Giddings 09 16 05 

Timothy Bread 03 08 06 Thomas Andrews 03 06 08 

William Dellow 03 08 06 Ephraim Fellows 03 19 00 

Henry Kenny 03 08 06 September 23 d 1676 

James Lowden 00 10 00 John Browne 04 02 00 

Joseph Eaton 03 08 06 

Capt. John Jacob, of Hingham, and his Men. 

Capt. John Jacob was the son of Nicholas, who came from Eng- 
land to W r atertow r n in 1633, with wife Mary and children John and 
Elizabeth; removed to Hingham in 1635, and there had Josiah, 
Joseph and six daughters born before 1644. Nicholas was repre- 
sentative in 1648, and died June 5th, 1657. 

Capt. John, born in England, married Margery Eames, October 
20, 1653, and had children — John, born October 2, 1654, who, 
April 19, 1676, was killed by the Indians near his home in what 
is now South Hingham, at a place called " Glad Tidings Hock." 
Mary, born March 21, 1656 ; Sarah, born Dec. 6, 1657 ; Benjamin, 
April 2, 1659. First wife died April 7, 1659, and he married 
second, October 3, 1661, Mary Russell, daughter of George, and 
had Jael, born September 7, 1762; David, born June 20, 1664; 
Elizabeth, born April 11, 1666; Peter, born February 12, 1668; 
Hannah, born December 20, 1669 ; Samuel, born November 30, 
1671; Deborah, born August 15, 1674, died soon ; Deborah, 2d, 
born August 8, 1677 ; John, 2d, born July 31, 1679 ; Lydia, born 
April 18, 1681 ; Abigail, born November 13, 1683. His will, 
probated December 31, 1693, names his twelve living children, four 
sons and eight daughters. He was very active and influential. His 
house was fortified as a garrison by order of the General Court, 
February 25, 1676. He w r as in command of a foot-company of 
about eighty men at Medfield, when, on February 21, 1676-7, the 
town was attacked by a large body of Indians and partially destroy- 
ed. The re were besides this company of Capt. Jacob a detach- 
ment of twenty troopers under command of Lieut. Edward Oakes 
(ante, Vol. xxxvn. p. 283) and the "train-band" of the town, 
about one hundred in number. These were quartered about the 
town in the various houses, and there were no scouts about the 
town to keep watch and ward, and the enemy crept in and about 
the houses, and just before day-light, at a given signal, fired the 
detached houses, near which they bad placed ambuscades, and when 
the people and the soldiers quartered there rushed out, they were 
shot down. The main guard, stationed near the meeting-house, 
had a cannon which they fired several times, which alarmed the in- 


Soldiers in King Philip's War. 


habitants and probably frightened the enemy, who fled across the 
river towards Sherburne, burning the bridge behind them, thus cut- 
ting off the slow and clumsy pursuit of the scattered troops. The 
fullest account of this affair is given by Major Daniel Gookin in his 
"History of the Christian Indians." He says the Indians burnt 
about forty houses, near half the town, and killed and wounded 
about twenty people. Among the killed was Lieut. Henry Adams, 
the military officer of the town, of whom and the Medh'eld garrison 
a full account is to be given in the proper place. After the lieu- 
tenant's death, his widow Elizabeth had been taken to the house of 
the minister, the Eev. Mr. Wilson, near the meeting-house, and 
here a very sad and strange accident occurred ; for Mrs. Adams, who 
had retired to the chamber, and was lying upon a bed just over the 
room below, in which Capt. Jacob and some of the officers and 
guards were gathered, was killed by the accidental discharge of a 
gun in the hand of Capt. Jacob, just as he was passing out of the 
house to his quarters, and having his gun "half-bent," i.e. at half- 
cock, the muzzle pointing upward, the bullet piercing through 
w the floor and mat through and through the body of the lieutenant's 
widow." He was with Capt. Johnson in the Narraganset cam- 
paign, and on the Captain's death took command of the company. 
He was afterwards engaged during the winter with Capt. Wads- 
worth in guarding the frontiers from Milton to the Plymouth Col- 
ony bounds, Weymouth, Hingham and Hull being assigned in par- 
ticular to Capt. Jacob. John, 2d, inherited his Narraganset claim. 

Credited under Capt. John Jacob, of Ilingham.* 

March 24 th 1G75- 


John Sibly 




ISTathaniel Beales 




July 24 th 


April 24 th 1675 

John Taylor 




William Williams 




Ebenezer Ingleshy 




James Taylor 




William Bodkin 




June 24 th 1G70 

August 24 th 167G 

Thomas Davis 




Gilbert Endicott 




William Field 




Joseph Swady 




Benjamin Bignall 




Elisha Poster 




John Battle 




Anthony Hancock 




Jeremiah Fisher 




Edward Blaucher 




Benjamin Wight 




John Ilowen 




Ephraim AVilson 




John Plumb 




John Thurston 




Samuel Paule 




Nathaniel FarringtOD 




David Fawkner 




Edward Segwell 




John Wells, Jr. 




John Gray 




Henry Bo wen 




John Cuckow 




John Jacobs 




John Herring 




William Paine 




John Richardson 




Thomas 1 [oppin 




Alexander Mecanny 




September 2 

3 d 1676 

John Nowell 




Isaac Jones 




Humphrey Richards 




* See also credits of March ami April, 1G7G, under Capt. Johnson. 

1888.] Notes and Queries. 10 




Elithorpe. — Apparently this old New England name is now extinct, although 
many descendants of Thomas Elithorpe of Rowley through female lines should still 
have an interest in the family history. The name is doubtless derived from an obscure 
hamlet named Ellinthorpe, in the famous parish of Aldborough in Yorkshire. Al- 
though most of Aldborough is in the Went Riding, Ellinthorpe (whose inhabitants 
number about three score) is in the North Riding, being across the Ouse, in a bend 
of the stream. In AbranTs "History of Blackburn " (Lancashire), there is the 
pedigree of a family named Bllenthorpo, springing from a Yorkshire yeoman of near 
two centuries ago. Probably a branch ot the territorial family " De Aldborough " 
was called " de Ellenthorpe." But whence ever our Thomas Elithorpe got his name, 
he has been treated most shabbily by New England genealogists. Mr. Savage, in 
some aberration of intellect, kills him thrice over. The date when Mr. Savage 
inflicts his final stab would have found poor old Thomas something like a decade 
in his second century. All three dates are too late, two are absolutely fictitious, 
while the third refers to a grandson. 

Mr. George B. Blodgette, in Vol. 21 of the Essex Institute Collections, is 
scarcely more happy, although it may be rather mean on my part to look in the 
mouth such a much-prized gift-horse as any information at all about the family. 
Still it is the duty of any person who undertakes a task to use reasonable care, and 
not plunge into errors which the merest tyro can detect. Mr. Blodgette has evidently 
never collated his work on the parishioners of the famous Rowley Ezekiel even with 
the past volumes of the Essex Institute, much less with Mr. Savage and Mr. Felt. 
Among many errors in the short account of the Elithorpe family I note but two 
anent two alleged daughters of Nathaniel Elithorpe (eldest son of the first Thomas). 
These precocious daughters, Mary and Margaret by name, Mr. Blodgette marries off 
at the ages of seventeen and sixteen respectively. Such things were not unknown, 
but not common ; still there is no reason for us to credit this statement, and many 
reasons to discredit it. The Mary in question, instead of an early marriage-bed had 
probably an early shroud, while her alleged husband married Elizabeth Elithorpe, 
doubtless her aunt. As to the Margaret, her name is recorded Mary, named for the 
aforesaid Mary who did not marry, but did die, and she probably married, half a 
generation afterwards, when an experienced spinster of twenty-eight instead of a 
giddy girl of sixteen, one Francis Plumer of Newbury, whose wife Mr. Blodgette is 
at a loss to account for. Now it is very evident what Mr. Blodgette has been doing. 
Like many a genealogist before him, he has been constructing ancestral houses of 
cards, castles in Spain, airy palaces, fitting in a piece here and a piece there, all very 
pretty in its way, but always leading to ugly gaps and unfinished corners, It is 
best to keep to the rule of undoubted proof, without hazarding ingenious conjectures. 
This blemish in Mr. Blodgette's case is the greater pity, since his work is most 
excellently conceived and executed with great labor and wide research. 

10 Poland Street, London, W. Lotiirop Withixgton. 

An Ancient Letter. — The following is a copy of a letter written in 1641 by Mrs. 
Julian Borman, who probably resided in Dryden, England, to her son Samuel 
Borman, at that time a resident of Ipswich, but within a year or two removed to 
Wethersfield, Conn. Anson Titus. 

" Good Sonne. I have received your letter whereby I understand that you are in 
good health, for which I give God thanks, as we are all. Praised be God for the 
same. Whereas you desire to see your Brother Christopher with you, He is not 
ready for so great a. journey, nor doe I think he dare take upon himself so dangerous 
a voige. Your five sisters are all alive and in good health, and remember their 
love to you. Your father hath been dead almost two years. And thus troubling 
you no farther at this time, I rest praying to God to bless you and your wife, unto 
whom we all kindly remember our loves. Your loving Mother 

February 5, 1641 Dryden. Julian BoREMAN. ,, 

104 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

A Mistake Corrected. — Mr. Butler, in his History of Groton (page 449), prints 
a list of illegitimate births that have occurred in the town before the year 1782, 
giving the Dames both of the mothers and the children. It is not claimed that the 
list is complete, but in one case at least it is incorrect and by implication unjust 
to the memory of a worthy family. It is there stated that Eleazer, son of Phebe 
Lawrence, was born "24a. 12m. 1075;" and this is the only instance where the 
date is given without mentioning specifically the name of the month. The birth 
does not appear at all in the Groton records, but in the Middlesex County records at 
East Cambridge it does appear that " Eleazer son of Phebe Laurance [was] born 
24. 12. 75." The entry is made w T ith three others, where in each case the name of 
the father is given, but not that of the mother. The omission to give the father's 
name was doubtless due to the fact, that Thomns Danforth, Recorder at Cambridge, 
read the return made at the time by James Fisk, Clerk of the Writs, as Phebe in- 
stead oi' Pc/e/j. which was the father's name ; and from this fact the confusion has 
arisen. Mr. Butler probably thought that Phebe was not married, and so placed 
her among the unfortunate women in the list. There is no other record to show 
that there was a Phebe Lawrence in Groton at that period. 

Now to the main support of my theory : Eleazer, the third child of Peleg and 
Elizabeth (Morse) Lawrence, was born on February 28, 1674-5, as appears by ano- 
ther entry in the records made a few years later, which is only four days after the 
time assigned in the list. Without doubt the two Eleazers were one and the same 
person. See the Groton Historical Series, Vol. I., No. XIII. (pages 9, 10). 

s. A. G. 

Parker. — William Parker, of Groton, married first, on March 30, 1736, Susanna 
Kemp; and secondly, on January 9, 1755, Mrs. Sarah (Boynton) Richardson, of 
Pepperell, born in the year 1721. She was the eldest child of Nathaniel and Han- 
nah (Perham) Boynton, of Westford, and the widow of Abiel Richardson, a native 
of Billerica. By the second marriage there were three children, namely : 

Susanna, who married Samuel Lawrence, of Groton; Ruth, who married 
Samuel Taylor, of Dunstable; and Elizabeth, who married [Simon?] Rogers, of 
Concord. If Elizabeth's husband was Simon, she died on October 2, 1794. 

AVidow Sarah (Boynton \ Richardson) Parker, after the death of her second hus- 
band on February 1, 1761, married thirdly, on July 23, 1767, David Taylor, of 
Concord. See Volume I. of the Groton Historical Series, No. X. (page 28); also 
No. X11I. (pages 31, 33). s. a. g. 

Richard Bailey, who was in Dorchester in the early part of last century, was not 
connected with the earlier Bailey families of New England, but was a son of Edward 
Bailey, clothier, who resided in Ring wood, Hampshire Co., England, and died there 
about 1706. Edward Bailey by wife Mary had three children, the above Richard, 
Henry of Boston 1720, and daughter Francis. This is testified to by Lettuca 
Bedgood, wife of Capt. Edward, Boston, mariner, who was born and resided in 
Ringwood, Eng., until 1714. Mass. Arch. 8, 237-8. Anson This. 


Pitts. — I have lately been making some genealogical researches with respect to the 
family of Pitts of llingham, Norfolk, England, and have been informed that there 
is a family of the same name now residing in New England, descended from one 
of the early settlers there. Can any one tell me whether the latter family originat- 
ed from Hingham, England ? and if so, what was the name of tin; emigrant ancestor I 

4 Surrey Street, Norwich, Eny. Geo. \V. G. Barnard. 

Simpson. — Jane Borland, dau. of John and Ann Vassall Borland, married Jonathan 
Simpson. Had they any descendants? Cecil H. C. Howard. 

256 Tompkins Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Spooner. — Phoebe Borland, dau. John and Ann Vassall Borland, married Geo. 
Spooner. Whom did their daughter Sarah marry? Cecil H. C. Howard. 

256 Tompkins Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1888.] Notes and Queries. 105 

Sheldon. — Can any of your readers identify the following, and give connections, 

John Sheldon, named on Court Records at Hartford, 1C50. 
of Newport, R. I., 1651. 
" " of Pautuxet, " " 1658, 

11 " Billerica, Mass., 1658, Mary Thompson. 

" " Rochester, Mass., taxed 1687. 

William Sheldon in London, 1656 ; son in law to Joshua Foote of Boston. 
" of Billerica, 1659-63, and, if the same, ofSaco 1664. 
11 " Juryman from Scarborough, 1666. 

" " Messenger from the East in Philip's war, 1675. 

" " of Scarborough, with wife Alice, 1664. 

" " died at Danvers, Dec. 1691, a. 80. 

Godfrey Sheldon, of Scarborough, 1664, died 1671. 

Godfrey Sheldon, killed by Indians at Salem or Danvers, 1690, aged 24. leaving a 
wife and daughter. George Sheldon. 

Deerfield, Mass. 

Stevens. — Who was the Erasmus Stevens, Boston, "mentioned by Savage, vol. 
4, page 185," by wife Eliz. had John, born 1671, Mary 1673, and Erasmus? What 
Stevens did Eliz. " b. Dorchester 1642, daughter of Thomas Clarke, Boston," marry ? 

New York. B. K. Stevens. 

Clark. — A correspondent at the west wrote to ask if I could trace his ances- 
try to Hon. Daniel Clark of Windsor, Ct. ? He descends from Daniel Clark of 
Lyme, Ct., son of Daniel of Colchester, Ct. By family records which have come 
into my possession, I learn that Hon. Daniel Clark and Mary Newberry (m. 1644) 
had ten children. Daniel the fourth child, b. April 5th, 1654, married Hannah 
Pratt of Hartford, and removed to Colchester, Ct. Their children were Daniel, 
Moses, John, Aaron, Nathaniel, Abraham, Noah. 

The same authority says that Hon. Daniel Clark came with his uncle Rev. 
Ephraim Huit from Chester, England. Is anything more known on that subject? 

Information is wanted for a genealogical work. 

Address Mrs. E. E. Salisbury, New Haven, Conn. 

Borland. — Information would be gladly received of the other twelve children of 
John and Ann Vassall Borland and their descendants. Cecil II. C. Howard. 

256 Tompkins Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Hartwell — Sherman. — Roger Sherman, the " Signer," married for his first wife, 
Elizabeth Hartwell, said to have been '' a daughter of Joseph Hartwell, of Stoughton." 
She died at Milford, Conn., Oct. 17, 1760, aged 34 years. I desire to know the full 
date and place of her birth, and the names of her parents, including her mother's 
maiden name. Frank Willing Leach, 

Compiler of " The Signers, etc., and their Descendants." 

No. 733 Walnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Benjamin Tubbs was married January 12, 1698-9. to Elizabeth Kim, widow, at 
Dover, N. H., by Rev. John Pike. Can any one give any subsequent information 
concerning them ? Did they have children ? Where did they reside? 

Osceola, Tioga Co., Pa. Charles Tubbs. 

Baker. — Edward Baker and his wife Persis were in Westborough, Mass., in 1722, 
and lived there many years. Joseph Baker, one of their children, born May 19, 
1736, married Martha Death, Nov. 15, 1758. Where was Edward Baker born, and 
who were his parents? What was the maiden name of his wife Persis, and who 
were her parents? Who were the parents of Martha Death ? Information on these 
points will be gladly received by George P. Barrett. 

Post Office Box 610, Portland, Me. 

VOL. XLII. 10 

100 Notes and Queries. [Jan* 

Hooi'kr. — Elizabeth, daughter of William Hooper, of Reading, Mass., married 
Enoch Leonard, of Bridgewater, Mass.; he died leaving two children, Enoch and 
Elisabeth. Sin- married b second time, N >v. S3, 1790, James, boo of James Wash- 
burn, who was horn May 15, 1768, ami moved from Bridge water. Can anyone tell 
when 1 they died, and, if they had children, their names and when horn? 

William Hooper married at Hingham, Mass., April 30, 1722, Elizabeth, daughter 
of Joseph Thorn, and had: Mary, b. 172.'* ; Elizabeth, b. 1721; William, h. 17-. 
Sarah, b. 1728: Rose, b. 1730. William alone was probably son of William, of 
Reading. This family moved from Hingham. Tan anyone tell where to, or give 
any account of his descendants? 

j'hilo Hooper, son of Klisha of Stockbridge, Mass., horn probably about 1765; 
moved, it is supposed, to New York State ; was there married, and had three B 
and three daughters, and moved west. Can anyone tell where tbia family went, 
and give information concerning his descendants'.' 

Zilpba, daughter of Nathaniel Hooper, of Bridgewater, Mass., married 1766, 
Jabez Warren, of Middleborough. Can anyone tell where they lived and died, 
and, if they had children, their names and when born? 

Sarah, daughter of John Hooper, born in Bridgewater, Mass., in 1749; married 
in 1769, Thomas, son of Thomas Lawrence; he died, and she married a Capt. 
Barney, of Taunton. She probably removed from Bridgewater with her first hus- 
band, as his death and her second marriage are not recorded there. Can anyone 
tell who Capt. Barney was? when he and his wife died? and if they had children? 

352 Washington St., Boston, Mass. Thomas Hooper, Jr. 

Colchester Queries. — Where did the first Adamses who settled in Colchester, 
Ct., go from to that town? The Colchester records do not inform us, and no one of 
whom I have ever inquired has been able to tell me. 

Where were the Crippens, Deathicks and Galushias of Colchester from? Where 
was Robert Ransom, of Colchester, from? I think he was the first Ransom in this 
country, and the ancestor of all of them. Charles M. Taintor. 

North Manchester, Ct. 

Woburn Document. — Can any reader of the Register inform me of the present 
■whereabouts of a copy of the letter of Charles II., June 28, 1662, referred to in the 
Register, vol. v. p. 392, as having been returned from Woburn, endorsed by Thomas 
Dutten and witnessed by Moses Cleveland, John Baker and William Simons, Dec. 
8, 1662? In 1865 this document was owned by the late Samuel G. Drake, A.M. 
See Hutchinson Collection of Papers, Prince Society's edition, Vol. n. pp. 100-1. 

P. O. Box 485, Hartford, Conn. Edmund J. Cleveland. 

Hixon. — Joseph Hixon, of Montserrat, married, 16th (?) January, 1777, Abigailj 
daughter of Rev. Samuel Cooper, D.D., pastor of Brattle Street Church, B 
Joseph Hixon died at Boston, 15 February, 1801, and his wife died at Roxbury, 6 
October, 1826. They had three sons (and possibly more) — Joseph S. who died in 
1810, Samuel C. and George. The two latter I have been unable to trace. 

If there are any descendants of Joseph Hixon living, I should be glad to know it ; 
and any information on the subject of this inquiry will be gratefully reo iv< 1. 

Amherst, Mass. F. TuCKXRMAN. 

Reynolds. — I am anxious to trace out an old English family of the name of R ••>- 
nolds, descended from John Reynolds of the New House, Elmly Lovett, Worcester- 
shire. There was a Harry Reynolds, who emigrated to the United States of America 
somewhere about the close of the 17th century, son of John Reynolds. The New 
House Estate was sold to a Williams in the year 1809 by John Reynolds. 1 have 
heard that two officers in the American army are descendants. Their names I could 
not ascertain, but they made inquiries at the Heralds' College some years ago about 
their ancestors in Worcestershire. Can any one give information on this Bubject? 

A granddaughter of John Reynolds married a Mr. Sadler, a merchant, who had 
one child, a daughter, in London, As 1 am myself a great-grandson of John Reyi 
nolds, I have ;m interest in the matter. J. Q. Fokrxsi 

Wans/on/, Northainptonsliin , England. 

1888.] Notes and Queries. 107 

Waldron — Walderne — Walden. — Alexander, Edward, George, Isaac, John, 
Robert, Samuel and William Waldron [ sometimes written Walden, Walderne] 
were brothers, and the} 7 had a sister Mary. Of these brothers, Alexander w&s & 
" sojourner " at Great Island, now New Castle, N. H., when he made his will, June 
7,1676, in which he names his brother Isaac, to whom he gives £20 ; brothers 
William and George, to whom he gives his house and land in Boston after death 
of Abisha wife of Robert Taperell ; brother Edward in " Old England " ; sister Mary 
and brother Samuel ; and Joan Barker of Coventry, England. 

Isaac, who was a physician, was " of the parish of St Bedast in fibster lane, 
London," when he married Feb. 25, 1674, Prisciila Byfield, of East Sheene, Surrey, 
daughter of Reverend Richard and sister of Capt. Nathaniel Byfield afterward of 
Boston, Mass., and Bristol, R. 1. Isaac settled in Boston, where he died 1683 ; although 
his name is in list of first inhabitants of Bristol, 1681, hedid not settle there; his 
estate was evidently insolvent; Lieut. Governor, John Usher, was administrator. 

Robert, in a letter to John Usher, Esq., dated March y e 18, 1683-4, writes : " I thank 
you for your continuall kindness to my brother Isaac when he was living, & now to 
my sister his wife, now he is dead. I am glad y* so good a friend of my brothers hath 
undertaken y e trouble in part to save my sister, & it puts his friends & relations into 
y e greatest hopes yt they will not be forgotten. My brother Isaac owed me upon bond 
y e sum of £60, the obligation being £120. My brother Samuel Waldron with you 
was one of y c witnesses of it. There isowing also to my brother John Waldron £14 
upon a bill of my brothers own writing, besides y e legacies of my brother Alexander, 

viz £40. I pray you M r Usher to do as it ( ?) kindness as to be instrumental 

in helping us to what is found so just & honest. I beg yo r pardon for the giving 
you this trouble &rest in hope S r Yo r Faith full friend & kinsman. Robert Waldron. 

" Direct y r letters to M r John Waldron in Coventry ( ? ) you please to let 

me heare of you & give this enclosed to my sister.' 1 * 

George, of Boston, for £30 deeds to his brother Isaac Waldron, Oct. 20, 1678, all 
his one-half interest in the house left him by legacy from his brother Alexander, 
after death of A bishay Taprill, Receipt for the £30.* Receipt to John Usher 
adm r of estate of Isaac Waldron for a dividend of 2 s 9 d on the £, signed by Nathan- 
iel Byfield for self and as attorney for George Walderne, Walter Mico, W m Stones- 
treet & Rob^ Patterson, Boston, July 7, 1697. # 

1 desire to learn if there is any record evidence showing that George and Samuel 
Waldron, mentioned below, were the brothers of Alexander, Edward, Isaac, Wil- 
liam and John named in the first paragraph, alsowAo xoere their parents. 

George, a " blacksmith," married about 1675, Rachel, daughter of Thomas Baker 
of Boston by wife Leah daughter of Thomas Clark also of Boston. George's name 
is in list of first inhabitants of Bristol, R. I. 1681, where he died Dec. 12, 1739 — age 
not recorded ; had 10 children. He was " of Newport," R. I., 1696, but remained 
there but a short time. 

Samuel, also a " blacksmith," was " of Bristol," 1684 ; " of Taunton " — the part 
afterward Dighton— 1701, where he died. His death is recorded upon the town records 
as follows: " Samuel Waldron of Dighton died on the 13th day of May 1729, came 
from Coventry in Old England ; arrived in Boston 13 day of May 1679." In his 
will of Aug. 8, 1727, proved Aug. 19, 1729, he names his wife and five children, and 
gives to his " beloved brother George Waldron of Bristol " £20. 
Has any one an autograph of George Waldron of Bristol ? 

Elgin, Illinois. John B. Newcomb. 

Crane. — Information wanted of the descendants of Jasper Crane who was one of 
the first settlers of the New Haven Colony. After residing in East Haven and 
Branford he removed to Newark, N. J., about 1667 (?) He was a magistrate of 
the latter place in 1673, and died there at an advanced age. His sons were : 
John, born in England, 1635, died 1694. 
Deliverance, born 1642. 
Micah, born 1647. 

Azariah, born 1648, died 1730 at Newark. 
Jasper, Jr., born 1651, died 1712 at Newark. 
Azariah married daughter Gov. Treat, and had children. 
Jasper, Jr., also married and had issue. 

Any information relative to the above will be thankfully received. 
41 West 45th St., N. Y. City. O. S. Crane. 

* From old papers in possession of Walter Lloyd Jeffries, Esq., of Boston. 

L08 Notes and Queries, [Jan. 

Bottom am. Lonobottom. — [nformatioo concerning any of the following named 
parties, or their descendants, will be gratefully received by the undersigned, to 
whom replies arc requested to be sent : Amariah Longbottom, or Bottum, bora at 
Norwioh, Conn., September 7, 1710; .John, of same name, bora at same placet 
mber 93, 1740; Joshua, of same name, bora at same place, June 26, 1742; 
Daniel, ol same name, bora at same place, May 96, 1744; Jacob, ol same name, 
horn ;it same place, March 18, 171? ; Silas Bottum, bora at Norwich, November 95, 
1776, boo of David Bottum, Jr., and Eunice Bingham. V. M. Bottum. 

B i 337, Rochester, N. Y. 

Gustin. — Among the earliest Connecticut Bettlers in Wyoming Valley, Pa., 1769, 
was Dr. Lemuel Gustin, Physician in Forty Fort, surgeon to Continental troops 
previous to massacre, and then Aid-de-camp to Col. Zebulon Butler. His brother, 

Dr. Joel (Justin, married a sister of (Jen. Nathaniel Greene. Where was the 
New England residence, and what the parentage? One or two generations lacking 
to connect them with .John Augustine, Reading, Mass., 1(375-0. Add 

Tyringham, Berk. Co., Mass. Geo. W. (Justin. 

Folsom. — In the command of Confederate Gen. Albert Pike, at Camp Coffee, Mo., 
in the fall of 1862, was a Choctaw Indian Regiment, officered by Sampson Folsom, 

Colonel; Simpson N. Folsom, Lieut. Col.; also two Captains, Martin Folsom and 
£. W. Folsom. How came Indians to bear the name of Folsom? A. A. Folsom. 
Boston, Mass. 

Fenn. — I wish to obtain more information about Edward Fenn, of Wallingford, 
Ct., whose will was probated at New Haven, Nov. 14, 1732. In Davis's History of 
NVallingford, it is stated that he married Mary Thorp, Nov. 15, 1688, and died Feb. 
2, 1728, aged 84. John D. Fenn. 

Hartford, Ct. 

Parsons. — I desire to trace the ancestry of Andrew Parsons, Lieutenant Governor 
of Michigan in 1848 or '50. He died in 1852. He has a brother John, I believe, 
living in Mexico, Oswego County, N. Y. 

Any information that will aid me in my inquiry will be thankfully received. 

503 West Madison Street, Chicayo, 111. P. D. Parsons. 

Morris. — I wish to ascertain the ancestry of Major Joseph Morris, of Morris- 
town, N. J., who greatly distinguished himself in the Revolutionary war, and who 
is known to have been actively engaged in the French and Indian wars. He was 
born about 1732, and died January 5, 1778, aged 46. I have contributed to The 
Record^ published by the First Presbyterian Church of Morristown, in the numbers 
for October and November, 1885, an article on Major Morris, in which 1 give an 
account of him and his son, Lieut. Jonathan Ford Morris, who also served in the 
Revolutionary war. 

J am inclined to believe that lie was descended from Capt. John Morris, who re- 
moved from Now Haven, Ct., to Newark, N. J., and was high sheriff of Essei 
County in 1700. The line of descent claimed by the family is John, Daniel and 
Stephen ; the latter the father of Major Joseph. SaM! ki. 11 \vi;\ 

313 North 3d Street, St. Louis, Mo. 

The Savery Families. Errors in the Article in October B t. — On 

of the Register and 11 of the pamphlet, 1 said that Thomas Savory 3 (Samuel, 1 

Thomas 1 ), alter he became of age, probably live 1 at Plymouth, for in a deed da: 

March 6, 17-27, be is described as "of Plymouth, husbandman," and that he se 
tied at Agawam, then pari oj Rochester. 1 have since been reminded that Agawam 
was then pari ol Plymouth, not of Rochester ; and the description in the deed, as 
well as the record of his children's births in Plymouth, does not necessarily suggest 
that he resided in the village of Plymouth, as I supposed. 

On page 383 of the Register, page 15 of the pamphlet, for " daughter of Isaac 
Bumpas, ol Rochester, afterwards ol Lyme, N il . bj his wifi Mary , daughter o f 

1888.] Notes and Queries. 109 

Ezra Perry fifenV, of that place, 7 ' read daughter of Isaac Bumpus, of Rochester, 
afterwards of Lyme, Connecticut, by his wife Mary, daughter of Ezra Perry, of 

Can any contributor of the Register tell me whether this Ezra Perry was of the 
same family as the renowned Commodore Perry, or of Bishop Perry, of Iowa, the 
historiographer of the American Episcopal Church, and how they *were related, if 
at all ? 

On page 383 of the Register, p. 15 of the pamphlet, third line from the bottom, 
for Mary At wood read Polly At wood. 

On page 380 of the Register, p. 18 of the pamphlet, I said that " John, b. May 
•21, 1736, m. Sept, 11, 1755, Sarah (Spofford) Wood." It should read, "Sarah, 
daughter of Edward and Mary (Spofiord) Wood." A. W. Savary. 

Digby, N. S. 

Diary of Rev. Samuel Cooper (ante, xl. 388-91). — In the October number of the 
Register, page 391, I find this entry under Nov. 30, 1753, in Dr. Cooper's Diary : 
41 baptiz'd Martha of Benj. and Elizab. Brandon ; William of W m . Dale.'" 

I am confident that this last entry should be, William of William Dall. It may 
be merely an error in transcribing. C. H. Dall. 

Washington, D. C. 

[Mr. William Kelby, assistant librarian of the New York Historical Society, has 
examined the original diary for us. He states that it is an interleaved copy of 
Ames's Almanac for 1753. On the first page is inscribed, in the hand-writing of 
Rev. Timothy Alden : " Mr. Sam. Cooper's diary for 1753. Presented to T. Alden 
by Mr. J. S. Buckminster, 1809." The diary was printed in full in the Historical 
Magazine, Vol.X., 1866, Sup. pp. 82-4. 

Mr. Kelby finds that the name is written Dall in the original diary. He also 
finds other errata, as follows : 

Page 389, line 21, for Fee 5£ 0. 5 read Fee 5£ O. T. ; line 24, for 8 read 18, and 
for Donkani read Donham ; line 28, after baptized, insert 2 ; line 31, for Beacham 
read Beach urn ; line 56, for Mr. Abbot pch* read Mr. Abbot pray'd ; line 59, for 
7 o'clock read 3 o'clock. 

Page 390, line 5, for Elizabeth read Eliza ; line 11, for David read Daniel ; line 
14, for propounded read propound ; line 15, after Doll, insert Thomas Powell, Eliza- 
beth Hall, F. 1 Doll. ; line 28, after baptiz'd insert 3 ; line 42, for Genges read 
George's ; for Pch't Sabbath read Kept Sabbath ; line 47, for Killing read Kittery ; 
line 58, for 24 read 21. 

Page 391, line 3, dele and ; line 5, for Oldbur read Odbur ; line 13, for Elizabeth 
read Eliza, also dele and ; line 16, for Jonas read Josias ; line 22, after baptiz'd 
insert 2 ; line 25, after 4th insert Sabb. ; line 29, for Mue read More. — Editor.] 

Adams Family. — Azubah (or Huldah), Joseph, Abraham and Benjamin Adams, 
for whose parentage 1 inquired in the Register (Vol. xli. -90), were children of 
Abraham 4 Adams (Daniel, 3 Samuel, 2 Edward 1 ) , of Fairfield and Redding, Conn., 
by his wife Elizabeth Williams. w. h. u. 

Historical Intelligence. 

The Editor of the Register having been taken sick on the 23d of August last 
while the October number was in press, Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., a former editor of 
the Register, kindly took charge of that number, and with the assistance of William 
B. Trask, Esq., also formerly an editor of the work, carried it through the press. 
The editor returns his warmest thanks to Messrs. Hoyt and Trask for their assistance 
and for the excellent manner in which their work was done. 

An Unknown Autograph of John Harvard, the Founder of Harvard Univer- 
sity. — The following letter appeared in the Liverpool Courier, Friday, December 2, 


To the Editor : 
Sir, — I seek permission to avail myself of your columns for the purpose of plac- 
ing on record, for the first time, particulars of a discovery which 1 trust may not be 
without interest to some, at least, of your numerous readers. 

VOL. XLII. 11 

110 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

Until. just now, the only scraps of the writing of John Harvard, founder of Har- 
vard College, which the most careful and repeated researches have been able to un- 
earth, are his two signatures, made respectively on his admission to his B. A. 
and M.A. degrees, which are preserved in the subscription book of the University 
of Cambridge, when he subscribed his assent to the well-known " three articles." 

% a succession of fortuitous circumstances the Harvard family had become re- 
duced to two in number — John Harvard, the founder, and his brother Thomas— and 
upon them had devolved means which had accumulated from a variety of sources. 
Thomas Harvard, then, died in the life-time of his elder brother, to whose means 
a further increase was made on this event. 

These preliminary observations will lead the way to and explain what follows. 

It w r as known that John Harvard and his brother Thomas jointly held certain 
property, by lease, from the Hospital of St. Katharine, near the Tower of London. 
Communications were therefore opened with the present authorities of the hospital, 
and were received in the manner which might be expected by a corporate body over 
which the Rev. James St. John Blunt is master, and Sir Arnold White, as chapter 
clerk of St. Kathenne's, legal adviser. The latter, with great courtesy, caused care- 
ful search to be made amongst the very numerous muniments of the hospital, and 
the result, of which I was informed in September last, is now made public for the 
first time. 

The expectations which had been formed were realized to their fullest extent. 
The search brought to light the original counterpart lease, dated July 29, 1635, 
from the hospital to " John Harvard, clerke, and Thomas Harvard, cittizen and 
cloth-worker, of London," of certain tenements in the parish of Allhallows, Bark- 
ing, and the counterpart is executed by John Harvard and Thomas Harvard. Of 
the latter no writing has hitherto been found, so far as I am aware. 

The names of the witnesses attesting the signatures are somewhat obscure, says 
Sir Arnold White; but he makes them out to be " Richard Mason " and " Robert 
Oldner," and this reading he thinks is probably correct, as he finds on reference to 
Dr. Ducarel's History of the Hospital, published in 1782, that " Richard Mason, 
gent.," was at the date of the lease surveyor and receiver of the hospital. 

It may be well to observe, for the information of those who are unacquainted 
with such matters, that the invariable practice was that the lease, executed by the 
lessors, was handed to the lessees, who executed a counterpart which was retained 
by the lessors. Hence we have a feature of singular interest, importance and value in 
this discovery which it is essential to notice. Custody, as everyone knows, is a cardi- 
nal point in matters of this kind, and the document now brought to light is not only 
in the hands of those who are its legal owners, but is in the selt-same keeping in 
whieh it was placed the moment the ink of the signatures was dry, two hundred and 
fifty-two years ago. There is nothing to be done in the way of tracing, with more 
or less uncertainty and doubt, how it passed from one to another during the two 
centuries and a half of its existence ; for it has never for a single moment been in 
any custody other than that in which it is at present, and I may add must of neces- 
sity continue so long as it shall endure. 

I will conclude by stating, what I am sure will be received with much satisfaction 
— namely, that, thanks to the permission of the hospital authorities, fac-similes of 
the full size of the original document — some 17 inches by 20— and executed in the 
best manner possible, will shortly be procurable. Yours, &c. D. 

Nov. 30, 1887. 

The two leading London literary journals, The Athencrnm and The Academy, both 
of Dec. 10, 1887, contain similar announcements, though giving fewer details. We 
have received a circular stating that a fac-simile of this document of the full size of 
the original, and executed in the most perfect manner, has been made, and can be 
obtained of John VVheldon, Bookseller, 58 Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn 
Fields, London, Eng. Price £1 35. 0d. (twenty-three shillings). 

Family Reunions. — Boynton, Emery and Poor. — The American Boynton A 
ciation held their fifth annual convention and family reunion, September 14, 1887, 
at Boston, Mass. ; the Emery family and the Poor family also held reunions on that 
day, the former at Boston and the latter at Haverhill, Mass. It is encouraging to 
find these family gatherings increasing. They make the scattered members of the 
several families better acquainted with each other, and furnish opportunities for 
gathering genealogical statistics. 

1888.] JVbtes and Queries, 111 

National Society for Preserving the Memorials of the Dead in the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. — A society under this name was es- 
tablished in England in the year 1881. It has for its objects to preserve and protect 
the Memorials of the Dead in Parish Churches, Churchyards and Closed Burial 
Grounds : 
1. — By securing a record of Sepulchral Memorials, and of the sites of Monuments, 

destroyed or removed, where such can be identified. 
2. — By carefully watching works carried on in Churches, especially during the 
progress of "restoration" or rebuilding; and by using every legitimate 
means to prevent the desecration and painful interference with the surface or 
limits of the churchyards. 
3. — By promoting the repair of such Memorials as the Society may think necessary 

or desirable, and by the occasional grant of funds for this purpose. 
4. — By seeking to obtain Legislation in behalf of the objects the Society has in 

5. — By promoting a publication of the more important and historical memorials, 

and by encouraging the printing and publishing of Parochial Registers. 
6. — By forming a Reference Library of works treating upon the subject of the Monu- 
mental Architecture and Sculpture of the Country. 

The minimum annual subscription for members is 10s. ; life subscription, 5 guineas. 
The Society's Journal, published at intervals, is free to members. The first number 
was issued in July, 1882. The president is the Rt. Rev. the Bp. -Suffragan of Not- 
tingham, F.S.A. ; and the secretary is William Vincent, Esq., Belle Vue Rise, Nor- 
wich, or Oxford Mansion, Oxford St., London, W., England. Communications 
should be addressed to the secretary. The work of the society commends itself to 
all interested in preserving the history of their ancestors and kindred, and we trust 
that liberal subscriptions will be forwarded to the society. 

Monumental Inscriptions in the City of Norwich. — This is the title of a work 
of which a circular has been issued, to be collated by and under the auspices of and 
published by the above named society. The inscriptions are copied from the tombs, 
monuments, gravestones, brass plates and memorial windows in the cathedrals, 
churches, churchyards, places of worship, and closed burial grounds in Norwich. 
The work will be issued in six or seven parts, foolscap folio, printed on antique 
paper, with index for each part. There will be a general index of the whole in the 
last part. Price to subscribers to the whole work, 5s. each part. Members of the 
society can have the work at cost price. Subscribers' names received by the 
secretary, William Vincent, Esq., Belle Vue Rise, Hellesdon Road ; and by Messrs. 
A. H. Goose & Co., booksellers, Rampant Horse Street, Norwich, England. 

George W. Marshall, LL.D., F.S.A., the founder and first editor of Ths Gen- 
ealogist and author of "The Genealogist's Guide," having been tendered the ap- 
pointment of Rouge-Croix Pursuivant in the College of Arms, by the Duke of Nor- 
folk, has accepted the office. We are glad that a gentleman so well qualified for the 
position has received the appointment. His learning and his knowledge of the fam- 
ily history of Great Britain admirably fit him for the position. Our readers who 
wish researches made at the Heralds' College are recommended to address their 
communications to Dr. Marshall. 

Parish Registers of Rochdale, Lancashire. — Lieut. Col. Henry Fishwick, F.S. A., 
The Heights, Rochdale, England, author of the *' History of Goosnargh," " History 
of Kirkham," etc., is preparing for the press "The Registers of the Parish Church 
of Rochdale," from 1582 to 1616. The original parish of Rochdale was one of the 
largest in the hundred of Salford, and contained the villages of Todmorden, Milnrow, 
and Whitworth, and within its ecclesiastical jurisdiction was also the chapelry of 
Saddle worth. The earliest volume of registers is worn with age and usage, and 
before many years large portions of it will be destroyed. 

The Registers will be reproduced verbatim el literatim, with explanatory notes 
when required. The size of the volume will be demy octavo, and will contain about 
370 pages with an Introduction and a complete index of names. The issue will be 
limited to 225 copies demy 8vo., price 10s. 6d., and 25 copies large paper, price 21s., 
post free. Subscription to be sent to the editor at the above address. 

112 Notes and Queries. [Jan. 

runucATioNs of the southern Historical >o< ikty.— me niteenm volume 01 tne 
Southern Historical Society Paper*, now in pros, will he " Paroles of the Army of 
Northern Virginia, surrendered at Appomattox Court-] louse, April 9th, 1865, with 
a Historical Introduction," edited by 11. A. Brook, the secretary of the society. 
The volume will be one of great value. Life membership in this society is $50, and 
annual membership, $5 a year. Members receive the publications free. 

Local Histories in Preparation. — Persons hating facts and documents relating 
to any of the towns, cities, counties or other localities of which histories are an- 
nounced under this heading, are advised to send them at once to the person engaged 
in writing the history. 

Richmond, Virginia. By R. A. Brock. — A Memorial History of Richmond, Va., 
is announced by 1). Mason & Co., publishers, Richmond, as in preparation. The 
work will be written by R. A. Brock, Esq., secretary of the Southern Historical 
Society and also of the Virginia Historical Society, whose name is sufficient to guar- 
antee a high literary character and historic accuracy for the work. No pains or 
expense will be spared to render the book worthy of the subject. It will portray 
faithfully the interesting annals of the territory. The book will make a large 8vo., 
7 by 10 inches, of 000 to 800 pages. 

Mi/ton, Mass. — This work, which has been several years in preparation, is now 
in press, and will be issued this winter. It will make a volume of more than 600 
pages, handsomely illustrated by 48 first class engravings. Subscriptions received 
by the selectmen of the town. Price $4 in cloth, or $5 in half-turkey morocco. 

Talbot County, Maryland. By Samuel A. Harrison, Easton, Md. — A volume 
entitled "The Worthies of Talbot" is in preparation by Mr. Havrison. It will 
contain the lives of conspicuous citizens of this county from its settlement to the 
present time. Many of the memoirs have already appeared in the public journals. 
Subscriptions received by the author. The book will be a royal 8vo. of more than 
600 pages. Price $5 in cloth. 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, especially service 
under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from colleges 
or professional schools, occupation, with places and dates of births, marriages, rest' 
dence and death. When there are more than one christian name they should all 
be given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 

Bigelow. By Gilman Bigelow Howe, of Northborough, Mass. — The Bigelow 
Family Association, of which Horace II. Bigelow of Worcester is president, at the 
reunion of that family held in Worcester, Mass., June 2, 1887, made arrangements 
with Mr. Howe, who is the secretary of the association and has for some years been 
at work on a history of the Bigelows, to prepare and arrange the book for the press. 
It is intended that the work shall contain a full and accurate account of the descen- 
dants of John Biglo, the common ancestor, from 1636 to the present time. The book 
will be illustrated with engravings and the price will probably not exceed five dollars. 
It will be ready in about two years. Subscriptions may be addressed to either of 
the above named gentlemen. 

Foster. By Paymaster Joseph Foster, U.S.N., 26 Middle St., Portsmouth, 
N. II. — This is a second edition of Paymaster Foster's work issued in 1885. The 
present work was announced by us in January, 1886. The book is now in press and 
over 400 pages arc printed. It will contain a genealogical and biographical ace unit 
of Col. Joseph Foster, of Ipswich and Gloucester, Mass., 1730-1804, with his 
children, grandchildren and later descendants, and notices of affiliated familii 
Butler, Boreman, Dane, Giddlngs, Goodhue, EPutchings, Kinsman, luist. Turtle 
and Wardell. It will also contain an account of Reginald Poster and his descen- 
dants, which while not exhaustive in the later generations, the author hopes will 
be more complete than anything now in print. He would be glad to receive any 
information or suggestions. 

Hboper. By Thomas Hooper, Jr., :>.v,2 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. — Mr. 
Hooper is compiling a genealogy of the descendants of William Hooper, who settled 
at Beading, Mass., in 1635. 

1888.] Societies and their Proceedings* 113 

Millet. By Dr. Asa Millet, of East Bridgewater, Mass. — Dr. Millet is at work 
on a genealogy of the descendants of Mr. Thomas Millet. The members of this 
familv are requested to send in any records which they may be able to furnish. 

Stanton. By Rev. Wm. A. Stanton, Ph.D., 308 North West Street, Rockford, 
111. — Dr. Stanton is preparing a " Genealogy of the Descendants of Thomas 
Stanton, Interpreter General of the New England Colonies." Thomas Stanton died 
atStonington,Conn., in 1677. Some of his descendants spell their name " Staunton." 
Dr. Stanton solicits correspondence and information. He has about 500 of the de- 
scendants of Thomas Stanton classified and indexed. 

Taylor. By W. O. Taylor, P. 0. Box 567, Shelburne Falls, Mass.— Mr. Taylor is 
compiling a complete genealogical record and history of the descendants of John 
Taylor of Windsor, Ct., who came from England in 1630, and after a few years 
residence at Lynn, Mass., removed in 1639 to Windsor, Ct. .Descendants are re- 
quested to send in records of their families. They will please mention any relics, 
deeds, commissions and other documents. A biographical sketch of each head of a 
family will be acceptable. Blanks will be furnished. 


New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, Oct. 5, 1887. — A quarterly meeting was 
held this afternoon at 3 o'clock, at the Sociely's House, 18 Somerset Street, the 
president, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. 

A nominating committee was chosen for the ensuing year, consisting of Col. 
Albert II. Hoyt and Rev. Dr. Increase N. Tarbox, and Messrs. John T. Has- 
sam, Henry H. Edes and George K. Clarke. 

William A. Mowry, Ph.D., of Boston, read a paper on " Franklin's Diplo- 
macy in connection with the Northwest Territory." 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported as donations in September, 15 vol- 
umes and eight pamphlets. 

Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., the historiographer, reported memorial 
sketches of two deceased members, Dexter H. Chamberlain and Hon. Alexan- 
der H. Holley. 

The nominating committee reported the following names as candidates for the 
publishing committee for the next year, namely, John Ward Dean, Rev. Dr. 
Lucius R. Paige, Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, Jeremiah Colburn, William B. Trask, 
Henry E. Waite and Francis E. Blake. 

November 2. — A stated meeting was held this afternoon, President Goodell in 
the chair. 

William A. Mowry, Ph.D , read a paper on "The Louisiana Purchase our 
First Acquisition of Territory " 

The librarian reported as donations in October, 84 volumes and 1088 pam- 

The corresponding secretary reported that the following gentlemen had ac- 
cepted resident membership to which they had been elected, namely, Edward 
T. Tucker, M.D., of New Bedford, Thomas R. Trowbridge of New Haven, 
Henry R. Hayden and John Haigh of Somerville. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of five deceased members, 
namely, Capt. James Burrell, Nathaniel P. Lovering, Elbridge Wason, Isaac B. 
Chace and Thomas Lamb. 

December 7. — A monthly meeting was held this afternoon, President Goodell 
in the chair. 

George H. Moore, LL.D., superintendent of the Lenox Library, New York 
city, read a paper on " The Origin of Yankee Doodle." 

The librarian reported as donations last month, 82 volumes and 242 pamphlets. 

VOL. XLII. 11* 

1 1 1 Societies and their Proceedings. [Jan. 

The corresponding secretary reported that Dr. George B. Millett of Penzance, 
Cornwall, and Hon. Thomas If. roti Canonsbnrg, Pa., ba«l accepted cor- 
responding membership to which the}- wen- elected. 

The historiographer reported memorial sketches of three deceased members, 
namely, Henry A. Homes, LL.D., Russell Sturgis and Hon. Ettas W . Leaven- 
wort h. 

Old Colony Historical Society. 

Taunton, Mass., Aprihl, 1887. — A meeting WBJB beldthisday, in Historical Hall. 
After an opening address from the President, Kev. S. Hopkins Emery, he introduced 
Mr. Samuel Adams Drake, who read an interesting paper on the siege and capture 
of Louisburg, on Cape Breton, during the administration of Gov. Shirley, and 
under the leadership of Sir William Peppercll, in 1715. 

The librarian, Gapt. Hall, read a long list of books, pamphlets, portraits, &c, 
donated since the last meeting. 

Twenty-eight new members were admitted. 

April 25. — A special meeting was held this day, to listen to a Lecture from Dr. 
Reuoen A. Guild, of Providence, on Roger Williams. 

July 11. — A quarterly meeting was held this day, the President in the chair. 
Suitable action was taken in memory of Hon. Henry Williams, deceased, an early 
member and officer of the Society and a distinguished citizen of Taunton. 

Capt. Hall read a carefully prepared paper on Major General George Hampden 
Crosman, of Philadelphia, a native of Taunton in 1779. 

October 10.— A quarterly meeting was held this day, and it being the birth day of 
the veteran Librarian, Capt. John Williams Dean Hall, — his eightieth, — most of 
the time was spent in congratulatory addresses by President Emery, Dr. Jones, 
Hon. Charles A. Reed and others, closing with the presentation to the Librarian of 
a gold-headed cane and to the Society of an excellent likeness of the octogenarian. 

Rhode Island Historical Society. 

Providence, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 1887. — A quarterly meeting was held this eve- 
ning at the society's Cabinet in Waterman Street, the president, William Gam- 
mell, LL.D., in the chair. 

The secretary, Hon. Amos Perry, reported as donations since the last quar- 
terly meeting, 46 volumes, 338 pamphlets and 7 other articles. He also reported 
a number of interesting letters. 

William D. Ely, chairman of the committee appointed to examine and report 
upon the accuracy of the date 1642 upon the seal of the society, as that of the 
settlement of Shawomet, presented and read a valuable paper on the subject. 
The committee are of opinion that the date is correct. Remarks by President 
Gammell and other members followed the reading of the paper. 

November 1. — The autumn and winter season was opened this evening. Presi- 
dent Gammell presided at the meeting. 

Prof. F. Benjamin Andrews, of Brown University, read a paper on the " Fed- 
eral Convention of 1787." 

November 15. — A meeting was held this evening in the society's Cabinet] 
President Gammell in the chair. 

Justin Winsor, librarian of Harvard University, read a paper on the " Diplo- 
matic Wiles and Blunders connected with the North-East Boundary Contro- 

November 29. — The regular meeting was held at the Cabinet this evening, the 
president in the chair. 

William II. Wecden, of Providence, read a paper on "The Early African 
Slave Trade in New England.'' 

I >i rember 14. — A regular meeting was held thifl eveni: 

I Inward W. Preston read a paper on the il Peatm be French and Eng- 

lish Charters of the Seventeenth Century." 

1888.] Book Notices. 115 


The Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 

Edward Godfrey: His Life, Letters and Public Services, 1584-1664. By Charles 
Edward Banks, M.D. Privately Printed. 1887. Small 4to. paper, pp. 88, with 
Illustrations and Appendix. 

The record of any individual prominently connected with the earliest colonial 
affairs of New England, cannot fail to excite our attention and command our re- 
spect ; and more especially is this the case when the career of such person is but 
little known and has not been previously published. Any facts thus brought out 
are a distinct contribution, not only in a local but in a general sense, to our histori- 
cal literature. 

Such a work is the one under notice. It is a brief description of the life and pub- 
lic services of Governor Edward Godfrey, who held the highest executive office, as 
well as other positions of trust, in the Province of Maine when that section of New 
England was under the Gorgean charter. It is a work valuable not only for what 
it narrates but what it suggests. It narrates in a general way and with clearness, 
care and an appropriate citation of authorities, the acts and events transpiring in 
the colony founded by Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and of which Governor Godfrey was 
one of the principal promoters ; and it suggests that a more detailed and public 
history of this colony would tend to set forth more clearly the somewhat complicat- 
ed relations of Maine with the neighboring governments and throw light upon trans- 
actions which have hitherto remained obscure. The value of such a work would 
readily be appreciated. 

The services of Governor Godfrey, on his visit to England in 1637, in defending 
the cause of Massachusetts against the demand of the Lords Commissioners for a 
surrender of the charter of that colony and for the appointment of a governor-gene- 
ral over all the New England settlements, were alike creditable to his sagacity and 
his magnanimity. Here was a man of a different religious belief, representing no 
interests in common with those of the Puritan commonwealth and having much to 
gain from such an appointment, inasmuch as the feeble settlement which he repre- 
sented would thereby be better protected, protesting successfully against this inva- 
sion of the rights of a neighboring colony opposed to his own in laws, customs and 
religion. It is yet an open question whether the appointment of a governor-general 
and the incorporation of all the petty colonies of New England into one large, com- 
pact and influential government, would not have worked eventually for the best inter- 
ests of that section of England's possessions. The expense of conducting a single gov- 
ernment would have been far less, the means of defence would have been greatly fa- 
cilitated, and the great variety of conflicting laws, manners, customs and even reli- 
gious beliefs might possibly have been gradually harmonized into one homoge- 
neous whole. On the other hand, the political influence of New England as an in- 
dependant section would not be so great in the national congress as it is at present 
with its six separate states. 

Yet how were these services of Godfrey rewarded ? It is not the pleasantest por- 
tion of the history of Massachusetts, the record of the treatment of this champion 
of her chartered rights by the old Bay colony. He had been chosen governor of the 
Province of Maine in 1649, and after an administration of three years, during which 
period the province had prospered, his government was taken from him by the col- 
ony he had befriended, and even his private property, secured to him by the Gor- 
ges charter, was wrested from him. The author gives a sad but interesting descrip- 
tion of this loyal and generous man vainly but persistently struggling to recover 
his rights, and at length becoming a prisoner for debt. The transition from high 
official power to a prison is not an uncommon one in history, but when it is effect- 
ed through no fault of the victim it becomes exceptional and rare. 

Maine became thus a part of Massachusetts in 1652, and remained under the con- 
trol of that colony, province and state, until 1820, a period of one hundred and six- 
ty-eight years. No fair-minded reader can look upon this transaction otherwise than 

116 Booh Notices* [Jan. 

as a usurpation ; and the most aggravating circumstance'connected with it was that 
it was not proposed during the life-time of Sir Ferdinando Gorges, who could have 
defended his rights, nor in that of Governor Winthrop, whose sense ofjustice might 
have led him to oppose it, but was done when the province was powerless. It is 
true that a money value was afterwards paid for the territory to the Gorges heirs, but 
neither the rights nor the voices of the settlers were at an} r time regarded in the 
matter. It might be considered an act of retributive justice that Massachusetts had 
her own charter taken away some thirty years afterwards, and was reduced from 
the condition of a half independent colony with the power to elect her governors, 
to that of a province with the executive officers appointed by the crown. 

The city of Gorgiana, or as it was often called, Agamenticus, is described by the 
author in an interesting manner. It was the first incorporated city in New Eng- 
land, and was organized in 1642 with a mayor, a board of twelve aldermen and 
twenty-four councilmen ; the mayor appointed by the governor and the aldermen 
and councilmen " chosen annually by the free burgesses." It also seems to have 
been the capital of the province. This ancient city is now known as the old 
town of York, with but little left to indicate its former dignity and importance. 
An account of its early records may be found in the thirty-filth volume of the Reg- 
ister. The book is well printed on good paper, with copious notes. The illustra- 
tions consist of a representation of St. Michael's Church, Wilmington, County of 
Kent. England, and the Godfrey arms. 

By Oliver B. Stebbins i Esq., of South Boston, Mass. 

The Pickering Genealogy. By Charles Pickering Bowditch, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

This work, which consists of descendants of John and Elizabeth Pickering of 
Salem, Mass., 1636, through their grandson Lieutenant John Pickering by his wife 
Sarah Burrill, is a very valuable addition to genealogical literature, embracing as 
it docs many noted families, whose records are for the first time printed. The 
descendants of this couple are traced as fully in the female lines as in the male, and 
the work, as far as it goes, appears to be of a most exhaustive nature, probably more 
minute than any genealogy that has as yet been printed. The tabulated form, 
which is here adopted, is one which we do not remember to have seen before, but is 
admirably adapted to the character of this work. The lines of descent (eleven genera- 
tions) are extended in the order of priority of birth, regardless of sex, the descend- 
ants of the first child being completed before the next is taken up. They are 
arranged on broadsides 25 by 17 inches in size, which come in a port-folio. There 
are seventy of these, and among the numerous families represented are — Lee, 
Higginson, Mackey, Frye, Orne, Paine, Diman, Green, Prince, Millet, Goodhue, 
Peirce, Pnippen, llentield, Goodale, Ropes, Symonds, Nichols, Bowditch, Cabot, 
Goddard, Piekman, Lyman, Gardner, Williams, Lowell, Wingate, Dodge, Silsbee, 

Mr. Bowditch inherits Pickering blood in two lines, being descended from Joseph 
and Sarah (Pickering) Hardy through his grandfather Benjamin Ropes Nichols, and 
through his maternal grandmother Mary daughter of Col. Timothy Pickering of 
revolutionary fame. In the preface to his work Mr. Bowditch says that he has reached 
only the first stage, and that the general plan of the Pickering Genealogy is to print 
additional sheets, carrying out in the same manner the other descendants of the first 
John Pickering not yet traced. Again, to issue a book giving sketches of the 
individuals who are thus recorded, with statistical information as to size of families, 
length of life, birth of twins, preponderance of male or female children, etc., in the 
different generations ; and further to trace the ancestry of the men and women who 
have married descendants of John Pickering. This would indeed seem a very 
arduous task, and if carried out, would be a work of the greatest value, not only as 
a genealogy but in a scientific point of view. Mr. Bowditch says the scope of the 
plan is so large that although he hopes at some time to complete it, it has seemed 
best at present to furnish certain parts at once, and take up the other later on. 

It is to be hoped that this plan may be carried out. 

Mr. Bowditch has given us a very fine index to the work, which embraces the 
christian as well as surname of every individual name on the sheets, printed in 
the beautiful manner for which John Wilson & Son of the University Press, Cam- 
bridge, is noted. This Index has an additional value from the characters attached 
to the names, which show the searcher whether the person was married, had 
children, died unmarried, etc. 

We are almost sorry to see that the edition of this valuable work is so limited — 

1888.] Booh Notices. 117 

only one hundred copies being printed. But the work has been of such a costly 
character, it was thought there would be but few who would care to take a copy 
at the seemingly large price ($25) for which each copy is sold. This price, by 
the way, is very much below the actual cost. 
It can be obtained of Mr. Harrison Ellery, Room 31, No. 28 State St., Boston, Mass. 

Collections of the Boslonian Society, Vol. 1. No. 2. Abel Bowen. By William 
Henry Whitmore. Boston : Old State House. 1887. Royal 8vo. pp. 56+26. 
Price 75 cts. For sale by the Bostonian Society. 

Proceedings of the Bostonian Society. Eulogy on Samuel Miller Quincy. By 
Samuel Arthur Bent. May 24, 1887. Boston : Old State House. 8vo. pp. 27. 
The first of these two works is by William H. Whitmore, A.M., to whom the 
Bostonian Society owes its existence and its name. Abel Bowen, the subject of this 
pamphlet, was an engraver with antiquarian tastes. He introduced the art of 
wood-engraving into Boston, and was also an engraver on copper. He did much 
during his residence in this city to preserve views of the public buildings here in his 
day, most of which have now been demolished. He projected and published Snow's 
History of Boston, and was himself the author of several books on Boston, of which 
the "Picture of Boston " and "New Guile to Boston and Vicinity" may be 
named. Mr. Whitmore gives an interesting biography of Bowen, which is illus- 
trated by some of his own engravings, printed from the original blocks and plates, 
with descriptive notices. The book is prepared in the thorough manner for which 
the author has deservedly a high reputation. 

The second pamphlet is an able eulogy, delivered before the Bostonian Society, 
on Gen. Samuel M. Quincy, the first secretary and treasurer of that Society, and 
the first president of the Boston Antiquarian Club, which was the nucleus of the 
Bostonian Society. Gen. Quincy was one of the ten charter members of the present 
Society, and the second of these members Avho have died, the Rev. Dor us Clarke, 
D.D., being the first. Mr. Bent, in his eulogy, pays a fitting tribute to the talents 
and virtues of Gen. Quincy, and narrates his services as an officer in the war for the 
preservation of the Union, as a member of the Boston bar, as a legislator, and as a 
private citizen. 

L' lntermediare des Chercheurs et Curieucc, Correspondance litleraire, Notes and 
Queries franqaise, Questions et Reponses, Lcttres et Documents inedils, Com- 
munications diverses. Paris : Lucien Faucou. Directeur, 13 Rue Cujas. New 
York : John Delay, 13 Union Square. 

The twentieth year of this bi-monthly has just closed ; but its duty is by no 
means completed. So long as questions in French literature, history or science 
need ready and prompt replies, the value of this serial will be felt. Every year it 
publishes an amount of not less than a thousand columns of interesting and curious 
information. Questions and answers are inserted upon all topics, without the least 
distinction of politics or religion. In the last number, we observe the statement 
that the patronymc, Pernell or Parnell, originally Flemish, has long since disap- 
peared from the continent, though surviving in England and Ireland, to-day. 

The moderate price of this magazine, sixteen francs for twenty-four numbers, 
brings it easily within the reach of all interested in its objects and aims. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

Christianity the Key to the Character of Washington. By Philip Slaughter, D.D., 

Historiographer of the Diocese of Virginia. New York : Thomas Whitaker, 

2 and 3 Bible House. 8vo. pp. 48. 1887. Third Edition. 
" The Culpeper Men ." Presentation of Flag, September 6th, 1887. By Rev. P. 

Slaughter, D.D. Culpeper, Va. : Exponent Print. 8vo. pp. 9. 1887. 

The first edition of the first of these pamphlets by Rev. Dr. Slaughter was noticed 
by us in April last. It is a discourse delivered before the ladies of the Mt. Vernon 
Association at Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Va., on the 30th of 
May, 1886. Concerning this work, the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop wrote to the 
author : " I have read it with satisfaction and delight. It confirms all my opinions 
of the character of Washington, and leaves no loop to hang a doubt upon that 
Christianity was the key to that character." We are glad to see a third edition of 
this discourse brought out in so handsome a form. 

The second pamphlet contains the address of Rev. Dr. Slaughter on presenting, 
in September last, a flag to the " Culpeper Minute Men," and the reply to him of 

118 Booh Notices* [Jan. 

Judge Bell in behalf of that company. The venerable Dr. Slaughter is a son of 
('apt. Philip Slaughter, one of the original Culpeper Minute Men formed in 1775, 
who did good .-crvice. ID the Revolutionary War. ('apt. Slaughter kept a journal, 
which unlortunately was lost from Dr. Slaughter's house during the late civil war. 
A duplicate of a few of the earlier pages iw, however, preserved, giving an account 
of the formation of the company and some of its service in the field. The Culpeper 
Minute Men were dissolved in 1770, and the soldiers were merged in the militia, 
where they showed their spirit as patriots and soldiers. Another company with the 
same name was organized eighty-four years later, July 4, lHfiO ; and in the late war 
they showed their bravery and their devotion to the cause they had espoused. Like 
its prototype this company had a brief separate existence. In 1879, however, a new 
company was formed, which still exists, and to this company the presentation was 
made. The addresses of Dr. Slaughter and Judge Bell are valuable additions to 
the military history of Virginia. 

The Curio, an Illustrated Magazine, devoted to Genealogy, Biography , Heraldry, 
Book-plates, Coins, Autographs, Rare Books, Works of Art, Old Furniture, 
Plate, and other Colonial Relics. New York : R. W. Wright, Publisher, 6 Astor 
Place. Royal 4to. Price six dollars per annum ; single copies 60 cents each. 
Vol. 1. No. 1. September, 1887. 

The advent of this magazine naturally attracts the attention of those interested in 
antiquarian subjects, which we are glad to say are occupying more and more the 
attention of the public. Besides the present interesting articles with its coterie of 
contributors, the future success of the undertaking will depend on the contributions 
from the most learned authorities, with whom we presume arrangements have al- 
ready been made. 

The present number is a large quarto size, of nice readable print, on good paper, 
containing forty-eight pages. The prospectus for the year is encouraging with its 
variety of subjects, which will naturally interest the specialist as well as the gene- 
ral reader. 

One of the first subjects under consideration is on American families of European 
descent. It would have been better to start alphabetically instead of beginning 
with the letter M, which is represented in this number by the Montgomeries. 

The next on the programme will be attractive to those interested in heraldry, viz. : 
the publication of a series of original documents emanating from Heralds' College, 
the Ulster and Lyon offices, as well as continental sources. 

The first contribution on Book-Plates and their Engravers appears in this num- 
ber. This article is, comparatively speaking, a fresh subject on this side of the 
Atlantic, and comes from the pen of the possessor of one of the best collections of 
American book-plates, who is known to the readers of the Register by his con- 
tribution of articles on the same subject to its pages. 

Reviews on rare old books can be made entertaining, and early publications on 
American subjects are scarce even here, but on general subjects the libraries of the 
old world could be searched to great advantage in the interest of this periodical. 

The first of the series of Studies of the Seals of our Royal Governors appears 
in this number, beginning with Petrus Stuyvesant and Thomas Dongan. 

Besides the subjects already enumerated, articles will appear on Colonial Cus- 
toms, Ancient and Modern Art, all attractive topics. These with the Notes and 
Query department (which has proved in other instances a valuable source for ac- 
quiring information) will make this periodical quite an addition to those already 
in the field, and we sincerely hope it will merit a good share of the attention of the 
reading world. 

{Since the above was written, three more numbers have been published, filled with 
a similar variety of attractive matter. 

By A. D. Weld French, Esq., of Boston. 

Life and Writings of Elisha North, M.I). By his grandson, II. Cakrington 

Bolton, Ph.D. Author's Edition. 1887. 8vo. 

This is a memoir read before the New London County Medieal Association, April 
7, 1887. It was printed in the third volume of the Transact ions of the Connecticut 
Medical Association, from which volume this reprint has been made. Dr. North 

was a physician of high standing in Connecticut, who was born at Goshen, Jan. 8, 
1771, and died Dec. 89, 1843. The pamphlet before us gives an interesting account 
of his life and Writings. 

1888.] Booh Notices. 119* 

He was one of the earliest physicians in this country to practise vaccination. 
His first patients were vaccinated in the summer of 1800, only a few weeks after 
Dr. Waterhouse, of Cambridge, had used vaccine matter, which he had received 
from England, on his children and others. Dr. North's experiment, with matter 
obtained in New Haven, was like that of Dr. Waterhouse, successful. He vaccin- 
ated three persons, two of whom were children. The children went through the 
regular process of vaccination, but the virus failed to infect the adult. 

It is claimed by Dr. North that he introduced " the kine pock for the first time 
into the city of New York. This was done," he says, "in April, 1801, by the 
agency of a Mr. Hunt. Mr. Hunt visited New York on his own business, while he 
had the kine pock in his arm, and that too in the right stage for taking matter. 
Mr. Hunt at my request called on Dr. Edward Miller, who vaccinated others from 
his arm. I vaccinated Mr. Hunt from the arm of a little girl." 

The Opening, the Use, and the Future of our Domain on this Continent. An Ad- 
dress delivered before the New York Historical Society on its Eighty Second Anni- 
versary, Tuesday, November 16, 1886. By George E. Ellis, D.D., LL.D., 
President of the Massachusetts Historical Society. New York : Printed for the 
Society. 1887. 8vo. pp. 34. 

This address is interesting and instructive. It is thoughtful, and has valuable 
comments and wise suggestions in regard to our future course as a nation. Dr. 
Ellis places much reliance on old maps and such fragments of information as his- 
tory has handed down to us. They are useful in showing the successive stages 
in our history. And here let us say, that we can hardly over-estimate the value 
of the work which our historical and antiquarian societies have done and are doing 
in preserving data for future use. The members of these societies have by patient 
and unremunerative toil done much during the last generation to preserve mat- 
ter that would otherwise have been lost or have become inaccessible. In our haste 
to bring about visible tangible results, we are apt to forget the rich heritage of the 
past. The present tendencies of thought are likely to prove misleading unless 
duly conditioned by the results arrived at by the great minds of those who have 
.gone before. 

Dr. Ellis, in treating the third and last point of his theme, says : " We have 
cast back a retrospect through nearly four hundred years. Dare we cast the horo- 
scope of four hundred years in prospect ? " Some say we must look to an ever 
growing, ever expanding science to make our foundations secure. This may be 
true, so long as science keeps within her proper sphere, but she can never take 
the place of the divine religion which is our most precious possession. True science 
reverently leads up from nature to nature's God, and is compatible with revealed 
religion, but there are many false sciences abroad to-day. Moral qualities, religious 
aspirations are far above the reach of any mere scientific test. Can we submit 
them to a chemical analysis? No, but we know that they are eternal verities. The 
sphere of science is in the material world of matter, not in the higher realm of 
the spirit. 

By the Rev. Daniel Rollins, of Pittsfield, N. H. 

A Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston, containing the Records 
of Boston Selectmen 1736 to 1742. Boston : Rockwell and Churchill, City 
Printers. 1886. 8vo. pp. 399. 

A Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston, containing the Boston 
Town Records 1758 to 1769. Boston : Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers, 
1886. 8vo. pp. 344. 

A Report of the Record Commissioners of the City of Boston, containing the Select 
men's Minutes from 1742-3 to 1753. Boston : Rockwell and Churchill, City 
Printers. 1887. 8vo. pp. 330. 

These volumes are the fifteenth, sixteenth and seventeenth reports of the Boston 
Record Commissioners. The previous volumes are. First Report, 1876, containing 
early tax lists and other matters ; Second Report, 1877, Boston Town Records, 1634 
to 1658, and the Boston Book of Possessions; Third Report, 1878, Charlestown Land 
Records, 1638 to 1802; Fourth Report, 1880, Records of Dorchester, 1632 to 1654; 
Fifth Report, 1880, N. I. Bowditch's Gleaner articles relating to the history of 
estates lying on or around Beacon Hill; Sixth Report, 1881, Roxbury Land and 
Church Records; Seventh Report, 1881, Boston Town Records, 1660 to 1701; 
Eighth Report, 1883, Boston Town Records, 1700 to 1728 ; Ninth Report, 1883, 

120 Bo '/• Notices. [Jan. 

ton Birth*, Bap [arriages and Deaths, 1630 to 1699; Tenth I: 

Miscellaneous Papers, including reprint* ol t Boston Directori 

I 1798; Eleventh Report, 1884 B icn 'a Records, 1701 to 1715; 

Twelfth Report, 1885, Boston Town !' 1729 to 1742; Thirteenth Report, 

1885, Boston Selectmen's Records, 1710 t i I*:: 1 ); Fourteenth Report, 1885; Boston 
Town Records, 1742 to 1757. 

It will be seen thai the Commissioners have now printed the entire town rec 
of Boston from 163*1 to 1769, and the Selectmen's records from l?t>l to 1753, 
other records ol the original town ol Boston and those which have been annexed I i 
it. Several of the early reports have been reprinted, but we think no material 
changes have been made in these reprints, except in those of the irth 

reports. The first part of the see md report was issued in 1881, and we know of no 
material changes in it. The reprint of the second part of the second report, nam< 
the Book of Possessions, issued contains h reduced c >py of the Plan of early 

Boston compiled by Mr. George Lamb, several year- ag ». and now in th 
of the Boston Public Library. The several sections of the map are also reproduced 
separately, ami are ace mapanied by illustrative notes by .Mr. Whitmore, the chair- 
liniii of the commission. The reprint, 1883, of the fourth report, th< *ofDor- 

chester, is from a carefully prepared copy by Mr. William JJ. Trask, and contains 
many and important corrections. 

The tenth report, though not issued till 1886, was authorized by the Aldermen uf 
Boston, October '2, 1882, and the stereotyping of the work was then commenced. 

Another valuable work, ol which a small edition was printed by the city under 
the supervision of Mr. Whitmore, was issued in September last. It is a fac-simile 
reprint of the volume of Massachusetts Colonial Laws, published in 1672, with all 
the known supplements to the year 1686. It is contemplated to reprint a fac-simile 
of the volume of 1660, with the Supplements to 1672. Of the first edition of the 
Laws, that of 1648, no copy is known to he in existence. 

We cannot appreciate too highly our indebtedness to the Commission. 

History of the Town of Med ford, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, from its First 

Settlement in 1630 to 1855. By Charles Brooks. Revised, Enlarged, and brought 

down to 1885. By James M. Usher. Boston: Hand, Avery & Company. :■ 

8vo. pp. 592. Cloth. Price $5. Address lion. James M. Usher, West Med- 

ford, Mass. 

This large and handsome volume adds another to the rapidly increasing number 
of excellent and reliable town histories. The work of Mr. Brooks, published in 

55, which had become very rare, has in this volume been greatly enlarged, brou<j 
down to the present time, and beautifully illustrated, resulting in a model hist 
of the town. 

A view of Medford Square forms the frontispiece, and an unusually large number 
of fine portraits and pictures ol public and private buildings enrich the pages. The 
ancient Cradock house, built in 1634, believed to he the oldest building standing in 
New England, and other historical structures, are included. The st >ry of the civil, 
religious and military life of old Medford is presented in a most attractive manner, 
and there are copious extracts from the records, especially those of the ear 
period. Medford was incorporated in 1630, and is therefore one of the most anci 
towns in Massachusetts, but unfortunately the town records for the first forty y. 
Were lost, and Mr. Brooks had to replace them as best lie could from the State 
archives, and other sources. 

Medford was the birth-place and home of the distinguished revolutionary i 
and patriot, John Brooks, who was first electe I Governor of the Commonwealth in 
1816, and served for seven years. The sketch of his life is accompanied by nui 
oils other lattices of prominent and respected citizens, who were natives or r< 
of the town. 

The natural history of the locality has its place in the volume, and the S icial 
and business organizations and enterprises occupy well assigned spice. 

The genealogies fill sisty-sii pages, and were prepared lor Mr. Brooks by William 
II. Whitmore, the well known and trusty genealogist. The b >ok i< printed in 
best manner, and Mr. Usher is entitled to the gratitude of nil persons nppr< 
New England for this history ol Medford, founded upon the valuable work of Mr. 
Bro iks, but containing a large amount ol original matter carefully prepared '>> Mr. 
Usher, and the whole faithfully edited by him. 

By George K. Clarke y LL.B., ofNeedham, 

1888.] Booh Notices. 121 

History of Methodism in Maine. 1793 — 1880. Published with the approval of the 
Maine and East Maine Conferences. By Rev. Stephen Allen, D.D., of Maine 
Conference, and Rev. W. H. Pilsbury, of East Maine Conference. Augusta: 
Press of Charles E. Nash. 1887. 8vo. pp. 650+282. 

The author of the first part of this volume truly remarks that " the advent of 
Methodism in Maine forms an important epoch in the religious history of the State." 
It is a little less than a hundred years ago that Rev. Jesse Lee of Virginia came 
here and preached the first Methodist sermon ever preached in Maine, and now this 
denomination is numerically much stronger than any other in the State, and has a 
corresponding influence in religious affairs. The volume before me, a thick octavo, 
opens with a brief account of the people of Maine, one hundred years ago, describes 
their character and condition with special reference to religious matters, gives an 
account of the planting of Methodism with interesting sketches of the early workers 
in this field — Lee, Wager, Hall, Mudge, Hull, Taylor, Soule and others, and then 
tells the whole story of the marvellous spread and subsequent growth of the de- 
nomination, bringing the history down to the present time. The first six hundred 
and fifty pages are devoted to the Maine Conference, which, down to 1847, included 
the entire State. Rev. Dr. Allen, the author of this portion of the work, graduated 
from Bowdoin College in 1835, and, as Principal of Maine Wesleyan Seminary, 
Financial Agent of Maine Wesleyan Board of Education, preacher and Presiding 
Elder, he has been closely identified with the denomination for nearly half a century. 
He is a ripe scholar, a ready and graceful writer, and has admirably accomplished 
the work upon which he has long been engaged. It is well arranged, properly in- 
dexed, and contains, in addition to the concise history of the Methodist denomination 
in Maine, biographical sketches of a large number of preachers, and is embellished 
with thirty-three portraits and views. 

The history of the East Maine Conference is arranged essentially after the same plan 
as the first part. It opens with a sketch of Early Methodism in that portion of the 
State now covered by the East Maine Conference, and embraces a history of that 
Conference to the present time. Its author, Rev. Wm. H. Pilsbury, was connected 
with the Maine Conference from 1834 to the time of the division in 1847, and since 
that time he has been identified with the East Maine. The two divisions of the work, 
taken as a whole, form a valuable addition to ecclesiastical history, and the volume 
is invaluable to the denomination in Maine. Its biographical sketches of early and 
late preachers are of especial value, and their compilation involved a large amount 
of pains-taking work. The mechanical part of the book, including printing by 
Chas. E. Nash, of Augusta, and binding by Ira Bradley & Co., of Boston, is every- 
thing that can be desired, though for convenience, two volumes where the work is 
so large and so easily divisible, might suit some readers better than one. 
By Wm. B. Lapham, M.D., of Augusta, Me. 

1645-1656. Portsmouth Records. A Transcript of the First Thirty-Five Pages of 
the Earliest Town Book, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. With Notes. By Frank 
W. Hackett. Portsmouth: Privately Printed. 1886. 8vo. pp. 76. 
The town books of Portsmouth, N. H., prior to 1833, Mr. Hackett informs us in 
the Introduction to this volume, are five in number. " The first," he says, " con- 
tains a record of town meetings and doings of the selectmen from 1652 (or earlier) 
to March, 1696 ; the second from 16 March, 1695, to* 13 April, 1779 : the third from 
29 June, 1779, to 27 April, 1807 ; the fourth from 4 May, 1807, to 26 March, 1821 ; 
and the fifth from 16 April, 1821, to March, 1833." 

In the volume before us Mr. Hackett has given the first 35 pages of the first book 
complete, with extracts from that and the second book. He has prefixed an able 
and interesting introduction, giving valuable information relative to the early history 
of Portsmouth, condition of the town records, and the dangers to which they have 
been exposed. An Appendix furnishes historical and explanatory annotations of the 
records. The following strange entry gives one reason why the records of Ports- 
mouth are so imperfect : 

11 January the 13th 1652. At the hous of geordge walton 

11 This night the select men examened the ould Town Booke and what was not 
aproved, was crossed out, and what was aproved, was left to bee Recorded in this 
Booke and to be conformed by the present select men. 

m " Signed by mr. Brian Pendleton henry, sherburn Renald. Fernald John. Pick- 
ringe James. Johnson." 

VOL. XLII. 12 

122 Book Notices. [Jan. 

On the above entry Mr. Hackett remarks: "This extraordinary performance 
appears not even to have had a vote of the inhabitants to justify it." Whether the 
old book was destroyed at the time does not clearly appear. It is certain however 
that it cannot now be found. 

We hope this publication will show the inhabitants of Portsmouth the value of 
their records, and induce them to preserve these records in print, at least the earlier 
portions. Portsmouth, one of the oldest and most historic of our New England towns, 
ought not to leave it to a single man to print her early records at his own cost. The 
city of Boston, and the towns of Brookline, Braintree and Dedham have set Ports- 
mouth examples in this respect that she will do well to follow. 

The Index Library : A series of Indexes and Calendars to British Records. Issued 
Monthly. Edited by W. P. W. Phillimore. M.A., B.C.L. Part I. Jan. 1888. 
8vo. pp. 48. London, C. I. Clark, 4 Lincolnshire Fields. Price 2s. Annual 
Subscription 1 guinea. 

One of the most valuable aids to the student of genealogy — and more especially 
Anglo-American — is to be found in Mr. W. P. W. Phillimore's " Index Library," 
a work which clears away the difficulty of finding reliable clues, in the public records, 
to missing links during the eventful period of the seventeenth century, when so 
many members of British families left their native country, to seek fortune else- 

From my own experience of laborious research, amongst the public archives, and 
private muniments in the compilation of " Monumental Inscriptions of the British 
West Indies," " An Account of the Surname Edgar," " Memorials of Families of 
the Surname Archer," and " A Plea for Heraldry in the New World," I may fairly 
claim to be in a position to say, how much Antiquarian labour. may be lightened by 
such a vade mecum as this " Index Library " affords — and, more especially, as re- 
gards such " Mines of information," as the "Chancery Proceedings," " Close rolls," 
" Star Chamber records," Wills, Marriages, Licences, etc. 

With such a vast accumulation of references, as Mr. Phillimore proposes to give, 
there should be no insuperable obstacle to the writing of any reliable family history 
even where the family itself has not been prominent in its country's annals — nor 
need a family be prominent to make such a task interesting, where the motive is as 
much that of the Ethnologist as of the more restricted Herald. 

The Index Library is published monthly, at what must be called a moderate price, 
for no less than 70,000 references are promised in the course of the year, for, what is 
practically a nominal sum. The first part, which is now before us, contains the 
initial portion of the "Chancery Proceedings of Charles I.;" "Signet Index" 
from 1584 (forming a key to the Patent Rolls), and, lastly, " The Royalist Com- 
position Papers; " while, in the February part, we are promised the first instalment 
of the Wills of Northamptonshire and Rutland, the district with which the families 
of Washington and Garfield were connected. Though this alone means much, the 
editor promises still more if the enterprise meets with only adequate support. 

The undertaking practically brings the contents of the various record depositories 
within the reach of the general public. 

The work is clearly printed, with, at the same time, the utmost economy of 
space — points which are of the highest importance in a work meant for frequent 

The work is certainly, at least, of equal value to Americans as to Englishmen, and 
every student of family history must cordially wish it success. 

By Major J. H. Lawrence- Archer , London, Eng., Hon. Sec'y Royal Oriental Order. 

York Deeds. Book 1. Portland : John T. Hull. 1887. 8vo. pp. 76+409+- 160. 

Price $5. 

Down to A.D. 1760, the county of York included the entire district of Maine, and 
all its deeds and many of its other legal documents are embraced in the York County 
Records. The volumes containing them are kept at the Register of Deeds office in 
Alfred, and are much worn, the writing is much faded and difficult to decipher. 
The importance of preserving these valuable records by having them carefully copied 
and printed, has long been realized, and the subject has several times been called to 
the attention of the Maine Legislature. In March, 1883, mainly through the instru- 
mentality of Mr. John T. Hull, of Portland, aided by a committee of the Maine 
Historical Society, the Legislature passed a resolve in favor of the publication of the 
early records of the State in the registry of deeds for the County of York, placing 
the matter in charge of the Maine Historical Society. The Society, through its 

1888.] Booh Notices. 123 

Standing Committee, immediately assigned all the rights conferred by the resolve to 
Mr. John T. Hull, reserving only the right to superintend the copying and printing 
of the records. Mr. Hull subsequently assigned his interest to Messrs. Brown 
Thurston & Co., of Portland, who are the real publishers and responsible parties in 
the transaction. 

To represent the Maine Historical Society, the Standing Committee appointed 
Mr. Hobart TV. Richardson, of Portland, a gentleman of education and culture, an 
editor and publisher by profession and well versed in the early history of the State. 
The preface and introduction to this volume, written by Mr. Richardson, amply 
justify the choice made by the Committee for this difficult and responsible duty. 
The Committee also authorized the employment of Mr. Wm. M. Sargent, of Portland, 
a lawyer and conveyancer by profession, a careful and painstaking student of local 
history, and familiar with the chirography of the early recorders, to prepare the 
copies for printing, from the old and time-stained volumes in the archives of York. 
The first volume of the series is the one before me, and it more than fills my expec- 
tations and hopes. The work is admirably done in every respect. The preface and 
introduction occupy the first seventy-four pages. Then follows the certificate of ac- 
curacy from Justin M. Leavitt, Esq., the present Register of Deeds for York 
County. One page of errata comes next, followed by Part First of York Deeds. 
The plan of the Suffolk Deeds, which the Resolve of the Legislature established as a 
model, has mainly been followed. The index of grantors and grantees, as well as 
the general index, are all complete. Nice new type cast for the purpose has been 
used, and the volume is a model of typographical neatness, and handsomely and 
substantially bound. By act of the Legislature, these records, when properly cer- 
tified and printed, are to be admitted as evidence in all the courts of the State of 
Maine, and as most of the titles to real estate are based upon the early York deeds, 
it will be a great convenience to parties in interest. The remaining three volumes 
are well in hand and will be issued in due time. 

By Wm. B. Lapham, M.D., of Augusta, Me. 

A Collection of New Hampshire Registers, iviih Note and Comment thereon. By 

Joseph A. Stickney. Great Falls, N. H. : Fred. L. Shapleigh, Book and Job 

Printer. 1887. 18mo. pp. 37. 

The present volume is a valuable addition to the bibliography of New Hampshire. 
Mr. Stickney, of Great Falls, has long been known as a collector of New Hamp- 
shire Registers, and the possessor of original editions of some of the rarest volumes. 
He has here preserved the titles of all the Registers known to have been printed, — 
and it is not probable that any have been printed which are not extant, — and has 
added to them bibliographical descriptions and annotations derived from a personal 
inspection of the books themselves. He has been careful to give precise informa- 
tion, and must have spent a great deal of time in compiling this book. Besides a 
list of the New Hamphire Registers, he furnishes a list of Registers published out 
of the State, which contain statistics of New Hampshire, the earliest being Mein 
and Fleeming's Register for 1768. 

The earliest New Hampshire Register is that for 1772. Four copies of the 
original edition of this Register are extant, one of them being owned by Mr. Stickney 
and another by the Hon. John Wentworth of Chicago. It has been reprinted. 
Ten other Registers were published in the eighteenth century, namely, 1787, 1788, 
1789, 1794, 1795, 1790, 1797 (two Registers, one printed at Dover and the other at 
Exeter), 1798 and 1800. Since then one Register has appeared every year and 
sometimes two. It will be remembered that the Hon. John Wentworth, in 1884, 
presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society a set of this work, 
elegantly bound, containing a Register for every year to that time. — (See Register, 
xxxix. 131.) 

Maine Wills. 1040-1700. Edited with Notes by William M. Sargent, A.M., of 
the Cumberland Bar. Portland: Brown Thurston & Co. 1887. 8vo. pp. xii. 
+953. Price $5. 

This volume of 950 octavo pages does great credit to Mr. Sargent's enterprise and 
diligence, and is a noticeable evidence of that taste for historical study which has 
been growing of late throughout the country. This book, so ably edited, will be 
valuable to all historical students for reference, and it should find a place in every 
student's and collector's library ; nor will it be found uninteresting to persons not 
students, but who have a fancy for " quaint and forgotten lore." For in this book 

124 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

of Wills may be found scores of scraps which read strangely in our brighter and freer 
day. Often extremely pathetic are some of these items, and they reveal a great deal 
of the domestic life of the times in which they were penned, as the last words of 
departing men. 

The book is noticeably low in price for one so voluminous, and one can hardly 
understand how it can be afforded for the sum asked. 

By James Phinney Baxter, A.M., of Portland, Me. 

Massachusetts Agricultural College. Addresses delivered at the Massachusetts Agri- 
cultural College. June 21, 1887, on the 25th Anniversary of the Passage of the 
Morrill Land Grant Act. Amherst, Mass. 

This pamphlet contains three addresses, delivered last summer at the Agricultural 
College in Amherst, Mass. The first, a '• Memorial Address," is by Charles Ken- 
dall Adams, LL.D. ; the second address is by Hon. Justin S. Morrill, president of 
Cornell University; and the last, an " Historical Address,- ' is by the Hon. Charles G. 
Davis. They commemorate the passage by Congress of the Land Grant Act, June 
19, 1862, of which act, Hon. Justin S. Morrill, who was present on this occasion 
and delivered one of the addresses, Was the author. The act, which was signed by 
President Lincoln, July 2, 1862, led to the formation of agricultural colleges in 
Massachusetts and several other States of the Union. The late Hon. Marshall P. 
Wilder, in an address before the Norfolk Agricultural Society, Feb. 7, 1849. 
broached the idea of an agricultural college, and persistently advocated it on every 
proper occasion, till on the 29th of April, 1862, he had the satisfaction of seeing an 
act for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Agricultural College signed by Gov. 
Andrew, with his own name at the head of the corporators. 

_ These addresses give a history of the efforts to improve agriculture, and par- 
ticularly of the Morrill Land Grant Act and the establishment of the Agricultural 
College in this State. 

La Casa Gravina cenno e tavolo genealogiche. Per Vincenzo Palizzolo Gravina, 
Barone di Ramione, Gran Croce e Cavaliere di piu ordini, Censore e Consultore 
della R. Accademia Araldica Italiana, Corrispondente della Consulta Araldica 
d'ltalia, del Collegio Araldico di Francia, delle Societa Araldiche dei Paesi Bassi, 
Socio e Presidente Onorario di molte insigni Accademie Scientifiche e Letterarie 
&c. &c. Palermo : Typographia dell' Armonia. 1887. Paper. 32 pp. folio, 
Super Royal. 

These handsomely printed sheets place on record, in convenient form, the line of 
descent of the noble house of Gravina, in Naples and other parts of Italy, through 
nine principal branches, from its founder, a kinsman and companion of the sons of 
Tancred d'Hauteville. The tables are preceded by an able and comprehensive mono- 
graph, from the learned editor, upon the history and achieved honors of his family. 
The work is accompanied and illustrated by a blazon of the arms of Gravina, 
handsomely lithographed in colors by Cinqueman, of Palermo. The elegance of 
the paper, the style of the printing and the amplitude of the page render this 
brochure worthy the commendation of the finest taste and the most cultivated un- 

By George A. Gordon, A.M., Somerville, Mass. 

Proceedings at the Celebration of the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the 
Incorporation of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts, September 21, 1886. Cam- 
bridge : University Press. 1887. 8vo. pp. 214. 

As we examine this volume we are impressed with the care and accuracy with 
which it has been prepared, and we think it would be extremely difficult to collect 
a more perfect and detailed account of any event than the story of this celebration 
as toM in the handsome publication before us. Dedham is the mother of many 
thriving towns, whose citizens gladly joined in the observance of her birth-day, and 
the presence of the governor of the commonwealth and many distinguished men, 
together with military and other organizations from various places, all combined to 
make that beautiful autumn day memorable in the annals of Norfolk County. 

The book contains an excellent description of the procession in the morning, and 
careful reports of the exercises and speeches at the church in the middle of the day, 
and at the grand dinner in a large tent on Richards Field in the afternoon. The 
historical address of Erastus Worthington, Esq., at the church, is interesting and 
valuable, and the report of the committee on Historic Tablets and Monuments is 
rich in important antiquarian matter. 

1888.] Booh Notices, 125 

At a town meeting held April 4, 1887, a committee was appointed, and money 
appropriated, to print these proceedings, and later Messrs. Henry 0. Hildreth and 
Winslow Warren were chosen a sub-committee to prepare and print this volume, 
which reflects the greatest credit upon them and upon all the citizens of the old 
town of Dedham, a town which in age and historic associations has but few equals 
in New England. 

The frontispiece is a photograph of the first page of the covenant adopted at the 
first recorded meeting of the Dedham Proprietors, August 18, 1636, and illustrates 
the curious hand-writing of Edward Alleyn, the first town clerk of Dedham. 

By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Needham, Mass. 

The East Anglian, or Notes and Queries on Subjects connected with the Counties of 
Suffolk, Cambridge, Essex and Norfolk. Issued Monthly. Edited by the Rev. 
0. H. Evelyn White, F.S.A., F. R. Hist. S., Vicar of Christ Church, Chesham, 
Bucks. Ipswich : Pawsey and Hayes, The Ancient House, New iSeries, Vol. II., 
December, 1887. Part XXXVI. 8vo. Annual Subscription, payable in advance, 
5 shillings, post free. 

In January, 1885, the Rev. Mr. White, then of Ipswich, in Suffolk, England, 
commenced the publication of a monthly periodical, devoted to historical, antiquarian 
and genealogical matters relating to the four eastern counties — Suffolk, Cambridge, 
Essex and Norfolk. A similar periodical under the title of the East Anglian was 
commenced in January, 1859, more than a quarter of a century previous, by the late 
Samuel Tymms of Lowestoft, and subsequently of Bury St. Edmunds. Mr. White 
decided to give his work the same title and to make it a second series of that work. 
One volume of twenty-four parts of this second series has been completed, and the 
number before us is the twelfth part of a second volume. 

The work is ably edited and contains a great variety of historical, antiquarian 
and genealogical matter which will interest American as well as English readers. 
The four English counties to which the East Anglian is devoted have a particular 
interest for the people of New England, as many of our settlers came from that region. 

After Fifty Years. Semi- Centennial of the Oxford, Democrat. History of the 
Paper from the First Issue, with Sketches of its Editors, Publishers, etc. By 
Wm. B. Lapham, M.D. Paris, Maine : Printed at the Oxford Democrat Office. 
1886. 12mo. pp. 35. 

Dr. Lapham, of Augusta, Me., the author of this pamphlet, is a native of Paris, 
Me., where the Oxford Democrat is printed, and besides is the author of an ex- 
cellent history of that town. This history of a country newspaper for half a cen- 
tury preserves much of the political and social history of that section of the State 
of Maine, and the biography of many of its prominent citizens, some of whom 
have made a record in the affairs of the State and nation. 

The Archives of Andover. By the Rev. 0. Collier, M.A., F.S.A., and the Rev. 
R. II . Clutterbuck. Part 1. Andover : J. C. Holmes. 8vo. pp. 20. 

The records of the town of Andover, England, date back to a very early period, 
and are unusually numerous and of the highest genealogical value. Amongst them 
may be mentioned the " maneloquium " books, being minutes of the meetings " mor- 
oghespeeke " of the early town council and also the guild rolls on which are entered 
the admissions of the freemen from the thirteenth century. An effort is now being 
made to render them generally accessible by means of the printing press, in which 
good object the editors are seconded by the liberality of Henry Harnmans, Esq., a 
gentleman who is resident in the neighborhood of Andover. The present instal- 
ment consists of a fragment of the early church wardens' accounts, found amongst 
the town records. It covers the years 1470-73. The name " church wardens ac- 
counts " sufficiently indicates its nature, which from its early date is of considera- 
ble interest. It is well printed, the transcript has been carefully made, and there 
is a good descriptive introduction. We think, however, that it would be better to 
indicate gaps in the manuscript by brackets rather than by blanks. 

We trust that sufficient encouragement on both sides of the Atlantic will be forth- 
coming to go on with the work, which is one that Americans will appreciate, for 
the town of Andover sent a large number of early settlers to its American name- 
sake in Massachusetts. 

By W. P. W. Fillimore, M.A., B.C.L., of London, England. 

VOL. xlii. 12* 

126 Boole Notices. [Jan. 

Bibliography of Manchester, N. H. A Collection of Books, Pamphlets and Maga- 
zines from 1748/0 1885 — One Hundred and Forty-Two Years. Second Edition, 
with Additions. Preserved by S. C. Gould, Cor. Sec. N. H. Press Association. 
Part I. Manchester, N. H. : S. C. & L. M. Gould, Publishers. 1885. 8yo. 
pp. 60. 

We have for many years known Mr. Gould as a zealous collector of books relating 
to New Hampshire, and particularly to Manchester in that state. The present 
pamphlet gives the titles of his remarkable collection relating to Manchester, num- 
bering over 1650 works, which he has been more than twenty years in gathering. 

The catalogue was made for Mr. Gould by Mr. John W. Moore, a veteran print- 
er, publisher and editor. It comprises the book and pamphlet literature of Man- 
chester, including some of the leading magazines and other serials. " It contains 
the published literary efforts of former and present residents, whether native or 
temporary, whether published during or prior to their residence here or subsequent 
to their departure ; also all works published by or relating to the city. The cata- 
logue also includes more or less literature relating to Bedford ; together with some 
works relating to Londonderry and Derry, of which towns Manchester was formerly 
a part." 

Mr*! Gould's collection should find a place in the Public Library of Manchester, 
so that li may not be dispersed at his death. We know of only one other person 
who has madj a collection of the literature of the town he resides in, and that is 
Mr. James F. Hunnewell, whose Bibliography of Charlestown was noticed by us 
in January, 1882. The examples of Messrs. Hunnewell and Gould should incite 
others to do a similar work for their own towns ; and we would particularly recom- 
mend to the librarians of our many New England town libraries, to make such a 
collection and appropriate an alcove or two to it. 

In Memory of John B. Moreau. 16mo. pp. 12. 

Biographical Sketch of John Bostwick Moreau, Esq., the Originator of " The Brad- 
ford Club.''' 1 By John Ward Dean. 8vo. pp. 4. 

The first title is that of an interesting biographical sketch of Mr. Moreau of New 
York city, by his friend Benson J. Lossing, LL.D., the well-known author. The 
sketch was prepared for the New York Historical Society, of which Mr. Moreau 
was an active and efficient member. It is here prefaced by the action of the society, 
May 4, 1886, on the reception of this memorial notice. Mr. Moreau collected and 
.edited for the Bradford Club, an association which was organized by him, the fa- 
mous Croaker poems which Halleck and his friend Drake contributed to the Eve- 
ning Post and other New York newspapers in the early part of this century. He 
also compiled two Shakspeare calendars illustrating events in New York history, 
which was noticed by us in July, 1882. 

The second pamphlet is a reprint from the Register. 

A History of the Clapboard Trees or Third Parish, Dedham, Mass., now the Uni- 
tarian Parish, West Dedham. 1736 — 1886. By George Willis Cooke, recently 
Minister of the Parish. Boston: Geo. H. Ellis. 1887. 8vo. pp. 139. Price $1. 

This is a remarkably well written history of this parish, and contains much that 
is of more than local interest and value. The portraits, maps, and other illustra- 
tions add greatly to it, and the volume presents an attractive appearance. Rev. Mr. 
Cooke has gathered many facts about the old ministers and the old days, and as is 
the case elsewhere, the earlier history of a parish is that of the portion of the town 
which it comprises. 

We are seldom called upon to notice a book of this size that is more worthy of 
commendation, for it is both entertaining and valuable. It is printed in the best 

By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Needham, Mass. 

Boston Directory, containing the City Record, a Directory of the Citizens, Business 
Directory and a Street Directory. No. LXXXI1I. For the Year commencing 
July 1, 1887. Boston: Sampson, Murdock & Company. 8vo. pp. 1848. Price $5. 
The Boston Directory is the best city directory that we have met with. In our 
notices of the work in former years we have pointed out some of its various excel- 
lencies. The present Directory contains the names of 184,517 persons, and the 
changes since the last volume number 137,560. 

1888.] Booh Notices. 127. 

Washington as an Angler. With Extracts from his Diaries. 1787-89. By 
George H. Moore, Member of the Ammauskeag Fishing Club. New York: 
Printed for the Author. 1887. Sm. 4to. pp. 14. 

" Mr. Sparks, in his life of Washington, has mentioned," says the author of this 
brochure, "the report of a tradition that he displayed in his boyhood a passion 
for active sports and a fondness for athletic amusements, which he did not relinquish 
in mature life. Other writers have repeated this general statement, but no one has 
pointed out his claim to be recognized as a * Brother of the Angle.' Among his 
manuscripts hitherto unpublished, he has left a very interesting record of his recre- 
ations at a period of his life when he was engaged in a service hardly less impor- 
tant to his country than that of his military career." One of Gen. Washington's 
recreations, Dr. Moore shows, was fishing, and he quotes as proof the General's 
diary, in which accounts of fishing parties are entered. Pleasant remarks on these 
parties and on Washington's companions of the rod are added. 

The book is dedicated to President Cleveland, who, as is well known, has shown 
his skill as an angler, and who no doubt will be gratified in finding that the first 
occupant of the United States Presidential chair, like the present, was an Angler. 
" No good fisherman," says Dr. Moore, " was ever a bad man, and history will bear 
out the assertion that the best Presidents have been the best fishermen." 

The Registers of the Parish of Wandworth in the County of Surrey. (1603 — 1787.) 
Part 1. Marriages, 1603-1787. Baptisms, 1603-1675. Transcribed by John 
Traviss Squire, a Member of the Harleian Society. Lymington : R. E. & C. T. 
King. 1887. Super Royal 8vo. pp. 96. To be published in 4 parts at 5 shil- 
lings a part, or in one volume price a guinea. Subscriptions received by Mr. 
Squire, 33 Birdhurst Road, Wandsworth, Surrey, England. 

In our number for January, 1887, we announced this work as in preparation, and 
gave some particulars concerning the proposed publication. We have now the first 
part of the work before us, handsomely printed on fine paper, uniform in size and 
style with the Publications of the Harleian Society. As we have already stated, 
there are numerous entries relative to Huguenot families. The Register contains 
many surnames which are found in New England. We commend the work to our 

The Genealogist. Washington, D. C. : N. L. Collamer. 1887. Square 16mo. 
pp. 8 in each number. Published monthly at 2405 Pennsylvania Avenue. Price 
25 cents a year, or 5 cents a number. 

Mr. Collamer is both editor and publisher of this magazine, the first number of 
which appeared last September. It is issued in the interests of the science of gen- 
ealogy, and is filled with interesting matter. Mr. Collamer is engaged on a geneal- 
ogy of his family, and has commenced this periodical to assist himself and others 
in their researches. 

Pedigree of the Family of Biscoe. By John Challenor Covington Smith, Corres- 
ponding Member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society and of Essex 
Archaeological Society. London: Mitchell and Hughes, 140 Wardour St. W. 
1887. Quarto, pp. 23. 

The Genealogy and History of the Guild, Guile, and Gile Family. By Charles 
Burleigh, Portland, Me. : Brown Thurston & Company. 1887. 8vo. pp. 381. 
With Index. Price $5. 

Early Genealogies of the Cole Families of America {including Coles and Cowles). 
By Frank T. Cole. Columbus, O. 1887. 8vo. pp. xxxii.+308. With Index. 

Genealogy of the Denny Family in England and America, Descendants of John Den- 
ny of Combs, Suffolk, England, in 1439. Leicester, Mass. : Compiled and Pub- 
lished by C. 0. Denny. 1886. 8vo. pp. 267. With index. Price $2 ; includ- 
ing postage, $2.25. 

American Ancestry. By Thomas P. Hughes. Vol. I. The City of Albany, State 

of New York. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell's Sons. 1887. Royal 8vo. pp. v. 

+100. Price $2.50 (morocco, $3.50). 
Chronicles of the Plumsted Family. With some Family Letters. Compiled and 

Arranged, with Notes, by Eugene Devereux. Philadelphia. 1887. Royal 

8vo. pp. 168. 

Handbook of Hartwell Genealogy. 1636 — 1887. By L. W. Densmore. Boston : 
Press of Geo. E. Crosby & Co. 1887. 8vo. pp. 195. 

128 Booh Notices. [Jan. 

The Descendants of Veach Williams of Lebanon, Conn.; also the Ancestry of Lucy 
Walworth, wife of Veach Williams. By ALEXANDER HAMILTON WRIGHT. New 
Haven : Tattle, Morehouse & Taylor. 18H7. 8vo. pp. 128+354-24. With 
Index. Price $3, to be obtained of the Publishers. 

Genealogical Record of the Descendants of the Srhwcnkenfelders, who arrived in Penn- 
sylvania in 1733, 1731, 1736, 1737. From the German of the Rev. Bullhasar 
II <hn> r, and from other Sources. By the Rev. REUBEN Kriehel. With an His- 
torical Sketch by C. Heydrick. Manayunk : Josephus Yeakel, Printer. 1879. 
8vo. pp. xxxii.+339. 

Sketch of the Eliot Family. By Walter GrjEme Eliot. New York : Press of Liv- 
ingston Middleditch. 1887. Pp. 157. With Index. 

A Short Account of the Winthrop Family. Privately Printed for Convenient Ref- 
erence. Cambridge: John Wilson &iSon. 1887. 4to. pp. 16. 

New England Ancestors of Katharine- Brattle and William-Cary Harris. Printed 
for Private Circulation. 1887. 4to. pp. 32. 

The Rutgers Family of New York. By Ernest U. Crosby. New York : Trow's 
Printing and Book-Binding Co. 1886. Royal 8vo. pp. 14. 

Notes on the Rodman Genealogy. By William Woodbridge Rodman. New Ha- 
ven, Connecticut : Printed for the Author. 1887. 8vo. pp. 27. 

Butler Genealogy. Dedication of a Monument to Deacon John Butler, First Settler 
of Pel ham, at Pelham, N. Ft., June 9, 1886. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell's 
Sons, Publishers. 1887. 8vo. pp. 36. 

Biographical Sketch of John G. Deane and Brief Mention of his Connection with 
the Northeastern Boundary of Maine : also Memoranda about Members of the 
Family. Prepared by, and printed for, his son Llewellyn Deane. Washing- 
ton, D. C. : R. Beresford, Printer. 1887. 8vo. pp. 70. 

Col. Paul Dudley Sargent of Sullivan, Maine. Bangor : From the Press of Benj. 
A. Burr. 1887. 8vo. pp. 8. 

Report of the Bigelow Family Reunion at Lincoln Park, Worcester, Mass., Thurs- 
day, June 2, 1887. By Gilman Bigelow Howe. Buffalo : Bigelow Brothers. 
1887. 8vo. pp. 46. 

Genealogical Record. Gales. Post4to. pp. 4. 

The Savery Families of America (Savory and Savary) . By A. W. Savary, M.A., 
Judge of the County Court, Digby, N. S. Boston : Press of David Clapp & Son. 
1887\ 8vo. pp. 20. 

'I he Littleton Family of Virginia. 8vo. pp. 7. 

The Genealogy of Robert Ware oj Dedham, Mass. Additions and Corrections. By 
Mist* Emma F. Ware, of Milton, Mass. 8vo. pp. 9 (39 to 47). 

The Odlin Family. By John Taylor Perry, A.M., of Exeter, N. H. 8vo. 1 page. 

We continue in this number our quarterly notices of recent genealogical publi- 

The lirst book on our list, Mr. Smith's work on the Biscoe family, is the result 
of great research on the part of the author. The family is traced to Edward Bis- 
coe of Little Missenden, who died in 1563, though the first known use of arms in 
the' family does not occur till 1687. Mr. Smith, in addition to tracing the pedigrees 
of the various individuals, has been able to give the precise dates of baptism, mar- 
riage and death in a large number of cases. Any one who has found by experience 

Mass., who was here as eariy as iota, out noi long alter returned to ins n 
country- A large number of descendants in New England bear other names. 
was a son of Edward and Agnes (Taylor) Biscoe of Agmondesham, Bucks, and a 
descendant in the fourth generation from Edward 1 Biscoe, through John- and Ed- 
ward, 3 his hither. Appendices give the connection of the Biscocs with the Randall 
and Blake families. Mr. Smith's position as superintendent of the Literary Depart- 
he Probate Registry at Somerset Bouse, London, his large fund oi' genetv 

llH'Ilt ()[ tl)<5 iu Ul nvv n — j -- ~ -- j 

logical information and his acquaintance with a wide circle ol antiquaries and gen 

ealOffUtS, who have been ready to aid their friend, has enabled him to compile a WOT 1 
that may be called exhaustive. The book is printed in a superior manner, and d' 


188S.] Booh Notices. ±*o 

Boendants of the family and others interested in genealogical matters will do well 

to secure a copy of the work. Only a small edition was printed. It may be pur- 
chased of Messrs. Mitchell & Hughes. 

The next work on our list is Mr. Burleigh's book on the Guild family. It con- 
tains some account of that family in England, and full genealogies of the descend- 
ants of John Guild, an early settler of Dedham, Mass., and of his brother Samuel 
Gnild of Haverhill in the same colony. Of the former the records of 2278 individ- 
uals are given, and of the latter 1 113 individuals ; besides records of other persons 
who have not been connected with either family. No adequate genealogy of the 
Guilds has before this been published, and we congratulate the family on the issue 
of so satisfactory a work. It has been thoroughly prepared and clearly arranged on 
the Goodwin plan with Mr. Vinton's improvements. The book is handsomely print- 
ed, and is illustrated with a number of portraits. 

The Cole book icives " some account of the descendants of James Cole of Hart- 
ford, Conn., 1635-1652, and of Thomas Cole of Salem, Mass., 1619-1072,'" besides 
irds of other families who settled in this country. Much time must have been 
it in the collection of materials for this large and handsome volume. The gen- 
ealogy is arranged according to the Register plan, and is a good specimen of the 
plan. It is well printed, and is illustrated with fourteen fine portraits, most of 
them on Bteel. The author, Mr. Cole, of Columbus, ()., dedicates the work to his 
father, Capt. Theodore Cole, under whose encouragement he began the work, and 
in whose memory he finished it. We note one commendable feature in the index. 
The page where the fullest account of a person is found, is printed in heavier type. 
This saves much time to those who use the book. 

The volume on the Denny family, by C. C. Denny, Esq., of Leicester, Mass., is a 
very interesting volume. It gives a narrative account of the Denny family of Combs 
from the year 1139 to the settlement of a branch of it in this country early in the 
last century, witli appendices of wills, deeds and other documents. Then follow 
some inter, -ting letters from Mrs. Grace Denny of the county of Suffolk, England, 
to her son Daniel Denny, of Leicester, Mass. She was the mother of Mrs. Deborah 
Prince, wife of Rev. Thomas Prince, the New England antiquary. The remainder 
of the book is devoted to the genealogy proper and the index. The genealogy bears 
evidence of great research, is well arranged and printed in clear, legible type. The 
■' ridants of the New England Dennys are not confined to the name, but are 
traced in all their branches. 

The volume of " American Ancestry " before us, is the first of a scries of vol- 
umes to be issued by Messrs. Joel Munsell's Sons, giving the name and descent in the 
male line of Americans whose ancestors arrived in this country previous to the 
Declaration of Independence in 1776, together with facts of public interest, such as 
public service and literary and scientific attainments. The present volume is de- 
voted to citizens of Albany, N. Y. It furnishes a useful record of the ancestry of 
prominent residents of that city. 

Mr. Devereux's book on the Plumstcd family is " carefully compiled from nu- 
merous manuscripts and family records." The author believes it to be " complete 
as far as it relates to the family after its settlement in Pennsylvania." He tells us 
that the family letters have been copied from the originals in the possession of 
- Rebecca Plumsted BartOD and Mr. Alfred Devereux. The letters are tho- 
roughly annotated by the author of the book. Besides an account of the American 
family, interesting matter will be found here concerning the name in England. 
The book is a bands >me specimen of typography. 

Mr. Densmore*8 b >ok on the Hartwells contains an account of the descendants of 
William Hartwell of Concord, Mass., and the following allied families : Bellows, 
Cummings, Gibson, Hill, Johnson, Jones, Kendall, Lakin, Luce, Melvm, Russell, 
Stiles. Stow, Tucker, Wood, Winehell, Williams and many others. Mr. Dens- 
more has been unremitting in his efforts for the last three years to Collect materials 
f r this work, in which he ha- been very BUCCessful. He intends at ;i future time 

to prepare a fuller genealogy of the family, with more details relative to the indi- 
viduals. " One ofthe controlling reasons," he says, ''for the publication in this 
form at the present time i< to afford a chance for rigid inspection by parties inter- 
discover possible erron of date or fact. 
The bowk on the Williams and Walworth families, by Mr. Wright of New York 
city, evidently i, the author much time and labor. Mr. Veacb Williams of 

inon was "a descendant in the fifth generation from Robert Williams of El 
bury, who came from England in 1637, and settled in Roxbury, Ma 
TER, xxxiv. 69). Veach Williams of Lebanon was born in 17-J7, and was an officer 


Boole Notices, [Jan. 

in the revolutionary war. Ilia wife Lucy was a daughter of William Walsworth 
of Groton, by his wife Mary Avery, whose ancestry is here traced to Lady Susan, 
wife of John Humphrey and daughter of Thomas, third earl of Lincoln, and through 
him to the kings of England. 

The book on the Schweokenfelder family is a very thoroughly prepared work, and 
does credit to the compiler and the committee under whose charge it was prepared. 
The historical sketch by 0. Ileydrick, Esq., of Franklin, Pa., gives a faithful ac- 
count of Caspar Schwenkfeld, a Silesian nobleman, and bis followers. It is inti- 
mated that a larger work is in preparation. 

Mr. Eliot's book on the Eliot family is devoted to the descendant of Andrew 
Eliott, who settled in Beverly, Mass., as early as 1070. He was baptized at East 
Coker, Somersetshire, England, in 1627, and resided there as late as 1068. The 
author traces him to Thomas 1 Eliot of East Coker, from whom the descent is 
through Henry, 2 AVilliam 3 and William, 4 his father. The book is well compiled 
and handsomely printed. It is illustrated with fine portraits, in groups and singly, 
and a folding chart of the family. Among the descendants of this family are Rev. 
John Eliot, one of the founders of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Rev. "Wil- 
liam G. Eliot of St. Louis, Mo., Hon. Thomas D. Eliot of New Bedford, Mass., and 
Charles W. Eliot, LL.D., president of Harvard University. No connection has 
been traced between this family and that of Rev. John Eliot, the Apostle to the 

The account of the Winthrop family is by Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., Esq. It gives 
a full record of the family in England, beginning with Adam Winthrop, who was 
living at Lavenham in Suffolk in 1498, and who was the great-grandfather of Gov. 
John Winthrop of the Massachusetts Colony. The descendants of Gov. Winthrop 
are traced in one line to Hon. Thomas Lindall "Winthrop, lieutenant governor of 
Massachusetts and president of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Lieut. -Gov. 
Winthrop was the father of Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, LL.D., who has been speak- 
er of the United States House of Representatives and president of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. His son is the author of this work. So full an account as 
this of a family which has been so prominent in our history, is a welcome addition 
to our genealogical literature. 

The pamphlet on the ancestors of Katharine B. and William C. Harris, is by their 
father Mr. Edward Doubleday Harris, of New York city. It carries their ancestry 
back in some lines to the ninth generation. Appended are sketches of the descend- 
ants of Thaddeus Mason and Mary (Dix) Harris, Amos and Jerusha (Robinson) 
Holbrook, Eli and Hannah (Streeter) Wheelock. and William and Katharine-Brat- 
tle (Gannett) Bascom. Like all of this writer's work, this is thorough and reliable. 

The Rutgers pamphlet is a reprint from the New York Genealogical and Bio- 
graphical Record for April, 1886. It is embellished with an artotype portrait of 
Col. Henry Rutgers. It is a well written and interesting article. 

The Rodman pamphlet contains an account of John Rodman, a quaker, who was 
banished from Ireland in 1655 and found a home in Barbados, and his descendants. 
His sons, Thomas and John Rodman, both physicians, settled at Newport, R. I. 
The family is supposed to be of English origin. Much interesting genealogical 
matter relative to Rodmans in Ireland and this country is found here. 

The Butler pamphlet contains the records of the Butler Family Association, and 
the proceedings at the dedication June 9, 1886, of a monument to Dea. Butler. 
The historical address by Henry A. May, of Boston, contains much genealogical 
information concerning the Butlers. 

The Deane pamphlet gives a good sketch of the life of the Hon. John Gilmore 
Deane, of Ellsworth and Portland, Me., and much genealogical matter relative to 
his kindred. Mr. Deane was a descendant of John Deane, who with his brother 
were early settlers of Taunton, Mass. Letters from distinguished persons to John 
G. Deane and to his son, the author, relative to the father are found in the pamph- 
let. The author has done well to collect and preserve these memorials of the family. 

The Sargent pamphlet is a reprint from the Bangor Historical Magazine. It is by 
Ignatius Sargent, Esq., of Machias, Me., with additions by lion. J. W. Porter, 
editor of that magazine. Besides an interesting sketeli of the life of Col. Paul D. 
Sargent, it contains a good genealogical record of his descendants. 

Mr. Howe's pamphlet OH the Bigelow reunion last June gives an interesting ac- 
count of the proceedings on that occasion. We have elsewhere stated that Mr. 
Howe, who is the secretary of the Bigelow Family Association, under wl 
auspices this reunion was held, has in preparation an extensive genealogy of tho 




The Gates pamphlet traces the descent of Joel Gates, of Hancock, N. II., and 
his children from Thomas Gates, who is said to have resided in Norwich, Eng., in 
the reign of Elizabeth and James I. 

The Savary, Littleton, Ware and Odlin pamphlets arc reprints from the Register 
for October, 1887. The Littleton pamphlet is by Robert Patterson Robins, M.D., 
of Philadelphia. The Ware and Odlin pamphlets are appendices to works pre- 
viously noticed by us ; the Ware in April and the Odlin in October last. Our 
readers are already aware of the merits ot these works. 


Presented to the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 

I. Publications written or edited by Members of the Society. 

Edward Jessop of West Farms, Westchester Co., New York, and his Descen- 
dants. With an Introduction and an Appendix : the latter containing Records 
of other American families of the name, with some additional Memoranda. By 
Rev. Henry Griswold Jesup. 

The Descendants of Edmund Weston, of Roxbury, Mass., for Five Genera- 
tions. By Thomas Weston, Jr., Esq., A.M. Boston: George E. Littlefield. 
1887. 8vo pp. 23. 

Groton Historical Series : A Collection of Papers relating to the History of 
the Town of Groton, Massachusetts. By Samuel Abbott Green, M.D. Groton : 
1887. 8vo. pp. viii. 502. 

The Canadian Fisheries Dispute. — An open letter to Senator Morgan. St. 
Louis. 1887. 8vo. pp. 445. By Charles Levi Woodbury. 

Harvard College Alumni, who have held the official positions named. By 
William A. Richardson, LL.D., Chief Justice of Court of Claims (U. S.), 
Washington, D. C. 8vo. pp. 7. 

In Memory of John B. Moreau. 8vo. pp. 12. By Benson J. Lossing, LL.D. 

Wants. Supply. Help. Baccalaureate Address to the Class of '87, July 
12, 1887. By Joseph F. Tuttle, President Wabash College, Crawfordsville, 
Indiana. Crawfordsville : The Journal Printing House. 1887. 8vo. pp. 12. 

Washington as an Angler, with Extracts from his Diaries, 1787-89. By 
George H. Moore, member of the Ammauskeag Fishing Club. New York : 
Printed for the Author. 1887. Small quarto, pp. 14. 


Edward Hampden Cutts, Esq., died at 
Faribault, Minnesota, Oct. 11, 1887. 
He was born in Portsmouth, N. II. (at 
the residence of his grandfather, Edward 
Cutts, Esq., on "Christian Shore"), 
May 29. 1831. He was seventh in 
descent from Robert Cutts, the young- 
est of the three brothers of that name 
who immigrated to Kittery, Me., prior 
to 1(513. His father, Hon. Hampden 
1 itt-, was a lawyer of high stand- 
ing, who studied law with Hon. 

Jeremiah Mason. On his father's Bide 
he wai lant of the Wills, 

litis, Eolyoke and Carter families. 
His mother was Mary PeppereU Spar- 
hawk Jar vis, the eldest child of Hon. Wil- 
liam Jarvis and Mary PeppereU Spar- 

hawk. Through her he was a lineal 
descendant in the 6th generation from 
Sir William PeppereU; also a lineal 
descendant of the Sewall, Hirst, Spar- 
hawk, Duminor and Bartlett families. 
In 1833 his parents removed to North 
Hartland, Vt, near the residence of 

Hon. William Jarvis, his maternal 

grandfather. lie was educated at Nor- 
wich University, Norwich, Vt., after an 
academic education at other schools. 
After this, desiring to become a 
engineer, he took Lessons of a private 
tutor. In is")"; he married Miss Annie 
Sherwood, and removed to Wisconsin. 
Liter he became one of the pioneer 
settlers of Walcott, Minn., from which 
he finally removed to Faribault, Minn., 




with his family. At the opening of 
our last war he enlisted in Co. B, 8th 
Minnesota Volunteers, and waa after- 
wards promoted to a captaincy in the 
45th U. S. Infantry. lie served to the 
close of the war, making a fine record 
as an officer and soldier. As a citizen 
and man, he was beloved by all who 
knew him for his nobility of character. 
His funeral was held at "The Cathe- 
dral of Our Merciful Saviour" in Fari- 
bault, under the charge of Michael 
Cook, Post 123, G. A. It., of which he 
was a member. lie was elected vice- 
president of " The Old Settlers' Asso- 
ciation of Rice Co.," just before his 
death. Of his family of nine children, 
only five and his wife survive him. 
They are: Elizabeth Bartlett, Lillian 
Ursula, Hampden, Winifred and Anna 
Margaret. The family portraits in his 
father's line descend to his only son, 
Hampden, who is the last of a once 
large family to uphold the name. 

John- Pierce, M.D., died at Edgartown, 
Mass., Sunday, March 22, 1885. He 
was in every good sense one of the 
most conspicuous figures of that com - 
munitv, where socially and profes- 
sionally he held a high position. Dr. 
Pierce was born in Lebanon, Ct., Nov. 
25, 1805, but in 1808 became a resident 
of Monmouth, Me., where he received 
his academical education. He studied 
medicine with the late (iov. Hubbard, 
of Maine, and at Bowdoin College, 
where he was graduated in 1833. He 
practised his profession in Wales, East 
Pittston and Gorham, Me., and while 
in the last named place was commis- 
sioned surgeon to accompany the troops 
called out on account of the trouble 
over the North East Boundary ques- 
tion. In 1839 he removed to Edgar- 
town, where he was in active practice 
until 1879, and there resided till his 
death. Shortly after coming to Edgar- 
town he was married to Miss Chloe 
McLellan, of Gorham, Me. For eight 
years he was the surgeon in charge of 
the United States Marine Hospital at 
Vineyard Haven, and was a medical 
examiner for Dukes County from the 
time that office was first established. 
Since 1840 he was a member of the 
Massachusetts Medical Society, and 
held various offices in that organiza- 

tion. He was for many years a mem- 
ber of the Masonic order, and was the 
first master of Oriental Lodge of Edgar- 
town. He served on the board of 
school committee for twenty years, and 
was repeatedly chosen steward and 
treasurer of the M. E. Church, and 
superintendent of the sabbath school. 

He also came of good stock. His 
great-grandfather, Timothy Pierce, of 
Plainfield, Ct., was a judge of probate, 
a colonel of militia, and a member of 
the Governor's council. His grand- 
father was Benjamin Pierce, of Brook- 
lyn, Ct., a captain in the Pevolutionary 
war. His mother's father was Dr. 
Williams, a prominent physician of 
Mansfield, Ct. As his own successors 
he leaves two sons, John N., a graduate 
of AVeslevan University and a member 
of the Massachusetts bar, and Franklin 
W., a graduate of Yale College and of 
the Medical School of the University of 
the City of New York, now practising 
his profession in Barnstable, Mass. 

William Hall 6 Wentworth died at 
Boston, Mass., July 8, 1887. He was 
born at Dover, N. II., March 30, 1824, in 
the line of Bartholomew, 5 Bartholomew. 4 
Benjamin, 3 Benjamin 2 and William 1 
the emigrant, lie was buried upon the 
place of his birth, in what is now Kol- 
linsford, which place was given by 
Elder William to his son, Benjamin, 2 
and which has never been owned outside 
of the family name. 

Paul Uolltxs 6 Went worth, son of 
Andrew 5 and Mary* Rollins Wentworth, 
born at Somersworth, N. H., August 20, 
1804, and died there, July 10, 1887, at 
the old homestead of his grandfather, 
Col. John 4 Wentworth, President of 
the first Revolutionary convention 
in New Hampshire, and the hist 
speaker of the Colonial House of 
Representatives. He was the last de- 
scendant of Col. Wentworth of the fifth 
generation and nephew of Hon. John* 
Wenthworth, Jr., of the Continental 
Congress. He was never married. He- 
was in the line of Andrew, 5 John, 4 
Benjamin, 3 E/.ekiel,- Elder William, 1 
the emigrant. His mother was grand- 
daughter of Judge Ichabod and Abigail 4 
Wentworth Rollins, of Somerswoith. 

Emuta -Yob xli. p. 90, 2d line from bottom, for «« Fillow " read ■« Filler or Thillo." 
N. B. For Errata in the Register for October, 18S7, see ante, p. 10S, for The Bavary 

Families, and p. 

1U9 for Dr. Cooper's Diary. 


Index Library: 


faUjct* arti* Ca^nUvs to (§xiti&§ (Record 



W. P. \V. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L., 


NY effort to render accessible to Students the vast mine of 
Genealogical and Topographical information contained in 
the Public Record Office and other depositories, will, it is 
believed, receive support and welcome from all who are 
interested in English family and local history. 

Hitherto, the efforts made to render the Records more available 
have, as a rule, taken the form of the ponderous and expensive folios of 
the Record Commissioners, or are hidden away in "Blue Book" reports 
or among the " Transactions" of Antiquarian Societies. 

Arrangements have now been made for the publication of a series of 
[ndexes to the principal English Records. Each month will be issued 
a fasciculus of Indexes with separate pagination, so that each Index, when 
completed, may be bound up as a distinct volume, with its own title- 
page and introduction. 

The utility of the undertaking is obvious, for it enables the student, 
at a small expense, to place a key to the principal English Records on 
his own book-shelves, thus allowing him, without leaving his own 
library, to ascertain what information the Records are likely to afford 
him. As he will at the same time possess the official "reference" to the 
Records, it will be as easy for him to bespeak an " office copy' ; , or to 
obtain through some record-agent an abstract or precis of adocument, as 
if he were himself in the Record Office or other repository. 

The series will appeal to the interests of the Historian, the Gene- 
gist, the Topographer, and the General Student, for it will supply 
h with material to throw light upon the subject of his study. 
The [ndexes must prove of incalculable value to American and 
C Gonial Genealogists, for the years which the first series will cover 
embrace the period during which New England, Virginia, and other 
English-speaking colonies were founded. 

Indexes to the following Records, amongst others, are in progn 
h will be seen that they comprise those which are of the highest value 
'. and antiquary : — 

Chancery Proceedings, temp. Charles I. 
Royalist Composition Papers. 

Subject Index to Patent and other Rolls— Henry VII to William III. 
'Signet" Indexes, fanning- a Key to the Patent Rolls from 1584. 
Patent Rolls, Index Locorum Henry VIII to Charles II. 

Wills of Northamptonshire, Bedfordshire, Gloucestershire, Worcester- 
shire, and elsewhere. 
Marriage Licences at Gloucester and elsewhere. 
Star-Chamber Records. 
Indentures— Grantors. 
Close-Rolls— Grantees, 
etc., etc., etc. 

The First Series will consist of the following Indexes, with the 
official references, and will be issued forthwith : — 

i. Chancery Proceedings, Bills and Answers, 1625- 1649. 

2. Royalist Composition Papers, Series I and II. 

3. " Signet" Indexes, forming a Key to the Patent Rolls, 1584-1624. 

4. Northamptonshire and Rutland Wills, 1510-1652. 

The work will be printed by Messrs. Whiting & Co., in their best 
style, in a handy octavo form, in double columns, of the same size as 
this prospectus, with old face type cast specially for this work, and will 
be published on the first of each month. Each part will contain not 
less than 48 pages, and more should the number of Subscribers permit 
of it. The number of documents indexed in each part will be nearly 
six thousand, i.e., about seventy thousand references per annum will be 
supplied to the Subscribers. 

The January part will be ready about the 15th of December. The 
Subscription will be £1 \s. per annum, post free. Single numbers will 
be sold at 2s. each. 

American Subscribers will be supplied at the same rate. 

A " Library Edition," of which 50 copies only will be printed, on 
large hand-made paper, will also be issued, in quarterly parts, at an 
annual subscription of £1 ws. 6d. post free. 

* # * As only a limited number will be printed, subscribers may feel 
assured that the value of each Index must steadily increase. 


Mr. Chas. J. Clark, Publisher^ 

4, Lincoln 's- Inn- Fields ', London, W.C., JEng. 

Please enter my name as a Subscribe?' to u ®J)e ^U&CX ^fforcUJ)/' 

the Monthly Series of Indexes and Calendars, as follows : — ■ 

* Ordi?iary Cop at jQi is. per annum, 

* Library Edition (large paper), at £\ ws. (3d. per annum. 

for which I enclose my first year s Subscription. 




* Here insei t the number of Copies required. 

The Index Library. 

Edited by W. P. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 


^pcctntenji of SNW ano CalenDarsi. 

charles i] Chancery Proceedings. 63 

Bundle F.F., 1. 

1 Forward versus Madock 

2 Foster Smith, etc. 

3 Ford Townsend 

4 Fawlzer Peak, etc. 

5 Fill, etc. Dobbs, etc. 

Bundle F.F., 3, continued. 

36 Fearn versus Brough, etc. 

37 Foster Crompton, etc. 

38 Farset Burgen 

39 Fowle See 

40 Fitz Smith, knt. 

Royalist Composition Papers. 


Abergavenny, Sisters of, 1st Ser., i, 67. 

,, Lord, 1 st Ser., iv, 276; xxxviii, 

996; lxxxv, 671; xcvii, 192; 

ciii, 161; cix, 479,481. 2nd 

Ser., xxxii, 185; xxxvii, 531. 

Aberneath, Alex., 1st Ser., xliv, 363. 

Nesbit, John, xxvi, 393. 

Nestcombe, Tho., 1st Ser., lxxviii, 627, 

Nethercliffe, William, 1st Ser., xxxiii, 

526 ; lxxxvi, 447a. 
Nethersole, Francis, is/ Ser., xlviii, 45. 
,, Sir Francis, is/ Ser., xlvii, 47. 


Signet Index. 


Ashpole, Francis, grant 
Absolon, William, warrant 
Asheley, Rowland, lease 

Bossano, Edward, allowance 
Burton, James, grant 






Stanhope, Sir Michael, lease 
St. Asaph, Bp., royal assent 
Say, William, warrant 
Smith, Sir Thomas, warrant 
Slingesby, Sir Wm., etc., grant 

2 3 


1 545-53] 

N orthamptonshire Wills. 

Book K, 1545-53. 
Andrew, Wm : Wellingborough 

„ John : Barton Segrave 
Ashton, Elyn, widow: Cranford 
Atkyns, John : Wellingborough 

„ John : Wappenham 





Book K, continued. 
Cave, contimted. 

„ Richard : Yelvertoft 
Chyjds, Maryan : Kingsthorpe 
Elsabit : 

■ 77 77 

246 Clarke, Flores : Whittlebury 






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Part I will be ready i$lh December. Price is. A junta I Subscription. 
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Established for Priyiting Rare and Unpublished Voyages and Travels. 

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/'resident— Col. H. Yule, C.B 

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The following Works will be found amongst those relating 

and the North-West Passage. 

to America 

The Geography of Hudson's Bay. 

Being ihe Remarks of Captain W. Coats, in 
many Voyages to that locality, between the 
years 1727 and 1751. Edited by John Barrow, 
Esq., F.R.S., F.S.A. 10s. 

The World Encompassed by Sir 

Francis Drake. Edited by W. S. W. Vaux, 
Esq., M.A. 155. 

The Travels of Girolamo Benzoni in 

America, in 1542-56. Edited by Admiral 
W. H. Smyth, F.R.S., F.S.A. iw. 

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Expeditions into the Valley of the 

Amazons, during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth 
Centuries. Edited by Clements R. Markham, 
Esq. 105. 

Henry Hudson the Navigator. The 

Original Documents in which his career is re- 
corded. Collected and Annotated by George 
Asher, LL.D. 155. 

The Expedition of Ursua and Aguirre, 

in search of El Dorado and Omagua, a.d. 
1560-61. Translated by W. Bollaert, Esq., 
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ham, Esq. jos. 

The Life and Acts of Don Alonzo 

Enriquez de Guzman. Edited by Clements 
R. Markham, Esq. Bs. 6d. 

The Three Voyages of Sir Martin 

Frobisher. With a Selection from Letters 
now in the State Paper Office. Edited by Rear- 
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The Expedition of Hernan Cortes to 

Honduras in 1525-26. Translated from the 
Spanish by Don Pascual de Gayangos. 85. 6d. 

The Royal Commentaries of the Yncas. 

By the Ynca Garcilasso de la Vega. Edited by 
Clements R. Markham, Esq. 2 vols. 305. 

Select Letters of Christopher 

Columbus, with other Original Documents, 
relating to his Four Voyages to the New World. 
Edited by R. H. Major, F.S.A., etc. 2nd Edit. 

Narrative of the Rites and Laws of the 

Yncas ; from the original Spanish Manuscripts. 
Edited by Clements R. Markham, C.B., F.R.S. 

1 OS. 

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Seas in the Fourteenth Century. Edited 
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Observations of Sir Richard Hawkins, 

Kt. , in his Voyage into the South Sea in 1593, 
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London, Eng. : CHAS. J. CLARK, 4, Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C. 


The year 1886 brought with it the eight-hundredth anniversary of the completion of 
the Domesday Book, a fact which was regarded as a favourable opportunity of bringing 
that literary relic, the fountain-head of almost all our national topographical and 
biographical researches, very prominently before the world of antiquaries. 

The necessity of a handy-volume series of Domesday is every day more apparent, 
and such a uniform edition as could be produced very conveniently, and, comparatively 
-peaking, quickly, could be issued in an octavo form, county by county. This would 
ba best accomplished by the formation of a society, conducted much in the same way as, 
for example, the Hakluyt Society, which issues two octavo volumes for a guinea yearly 
-ubscription. Those desirous of joining the Society should notify the same to me as 
early as possible ; and I shall also be glad to know the names of the persons so joining 
who will undertake, if they are called upon, to edit any of the Society's volumes in 
.1 -coidance with rules to be hereafter drawn up for their guidance. 

London, November 1887. WALTER DE GRAY BIRCH. 

Communications for Mr. Birch should be addressed to the care of Mr. Chas. \. Clark, 
4, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, W.C, Eng. 



With notices of many allied surnames. Illustrated with Map, Tabular Pedigrees, Arms 
.1 1 I Etchings. This work illustrates the method of compiling a small Family History 
which is advocated by the author. A few copies, still unsubscribed for, may bo 
• itained from the Author, 124., Chancery Lane. 8vo, Cloth, price 7s. 6d. post free. 


The results of an attempt to ascertain the English Ancestry 
Garfield. Reprinted from the Nero England Register. 

of the late President 
Price \s. (V. 




APRIL, 1888. 


By Francis A. Walker, LL.D., of Boston, Mass. 

AMASA WALKER, the oldest son of deacon Walter Walker, 
was born in Woodstock, Conn., May 4, 1799. His parents, 
Walter Walker and Priscilla Carpenter, had been married on the 
3d of April, 1798, and at the time of his birth were living in the 
village then known as Muddy Brook, now East Woodstock. 
Here they remained until the following spring, when they bought 
the estate in the North Parish of Brookfield, in Massachusetts, on 
which their son, Amasa, subsequently lived and died. 

Owing to family circumstances, however, their young son was left 
with his grandfather Carpenter, in Woodstock, for an entire year 
after the removal of his parents to Brookfield. 

Amasa Walker was a very feeble and delicate child, and lack of 
physical stamina was manifest throughout all his youthful days, de- 
priving him of the enjoyment of most of the athletic sports prac- 
tised by his companions. The fact, however, had its compensation 
in the impulse given to study and reflection, and, perhaps, in a 
higher capacity of intellectual enjoyment. 

On his father's estate in North Brookfield, Amasa Walker was 
reared, attending the Centre District School, near the old meeting- 
house ; and, in the intervals of study, working upon his father's farm, 
or sticking card-teeth for the card manufacturers of Leicester. Natu- 
rally a good and even brilliant scholar, the child and youth took the 
utmost advantage of the limited opportunities offered by the village 
school of those days, and acquired that thorough training in Eng- 
lish which, in later days, without the advantage of a college educa- 
tion, enabled him to discuss the most abstruse questions of political 
science clearly, effectively and agreeably, and to address Senates 
and Universities with acceptance. Among his principal competi- 
tors in school was Ebenezer Strong Snell, afterwards Professor Snell 
oi Amherst College. Among the teachers of his early youth, Mr. 
vol. xlii. 13 

L34 Hon. Amata Walker. [April, 

Walker placed highest, Mr. Harry Brigham (1811), as the most 
stimulating and helpful of schoolma In the intervale between 

the public schools, the hoy used to recite to the Rev. Dr. Snell, 
having among his fellow pupils William Cullen Bryant and Elijah 


In 1814, young Amasa became a clerk in Col. Ilenshaw's store. 
Probably no clerk was ever more diligent and faithful or had a higl 

ise of the importance of his work. The qualities which after- 
wards secured his success in business, on his own account, were rally 
exhibited in his early youth, and commanded the complete confi- 
dence and respect of his employer. 

During the winter of 1815 to '16, he was laid up as the result of 
a physical injury, but in the spring of 1816 went to live with Dr. 
Crosefield, who had opened a store in South Brookfield, just across 
the river. In June of that year the store was burned, and he be- 
came clerk to Captain Moses Bond, then trading on the old green, 
North Brookfield, afterwards known as the Lower Village. 

In 1817, he began to fit for Amherst College and was placed 
under the tuition of the Rev. Dr. Snell. His zeal in study soon 
outran his strength and his health completely broke down, compell- 
ing the abandonment of the college project. For three months, 
during the winter of 1817 to 1818, he taught school in District Xo. 
6, and then went again to live with Captain Bond. For two yea 
following, in spite of great feebleness and occasional entire prostra- 
tion, he taught school in various districts of North Brookfield or 
worked upon the farm at home. 

In October, 1820, he, in company with Allen Newell, bought the 
store and stock of Major Holt in West Brookfield. The partner- 
ship continued successfully until February, 1823, when Mr. Walker 
sold out his interest to Mr. Taintor. In writing of this, later in 
life, Mr. Walker said, " I put in $136, and my father let me have 
about $650 : in all, about $800. I took out in cash, $3,550. Pro- 
bably no young man had ever cleared so much in so short a time, in 
trade, at that period, in that part of the country. It was a day of 
very small things." After withdrawing from the partnership, Mr. 
Walker left Worcester County, and became agent of the Methuen 
Manufacturing Company, lie acted in that capacity for two years, 
still suffering much in health. In 1825, lie entered into businee 
Boston with Charles G. Carlcton, under the title of Carleton & 
Walker, and on the 6th of July, 1826, married his partner's sister, 
Emeline, daughter of deacon Jonathan Carleton, of Boston. Mrs. 
Walker died July 24, 1828, leaving one child, who died in infancy. 
In 1829, Mr. Walker went into business by himself, where his en- 
, ambition and high standard of duty and honor, enabled him 
dily to achieve 4 a large success; yet, notwithstanding the urgent 
demands of his business ami his always delicate health, often threat- 
ening complete prostration, he took a prominent part in a great va- 
riety of political, social and intellectual ellbrts. 

1888.] Hon. Amasa Walker. 135 

In 1829, he helped to organize the Boston Lyceum and was its 
first secretary. This was the earliest institution of the kind in Mas- 
sachusetts, and it required great efforts to arouse public interest and 
secure the active cooperation of those on whom the success depended. 
In the same year he entered actively into the movement against 
Masonry, which culminated in the nomination of William Wirt for 
the presidency, in 1832. In the latter year he became president of 
the Boston Lyceum and a director of the Franklin Bank. In 1833, 
he delivered the Fourth of July oration before the Young Men's 
Society of Boston : this address was published. In 1834, June 
23d, he married Miss Hannah Ambrose of Concord, New Hamp- 
shire, by whom he had three children, all of whom survived him. In 
1835 Mr. Walker lost both his father and his mother by death. In 
this year he wrote a series of articles in the Daily Advertiser, calling 
attention to the necessity ot a railroad to connect Boston with 
Albany and the West beyond. These articles were signed South 
Market Street, and gave rise to a public meeting which resulted in 
securing the stock of the Western Railroad. In 1837, he was ap- 
pointed one of the directors of the Western Railroad, serving in 
that capacity four years, either on behalf of the stockholders or of 
the State. 

Mr. Walker was a member of the Committee which went from 
Boston to Albany to persuade the authorities of that city to take 
measures for building their part (then known as the Albany & West 
Stockbridge Railroad) of the line connecting the two cities. In 
conjunction with his colleagues, Mr. E. H. Derby, Col. Bliss and 
Mr. De Grand, he addressed a mass meeting of the citizens of 
Albany on behalf of that project. 

In 1839 Mr. Walker visited St. Louis, and on the 18th of June 
addressed a meeting of citizens, at the Court House, urging the im- 
portance of early and strenuous efforts to secure a continuous all- 
rail line of communication between Boston and the Mississippi. On 
the 20th of the same month he addressed the citizens of Alton, 
Illinois, in furtherance of the same project. 

The following extract from his reported remarks on this occasion 
may be of interest, in the present stage of railroad communication : 

The business men of the West need a regular communication with the 
t that can be depended upon. The Ohio is often dry in Summer and 
frozen in Winter. 

The navigation, too, by the Lakes is circuitous and dangerous, and closed 
for ,i considerable part of the year. The merchant cannot depend on 
getting his goods promptly by any mode of conveyance now in u 

This is .i _ il — all tire injured, many ruined by it. Goods pur- 

chased for the Fall sales do not get to the place of their destination until 

This occasions gr< and embarrassment to the trader, much disap- 

pointment and inconvenience to his customer. 

136 Hon. Amasa Walker* [April, 

All this may be avoided by opening a continuous lino of Rail Road to 
the Bast. Then there will be do delay, no uncertainty. The whole d 
tance, about L500 miles, may be traversed by passenger cars in five da 
probably less; and by freight cars in ten or twelve days at farthest 

Perhaps it Beems incredible to many that the time foi ig from 

Boston to this place caD be reduced to the Bhort period of five days; but 
let such recollect that when long lines of Rail Roads are put in operation, 
no stoppages will probably be made for eating or sleeping. Cars of two 
stories, having accommodations for lodging, have already been put in use in 
some parts of the United States; and those now ordered for the Western 
Kail Road have the entrances on each end, by which means all the cars in 
tin; train are. connected together, bo as to form a general communication 
throughout, thus admitting of the arrangement of having the meals pre- 
pared and put into a ear at a given place, so that when the train arrii 
in>tead of stopping to dine, for instance, the car containing the dinner ran 
be attached to the rear, the train started, and. while going at the rate of 
twenty or thirty miles per hour, the passengers be making a comfortable 
dinner. All this is practicable, and will undoubtedly be done. 

And then as to freight, it may be brought not only much more expe- 
ditiously, but, perhaps, all things considered, nearly as cheaply, especially the 
more valuable and less bulky goods. The capacity of Hail Roads for a 
cheap conveyance of freight has not yet been fully developed : it can 
probably be transported at lower rates than has ever been supposed. It is 
stated that a Locomotive, for instance, of nine tons weight, will drag fifty 
tons of freight over a given road ; but that a Locomotive of fourteen tons 
will transport one hundred and fifty tons of freight. 

It seems then that one hundred and fifty tons may be conveyed almost 
as cheaply as fifty, because the la; ger locomotive would cost but little more, 
would require but a trifle more fuel, and no more time' or attendance ; and 
hence it is evident that when an immense amount of freight is to be trans- 
ported, it can be done at a greatly reduced price, and yet be profitable to 
the road. A saving of all the expenses of insurance, transhipments and 
commissions will thus be secured to the Western purchaser, and make it a 
great object to him, in addition to the aforementioned advantages, to get his 
goods home by the Kail Road. 

At that time, Mr. Walker's su Question that a man might vet 2;o 
from Boston to St. Louis in five days, or less, and eat and sleep on 
tbe ears, created not a little amusement. 

From the beginning of the anti-slavery movement, inaugurated 
by Mr. Garrison, .Air. Walker had joined actively in that effort, 
speaking and writing freely ; he never, however, acceded to the 
opinions of that great agitator and his eloquent assoeiates adverse to 
the union of the States. Mr. Walker insisted upon constitutional 
methods, within the Union, and subject to the laws of the land. 

In 1839, he became president of the Boston ^Temperance Society, 
the first total abstinence association in that city. Mr. Walker's pub- 
lished writings on the subject of total abstinence extend back to L826. 

In INK), owing to increasing bodily infirmities which seined 
likely i<> cause speedy dissolution, Mr. Walker retired permanently 
from business. The scale of his mercantile transactions had been 

1888.] Hon. Amasa Walker. 137 

very extensive, and he had done more to open the trade of Boston 
with the South and Southwest than any other merchant of his 
generation ; but the large profits of his business had been, of course, 
greatly impaired by the almost total wreck of trade and industry in 
1837 and 1839, so that Mr. Walker retired with only a moderate 
competence, sufficient, however, for all his needs. Not even ill 
health could diminish his interest in public affairs, and he took an 
exceedingly active part in the Harrison Campaign, strenuously advo- 
cating the establishment of the Sub-Treasury system, as it at present 
exists. For this he was subjected to a degree of obloquy which it 
would be difficult to conceive ; but the results of forty years' financial 
experience have completely demonstrated the sagacity and soundness 
of his views. The winter of 1840 to 1841 Mr. Walker spent in 
Florida, on account of his health. In 1842, he went to Oberlin, 
Ohio, on account of his great interest in the organization of a 
college in that town, to which he had contributed of his means, and 
remained there ten months, giving lectures in political economy, a 
subject to which his mind had been increasingly drawn by the 
financial experiences of 1837 and 1839. In May, 1843, he finally 
took up his residence at North Brookfield, on his father's estate, but 
went almost immediately to England as a delegate to the First Inter- 
national Peace Congress, of which he became one of the vice- 
presidents. Mr. Walker's active interest in efforts to promote the 
cause of international peace, through the creation of a public 
opinion which should constrain statesmen and diplomatists to use all 
efforts peacefully to adjust their difficulties, and, in the failure of 
direct negotiation between the parties concerned, through inter- 
national congresses having power to arbitrate and settle disputes, 
had begun in 1832. 

In 1844, Mr. Walker resided mainly in North Brookfield, but 
delivered a course of lectures at Oberlin College and attended peace 
conventions in various parts of the country, visiting the West in 
company with his wife. In 1846, he built large additions to the 
house which his father had erected in 1810. In this year he 
delivered the annual address before the Normal Institute at Bridge- 
water. During 1847, his attention was largely given to the peace 

In 1848, his long cherished anti-slavery convictions led to his 
taking an active part in the formation of the Free Soil party. He 
waa a member of the National Convention, at Buffalo, which placed 
Van Buren in nomination for the presidency. In the fall of that 
year he was elected to a seat in the Massachusetts House of Repre- 
sentatives and resigned his professorship at Oberlin. He took his 
seat, January, 1849, and became the Free Soil and Democratic can- 
didate for Speaker of the House. In the summer of this year lie 
attended the International Peace Congress in Paris, becoming one 

VOL. XLTI. 13* 

138 Hon. Amasa Walker, [April, 

of its vice-presidents. In the fall of the same year he was elected 
to the State Senate of Massachusetts. Taking his seat in January, 
1850, he brought forward his plan for a sealed ballot law, which 
was enacted the following year ; and carried a bill providing that 
Webster's Dictionary should be introduced into the common schools 
of the State. 

In 1851, he was elected Secretary of State, for Massachu- 
setts, by the united Free Soil and Democratic vote. During the 
year he delivered several public addresses. In 1852, he was re- 
elected Secretary of State, and became, ex-officio, Secretary of 
the Massachusetts Board of Agriculture. In this year he received 
the honorary degree of Master of Arts from Middlebury College. 
In 1853, Mr. Walker was elected a member of the Convention for 
revising the Constitution of Massachusetts, and became the chairman 
of the committee on suffrage. He was also in this year appointed 
one of the examiners in political economy at Harvard University, 
which office he held for seven years. 

In 1854, he took a prominent part in the organization of the 
North Brookfield Savings Bank, of which he was the first president. 
He w^as this year appointed lecturer on political economy in Amherst 
College, where he delivered an extended course of lectures. In 
1856, he was president of the Agricultural and Horticultural Society 
of North Brookfield. 

The year 1857 was one of great import to the life of Mr. Walker. 
Early in that year he began the publication, in Hunt's Merch ants' 
Magazine, of a series of articles on political economy. The series 
had already progressed so far as to give Mr. Walker's views on 
money, when the financial panic of 1857 commenced. Almost by 
chance Mr. Walker attended, early in October, a large meeting of 
the merchants of Boston, intended to fortify the banks of that city 
in their determination to maintain specie payments. At this meet- 
ing Mr. Walker took the ground strongly that the banks could not 
possibly maintain specie payments for more than two weeks, and 
that it was desirable they should at once suspend, instead of caus- 
ing the failure of the best merchants of the city, as they must 
inevitably do, by refusing discounts in a vain attempt to save their 
own so-called honor. This speech created a great sensation at the 
time, and gave rise to a heated discussion in the public press ; but 
the suspension, within twelve days, of every bank in Boston, after 
causing the failure of great numbers of the best mercantile houses, 
some of them worth millions of dollars, gave so striking a confir- 
mation to Mr. Walker's views as to bring him into prominence as 
an authority on finance, and to cause him to be invited to write and 
lecture far beyond the limits of his time and strength. This episode 
may properly be considered the turning point in Mr. AValker's in- 
tellectual career. From this time till the day of his death the sub- 
ject of the Currency remained the most absorbing of all which had 

1888.] Hon, Amasa Walker. 139 

previously engrossed his mind, and his interest increased with the 
passage of time. 

Late in 1857, Mr. Walker published a pamphlet on the Nature 
and Uses of Money, to which he added a " History of the Wicka- 
boag Bank," a work which had a large circulation. Mr. Walker's 
views on money, as presented in this pamphlet, were essentially 
those of the so-called " Currency School," of which Lord Overstone, 
Col. Torrens and Mr. George Warde Norman were the leaders in 
England ; and of which Mr. Walker, Mr. William M. Gou^e and 
Mr. Condy Raguet became the best known writers in the United 

Mr. Walker's attention had been especially called to the defects 
of the American system of paper money by the financial convulsions 
of 1837-9, and his exile in Florida, during the winter of 1840-1, 
whither he carried the works of Adam Smith and Ricardo, gave him 
opportunity for much reflection, of which the results appeared in the 
pamphlet referred to. Mr. AValker did not, like many American 
writers who were driven to extremes by the flagrant abuses of " wild- 
cat" or "coon box" banking at the West, altogether condemn the 
issue of bank notes ; but he recommended such requirements as to 
the basis of issue as should place the paper money of the country on 
substantially the same ground as that secured for the English circu- 
lation by the act of 1844, in order that the fluctuations of such issues 
should be controlled by the same influences which would, in a similar 
situation, govern the movements of a purely metallic currency. 

In July of 1859, Mr. Walker visited Europe in company with 
Dr. Warren Tyler of North Brookfield ; and in the fall of that year 
he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, 
where, in conjunction with Honorable Samuel Hooper, of the Sen- 
ate, he took an important part in the revision of the laws relating 
to banking and the issue of paper money. At the presidential elec- 
tion of 1860 Mr. Walker was chosen a member of the Electoral 
College of Massachusetts, of which he became secretary, casting his 
vote for Abraham Lincoln. 

The outbreak, 1859-60, of the disease among neat-cattle, known 
as Pleuro-Pneumonia, led to an enactment by the Legislature of 
Massachusetts, at a special session, of a law for its extirpation, and 
a commission was appointed by the governor for this purpose, of 
which Mr. Walker was made chairman. The commission performed 
its work so vigorously and thoroughly as to secure the complete ex- 
tirpation of this pest. 

Beginning in 1859, Mr. Walker continued for several years to 
deliver an annual course of lectures on political economy in Amherst 
College. In the fall of 1862 he was elected a Representative in 
Congress, for the unexpired term of Dr. Bailey. During the session 
of 1862-3, Mr. Walker made several speeches on finance, and 
moved the issue of Compound Interest Notes, in a bill which 

140 Hon. Amasa Walker. [April, 

became a law. In 1866, Mr. Walker published his main work in 
economics, entitled The Science of Wealth. This work passed, in 
the following years, through not less than eight American editions, 
was translated Into Italian by Professor Cognetti, of Turin, and 

received very marked attention and the warmest commendation from 
the economists of America and Europe. Subsequently a student's 
edition of this work was issued and extensively used. In the main, 
the Science of Wealth belonged to the so-called orthodox school of 
political economy. It contained, as might have been expected, the 
views on paper money banking set forth in the pamphlet of 1857, 
greatly elaborated. The other features of the work were (1) the 
absence of even a su^estion of the Wap;e Fund doctrine, then ab- 
solutely undisputed in England and largely adopted by American 
economists, but now utterly exploded; (2) the importance assigned 
to questions relating to the Consumption of Wealth, a department 
which the political economists of that day were agreed in neglect- 
ing, or even formally rejecting, as outside the limits of their inquiry, 
but now recognized as the most hopeful field of economic investiga- 
tion ; (3) the profusion of illustrations drawn from practical affairs, and 
especially from finance and the larger operations of commerce ; (4) 
the moral enthusiasm, confidence in the right, and hope for the fu- 
ture, which pervaded the book, and which, together with its wealth 
of examples drawn from American life, gave it a peculiar interest 
to writers and students of political economy in Europe.* 

In 18l)7, Mr. Walker received the degree of Doctor of Law-, 
from Amherst College. During that, and the years following, until 
his death, he continued to write extensively in the magazines, 
especially in Lippincott's Magazine, of Philadelphia, and in the 
weekly and daily papers. His leisure gave him frequent opportu- 
nities for travel, and he spent not a little of each year in visits to 
Boston, New Haven or Washington, or in trips to Florida or Cal- 

Always a singularly cheerful and sanguine man, in spite of great 
delicacy of health and frequent attacks of pain and sickness, the last 
years of his life were his happiest years. He continued his physical 
and intellectual activity unimpaired up to the very instant when, on 
the 29th of October, 1875, without a word or a sigh, and without 
the slightest premonition of approaching dissolution, he ceased to 
breathe. Had the end been foreseen it would have been most wel- 
come, for he had in July lost his wife, his companion for more than 
forty years. II is father, Walter Walker, had in like maimer closely 
followed his mother to the grave. 

Mr. Walker was in figure slender and erect, and was very quick 

» Nous ne saurtons taire I'expresston d'tme admiration Bincfere pour oet ouvrage capital, 
Science of Wealth, ouvrage digue d'etre mis au premier rang tio ceux dont I'ltudede i'econ- 
omie politique peui le miotuc I'enorgueillir, — M. Louia wolwosxi, Journal des Eoono- 
mistes, October, lbG8. 

1888.] James Lane of JVoi'th Yarmouth, Me. 141 

and graceful in his movements, producing the effect of being 
much taller than he really was. His features were remarkably 
regular and clear cut, and his whole appearance at once engag- 
ing and commanding. His voice was of unusual richness and 
power ; and in public speaking he had a singular faculty of 
holding closely the attention of his audience, however large or 
however unfriendly. He made little use of rhetorical ornament, 
or of the ordinary, so-called, graces of speech, but spoke with a 
fulness of knowledge, clearness of expression and earnestness 
of purpose, seldom surpassed. He was very fond of company ; 
and his delight was in the communication of his ideas and senti- 
ments, or in learning the purposes, feelings and wishes of the young. 
W hcrever he travelled, he easily and quickly made acquaintance, 
and immediately seized the occasion either to acquire or to impart 

Next to discussions relating to finance and currency, his keenest 
enjoyment was in reminiscences relating to his early life ; he de- 
lighted to talk of his old schoolmates, of his old school teachers, of 
the early magnates of North Brookfield and of his' own initial experi- 
ences in business. He was very fond of giving advice; and it must 
be said, his advice was generally very good, for no man ever un- 
derstood better the secret of success in life, either in business or in 
the learned professions. 

In politics, Mr. Walker's history was as follows : he was brought 
up among Federalists ; became a Jackson Democrat, on the issues 
of paper-money banking and the sub-treasury ; joined the Liberty 
party in 1844; helped to found the Free Soil party in 1848, and 
the Republican party in 1856. 

In religion Mr. Walker was brought up an Orthodox Congrega- 
tionalist ; early joined that church and became a deacon in the Union 
Church of North Brookfield, which he aided and contributed much 
to found. His theological views, however, were never strict, but 
corresponded more to the general theology of the present time than 
to that of fifty or sixty years ago. 

In private charities, and in contributions to enterprises of public 
interest, he was liberal and even lavish. 



Communicated by Rev. Jami;> P. Lank, Norton, M 

MONG the early settlers of New England in the 17th century 
were a dozen or more of the name Lam:. Attempts to trace 
their pedigree to a common ancestor have been only partially suc- 
cessful. The name was common in various parts of the British 


142 James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. [April, 

dominion, and it is said that one of the name came with William the 
Conqueror in the 10th century. There are various theories of ori- 
gin ; one that the name originally designated a clan of wool-grow- 
ers among the French Huguenots, lana, meaning wool; another 
that it is identical with McLane, of which name there are numerous 
families. In early records the name is variously spelled — Lane, 
Laine, Layne, Lean, and the name with the prefix Mac or Mc. has 
the same variety of form. 

Kinship between several of these New England settlers of the 
name has been discovered, and much valuable information respect- 
ing nearly all of them and their descendants has been collected. 
Sketches and brief notices of some of these have been published, 
but no adequate account of James Lane, of North Yarmouth, Me., 
1GG0, the immigrant ancestor of a numerous line. 

1. James 1 Lane was a brother of Job Lane, Sr., of Maiden, Mass., and 
of Edward Lane, of Boston. Another brother, John Lane, re- 
mained in England, and there is tradition of one who settled in New 
Jersey, and of another who settled in Virginia. One account says, 
" the family probably came from Edstone or Welbourne, near Kir- 
by, Morrside East Riding of Yorkshire, England." Another, that 
they were " from Rickmansworth in Hertfordshire, England, about 
18 miles from London." 

He was a tradesman in London in 1654, a member of the guild 
of Turners. At that time he had joint-ownership with his brother 
John Lane of real estate inherited from their mother and father, in 
which their brother Job Lane, of Maiden, Mass., also claimed a 
share. (Letter of Jeremiah Gould in N. E. Hist. Gen. Reg., 1857, 
p. 103.) With his family he came to Maiden, Mass., in 1655, and 
was for a while engaged in trade with his brother Job Lane. In 
1658 he was an inhabitant of Charlestown, Mass. In 1660, Nov. 
19, he appointed his brother Job Lane, his attorney, and then, or a 
short time before, removed with his family to Casco Bay, Me., and 
settled on the east side of Cousin's river in Freeport, a part of the 
ancient Westcustogo or North Yarmouth. The point and island near 
took his name, which they retain to this day. He became a large 
land-holder here and in Falmouth, and was chiefly employed in the 
development and improvement of this property. He was the com- 
mander of the train-band of North Yarmouth, a section of the mili- 
tary company of Casco Bay. This officer was armed with a halberd, 
a combination of axe and spear, set on a long handle, and also car- 
ried a sword and pistol. The Indians had a burial place on Lane's 
Island, a short distance from the mouth of the river, and during the 
wars with the white people frequently held carousals there. He 
was one of the jury at court held at Casco 29 July, 1666, in the 
trial of James Robinson of Black Point for the murder of Christo- 
pher Collins, who brought in the verdict, not guilty. Among the 
presentments and indictments of the grand jury at Casco, 1 October, 
1667, was one against John Mossier for travelling on the Sabbath, 
who pleaded in defence that he was looking after James Lane who 
was in danger of being drowned. 

1888.] James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. 143 

It is supposed that he was killed in an attack of the Indians, 13 
September, 1688, and his family driven away, as we find no record 
of him afterward. " That night the Indians went on to an island 
called Lane's island, where they butchered the unfortunate victims 
who fell into their hands in the morning, together with another cap- 
tive whom they had previously taken farther east, in a most savage 
and cruel manner. Their bodies were found by some of the gar- 
rison and buried on the main. Soon after the garrison removed to 
Jewell's island, one of the most distant from the main land on Casco 
Bay, and built a fort there to secure themselves till they could re- 
turn to Massachusetts. Not long after the building of the fort it 
was attacked by a large party of Indians from the main ; but was 
resolutely defended until many of the Indians being killed, the 
others thought proper to leave the island. A vessel soon after took 
the inhabitants from the island and conveyed them to Boston, in 
which and its neighborhood they dispersed themselves. And thus 
the settlement of North Yarmouth was intirely broken up at this 
time." (Sullivan's Hist, of Maine, 1795, pp. 186-7.) Children : 

2. i. John, b. date not known. 

3. ii. Ann, b. " 

4. iii. Samuel, b. " 

5. iv. Henry, b. " 

6. v. Job, b. 
vi. James, b. " 

2. John 3 Lane (James 1 ) came with his parents from Maiden, Mass., 
in 1660, to North Yarmouth, Me. He married Dorcas Wallis, 
daughter of John Wallis, who came from Devonshire, England, was 
an early inhahitant of Falmouth, Me., and one of its foremost citi- 
zens. He settled near his wife's father at Porpoodock Point in 
1687, and here had five children. On the second destruction r of 
Falmouth by the Indians he came with his family to Gloucester, 
Mass., and settled in that part of the town which took his name, 
and is known to this day as Lanesville. He had probably been in 
Gloucester a few years when he and Daniel Day received in 1701 
a grant of swamp-land " up in the woods above their houses, with 
the consent of John Haraden, Samuel Sargent, Edward Haraden 
and the rest of the neighbors." In 1704 he had a grant of ten acres 
on the Cove, to which his name was subsequently attached. In 1726 
he was living on the northern part of Plum Cove Neck, when he 
had a grant of land there near his house. He also had large real 
estate in Maine, both in his own right by purchase and by inherit- 
ance. He died 24 January, 1738, aged 86 years. His wife died 
9 February, 1751, in her 93d year. His estate after his death was 
valued at nearly £2000. Children : 

7. i. James, b. date not known. 

8. ii. John, b. " 

9. iii. Josiaii, b. " 

10. iv. Dorcas, b. " 

11. v. Sarah, b. " 

12. vi. Hepzibah, b. 20 July, 1694. 

13. vii. Mary, b. 8 Aug. 1696. 

14. viii. Joseph, b. 15 Oct. 1698. 

15. ix. Benjamin, b. 25 July, 1700. 
x. Deborah, b. 19 Feb. 1703, died 9 May, 1729. 

16. xi. Job, b. 8 Feb. 1705. 

1 11 James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me, [April, 

Note. — The grandfather of Mrs. Dorcas (WallU) Lane was Na- 
thaniel Wallis oi County Cornwall, England, born about L6 
He owned and unproved an extensive property of more than iivo 
hundred acres "in and about Cascoe Baye," three hundred of which 
was al Broad Cove. By his wife Margaret he had three Bons, Caleb, 
Joshua and John, the first two receiving by will his land in North 
Yarmouth. John married .Mary, daughter of John Shepherd, and 
died 23 September, 1690. The widow administered on the < 
with David Phippeu as surety. Nathaniel Wallis "departed this life 
on October ye eighteenth day Aimoquc Domini 17<>'J aged about 77 
years," and his wife died 14 May, 1711, aged about are. 

(Old Times iii North Yarmouth, Me., p. 439.) 

3. Ann 2 Lank (.lames 1 ) lived with John Bray as his "wife. '-The 
23 d Dec. 1678, Nicholas Cooke, age 72, and Ellinor Beddii 

7«>, testify and say that John Bray son to Richard Bray and Rebec- 
ca of Casco Bay, was neyer legally married to Ann Lane daugh- 
ter of James Lane But the sd Bray lived with the above sd 

Ann Lane, by whom lie had a daughter. . . . All this to be under- 
stood according to yr knowledge who lived long by them and knew 
how they came to live as man and wife together." 

John Bray was of Ivittery, Me., iu 1GG0, a shipwright by trade. 
In 1G74 he kept tavern, and probably at this time was living with 
Ann Lane as his wife. At the time of Indian wars lie removed to 
Gloucester, Mass. She was probably then not Hying. Richard 
Bray (probably the father of John) was of Dover, N. II., 1657; 
was of Casco Bay, 1G58; and was at the fort in Boston, 1687, a 
gunner's mate. A Richard Bray of Exeter died at Lynn in 1GG<3. 
Child : 
i. A daughter. Name and date of birth unknown. 

4. Samuel 2 Lane (James 1 ) married about 1707, Rachel , and 

settled in Gloucester, Mass., near his brother John. In 1708 he 
had a grant of land. He was a blacksmith by trade, and died here 
30 December, 1721, above GO years of age. Children: 

i. Rachel, b. 1708 ; d. young. 
17. ii. Samuel, b. date not known. 

5. Henry 2 Lane (James 1 ). We find no record of his marriage or 

family. In the case of " Falmouth, Province of Maine, July 27, 
1G88, against John Riall (Royall) of North Yarmouth upon grate 
causes of suspicion that he have and doc presume to trade with the 
Indians, also for refusing to assist the constable in the securing of 
an Indian called Joseph that had made an attack ot' and abuse unto 
Henry and Sam Lane," the following is recorded. "Samuel and 
Henry Lane testiiieth to being in their home at North Yarmouth 
upon the 26 th of duly. Towards night there rani'. 1 an Indian man 
and a squaw and desired that they might sleepe there that night 
Which was granted. The next morning the two Indians went to the 
water-side and called to some more Indians who had layn on an 
island and five other Indians came to Lane's house and ash 

tire, which being given them they made a Mnall lire near the house. 

Tin; Lanes fearing the lire might doe damage took the fire away 

from the Indians and carried it to the water-side and told the In- 

1888.] James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. 145 

dians to make a fire there and not endanger their house. Then the 
Indian Joseph fell upon Sam Lane and the said Sam Lane endea- 
vored to defend himself. The Indian Joseph threatened to kill the 
Lanes' hoggs and did runne after the hogs with a hatchet. After 
the Lanes drove off the Indians they immediately complained of 
them to the coustable." (Sullivan's Hist, of Dist. of Maine, 179o.) 

6. Job 2 Lane (James 1 ) came to Billerica, Mass., about the year 1700, 

where his uncle Job resided, who had removed here from Maiden, 
Mass. He married Mary Fasset, daughter of Patrick Fasset, who 
was of Maiden, but removed to Billerica before 1G79, when his 
name appears on tax list. In the York County Records, Me., Book 
11, page 175, is deed of date 15 July, 1719 : " Job Lane and Mary 
his wife of Billerica Mass. to Francis Wyman of Woburn Mass. all 
the lands which formerly belonged to my father James Lane de- 
ceased, lying in Casco Bay, containing a neck of land lying between 
Cousin his River and Ilarriseckett; also an island lying over against 
sd Island called Long Island, one seventh of the described land be- 
ing what he intends to convey." We find no other record except of 
children as follows. Children : 

i. Mary, b. 18 June, 1700-7. 

ii. Joseph, b. 11 Dec. 1708. 

iii. Susannah, b. 2 March, 1710-11. 

iv. Job, b. 29 Jan. 1713-14. 

v. Elizabeth, b. 29 Jan. 1713-14. 

vi. Samuel, b. 7 April, 1716. 

vii. Silence, b. 2 April, 1719. 

viii. Elizabeth, b. 17 March, 1722-23. 

7. James 1 Lane (John? James 1 ) married 25 October, 1710, Ruth 

Riggs, daughter of John and Ruth (Wheeler) Riggs, born 4 Nov. 
1C90. She died 18 August, 1711, at the early age of 20 years. 
He married in 1715 Judith, widow of William Woodbury. They 
lived in Lanesville, Gloucester, where he was a man of marked 
character and influence, a deacon of the third church. He died 20 
April, 1751, at the age of 69 years. He left large real estate and 
farming stock, one quarter part of a schooner at sea, and a negro 
man and negro woman. In the list of his farming stock a yoke of 
oxen was valued at £12. 13. 4. and seven cows at £24. 13. 8. His 
widow died 29 August, 1770, aged 85 years. Children : 

i. James, b. 8 Aug. 1711 ; d. 14 May, 1729. 

ii. William, 1). 21 August, 1710. He m. 1 Jan. 1738, Lydia Griffin, and 
in 1750 Deborah Langsford. He died before 20 June, 1700, when Deb- 
orah bis widow presented inventory of his estate at Probate Court, 
lie had nine children. 

iii. Ruth, b. 27 Dec. 1718. She m. Morgan. 

iv. Josiah, b. 29 March, 1721. Ue m. 20 March, 1743, Abigail Norwood, 
daughter of Joshua and Elizabeth (Andrews) Norwood, b. 28 March, 
1723. Her lather was a son of Francis Norwood, who, according; to 
family tradition, fled from England with bis father at the restoration 
of Charles 11. on account of the trouble in which the father (cared they 
might be involved for the part be had taken in the civil war of that 
period. Francis Norwood came to Gloucester, Mass., about 1663 and 
nettled at Goose Cove. He had several children. His BOD Joshua had 
a numerous family remarkable; for longevity, one living to be 105 years 
of age, He was a fisherman in early life, but in later years was em- 
ployed in getting out mooring and mill stones — the first to engage in 

VOL. XLII. 14 

146 James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. [April, 

quarrying them here, a business which has since become very extensive 
and ol national repute. He died in 1768, in bia Both year. His wife 
di« d 1 November, 1771. aged 90 years. 

The death of Josiah I lorded. His widow was appoint- 

ed administrator ol hi 3 November, 1766. Both were worthy 

membera of the third church of Annisquam, and its n iow the 

baptisms of their children as follows— (I) Levi, 10 Not. 17-31. (2) 
Francis, 12 Dec. 1756. (3) Abigail, 21 Oct. 1759. (1) Mark, 10 Jan. 
1762. (5) Ammi, 17 June L764, Several were persons of 
eminent character and influence. Levi was a leading merchant of 
Boston, and was buried in the burying ground oi King s Chapel, Tre- 
mont Street. Of Francis the second son we have the following notes. 

Francis* Lane married . mber, 1779, Esther Griffin, daughter 

of Samuel and Mary (York) Griffin, born September, 1761. Her fa- 
ther was a member of Squam Church, and well esteemed. Francis 
Lane enlisted in Capt. Rowe's company of Gloucester, in the Revolu- 
tionary Army, which marched to Bunker Hill in b< ason to take part in 
the engagement there, June 17th. Returning to Gloucester lie enter- 
ed the D na~vy on board a privateer, and at the close of the war received 
his share of several prizes which he had aided in capturin rabse- 

quently became master of a ship and made voyages to various parts of 
the world. He was once wrecked on the coast of Sable Island, and 
remained there all winter to recover the cargo of cotton. Soon after 
his marriage he removed to North Yarmouth, Me., where their child- 
ren were born. Of these, the third, Mary b Lane, born 7 Jan. 1792, 
became the wife of Samuel Richards, and mother of Samuel Richards, 
Jr., now of South Paris, Me., who has taken great interest in genea- 
logical studies, and done much towards recovering records of kindred 
onboth his father's and his mother's side. Mrs. Esther (Griffin) Lane 
sacrificed her life to the cause of humanity in taking care of a neighbor 
sick with the yellow fever. The neighbor recovered, but she died 
in 1799. Capt. Francis Lane married ior his second wife widow Han- 
nah Wyman, of North Yarmouth, 8 July, 1800. He, not long after, 
removed to Minot, Me., and subsequently to South Paris, Me., where 
he died, 30 Nov. 1829, aged 73 years. He had a strong attachment 
for the place of his nativity, and used to visit Gloucester, Mass., every 
summer till a short time previous to his death. The house in Glou- 
cester where he was born continued in good condition for many years 
after his death. His second wife died some years before him, and he 
married for his third wife widow Betsey Gammon, 5 Dec. 1822. He 
and his last two wives were buried in the old Robinson burying 
ground in South Paris, Me. The graves were lost for many years, but 
were at length discovered, and " not thinking it right to have a sol- 
dier of Bunker Hill sleep in a lost and forgotten grave," Mr. Samuel 
Richards, Jr., at his own expense, generously placed a stone with suit- 
able inscriptions to mark the place. Of the children and descendants 
of this old soldier Mr. Richards writes, " From all my research 
intimate acquaintance with them I have found no stain on the charac- 
ter of any." The only son. Ammi Ruhamah Lane, served in the war 
of 1812, and came with his lather to South Paris in 1818, and died 
there 10 June, 1863, leaving a large family. His widow, for his ser- 
vice in the war, received a life-pension. She died 18 January, 1881, ~ 
her 76th year. 

v. Mary, b. 25 June, 1733. 

vi John, b. 8 August, 17:25. 

vii J\mes, b. 9 Oct. 1729. He died probably unmarried before November, 
1754, when his brother William was appointed administrator of his- 

8 John 3 Lank (Joint, 3 James 1 ) married Mary Biggs, daughter of 
John and Ruth (Wheeler) Riggs, born .".0 June. L696. He v 
killed by Indians at Penobscot, 22 June, 1724, aged 36 In 

the inventory of bis estate WW u one hilt <>i two vessels, one a coast- 
er and one a fishing vessel," valued at £65. Children : 

1888.] James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. 147 

i. Mary, b. 13 March. 1714. 

ii. Patience, b. 12 July, 1715; d. the same day. 

ill. Sarah, b. 18 June, 1716. 

iv. Ruth, b. 21 April, 1718; d. 6 May, 1718. 

v. Dorcas, b. 4 June, 1719. 

vi. John, b. 21 March. 1721 ; d. 6 April, 1721. 

vu. David, b. June, 1722. He m. 31 Oct, 1743, Abigail Lane, daughter of 
fcamuel Lane, and was intending marriage 12 May, 1769, with Deliv- 
erance Qott. They had three daughters, and two sons, John and David 
The latter, b. 1 Dec. 1750, m. in 1772, Hannah Merchant. He died 
in 1826, and his widow d. 30 Nov. 1840, aged nearly 87 years. They 
had several children; the youngest, Samuel Lane, JKeq., a prominent 
citizen of his native town, and for many years afterward of Chelsea 
Mass., where he died 29 April, 1873, in his 80th year. 

vin. Comfort, b. 18 August, 1724 ; d. before 1737. 

9. Josiaii 3 Lane (John. 2 Jams 1 ) married, 15 Jan. 1713, Rachel York, 

daughter of Samuel York, who came with others to Glouces- 
ter, Mass., from Falmouth, Me., on the second destruction of that 
town by Indians. He died, 23 Nov. 1747,aged 58 years. Having 
no children he gave by will to his " beloved friend and kinsman 
Ambrose Finson," all of his real estate, reserving to his wife the 
use of it during her life, and one half of his personal. Both real 
and personal were valued at £93G. In the personal were a negro 
man valued at £70, and a negro woman valued at £55. 

10. Dorcas 3 Lane (John, 2 James 1 ) married 8 Jan. 1713, William 

Tucker, son of John and Sarah (Riggs) Tucker, born 11 May, 
1690. He did not share in any of the general divisions of land 
among the early settlers of Gloucester, Mass., but there was grant- 
ed m June, 1707, « to Sarah Tucker the wife of John Tucker and 
for her heirs lawfully borne of her owne body about ten acres of 
ground above the head of Goose Cove." It is not known when or 
where he or his wife died. They had several children, besides Wil- 
liam who married Dorcas Lane. We find no record of deaths of 
either William Tucker or his wife. Children: 

i. Dorcas, b. date not known, died in infancy. 

ii. Abigail, b. " " 

iii. Abigail, b. " 

iv. William, b. 22 May, 1721. 

v. Jonx, b. date not, known. 

11. Sarah 3 Lane (John* James 1 ) married 17 Dec. 1713, Thomas 
Riggs, -m, of Thomas and Ann (Wheeler) Riggs, born 10 Jan. 
1690. He was the grandson of Thomas Riggs. who first appears 
in Gloucester, Mass., at the date of his marriage, 7 June, L658, to 
M ,rv, daughter of Thomas Millet; who had a grant the Bame \ 
of six acres oi upland lying at Little River, and 7 Oct. L661, bought 

of Coe ami the Wakleys, lion--, gardens and homo lots on tin- BOUth 

Blde ot ' Coves who by grant and purchase acquired other lots 

of land, and was at one time tin; largest owner in the common ter- 
ritory ; who lived a long and useful life berej and who-- descend- 
ants here and in tie- neighborhood have continued t.» the present 
day. She died 18 Nov. 1715, and he next married Sarah Hunt, of 
[pswich. The,-, were children by the second marriage. We do 
not know that there were any by the first He v. | in 17 I 

148 James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. [April, 

12. Hepzibah 8 Lank (John* James 1 ) married 27 Nov. 1718, Caleb 

Woodbury, Bon of William Woodbury who came to Gloucester, 
Mass., from Beverly about 1705, and bought for £35 four of the 
cape-lots situated at Gallop's Folly. They settled near his father, 
and descendants are still living in this vicinity. She died 12 Feb. 
1732. Children: 

i. William, b. 19 Feb. 1721. 

ii. Hannah, l>. 'J 1 Feb. L7! 

iii. Rebecca, b. 18 Sept. 1726; d. 2 Sept. 1743. 

iv. Caleb, b. 20 March, i: 

v. Andrew, 1). 20 March, 1730. 

vi. Peter, b. 20 March, 1730. 

vii. Rachel, b. 13 Jan. 1*32. 

13. Mary 3 Lank (John? James 1 ) married G Dec. 171 G, Thomas Finson, 

who was killed by Indians in 1724. She married 9 Mar. 172o, 
Joseph Thurston, who resided several years at Pigeon Hall, but 
finally moved to Sandy Bay, where he died 20 May, 1780. Children 
of Mary (Lane) and Thomas Finson. 

i. Mary, b. 23 July, 1718. 

ii. Thomas, b. 10 July, 1720. Was living at Sandy Bay in 1754. Was 

drowned at Plumb Cove 13 May, 1702. 
iii. Elizabeth, b. 1 Feb. 1725. 

Children of Mary (Lane) (Finson) and Joseph Thurston : 

i. Sarah, b. 2 Dec. 1720. 

ii. Joseph, b. 15 Feb. 1729. 

iii. Elizabeth, b. 8 Nov. 1731. 

iv. Daniel, b. 10 Feb. 1735. 

v. John, b. 30 June, 1737. 

vi. Dorcas, b. 22 Jan. 1740, at Haverhill. 

vii. William, b. 27 Nov. 1742. 

14. Joseph 3 Lane (John? James 1 ) married 1 Jan. 1821, Deborah 

Haraden, daughter of Benjamin and Deborah (Norwood) llaraden, 

and granddaughter of Edward and Sarah ( ) llaraden. Her 

grandfather came to Gloucester, Mass., from Ipswich, Mass., in 
10o7, and bought of Robert Dutch house, barn and all his land in 
town. Part of this property was on Planters' Neck where Dutch 
had a fishing-stage. He made other purchases in this neighborhood, 
and was the first permanent settler in that section of the town. He 
died 17 May, 1 083, leaving an estate valued at £285, and his wid- 
ow died 4 March. 1691. Several of the llaraden descendants were 
prominent in maritime pursuits and in military service during the 
Revolutionary War. One of these, Jonathan llaraden, born 17-14, 
early removed to Salem. Mass., and went to sea. In the war he 
was Lieutenant of the "Tyrannicide," and was afterwards the com- 
mander of a privateer; was engaged with the enemy in several ac- 
tions, and evinced great bravery on all occasions. He died in >. 
1803. An account of his exploits was published in Hunt'.- " Mer- 
chant's Magazine," 1859. Joseph Lane died 24 April. 171.*!. in his 
'loth year. We find no record of his wife's death. Children: 

i. Deborah, b. 17 Dee. 1721 ; d. 17 May, 1723, 
ii. Deborah, b. 21 April. 1724. 
iii. JOSEPH, b. 3 May, 172.) ; d. «) March, 1720. 
iv. Joseph, b. 20 August, 1726. 

v. Caleb, l». 16 Nov. 172!) He entered intentions of marriago, 15 Not. 
1752, with Lydia Riggs, who died 21 March, 1812, aged 81 years. 


James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. 




They Had ten children, one of whom was Caleb, b. 23 May, 1759, who 
married Abiah Saville, daughter of Jesse Saville, and died 5 April, 
1850, aged nearly 91 years. She died 18 Feb. 1843, aged 76 years. 
They had twelve children, one of whom was John S. Lane, who died 
in Gloucester, Mass., 1 May, 1870, aged 85 years. 

Solomon, b. 29 Oct. 1731. 

Ann, b. 7 Jan. 1741. 


Benjamin 3 Lane (John, 3 James 1 ) married 6 Jan. 1726, Elizabeth 
Griffin, a descendant probably of Samuel Griffin who first appears 
in Gloucester, Mass., 15 Dec, 1703, on his marriage to Elizabeth 
York; who came from Ipswich, Mass., a descendant of the immi- 
grant Humphrey Griffin 1641, who died about 1660. He had in 
1707 two acres of land where he had set up his house near Benja- 
min York's land ; and four acres on the east side of the way lead- 
ing from Lobster Cove to Sandy Bay. His son, Samuel Griffin, 
Jr., was for many years a member of the church at Annisquam and 
a useful citizen, and died 15 Jan. 1781. Another, Deacon Samuel 
Griffin of the same church, died about 1 Jan. 1794, aged 80 years. 
The family has long been numerous in Squam. Four Samuels were 
living there in 1754. Josiah, born there, settled in Sandy Bay ; 
was a representative in 1833 and 1834; and died in 1858, aged 
about 70 years. [Babson's History of Gloucester.] We find no 
further record of Benjamin Lane or his wife, except of their child- 
ren. Each of the sons married and settled in town. Children: 

Thomas, b. 5 Sept. 1726 ; d. 10 Sept. 1726. 

i. Benjamin, b. 23 Nov. 1727. 

ii. Elizabeth, b. 3 Jan. 1730. 

v. Jonathan, b. 2 Oct. 1731. 

v. Joun, b. 15 Oct. 1733. 

vi. Lydia, b. 24 Feb. 1736. 

vii. Hezekiaij, b. 31 March, 1738. 

16. Job 3 Lane (John, 2 James 1 ) married 26 Nov. 1734, Mary Ash- 
by, probably a descendant of Edmund Ashby who was of Salem, 
Mass., in 1665, and appears to have been of Gloucester, Mass., in 
1680, as that year the birth of a son James was there recorded. 
They settled at Sandy Bay, where they probably died. Children: 

Sarah, b. 10 Sept. 1735. 
Job, 1). 11 July, 1738. 







Notes. — The record in Gloucester Records gives the residence of 
Mary Ashby as " of Beverly." A friend who searched the records 
writes: " Besides the two children (first named) there were former- 
ly on the record Martha, Ebenezer, Deborah, Andrew and another; 
all more or less illegible several years ago, and now almost gone." 
We here find a connecting link in the chain of ancestry of the late 
Ebenezer Lane, of Oxford, Ohio, who, with his brother Andrew 
Lane, founded the well-known Theological School in Cincinnati. 
styled, in memory of its founders, " Lain; Theological Seminary." 
Kbenezer, one of the children " formerly on the record and now 
almost gone," was the grandfather of these founders. In reply to 

VOL. XLII. 14* 

150 James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. April, 

a letter of inquiry addressed to Ebenezer Lane of Oxford, in 1869, 
he wrote, dated 24th October, " My grandfather was a native of 
Gloucester, Mass., followed the sea, and sailed as Master of a vessel 
from the Port of Cape Ann. lie removed to New Gloucester, Me., 
in the year 1770, and was among the first settlers of that town. In 
Maine' he followed the farming and lumbering business, and kept a 
Hotel in New Gloucester for over forty years. He died at his resi- 
dence in that place at the advanced age of ninety-three years, with- 
out, so far as I can learn, having a day's sickness in his life. He 
had six children, three sons and three daughters. My father, Eben- 
ezer Lane, Jr., was the oldest, born at Gloucester, Mass., in 1763, 
and died of apoplexy in New Gloucester, Maine, in 1810. My 
father followed the farming and lumbering business, and was part 
owner of several mills, but became much embarrassed in the latter 
part of his life and left his family poor. I was his eldest son, and 
left at the age of seventeen with nothing but my mother and three 
of the youngest children to support and debts to pay. But poverty 
is a good thing to begin the world with, and if rightly improved we 
can learn something useful from it, that we never would learn if 
born rich. My father had i ine children, live sons and four daugh- 
ters : one son died in infancy ; all the other children arrived at ma- 
ture age. My brother Andrew was in the mercantile business with 
me some years in New Orleans, La., and died in New Haven, Ct., 
in 1862, aged 66, leaving an estate of about $60,000. With the 
aid of myself and Andrew, brothers William and George were edu- 
cated at' Bowdoin College, Maine. William graduated in 1819, 
went to Louisiana, was Professor in Louisiana Colic-*', resigned in 
about a year and went into the mercantile business and then to 
planting cotton, and now resides on his plantation in East Feliciana 
Parish, La. George, after leaving college, went to Princeton to 
Study for the ministry. After remaining there one or two years, 
was taken sick with consumption, went to Virginia and died. One 
Bister, the youngest of the family, is living in this state. 

"I married in New Orleans in 182"), Celeste llearsey, daughter 
of Edward Hearsey, Esq., a native ot Charlestown, Mass. I lost my 
wife thiee years ago [1867] last April. We had four children, two 
sons and two daughters. My oldest son, Edward Payson Lane, died 
last May, leaving a widow and four children. Loth mother and 
son died enjoying a good hope through grace of a blessed immortal- 
ity. My son John Howard Lane is married and lives in Memphis, 
Tenn. One of my daughters remains unmarried, the other married 
a Methodist minister who has charge of the Methodist church in 
this place." 

The above sketch, written when over seventy years of age, is of 
special interest as giving valuable information which could not oth- 
erwise be now obtained. By further research we hope to supple- 
ment this graphic outline of family history with items of names, 
dates and memorial notes, which may complete the record of this 
goodly line. In the same letter giving the above sketch Mr. Lane 
writes of the Seminary as follows : " The plan of founding that In- 
stitution originated with myself. My brother Andrew Lane joined 
me in a donation to it. It has able Professors and a good library; 
and I trust it has done good. But it has not met my expectations 

1888.] James Lane of North Yarmouth, Me. 151 

The object of its establishment was to prepare indigent youno- men 
for the Gospel Ministry, and the manual labor system was "to be 

made a prominent feature of the Institution, by which youno- men 
could preserve their health and meet all or nearly all their ne- 
cessary expenses. But the manual labor department was badly 
managed and was abolished. About this time the slavery ques- 
tion caused much excitement, and resulted in one of the best 
Professors and about sixty of the students leaving and going 
to Oberlin. This was a heavy blow to Lane Seminary, but* was 
a great means of building up Oberlin, which is now the largest 
and I think the best institution in the state. I still have the 
strongest confidence in manual labor schools when well managed. 
But we all know nothing prospers badly managed. I believe in 
educating the sexes together, and the manual labor system made 
more prominent than it ever has been in any Institution. Twelve 
hours in the twenty -four should be equally divided between study 
and labor. The health and expenses of the student require six hours 
labor per day, and six hours devoted to mental culture will enable a 
young man of fair talents to get a good education, and one who can- 
not get it in this time is not worth educating. There are many youno- 
men and women in the country who could obtain a liberal education by 
their own daily labor if suitable institutions were established. It is 
the poor we should assist in rising in the world. The rich can take 
care of themselves. I have a good farm here of 107 acres, and a 
house 38 by 7G feet, sufficiently large for the beginning of a manual 
labor school, and would use it for this purpose if I could <ret a suit- 
able person to join me in establishing a school of this kind!" 

17. Samuel 3 Laxe (Samuel, 2 James 1 ) married 23 Oct. 1722, Mary 
Emmons. Their purpose of marriage was entered on the 'record's 
of Gloucester, G Oct. 1722, "both of this town." Children: 

i. Samuel, b. 7 July, 1723. 

ii. Mary, b. 4 Sept. 1721. 

iii. Abigail, b. 23 Feb 172G. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. 20 March, 1728. 

v. Zebulon, b. 1 July, 172'J. 

vi. Judith, b. 10 June, 1736. 

vii. Iss.u nun, b. 11 Juno, 173 ( J. 

viii. Mary, b. lb Oct. 1711. 

tfote.— Of the children Samuel and Zebulon settled in the Harbor 
Parish about 1750. They both had families. The former was 
father of Stephen, who perished by shipwreck at Scituate, 2S Dec 
17/4, leaving a son Jonathan, the father of Fitz II. Lane, the dis- 
tinguished marine painter of Gloucester, who was born 18 lire. 1804 
" At the- age of eighteen months, while playing in the yard or c,,.' 
deu of hi, father, he ate some of the seeds of the apple-peru: and 
was so unfortunate as to lose the use of his lower limbs in coj 
quence, owing to late and unskilful medical treatmeut. He sho- 
rn boyhood a talent for drawing and painting; but reeeived no in- 
struction in the rules till he went to Boston at the a- of twenty 
eight to work in Pendleton's lithographic establishment, from that 
time his taste and ability were rapidly developed ; and, after t resi- 
dence of several years in Boston, became back to G ter w j t h 
a reputation fully established. Since his return to his native town 

152 Marriages of Rev. Thomas Foxcroft. [April, 

he has painted many pictures, all of which have been much admired. 
He has often contributed a production of his pencil for the promo- 
tion of a benevolent enterprise ; and with characteristic kindness he 
furnished the sketches for the engravings of this work." (Babson's 
History of Gloucester, 1860.) 

Note. — Since the above article was in type we have from William M. 
Sargent, Esq., of Portland, Me., recently discovered facts of record which 
throw additional light on the pedigree of James Lane's wife. 

York Reg. 12-376 ) John Lane calling himself then of Boston conveys all right 
20 Mar. 17-27 > inherited from his mother Sarah Lane deceased who wax daugh- 
ter of John White deceased at Nequasset in Kennebec, purchased by John White 
and James Phips of Edward Bateman upon part whereof John White lived and 
died. Other notes show that this John Lane was the son-in-law of John Wallis 
and BO the son of James Lane. This John White was the son of Nicholas White 
who came early to this country, who in 1639 was employed by Trelawney in fishing 
voyages. His time, was up in 1640. He was perhaps of Dorchester in 1652. See 
Suff. Deeds 1. 228. 'He owned 1 of House Island, Portland Harbor, also land on Mare 
Point and Islands. John White had married before 167!) (how long before cannot 
say) Mary, widow of James Phips, who was mother to .Sir William Phips the Gov- 
ernor. As the next deed Y. R. XII. 1722, Peter White of Milton, eldest son of 
John White who, as he states, was a partner of James Phips, recites that his 
father left eight children, ol whom now (1722) but four survive, and conveys 2-5 of 
the property, the above would seem to show that this wonderful woman, who is 
said to have borne twenty-six children, had eight of them by her second husband 
John White. Mr. John White deposes, l!> Dec. 1668, that he was aged then 58, and 
that 22 years before he was servant to Alexander Shupleigh. This accounts for John 
White being in the neighborhood of Kennebec, for Nicholas IShapleigh bought 
Lamarascove Island there and doubtless sent hiin down. J. P. L. 

BOSTON. 1717— 1769. 

Transcribed by Rev. Anson Titus, Amesbury, Mass. 

THE following is a list of the marriages performed by the Rev. 
Thomas Foxcroft, pastor of the First Church, Boston, 1717— 
1769. Mr. Foxcroft had a sickness in May, 1736, from which he 
never recovered ; hence was not able to assume those public duties 
devolving upon the senior pastor. Rev. Charles Chauncy became 
Mr FoxcrofVs colleague in 1727. Had it not been for ill-health 
Mr. Foxcroft would have exercised greater influence, as his talents 
merited, upon the religious thought of his generation. Mr. Fox- 
croft gave the sermon before the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 
Compnnv, Boston, in 1723, which was published in 1884, together 
with a Historical Introduction, Biography and Bibliography of Mr. 
Foxcroft, by the transcriber, for the Company. This list of mar- 
riages was found among the literary effects of Mr. Foxcroft 

A. T. 

1888.] Marriages of Rev. Thomas Foxcr oft. 153 

A List of Marriages Solemnized before Thomas Foxcroft, Minister in 


»„„ 4 1720. James Mosman of Bos. & Sarah Lyon of Roxb. 

Oct 1720. Join, Salter. JEtat SO & Abigail Durant of Boston. 

Dec™ 8 1720. Elisfca Odliu & Eliza. 1'lummer both of Boston. 

J2 20 1720-1. Sam' Barber & Sarah Warren both o Boston. 

Jun'e 8 ' 1721 Henry < iibbs & Hannah Wadsworth both of Boston. 

M v 25 1722. Joshua Pratt & Mary Buckley both of Boston 

Nov. 1 1722 brother Francis Foxcr. of Cambr. & ststcr Mehit. 

Coney of Boston. 

Feb 9i 1722-3 Edw. Bromfield & Abig. Coney of Boston. 

March 15 L722-3. Isaac Fowles & Ellen Bridge of Boston. 

Am 1 1 1728 John Campbel & Mary PemV of Boston. 

A ' B0 l72 g w m Hall & Ann Hunter of Boston. 

June 4 'l724. ' Tho 8 Lake & Mary Kettle of Boston. 

j u U- 2 3 1 724. John Battersby & Sarah Brunt, both of B. 

D J ., ' 1?24 N :l than Foster & Joana Brown both or 1>. 

Feb 9 L72 1-5. Will™ Beard & Eliza. Brown both of Boston 

IJtf. 15, 1725. Sam 1 Stacey of Marbleh. & Susanna Jackson of 

Aug. 10, 1725. Abrah!°Howe of Dorch* & Hannah Wheeler of 


An- 18 1725. Sam 1 Read & Martha Tyler both of Boston. 

Nov' 11 ' 1 7-:,. Joshua Baloh & Rebecca Brown both of Boston. 

Nov' ->' 1725. Benj' Dyer & Margaret Clapp both or Boston. 

Feb' 1 1725-6. Knight Leverett & Abigail Buttolph both of Boston. 

Apr. 11,1726. Thomas Mitchel of Block Island and Marg' Peck 

of Boston. 

Anr 2? 1726. Archibald Hodgitt & Margaret Allin both of Boston. 

tl n - 5 1726. Alexander Martyn & Mary Worth both of B. 

A ;,;, 5 L726. James Doack & Martha Sterling both of B. 

Seotf 15, 1726. Isaac Walker & Sarah Marshall } 

bGp ' w ra Delap & Jane Thompson V all of B. 

John Chapped & Lydia Heath ) 

Q ct r 2G W m Scott & Ann Allin both of Boston. 

Jan 5 17-^G W m Graves & Sarah Meires both of Boston. 

j an ' 12 _H Henry Neal & Eliza. ITaseley both of B. 

Jai ' 24 Rev. John Webb & Eliza Jackson both of B. 

Vu,' 26 . John Homer & Mary Belknap both of B. 

Yeb '■> ' Jeremiah Bumstead & Bethiah Sherwin both of B. 

Anr. 11, 1727. Thomas Tyrer & Abig. Brown both of B— —. 

Anr 17 1727. John Robins & Eliza. Simpson both of Boston. 

Apr 25 17-7 W» Stacey of Marbleh.. & Abigail Dixwell of Boston. 

.' ] 1727. John Whitney & Eliza. Brinno, both of B. 

. ,s 1727. Benj' Larrabee & Mary Elithorp, both o B. 

Say 25 1727. cholas Belknap & Huldah Booker, both of B. 

Sep » 15, 1727. John Hunter & Agnes rradnff, both o B. 

Oc\'10, L727. Adino Bulfinch & Susanna Green, both of B. 

Octo. 12. 1727. Jeremy Green & Sarah Binning, .both oi B. 

Octo' 20 1727. David Allin & Frank Rogers, both of B. 

Nov f 1727. Richard Trickey & Sarah Wright both of B. 

Nov. 27, 1727. James Cristy & Jane Cald wel, both of R 

Dec. 19, 1727. B ibert Wood* Mary Harper, both ot \, 

154 Marriages of Rev. Thomas Foxcroft. [April, 

f an ' q 4 ' i 1 ™ J~f " Nathaniel Roberts & Mary White, both of B. 

dan. y 1727-8. John Holyoke & Joanna Walker, both of B. 

ir o JZoI' J ° Seph Shead & Susanna Wyar, both of B. 
May 9, 1728. Edward Gray & Hannah Bridge, both of B. 
Aug. «, 1728. Peter, Negro Serv* to Mr. Samuel Sewal, and Mel- 
Ana 9« !79« T i 6n ^r r ' ?' SerVt t0 Mr ' John Hunfc 5 »Oth Of Boston. 

q m - Vv. 8 " John Manon & Doratha Fuller, both of Boston. 

TvE- °' Q Dltt0 ' David Favil & Joanna Hemminway, both of Boston. 

JJitto iy, . Sam 1 King of Marblehead & Elizabeth Stacey of 

Boston. [Mem: Dec. 7, 1728. Recollected all 
y* I have rec d for these Marriages, & it comes to 
about £38. 5. — .] 

if U ' l 5 'i 728 " 9 - Jose P h Lo ^en & Rebeckah Peabody, both of B. 

M % ^k r 0Seph Kneeland & Mar 7 Wharton, both of B. 

iviar. ^/, ir2J. John MacCraken of Shrewsbury and Jane Anderson, 

of Boston. 

w P k' l°;iJf 9 A J ben ezer Williston & Rebekah Nichols, both of B. 

L ?V i?t 9 * Samuel Miller & Hannah E1(lil 'g' both of B. 

May 15 1 , 29. Robert Dyer & Mary Larkyn, lS>tli of B. 

July 1, 1729. John Barrel & Ruth Green, both of B. 

rw°' o ^ tt0 ' Jonathan Neal & Sarah Wheeler, both of B. 

Ucto. 13, Ditto. James Bradford & Bephzibah Williams, both of B. 

ssoy. 1/, 1,2 J. Edward Stacey of Marblehead & Elizabeth Jackson 

of Boston. 

Nov. 20, Ditto. Clemen! Collins & Sarah Courser, both of Boston. 

Dec. 25, Ditto. John McCloud & Jane Loader, both of B. 

Mar. 5, Ditto. Daniel Tucker & Hannah Carey, both of B. 

Mar. 6, Ditto. William Lackey & Mary Taylor, both of B. 

June 11, 1/30. Simeon Ward & Mary Bolt, both of B. 

Jn] y *% • James Reymer & Sarah Dyar, both of B. 

~ 17 > " • George Whitehead & Rebecca Barrett, both of B. 

Aug. 6 . Richard Moor & Sarah Truudey, both of B. 

r~7 ,7 • Thomas Nowel & Eliza. Bradford, both of B. 

P I ' ' Barrat Dvar & Eliza - 15,lll » both of B. 

~ 24 ' • Charles Cabbot & Anna Darby, both of B. 

m \i — Wm AVilsou & Mar * Marion ' both of b. 

M ' } ' • Thomas Baker & Mary Buttolph, both of B. 

t ™~7T? Joseph Dyar & Mary Loring, both of B. 

June 22 1731. John Parry & Sarah Day, both of Boston. 

Aug. 11, . Isaac Basset & Mercy Bell, b. of B. 

Ditto 30, . John Foster & Eliza. Flemming, b. of B. 

Uct 28, . Bartholomew Gedney & Sarah Johnson, b. of B. 

r ,4 * Sam Cam P0ell & Mary Hunter, b. of B. 

Jan. 27, . Edw d Tyug & Anna Waldoe, b of B. 

Jbeb. 10, . Joseph Halsey & Ann Lloyd, b. of B. 

It ??' r^T Joseph Williams of Roxbury & Martha Howell of B. 

May 16, 1 732. Jon th Wheeler & Hannah Barnard both of B 

June 7, . Nath 1 Austin & Eliz a Cross, b. of B. 

Do. 10, .. James Dolbear & Mary Valentine, b. of B. 

Do. 22, . David Cutler & Lydia Belknap, b. of B 

July 27, .. W m Griggs & Eliz a Murch, b. of B. 

Aug 4 3, .. Seth Foster & Susana Bill, b. of B. 

Aug* 10, . Eben r Welch & Susanna Allen, both of Boston 

1888.] Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. 155 

Aug. 17, 1732. Tlio 8 Jenkvns & Mary Lincoln, b. of B. 

Sept. 7, . John Phillips & Sarah Cooke, b. of B. 

Dec. 12, . Nich* Fessenden & Hephzi. Worth, b. of B. 

Dec. 14, . John Rhodes of Lynn & Athilred Marion of Boston. 

Jan. 18, . Joseph Heath of Roxb. Oc Christian Bridge of Boston. 

Feb. 8, . James Best & Mary Wright both of B n. 

April 19, 1733. Sam d Cravath & Eliza. Butler, both of Boston. 

May 2, . Robert Myers & Mary Dresser, b. of Boston. 

8, . Nath el Thayer & Ruth Eliot, b. of B. 

15, . Joseph Lowdan & Sarah Battersby, b. of B. 

June 21, . Zach. Thayer & Kath. Thacher, 

July 3, Tho s Williston & Sarah Wormell, 

Do. 12, . Benj a Frothingham & Mary Edmonds, 

Octo. 17, . Nicholas Hayes &Marg l Young, }> both of Bos. 

Do. 24, . Adam Montgomery & Deb. Thorn, 

Dec. 6, . John Mathews & Sarah Lambert, 

Do. 13, . Thomas Ethridge & Aun Durant, 

[To be continued.] 


By Frank E. Randall, Esq., of New York City. 
[Continued from page 83.] 

80. Mr. Richard Carrier d. 17 Nov. 1749 in 76th. yr. 

81. Thankful wife of Mr. Richard Carrier d. 20 May 1759 in 77th yr. 

82. Mr. Andrew Carrier who d. 23 July 1749 in 74th. yr. 

B3. Mr-. Mary, wife of Mr. Andrew Carrier, d. 13 Sep. 1748 in 70th. yr. 
81. Mrs. Ruth Carrier, wife of Mr. Andrew Carrier and dau. of Mr. 

John Addams of Colchester d. 16 Nov. 1734 in 19th yr. 
65. David son of Andrew and Bebecka Carrier d. 29 July 1749 in 3rd yr. 
86. Mr. Thomas Carrier son of Mr. Andrew and Mrs. Rebecka Carrier 

d. 3 Jan. 1749-50 ae. 8 mos. 

Richard Carrier (No. 80; had recorded in Colchester, 

1. Timothy, b. 22 July, 1699. 

2. Sarah, b. 13 Apr. 1701, d. 27 Sep. 1717. 

3. Mefaitabel, b. Hi Apr. 1702. 

Elizabeth, wife oi Richard Carrier, d. 6 Mch. 1704, and he m. 29 July 1707 
Thankful Brown (No. 81) ('/widow oi" Jaines Brown who d. 1704) and had 

4. Hannah, b. 1 May 1708. 

5. Thankful, b. 29 Apr. 1711. 

6. Remembrance, b. 1 1 Apr. 1715. 

7. Amos, b. July, i: 

The will of Richard Carrier, dated 3 Dec. 1734, proved 3 July 1750, mentions 
wife Thankful, son- John, Timothy and Amos, daughters Elizabeth wife of Na- 
thaniel Pinney of Windsor, Mehitabel wife of Benjamin \V< ntworth, Hannah 
Carrier, Thankful wife of fibenezer Phillemore and Remembrance wife of Curtis 

John Carrier (son of No. 90) m. Mary Brown 22 July 1722. 

1. Abiall, b. 7 May 1723, m. Joseph Skinner. 

2. Sieble, b. 28 Nov. 1725. 

156 Inscrijotions in Colchester Burying- Ground. [April, 

3. Mary, b. 26 Dec. 1727. 

4. Prudence, b. 22 Mch. 1731. 

5. Titus, b. 23 Aug. 1733. 

Will of John Carrier, dated 17 June 1745, prov. 3 Nov. 1746, makes wife Mary 
and brother Timothy Exrs : names children, Abial, wife of Joseph Skinner, Sibyl, 
Mary, Titus and John. 

Andrew Carrier (No. 82) m. Mary Addams (No. 83) 11 Jan. 1704-5, and had re- 
corded at Colchester, 

1. Andrew, b. 2 Feb. 1705-6. (See Nos. 84, 85 & 86.) 

2. John, b. 14 June 1707. 

3. Mary, b. 19 Apr. 1708, m. Samuel Day. 

4. Thomas, b. 20 June 1711. 

5. Benjamin, b. 17 Sep. 1713, m. 6 Feb. 1734-5 Elizabeth Knceland. 

The will of Andrew Carrier, dated 7 Apr. 1749, proved 1 Aug. 1749, mentions all 
the foregoing children, of whom John was dead, having left a son Andrew. 21 Aug. 
1750 his estate was divided among the following : Samuel and Mary Day ; Andrew 
Carrier ; Benjamin Carrier ; heirs of John Carrier and heirs of Thomas Carrier. 

Andrew Carrier (son of 82) m. 27 Dec. 1733, Ruth (No. 84), dau. of John and 
Ruth (Lomis) Adams, b. at Colchester 28 Jan. 1715-6, and had recorded at Col- 

1. Andrew, b. 9 Nov. 1731. 

His wife Kuth d. 16 Nov. 1734, and he m. 2d, 27 Oct. 1735, Rebecca Rockwell, 
and had 

2. Ruth, b. 14 Aug. 1736. 

3. Joseph, I). 3 Mch. 1738. 

4. Samuel, 1). 6 Jan. 1739-40. 

5. Israel, b. 12 Mch. 1741-2. 

6. Isaac, b. 21 Apr. 1711. 

A Thomas Carrier died 16 Mch. 1735 in his 109th yr. (Church Record.) " 16 
May 173.") aged about 108 or 109 years."' (Town llec.) 

Tradition says that Thomas Carrier came with sons Richard and Andrew from 
Andover, Mass., where his wife Martha had been hung as a witch in 1692. lie 
was a Welchman. 

87. Mr. Philip Caverly, son of Philip and Hannah Caverly, d. 19 June 

1739 in 22d yr. ' 

Philip Cauerlee from Lebanon m. Hannah Adams, 20 Dec. 1713, and had recorded 
at Colchester, 

1. Philip, b. ; d. 19 June 1739. (No. 87.) 

2. John, b. 24 Nov. 1731. 

88. William Channeling (sic) d. 31 Oct. 1756 in 67th yr. 

89. Experience Chamberlain, wife of Peleg Chamberlain, d. 21 Mch. 1742 

in 39th. yr. 

90. Nathan Chamberlain, son of Peleg and Experience Chamberlain, d. 

G Apr. in the 7th month of his age 

91. Nathaniel Chamberlain d. 16 Apr. 1794, in 69th yr. 

92. Abigail, wife of Nathaniel Chamberlain, d. 11 Feb. 1775 in 45th yr. 

93. Erastus Chamberlain d. 23 Jan. 1813 in 49th. yr. 

94. Lydia, dau. of Erastus and Lydia Chamberlain, d. G Sep. 1821, ae. 26. 

95. Lucy S. Chamberlain d. 18 Jan. 1825 in 2Gth. yr. 

"William Chamberlain (No. 88) m. 4 Jan. 1710-11 Sarah Day, and had recorded 
at Colchester, 

1. William, b. 22 Jan. 1711-2. 

2. Peleg, b. 25 Nov. 1713. 

3. John,b. 10 Jan. 1715-6. 

4. Sarah, no date. 

5. Marcy, " " 

6. Mary, " " 

Administration was granted 11 Mch. 1756 to William Chamberlin of Hebron on 
the estate of William Chamberlin of Colchester. 

1888.] Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. 157 

96. In memory of our sister Mrs. Sophia M. Bulkley Chapell d. 1 Jan. 

1857, £e. 45. 

97. Russell Chapman <1. June 8, 18G3, ae. 77. 

98. Celinda Bulkley, wife of Russell Chapman, d. 30 Nov. 18G7, ae. 73. 

99. Mr. Richard Church d. 1 Apr. 1730 in 67th yr. (See No. 320.) 

100. Mrs. Mind well Clark d. May 1784 in 87th yr. 

101. John Clark d. 21 Oct. 1749 in 50th. yr. 

102. Mr. Roger Clark d. 11 Oct. 1775 in 60th yr. 

103. Hannah, wife of Roger Clark, d. 5 Apr. 1771, a-.. 48. 

104. Lieut. Wm. Clark d. 17 Nov. 1765 in 46th. yr. 

105. Mary wife of Mr. Wm. Clark d. 17 May 1754 in 31st yr. 

106. Ezra Clark d. 7 June 1797, ae. 71. 

107. Amia Clark d. 27 Mch. 1816, se. 78. 

108. Nathaniel Clark d. 23 Nov. 1802 in 68th. yr. 

109. Elizabeth wife of Nathll Clark d. 16 Apr. 1773 in 34th. yr. 

110. Mrs. Eunice d. of Mr. Daniel and Mrs. Hannah Clark, d. 9 Apr. 

1784 in 31st yr. 

111. Lucy, d. of Mr. Daniel and Mrs. Hannah Clark, d. 13 May 1778 

in 22d. yr. 

112. Ezra Clark d. 9 Feb. 1826, ae. 66. 

113. Eunice, wife of Ezra Clark, d. 30 July 1851, 33. 83. 

114. Gurdon Clark d. 30 Jan. 1843, ae. 82. 

115. Eunice, wife of Gurdon Clark, d. 8 Nov. 1848, 02. 82. 

116. Julia, d. of Gurdon and Eunice Clark, d. 21 Feb. 1793, ae. 15 mos. 
n7 J Sarah Clark d. 20 Sep. 1781, ae. 20. 

) Ralph Clark d. at Port au Prince 7 Oct. 1794, ae. 28. 

118. Judah Clark d. 19 Jan. 1842, ae. 66. 

119. Eunice Clark d. 26 Sep. 1846, ae. 65. 

120. Ralph Clark d. 11 Oct. 1865, ae. 71. 

121. William J. Clark d. 1 1 July 1848, ae. 26. 

122. Adelaide, d. of Daniel D. and Roxanna Clark, d. 7 Feb. 1831, a-. 1 

y. 1 m. 

123. Franklin, s. of Daniel D. and Roxanna Clark, d. 1 Mch. 1842, ae. 9 

m. and 1 d. 

John Clark (No. 101) had recorded at Colchester these children by wife M ind- 
well . 

1. Sarah, b. 13 Aug. 1723. 

2. Johannah, b. — Feb. 1725-6, d. 5 Nov. 1729. 

3. John, b. 22 Sep. 1728. 

4. Joanna, b. 1 July 1731. 

5. Nathaniel, b. 17 Feb. 1733-4 (prob. 108). 

Administration on the estate of John Clark was granted 5 Dec. 1749 to his wid- 
ow Mindwell and to William Clark (perhaps No. 101, and son of dee'd) ; and 
June 1750, Mindwell Clark was appointed guardian to her son Nathaniel. 

Daniel Clark, locksmith of Hartford, in. 4 Dec 1704 Elizabeth Butler, and ha' 
recorded at Colchester, 

1. Hannah, b. 30 June 1700. 

2. Elizabeth, b. 20 June 1708. 

3. A son, b. and d. 17 July 1710. 

4. Daniel, b. 28 Sep. 171 L (See 110, 111.) 

5. Jonah, 1). 10 Dec. 1713. 

0. Roger, b. 21 Dee. 1715. (No. 102.) 

7. Alexander, b. Nov. 1717. 

8. Zuruiah, b. 14 Mch. 1710. 

9. Darius, b. 2 Feb. 1710-20. 
10. Mabell, b. 7 Oct. 1721. 

VOL. XLII. \i) 

158 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground, [April, 

11. Uriah, b. 2 Nov. 1722. 

12. Rebeckah, b. 16 June 1726. 

Noah Clark m. 10 June 1719 Sarah Taintor, and had recorded at Colchester, 

1. Sarah, b. 19 Feb. 1719, and d. . 

2. Sarah, b. 9 Mch. 1721. 

3. Noah, b. 24 Aug. 1722-3. 

4. Jerusha, b. 28 Feb. 1724. 

5. Ezra, b. 8 Nov. 1725. (No. 106.) 

6. Elihu. b. 8 Nov. 1727. 

7. Esther, b. 14 Oct. 1729. 

Administration on Est. of Noah Clark gr. to his widow Sarah 4 July 1749, and 
7 May 1750 she was app. guardian to her son Asa. 

124. Sarah, wife of Jonathan Cole, d. 6 Apr. 1843. x. 77. 

125. Hannah, wife of Simon Cone, d. 19 Apr. 1822, in G9th yr. 
12G. Rev. Salmon Cone d. 2 1 Mch. 1834, se. G8. 

127. Mary, wife of Rev. Salmon Cone, d. 2 Mch. 1802, in 30th yr. 

128. Asa Cone d. 22 Aug. 1853, se. 80. 

129. Farozina, wife of Asa (one, d. 22 Mch. 1853, ee. 64. 

130. Laura W. dau. of Joseph and Fedora F. Copp, d. 1 Sep. 1839, se. 2. 

131. Julia, dau. of S. B. and Laura Crocker, d. 25 Apr. 1844, se. 2 yrs. 

132. Cristopher Crouch d. 2 1 Oct. IS 12. se. 77. 

133. Lydia, wife of Christopher Chrouch, d. 27 Mch. 1830, 02. G3. 

134. Cristopher C. Crouch d. 13 May 1849, se. 50. 

135. Albert B. Crouch d. 5 Sep. 1869, as. 67. 

136. Aseoath, wife of Hiram Daniels, d. 17 Apr. 1835, ae. 44. 
Elizabeth E. their dau. d. 1 Oct. 1838, Be. 5 yrs. 7 mos. 

137. Sarah, relict of Hiram Daniels, d. 31 Jan. 1850, se. 44. 
Rebecca, wife of (lias. T. Daniels, d. 20 Dec. 1837, ;e. 24. 

L39. John Day «1. 17 Oct. 17.") 1, in 77th yr. 
140. Mr. Uaac Day d. 7 .Mch. 17C>.*> in 52d yr. 
1 11. Jacob Day d. by Small Pox, 28 Mch. 1777 in 24th yr. 
112. Lydia, d. of Noah and Anne Day, d. 3 June 1773 in 4th yr. 
143. Eli, son of Noah and Anne Day, b. 15 Mch. and d. ye 24th. instant 

John Day (No. 139) had recorded at Colchester, 

1. Joseph, 1). 27 Sep. 1702 ; d. 20 Oct. 1793, dd. 92 [gr. st.j. 

2. Benjamin, b. 7 Feb. 1703-4. 

3. Eaditha, b. 10 Sep. 1705, m. 11 Dec. 1729, David Bigloe. (See Note to 17.) 

4. Daniel, b. 9 Mch. 1709; d. unni. 1746; adm. to his bro. John Jr. 

5. David, b. 18 July 1710; in. Hannah Elliot. 

6. Abraham, b. 17 Mch. 1712. 

7. Isaac, b. 17 May 1713. (No. 140.) 
The wife of John Day died 12 May 1714. 

The will of John Day, dated 15 Apr. 1748, mentions wife Mary (who was per- 
haps sister to Thomas Wells), eldest son John (who m. Sarah, dau. of Samuel 
Lomis, 20 Aug. 1725) , sons Joseph, Benjamin, David, Abraham and Isaac, daus. 
Lydia, wife of Joseph Fuller, Mary, wife of [m. 20 Dec. 1722] Jonathan Northum, 
and grand-daus. Hannah and Editha, children of his dau. Editha Bigelow deceased. 
It also mentions the testator's father John Day of Hartford deed. 

Deacon John Day d. 25 Aug. 1780, in 80th yr. [gr. st.]. 

7 Dec. 1784 the estate of Lieut. Caleb Loomis was divided between 
Weeks Williams, 
Adonijah Day, 

Noah Day (See Nos. 142 and 143), 
Lazarus "Watrous, 
Otis Bigelow, and 
Judah Scovell. 

1888.] American Graduates in Medicine at Edinburgh. 159 

144. Maj. Jonathan Deming d. 1 Mch. 1788, a?. 44. 

145. Betty, d. of Jonathan and Alice Deming, d. 27 Oct. 1770 in 2d. yr. 

146. David, son of Jonathan and Alice Deming, d. 14 Sep. 17G0, as. 9 mos. 

147. Mary, dau. of Jonathan and Alice Deming, d. 19 June 1776 in 6th. 

148. David, s. of Jonathan and Alice Deming, d. Oct. G, 1775, in 3rd. yr. 

149. Gen. David Deming d. G June 1827, ee. 46. 

150. Harriot Tinker, dan. of David and Abigail Deming, d. 5 Sep. 1810, 

ae. 2 yrs. 6 mos. 

151. Mr. Davidd Dodge, consort of Rebekaha Dodge, d. 30 July 1764 

in 74th. yr. 

152. Arhoda (sic), d. of Daniel and Anna Dodge, d. 9 June 1774 in 5th yr. 

153. Samuel P. Dolbear d. 10 April. 1842, ae. 31. 

154. Mary Ann, d. of George and Sarah Elderkin, b. 4 Feb. 1843, d. 18 

July 1844. 

155. Lucy E. wife of Horace Ensworth, d. 26 May, 1839 8e. 25. 

[To be continued.] 


From 1705 to 1866, with their Theses. 
Communicated by Samuel Lewis, M.D., of Philadelphia. 

THE following is believed to be a full chronological list of the 
natives of America who were graduates in medicine at the Uni- 
ity of Edinburgh previous to 1867. It is compiled from a book 
entitled : 

List | of the Graduates in Medicine | in the | University of Edinburgh | 
From MDCCV to MDCCCLXVJ | Edinburgh | Printed by Neill & Com- 
pany 186/. 

A partial list of the alumni to 1809, was printed by us in the 
Register, vol. xu. pp. 31)1-2. 

Joannes Moultrie, ex Carolin. Mer. De Febre maligna biliosa America?. 

17.") 2. 
Carolus Moore, Pennsylvaniensis. De usu Vesicantium in Febribus. 


Jacobus Jay, Nov. Kboracensis. \)<- Fluore Albo. 

Valentinua Peyton, Virginian Dte Abortu. 

Thomas Bulfinch, Nbv-Anglic. I)'; Crisibu 

Thomas Clayton, VirginieD I)': parca el Bimplici medioina. 

160 American Graduates in Medicine at Edinburgh. [April, 

Guilemus Shippen, Pennsylvaniensis. De Placentas cum Utero nexu. 

William Smibert, Massachusetensis. De Menstruis retentis. 

Theodoricus Bland, Virginiensis. De Concoctione alimentorum in ven- 

Joannes Morgan, Pennsylvaniensis. De puris confectione. 

Arthur Lee, Virginiensis. 

Samuel Bard, Americanus. 
Corbin Griffin, Virginiensis. 
Thomas Rnston, Pennsylvaniensis. 
Jacobus Tapscott, Americanus. 
Samuel Martin, Americanus. 

Adamus Kuhn, Pennsylvaniensis. 
Geo. Steptoe, Virginiensis. 

Benj. Rush, Pennsylvaniensis. 
Gust. R. Brown, Maryland. 
Isaac Chanler, Americanus. 

Joseph Godwin, Virginiensis. 
Pet. Kayssoux, ex Carolin. Meridi- 

Tho. Caw, ex Carolin. Meridional. 
Gualt. Jones, Virginiensis. 

Gul. Logan, Pliiladelph. 
Jac. M'Clurg, Virginiensis. 
Joan. Ravenscroft, Virgin. 
Gul. Brown, Americanus. 
Car. Drayton, Carolin. 
Arch. Campbell, Virginiensis. 

i rul. M'llvaine, Pennsyl. 
Isaac Hall, Virginiensis. 

Joan. Parnham, Maryland. 

Ignat. Dan. Knolton, Philadelph. 
Geo. Logan, Carolin. 
Gul. Ball, Virginiensis. 

Joan. Griffin, Virginiensis. 
Phil. Turpin, Virginiensis. 

De Cortice Peruviano. 


De viribus Opii. 

De viribus Camphoric. 

De Febribus bibliosis putridis. 

De Chlorosi. 

De Balneo. 


De Lavatione frigida. 
De Febre nervosa. 


De coctione Ciborum in Ventriculo. 
De ortu animalium Caloris. 
De Hysteria. 


De Epilepsia. 

De Tetano. 
De Ilarmoptoe. 
De Dysenteria. 


De regimine Phthisicorum. 

De Calore. 

De Ictero. 

De viribus Atmosphaerse. 

De veneris. 

De Inflammatione. 


De Anorexia. 
De Thermis. 


De Cystorrhoea. 


De Pertussi. 

De morbis Infantum. 

De Tabe mesenterica. 


De Potione frigida. 
De Epilepsia. 

1888.] American Graduates in Medicine at Edinburgh. 1G1 

Rob. Perouneau, Carolin. 
Tho. Dale, Carolin. 

Josiah Gibbons, Georgiensis. 

Sam. Nicoll, Americ. 

Ezek. Joan. Dorsey, Americ. 

Joan. Carson, Philadelph. 

Dionys, Dorsey, Americ. 

Dav. Campbell, Americ. 

Dav. Stuart, Americ. 
Joan. Shore, Virgin. 

Gul. Boush, Virgin. 

Geo. Logan, Pennsylv. 
Jos. Hart Myers, Americ. 
Jac. Steuart, .Maryland. 

Benj. Kissam, Americ. 


De Menstruorum profluviis. 
De Erysipelate. 


De quibrisdam puerperarum 

De Arthritide. 
De Nutritione. 
De Cantharidum historia operatione 

et usu. 
De Chlorosi. 


De Musices effectu in doloribus 

De Mania. 
De Fluore Albo. 


De Hysteria. 


De Veninis. 
De Diabete. 
De Spasmo. 



Joan. Murdock Logan, Bostoniens. 

Joannes R. B. Rodgers, M.B., 

Americanus. De 
6ulielmu9 Spooner, Americanus. De 

Jacobus Lyons, Virginiensis. De 

Caspar Wistar, Pennsylvaniensis. De 

■Tacobu9 Skelton Gilliam, Virgin. De 

(. irgius Monro, Delavariensis. De 

Joan. Ilannem Gibbous, Pennsylv. De 
Samuel Latham Mitchell, Americ. !)<■ 

Utero gravido. 
Morbo Venereo. 

Ascite Abdominali. 

Animo demisso. 

Suffocations stridula. 
vestitu laneo. 

Genitura novi animalis. 

Robertus Walker, Virginiensis. 
1 1 iel Moores, Marilaudicus. 
Euli( Imus Ham. Nbvo-Ebo 

raci ( livis. 
Augustinus Smith, Virginiensis. 
foannes Smith, Reipublicae Geor- 
( "ivis. 

Bichardus Sharpe Kissam, Americ. 

... XLII. 


I )e Cyanche Maligna. 

De Febre remittente Marilandica. 

De Rachitide. 
De Morbillis, 

Du Liheumatismo Acuto. 

162 American Graduates in Medicine at Edinburgh. [April, 

Jacobus Moultrie, Americanus. De operatione et usu Emeticorum. 

Gulielmus Handy, Americanus. De nutrirnine Foetus humani. 

Josephus Nicholes Wilson, Americ. De Tetano. 


De puerperarum Febre. 
De Typho. 
De Dysenteria. 


Geo. Pitt Stevenson, Maryland. 
Alexander Schaw Feild, Virgin. 
Jacob. Box Young, Georgiensis. 

Ricard. Field, Virginiensis. 

Sara. Wilson, Virginiensis. 
Gul. Bird Lewis, Virginiensis. 
Jacobus Drew M'Craw, Virginiensis. 
Joannes Weems, Marylandiensis. 
Philippus Syng Physic, Phil ad el. 
Carolus Meriwether, Virginiensis. 
David Corbin Ker, Virginiensis. 

Carter Berkeley, Virginiensis. 
Carolus .Minor, Virginiensis. 
Franciscus I Ian-is, Virginiensis. 
Joannes rrvine Troup, Americanus. 
Robertus Beverley Spratt, Virgin. 
Jacobus Dubois, Americanus. 

De Menorrhagia. 


De Variolis. 

De Dysenteria. 

De Rheumatismo Acuto. 

De Amenorrhoca. 

De Apoplexia. 

De Pneumonia. 

De Ilypochondriasi. 


De Corpore Ilumano. 

De Typho. 

De Rubeola. 

D>' Vennibus. 

I)-' Febre In&rmittente. 

De Phrenitide Idiopathic^. 

Georgius Hall, Americanus. De Diabete. 

Perry Eccleston Noel, Americanus. De Angina Tracbeali. 

Robertus Wilson, Americanus. 

Joannes Brockenbrough, Virgin. 
Daniel Proudfit, Americanus. 
Jacobus William, Americanus. 
Ed ward us Fisber, Virginiensis. 

De Cholera. 


De Rabie Canina. 
De Variola. 

De Scarlatina Anginosa. 
De Febre Flava. 

David Walker, Virginiensis. 
Jacobus Jones, Virginiensis. 
Joannes Adams. Virginiensis. 
Franciscus Peyton, Virginiensis. 

Jacobus Greenhow, Virginiensis. 


De Inflammatione. 

De Tetano. 

De Suspensa Respiratione. 

De Dysenteria. 


De Dyspepsia. 

Robertus Downman, Virginiensis. De Puerperarum Peritouitide. 

Sims White, Americanus. De Epilepsia. 

Robertus M'Kewn Haig, American. De Rheumatismo. 
Joannes Taliaferro, Americanus. De Diseta. 

Joannes Randolph Archer, Virgin. De Igne. 

1888.] American Graduates in Medicine at Edinburgh. 1G3 

Jacobus Sackett Stringham, Amer. 

Bathurstus Randolph, Virginiensis. 
Eichardu8 Bedon Screven, Americ. 
Joannes Watson, Ameiicanus. 
Jacobus Ilanscome, Americanus. 
Alexander Baron, Caroliuensis. 
Thomas Akin, Americanus. 
Boiling Stark, Virginiensis. 

Joannes Boswell Bott, Virginiensis 
Richardus Everard Meade, Virg. 
Joannes Fitzgerald, Virginiensis. 

Archibaldus Bruce, Americanus. 
Joannes Ilodires, Virginiensis. 

Thomas Stock, Americanus. 

De Systemate Absorbentium. 
De Respiratione. 
De Gradibus Vitaj Humanae. 
De Dysenteria. 
De Tetano. 

De Febre Intermittente. 
De Kabie Canina. 
De Animalium et Terra natorum 


De Hydrocephalo Acuto. 
De Mensibus. 
De Diabete. 


De Vaccina. 
De Oxygen io. 


De Ilepatitide. 

Georgius Vinson Proctor, Americ. De 
Joseph us Gulielmus Maxwell, Am. Do 
Paulus Weston, Americanus. De 

Georgius Paddon Bond ILisell, Am. De 
Georgius Daniel Spratt, Virgin. De 

Jacobus Dabney, Virginiensis. De 

Theodoricus Blair Banister, Virgin. De 

Jacobus Maury Morris, Virgin. De 

Samuel Stuart Griffin, Americanus. De 

Joannes Raines Lucas, Americanus. De 

Jo. Wrag, Ameiicanus. De 

Jo. Taj lor, Virginiensis. De 

Jo. Wharton, Virginiensis, De 


Jac. Low, Novo-Lbor. De Tetano. 

Jo. Grimkie, Americanus. De 

Fran. Hunter, Americanus* Do 

Gul. J. Ball, Americanus. Do 


Gul. Gibson, Americanus. Do 

Gnl. Bruce Almon, Americanus. Do 

Ua\ aid. Americanus. I )•• 

J". B *j ichan. Virginiensis. De 

J". Watt, Americanus. 1 > 

Jac. V< / . Novo-Eboi De 

Gnl. Boweu, Americanus. De 




Peritonitide Puerperarum. 


Cynache Tracheal i. 

Aqua? frigidae usu externo. 

Cynanche Maligna. 
Hydrocephalo Acuto. 

Foetus Nutrimento. 
Hominum Vaiietatibus. 




Porma Ossium. 

( ralvanismo. 


( liborum assimulatione. 
Morbo Coxario. 
A n< in ismate. 
Sanguine mittendo. 

164 American Graduates in Medicine at Edinburgh. [April, 

Gul. D. Selby, Arnericanus. De Pneumonia. 

Ad. H. Hoope, Nova Eboracen. De Vita. 

Laur. Lacy, Arnericanus. De Scorbuto. 

Alex. G. Mitchell, Virginiensis. De Nervorum distentionibus. 

Jo. Revere, Arnericanus. De Insania, 

Jacobus Colquhoun, Arnericanus. De Inflammatione. 

181 G. 
Gaul Ewing, Corolineus. De Ophthalmia. 

Tho. 11. Maddox, Arnericanus. De Febre Flava. 

Andrea- F. Holmes. De Tetano. 

Thomas F. Andrews, Arnericanus. De Vasis Absorptione Servientibus. 
Daniel Burton, Arnericanus. De Diabete Mellito. 

Jacobus E. De Kay, Arnericanus. De Ecrosis Scaturigine in Experi- 

mentis Physiologicis. 

Samuel Annan. Arnericanus. De Apoplexia Sanguinea. 

Thomas Young Simons, Arnericanus. De Somno. 


Elliot O'Donnell. Arnericanus. De Febre Continua. 

Robertus Lindsay Milligan, Americ. De Potu Assimilando. 

Samuel Georgius Morton, Americ. De Corporis Dolore. 

Franciscus Boott, Arnericanus. De Hydrocephalo. 


Joannes Jacobus Mitchell, Americ. De Scarlatina. 

Joannes Burton, Arnericanus. De Pneumonia. 

Gulielmus S. Scott, Arnericanus. De Tuberculis. 

Henricus Buist, Arnericanus. De Cynanche Tracheali. 

Arthurus Jacobus Beaumont, Am. De Mania. 

Ricardus Allan, Arnericanus. De Febre Intermittente. 

Georgius P. Peters, Arnericanus. De Empyemate. 

Joannes Forbes, Inneraiity, e Mobile On Rubeola. 

Gulielmus Stirling, ex America On Diabetes Mellitus. 


1888.] Letter of Dr. James TJtacher. 165 

Harry Peters, ex America Septen. On Cancer. 
Alexander Rowand, ex Am. Septen. On Uterine Haemorrhage. 
Robertas Tomes, ex Amer. Septen. On the Mind as a Morbific, Prophy- 
lactic and Therapeutic Agent. 

Jacobns Barnston, ab Amer. Septen. On Scarlatina. 

Jacobns Dickson Hunter, ab Amer. On Psoriasis and Lepra. 

Jonnes Curtis Jones, Americanus. On the Nature and Treatment of 

Gulielmus Spalding, Americanus. On the Mechanism of Vesicular 

George Blyth Weston, S. Carolina. On Yellow Fever. 


Communicated by the Rev. Roswell Randall Hoes, of Lambertville, N. J. 

Plymouth [Mass.] Decem r 28 th 1825. 
Dear Sir, 

I have lately received a letter from Col. Pickering wishing to be in- 
formed whether I- or any gentleman of my acquaintance was present when 
Gen 1 Washington addressed the officers in March 1783 on the subject of 
the Newburgh anonymous letters. The reason of his inquiry is this. Gen 1 
Armstrong has published in a magazine the following very extraordinary 
story to exculpate himself from the blame of writing the letters. That 
just at the time of the appearance of the letters in camp Gen 1 Washington 
received a letter from a member of Congress from Virginia informing him 

o Co 

of a plot to overturn our Republican government and to oust him from the 
command of the Army * and what is still more extraordinary Robert Mor- 
ris, Gouverneur Morris and Alexander Hamilton were the grand conspira- 
tors !!! Further that when Washington delivered his address he read that 
letter and commented upon it before the assembled officers. Armstrong 
endeavors to represent this letter, and not the anonymous ones as the basis 
of or as influencing Washington's conduct on that occasion. Now Col. 
Pickerii g himself standing beside of Washington all the time 

and is absolutely certain that no such letter was ever read or mentioned. 
He has written to Armstrong on the subject, but he still persists in the 
absurd story. I was not. present at that time, but I will esteem it as a 
favor if you will inform me by the next mail whether you was there and 
her you recollect anything about such a circumstance. How incon- 
that the two Morris 1 and Hamilton should conspire 
again»t Washington. He had no better friends. 

I am respectfully your hum 1 serv* Ja.mi ;8 THACHEB. 

[Address:] — Judah Alden Esq" 



-t, "> rim 



<> ^ * / j?i$>5 

1888.] Chart of Cape Cod. 16*7 


Communicated by Capt. Charles IIlryky Townshend, of " Raynham," 

New Haven, Ct. 

^I^IIE reproduction on the opposite page, showing the Cape Cod 
-I region, has more than ordinary interest. It is traced from an 
early chart {sans date) of the New England coast deposited in the 
Public Record Office, London. It was found by the writer while 
searching for original material to embellish his Commercial History 
of Long Island Sound. 

This fac-simile shows about one-eighth of the original projection 
from Cape Briton Island and to the Renslow Hills, which are located 
about the position of the Highlands of Nave-Sinke in New Jersey, 
in latitude 40° 25" North and longitude 73° 45" West, and being 
the most southern point laid down on this chart, which we judge 
was constructed by a Hydrographical Survey party of British officers 
between the years 1720 and 1730. The Coast Soundings both sides 
of Long Island around Martha's Vineyard and as far East as Nan- 
tucket, are laid down fairly accurate as far east as the South Shoal 
of Nantucket, showing (about) 18 miles S. S. E. of this Island in 
latitude 40° 25" N. and longitude 09° 20" W., only four feet with 
fine sand and shells. 

In this reproduction is plainly laid down a passage through the 
towns of Eastham, Orleans and Chatham on Cape Cod, used in 
early colonial times by small vessels and pinnaces making voyages 
between the Bay of Maine and Virginia, and shown on the early 
chart made by Schipper Cornells Hendricxsen, of Munnichendam, 
Holland, and his colleague Adraen Block, the latter in command 
of the "Restless," and first explorer of Long Island Sound in 1614, 
and also used by Capt. Thomas Dermer in 1619, while making a 
boat passage from Monahiggan to Virginia. These voyagers and the 
well sustained tradition from the Eaton and Davenport settlers, whe 
came to Quinnipiac in 1638-9, via a passage across Cape Cod, have 
now abundant proof of the then existence of this passage, and of its 
remaining open until after 1717, as marginal notes on the chart 
show, mentioning the loss of the pirate ship " Whido," Bellamie 
commander, in April, 1717.* I have French and American charts 
lowing this passage. 

Again we have in the Register, vol. xvnr. pp. 37- hi, an ac- 
count of the discovery of an ancient ship which was exhumed by the 
action of the sea, May 6th, 1863, near the passage in the town of 
Orleans. These, with the investigation of Prof. Agassiz, give con- 

* Sec Hutchinson's 1 1 . Bay, Vol. n. p. 223; also Collections of Mass. Hist.Soc, 

1 Scries, Vol. in. p. 120. 

168 American Bunker Hill Prisoners. [April, 

elusive and positive evidence of the now closed-up passage across 
Cape Cod. I have been told by Capt. William Foster, of Brew- 
ster, that the passage was closed up more than 100 years ago dur- 
ing a furious gale of wind. 

On the chart from which this section is taken, the coasts towns 
are briefly noticed. The entrance over Sandy Hook Bar gives 
soundings of three fathoms, and New York is noted as a " very fine 
and large city — good roads and harbor and a place of great trade 
with many farms adjoining." Long Island Sound is shown as a 
narrow arm of the sea, and off Sands Point " ye tydes of flood 
parteth at ; and at White Stone then runneth East and West." The 
Stratford Shoal Grounds, now marked with a lighthouse called 
" Sand Banks," then probably dry, except at high water, and when 
visited by Block in 1614, there were two islands called "De Veers." 
New Haven town, showing a church and several houses, is mentioned 
as "on a small river with many good farms," and the rf Iron Works " 
has importance enough to be noticed alone, and on a river of con- 
siderable magnitude. The Thimbles are called " One Hundred 
Islands," and Faulkner's Island called " Falcon's Island." The 
Connecticut river, " a place of great trade — many vessels built and 
much copper ore," and at New London Mr. Winthrop's house is 
plainly located, a church, with houses, also the fine harbor noted. 

This chart has data enough noted upon it to form the basis of a 
most interesting article, which the writer proposes to give at a later 



By the Hon. Samuel A. Gbeen, M.D., of Boston, Mass. 

IN "The New-England Chronicle: or, The Essex Gazette" 
(Cambridge), September 14, 1775, is given a list of American 
prisoners, who had been taken by the English at the Battle of 
Bunker Hill, and confined in Boston jail, with their places of abode. 
This list was copied by Peter Edes, and it appears on the last page 
of his Diary, now a rare pamphlet which was printed at Bangor, 
Maine, in the year 1837. Mr. Henry H. Edes, of Charlestown, 
informs me that he owns a copy, as well as the original manuscript 
of the journal. The list was reprinted from Edes's Diary in the Reg- 
ister (xix. 2(33) for July, 1865, but with so many omissions and 
inaccuracies that I am constrained to send a corrected one. From 
the Diary it appears that Capt. Benjamin Walker died on August 
15. John Gill, printer, mentioned in the last paragraph, was the 
partner of Peter Edes's father, under the style of Edes and Gill. 


American Bunker Hill Prisoners, 


confined in Boston Goal, for no other 
of their Country, was brought out of 

TJie following Lists of the Persons now 
Crime than that of being the Friends 
Boston a few Bags since. 

Prisoners taken at Bunhe 

Lieut. Col. Parker of 

Capt. Benjamin Walker 

Lieut. Amaziah Fasset 

Lieut. William Scott 

Serjeant Robert Phelps 

Phineas Nevers 

Oliver Stevens 

Daniel M'Grath 

John Perkins 

Jacob Frost 

Amasa Fisk 

Daniel Sessions 

Jonathan Norton 

Philip Johnson Peck 

Benjamin Billow 

Benjamin Wilson 

Archibald M'Jntosh 

David Kemp 

John Deland 

Lawrence Sullivan 

Timothy Kettle (a Lad, dismissed) 

William Robinson 

Benjamin Ross 

John Dillon 

One unknown 

William Kench 

James Dodge 

William Rollinson 

John Lord 

[James Milliken 

Stephen Foster 

Dead 20. 

Rifle-Men Prisoners. 
Walter Cruse Taken York County, Pennsylvania. 

John Brown Ditto Ditto. 

Cornelius Tunison deserted from the American Camp, and confined for 

attempting to get back. 

Prisoners, Inhabitants of Boston, Sept. 2. 
Master Lovell, imprisoned G5 Days, charged with being a Spy, and giving 

Intelligence to the Rebels. 
Mr. Leach, 65 Days, charged with being a Spy, and suspected of taking 

Mr. Peter Kdes, son of Mr. Benjamin Edcs, Printer, and Mr. William 

Starr, 7~> Days each, for haying Fire Arms concealed in their Houses. 
Mr. John Gill, Printer, 29 Days, for printing Treason, Sedition and 


VOL. XLII. 16 

r's Bill, June 17, 
































Bill erica 













Ashford, Connect 


Jersey, Old-Eng. 




Edenburgh, Scot. 










Alive 10. 

Dismissed 1 

170 Wentworth Genealogy — Councillor* Paul. [April, 


By Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago. 

THE histories of New Hampshire, of Dartmouth College, and the 
Wentworth Genealogy, make allusion to Paul Wentworth, who 
was one of Gov. John Wentworth's council, and was generally spo- 
ken of as Paul Wentworth of London.* Gov. Wentworth in his 
last return to the Home Government, dated March 30, 1775, says : 
Paul Wentworth, resident in Loudon; uot yet sworn in, appointed in 

In one of Gov. Wentworth's letters lie expresses a desire to have 
him made Lieutenant Governor. His name is mentioned in several 
New Hampshire land grants, in one of which his name is coupled with 
that of William Wentworth of Barbadoes, West Indies. In 1789 
Dartmouth College conferred the degree of LL.D. upon him. He 
had a large estate in Surinam, where he died in December, 1793. 

Rev. William Perkins 7 Apthorpe (971-3 of the Wentworth Gen- 
ealogy) writes from Tallahassee, Florida, 13 March, 1873, that 
this Paul Went worth created an annuity for Mr. Apthorp's grand-j 
mother, Bister of Lady Wentworth. Rev. Mr. Apthorp also says 
the plantation where Paul Wentworth died was called Kleinhope, 
and was some distance up the river from Parimaribo. Rev. Jlich- 
ard Austin, of the Church of England, owned the plantation at latest 


This exhausted my information until I caused a search of the Bar- 
badoes records for Wentworths. The records begun with 1G40, 
The following are the entries relating to the name ; 


Sept. 3, 1671. Hugh. 

August 20, 1750. William. 

Sept. 29, 1786. James Sims. 

August 21, 1707. William. 

Sept 14, 1809. Jane. 

May 8, 1810. Frances. 

March 19, 1839. Sarah Ann, aged 20. 

Sept. 20, 1840. Timothy, aged 84 yrs. 

Jan'y 6, 1861. Deborah Esther, aged 72 yrs. 

Dec'r 3, 1878. Mary, aged 84 yrs. 


Feb'y 21, 1864. Katherine, daughter of William and Jane Wentworth, 
Sept. 26, 1866. Jaue Sims, daughter of William and Jaue. 

* For a sketch of his life, see Wentworth Genealogy, vol. in. pp. 7 to 13. 

1888.] 'Wenticorth Genealogy. — Councillor Paul. 171 

Feb'y 25, 18G8. Susannah, daughter of William and Jane Wentworth. 
May 20, 1870. Nathaniel Paul, sob of William and Jane. 

(May this not be the nephew Paul spoken of in the Wentworth 
Gen., Vol. in. and p. 12 ?) 
Aug. *21, 1871. Catharine Sims, daughter of William and Jane. 

'. 1836. Hamlet Price, son of John and Mary Wentworth. 
Nov. 2 I. Richard Albert Immanuel, son of Rebecca W. 

I' :.\- 18, 1853. Aubrey St. John, son of Elizabeth J. and George W. 
June 5, 1864. Stephen Hathaway Hoy, son of George Hoy and Eliza- 
beth Jane Wentworth. 

John Grandeville, son of John M. and Caroline W. 
Dec. 12, 1866. Mary Adelaide, daughter of II. P. and S. Wentworth. 
(Prol ably Hamlet Price and Susannah.) 

Oct. 26, 1864. Hamlet Price. 
June "J 1. 1868. Margaretta Lucretia. 
Jul >. Bertha. 

July 6, 1870. Lama Eletia. 
Oct. 17, 1872. Judith. 
Julv 1, 1874. Esther Augusta. 
Tb ix are childreu of Hamlet P. and Susannah Wentworth. 

April 26, 1882. Maria Wentworth, daughter of Hamlet P. and Ma- 
tilda Wentworth. 


March 6, 1738. William Wentworth to Miss (name obliterated in 

Record — perhaps Elizabeth). 
Jan'y 24, 1763. William Wentworth to Jane Weeks. (Was this latter 
William the son of the former, there being 2o years difference in 
their marriages ?) 

innah Wentworth to Rev. Richard Austin. 
>'y L0, 11 Catharine Sims Wentworth to William Smith. 

ly -. 1840. John Wentworth to Belinda (name obliterated). 

. 1842. Rebecca Wentworth to Samuel Jones. 
12. Timothy Wentworth to Charlotte Goodridge. 
D . 22, . - ; . Mary Wentworth to Frederick Cromarte. 
June 24, 1852. George Hoey Wentworth to Elizabeth Jane Braith- 

2. Hester Elizabeth Wentworth to P. A. Husban 
Feb'y 14, 1 Hamlet Price, son of John Merrill Wentworth, mar- 

ried Susannah Neblatt, daughter of Henry James Neblatt. 
July 23, 1864. John Murell, son of John" Murell Wentworth, married 
Catharine McClure. 


I. 30, page 99. William Wentworth, will dated August 23d, 1750, 
n :i Paul by Elizabeth his deceased wife. He died Aug 

. 52, pag William Wentworth, will dated 10 July. 1707, 

f>0 guilders to the poor of Surinam, to hie wife Jane (probably Jane 
whom he married January "_M. 1763) a legacy of 100 guineas left 
him by will of Paul Wentworth ; the residue of his estate here (or in Sur- 
inam under the will of Paul Wentworth) to his said wile and his daughl 

172 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Johannah, wife of Rev. Richard Austin (married Dec. 19, 179G) and Cathe- 
rine Sims (born 3 Feb. 1764, who afterwards, Feb. 10, 1798, married Wil- 
liam Smith) equally. He died August 21, 1797. His wife Jane died May 
8, 1810. 

Councillor Paul "Wentworth died at Surinam in December, 1793, 
This explains why the will of William Wentworth, 1797, alludes to 
property left by Paul without giving the relationship. Nor can we 
ascertain the relationship between the two Williams, abstracts of 
whose wills are printed above. The first William, however, calls 
Paul his son, whilst the second William alludes to property acquired 
through Paul deceased. Between these wills is the difference in 
years between 1750 and 1797, and in the records between Vol. 30 
and Vol. 52. So it is possible that the second William may have been 
a son of the first William and a brother of Paul. This would make 
Johannah Wentworth, the wife of Rev. Richard Austin, who was 
living on the estate of Paul at last dates, the niece of Councillor 


By Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from page 73.] 
Harvard and Sadler {ante, vol. xxxix. p. 283.) 

The following is only another, though a very marked, evidence of the 
friendly interest taken in my work hy my fellow workers in the Somerset 
House. Hardly a day passes, in fact, that I do not have occasion to ex- 
press my gratitude for some new genealogical fact brought to my notice 
by my friends here. 

It was to Mr. Dunkin that I was indebted for the extract from the "Bish- 
op's Register, showing the date of institution of Mr. Sadler at Ringmer, 
and the extract from the parish register giving the date of his induction, 
confirming, in the latter respect, the notes of Burrell which I had copied 
in the British Museum. Henry F. Waters. 

Kenwyn House, Kidhrooke Park, Blacfcheath, 
17 Feb. 1888. 
Dear Mr. : 

Knowing the interest that is felt in the Harvard pedigree by yourself and oth- 
ers, 1 feel sure you will be glad to know that I have recently had the good fortune 
to find, in contemporary records, the exact date and place of marriage of John Har- 
vard to Anne Sadler, daughter of John Sadler, vicar of Ringmer — facts which have 
hitherto baffled the patient and diligent inquiries of genealogists. 

The following extracts will speak for themselves. The first is a marriage license 
from the archives of the see of Chichester, while the second is the entry of mar- 
riage in the parish register of South Mailing near Lewes, a parish adjacent to Ring- 
mer, where John Sadler was beneficed. 

[i.] "xviij : Apri: preel (i.e. 1636) Quo die magi' Anthonius Hug- 
gett Cticus in artibus magi' Surr' : &c. Concessit liam mro Esdra? , 
Coxall Ciico Curato de Southmalling sive eius iocu tenenti Cui- 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


cunque ad soleiTi mrioniii in eadem Ecctia inter JoTiera Harvard 
Ciicum poe St 1 . Olavi iuxta London et Annam Sadler de Ringmer 
puel p r stito prius Jufament' ad sancta &c. r) dcum Harvard nil im- 
pcdiuienti racoe consanguiii affiii p r eont) vel alterius Cause Cuius- 





cunque de Jure phibito de eius sci- 
entia obsistere seu intervenire posse 
quomiiius mrioniu inter eos Itiiue 
Bolem Obligantur Idem Johannes 
Cticus et Samuel Jeames de Glinde 
yeoman in C Ij: " 

[ii.] "Maryed the 19 day of 
Aprill 163G. M r . John Harvard of 
the pish of S 4 . Olives, neere London, 
and Anne Sadler of Ringmer." 

I am desirous that this discovery 
should be made known to your Ameri- 
can genealogical friends, and 1 think 
there is no better medium than your 
own " Gleanings," in which perhaps 
you will not mind inserting this letter. 
1 am, dear Mr. Waters, 
Yours very truly, 

E. 11. \V. Dunkin. 

[Thomas Harvard, brother of Rev. John, 
in his will {ante, xxxix. 277) calls him- 
self of the parish of " Saint Olave in 
Sou t Invar ke in the county of Surrey." 
It will be noted that John Harvard is de- 
scribed as of that parish in the above 
records found by Mr. Dunkin. Thomas 
Harvard describes himself also as " Citi- 
zen and Olothworker of London." A 
little over two years ago the records of the 
Clothworkers' Company of London were 
searched for entries relating to him, and 
those of his being bound an apprentice 
and his admission to the freedom of the 
company were found. An English cor- 
respondent of the New York Nation, 
April 8, 1880, writing from Cambridge, 
Eng., March 22 of that year, says : " The 
records of Clothworkers' Company show 
that Thomas Harvarde bound himself an 
apprentice to William Coxc for eight 
years from June 24, 1027. I give the 
entry, extending the abbreviated Latin 
of the original : 

"'Thomas Harvarde films Roberti 
nuper de S tutbwarke in com i tat u Surrey 
lanii defuncti posuit seipsum Apprenti- 
cinm Willielmo ( '<>x<: ( ivi & < 'lothwnrker 

London par Octo Annos A festo Nativi- 
tatis Sancti Johannis Baptistaa preterite 
Datum undecimo Septembria Ki - J7.' 
(Apprentice Book, 1606-1641.)" 

Thomas Harvard was admitted a free- 
man of the Company December 3, 1634, 
as is shown by an entry found in tho 

accounts of Henry Browne, Quarter War- 


174 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [April, 

den, 1634-1635. Printed fac-similes of these entries were sent to me by a friend 
in England, April 16, 1886, and they are reproduced in the margin on the preceding 

The writer just quoted, noting the fact that Harvard was admitted to the 
freedom of the Company before eight years had expired, says : " The explana- 
tion is that he had fulfilled the term of seven years, which was all that the 
use and custom of the city of London required." 

Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes presented to the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
February JO, 1887, similar printed facsimiles of both of these entries. See Pro- 
ceedings Mass. Hist. Soc, 2d series, vol. in. p. 221. The record of Thomas Har- 
vard being bound an apprentice is found in the Kegister of Apprentices Bound, 

An autograph of Thomas Harvard and another autograph of his brother John, 
have recently been discovered attached to a document dated July 25, 1635, found 
among the muniments of the Hospital of St. Katherine near the Tower of London. 
See Kegister, ante, pp. 109-110. — Editor.] 

Catherine Wilson, wife of Alexander Wilson of St. Martin le Grand 
of London, taylor, 25 November 1583, proved at London 9 January 1583. 
J give and bequeath unto Alexander Wilson my only husband that part, 
parcel! and portion that I, Katherine Wilson, bad given and bequeathed 
unto me by my own uncle Edmond Grindall, late Archbishop of Canter- 
bury deceased, with all my right and interest that I, the said Katherine 
Wilson, bad or by any ways might have had hereafter to whatsoever part 
or parcel] and portion of the residue of my said uncle's will and goods by 
any ways or means howsoever, in as large and ample manner as it doth 
appear in his will more plainly, and make executor of my said will my said 
husband Alexander Wilson. Butts, 20. 

Gut BrisCOWE of the parish of Sundriche in the County of Kent, 
clerk. 26 May L594, proved 1 March 1594. To my godehild Lawrence 
Gascony three shillings four pence. To all the rest of my godchildren 
twelve pence apiece. To my father, Edward Briscowe, of Crostananby 
in the Co. of Cumberland, if he be living, ten shillings. To my sister 
Margaret in the said county ten shillings. To my sister-in-law Mistress 
Isabel Wilson ten shillings. To my daughter Mary Briscowe three score 
pounds &c; to my daughter Anne Briscowe fifty pounds, to my daughter 
Isabel Briscowe fifty pounds, to every of my said daughters at their several 
of twenty years or at their several days of marriage. To my eldest 
son Thomas, forty pounds, and if all my lands are sold, other forty pounds. 
To my second son Edward fifty pounds. To my third son William fifty 
pounds. To my fourth son John fifty pounds. To the child my wife now 
goeth withal fifty pounds. Provision made in case of death of any of them. 

Item I give and bequeath unto my loving wife Mary Briscowe daughter 
of William Willson, late of New Windsor in the County of Berks, de- 
ceased, &c all my lands and tenements with their appurtenances whatsoever 
within this realm of England to the only intent and purpose that she my 
said wife shall sell the same by the advice of my overseer or overseers of 
this my last will and testament hereafter named for the payment of the said 
legacies and of my said childrens' portions. If my wife die before my 
said lands be sold &c. then they shall be sold by my loving brother-in-law 
William Wilson, clerk, for the same purpose &c. And if he die &c. then 
these lands shall be sold by my loving cousin Alexander Briscowe of Watt- 
ford, besides Aldenham, in the County of Hartford &c. And if the said 
Alexander die &c. then my loving cousins Edward and Robert Briscowe, of 
the parish of Aldnam (Aldenham) aforesaid &c. The residue to wife 
Mary, whom I make sole executrix &c. I nominate constitute and appoint 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 175 

my said brother-in-law William TYillson, clerk, governor and gardiner of 
my said daughter Mary Briscowe. Scott, 20. 

Edmund Wilson of the parish of S* Mary Bowe, in London, Doctor in 
Phisick, 28 September, 1633, with a codicil dated 30 Sept. 1633, proved 11 
Oct. 1633 by William Taylor one of the executors, power reserved for John 
Wilson, the other. I bequeath my soul unto the lord my Creator, Redeemer 
& Comforter, my body to the earth to the great day. And concerning my 
burial my will is that my funeral shall be by night and decently accompa- 
nied by such kindred, physicians, friends and patients as may be thought fit 
to be nominated and will come to my burial and my will is that there shall 
be no manner of mourning at my burial either by my executors nor kin- 
dred nor any other. 

To M r Payne all debts he oweth unto me and five pounds. To Anthony 
Medcalfe five pounds and to Martha his wife forty shillings. To Bartholo- 
mew Edwards of Alderman bury twenty pounds. I do remit to M r Edward 
Alman of Cambridge the eight pounds he oweth me and give him twenty 
pounds as a testimony of my love & requital of his presents in my life time. 
I remit to my cousin William Briscoe the ten pounds he owes me, and give 
him ten pounds which my brother William Taylor owes to me by bond 
made in his name and also I give him the said bond. I remit to my cou- 
sin Blissenden the five pounds he oweth unto me and I give unto her five 
pounds more. I give unto my cousin Ilaies for his son twenty pounds. To 
Mr. Leech five pounds for his pains at my burial. To M r Vocher five 
pounds. To my servant Robert twenty nobles. To my servant Geoffrey 
twenty pounds. To my maid servant Grace (money, bedding &c). To 
mv man Robert my old coloured rideing cloak lined with baize & my col- 
oured cloth suit I wore at S l Albans. To cousin Daniel Taylor fifty shillings. 
I remit to my neighbor M r Ball the debt which he owes me. All the lega- 
cies before mentioned shall be discharged within six months after my death, 
or sooner if money come into my executor's hands. 

And whereas there is none of my kindred to whom I would enlarge my- 
self more than to my sister Taylor's children, if they had need, but because 
they have a loving & careful father & of good ability therefore I know what 
I Bhould give them would not much augment their portions. Nevertheless 
in remembrance of my love unto them 1 give them these legacies following, 
viz. To Margaret Taylor ten pounds, to Hanna Taylor ten pounds, to Ed- 
mund Taylor twenty pounds. Item I give and bequeath to William Raw- 
son one hundred & fifty pounds which legacy my executors shall retain in 
their hands and keep until the said William shall be recovered of his sick- 
ness and they, in the mean time to allow unto him the profits of the said 
v towards his maintenance. To Edward Rawson, my sister's son, one 
hundred pounds. To my brother Gibbs five pounds, and to my sister Gibbfl 
twenty pounds. To my cousin William Gibbs one hundred & fifty pounds &c. 
To Elizabeth Gibbs one hundred pounds, to be paid heron her day of mar- 
or age of one & twenty years. To my cousin Edmond Gibbs one 
hundred pounds, at the end of his apprenticeship, and thirty pounds more 
to bind him apprentice when such a master shall he provided as my execu- 
tors shall approve of &c. And my will is that none of the legacies of my 
■bter Gibbs' children shall lie dead but shall be bestowed & adventured in 
lome lease or annual rent or in some other respectable way with the ad- 
vice and consent of my sister Isabel Gibbs and of William Gibbs &c. And 
because my sister Summer's children have (by) many expressions of their 

176 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

love & respect to me " interessed " themselves in my favor I must not 
neglect them : therefore I give to my cousin Hart one hundred & fifty 
pounds &c, to my cousin Page one hundred pounds, to cousin Thomas 
Summers one hundred pounds. To my cousin Whitfield ten pounds, to 
Thomas Sheafe ten pounds, to cousin Edmond Sheat'e ten pounds, to cou- 
sin Grindall Sheafe ten pounds, to cousin Norwood ten pounds, to cousin 
Wesley ten pounds, to cousin Rebecca Ilaselrig ten pounds. To my sister 
Anne Wilson five pounds. To my brother Thomas Wilson forty pounds. 
I give to Elizabeth Wilson, wife to my brother John, in regard of her 
much pains & love towards me, the sum of thirty pounds and to cousin 
Edmond Wilson, son to my brother John, one hundred pounds. To M r 
Stevens the apothecary thirty pounds. 

Whereas by my father's will I should have given ten pounds to Lincoln 
College in Oxon and had a desire to present it with my own hand, but 
have no! bail opportunity so to do. my will is it shall be forthwith paid and 
moreover 1 give to the said college ten pounds. The rest and residue to be 
divided into three equal pails, two parts whereof to brother John Wilson's 
children. ajid the other third to brother Thomas Wilson's children. 

My brother John Wilson and brother in law M r William Taylor to be 
executors, and to each lifry pounds. The overseers to be my brothers in 
law I Sheafe Doctor of Divinity, and M r John Summers and M r 

Bartholmew Edwards oi Alderraanbury and to each of them twenty pounds, 
■ ■ is made to leases of house in Woodstreet, house at Charing 
I in Friday Street, lease of lands near Durham. To my cousin 

Edmond Wilson, my brother Thomas Wilson's son, my house and all my 
lands, tenements vV hereditaments Bituate in Parshur in the canity of Wor- 
ill my land- in the Isle of Bermudas, and to his heirs forever. 
To i, v Elizabeth {sic) Gibbs for and during the joint lives of the 

said I abi II and of my brother John Wilson one yearly annuity of ten 
I ds to be issuing, perceived and taken out of all my lands, tenement! 
and hereditaments in the counties of Hartford & Kent &c. And whereas 
I have given to my sister Isabel Gibbs ten pounds yearly ever since my 
father's death my will is the same shall continue. 

All my said messuages &c. in S* Albans in the county of Hertford and 
all my lands &c. in the county of Kent, with their appurtenances, chargea- 
ble with t\\^ said annuities, to my brother John Wilson during his natural 
life and after his decease to my brother Thomas Wilson and to my sister 
Isabel Gibbs (for their lives) then to my cousin Edmund Wilson, son of 
my brother John & his heirs. All the lands, hereditaments &c in Cha- 
ring in the County of Kent (let at fifty pounds per annum) to cousin John 
Wilson, my brother John's son, after decease of brothers & sister John, Tho- 
mas & Isabel as aforesaid. A provision insisting that brother Gibbs is not 
to intermeddle. To M r Nye, the minister, five pounds. To my executors 
further, to each sixteen pounds six shilling eight pence, to make their lega- 
cies one hundred marks. To my sister Margaret Taylor five pounds. 

The witnesses were Tho s Andrew, Nicholas Viuer, Jeffrey Wilson and 
Henry Colbron Scr. 

The codicil provides for M r Rolles, the minister, forty shillings, M r Davis, 
the minister, forty shillings, M r Smith, in or near Coleman St., twenty 
shillings, D r Clarke my horse, saddle & bridle, so that he use him himself 
& not suffer any other to ride him nor sell him to any other. I also give 
him my best beaver hat. To brother John Wilson and his eldest son all 
my physic, books with my notes of physick added to the same. The lega- 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 177 

cy to my cousin Edmond Sheafe to he made up fifty pounds. M r Votior's 
legacy to be made up ten pounds. To M r Foxley, minister, forty shillings. 
To my brother John my three heaver hats. To D r Fox three and a half 
yards of black satin for a doublet, and to D r Meverel the same. 

Wit : Bartholl: Edwards, Edmund Payne, William Gibbes, Rob* Step- 
pin ge bis mark. 

To M r Daves, the minister, twenty shilling more in regard of his pains 
taken with him before his death. 

Wit: Mare Hart. Russell, 89. 

Edmund Wilson, M.D., was the second son of the Rev. William Wil- 
son. D.D.. canon of Windsor and rector of Cliffe, in Kent, who died 14 th 
March. 1615, and was buried in S l George's chapel, AYindsor. Dr. Ed- 
mund Wilson was educated at Eton and at King's College, Cambridge, and 
in that university proceeded Doctor of Medicine. He was incorporated at 
Oxford. 12 th July 1014; was admitted a Candidate of the College of Phy- 
sicians 22 nd December 1615, and a Eeilow the same day. On the 18 th 
December, 1616, Dr. Wilson was installed canon of Windsor, but, because 
he was not ordained priest within a year following, he was deprived, and 
Dr. Godfrey Goodman succeeded, being installed 20 th December 1G17. Dr. 
Wilson practised his faculty for a few years at Windsor, but subsequently 
removed to London, was Censor in 1G23 and Anatomy Reader in 1G30. 
He died in the parish of S e Mary-le-Bow in September 1633. Dr. Ha- 
rney says of him: " Syphar hominis, nee facie minus quam arte Hippocrati- 
cus, nee facultate magis quam religionis titulo Celebris." 

The Roll of the Royal College of Phy- 
sicians of London, by William Munk, 
M.D., London, 1861, pp. 157-8. 

[The" " brother Gibbs " mentioned in Dr. Wilson's will, was Thomas Gibbs, of 
Windsor, second son of John and Mary Gibbs. By Isabella, daughter of the 
Rev. William Wilson, D.D., he had William, Edmund, Elizabeth and two other 
children ;i son and daughter) not named, according to Additional MS. 5507, in 
British Museum. In the same MS. (which is a copy of Philipot's Visitation of 
Kent, 16 19-1621, with additions by Hasted) is a pedigree of the Somer Family, of 
whom John, son of John Somer of St. Margaret's, is shown to have taken, for a first 
wi(<-. Elizabeth, daughter of William Wilson, 8.T.P., and to have hud issue by her. 
His second wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Anthony Dering of Charing. The Re- 
becca Haselrig, who was called cousin, was one of the daughters of Thomas Sheafe, 
of Windsor, and wife of Thomas Haselrig, of London, mercer, who was a brother 
of the famous Sir Arthur Haselrig (or Heselrigge) of Noseley, and third son of Tho- 
mas Heeelrigge of Noseley. (See Harleian MS. L476, British Museum.) — u. f. w. 

An abstract of the will of William Wilson, D.D., father of the above Dr. Ed- 
mund Wilfi >n of London, and of Rev. John Wilson of Boston, Mass.. will be found 
in the Register, vol. xxxviir. p. 306, with an account of the family appended. 
Abstracts and annotations of the wills of other relatives will be found in that vol- 
ume, pp. 301-12. — Editor. 

Munk's Roll of the Royal College of Physicians of London, from which is quoted 
ir.t of Dr. Edmund Wilson, the testator, contains also (page 227) an 
nt of Dr. Edmund W ilson, the eldest son of the Rev. John W ilson, of P> 

He is named in his uncle's will as "cousin Edmund Wilson BOD of my 
brother John." — Thomas Minns. J 

William Taylor citizen & haberdasher of London 20 March 1650 

proved 19 July 1651. To be buried in the parish church of Hacknay 
whereof 1 am a parishioner. Money to bo expended in mourning apparel 

for my well beloved wife and my son Samuel Taylor & my daughter Rebec- 
ca Taylor &c. To my son and heir Daniel Taylor ten pounds for a piece of 

178 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

plate and to Rebecca Taylor his wife forty shillings for a ring. To my 
second son Edmond Taylor five pounds to buy him a piece of plate, and to 
my two daughters Margaret Webb, wife of William Webb, grocer, & Ilanna 
Claxton, wife of Robert Claxton, mercer, forty shillings each for rings. 
These children have already received &c. My house in Paternoster Row, 
London, called the Three Nuns. Houses &c. at or near Charing Cross in 
the county of Middlesex. Reference to agreement made with the friends 
of Margaret my dearly beloved wife. Her lease of m< or tenements 

at or near Paul's Chain, lately purchased of Stephen Goodyeare & other 
estates. To wife Margaret all the firing which shall be remaining in my 
house at Hackney at my se. To my daughter in law Rebecca How- 

ard & to Mrs Malpas forty shillings t \ of my love. 

To my brother Robert Taylor, at the Summer Islands, forty shillings for a 
ring and forty shillings yearly during his natural life, and to his son Samuel 
Taylor, of New England, eight pounds Sec. To my sister Elizabeth Owen 
forty shilling- during her natural life and to live without paying rent 

in tlie house where she now liveth in the town & county of Bucks : her 
husband Roberl Owen to keep it in good repair. To Robert Owen the 
apprentice of my cousin Graunt ten pounds at his age of twenty two years. 
To my sister Martha Vocher, widow, five pounds and sixteen pounds year- 
ly for maintenance of h< i children. To Elizabeth Vocher, the blind 
daughter of my said sister and to Mary and Martha Vocher two other daugh- 
ters (certain bequests). Sundry other bequests. Residue of personal es- 
tate to you son Samuel Taylor and he to be executor. Wife Margaret 
and sons in law M r William Burrouffhes & M 1 ' Samuel Howard to be ever- 
seers vV to each ten pounds. Shop in Paternoster Row in parish of S' 
Faith's, London, called the Brood Hen, and a parcel of ground behind it 
whereupon part of the m • called the Bishop of London's palace was 
situate. Another tenement in Paternoster Row. in parish of S* Gregory's* 
formerly called the Golden Lyon and since the Three Cocks &c. all to son 
Samuel and his heirs. Failing heirs then the Brood Hen to sen Daniel 
and the Three Cocks t i d lu Taylor. To Samuel also, after 
death of my wife, the Thr< s of Elizabeth Owen 
the m in Buckingham in County Bucks, now in occupation of Rob- 
ert Owen. &c. House & land in Hackney, bought of M r Francis Coventry 
& wife, to son Samuel. Grey, 155. 

[William Taylor was the step-father and Daniel Taylor was a step-brother of 
Edward Rawson, secretary of the Colony of Massachu Register, vol. 

xxxvni. p. 310. The Samuel Taylor of New England, son of Robert Taylor of the 
Summer Islands, is supposed by U< 1. Joseph L. Chester to have been the i of 

: name v led at Ipswich, Maes., and whose will was proved June 29, 1695, 

ag< '1 SI See Suae Account of the Taylor Family by P. A. Taylor, London, 1875, 
p. 70. — Editor. 

William Taylor, the testator, had three wives. His second wife Margaret was 
sister of Rev. John Wilson, the first minister of Loston, and the mother, by a for- 
mer husi and, of Secretary Rawson. 

Her children by this marriage were a son Edmund Taylor, and daughters Marga- 
ret Webb and Hanna Claxton mentioned above. 

Sister Martha Vocher wis the second wife of Rev. Daniel Votier, Rector of St. 
Peter's Cheap, and was buried in that church, 4th May, 1651.— Thomas Minns.] 

Daniel Taylor of London, Esq., 22 February 1654, with codicil of 

28 Match, 10.35. Son William (under twenty one) and my three daugh- 
ters Katherine, Rebecca and Margaret. Brother master William Webb 
and Master Samuel Howard. Messuage in or near Paternoster Row, 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 179 

London, in occupation of. Israel Knowles Sec. Brother Howard. Brother 
Edmond Taylor and his heirs. Brother Samuel Taylor and his heirs. 

In codicil he names wife Margaret, mother Taylor, sister Margaret 
Webb (to be guardian of my children), sister Clarkson, brother Clarkson, 
sister Juxon and brother Juxon, brother and sister Howard, cousin Sarah 
Howard, cousin Matthew Howard, brother Burroughs, cousin Votier, cou- 
sin Martha Knolls, cousin Mary Singer, cousin William Taylor at Newcas- 
Aunt Owen at Buckingham, cousin Timothy Owen, cousin Anne 
Graunte, cousin Katherine Busby the elder and her daughter Katherine 
Busby (under twenty one & unmarried). To my brother Edward Raw- 
son in New England ten pounds. To father and mother Locke, cousin 
Tucker (to buy her a ring). My two partners & brothers R >bert Clark- 
son iuel Howard. To cousin Timothy Owen to be laid out for wife 
c^. children of his brother Robert Owen. To cousin Temperance Pratt, 
to aunt Gibbs forty shillings for a ring, to cousin Nicholas Juxou & to 
others. Mark Ilildesley Esq. late alderman of London, sole executor. 

The above will was proved 28 April, 1655. Aylett, 3-48. 

[Daniel Taylor was the son of William Taylor by his first wife. — Tnou.vs Minns,] 

Sir Edmond Andros, of Guernsey, and now residing in the parish of 
S 1 Anne, in the Liberty of Westminster, in the County of Middlesex, 19 
July 1712, proved 8 March 1713, by John Andros Esq., executor. My 

y to be decently buried without ostentation. I give one hundred pounds 
for the placing of ten poor children to be apprentices to some Trader &c, 
i. e. ten pounds for each child. I am entituled to two several annuities of 
fifty pounds per annum, payable out of the Exchequer, by virtue of an Act 
of Parliament; these I leave to Dame Elizabeth my wife, during the term 
of her natural life ; and one hundred pounds to her immediately after my 
death: these bequests in lieu of a jointure and in full recompence of her 
dower. After her death these two annuities shall go to my executor. I 
give the sum of two hundre 1 pounds which is due me by bond from Tho- 

is Cooper, near Maidstone, in Kent, taken in the name of my late sister 
in law Mrs Hannah Crispe, au 1 all the interest that shall be due there- 
upon, unto Christopher Clapham Esq r ., son of my late dear deceased wife, 
if I do not, in some other manner, give or secure to the said Christopher 
Clapham the said debt of two hundred pounds and interest. I give to Ed- 
win Wiat Esq ant at Law, if he shall survive me, and, in case of his 
h before me, to his executors, administrators or assigns, the sum of 
three hundred pound, which is due and owing to me by mortgage made 
from Mrs Mary Hurt unto my said late wife, by the name of Elizabeth 
Clapham, widow, &c., upon condition that the said Serg* Wiat shall pay 

. unto the said Christopher Clapham Esq. the sum of two hundred 

uds. To my niece Elizabeth, the daughter of my late brother John 

Andros, d< . the sum of two hundred pounds, and to Ann, another 

ighter, one hundred pounds. To my nephew, Caesar, a son of my said 
brother John, one hundred pounds; to Edmund, another Bon, the yearly 
Bum of twenty pounds for his maintenance, and to William, another son, 
the sum of one hundred pounds. To my nephew Geo »n of my late 

brother George, deceased, all my estate and interest in the Island of Al- 
md also five hundred pounds (with other property). To my 
A.nne Lemesurier, daughter of my said late brother George Andros, 

the .sum of one hundred pounds. To C'asar Knapton, gentleman, (certain 
sums due from him). To William Le Merchant, son of my late niece, 

180 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

Elizabeth Le Merchant, deceased, the sum of one hundred pounds, and to 
his sister Elizabeth, the now wife of M r Elizea Le Merchant, the like sum 
of one hundred pounds. I release and discharge my cousin Magdalen 
Andros, widow, the relict of my cousin Amos Andros, deceased, &c., of and 
from all sums due from the said Amos Andros, &c. To my cousin Mary 
Andros, daughter of the said Amos, the sum of one hundred pounds (and 
other legacies). A legacy to John Andros, eldest son of my brother John 
Andros, deceased. To Mrs Margaret Baxter, widow, ten pounds per year, 
out of the interest and profits of a mortgage due from the estate of my late 
cousin Margaret Lowdon, deceased (her estate in Harrow Alley, without 
Aldgate, London). 

All my other estate in Great Britain, Guernsey, or elsewhere, to my said 
nephew John Andros, he to build, within two years, a good, suitable house 
on or at the manor of Sacuares, in Guernsey. E. Andros. 

Wit : James Spencely, Rob Hodson, Jn° Hodson. Aston, 44. 

[One of the Articles on Official Seals, published in the Heraldic Journal, Boston 
(Vol. I. (1865), pp. 140-2), conveys so much information about the testator of the 
foregoing will and his family, that no apology seems necessary for inserting the 
greater portion of it here. 

"The seal ol Sir fMmond Andros" ... u is of frequent occurrence, and the 
following reply to an interrogation made in Notes and Queries last year [1864], 
gives us some valuable information about a peculiarity in the arms." 

11 'Sir Edmund Andros, of Guernsey, bore for arms: Gules, a saltire gold, sur- 
mounted of another vert ; on a chief azure, three mullets sable. Crest, a blacka- 
moor's head in profile, couped at the shoulders and wreathed about the temples, all 
proper. Motlo, ' Crux et presidium et duci 

44 Iu 1686 he made application to the Karl Marshal to have his arms 'registered 
in the College of Arms in such a manner as he may lawfully have them with re- 
spect to his descent from the ancient family of Sausmarez in the said Isle ' (Guern- 
sey). In this petition it is set out that—" lli> Great Grandfather's Father, John 
Andros als Andrewes, an English Gentleman, horn in Northamptonshire, coming 
into the island ol Guernsey as Lieutenant to Sir Peter Mewtis, K nt , the Governor, dia 
there marry A 1543 with' Judith de Sausmarez, onely Daughter of Thomas Saus- 
marez, s in and heir of Thomas Sausmarez, Lords of the Seignorie of Sausmarez in 
the said Tsle," &c." 

" ' The warrant, granting the petition, is dated September 23, 1686 ; and from this 
time Sir Edmund Andros and his descendants " (?) '• as Seigneurs de Sausmarez, 
quartered the arms oi De Sausmarez with their own, and used the crest and sup- 
porters belonging thereto, as depicted in the margin of the warrant. These arms 
are thus blazoned : — Argent, on a chevron gules between three leopards' faces sable, 
as many castles triple-towered, gold. Crest, a falcon affrontant, wings expanded, 
proper, belted, eold. Supporters: Dexter, a unicorn argent, tail cowarded; Sinis- 
ter, a greyhound argent, collared gules, garnished gold.' This reply, by Edgar Mac- 
Culloch, Esq., of Guernsey, is in Notes and Queries, 3d series, v. 425. "— u. f. w. 

Sir Edmund Andros was born in London, Dec. 6, 1637, where he died Feb. 24, 
1713-1, and three days later was buried at St. Anne's, Soho, Westminster. A me- 
moir of him by William II. Whitmore, A.M., with portrait, is prefixed to the 
first volume of " The Andros Tracts " (Prince Society, 1863). The pedigree placed 
by Sir Edmund on record at the Herald's College, in September, 1066, and his will, 
are printed in full in that volume.— Editor.] 

In the Sir Edmund Andros abstract I note the name of his step-son Christopher 
Clapham. We had one William Clapham, a planter in Warrosquaike County 
(subsequently Isle of Wight) as early as 1620 ; and I have the additional notes as 
to grants of land : William Clapham, 1100 acres on the south side of the Rappa- 
hannock river, in consideration of the transportation of 22 persons, Aug. 22, 1650, 
Book No. 2. p. 233, and George Clapham 670 acres on the south side of York river. 
Dec. 24, 1652, Book No. 3, p. 162, Virginia Land Registry.— R. A. Brock,] 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 181 

Frances Ludlow. — Sententia pro confirmatione testamenti Francises 

Ludlowe, nuper dam vixit parochise Sancti Egidii in Campis in Comi- 

tatu Midd. xc. in judicio inter Danielem Ketteridge etc. execu- 

torem etc., ex una et Henricum Ludlowe, armigerum, Elizabethan! Penny 
ah Ludlowe, Luciam Ludlowe, Margaretam Vernon ah Ludlowe necnon 
Bridgittam Keene ah Ludlowe, fratrem et sorores naturales et legitinios 
ex utroque latere dicta? defunctae, ac Henricum Ludlowe rnilitem, Edmundum 
Ludlowe, Humfridum Ludlowe, Benjaminum Ludlowe, Ellenoram Lud- 
lowe et Catherinam Hall ah Ludlowe, fratres et sorores naturales et 
legitimes ex paterno latere ejusdem defunctae, necnon Rogerum Ludlowe 
consanguineum, etc. Ilele, 28 (162G). 

[These Sentential are often very valuable as evidence, and should be more studied. 

H. F. W. 

An abstract of the will of George Ludlow, who came to Massachusetts in its ear- 
ly days, but returned to England, will be found in these Gleanings (Register, xl. 
300), and much information about the Ludlows is printed there and in the Regis- 
ter, vol. xli. p. 65. 

In 1884 a "Pedigree of Ludlow of Hill Deverill, eo. Wilts," in tabular form, 
was printed. The arms of this family are given as — " Argent, a chevron between 
three martins' heads erased, sable. Crest, a demi martin rampant sable. Motto: 
Omne sol inn forti palria." This pedigree was compiled by Henry Hnngerford 
Ludlow-Bruges, Esq., M.A., and G. D. Scull, Esq., the latter a contributor of val- 
uable articles to the Register, and now residing in London, England. A copy of 
the pedigree printed on vellum, presented by Mr. Scull, is in the library of the 
New England Historic Genealogical Society. It shows exhaustive research, giving 
fourteen generations of the family. 

1 give below the early generations reduced to Register form. It will be seen 
that Frances Ludlow was an aunt of Edmund Ludlow, the English patriot, who was 
a member of the High Court of Justice which condemned Charles I. to execution, 
and that Edmund was a cousin-nephew of George Ludlow, whose will may be found 
in abstract at the above reference, and of his brother Koger Ludlow, deputy gov- 
ernor of Massachusetts. — Editor.] 

1. William 1 Ludlow, of Hill Deverill, co. Wilts, Butler to Henry 
IV., V. and VI. M. P. for Ludgershall, Wilts. Buried in St. Thomas' 
Church, Salisbury ; married Margaret, daughter and h eiress of William 
ltymer. ( Vide will of John Ludlow, son and heir, proved 26 April, 1488.) 
Children : 

2. i. John 2 Ludlow, married Lora Ringwood. 

ii. Margaret 2 Ludlow, married William Sandes. 

iii. Margery 2 Ludlow, married William Earle. 

iv. Joan 2 Ludlow, married 1st, John Norwood ; m. 2d, Thorras Ringwood 
of Southampton. 

v. Margaret 2 Ludlow, the Younger. Buried at'Corsham Church. Mar- 
ried Thomas Trapnell <>r Tropenell of Great Chalfield, near Trowbridge, 
Wilts, Esq. Buried at Oorsham Church ; tomb existing. 

2. John 2 Ludlow. Will proved 26 April, 1488. Married Lora, 
daughter of Thomas Ringwood of Ringwood, Hants. Child: 

3. i. John 2 Ludlow, married Pbilippa Bulstrode. 

JOHN* LUDLOW, buried in chanced of Hill Deverill Church. Vide 
will proved 11 Nov. 1519. Married Philippa, daughter and heiress of 
William Bulstrode of London. Children : 

4. i. William 4 Ludlow, married Jane Moore. 
ii. Edward 4 Ludlow, unmarried. 

iii. Dorothy 4 Ludlow, married William Horsey of Martin, Wilts. 

VOL. XLII. 17 

182 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [April, 

4. William 4 Ludlow. Vide will proved 6 May, 1533. Married Jane, 
daughter and co-heiress of Nicholas Moore of Withford, co. Southampton. 
Children : 

5. i. George 6 Ludlow, married Edith, daughter of Lord Windsor. 

ii. Mary 5 Ludlow, married Richard Scrope of Castle Combe, Wilts. ( Vide 
Pedigree of Lord Scrope.) 

5. George* Ludlow. High Sheriff of Wilts, 1567. Will proved 4 
Feb. 1580. Married Edith, third daughter of Lord Windsor of Stan well, 
Middlesex. Children : 

6. i. Edmund 6 Ludlow, married 1st, Bridget Coker ; m. 2d, Margaret Man- 


7. ii. Thomas 6 Ludlow, married Jane Pyle. 

iii. Anne 6 Ludlow, married Thomas Hall of London, gent. 

iv. Margaret 6 Ludlow, married Robert Vaux ofOdiliam, Hants. 

v. Jane 6 Ludlow, married Bassett. 

vi. Mary 6 Ludlow, married Hugh Rvley of New Saruin, gent. 

vii. Ursula 6 Ludlow, married Rev. William Earth, rector of Mildcnhall, 

viii. Philippa 1 Ludlow, married Thomas, son of Sir John Zouch, Knt., 


6. Sir Edmund 6 Ludlow. M. P. for Hindoo 1G03. Administration 
1624. Married 1st, Bridget, daughter and sole heiress of Henry Coker of 
Maypowder, eo. D She was buried at Hill Deverill, Sept. 1587. 

Children : 

i. Henry 7 of Hill Deverill an<l afterwards of Tadl Hants, b. 1577. 

Matriculated at " Aula Oerrina," Oxford, 2J Oct. 1591, aged 14. 
Graduated B.A. 17 Dee. 1594. Administration 28 Get. 1639. Mar- 
ried Lettioe, daughter of Thomas West, Lord De La Warrc. Vide 
Monument in Hill Deverill churcli. Descendants given in the tabular 

ii. George, 7 died young. 

iii. John. 7 

iv. Anne, 7 died young. 

v. Elizabeth. 7 

vi. Lucy. 7 

vii. Margaret, 7 

viii. Bridget. 7 

ix. Jane. 7 

x. Frances, 7 bapt. at Hill Deverill, 15 Sept. 1787. Will proved 8 Feb. 
Ki-Jl-5. Describes herself as a daughter of Sir Edmund Ludlow, and 
twice refers to her cousin Roger Ludlow. 

He married 2d, Margaret, daughter of Henry Manning of Down, co. 
Kent, Marshall of the Household, relict of Thomas Howard, viscount Bin- 
don, third son of Thomas, Duke of Norfolk. She was bapt. at Down, 30 
Nov. 1559, and buried at Maiden Bradley, Wilts, 14 Dec. 1643. Children: 

8. xi. Henry, 7 married Elizabeth Phelips. 

xii. Edmund, 7 of Kingston Deverill, bapt. at Hill Deverill, 25 June, 1595. 

Matriculated at Brasenose College, Oxford, 19 June, 1610, age 14. 

M.P. for Hindon. Will proved 23 Nov. 1666. Married Katherine. 

Died without issue. 

xiii. Humphrey, 7 matriculated at B. N. C. Oxon, 1611. Living at Allington, 


xiv. Benjamin, 7 killed at the siege of Corfe Castle. Administration 1659-60. 

His second son, 

Edmund, 8 of Ealing, co. Middlesex, was executor to the will of his 

uncle, Edmund Ludlow the Elder, of Kingston Deverill. Will 

dated 13 June, 1586, proved in London, 4 Feb. 1689-90. Married 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 183 

Douglas, daughter of Sir Francis D'Aungier, Knt. Ch.: 1. Tho- 
mas. 9 2. Emilia. 9 
[xv. Eleanor, xvi. Catherine.]* 

7. Thomas 5 Ludlow, of Dinton and Baycliffe. Buried at Dinton, 25 
Nov. 1607. Will proved June, 1608. Married Jane, daughter of Tho- 
mas and sister of Sir Gabriel Pyle, Knt., of Bapton,in the parish of Fisher- 
ton de la Mere. Her will proved 6 July, 1650. Children: 

i. George, 7 born at Dinton, 7 Sept. 1583, died young. 

ii. Gabriel, 7 bapt. at Dinton, 10 Feb. 1587. Called to the Bar 15 Oct. 1620. 
Elected a Bencher 3 Nov. 1637. Particular Receiver of the Duchy of 
Lancaster possessions in Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridge. His patent 
dated 5th of Charles 1. Resigned the office 28 June, 1639. Deputy 
Ranger of Sell wood Forest, 1638. Married Phillis, who sold Baycliffe 
to Sir James Thynne, 1653. Children : 

1. Gabriel, 6 bapt. at Warminster, 13 Aug. 1622. Admitted to the 
Inner Temple 13 June, 1638. Killed at the Battle of Newbury, 
1644. Vide Ludlow's Memoirs, in which he describes the death 
of his cousin Gabriel at Newbury. 

2. 7 homas, 8 bapt. at Warminster, 1 November, 1624. 

3. Francis, 8 bapt. at Warminster, 10 Sept. 1626. Living at Maiden 
Bradley, 1666. Married. Issue. 

4. Anne 8 bapt. at Warminster, 4 Dec. 1628. 

5. Elizabeth, 8 bapt. at Maiden Bradley, 18 Oct. 1632. 

6. John 8 Vide Jane Ludlow's will, proved 6 July, 1650. 

7. Sarah. 8 Vide Jane Ludlow's will, proved 6 July, 1650. 

iii. Roger, 7 bapt. at Dinton, 7 March, 1590. Matriculated at Balliol Coll., 
Oxford, 16 June, 1610. Gained distinction in New England. Mar- 
ried ; issue. Vide Ludlow's Memoirs; also George Ludlow's will, 
proved 1 Aug. 1656. 

iv. Anne, 7 bapt. at Dinton, 5 July, 1591. Buried at Dinton, 8 July, 1613. 

v. Thomas, 7 bapt. at Baverstock, 3 March, 1593. Inventory taken i6 June, 
1646. Married at Warminster, 15 Feb. 1624, Jane Bennett, daugh- 
ter of John Bennett of Steeple Ashton and Smallbrook, who was 
bapt. at Warminster, 15 April, 1604, and died 19 Dec. 1683. Children : 

1. Thomas, 8 bapt. at Warminster, 3 March, 1631. Buried 13 Nov. 
1668. Administration granted to Sarah Ludlow, 18 Aug. 1669. 
He married 18 Aug. 1658, Sarah Sutton, born (according to John 
Ludlow, her son) 1639. She survived her husband, remarried, 
and died as Mrs. Langley, 16 April, 1700, at Warminster. Their 
son Thomas 9 Ludlow was father of Christopher, 10 whose son Ben- 
jamin 11 was father of Benjamin Pennell, 12 whose son William 
Heald 13 Ludlow, Esq., assumed the name and arms of Bruges by 
royal licence in 1835, on succeeding to the landed estates of Tho- 
mas Bruges of Seend, Esq. Mr. W. H. Ludlow-Bruges was 
father of Henry Hungerford 14 Ludlow-Bruges (one of the compil- 
ers of the tabular pedigree from which this is extracted), born at 
Seend, 10 June, 1847 ; graduated at St. John's College, Oxford, 
M.A. 1872. 

2. Gabriel, 8 of Frome, bapt. at Warminster, 27 Aug. 1634. f 

3. William 8 of Saruin, bapt. at Warminster, 11 April, 1637. 

4. John, 8 bapt. at Warminster, 9 Jan. 1640. 

vi. George, 7 bapt. at Dinton, 15 Sept. 1596. Will proved 1 Aug. 1656. 
Member oi the Virginian Council. Vide Ludlow's Memoirs. 

8. Sir Henht 1 Ludlow, Knt., born at Maiden Bradley, 1502. Matricu- 
lated at Brasenose College, Oxford, 10 Oct. 1(507, aged 15. Graduated as 
B.A. Feb. 1609. High Sheriff for Wilts 10:1:5. M.P. 1640. Died 
intestate; buried at St. Andrews, Ilolborn, 1 Nov. 1643. Administration 

* These two names in brackets arc entered by Mr. Waters on the authority of the above 
Sentonti;v. — Editor. 
f He is said to have been the ancestor of the New York Ludlows.— G. D. Scull. 

184 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [April, 

of effects granted to his eldest son, General Edmund Ludlow, 20 March, 
1646-7, which grant being subsequently revoked, a new grant was made to 
Nathaniel Ludlow, 8 Feb. 1660-1. He married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Richard Phelips of Montacute, Somerset. Her will, dated 18 May, 1660, 
was proved at London, 19 Jan. 1660-1. She was buried at St. Andrews, 
Holburu, 6 Nov. 1660. Children: 

i. Edmund 8 Ludlow, the celebrated .Republican, born at Maiden Bradley. 
1016-17. Matrieulated at Trinity College, Oxford, 10 Sept. 1034, 
aired 17. Graduated as B. A. 14 Nov. 1030. Admitted to the Inner 
Temple 13 June, 1038. M. P. for Wilts. High Sheriff 1645. Was 
one of the King's Judges. Commander of the forces in Ireland. Died 
an exile at Vevay, 1093. Married Elizabeth Thomas of Wenvoe Cas- 
tle, co. Monmouth. Left no issue. Vide monument at Vevay. 

ii. Robert, 8 second son. born 1 62 1 . Matriculated at Magdalen College, 
Oxford, 12 July, 1030, aged 15. Died a prisoner of war 1043. Vide 
Ludlow's Memoirs. 

iii. Thomas. 8 Vide Ludlow's Memoirs. 

iv. Nathaniel, 8 bapt. at Maiden Bradley, 13 April, 1624. Administrator 
of his lather Sir Henry Ludlow's effects. Executor to his mother, his 
uncle Edmund, and his brother Philip. A V ill proved 12 May, 1701. 

v. Frances, 8 bapt. at Maiden Bradley, Oct. 102G. Buried at Maiden 
Bradley, April, 1032. 

vi. Philip," bapt. at Maiden Bradley. 15 April, 1028. Died at sea, 13 Aug. 
o. Administation I Oct. L650. 

vii. Henry, 8 bapt. at Maiden Bradley, 19 Feb. 1029-30. Ancestor of Earls 
Ludlow. The peerage became extinct in 1842. 

viii. Elizabeth, 8 married Col. Kempstone. Vide Ludlow's Memoirs. 

ix. Margaret, 8 married Giles Strangeways, Esq., of East Charlton, Som- 
erset. Vide Ludlow's Memoirs. 

Stephen Sedgwick (ante, vol. xli. pages G7 and GO). 

[I think the Editor is wrong, on page 69, in supposing that this Stephen Sedg- 
wick, brewer, was a nephew of William 2 Sedgwick, of London, and a cousin of 
Major General Robert Sedgwick, of New England. I had looked on this Stephen 

as a brother of the first William and an uncle of Robert. Stephen Sedgwick calls 
Robert Houghton cousin. 1 almost always understand by this word what we now 
express by the words nephew or niece, and not a cousin german. He is referred to 
by John Sedgwick (Register, vol. xxxvui. page 200) as my uncle " Stephen 
Sedgwick, brewer." Why suppose another Stephen Sedgwick, brewer? — II. F. 

With regard to the references to the Sedgwick family in the Gleanings in the 
January REGISTER, the Major Robert Sedgwick mentioned was Major General Robert 
Sedgwick, the first of the name to emigrate to this country. He was the- son of 
William Sedgwick and Elizabeth Howe, who were married, according to the regis- 
ters of St. Mary's Church at Woburn, Bedfordshire, England, on April 10th, 10Q4. 
His father, William, was a warden of that church, and was buried there on July 
25th. 1632. General Sedgwick was baptized May 6th, 1613. The earliest date on 
the St. Mary's registers is 15.38, and the earliest Sedgwick record there is of the 
baptism of Richard, son of James Sedgwickes, Sept. 18th, 1580. With the General's 
father, born about 1585, the record is lost, and researches at Woburn, York, London 
and elsewhere, have so far failed to reveal any authentic trace of his grandfather, 
though the numerous appearances of the name in Yorkshire, Lancashire and Bed- 
fordshire, and in the lists of members of the great guilds in London and elsewhere, 
prove that the family was one of distinction, and that further search will discover 
the missing link in the chain. 

Genera] Robert Sedgwick married in England, Johanna . After his death 

she married the Rev. Thomas Allen, pastor of the Congregational Church in Nor- 
wich, England, formerly teacher of the church in Charlestown, Mass., from about 
1639 to 1651, when he returned to England, by whom she had no children. Gen- 
eral Robert Sedgwick emigrated to this country in 1635, and was one of the most 
distinguished men of his time. He was one of the earliest settlers of Charlestown, 
Mass. In 1611, 1615 and 1618 he commanded the Ancient and Honorable Artillery 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 185 

Company, of which he was a founder, and in 1641, the Castle. He was an officer 
under, and friend of, Cromwell, with whom lie corresponded, and by whom he was 
sent in July, 1634, from Bostpn to Jamaica, alter the capture of that Island by the 
British, with a licet under his orders with reinforcements for the army under Gen. 
Venabh s. lie was one of the Commissioners for the Government of Jamaica, and 
died there on May 24th, 1656, leaving several children. Professor Adam Sedgwick, 
of Trinity College, Cambridge, England, in a letter written some years before his 
death, in 1873, says that the clan was settled from very early times among the 
mountains which form the borders of Lancashire, Yorkshire and Westmoreland; 
i he believed that every family of the name could trace its descent from ancestors 
who were settled among these mountains. The name among the country people in 
the north of England is sometimes pronounced Sigswick, and the oldebt spelling of 
it is ^iggeswiek. — at least so it is written in many of the parish records going back 
to the reign of Henry V11I. It is good German, and means the Village of Victory, 
probably designating some place of successful broil where our rude Saxon or Danish 
ancestors first settled in the country, and drove the old Celtic tribes out of it, or into 
the remote recesses of the Cambrian Mountains, where many Celtic names are met 
with to this day. But in the valley where the Sedgwicks are chiefly found, the 
names are almost exclusively Saxon or Danish. Ours, therefore, was a true Border 

The name Sedgwick was probably a correction given, like many others, through 
a wish to explain the meaning of a name (Siggeswick), the real import of which 
was quite forgotten. The word Sedge is not known in the northern dialects of Eng- 
land, and the plant itself does not exist among the Yorkshire valleys. But a branch 
of the clan settled in the low regions of Lincolnshire, and seem to have first adopted 
the more modern spelling, and at the same time began to use a bundle of sedge as 
the family crest. This branch was never numerous, and is now believed to be en- 
tirely extinct. Indeed, the Sedgwicks never seem, at least in England, to flourish 
away from their native mountains. If removed to the low country, they droop and 
die away in a tew generations. A still older crest, and one suited to the history of 
the race, is an eagle with out-spread wings. Within a comparatively few years, 
eagles existed among the higher mountains on the border. The arms most com- 
monly borne by the Sedgwicks, and accorded to them by Burke in his Encyclopaedia 
of xVrmorial Bearings, are composed of a field or on a cross gules, with five bells of 
the field, and a lion passant through sedge on a cap of maintenance. — Robert 
Sedgwick, of New York City.] 



Communicated by the Rev. Geouge M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 102.] 

No. XXII. 

Major Richard Walderne and his Men. 
^IIE Walderne* family, to which the subject of this article, Rich- 

ard Walderne, belonged, is of ancient lineage, as seen in the 
Pedigree, found by II. G. Sonierby in England, and published by 
him in the REGISTER, ante, Vol. vni. p. 78, showing descent from 
Edward Walderne and Joan his wife, of Alcester, in Warwickshire, 
through George Walderne and Joan Shallarde, married July 8, 1576, 
■rho had William, baptized July 25, 1577, married Catherine Ra- 

* [tis thought best, in this present number, to adopt the spelling of the Major's own 
ture, which agrees with his English ancestors and wras used by his contemporaries. 
Hi- -on Richard changed it in bis own signature, and wrote of his father OB W.ldrou, 
and all historians since have referred to the family by that name. 

VOL. XL II. 17* 

186 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

ven at Alcester, November 26, 1600, and had nine sons and two 
daughters. The seventh son was Kichard, baptized January 6, 

This Richard 1 Walderne came to America, it is said, in 1635, 
" to See the Country. He stayed about two Years and returned to 
England and there Marryed a Gentlewoman of a very good family 
(whose parents were very unwilling She Should come away) her 
names are not remembered nor of w l place."* 

The matter above quoted is from the fragment of a letter from 
James Jeffrey to Councillor Richard 3 Waldron, the Major's grand- 

Major Walderne came to America with his young wife about 
1637 ; after whose death he married Anne Scammon, sister of Rich- 
ard. His children were — Raul," who died in Algiers about 1669 
(probably on board one of his father's vessels). "Timothy, who died 
while a student in Harvard College. Richard,* born 1650. Anna, 2 
married Rev. Joseph Gerrish. Elnathan, 2 born July 6, 1659, in 
Boston; died Dec. 10, 1659. Esther, 8 born Dec. 1, 1660, in 
Boston; married (1) Henry Elkins, (2) Abraham Lee, June 21, 

1686, (3) Richard Jose, and (•!■) . She died in the Isle 

of Jersey. Mary, 2 born Sept. It, L 663, in Boston, died young. 
Eleazer, 8 born May 1, 1665. Elizabeth, 2 born Oct. 8, 1666; 
married John Gerrish, of Dover. Maria, 2 born July 17, 1668; 
died about the age of fourteen. 

Richard, 2 the son of Major Walderne, changed the surname to 
Waldron, and the family has since been known as Waldron. He 
married (1) Hannah Cutt, Feb. 16, 1681, who died Feb. 14, 1682, 
at the birth of her first child ; (2) Eleanor Vaughan, who died 
September, 1727. He died Nov. 3, 1730. His children were — 
Richard, 3 born 1682 (by his first wife), who died aged about 
eleven months. Richard 3 (2d), born Feb. 21, 1693-4; Margaret,' 
born Nov. 16, 1695; William, 3 born 1697; Annie, 3 born 1699: 
Abigail, 3 born 1702; Eleanor, 3 born 1704. 

It is supposed that Major Walderne was a man of some property 
when he came to this country, as he purchased a large tract of land 
at Cocheco (Dover, N. H.), where he settled about 1640, erected 
saw-mills, established his business, and made his home. He was a 
man of remarkable enterprise and ability, and by wise investment 
and diligent use of his opportunities acquired a large property for 
his times. He established a truck-house for the accommodation of 
the Indians, and his own gain, at Pennacook, in 1668, and it was 
there that an Englishman, Thomas Dickinson, was killed by an 
Indian who was drunk, and whom the Indians immediately punished 

* Rev. A. H. Quint, D.D., the eminent antiquarian, has furnished an account of the 
Waldron (Walderne) family in America, and that account is here followed. See Regis- 
ter, ante, Vol. ix. p. 55, and Historical Memoranda in Dover Enquirer, Nos. 104 to 111, 
April 19 to June 7, 1853 ; and Nos. 175 to 178, Aug. 6 to Aug, 22, 1857. 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 187 

with death. An investigation ensued, and Major Walderne was 
accused of selling or furnishing liquors at his truck-house, which 
made the Indian drunk, contrary to the laws and the special terms 
of the treaty. The papers in this case are preserved in the Mass. 
Archives, Vol. 30, pp. 154-161. The liquors were said to be sold 
by the hand of Paul Walderne, son of the Major, and Peter Coffin. 
During the investigation, the Major was suspended from his office by 
his brother magistrates, but upon his own oath as to his entire inno- 
cence of complicity, either direct or indirect, in the affair, and upon 
the evidence, he was acquitted as well as his son, and was restored 
to hi* office and power, while Peter Coffin was convicted and fined 
fifty pounds. He was much in public life, and exerted a wide in- 
fluence in various ways. He was representative to the General 
Court for thirteen years, and was Speaker of the House for seven 
years ; was appointed to be a magistrate for the North Circuit of old 
Norfolk County, consisting of Portsmouth and Dover, and also of 
the Count v of York. 

Major Walderne seems to have been in full sympathy with the 
Strictest puritans of Massachusetts Colony, and a sturdy champion 
of colonial rights and ecclesiastical authority, if we regard his severe 
treatment of the Quakers within his jurisdiction, as zeal for the 
church. His wide influence among the people is seen to have 
been due to general popularity, by his large vote at elections in the 
times when people dared to put their will, and meant to put their 
conscience into their votes. In his extensive trade with the Indians 
and in constant communication with them, he seems to have kept their 
confidence, and to have had very little trouble with them in the thirty- 
five years that he had lived near them. There had been provoca- 
tions doubtless on the part of the English as well as the Indians, 
and the Major, in common with other magistrates, was obstinate and 
Stupidly severe in the administration of English law upon a wild, 
heathen people, who had no more idea of its meaning than of 
Sanskrit. The Indians knew the meaning of gratitude as well as 
vengeance ; they could bide their time and dissemble submission, but 
they did not forget. Dover was a frontier town, and, several years 
iie war, houses had been fortified and a stockade set up 
I the meeting-house to prevent a surprise. Large numbers of 
Indians were coming and going among the settlers, were received 
and entertained in their houses, were: well acquainted with the habits 
and peculiarities of their home-life and ways of business and wor- 
ship, and it is probable that there was no other place in the Colony 
where the relations of settlers and Indians were more free and kindly 
than in this settlement at Dover. At the same time, here a- else- 
where, the English regarded the Indians with ill-eoneealed contempt 
as inferior beings, and not really worth conciliating in permanent 
friendship, but to be tolerated till such time as they could be con- 
veniently driven away. 

188 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

It is probable that in military matters, as in all others, the direc- 
tion had been in the hands of Major Walderne. The first record I 
have found relating to this is the following commission from the 
General Court, Oct. 7, 1674: 

Capt. Richard "Walderne having had the command of the militia in York- 
shire, by authority from this Court, for the last two yeares past, & hath this 
summer draune forth the regiment of foote & troope of horse there, exer- 
cised them in military discipline, this Court doth heereby appoint him, the 
said Richard "Walderne, to be the sarjant majo 1 of the forces in Yorkshire, 
and doe order, that he have commission as other inujo r s have for authorizing 
him to that service. 

Col. Rec. Vol. v. p. 22. 

When the alarm of the attack upon Swansea reached the people, 
measures were at once taken to secure these frontier towns, and the 
colonial authorities took steps to assist the more exposed and weaker 

btlements. The following letter will show the Council alert also 
to secure active cooperation of forces all along the lines : 

ffor Maj f Rich' 1 Waldern. 
Having Acquainted the Council what I advised you the fifteenth Inst. 
I am commanded by them to order von forthwith w* 50 or 60 souldiers 
under your owne or Mr. Plaisteds or some other sufficient conduct you 
march to Pennicooke Bupposed to be y e great Randevous of y e enemy, 
where you may expect t<> meet (apt. Mosely, who is ordered thither and 
hath sufficient commission, to pursue kill & destroy them \v ch also you must 
attend ;e y 1 work unless such ;is shall willingly deliver up their amies & 

themselves or sufficient hostages to secure their peaceable behaviour you 

had need to take along with you a Chirurgeon <\; make all possible expe- 
dition. A great part of our forces are at present at Iladley. 

Daniel Denison, Maj* Gen 1 . 
Boston, August 17, 1675. 

By order of y c Council. 
Mass. Archives, Vol. G7, p. 241. 

An account of the expedition referred to in the letter, has been 
given in a former chapter relating to Capt. Mosely. The Penna- 
cooks and their allied families took no part in the war, but they did 
not and perhaps could not prevent the hostile or " strange " Indians 
from passing from tribe to tribe, and occasionally small war parties 
groins back and forth from the East to the West, found entertain- 
ment in these tribes, but were not joined by them in their hostile 
movements, though some of their young men may have been enticed 
to join the hostiles on occasions. 

In the beginning, the Indians, bent mostly upon plunder, seem to 
have broken up into small parties, which could easily find out and 
strike exposed points here and there, and when necessary for some 
large enterprise, could swiftly concentrate their forces at any given 
time and place. 

The first depredations of these Indians upon these northeastern 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 189 

frontiers began in September, 1675, at Oyster River (now Durham, 
N. H.) ; they burnt two houses of "the Cheslies," killed two men 
in a canoe upon the river, captured an old Irishman and a young 
man, both of whom escaped in a few weeks by the help of a friendly 
Indian. Three Indians, viz., John Sampson, Cromwel and John 
Linde, waylaid Goodman Robinson and his son, of Exeter, on their 
way to Hampton, and killed the father, the young man escaping to 
Hampton. These same Indians captured Charles Randlet, of Ex- 
eter, who soon after escaped. The house of Richard Tozer at 
Salmon Falls, wherein were fifteen women and children, was at- 
tacked by two Indians, "Andrew" and "Hope-Hood," but was 
valiantly defended by a young woman, who held fast the door till 
all the others escaped, and till it was hewn in pieces by the Indians, 
who then entering struck her down, leaving her for dead, while they 
followed the others to the next house, which, being better fortified, 
the Indians did not attack. Two children were captured who were 
of this company, and could not keep up with the others ; one of 
three years was killed, the other of seven was carried into captivity, 
but afterwards returned by them. The brave girl who defended the 
house revived after the Indians left her, and escaped to her friends 
and was restored to perfect health ; and it is to be regretted that 
Mr. Hubbard, who relates this, did not record the name of the he- 
roine, as he doubtless could have easily done. Small parties prowled 
in the woods in every direction, burning and shooting. Six more 
houses were burned at Oyster River, and William Roberts and his 
son- in-law were killed. Under these provocations the English were 
goaded almost to desperation, and yet, if they drew out in force to 
pursue, the Indians easily escaped to the woods and could not be 
overtaken. Several parties of volunteers went out from the garri- 
sons in pursuit, but without avail, except that one party discovered 
five Indians, three gathering corn in a field, while two were building 
a fire to roast it. Two of the English crept up to these latter, and 
suddenly rushing to close quarters killed them both, knocking them 
on the head with the butts of their muskets. The rest escaped. 

Capt. John Wincoll, who lived at Berwick, seems to have been 
in active service under Major Walderne, and was absent upon some 
service when his house and barn, with several of his neighbors' 
buildings, were burned by the Indians. It is possible that he was 
with Major Walderne at the eastward when this took place. The 
following letter takes us further to the eastward, and gives a glimpse 
of what was going on there while towns upon the Connecticut were 
battling for life with the allies of Philip. 

Douer 25 th September 1675 
Much Hon rd 

My Absence from home (being tliis Week at Eastw d ) hath Ocation'd 
yo r hearing nothing from nice Soe long hut being .lint now returned this 
evening thought it my Duty w th all expedition to giue Ace" of the stato 

190 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

of y e Place Since I sent away Cap* Dauis w th about 50 men at y e ene- 
mies ffirst Assault of those places (haueing ffurther Information of tlieir 
killing & Burning) According to yo r direction raised a J) ,y of Souldiers 
out of Douer and Portsmo th & w th an Addition of Some from Kittery I 
did my selfe Aduance eastw d for y c ffurther Succour of those places but 
before I came Soe ffarr as Sawco Capt Dauis being gone to Falm th where 
the first damage was done by the enemy I had Aduice of y° enemies 
Marching Westward ffalling upon Scarbrough & Sawco killing and 
burning on Saturday and Sabbath day last at Scarbrough they killed an 
old man & Woman & burnt their house & at M r Foxwells two young 
men were killed being att v° barn about y r Cattle The enemy y n 
Aduanced tow lls Sawco riuer w ch is nott aboue 4 miles distant from y* 
Part of Scarbrough & there fell to burning of houses y° People before 
haueing Intelligence ffrom an Indian called Scossaway of y e time w n they 
Would coni'' deserted their houses most of y" 1 repairing to Maj r Pendle- 
tons but M r Bonighten & some other (Families to Maj r Phillips on 
Saturday Morning y e Indians rifled and burnt Seuerall houses on y° north 
Side y e riuer c^ among w ,!l M r Bonightens was one he being the night be- 
fore fled to Maj r Phillips while laid houses were burning a pty of y m 
Judged about 86 Ind M came oner v 1 ' riuer in english oanooes & w" come 
Ashore cutt hole- in \'" and tnrnd y"' Adrift but all this time finding 
noe nun they went to Sfaj* Phillips Saw mill & l Set it goeing then on 
fire & burnt it & afterwards did y' like to his corn mill it being Judged 
to be their design thereby to draw y 1 " out <>i' \ house, and Boe to Surprise 
both y" 1 & itt hut Maj' Phillips being Iforwarncd of their coming made 
Some Small defense about his house haueing w Ih him of his own ffamilies 
& neighbours to y" number of 15 men besides women & Children in 
all about 50 tin 1 bushes being thick within shott of his house could not 
att Hirst Sec an Jnd" but one of y € men lVrceiueing a Stirring Among y e 
ffearnes Maj r Phillips looked out of his Chamber Window y* Way & 
ffrom \ - [mediately shott att and slightly Wounded in y e Should' 

(2 more were alsoe Wounded Afterwar d y l being all the harm done there) 
Afterw hott came thick w cb was Accordingly Answered ffrom within 

Butt noe Indians as yet apeared but onely Creeping deckt with ffearnes and 
boughs till some time after they gott a p* of old truck wheels and flitted y ,n 
up w th boards and Slabs ffor a barricadoe to Safe guard y e Driuers thereby 
Endeavouring to burn y e house haueing prepared combustible matter as 
birch rinds pitchwood Turpentine and povvd r ifor y* end but they in y e 
house pceiueing their Intention Plyed their shott against itt and ffound 
Afterw' u their shott went through A little before they Came at y e house 
there was a little wett ground into w ch y e Wheels Sunk and y l obstructed 
their driueing itt fforw d they Endeauouring to gett it out of y c dirt again 
by turning a little on one Side thereby layeing y m selues open to y"' in y° 
house w ch oportunity they improued & made y" 1 quitt their work and flly 
but Continued iireing at y e house all night till Sabbath day morning about 
9 a clock & then they saw y e Indians at a distance March away they 
Judged between 20 & 30 & some of y m w th 2 guns but before they 
went they set fire on a little out house & in itt burnt seuerall hogs 
Since w ch Maj r Phillips is remoued down to Winter harbour to Maj r Pen- 
dletons where I found him — After this y e Same or another Party of In- 
dians went to Scarbrough to a Place called Dunstan where L* Alger being 
abroad w th 6 men more well arm'd being about their Ocations mett 14 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 191 

Ind n3 compleat in Armes in 2 ranks He retreating a little towar d8 his 
bouse y e Ind n3 Aduanced and ffollowed whereupon he faced y ,n y e 1 st rank 
of y e Ind ns fired & orderly fell in y e rear of y c others Lt Alger w th his 
6 men fired & Primed they Struck some of y m whereupon they Ime- 
diately filed they being at a Considerable Distance none of y m Rec d 
any harm but Not w th stan ding all this neither my Selfe nor Cap* Dauis 
nor any rjty I sent out tho I had y n in those jots 120 Souldiers could 
euer see an Ind an Therefore Considering y e Weaknesse I left our pts in 
nearer homew d by takeing soe many thence & the little hopes wee had 
of meeting w th y c enemy who As soon as euer they discouered a pty of 
Souldiers in one place fled to another & by Reason of y e Vast Inconue- 
niences Attending a March in y* Country ocationed by many riuers 
Marshes &c. I thought it most prudente to Contract y e people into as small 
a Compasse as may be in those towns & there make some fortifications 
to defend y ra selves haueing left about 60 Souldiers in garrison at Sawco 
Scarbrough and Falm th ffor y e defence of those places & ffbr their help 
in gathering their corn & Secureing their prouitions bringing y e Remain- 
ins forces back w th mee to their seuerall towns a^ain haueing likewise 
ordered Wells York & Kittery to garrison y m selues for y r own defence 
y e Distractions of those places by Reason of psons being fibrced to ffbrsake 
y r Plantations & leaue their Corn & Cattle to y e enemy doth portend 
Ineuitable want &c to ensue unlesse god by his extraordinary prouidence 
doe preuent their case being Considered beg yo r Thoughts & direction 
aboutt it w ch w n Rec d shall be readily Attended by 

Hon sd s r yo r Humble Seru 4 * Richard Walderne 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 67, p. 267. 

The above letter of Major Walderne sufficiently explains the situ- 
ation of affairs at the Eastward. The entire population withdrew 
into their fortified houses, which were garrisoned as well as possible 
with the inhabitants of the towns, Major Walderne holding a small 
reserve force at Portsmouth and Dover to assist whenever one set- 
tlement was more threatened than another. The great tribes which 
confronted the eastward settlements and had the controlling influ- 
ence in the war in these parts were, the Ammoscoggins, who lived 
upon what is now called the Androscoggin River; the Pequakets, 
whose chief rendezvous was at the head waters of the Saco in the 
present town of Fryeburg ; the Ossipees, near the lake of that name ; 
the Pennacooks, who held a large tract of country in the vicinity of 
Concord, N. H. These larger had gathered the remnants of several 
once powerful tribes which had held the lands along the coast from 
Kennebec to the Piscataqua, but which had been almost annihilated 
by the internal wars which raged after the overthrow of the great 
w Bashaba," who had lived on the Penobscot and had held all these 
eastern tribes in subjection. In the struggle for supremacy which 
succeeded, a great part of the fighting men in all the tribes were 
destroyed. This was at its height when Sir Richard Hawkins vis- 
ited the coast in 1015. A great plague followed this war, which 
nearly depopulated the whole region along the shores before the 

192 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

Pilgrims came to Plymouth in 1620. The Ammoscoggins and Pe- 
quakets were hostile to the English, and it was their depredations, 
assisted by the restless tribes on the Kennebec and beyond, that so 
troubled this eastern frontier in the war of 1(575-7. 

The Pennacooks had always been peaceful towards the English 
since the first settlement. Passaconaway was their chief at the ear- 
liest mention we have of them, and was still alive and active for the 
welfare of his tribe in 1663, though at great age, for it was proba- 
bly about this time that Major Gookin saw him (as he writes in 
1677) "alive at Pawtucket when he was about a hundred and twen- 
ty years old." He seems to have been a chief of remarkable ability 
and wisdom, and had some sort of dominion over many tribes, and 
there is some evidence that he bore the sway of a " Bashaba," or 
Great Sagamore. lie was reputed by the Indians to be a great 
"Powow" and to possess supernatural powers, and was held to be 
a "sorcerer" by the English, and doubtless had some arts of the 
juggler by which he gained this renown. 

lie had several sons and daughters, one of whom married TVin- 
nepurkitt, sachem of Saugus, whom the English called George 
Rumney marsh, upon the story of whose marriage, found in Mor- 
ton's "New Canaan," the poet Whittier based the legend of his 
poem, "The Bridal of Pennacook." There is evidence that another 
of his (laughters married " Numphow," ruler of the AVamesits and 
father of " Sam 11 Numphow." 

A petition to the General Court, October 10, 1665, shows the 
names of those who petitioned several years before for permission 
" to redeeme our pore brother and cuntryman " " out of prison and 
bondage, whose Name is Xanamocomuck the eldest son of Passa- 
conewa." He is said to have gone to the Ammoscoggins soon after, 
and it is probable that he died there. The celebrated Kankamagus 
was, it is supposed, his son, and was sachem of the Pennacooks after 
Wannalancet retired ; he will be mentioned later on. The En^- 
lish called him John Hopkins. 

It is said that near the close of his life Passaconaway called his 
people together and gave them his farewell charge, recounting his 
own early struggles against the English, which had proved in vain, 
and, showing the steady increase of the white people everywhere in 
spite of all opposition, he urged upon them their only safe policy, 
peaceful submission to and friendship with the English. 

Upon AVannalancet's succession to his father's title and station, he 
kept faith with the English as his father had done and advised, and 
notwithstanding the many wrongs and provocations received by his 
people, and the urgent appeals of hostile tribes, he remained true, 
and was held in high esteem by the authorities of the colony. It is 
probable, however, that most of the power of his father over other 
tribes fell awav from him, for he seems to have had little influence 
with the Ammoscoggins or Pequakets when war was once begun. 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 193 

AVhen he saw that it was to become a general war, and foresaw 
that, remaining in the vicinity of the English settlements, his peo- 
ple could hardly fail to be drawn into some active participation in 
it, either for or against the English, he prudently withdrew to 
safe retreats whenever the hostile forces approached his country ; 
and he displayed not only prudence but, in the case when Capt. 
Mosely marched to Pennacook and burnt his village and destroyed 
the property and stored food of his people, great patience and 
power ; for he restrained his warriors, who pressed him earnestly 
for permission to ambush and cut off Mosely 's company, which 
they were in capacity, both of numbers and opportunity, to do. 

To the friendly intercourse which Dover kept up with Wannalan- 
cet was due, probably in some measure, its immunity from repeated 
assaults. The Wamesits, living at what is now Lowell, formerly 
Chelmsford, were under the supervision of Lieut. Richardson of that 
town, and were a quiet, reputable "praying village" under the im- 
mediate rule of "Numphow," who, as has been intimated, was pro- 
bably the brother-in-law of Wannalancet. These Indians suffered 
a great outrage at the hands of some English Indian -haters, who 
upon the burning of a barn of Lieut. Richardson at Chelmsford by 
some skulking hostile Indians, immediately and without authority as- 
saulted these helpless Wamesits, wounding five women and children, 
and killing outright a lad, wounding his mother, daughter of Saga- 
more John and widow of another sagamore, (f Tohatoonee," a tried 
friend of the English. Xumphow, with his praying village, fled to 
Pennacook to Wannalancet, and wrote to Lieut. Henchman com- 
manding at Chelmsford garrison, a letter explaining their flight. 

It was by 6uch outrages as these that those Indians who inclined 
to peace were alienated, and those already inclined to war embitter- 
ed, and many of the young men of the Wamesits undoubtedly joined 
the hostile Indians, and passed to the eastward to swell the ranks 
and increase the efficiency of those bands of Ammoscoggins and Pe- 
quakets, who, with the " strange Indians " from the Nipmucks and 
western tribes, were carrying destruction to the eastward settlements. 
The Indians were said to be led in general by " Squando," sagamore 
of Saco, formerly a great friend of the English, but, outraged by the 
treatment of his wife and child by some English sailors, became 
filled with vengeful hatred towards all the English. These sailors, 
it is said, seeking to test the common report that Indian children 
could swim naturally, like the young of beasts, maliciously upset 
the canoe containing the woman and child ; the child sank in the river, 
but the mother diving to the bottom saved it, which, however, soon 
after dying, its death was imputed to this treatment. Squando was 
said to be a great powow or wizard, and was probably the most in- 
fluential chief from the Penobscot to the Piscataqua. It was not 
Philip's, but his own war that he was fighting against these eastern 
settlements. Major Walderne's letter and Gen. Denison's appeals 
vol. xlii. 18 

194 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

seem to have moved the United Commissioners to the following 
action : 

Boston Octob: l Pt 1675 
The Commissioners understanding that the Inhabitants of Pascataque, 
and so Eastward, are under great Distress, by Reason of the Rage of the 
Common Enemy, Doe commend it to the honourable Governor and Coun- 
cill of the Mattachusets, that some present Releife may be sent unto them 
according to the present Exigent ; the charges whereof shall be allowed in 
the general Account of the Colonyes. Thomas Danforth, Presid*. 

In the name and by the order of the Commissioners. 

As the people gathered more and more into the garrisons, the 
Indians gathered into larger bodies, with the evident design to reduce 
these garrisons one by one, while they warily watched to cut off all 
stragglers who attempted to pass from one to another. October 7th 
was observed as a day of public humiliation, and on that day three 
men were killed near Newichewannock, and soon after a garrison was 
assaulted and an old man named Beard was killed just outside the 
house, and other houses were burnt. On October 16th a large body 
of Indians, said to be a hundred, gathered towards the settlement of 
Salmon Falls, and surprising Richard Tozer at his house half a mile 
from the garrison, killed him and captured his son. Lieut. Roger 
Plaisted, who was in command at the garrison, hearing the guns of 
this attack, immediately sent seven men to find out the cause, when 
they were ambushed, and two or three were killed, and the others 
barely escaped back to their garrison. Lieut. Plaisted at once des- 
patched a messenger with the following letter to Major Walderne, 
which Mr. Hubbard, believing it to have been "the last Time that 
ever that good and useful Man set Pen to Paper," inserted in his 
history, and probably obtained the letter for that purpose from Ma- 
jor Walderne. 

Salmon Falls October 16, 1675. 
Mr Richard Waldern and Lieut. Coffin, These are to inform you, that 
just now the Indians are engaging us with at least one hundred Men, and 
have slain four of our men already, Richard Tozer, James Barney, Isaack 
Bottes, and Tozer's son and burnt Benoni Hodsden's House; Sir, if ever 
you have any love for us, and the Country, now shew yourself with Men to 
help us, or else we are all in great Danger to be slain, unless our God 
wonderfully appear for our Deliverance. They that cannot fight, let them 
pray ; Nought else, but I rest, 

Yours to serve you 

Signed by Roger Plaisted, 

George Broughton. 

Major Walderne was in no condition now to weaken his own garri- 
sons, and had not the valor of Lieut. Plaisted outrun his discretion, 
his garrison as well as himself and family would have been safe in 
their defence ; but venturing out with an ox-team guarded by twenty 
men, to bring in their dead for burial, they fell into an ambush after 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 195 

they had recovered the body of Tozer, and had returned to the 
swamp near the garrison where the others lay dead. It was the old 
story, a total surprise, a brave but vain defence, a sullen retreat, 
and Lieut. Plaisted with his sons, bravely covering the retreat, was 
surrounded and overwhelmed, but with proud defiance choosing 
death rather than capture, was at last overpowered by numbers and 
slain. His eldest son was also killed in this retreat, and another 
younger son wounded so that he died within a few weeks. The 
desperate fighting of the Plaisteds probably cost the Indians quite 
dearly, as they did not appear the next day when Capt. Charles 
Frost came up from his garrison at Sturgeon Creek (now Eliot, 
Me.) and buried the dead. Within a few weeks, however, they 
returned and began depredations in the same places, and ventured 
a- far as Sturgeon Creek, where Capt. Frost had relaxed his vigi- 
lance and was working on his farm near his house, in which it is 
probable his boys were set to watch. The Indians crept up and 
fired a volley at him before he was aware of their presence ; but he 
escaped unharmed to his own house, where he began to issue orders 
in a loud voice as though he had a large company of soldiers, which 
so frightened the Indians that they passed on and left him unmo- 
lested, though his entire force was but three boys, possibly his sons. 
The Indians then passed down on the Kittery side of the river, 
killed one man and burnt his house, "just over against Portsmouth ;" 
but when a small cannon was fired thence and the shot fell not far 
from them, they were so frightened thereat that they fled, leaving 
much of their plunder. They were pursued by the English at this 
time and tracked far into the woods by means of a light snow, but 
finally escaped into a swamp. This latter service was probably 
under the direction of Major Walderne, although we have no record 
of its details. For some time after this they continued to harass the 
settlements, but near the end of November, when it is said that they 
had killed or captured one hundred and fifty people from the Ken- 
nebec to the Piscataqua, they withdrew to their winter quarters, 
mostly at Ossipee and Pequaket. Gen. Denison designed, and had 
given orders to the officers in those parts to draw out all available men 
in their command to pursue the enemy to their homes and there at- 
tack and destroy them. This design fell through on account of the 
early and severe setting in of winter and the lack of proper snow-shoes 
in sufficient numbers. But the fierceness of the season, and the un- 
i al numbers huddled together, with the probable neglect to secure 
their usual supply of food from harvests, hunting and fishing, so 
pinched them by famine, they were forced to attempt a reconcilia- 
tion, and came to Major Walderne and expressed sorrow for all the 
evil that had been done, and with him concluded a treaty* of peace, 
early in January, which remained unbroken until August, L676. 

* See Council Minutes, BiaM. Axchires, Vol. 68, p. 122. 

196 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [April, 

Before June, 1676, the southern Indians, scattered and pursued 
from their tribes and homes, and fearing extermination, had hidden 
themselves amongst these eastern Indians, and hoped to escape thus 
the vengeance of the English. In the mean time the eastern tribes 
themselves, through the mediation of Wannalancet and Major Wal- 
derne, were trying in various ways to atone for past crimes. June 
3, 1676, Wannalancet came in with several others of his sachems 
and brought some English captives, and also the Indians who had 
been en^a^ed in the killing of Thomas Kembal of Bradford, a month 
before, and the capture of his family. This Indian was called 
"Symon " in the petition of Kembal's widow for redress, August 1, 
1676. Two others were taken and delivered up at this time, "An- 
drew," who was implicated witli Symon, and Peter, engaged in another 
crime ; these were delivered by Wannalancet and his chiefs, and 
the captives, among them Kembars family, were offered as a token 
of their repentance and as an atonement for their crime. But our 
magistrates, a little doubtful that the price was sufficient, threw 
these three Indians into prison at Dover for the time, from which 
they soon escaped, and going to the eastward joined the Kennebec 
and Ammoscomnns in the renewed hostilities later on. 

The following is the treaty of July 3d, 1676 : 

Pascataqua River, Coeheclio 3: July [1G7G] 
At a meeting of y e Committee appointed by y e IIono rd Gen 1 Court for tc 
treat y c Indians of the Eastern Parts in order for y e procuring an IIon ble 
Peace with them. ^Yee w th y e mutual] consent of y e Sagamores Underwrittei 
in behalfe of themselves & the Men — Indians belonging to them beinj 
about 300 in Number, have agreed as followetli : 

l ly That henceforwards none of y c said Indians shall offer any Violence 
to y e persons of any English, nor doe any Damage to theyr Estates in any 
kind whatsoever. And it' any Indian or Indians shall offend herein they 
shall bring or cause to bee brought y c offender to some English authority, 
there to be prosecuted by y e English Lawes according to y e Nature of y e 

2 ly That none of said Indians shall entertain at any Time any of oui 
Enemies, but shall give psent notice to y e Comittee when any come amon| 
them, Ingaging to goe forth w th y e English against them (if desired) ii 
order to y e seizing of them. And if any of s d Indians shall themselves at 
any time bring such o r Enemies unto us, they shall for their Reward have 
£3, for each they shall so bring in. 

3 ly The Indians performing on theyr part, as is before expressed, wee 
y e Committee doe ingage in y e behalfe of y e English not to offer any Vie 
lence to any of their persons or estates, and if any injury be offered to saie 
Indians by any English, they complaini ng to Authority, y e offender shall be 
prosecuted by English Lawes according to y e nature of y e offence. In 
witnes to each & all y e gmises we have mutually shaken hands and 
subscribed o r Names. 

1888.] Instruction in Psalmody in Boston. 197 

The mark -f- Wannalancet* Sagam' 
i Richard Waldem The mark -f- Sampson Aboquacemoka 
Committee < Nic: Shapleigh The mark -j- Mr. W m Sagamore 
( Tho: Daniel The mark -f- Squando, Sagamore 

The mark -j- Dony 
The mark -j- Serogumba 

Sam 11 Numphow 
The mark -f- Warockomee 
Mass. Arch. Vol. 30, p. 20G. 

[To be continued.] 



Communicated by Dr. William Lee, of Washington, D. C. 

THE following n Articles of Agreement " are copied from an 
old and worn piece of sheepskin used as a wrapper placed 
around some old deeds belonging to the estate of John Lee, one of 
the signers. It is evidently the original document, and. not a copy. 
John Lee was born in Concord, Mass., in 1717, was afterwards a 
blacksmith in Boston, and died, single, in Concord, 1761. He 
siiiiis his mark to these articles, but later in life and before 1750 he 
was sufficiently educated to attach his own signature in very good 
style to legal papers. 

Articles of Agreement. 

We whose names are underwritten do mutually agree to abide by, 
comply with, and conform ourselves in every respect to the articles within 

First: We do agree to put ouerselves under the tuishion and instruction 
of Mr. Sam 1 Holbrook to be by him Instructed in the Rules of Psalmody. 

2 ,y , We do agree (in order to be tought the above Rules) to meet once 
a week at the house of Mr. Sam 1 Pitcher and we do appoint the time for 
this Quarter to be thursday at seven a Clock in the evening and so to alter 
the time Each Quarter as the Company shall think Proper. 

3 ly That if any one of us is Absent after said hour he shall forfit the 
sum of one shilling ould termor. 

4 ly We do agree to chuse a Clark to Receive such fines as may be Du 
ifor' 1 and Render an Acct. of the same and all other money that he shall 
l^ceve of the Company for the Maintenance of the Society once every 
three months. 

* Each of these made liis own mark before his name, which was written by a clerk. 

The original papei I In Mass. Archives, Vol. 30. Of the Indiana here signing, 

except Wannalancet and Squando, not much is known. Sampson Is snpposi d to have 

i from the east as far as Kennebec. Mr. W 1 " Sagamore was probably a teacher of tho 

" Praying Indians." Dony was of the Ammoscoggins ; Serognmba perhaps of the 

3, and Warockomee of the Peqaakets, though the assignment of these two last is 
scarcely more than a guess. Sam 11 Nomphow was a ruler of the WamesitS, a Christian 

VOL. XLII. 18* 


Notes and Queries, 


5 ,y We do a^ree not to sing after the liouer of nine and then that who 
Ever is so minded may withdraw and that if aney are inclined to stay 
longer they may not Exceede the honer of ten. 

6 ly We do agree thet no person be Invited or admitted as a member 
with onte the Consent of the Maj* part of the Society. 

7 ly We Do agree that Every Person upon his Entrance shall pay to the 
Clarke ten sliill" Old tennor that so the stock is kept good. 

8 ly We Do asree to Conforme oner selves with Regard to all the Clauses 
of Each of the Above Articals to the maj* Vote of y e Com y . 

Sam 1 Ilolbrook 

Sam 11 Pitcher 
William Beairsto 
David W 1 1 < m -1 » • i- 
Joho , " :llk I 
• ' leph " liUk Lawrence 
Caleb Eddy 

i Caton ? 
Nathaniel Walker 
Thomas Baker 


1 1 s. 

Town Lists "i Voi •■ i ra the War ros the Preservation of the Union.- 
In the town reports of North Chelsea, Mass., for the years 1862, l*<i.'5, 1864 am 
1865, are printed Lists ol the ?olunteei nlisted in the Ben ice of their country, 

during the year preceding tin; issue ol tin- several reports, with some details of tin 
rial history of tin- Boldiers. The lists were prepared by the treasurer of thai 
town, Benjamin II. Dewing, Esq. Other towns have followed this excellent 
example, hut. as far as the editor knows, no other town began as early to print 
BUCh lists. It there are Others, he would like to lie informed. Mr. Dewing says, in 
his prefatory remarks : " A record Of this kind, apart from its utility, will possess 
another interest that should not he overlooked. The generations that are to corns 
will learn from it that the small town of North Chelsea did g imething lor the 
rescue of the country in this hour of peril. A leaf of interesting history will 
thus be afforded lor the future volume, that, in process ol time, may be written 
— 4 The History of North Chelsea.' " EDITOR. 

Noyes. — I find in the History of Windham, X. II., an error in regard to th 
N res family of that town. The author claims for it a descent from Rev. Jame 
Noyes, of Newbury ; whereas the true line is this: Nicholas and Mary (Cutting 

-. John and Mary (Poor) Noyes, John and Mary (Thurlow) Noyes, " 
Susanna (Jaques) Noyes. Moses, son of the last named, was the progei 
family of that name in Windham. 

JSeiubury, Mass. 


. ) 

Moses and 

gen i tor of the 

M. T. L. 


Hooper Queries. — William Hooper and Mary Hamm were married in Provi- 
dence, R. I.. Aug. 8, 1784. Can anyone tell who he was. or give an account of his 
family and descendants? 

Zalmuna, son of Nathaniel Hooper, of Bridgewater, Mass., married Oct. 7, 1781, 
Hopcfrtill, daughter of Joseph Pool. Can anyone tell where they lived and died, 
and give an account of their family and descendants? 

1888.] Notes and Queries. 199 

Thomas Hooper, of Bridgewater, Mass., son probably of Nathaniel, married 1795, 
Susanna Fobes. Can anyone tell where they lived and died, and give an account 
of their descendants? 

Betsey, daughter of Nathaniel Hooper, of Bridgewater, Mass., married Sept. 14, 
1790, Benjamin Fry, of Middleborough. They afterwards lived in or near Win- 
chendon, Mass., and I believe had a son Benjamin and daughter Olive. Can any- 
one tell when the father and mother died, or give the names of the children? 

Martin, son of Percy Hooper, born in Bridgewater, Mass., between 1784-1800. 
Can anyone tell who he married or give any account of his family or descendants ? 

Information concerning any of the above mentioned persons will be gladly re- 
ceived by Thomas Hooper, Jr. 

352 Washington St., Boston. 

"Waller. — A friend, an accomplished lady, whose singular diffidence leads her 
to request the present mediation, has been for years engaged on, and has made 
material progress in the preparation, for due publication in book form, of a gene- 
alogy of the descendants in America (with retrospect of the English ancestry) of 
John Waller, M.D., by tradition of the family of the poet Edmund Waller; a 
prominent citizen of Newport-Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, England, and who was 

alive in 1688, with the following issue by his wife Mary ( ): Leonard, 

William, John, Mary, Thomas, Steven, Benjamin, Edmund, James, and Jemima. 
Of these, Edmund, M.D., a Senior Fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, died 
there in 1745, and John, the third son (and perhaps others of his brothers and 
sisters), emigrated to Virginia near the close of the 17th century. He became a 
prominent and influential citizen of Spotsylvania county : was its first Clerk and 
probably its Lieutenant, as he was styled in preserved documents, " Colonel." He 
married Dorothea King and had a numerous issue. The representatives of the 
Waller family have been prominent throughout the Southern and Western States, 
and have been constantly held in the highest social estimation. 

Benjamin Waller, jurist and patriot, gave earnest service in the American Revo- 
lution, and his daughter Dorothea was the mother of Littleton Waller Tazewell, 
Governor of Va. and U. S. Senator. 

Correspondence is solicited with all interested, and especially with the represen- 
tatives of Dr. John Waller, and his wife Mary ( ) as above. 

It may be addressed to. me, and the assurance be held of appreciative response. 
Richmond, Va. R. A. Brock. 

Singing, the New "Way and the Old Way. — The records of Wallingford, Conn., 
have preserved certain proceedings by " y e east wd Society " in regard to singing, 
more than a century and a half ago. 

Oct. 18, 1731. — " The question was put whether the society would grant liberty 
to such as Desired to meet in y e metting house to learn to sing that they may so 
doe." Decided affirmatively. 

Feb. 8, 1732. — " Voted by the Society that they are willing to comply with what 
the church did voat concerning singing the new way as it is called." But the 
clerk entered the names of fourteen " decentors." Under the same date — " Voated 
that this society Desirs & agreas to sing in y c publick assembly on y e Sabath, half 
y e time in y c new & half in y e old way, for six Sabbath ; & after that wholly in y e 
new way." 

What transition is here referred to? In Dr. Linsley's discourse on the one hun- 
dred and fifth anniversary of the Second Congregational Church in Greenwich, Conn., 
there is dated a noteworthy revolution in the mode of singing in that church, viz., 
November, 1764 : " Voted to sing in the congregation without reading line by line." 
| 28 Worcester St., Boston. Myron A. Munson. 

[Rev. John Tufts published his book to teach singing by note in 1712, and 2d 
edition in 1714, at Newburyport ; before that time every church had its own musical 
leader, who varied (he time and the length of different notes at their own nweet will ; 
in this way each church sung differently, and at ordinations and conventions the 
people of one church alone could do the singing, or the confusion of tongues, like 
Babel renewed, was the consequence. 

It appears to have taken twenty years for the new method of "singing by note " 
which supplanted the old method of " siuging by rote " to reach Wallingford. 

J. C. J. Brown.] 

200 JVbtes and Queries, [April, 

Dartmouth College Graduates. — Information is wanted concerning the following 
graduates of Dartmouth College and Dartmouth Medical College. The following 
notes give the substance of what is now known. John M. Comstock. 

Chelsea, Vt. 

Dartmouth College. 

1773. Stephen Davis, son of Thomas and Martha (Squire) Davis, was born at 
Mansfield, Ct., Nov. 17, 1750. United with the church at Mansfield in 1774. 

1774. Elisha Porter. Statements by Rev. Dr. Chapman, that he was probably a 
son of Joseph of JBloomfield, Ct., and died at "Wethersfield, Ct., about 1835, have 
not been verified alter considerable research. 

1775. William May, son of Capt. Nehemiah and Anna (Lyon) May, was born at 
Woodstock, Ct., Aug. 10, 175*2. Parents early removed to Brimtield, Mass. Was 
a chaplain in the Revolutionary Army, serving at White Plains, and probably at 
Stillwater and Saratoga. 

177f>. Solomon Woleott, born at Windsor, Ct. Pastor of Cong, church at North 

Stamford, Ct., 1781-5; Wintonbury, now Bloomfield, Ct., 1786-90. Thought 

to have gone to the vicinity of Canajoharie, N. Y. 
1778. Benjamin Bart. Dr. Chapman says he was from Longmeadow, Mass., but 

this is \ery doubtful. 
1778. Nehemiah Finn. Thought to be from Salem Co., N. J., and certainly was in 

Paterson, N. J., in 1778. 
1778. Kbene/.er Johnson. Perhaps from Ellington or AVillington, Ct. 

1778. Nathaniel Smith was probably the Nathaniel, son of John and Anna Smith, 
who was born in Middleboro', Mass., Nov. 8. 1750. He was certainly a grandson 
of Nathaniel of Middleboro', who owned laud in Cornwall, Ct. 

1779. Sewall Ohapin, son of Blisna and Miriam (Ely) Chapin, was born in W. 
Springfield, Mass., in 1754, is said to have been a teacher, and to have died at 
Weetover (?), Va., in 1787. 

1779. Ezekiel Oolburn, son of Josepb and Elizabeth (Lampkin) Colburn, was born 
in Ct. about 1751 ; studied theology and law ; " went West." 

1779. John Jones, sou of Col. Ezra and Elizabeth (Jennison) Jones, was born at 
Barre, Mass.. Feb. 24, 1764. 

1788. Hugh Holmes. Said to have come from Montreal, Canada. 

1784. David Searl, son of Joaiab and Elizabeth (Bartlett) Searl, was born in 
Southampton, Mass., 1755. In 1776-7 was in the Revolutionary Army. Became 
a teacher, removing frequently from place to place. His wife and children left 
him in Virginia, and never afterwards heard from him. 

1786. Daniel Gordon, eon of Daniel and Jeannette Gordon, was born in Lisbon, 
Ct., 1765. Married Priscilla Pierce oi Plainfield, Ct. Practised medicine at 
Plainficld, and removed thence to the vicinity of Granville, N. Y. 

1787. David Hazeltine, died at Williamstown, Mass., Dec. 5, 1790, aged 25. 

1788. Thomas Brooks. Of him nothing is known. 

1788. Benjamin Chapman Curtis. A sister married Col. Cooley of Rupert, Vt., 
who early settled in the town of DeRuyter, N. Y. 

1790. Simon Griffin Morrison. Is said to have died early at the Bermudas. 

17!) 1. John Waldo Ames, son of Thaddeus and Irene (Waldo) Ames, was from 
Orange, N. II., and was born about 1755. Entered the ministry of the Dutch 
Reformed Church, preached in N. Y., Pa., and Canada. 

1791. John Walbridge, son of Isaac and Hannah (Smith) Walbridge, was from 
Lebanon, N. II. Practised medicine in Maine, removing thence to Western New 

1793. Samuel Crossett, from Pelham, Mass., where he practised medicine. Also 

taught at Jamaica, N. Y. 
1793. Jonathan Davis, son of Jonathan and Rebecca (Parker) Davis, was born in 

Mansfield, Ct., Mar. 14, 1763. Said to have been a farmer near Whitestown, N. Y. 
1793. Silas Paul, son of Edward and Elizabeth (Short) Paul, was from Killingly, 

Ct. Practised law at Leominster, Mass., whence he removed about 1800. Said 

to have settled near Madison, N. Y. 

1793. Warner Rogiers was from the island of Santa Cruz, W. I., and married 
Elizabeth Shaw or Shum, at or near Parsippany, N. J. 

1794. John Conway was from Castleton, Vt. Is said to have become a Methodist 
preacher in Tennessee. 

1794. Ashbel Fenton, son of Maj. Elijah and Lois (Hovey) Fenton, was born at 
Willington, Ct., Nov. 17, 1771. 

1888.] Notes and Queries, 201 

1794. Gershom Galusha, son of David and Charity (Luther) Galusha, was uurn at 
Shaftsbury, Vt., Mar. 27, 1774. Said to have died in Virginia about 1806. 

1794. Joseph Harvey was a lawyer, and is said to have died at Lawrenceburg, 
Ind., about 18*27. 

1794. Darius Shaw taught at New Ipswich, N. II., and Lexington, Mass. Married 
Lucy, daughter of Simon Winshipof Lexington, July, 1797. Left L. about 1801. 

1795. Alpheus Cheney was born at Sturbridge, Mass. Was a book-keeper at 
^Painted Post. N. Y., whence he removed to Pa. about 1812. 

1797. John Whitney, son of Ezra and Mercy (Morse) Whitney, was born at 
Douglas. Mass. Was insane. Was he the " John Whitney, a stranger," who 
died at Georgetown, Ky., Feb. 1824? 

1798. Archibald Burnett. Received the degree of A.M. from Middlebury College 
in 1803. 

1798. William Craig, was assistant instructor at Phillips Exeter Academy in 1797-9. 
1798. Phineas Howe, son of Dea. Jotham and Mary (Kimball) Howe, was from 

Hopkinton, N. II. Practised law at Deerficld and Weare, N. H., and is said to 

have gone to the vicinity of Marcellus, N.Y. 
1798. William Moody, son of Humphrey and Abigail (Peaslee) Moody, was from 

Andover, Mass. (or perhaps Maine). Taught at Portland, Me., and "went 

South ; " last heard from at Baltimore, Md. 

1798. Nathaniel Sparhawk died at Roxbury, Mass., Nov. 16, 1802, aged 21. 

1799. Luther Emerson, son of Rev. Ezekiel and Catherine (Dorr) Emerson, was 
born in Georgetown, Me., Sept. 26, 1772. Practised law in Bangor, Blue Hill, 
and Sedgwick. Me.; removed to Ohio about 1815. 

1800. Alexander Conkey, son of Alexander Conkey, was from Pelham, Mass. 
Studied theology ; was received, Dec. 17, 1806, as a licentiate, by the Presbytery 
of Oneida (N. ¥.), from the Presbytery of Londonderry, and was ordained pastor 
of the church at Milford,N. Y. Suspended from the ministry by this Presbytery, 
Feb. 16, 1831, then being in parts unknown. 

1800. David Curtis, son of David or Joseph Curtis, was from East Sudbury, now 
Way land, Mass. Read law and went to Canada. Is he the David Curtis who 
died at Monroe, Orange Co., N. Y., Apr., 1835, aged 54? 

1800. John Dane, son of Lieut. William and Phebe Dane, was born in Andover, 
Mass., Nov. 16, 1779. Ordained pastor of the Cong, church at Newtield, Me., 
Feb. 16, 1803, and dismissed Jan. 13, 1804, on charges of immorality. 

1802. John Ruggles Cutting, son of William Cutting, was from Acton, Mass. 
Ordained pastor of the Cong, church at Waldoboro', Me., Aug. 19, 1807, and 
dismissed Mar. 12, 1812. Became a communicant of the Episcopal church. Taught 
in Boston, Worcester, and Greenfield, Mass., and went South or West. 

1802. Nathan Wood, son of John and Anna (Ball) Wood, was from Hanover, N. 
H. Practised medicine in Strafford, Vt., and went West. 

1803. Enoch Erie (or Ela) Tilton, son of Jacob and Mary (Hayes) Tilton, was 
born at Sanbornton, N. 11., Mar. 20, 1779. Practised law in Virginia and at or 
near Newburg, N.Y. 

1806. Nathan Kimball Clough was from Francestown, N. H. Read law and went 

early to Ohio. 
1809. Ira Allen Partridge, son of Eli and Persis (Earle) Partridge, was born in 

Chesterfield. N. II., July 19, 1785. Taught in a military school at Middletown, 

Ct., for a time. 
1818. Joseph Haynes. From Portland, Me. 
1829. Moses Stone. From St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Dartmouth Medical College. 
1800. Joshua Bartlett. The christian name is not improbably wrong. The 
records of the Medical College previous to 1819 are lost, and the name cannot be 

1804. Abraham Mason. 
1808. Benjamin 1 lunkins. 
1811. Oliver Hubbard. 

1813. William G. Dickinson. From Charlestown, Mass. 

1813. Samuel Elder. From Northampton, Mass. 

1813. James Thurber. From Clarendon, Vt. 

1814. Artemas Bobbins. 

1815. Seth Bass. From Salem, Mass. 

202 Notes and Queries. [April, 

1816. -Rufus Hills. 

1817. Zebulon Rood. 

1818. Jesse Wood. From Alstead, N. H. 

1819. Hosea Palmer Cobb. From Woodstock, Vt. 

1819. Austin George. From Bradford, N. H. Settled in Ohio. 

1819. Curtis Parkhurst. From Springfield, Pa. 

1819. Joseph Tozier. 

1822. Michael Martyn. From Williamstown, Vt. 

1823. Jesse Wedgewood Mighill. From Parsonsfield, Me. Settled in Portland, 
Me., whence he went West. 

Merritt.— Who were the parents, wives and children of the following Merrills : 
Ezekiel, of Newport, 1638: George, of Perth Amboy, 1694; Isaac, of Bristol, Pa., 
168-1; John, of Scituate, 1652 (brother of first Henry) ; John, of New York, 1641 ; 
John, of Salem, 1674; Richard (wife Mary Simmons), of Boston, 1685 ? Who 
were the parents and wives of the following: Henry Merritt, of Scituate, 1626; 
Thomas Merritt, of Rye, L680; Robert Ashley, of Springfield, 1639; Humphrey 
Brown, of Rhode Island, 1710; Henry Dillingham, of Sandwich, 1660; Ichabod 
Hopkins, of Oyster Bay, 1700; John Rathbone, of Block Island, 1660; David 
Sutherland, of Ban-all." N. Y., ITjO ; William Wood, of Dartmouth, 1710 ? 

Leacole, Rhinebeck, N. Y. Douglas Mersitt, 

Joseph Parkeb, 3d, of Andover (born May 15, 1642, died April 6, 1681), married 
October 7. 1680, Elizabeth, widow of Obadiah Bridges (whom she married Oct. 25, 
1676). Can anyone tell me her maiden name, and those oi' her parents? She mar- 
ried, 3d, Samuel llutchin A. 13. Poor. 

SARAH Gloter married (as his -2d wife) Henry Short, of Newbury, Oct. 9, 1648. 
He died May 5, 1673, and she married 3d (as his 2d wife) Robert Adams, of New- 
bury, Feb. 6, 1678, and died Oct. 84, 1607. Is it known whose daughter she was? 

A. B. Took. 

Taylor. — I shall he grateful for any information concerning the ancestry of James 
Taylor, who, with his wife Anna, was living in Beverly in 1786. lie afterwards 

removed to Londonderry, Warren and Sutton, N. 11., and Salem, Ma 

Taunton, Mass. Thomas J. Taylor. 

Semplr. — Can anyone inform me who John and Thomas Semple, members of the 
Scots Charitable Society, Boston, were? John became a member in 1773, and 
Thomas in 1799. Thomas was secretary of the Society from 1802 to 1814, and 1821 
to 18*29. William A. Semple. 

Broad Brook, Conn. 

Hodgkins. — 1 will be very thankful to receive information of the ancestry of 
Elizabeth Hodgkins, who married William Palmer at Scituate in 1633, and after- 
ward John Willis, of Duxbury. K. H. Mitchell. 

Nevada, Iowa. 

Boynton. — I wish also the ancestry of John Boynton and Lydia Jewett his wife, 
whom be married May 6, 1745. lie was then of West Dunstable, afterward of 
(Hollis?), N. H. Any information respecting the above will be very gratefully 
received. R. II. Mitchell. 

Nevada, Iowa. 


Indians named Folsom {ante, p. 108). — I had seen the name Folsom among in- 
habitants of the Indian Territory ; but in compiling the Folsom Genealogy, omit- 
ted this family, supposing it was descended from persons of the name who emigrated 
from England to one of the southern states. I recently received a letter, written 

1888.] Notes and Queries. 203 

by an Indian of the Choctaw tribe, named Folsom, from which it seems that the 
Folsonis of that tribe descended from Jo tin Folsom, born in Hingham, in Eng- 
land, who died in Exeter, N. H., 1681. 

About the year 1720, Israel, a grandson of John the emigrant, removed from 
Stratham, N. H., to Ash ford, Conn. His sons were Samuel, whose daughter mar- 
ried Sir John Stirling of Edinburgh, Scotland; Nathaniel, Israel and Ebenezer. 
One of them, either Nathaniel or Ebenezer, was inclined to rove. He married in 
New Jersey, and in 1756 had a son Nathaniel, born in Rowan Co., N. C, where he 
then resided. When this boy was nineteen years old he left home and settled with 
the Choctaw Indians, then in Mississippi, where he married and had twenty-four 
children. In 1832 they removed to the Indian Territory, now occupied by the 
Choctaw nation, where he died in October, 1833. 

Soon after Nathaniel Folsom settled with the Indians, his mother died, and his 
brother Ebenezer joined the Indians and had many descendants among them. 

It is said his descendants have been men of intelligence and influence in the 
nation. One of his sons was a Presbyterian preacher, a man of much ability and 
eloquence, and was living in 1885. The descendants of these twenty-four children 
have been numerous and highly honored by their nation, holding many offices, civil 
and military. One of the number, Joseph P. Folsom, born 1823, graduated at 
Dartmouth College in 1854, and became a teacher among his people. 

Exeter, N. H. Jacob Chapman. 

The Lloyd and Morse Mansion, Boston (ante, xli. 265). — I was interested in the 
notice of k ' an old landmark of Boston " in the July number of the Register, page 

1 boarded in the house in 1832 and 1833. The house was kept by Mrs. Jackson, 
who afterwards married Dr. Lyman Beecher — in 1834, 1 think. She was a woman 
of a good deal of energy and force of character. The company was always an 
agreeable one. Among those who were then there I remember Prof. E. A. An- 
drews, Mr. Reed of Marblehead, a brother and two sisters of Gen. Dix, Mr. Hough- 
ton, editor of the Atlas, and others. I remember that my room looked out upon 
the Pemberton Gardens (Mary Pemberton was my great-grandmother), the Navy 
Yard and harbor. 

In August, 1833, the stage-coach called for me to start for Baltimore. The first 
night we arrived at Hartford, the second at New York, the third at Philadelphia, 
and the fourth at Baltimore. J. Henry Stickney. 

Historical Intelligence. 

George W. Marshall, LL.D., Rouge Croix Pursuivant in the College or 
Arms. — As a member of the Committee on Heraldry of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society, I wish to add a few words to the notice of this gentleman in 
the last number, particularly as he has long been agreeably associated with this 
Society, as well as with the learned associations of Great Britain. He has been a 
constant contributor to the chief antiquarian magazines of the old world, and has 
occasionally favored the columns of our own Register. 

His work, " The Genealogist's Guide,'' is invaluable as an index in looking up 
the early history of families in Great Britain, pointing out as it does the chief 
printed works and articles that should be consulted. As a mark of appreciation, 
some time since this Society appointed him one of its representatives at the cele- 
bration of the eight hundredth anniversary of the completion of the Domesday 
Book. Among the many signs of his popularity in his own country, another honor, 
as was stated in the last number of this periodical, has recently been conferred upon 
him by His Grace, the Duke of Norfolk, as hereditary Earl Marshal, by his appoint- 
ment of Mr. Marshall to the position of Rouge Croix Pursuivant. 

The creation of the office of Rouge Croix is of considerable antiquity, having 
been one of the official acts of Henry the 5th ; it was in existence more than half a 
century before the College of Heralds, which Richard the 3d established for his 
Heralds on March 2d, 1483. 

Among the persons of distinction which have filled this position in the past I 
shall mention only a few names, as follows : 

Thomas Benolte, who was advanced to the rank of Windsor Herald and finally 
honored by being created Norroy King at Arms. In 1526-9 he received a com- 

204 Notes and Queries* [April, 

mission for making heraldic visitations, and to him we are indebted for the earliest 
works on this subject. 

John Gwillim was also Rouge Croix. He is particularly identified with the work 
known as " The Display of Heraldry," to which his name is prefixed. 

William Dugdale, th'e friend of Henry Spelman, entered the College of Arms 
first as Blanch Lion Pursuivant Extraordinary, from this post promoted as Rouge 
Croix Pursuivant, advanced as Chester Herald, then Norroy King at Arms, and 
finally on May 24, 1677, was solemnly created Garter, Principal King at Arms, and 
on the following day received the honor of Knighthood. He will always be re- 
membered by those celebrated antiquarian works, " Monasticon Anglicanum " and 
" The Baronage of England." 

Peter le Neve held this position before becoming Richmond Herald, and Norroy 
King at Arms ; the latter honor was conferred upon him in 1764. To him we are 
indebted for the careful preservation of the Paston Letters of the reigns of Henry 
6th, Edward 4th and Richard 3d, and from his accurate and extensive knowledge 
he was chosen the first president of the learned Society of Antiquaries upon its 
revival in 1717. 

Besides these members of the college it seems appropriate that I should mention, 
William Segar, the learned Camden, Elias Ashmole, Thomas Glover, Francis Sand- 
ford, Francis Grose and Joseph Edmundson, all of whom held official positions in 
the College of Arms, and whose works to-day are among the chief authorities to be 
consulted on antiquarian subjects. 

The appointment of George W. Marshall, LL.D., to the position of Rouge Croix 
Pursuivant, must be an undoubted pleasure to his many friends, and, I trust, 
without neglecting the duties of his oilice, he will still have time to use his pen for 
the benefit of the general public, as we'll as giving to individuals the opportunities 
of availing themselves of ins valued services iu bringing to light many of the un- 
published manuscripts of the College, relating to Heraldry, History and Genealogy, 
which no doubt he will he willing to do, as the emoluments of the office depend to 
a considerable extent on private researches. 

A. D. Weld French. 

Medical History and Biographt of New Hampshire. — This work is in prepara- 
tion by Irving A. Watson. A.M., M.D., Concord, N. II , Secretary of the New 
Hampshire State Board of Health, and Secretary of the American Public Health 

It is intended to make this work, which is now well under way, complete to the 
time of publication, and no pains will be spared to obtain all facts of interest relat- 
ing to the practice of medicine in the state since its settlement in 1623 to the pre- 
sent time. A short biography of every reputable physician who has practised medi- 
cine in New Hampshire is desired. Any person who will furnish matter of interest 
in connection with the work — biographical sketches, old manuscripts (bills, day- 
books, accounts, history of epidemics, etc.) — will confer a great favor. Illustra- 
tions of representative medical men will be admitted. The work will be completed 
and published with no other view than to present a thoroughly reliable history, 
with accurate and impartial biographies. The work is being written and compiled 
under the auspices of the New Hampshire Medical Society. 

JoSEPn Jackson Howard, LL.D., F.S.A., a corresponding member of the New 
England Historic Genealogical Society, has recently been appointed Maltravers 
Herald Extraordinary. For an antiquary, it is quite a delightful position, with 
the privileges of the valuable library of the College of Arms. These advantages will 
no doubt greatly assist Mr. Howard in editing the work he is engaged upon, " The 
Genealogies of the Principal Roman Catholic Families of England." Among his 
other works may be mentioned the Visitations of Suffolk, Kent, Surrey and London. 
He was one of the two founders of the Harleian Society, a member of the Senate of 
the University of Cambridge, member of the Society of Antiquaries, Honorary 
member of the Society of Antiquaries of New Castle on Tyne, of the Norfolk and 
Suffolk Archaeological Society, and a member of the Council of the Kent and Surrey 
Societies. A. D. Weld French. 

1888.] Notes and Queries. 205 

Genealogies in Preparation. — Persons of the several names are advised to fur- 
nish the compilers of these genealogies with records of their own families and other 
information which they think may be useful. We would suggest that all facts of 
interest illustrating family history or character be communicated, especially service 
under the U. S. government, the holding of other offices, graduation from colleges 

professional schools, occupation, with places and dates of births, marriages, resi- 
dence and death. When there are more than one christian name they should all 
be given in full if possible. No initials should be used when the full names are 

Brainard. By Miss Lucy A. Brainard, Hartford, Conn. — Miss Brainard has in 
paration a volume on the genealogy of this family, and desires all of the name, 
who have not already done so, to send her the genealogical records of their families. 
She \vi>hes to obtain any information that can be furnished throwing light on the 
early history of Daniel Brainard, of Hartford, Conn., the pioneer and ancestor of 
the Brainards of New England, in addition to that contained in the Brainard 
I ilogy by Rev. David Dudley Field, D.D., published in 1857. 

Lovejny. By Mrs. A. C. Pratt, f>3 Washington Ave., Chelsea, Mass. — A gene- 
alogy of the descendants of John Lovejoy, of Andovcr, Mass., is in course of 
paration. Persons of the name and connection are urged to assist in this work 
by -ending records and other information relating to this family. 

Mitchell. By R. H. Mitchell, of Nevada, Iowa. — Mr. Mitchell has been for 
ne time collecting data for a genealogical history of the descendants of Experi- 
ence Mitchell, who came to Plymouth in 16*23 and settled in Duxbury, and after- 
ward in Bridgewater, Mass. ; and will be pleased to receive records of the families 
of such persons, or any information tending to advance the work. 

Munsell. By F. Munsell, 8-2 State St., Albany, N. Y.— Mr. Munsell wishes to 
obtain information which will assist him in compiling a genealogy of the Munsell 
family. All of the name trace back to Thomas of New London, Conn., 1683, but 
there may be a connection between him and Robert, who sailed for New England 
in 1679. 

Olney. By James II. Olney, P. 0. Box 1015, Providence, R. I. — The work 

which is devoted to the descendants of Thomas Olney, of Providence, R. I., 1636, 

has been in progress over seven years and is now nearly ready for publication, and 

scriptions are solicited. The volume will contain the record of from five to six 

I Olneys, and will be printed in clear type, on good paper, and well bound. 

The- price, post paid, is $3 for a single copy, or $2.50 a copy for five or more copies. 

oyer. By A. Carter, No. 3 Howe St., Worcester, Mass. 

pie. By William A. Scmple, of Broad Brook, Conn. — Mr. Semple has com- 
i a geneal >gical history of the family of Semple, from 1211 to 1888, which is 
in the hands of the publishers. Most of the family settled in Virginia and 
K ntucky, though our branch came to Connecticut. 

?ord. A new edition of the Spofford Genealogy is in the hands of the 

printer-, Alfred Mudge & Co., of Boston. It was originally published in pamphlet 

) in 1851, and re-issued in 1869, by the late Dr. Jeremiah Spofford, of Crove- 

lan I. y\ - . of whom the forthcoming edition will be a memorial. The book is to 

loo pages, with numerous portraits and other illustrations, 

and will be ready for delivery in September, 1888, at a Reunion of the family, in 

•ration of the 250th anniversary of the arrival in this country of their iiiimi- 

•t or, John Spofford, who settled at Rowley, Mass., with Rev. E/ekiel 

Inipiiries concerning the work, or items of interest in the history of the 

lily, may be addressed to Miss A. T. Spofford, Groveland, Mass. 

ks. By Rev. Jacob Chapman, Exeter, N. II.— Rev. Mr. Chapman has pre- 
! a volume on this family, entitled "Leonard Weeks and his Descendants ; ,J 
with an appendix containing genealogical notices of many other families connect • 1 
with this. It will be printed in an octavo volume oi three hundred pagt 

an'i will be put to pr i Lgh copies to p i 


VOL. XL 1 1. VJ 

206 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 


New-England Historic Genealogical Society. 

Boston, Massachusetts, Wednesday, January 4, 1888. The annual meet- 
ing was held at the Society's House, 18 Somerset Street, this afternoon, at 
three o'clock, the president, Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., in the chair. 

The recording secretary, David Greene Haskins, Jr., read the record of 
the proceedings at the December meeting. 

Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., chairman of the nominating committee, reported a 
list of officers for the current year, and the persons nominated were unani- 
mously elected. The officers for 1888 are : — 

President. — Abner C. Goodell, Jr., A.M., of Salem, Mass. 

Vice-Presidents. — William Endicott, Jr., of Boston; Hon. Joseph Wil- 
liamson, A.M., of Belfast, Me.; Hon. Joseph B. Walker, A.B., of Concord, 
N. H.; Hon. Horace Fairbanks,* of St. Johnsbury, Vt. ; William Gammell, 
LL.D., of Providence, II. I.; Hon. Edwin H. Bugbee,of Killingly, Conn. 

Honorary Vice-Presidents. — George William Curtis, LL.D., of W. New 
Brighton, N. Y.; Hon. Rutherford B. Hayes, LL.D., of Fremont, O.; Hon. 
John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 111. ; Hon. William A. Richardson, 
LL.D., of Washington, D. C; Rev. Joseph F. Tuttle, D.D., of Crawfords- 
ville, Ind.; Lyman C. Draper, LL.D., of Madison, Wis.; Rt. Rev. William 
S. Perry, D.D., LL.D., of Davenport, Iowa; Rt. Rev. William I. Kip, D.D., 
LL.D., of San Francisco, Cal. ; William II. Egle, A.M., M.D., of Harrisbnrg, 
Penn.; Rev. Charles Breck, D.D., of Wilmington, Del.; Rev. Edward D. 
Neill, D.D., of St. Paul, Minn.; Hon. Hovey K. Clarke, of Detroit, Mich.; 
Charles C Jones, LL.D., of Savannah, Ga.; Rev. Willard F. Mallalieu, 
D.D., of New Orleans, La.; Rev. Philip Slaughter, D.D., of Mitchell's Sta- 
tion, Va. ; John Gilmary Shea, LL.D., of Elizabeth, N. J. 

Corresponding Secretary.— Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., of Boston. 

Recording Secretary. — David Greene Haskins, Jr., A.M., of Cambridge. 

Treasurer. — Benjamin Barstow Torrey, of Boston. 

Historiographer. — Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., of Newton. 

Librarian. — John Ward Dean, A.M., of Boston. 

Directors. — Hon. William Claflin, LL.D., Newtonville; William G. Means, 
Boston; Hon. Charles L. Flint, A.M., Boston; John J. May, Boston; John 
T. Hassam, A.M., Boston. 

Committee on Finance. — Hon. Alvah A. Burrage, Boston; Cyrus Wood- 
man, A.M., Cambridge; Hon. Samuel C. Cobb, Boston; J. Montgomery 
Sears, A.B., Boston; William Wilkins Warren, Boston; Hon. John F. An- 
drew, LL.B., Boston; (ex officio) B. B. Torrey, Boston. 

Committee on Publication. — John AVardDean, A.M., Boston; Rev. Lucius 
R. Paige, D.D., Cambridge; Rev. Edmund F. Slafter, A.M., Boston; Jere- 
miah Colburn, A.M., Boston; William B. Trask, Boston; Henry H. Edes, 
Boston; Henry E. Waite, West Newton; Francis E. Blake, Boston. 

Committee on Memorials. — Albert H. Hoyt, A.M., Boston; J. Gardner 
White, A.M., Cambridge; Henry Williams, A.M., Boston; Rev. George M. 
Bodge, A.M., East Boston; Rev. Joshua P. Bodrish, Boston; Frank E. 
Bradish, A.B., Boston. 

Committee on Heraldry. — John C. J. Brown, Boston; Hon. Thomas C. 
Amory, A.M., Boston; George K. Clarke, LL.B., Needham; A. D. Weld 
French, Boston; Henry E. Woods, Boston. 

Committee on the Library. — Willard 8. Allen, A.M., Boston; DeloraineP. 
Corey, Maiden; Edmund T. Eastman, A.M., M.D., Boston; Walter Adams, 
A.B., Framingham; Gen. Adin B. Underwood, A.M.f; Thomas Minns, 

* Ex-Gov. Fairbanks died March 17, 1888. 

t Gea. Underwood died at Boston Jan. 14, 1888. 

1888.] Societies and their Proceedings. 207 

Boston; Grcnville II. Norcross, LL.B., Boston; {ex officio) John Ward 
Dean, A.M.. Boston. 

Committee on Pcqjers and Essm/s. — Eev. Henry A. ILizen, A.M., Auburn- 
dale; Kev. Increase X. Tarbox, D.D., West Newton; Rev. David G. Has- 
kins. S.T.D., Cambridge; Charles C. Coffin, A.M., Boston; Rev. Artemaa 
B. Mussey, A.M., Cambridge; Rev. Waldo Burnett, A.M., Southboro'; Col. 
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, A.M., Cambridge. 

Mr. Goodell having been reelected president, proceeded to deliver his 
annual address, after which the annual reports were presented. 

Hamilton A. Hill, A.M., the corresponding secretary, reported that thirty- 
eight resident and six corresponding members had been added to the society 
during the year. 

Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D.. the historiographer, reported the number 
of members who have died in 1887, as far as known, to be thirty-three, and 
the average age not far from eighty. Memorial sketches of all have been 
prepared, and they have been printed in the Register as promptly as the 
space at command will allow. 

Benjamin B. Torrey, the treasurer, reported the total income of the year 
to be $3,665.51, and the current expenses S.*$,o~S.7.*>, leaving a balance on hand 
of $86,78. The amount of the Librarian's Fund is $12,763.13 ; of the Life 
Membership Fund 811,337.74; of the Bradbury Fund 2,500.00; of the 
Towne Memorial Fund $4,245.73 ; of the Barstow Fund 81,200.00; of the 
Bond Fund $868.46; of the Cushman Fund 8H2.G7 ; of the Sever 
Fund 85,000.00 ; of the Alden Fund 81,000.00 ; of the Russell Fund $3,000.00 
and of the Wilder Subscription Building Fund 824,030.39. 

William Blake Trask, in behalf of the Trustees of the Kidder Fund, 
reported thai $152.73 had been received and 8142.42 had been expended for 
the purchase of books, and that a balance of 810.31 was on hand. 

John Ward Dean, the librarian, reported that 714 volumes and 2,141 
pamphlets had been added during the year to the library, which now contains 
1 volumes and 68,086 pamphlets. 

Km'. Henry A. Hazen, chairman of the committee on papers, reported 
that nine papers were read before the society in 1887. 

John T. Hassam, chairman of the library committee, John W. Dean, 
chairman of the publishing committee, Col. Albert II. Hoy t, secretary of the 
committee on memorials, and John T. Hassam, chairman of the committee 
on English Research, submitted the reports of these several committees. 

Maine Historical Society. 

Portland, Thursday, February 9, 1888. — The mid-winter meeting was held 
at tin- society's rooms in the City Building, this afternoon and evening. 

The afternoon session opened at two P.M., the president, Hon. James Ware 
Bradbury, LL.D., in the chair. 

II. \V. Bryant, the librarian and curator, reported a large list of donations. 

Papers were read by Hon. William Goold on " Gov. Gore and his visit to 
Maine"; and by Hon. Joseph Williamson on Prehistoric Maine." Remarks 
! by tin; last paper were made by Rev. Dr. II. 8. Barrage, James 1'. 
Baxter, Rev. A-., Dalton and William II. Smith. Then followed papers by 
Ber. Mr. Dalton on "The Life of Robert II. Gardiner, of Gardiner, Me."; 
and by Hon. Joseph Williamson on " The Kelley Family. " 

At the evening meeting, E. II. El well read a paper on " Church and State "; 
and William M Sargenl concluded the ex trcises with some interesting remarks 
upon the recently discovered volume containing (apt. John Mason's muniments 
of title. 

Rhode Island Bistobu &x 8o< cety. 

Providence, Tuesday, January 10, 1888. The Bixty-sixth annual meeting 
Iras held this evening at eighl o'clock at the the Society's Cabinet in Water- 
man street, the president, William Gammell, LL.D., in the chair. 

Alter the usual routine business had been transacted, the .Secretary read a 

208 Societies and their Proceedings. [April, 

communication from the New London County Historical Society of Con- 
necticut, asking that the Rhode Island Historical Society join in assisting in 
the erection of a bronze statue of Captain John Mason, commander of the 
English forces in 1637. It is proposed to erect the statin 1 at Pequot Hill, in 
the town of Groton. 

Mr. Richmond P. Everett, t\ie Treasurer, presented his annual report 
which was as follows : Receipts $796.03 ; expenses $790. 84 : cash on nana 
$5.19. l.ite membership fund $1364.17 ; publication fund s-jis.10. 
President Gammell then read his annual address. 

Annual reports were also received from the several committees, namely ou 
lectures, on buildings and grounds, on the library and on publications. 
The following officers were then elceted tor the ensuing year : 
/' . — William Gammell. 

-Presidents. — Charles W. Parsons, Elisha B. Audi. 
ry. — Ain<>> Perry. 

.—Richmond I*. Everett. 
< \ —William Staples, W. Maxwell Greene and 

Albert V. Jencks ; William Gammell, Reuben A. Guild and 

I [enry -l . Steere, Royal ( '. Taft 

! i! - mthwick | /- ' ' William B. Weeden, Stephen II. 

Arnold and Charles W. Parsons; on Publi Elisha B. Andrews, 

William P. B. Jackson and Thomas R. Sheer; ogical Researches 

— Horatio j, John O. Austin and Henry E. Turner ; Audit Commutes 

— Lewis J. Chace, Edwin Barrows and Henry T. Beckwith. 

/v Newport, George C. Mason; Woonsocket, Latimer 
w Ballou ; Scituate, Charles 11. Fisher; Paw tucket, Emory II. Porter; 
\ th Kingstown, I 1 S B r, Jr.; Hamilton, James N. Arnold; 

Barrington, Mark II. W I. 

Professor Andrew d thai be appointed to consider 

the matter of aiding in the construction of the monument at Pequot Hill, 
with authority to procure what funds may be needed in the manner that 
they may consider mosl I and it was bo voted. 

The Pi announced that be would appoint the committee after due 


The committee on publications was authorized to print 500 copies of the 
proceedings of Ll ty for the past year, after which the meeting was 


(>i n Colony Bibtorical So< nrrr. 
'I'n ' tuary 9, The annual meeting iraa held 

at 2.80 P.M., the president, Rev. S. Hopkins Emery, in tin- chair. 
President Emery delivered the opening addree 

>t. John W. i>. Hall, the librarian, reported a long list of donations of books, 
pamphlets, paintings and other artic 

Dr. E. I ' don.--, t in- treasurer, reported that the annual expenses have been paid 
with tin.- receipts, and a balance i is in the Bavings bank. 

Henry M. chairman of the nominating committee, reported the 

following list of offici 

Pn —Rev. S. Hopkins Emery of Taunton. 

. — Hon. Edmund 11. Bennett of Boston; Rev. William L. 
Ch iffin mi 

mding S f. — Hon. Charles A. Reed of Taunton. 

// S iry and Librarian. — Capt J. W. I). Hall of Taunton. 

Treasurer. — Dr. E. U. Jones of Taunton. 
Historiographer. — lion. William E. Fuller of Taunton. 

*.— Edgar H. Reed, Esq., of Taunton, Gen. E. W. Pierce of Free- 
town. James II Dean, Esq., of Taunton. Hon. John S. Brayton of Fall River, 
Elisha < Leonard, Esq., of New Bedford, John F. Montgomery, Esq., of 

The above named gentlemen were unanimously elected to their respective 
offi< •■ 

1888.] Societies and their Proceedings. 209 

Gen. Ebenezer W. Peirce of Freetown then read a paper on lt The Taunton 
Men slain in King Philip's War." 

New Haven Colony Historical Society. 

New Haven, Conn., Oct. 6, 1887. — The society and friends to the number of fifty 
met at eight o'clock. The Rev. E. E. Atwater read a paper entitled, " The Birth- 
place of "Anthony Thompson, one of the Early Planters of New Haven." The 
speaker had just returned from a visit to Lenham, KentOounty, England, where he 
had free access to Royton Manor, and gave an interesting and detailed account of 
the Honeywood, Thompson and Atwater families from 1494 to the birth of An- 
thony Thompson. 

Nov. 11. — A paper was read by the Rev. A. P. Miller on " The Future of Africa 
and Africans." 

Nov. 28. — At the annual meeting of the society the following gentlemen were 
nominated and elected directors for the ensuing year : Rev. E. E. Beardsley, D.D., 
LL.D., Rev. J. M. Hoppin, D.D., Henry Bronson, M.D., E. H. Bishop, M.D., 
E. H. Leffingwell, M.D., Hon. 0. R. Ingersoll, LL.D., Hon. C B. Bowers, John- 
son T. Piatt, A.M., Hon. C. L. English, T. Attwater Barnes, Capt. C. H. Town- 
shend, Eli Whitney, A.M., Ruel P. Cowles, Charles Dickerman, Frank E. Hotch- 
kiss, James G. English, George Petrie, Henry L. Ilotchkiss, Hon. Lynde Har- 
rison, LL.B., E. H. English, E. I. Foote, A. L. Kidston, George A. Root. 

The following officers' were then elected by ballot : 

President. — Simeon E. Baldwin, A.M. 

Vice-President. — Hon. James E. English, A.M. 

Secretary. — Thomas R. Trowbridge. 

Treasurer. — Robert Peck, A.B. 

President Baldwin then delivered his annual address, and was followed by the 
reading of a paper on " Eli Whitney, the Inventor of the Cotton Gin," by Prof. 
William P. Blake. 

Dec. 12. — At a meeting of the directors, Messrs. T. Attwater, Barnes and James 
D. Dewell were appointed auditors for the ensuing year. Resolutions showing the 
loss felt by the society by the death of the Rev. E. E. Atwater, D.D., were unanimous- 
ly adopted, and also of condolence with his widow. At a meeting of the society 
Rev. JSlias B. Sauford, of Westbrook, read a paper on "Connecticut, Old and 

Dec. 27. — A paper was read by Prof. Arthur Latham Perry, of Williamstown, 
Mass., on " The Siege and Surrender of Old Fort Massachusetts." 

Feb. 6, 1888. — At a meeting of the directors, Messrs. Trowbridge, Cowles and 
Piatt were appointed a committee to confer with the selectmen of the town as to the 
proper method of celebrating New Haven's Quarter Millenary, which occurs in 

At a meeting of the society the same day, Mr. James L. Cowles, of Farmington, 
read a paper entitled, " The Heart of Old England," which treated of the historic 
localities of Warwickshire, whence so many of the early settlers of New Haven 

Feb. 27. — At a meeting held this day, the Rev. William G. Andrews, D.D., of 
Guilford, read an interesting and instructive monograph entitled " William Samuel 
Johnson and the United States Constitution." A portrait of Dr. Johnson wasshown, 
and several autograph letters and papers, recently presented to the society, were 
read. The collection includes specimens from the pens of John Hancock, Isaac 
Toucey and others. 

March 5. — Mr. W. R. £1. Trowbridge was the speaker of the evening, and read 
"Extracts from my Journal of a Trip through Northern and Central Palestine 
twenty-five Years ago." 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Saturday, January 14, 1888. — A meeting of the executive com- 
mittee was held at eight o'clock this evening, in the society's rooms in the 
Westmoreland Club House, Vice-President William Wirt Henry in the chair. 

It was decided to hold a general meeting of the Society on the 19th, to hear an 
address from Dr. Thomas N. Page. 

A number of gifts were reported. 
VOL. xlii. 20 

210 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society, [April, 

Thursday, Jan. 19. — A meeting of the society was held at eight o'clock this 
evening in the hall of the Virginia House of Delegates. A large audience of 
ladies and gentlemen were present. 

The secretary, Mr. R. A. Brock, introduced Dr. Thomas Nelson Page, as the 
orator of the evening. He referred to him as a gentleman whose contributions 
to literature have already made his name a household word in every Virginia 

Dr. Page then proceeded to deliver an address, valuable for its practical sug- 
gestions as well as for its literary execution, upon " The Needs of History in 
the South and the Importance of preserving Materials towards it." 

Saturday, Feb. 25. — A meeting of the executive committee was held this 
evening, vice-president Henry in the chair. 

The death of Hon. William Wilson Corcoran, first vice-president of the society, 
on the 24th inst., at his residence in Washington, D. C., was announced. Reso- 
lutions prepared by Mr. Henry were adopted, and Messrs. Henry, Valentine and 
Page were appointed a committee to attend the funeral. 

Valuable gifts were reported. 

Kansas Historical Society. 

Topeka, Tuesday, January 17, 1888. — The annual meeting this evening at 
Representatives' Hall, the president Hon. 1). \V. Wilder in the chair. 

Judge P. (r. Adams, the secretary, made a report upon the work of the society 
for the year ending this daj . 

Hon. D. W. Wilder, the president, then delivered his annual address. 
Addresses were also delivered by Prof. T. T. Goodnow, on his first visit to 
Kansas ; by Prof. W . II. Carruth, on "The Origin of the names of towns and 
counties in Kansas" ; by Hon. Charles A. Ililler on "The Kansas Indian" ; 
by Charlf- I . S . on "Kansas"; by Hon. II. N. Lester on "The First 
Settlement in Western Kansas''; and by several other speakers. 

The animal election was then held, and the following officers were chosen: 
4dent. — Hon. Edward Russell, of Lawrence, in the place of D. W. 
Wilder, declined. 

Vice-President. — Hon. William A. Phillips of Salina to succeed Major II. H. 
Williams who has removed from the state. 

The following gentlemen were elected directors for a term of three years : 
D. R. Anthony, Leavenworth ; C. V. Eskridge, Emporia ; I. T. Goodnow, 
Manhattan ; L. U. Humphrey, Independence ; V. J. Lane, "Wyandotte ; W. H. 
McBride, Osborne ; II. N. Lester, Syracuse ; M. W. Reynolds, Geuda Springs ; 
R. M. Wright, Dodge City ; A. P. Riddle, Minneapolis ; Edward Russell, 
Lawrence; A. N. English,* Wichita ; E. F. Ware, Fort Scott ; T. Mclntyre, 
Arkansas City ; C. A. Ililler, Salina ; W. A. Phillips, Salina ; F. P. Raker, 
Topeka ; George W. Click, Atchison ; A. R. Greene, Cedarvale ; S. A. King- 
man, Topeka ; James F. Legate, Leavenworth ; John A. Martin, Atchison ; 
II. Miles Moore, Leavenworth ; John Speer, Sherlock ; Volney Ball, Lincoln ; 
Charles Robinson, Lawrence ; John Francis, Topeka ; D. W. Wilder, Hiawatha ; 
J. W. Hamilton, Wellington ; John P. Jones, Ooldwater ; L. D. Raily, Garden 
City ; Joel Holt, Beloit ; Edward P. Greer, Winfield. 


Prepared by the Rev. Increase N. Tarbox, D.D., Historiographer of the Society. 

The historiographer would inform the society, that the sketches pre- 
pared for the Register are necessarily brief in consequence of the 
limited space which can be appropriated. All the facts, however, he is 

1888.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 211 

able to gather, are retained in the Archives of the Society, and will aid in 
more extended memoirs for which the " Towne Memorial Fund," the gift 
of the late William B. Towne, A.M., is provided. Four volumes, printed 
at the charge of this fund, entitled " Memorial Biographies," edited by 
the Committee on Memorials, have been issued. They contain memoirs of 
all the members who have died from the organization of the society to the 
year 18G2. A fifth volume is in preparation. 

The Rev. John Bathlkst Deane, M.A., F.S.A., of Bath, England, a corresponding 
member, admitted March 2, 1847, died at Bath, June 12, 1887, in his 90th year. He 
was a son of Captain Charles Meredith Deane of the 24th Light Dragoons, and was 
born at the Cape of Good Hope, Aug. 27, 1797. His mother was Ann, daughter of 
John Deane, of Hartley Court, Berks, J. P. and deputy lieut. for the county. She 
was the author of A Tour Through the Upper Provinces of Hindostan between the 
years 1801 and 1814, published at London in 1823. Her husband, early in 1799, 
sailed to India with her, taking their son Bathurst with them. They remained there 
till the son was in his eighth year, through a period of disturbance and warfare. 
The father performed various distinguished services, and on one occasion was re- 
warded on the held by Lord Lake, with the promise of a cornetcy in his own regi- 
ment, for his eldest son Charles, then a boy of fourteen in England. 

Bathurst was brought home to England by his mother, and sent to the Bath Gram- 
mar School. He was a boy of great spirit, talent and imagination, and under Mr. 
Morgan, the master of the school, gained special proficiency in elegiac Latin verse. 
From Bath he was removed to Merchant Taylors' School, London, and thence to 
Pembroke College, Cambridge. This was " the college of the martyrs Ridley, Rogers 
and Bradford, of the poets Spencer, Gray and Mason, and of the illustrious states- 
man William Pitt." He took his B. A. degree in January, 1820. 

A year later Mr. Deane was ordained deacon, and was appointed to the curacy of 
Plympton, Devon, and soon after to Ivy Bridge. "In 1822, he was invited to accept 
a junior mastership at Merchant Taylors' School — the beginning of thirty-two years 
of arduous but satisfactory work. A strict disciplinarian and highly successful mas- 
ter, he was feared and venerated by his pupils. He had a commanding presence and 
voice, his individuality was strong, and his talents were undeniable. Those who 
w« re boys under him, several of whom became distinguished men, never forgot him, 
and heartily thanked their 'dear old master' for the solid mental training by which 
they had been benefited throughout their whole career." 

He held the curacies respectively of St. Benet Fink and St. Michael, Wood Street, 
London, and was elected in 1828 to the lectureship of the chapel of the Philanthropic 
Society, " a post much sought after in those days when pulpit eloquence was held of 
foremost importance." lie was elected a fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 
1829, and a few years later was placed on the Council and admitted into the Anti- 
quarian's Club, which was limited to the most eminent members of the Society. Mr. 
"Way. Mr. Roach Smith and Mr. Deane, with three other gentlemen, originated the 
Archaeological Association, and the first number of the Journal was planned in 1816 
at his house in Finsbury Circus, London. In that year he seceded, in conjunction 
with Mr. Way and other gentlemen, from the Archaeological Association, and founded 
Archaeological Institute, now nourishing under Royal patronage." 

In 1865, h'- was appointed to the living of St. Martin's Outwich, London, and 
Chaplain to the Merchant Taylors' Company. In 1872. St. Martin's was united with 
St. Helen's, "one of the most interesting and venerable churches in London." In 
that year "Mr. Deane's active literary career was brought to an end by a sad event 
— the loss of his Bight. It was, however, in the sixteen remaining years of life that 

the strength and courage of his character became conspicuous, in his cheerful en- 
durance of this deprivation, his unfailing brightness of mind and his unselfish 

Ill— published writings arc: 1. — The "Worship of the Serpent, London, 1830; 2d 
edition, 1833. 2.— On the Church and Chapters. 1840. 3. ife of Richard 

1) tne, Admiral and General of the Forces under Cromwell, 1870. (Sec Reoistbb, 
'-301.) Rev. Mr. Deane also contributed valuable articles to the Archaeologia 
of the London Society of Antiquaries, the Encyclopaedia Britannica, tin- Herald and 
Genealogist, etc. In 1841 he edited The Campaign in Flanders, in 1708, by F. 
Marshall, lie h-ft incomplete a work of deep research on the " Roman Legions in 
Britain," which it is hoped may be taken up by some antiquarian scholar of the same- 

212 Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. [April, 

tastes. He also made extensive collections for a genealogical work on the various 
English families bearing the name of Deane, but the loss of his sight obliged him to 
leave the work unfinished. The Itev. Mr. Deane was descended from one of the 
most distinguished of these families, the Deanes of Mattingly, descendants of Sir 
John de Dene, Seneschal of Wallingford, Berks. 

He married 1st, Caroline, daughter of Dr. John Lempriere, author of the well- 
known Classical and Biographical Dictionaries. After her death he married secondly 
Louisa Elizabeth Fourdrinier, who survives him. He had one son and two daughters 
by his first wife, and two sons and four daughters by his second wife. One 
of his daughters, Miss Mary Deane, is the author of " Seen in an Old Mirror," 
an interesting novel, descriptive of the manners and customs of Bath, England, in the 
early part of the last century, a book which was noticed in the Register, xxxii. p. 
257. She has written for this Society a memoir of her father, which will be printed 
in a future volume of the Memorial Biographies. This sketch is an abstract of Miss 
Deane's memoir, with a few additions by John Ward Dean. 

Deacon Avert Plumer, a life member and benefactor, admitted to the Society, 
Dec. 30, 1871, was born at Portsmouth, N. II., May 6, 1813, and died at his residence, 
on Marlboro' St., Boston, April 27, 18S7. For a long course of years he has been 
prominently connected with the Old South Chinch, Boston, in various capacities. 
As its treasurer, Inning the care of its Large property, he was judicious, careful, 
exact to a remarkable degree, giving an example of faithfulness in that respect, not 
often surpassed. Sin< he has been one of the (bacons of the church, and this 

office he has used in a way to commend himself alike to friends and strangers. There 
was a winning urbanity in his look and manner. 

He was nineteen years old when he first came to Boston to commence his career as 
a business man. In this business life he has been successful in the highest and 
sense of that word. Though he did not accumulate what would now be called a large 
fortune, he was BO just and upright in all things, and so charitable and kind in the 
use of what he had, that he was truly a christian gentleman of noble type. 

lie has filled many offic< 8 of trust and responsibility. He served for a time as a 
member of the Boston Common Council. For Beveral years he was a member of the 
State Legislature. He was a Director of the Bank of the Republic, as also, for a 
time, its President. He wa8 a Director of the Old Ladies' Home, and gave a large 
measure of time and thought to promote its interests. 

ELBRIDOE Wason, Esq., of Brookline, Mass., a life member and benefactor, admitted 
May 12, I860, was born in New Boston, X. II., Sept. 26, 1809, and died in Brook- 
line. Ma»s., Aug. 20, 1887. His earliest American ancestor was born in 1711 in the 
parish of Bellemanus. County of Antrim, Ireland. lie came to this country in his 
youth or early manhood, and in the year 1736 was united in marriage; with Hannah 
Calwell. She was then living in Portsmouth, N. II., but came from the same parish 
in Ireland with himself. 

Of the children of this marriage, Thomas, the third son, who was born Dec. 26, 
174S, was united in marriage Dec. 1, 1772, with Mary Boyd, of Londonderry, N. II. 

Of the children of this marriage, llobert, the fifth son, born in Hudson, N. H., 
June 14, 1781, was united in marriage, Dec. 22, 1708, with Nancy Batchelder, of 
Mount Vernon, N. II. 

From this last named marriage the subject of this sketch was born (as above) in 
New Boston, Sept. 26, 1809. He had the education common to country boys at that 
time, and was himself an example, with thousands of others, showing how valuable 
that education was when properly improved. He had good natural powers, and an 
eager desire after information, and with the stimulus of the district school and a brief 
period in Derry Academy, the natural result followed. lie began life for himself as 
a school teacher. He taught for a time in Amherst, N. II., and Windham, N. II. 

In March, 1832, at the age of twenty-two, he came to Boston, and was employed 
as a clerk in the store of Pierce & Goodnow, 29 South Market St. Not long after 
this firm was dissolved, but young Wason remained with Mr. Goodnow some time 
longer. Then he entered into business in company with his cousin, William Wason, 
in Blaekstone St. On the first of September, 1837, he entered into partnership with 
Henry Pierce, and the firm name, Pierce and Wason, has continued ever since ; though 
in the mean time there have been several changes in it. Their business was groceries, 
wholesale, at 61 Chatham St. Mr. Wason's business life was honorable and successful. 

He was first united in marriage April 21, 1851, with Miss Mary Stickney, of Bos- 
ton, daughter of Samuel and Mary (Gardner) Stickney. She died Aug. 15, 1863. 

1888.] Necrology of Historic Genealogical Society. 213 

He was married the second time, May 17, 1865, to Miss Mary Isabella, daughter of 
Hon Leonard Chase, of Milford, N. II. From this marriage there were two chil- 
dren, Mary Isabella and Leonard Chase, who with their mother survive. 

Since 1858, Mr. Wason's home has been in Brookline, where he has been prominent 
in society, and an active and influential member of the Harvard Congregational 
Church. He bore an important part in the building of the present beautiful stone 
church in which the Harvard congregation worships. 

William Pekkixs, Esq.. a life member and benefactor, admitted May G, 1870, was 
born in Boston Oct. 4, 1804, and died at his residence on Beacon Street, Boston, 
July 13, 1 SS7. His father was Samuel Perkins, born in Boston, Sept. 2, 1770, and 
his mother was Elizabeth Call, born in Boston, in 1773. His grandfather, William 
Perkins, a Major of Artillery in the Revolutionary Army, and commander of Fort 
Independence, was born in 1742, and died Oct. 27, 1802. 

Mr. Perkins has been a Boston resident throughout the whole of his long life and 
has been a prominent citizen, holding many offices of public responsibility and trust. 
He was President of the China Mutual Insurance Company, succeeding Mr. Francis 
Bacon in this office in 1877. He was president of the Tremont National Bank. lie 
was trained for his active business life in the store of llobert G. Shaw, and afterwards 
became a member of the firm. He was President of the Provident Institution for 
Savings, and a Director in the New England Mutual Life Insurance Company in its 
early days. 

Mr. Perkins was united in marriage in November, 1835, with Miss Catharine C. 
Amory, daughter of John Amory, of Dorchester, Mass. From this marriage there 
were four children, three sons and one daughter. His son James Amory Perkins was 
killed at Fort Wagner, in August, 1863. Another son, Capt. William Edward 
Perkins, who served in the war of the rebellion, died in 1879. Hie leaves an only 
daughter, the wife of Dr. John Homans. 

In a ripe old age he closes a life of usefulness, dignity and worth, a good represen- 
tative of Boston's substantial citizens of an earlier day. He was familiarly associated 
in public duties and cares with our late honored President, Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. 

Jonathan Edwards, M.D., a life member, admitted Dec. 13, 1879, was 
born in Troy, N. Y., Oct. 5, 1841, and died in New Haven, Conn., June 19, 
188G. His father was Jonathan Edwards, born in Hartford, Sept. 27, 1798, and 
his mother was Maria Champion, born in Colchester, Conn., Sept. 25, 1813. 

His earliest American ancestor was William 1 Edwards of Hartford, Ct. (1G39), 
who married in 1G45 Mrs. A^nes Spencer. Then the line from hira ran throu«li 
Richard 2 Edwards and Elizabeth Tuttle; Timothy 3 and Esther Stoddard; 
Jonathan 4 and Sarah Pierrepont; Jonathan, D.D. 5 , known as the younger 
Edwards; Jonathan W. 6 , a distinguished lawyer of Hartford, and Jonathan 7 of 
Hartford, to Jonathan the subject of this sketch. Not many men are permitted 
to look back along such a line of ancestry. Timothy 3 was a graduate of Harvard 
in 1G91 ; Jonathan the great metaphysician, President of Princeton College, was 
graduated at Yale, 1720; Jonathan, D.D., President of Union College, was 
graduated at Princeton College, 1765; Jonathan \V., graduate at Yale, 1789; 
.Jonathan at Yale, 1819, and Jonathan the subject of this sketch in 18G3. Here 
we have six continuous generations of college graduates. 

Dr. Edwards's early years were passed in New Haven. He commenced his 
preparatory studies for Vale College with Addison Van Name, and completed 
them with Hawley Olmsted, LL.D., of the Hopkins Grammar School, New 
Haven. lie was graduated at Yale in the class of 1SG3. 

The year after his graduation he commenced his medical studies in Troy, 
N. Y. lie attended lectures at the Albany Medical School, and completed his 
course in connection with the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York 

We cannot better complete this brief sketch than by copying from the Vale 
Obituary Record of 1886. When he had finished his medical studies, the record 

11 The care of an invalid father then interfered to prevent his entering upon 

the practice of his profession. Removing to New Haven he was closely occupied 

with this filial responsibility until death released him in 187). Jli- residence 

continued in New Haven, and for several years he devoted much time and 

VOL. XLII. 20* 

214 Booh Notices. [April, 

labor gratuitously to the care and increase of die college collection of coins. lie 
had also formed a valuable collection of his own, and was well versed in the study 
of the subject. A permanent evidence of his interest and genoro>iiy is shown in 
the catalogue of Greek and Roman coins in the Numismatic Collection of Yale 
College (Xcw Haven, 1880, pp. 23G 8vo.), which he edited with characteristic 
thoroughness and which was published largly at his own expense. Dr. Edwards 
also made extensive collections for a history of the Edwards family. He made a 
visit to Europe after his father's death, and again in 1880, and was married 
Feb. 28, 1882, to Miss Marion Collins, youngest daughter of the late David C. 
Collins, of New Haven, who survives him. After his marriage Dr. Edwards 
and his wife spent a year in Europe, but he returned from abroad with his con- 
stitution undermined by Roman fever and his general health quite shattered. 
The rest of his life was passed in increasing weakness in New Haven, where he 
died in the 4;jth year of his age. 

Robert Henry Eddy, Esq., a life member and benefactor, admitted March 5, 
1873, was born in Boston, Sept. 27, 1812. and died in same place, May 13, 1687. 
The American line of his ancestry on his father's side was as follows : Samuel. 1 the 
founder, horn in England, May, 1608, who arrived in Plymouth, Oct. 29, 1030, and 
died 1()85 ; Caleb, 2 of Swansev , born 1072, died 1747 ; Caleb, 3 born 1721. died 1752 ; 
Benjamin, 4 of Boston, Feb. 19, 1743, died Aug. 11,1817; Caleb, 5 of Shrewsbury, 
Mass., horn May 27, 1784, died Feb. 22, 1859 f Robert Henry, 8 the sulject of this 
sketch, horn, as above, Sept. 27, 1812. His mother was Caroline Gay, born in 
Boston, April 4, 1792. 

Samuel Eddy, the American founder, was the son of Rev. William Eddy, A.M., 
Vicar of St. Dunstan's Church, Cranbrook, in the County of Kent, Eng., from 1589 
to 1010. A brother of the founder, John, also came to this country and settled in 
Watertown in 1033. 

Robert Henry Eddy was united in marriage, Dec. 24, 1851, with Annie God- 
dard Pickering, daughter of John Knight Pickering, of Portsmouth, N. II., who 
survives him. 

We cannot do better than copy word for word a brief sketch of a portion of his 
life, which he himself prepared ior the Historic Genealogical Society in 1873, at the 
time when he became a member of it. " I was educated in Boston, partly at the 
English High School, and subsequently studied architecture with the late Asher 
Benjamin, architect, after which was a student at civil engineei inn with the late 
Loammi Baldwin, of Charlestown, Mass. AVas engaged in the building of the Dry 
Dock at Charlestown Navy Yard, and also on the Middlesex and Merrimac Pviver 
Canals ; and afterwards, at the early age of twenty-one years, was chosen engineer 
of the Hast Boston Company, and laid outand surveyed East B >ston, built wharves, 
bridges, roads and other improvements there. In 1838 and '9 I visited Europe for 
the purpose of seeing and examining the great engineering works in Great Britain 
and on the continent. With Elie de Beaumont 1 was present at the afternoon sit- 
ting of the French Institute at Paris, when Arago, the president, announced the 
discovery of the Daguerreotype. I was the only American there." 

At a later period he became a Solicitor of Patents, and he claimed to be the first 
who established that form of business in this country. In 1673 he retired from this 
profession with a handsome property. Mr. Eddy left liberal bequests to this society 
and other public institutions. 


Tiik Editor requests persons sending books for notice to state, for the information of 
readers, the price of each book, with the amount to be added for postage when sent by 

l,}j<\ Journals and Correspondence of Rev . Manasseh Cutler, LL.D. By his grand- 
children. William Parker Cutler and Julia Perkins Cutler. Cincinnati: 
Robert Clarke & Co. 1868. Two volumes. Vol. I, pp. ^524; Vol. 2, pp. 496. 
Price $5. 

These volumes are a contribution to American biography and history of perma- 
nent value. In the latter respect they take rank as a text book, and as such, their 
publication at this juncture is timely ; that is, their publication could not well have 

1888.] Booh Notices. 215 

been postponed. An earlier publication, or at least preparation, would bave been 
fortunate. Dr. Cutler died in 18*23. Much concerning him, which then and in the 
immediately following years would have been available in the reminiscences of his 
contemporaries, is irrecoverably lost. 

But now, a century alter the date of the most notable achievement in his career, 
this record appears, throwing a clear light upon the particular epoch and contribu- 
ting in a very direct way to a lit centennial commemoration. That achievement was 
the propitious initiation of the settlement of the great Northwestern territory, a 
settlement which from the point of its humble beginning on the Ohio River in 1788 
has extended across the continent in an ever-broadening pathway. While, indeed, 
Dr. Cutler had no prevision of this vast sweep of the potential principles embodied 
through his urgency, and in part by his suggestion, in the scheme of settlement 
which took shape at Marietta, Ohio, April 7, 1788, and while certain details of that 
scheme may not appear in the later settlements, there is throughout a unity and 

These volumes contain the evidence that his name is fairly entitled to the renown 
thus suggested. Others had a share in the enterprise; but his intelligence, firm- 
nets, perseverance and diplomatic skill secured its safe conduct at the critical stage. 
The key note to this part of the historical narrative appears in this declaration of 
the authors of the volumes: "This systematic occupation of the heart of the 
great republic marks as distinctively the landing at Marietta, on April 7, 1788, of 
the founders of the central empire, as the landing at Plymouth or Jamestown set 
the historical landmarks of civilization on the Atlantic seaboard. 1 ' 

The whole story adds another to the list of "romances" as some may say, 
" providences " as others would Bay, which appear on the pages of our country's 
history. These volumes explain how it happened that in the first settlement of the 
Northwest territory, the land was laid out in contiguous townships ; that 040 acres 
in each was set apart for religious purposes, G40 for schools, and in the whole, 2340 
for a university ; that slavery was ioiever prohibited; that good faith with the 
Indians and the taking of their lands only by purchase were provided for; that all 
navigable waters, and the carrying places between them, were made highways for- 
ever, free to all the citizens of the United States, without tax or impost ; that all 
this was put into the fundamental law 7 which went prior to the deed of purchase; 
that in this bottom deed the United States is grantor in the capacity of a national 
sovereign, solely, and not conjointly as so many State sovereigns; and, finally, how 
it was that all this was carried by the vote, as States, of eight of the thirteen, all 
that were represented in that day's session of Congress, five of these being slave 
States, viz.: Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. 

On the eve of complete success, Dr. Cutler was overcome by despair, Congress 
being, as he thought, slow. In tins mood he made a social call on Dr. Samuel 
Hoi ton, then representative of Massachusetts, as he had been from 1778, one year 
excepted. Dr. Cutler notes the visit in his diary, saying : 

41 I told the Doctor (Uolton) I thought it in vain to wait longer, and should 
certainly leave the city the next day. He cried out on my impatience, said if I ob- 
tained my purpose in a month from that time 1 should be far more expeditious than 
was common in getting much smaller matters through Congress; that it was of 
great magnitude, for it far exceeded any private contract ever made before in the 
United States; that if I should fail now 1 ought still to pursue the matter, for I 
should most certainly obtain the object 1 wished. To comfort me, he assured mo 
that it was impossible lor him to conceive by what kind of address I had so soon 
and so warmly engaged the attention of Congress; for since he had been a member 
of body, he assured me upon his honor, that he never knew so much attention 
paid to any one person who made application to them on any kind of business, nor 
did he ever know them more pressing to bring it to a close, lie could not have 
Supposed that any three men from New England, even of the first character, could 
have accomplished so much in so short a time." 

Tins may be permitted to stand as the verdict of a competent contemporary, 
though Dr. Cutler adds tin; disclaimer: '• This, 1 believe, wna mere flattery, 
though it was delivered with a very serious air ; but it gave me some consolation." 
The first merit of these volumes is, that they furnish distinct outlines lor a truo 
chapter of the history of the United States as yet unwritten in any adequate form, 
and that alter a long and unmerited obscurity they bring visibly into the front, 
where he properly belongs, a first class character and national benefactor. 

216 Boole Notices. [April, 

Their second merit, in a historical point of view, is in the contribution which the 
diary and correspondence make to our knowledge of events, persons, phases of 
public opinion, social characteristics, state of science and the arts and the topo- 
graphical condition of the New England and Middle States — particularly the for- 
mer — during the Doctor's active life, including therein the important period of the 

Third in the order of enumeration is the biographical merit of the volumes, 
though their charm and readableness in this particular will cause many to reckon 
this first. Incomplete as the biographical facts are, through loss of data by tire and 
otherwise, they suffice to portray clearly a most interesting and able man, one whose 
traits as thus disclosed are a continual reminder of Dr. Franklin. The marked 
dissimilarity in these two, who were so nearly brothers in the spirit, is in point of 
theology. Dr. Cutler was a Calvinist, or, as perhaps the distinguished professor 
emeritus of Andover would say, he was " Calvinistical." One of the most in- 
structive and valuable entries in the diary is that giving an account of Dr. Cutler's 
visit to the sage of Philadelphia, who was then living in the retirement of his old 

Dr. Cutler s predominant intellectual trait was an aptitude for science. Yet one 
hesitates a little in saying this, so versatile was he and so equal in his various 
abilities. His fidelity to "the duty which stands next'' hides in a degree his 
loyalty to the real mistress of his heart, liis duties comprised at different times 
these of a parish minister, a physician, a representative in the Legislature and in 
Congress, a founder of tie new State west Of the Alleghenies, chaplain of different 
regiments in the Continental army, fanner in l^sex County, teacher of an academy, 
merchant and lawyer at Martha's Vineyard, leader in the home politics and social 
life of Ipswich Hamlet, member of learned and philanthropical societies; but 
whenever an interval occurs in all this, away he goes swiftly on a tangent in pur- 
suit ol science. 

To the youth of this period of " interviews," '' personals" and " pen pictures," 
it Will be incredible that so great a man should thus apparently have been ignored 
and permitted almost to subside into oblivion. How long that retrogression con- 
tinued, and the extent of it, are clearly and faithfully shown in two articles relating 
to Manasseh Cutler, written by Dr. W . F. Poole, one of which appeared in the 
Register of April, 1873, and the other in the North American Review for April, 
1870. These were a revelation to the historical reading public of that day, and 
were the beginning of a revival of Dr. Cutler's fame, which the publication of these 
memoirs, and the forthcoming commemorations in Ohio, will not fail to restore to 
its rightful and permanent place. For he was known and appreciated by his illustrious 
Contemporaries. Marked social attention and honor were paid him on personal 
grounds by Washington, by Mrs. Washington, both during the lifetime of her 
husband and afterwards, by Franklin, Lafayette, John Adams, Jefferson, Madison, 
Monroe and a host of lesser dignitaries, oi which experiences glimpses are given in 
the diary and correspondence. A portrait of the Doctor and a view of his church 
and parsonage are the illustrations. 

By JJanitj W. Baker, Esq., of Boston, Mass. 

The Study of History in American Colleges and Universities. By Herbert B. 
Adams, Ph.D.. Associate Professor of History in the Johns Hopkins University. 
"Washington : Government Printing Office, 1887. 8vo. paper, pp. 299. With 
Illustrations. Circular of Information, No. 2, 1887. Bureau of Education. 

Royal Historical Society. The Teaching of History in Schools. An Address delivered 
Oct. 22, 1887. By Oscar Browning, F. R. Hist. S. Together with a Report of 
the Conference on the teaching of History in Schools. London : Longmans, 
Green & Co., and New York: 15 East 16th Street, 1887. Price one shilling. 
8vo. paper, pp. 20. 

" History is a narrative of past events." Such was the bald and incomplete 
definition of this important study furnished to the scholars of our common schools 
forty years ago. A letter in thefirstof these pamphlets defines history as " simply 
the record of human experience." A still better definition is that " history is 
philosophy teaching by example." Yet none of these definitions, however terse and 
expressive, so fully explain this study in such a way as to sufficiently impress the 
mind of the reader with the grandeur, the significance and the scope of this great 
subject. A wider and more satisfactory explanation would seem to be that history 
is a description of therise, progress and ultimate condition of states, rulers and people, 
presented in such a manner as to teach us what evils to avoid and what benefits to 

1888.] Booh Notices. 217 

adopt in the records of the past. It may not improperly be called a chart of civil- 
ization, showing the progressive stages of man from barbarism to the highest 
culture. It is a guide to the actions, motives and policy of the public men of past 
ages. It illustrates the advancement of science, the institution oi law, the improve- 
ment of religion, the encouragement of humanity, philanthropy and morality, the 
spirit of discovery by which a more thorough knowledge of the remote quarters of 
the world is gained, and the securing of the rights, liberties and privileges of the 
people. It acts as the motive power of human progress, and whether advancing 
with railroad speed or the slower action of the stage-coach, its movement, with but 
one exception (the destruction of the "Western Roman Empire, from the effect of 
which it took Europe centuries to recover) has been ever onward in the right direc- 
tion. Its lessons appeal with equal force to individual as well as to national life, 
tending to the prevention of vice and the promotion of virtue. It is at once a 
mirror of past life and a great object lesson for the better life of the future. 

For these reaso^** if for no others, should the study of history in all its depart- 
ments, ethnology, <?.rcha3ology, biography, chronology, genealogy and other forms 
and branches, be fostered, encouraged and in every way promoted by all of our 
institutions of learning. The first of the works under notice describes the methods 
of historical study adopted in many of the American colleges — Harvard, Yale, 
Columbia, Cornell, Johns Hopkins and Michigan Universities as well as the female 
colleges of Vassar, AVellesley, Smith and Bryn Mawr. About forty pages of tho 
work are devoted to the system of historical instruction at Harvard, including notices 
of Professors Sparks, Bowen, Torres', Felton, Gurney and Adams and their methods. 
It is a matter of some surprise that Harvard, the oldest and best endowed of all 
American universities, should have bad no organized department of history for the 
first two centimes of its existence, and that the first professorship in history was not 
instituted till 1839 with Professor Jared Sparks in the chair, to whom this great 
study owes its first prominent development. A complete list of the presidents of 
Harvard with the length of their terms of service and their ages when elected is given 
on page 15; the longest in service being President Edward Holyoke, 32 years, from 
1737 to lTfiO. The efforts of Hon. Henry Cabot Lodge to promote the study of 
history are favorably mentioned, and high praise is awarded to Mr. Justin Winsor 
for his admirable management of the library. 

The description of historical study at Yale includes the systems of Professors 
Wheeler and Dexter. That at Columbia contains an extended sketch of the life and 
methods of Professor Franz Lieber, who is mentioned in the highest terms. 
Professors Vardill, Anthon, McVickar and Burgess are also favorably mentioned. 
It is a fact worthy of notice that Columbia College was the first in this country to 

itute a professorship of history. This was in 1775, when John Vardill was made 
11 professor of history and languages." The study of history in the great west, 
which is this year to celebrate the centennial of its first settlement, is exemplified 
in an account of Michigan University, one of the oldest of the western collegiate 
instituti >ns. In this university is exhibited a rare spirit of toleration by the fact 
that six ' I the original professorships were given to the Roman Catholic bishop of 
the then territory of Michigan, Gabriel Richard. A description of the life and 
services oi I irs Andrew I). White and Charles Kendall Adams appears in, 

this chapter. In the description of Cornell University a sketch of its founder, Hon. 
Ezra Cornell, is presented, and the labors of professors A. D. White and C. K. 
Adams before noticed who had become successively presidents of this institution, 

'her with those of James Anthony Fronde (who lecture d here) and Professors 
Goldwin Smith, William ( '. Russell, William I). Wilson, George W. Greene, 
M - ' . Tyler and Herbert Tuttle, are honorably mentioned. The sixth chapter is 
devoted to the system ol historical instruction at Johns Hopkins University. Lheee 
six colleges are probably selected as examples of the best Institutions for historic 
culture in the country ; yet one is tempted to inquire why Brown University, one of 
the oldest and most prominent of collegiate institutions, was omitted- The seventh 
chapter gives a brief account of the four colleges for women before mentioned. 
The eighth chapter is a gei era! essay on American history in schools, colleges and 
universities, by Francis Newton Thorpe, Ph. I)., in which defects are pointed oat 
am! for improvement given. The ninth ie a short chapter in which an 

unt oi the study ol history and political science in the Washington High School, 
by E. R. L. Gould, Ph.D., is presented. The work concludes with of 

istical table- b\ Col. Carroll 1). Wright, in which the principal facts rein ting 
the study of history in American colleges are exhibited. The illustration t of 

218 Boole Notices. [April, 

representations of the interiors of libraries and lecture rooms. The work shows in 
its preparation much judgment, care and labor. 

I have left myself so little space that I cannot speak as it deserves of the smaller of 
these pamphlets, which is a short essay on historical culture in the English public 
schools, in which the subject is treated in an intelligent manner by Mr. Browning. 
The author urges, with much propriety, the importance of the study of uni- 
versal history and the study of political science. He protests with some justice 
against treating history in a picturesque or topical manner, his reasoning being 
that it is not so much the event that should be impressed on the mind of the pupil 
as the effect and consequence of the event. His statement that " many of the most 
striking scenes in history never took place " is perhaps a little too broadly made. 
In regard to historical authors Mr. Browning very justly recommends the study of 
Gibbon as necessary to a thorough historical education. 

By Oliver B. Stcbbins, Esq., of iSouth Boston. 

The History of Milton, Mass., 1610 to 1887. Edited by A. K. Teele. 8vo. pp. 
682. Price $3 cloth, $4 half-morocco. For sale by Messrs. Clarke & Carruth, 
Boston, Mass. 

Milton is for many reasons one of the most interesting towns in Massachusetts, 
and it is well that its history has been written before all the elder inhabitants, in 
whose memories old traditions and facts lie stored, have passed away. This history 
covers a great deal of ground and treats of many subjects. First in every sense 
comes what might be called the natural history ot the town ; the rare beauty of its 
situation between sea shore and country ; its river to which the Charles pays 
tribute; its Blue Hills which give a name to the State they adorn : the unrivalled 
beauty of the views from its various heights ; its quarries, its water power and 
its flora. The Indian life in the town, including the settlement of Punkapoag, is 
noticed; and letters are given from Dr. J. Hammond Trumbull explaining the mean- 
ing of the Indian name, [Jnquetyquisset, and settling the origin of the name Massa- 
chusetts. An account follows of the early inhabitants of Dorchester, who settled 
on the south o( the river before the incorporation, with an ancient plan showing the 
location of their grants, and the first tax lists. There are notices of several of the 
old families, and ol some of the more distinguished inhabitants, as Gov. Hutchinson, 
Gov. Belcher, Rev. Joseph Emerson, Rev. .Samuel Man, Rev. Peter Thacher, Gov. 
Bobbins, Gen. Sumner, &c. There are chapters on old houses and landmarks, on 
highways and byways, and in connection with these last is a most excellent his- 
torical map showing all the old houses and roads ; all the roads being dated, and 
the earlier ones so carefully distinguished that they can lie detected at once. A 
chapter on " First Things " claims lor Milton several useful inventions or k ' intro- 
ductions " besides the railway, paper mill, chocolate mill and grist mill which have 
always been allowed to her. A recent reviewer speaks of the Grist Mill as 
belonging to Milton " by construction " only, as it is on the Dorchester side of the 
river; but as it was set off to Milton by the original act of incorporation in 1662, 
has always been and still is, taxed in that town, it seems as if Milton's claim might 
be regarded as mure than a constructive one. 

The famous Suffolk resolves are given in full, the only satisfactory thing to do in 
such casts. In a monumental work like a town history space should not be con- 
sidered in comparison with the preservation in completeness and under one cover of 
all important documents. The chapter on the proceedings relating to small-pox in 
1809 will probably be a surprise to all but the very few who have seen the now rare 
pamphlet which was printed and distributed by the town at the time. We would 
gladly have seen the whole proceedings reprinted. The History of Milton Cemetery 
is reprinted with some alterations from a pamphlet issued several years ago ; and 
the military record of the town has of course a good deal of space devoted to it, with 
a notice of Capt. Samuel Wadsworth, killed at Sudbury. There is also a very 
amusing account, hitherto unpublished, of a letter written to Gov. Hutchinson by 
some of his Milton neighbors on his departure for England, and the way in which 
the town " took them to Task " for it! Rev. Peter Thacher's diary is printed for 
the first time, but unfortunately its owner "has seen fit" to withhold parts of it. 
Rev. Dr. Teele, the Editor as he modestly calls himself, claims as discoveries the 
following, among others : — 

1. The probability that the First-Meeting House was on Milton Hill. 

2. The fact that a ministerial house was built on the Robert Vose lot in 1663. 

3. The fact that the tract of land in the southwest part of the town, about 340 
acres, was obtained from Braintree in 1754. 

1888.] Book Notices. 219 

The illustrations, which are numerous, are extremely good, and the maps, though 
small, are clear and distinct. The History was printed in accordance with a vote 
of the Town in 1881, appointing Albert K. Teele, James M. Robbins, Charles Breck, 
and Edmund J. Hiker a committee for procuring the writing and publishing the 
History. Mr. Robbins died while the work was in progress, but not before he had 
examined and approved the first nine chanters of the book. 

By Miss Emma F. Ware of Milton, Mass. 

How to write the History of a Family. A Guide for the Genealogist. By W. P. 

W. Piiillimore, M.A., B.C.L. Boston: Cupples & Ilurd. 12mo. pp. vi.+206. 

Price $9. 

We have rarely passed two or three hours more agreeably or profitably than in 
perusing this book, which not only contains a great many important and useful 
suggestions to the compiler of a family history, but very valuable lists of the 
numerous sources from which genealogical matter is to be obtained in England, 
with much information as to the means of getting at these sources, whether printed 
or manuscript. The chapters on the surname, heraldry, kinship and systems of 
genealogy alone are sufficient to entitle the author to the thanks of every true 
genealogist, and yet these chapters, full of much needed instruction and common 
sense directions as they arc, precede others of still more value, and which none but 
an experienced, practical and scholarly genealogist could have written. Mr. 
Phillimore shows that he is well acquainted with the methods of investigation in 
America ; and his familiarity with our prominent publications and standard authori- 
ties will attract the attention of the reader, [n illustrating the " Register method " 
he introduces a portion of the pedigree of Dean, as published in the Register for 
1883. showing the descent of its present editor. He acknowledges in his preface 
indebtedness to Mr. Henry F. Waters, the Society's agent in England, and to other 
well known and accomplished genealogists. 

It is a "consummation devoutly to be wished" that every author of a family 
history might be able to follow the plan which Mr. Phillimore outlines, as it would 
result in a most thorough and complete work, but we fear that often a lack of 
means, if not of material, will render this impracticable. On page 59 it is sug- 
gested that it is well to give a list of books and records examined without result, 
as well as of those from which matter was obtained ; the only objection to this is, 
that it is possible that some clue might escape the most patient investigator, which 
by chance another would find. If a person proposes to write the history of a family, 
we can think of no better preparation for him than to read carefully Mr. Piiillimore 's 
book, which will be of the greatest assistance to all such, both in the old world and 
the new. There is a good index, and the print is excellent. 

By George K. Clarke, LL.B., of Needham, Mass. 

Papers of the California Historical Society. Vol. I. Part II. History of the College 
of California. By Samuel II. Willev, D.D. San Francisco : California Histori- 
cal Society. 1887. Paper. 8vo. pp. 440. 

The author of this valuable history of the career of the College of California, 
now merged in the University of California, was from the very start an earnest and 
persistent worker in the cause to which he gave so large a share of his attention 
and influence. Ilimsell a graduate of Dartmouth, he was fully equipped for the 
task ; yet, not content with his own ideas, he sought and received competent advice 
from the east, prominent among which was that of Rev. Dr. William M. Rogers, 
of Boston; Key. Henry Durant, the first professor in the College; Rev. Dr. 
Bushnell, of Hartford, Conn. ; and the Society for the Promotion of Collegiate and 
Theol >gical Education in the West. 

1 1 \v lab >rs were expended, the preparatory school started, various sites examined, 
funds sought and secured, the college chartered, officered and opened, young men 
educated and graduated, the public instructed through the press, other depart- 
ments cryst llizi 1 in the college town, till the University evolved, is delightfully 
told in these pa Dr. Willey, who foriret> not the historic duty of a li-t of the 

meui'i rs, of the board of trustees, of the faculty and teachers, of it- graduate! and 
th <-'■ upon whom honorary were conferred. It is a remarkable record lor 

fifte. , 1855-1870. 

The appendix is devoted to a series of able, instructive and important pa 
consisting of commencement, anniversary and association orations from eminent 

220 Booh Notices. [April, 

men, a poem from Bret Harte, a list of resident graduates in the State of various 
colleges throughout the United States, and a copious index. The first part of this 
volume was noticed by us last July. 
By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

The Cavaliers and Roundheads of Barbados, 1650-1652. Willi some Account of I he 
Early History of Barbados. By N. Darnell Davis. " Argosy " Press : George- 
town, British Guiana. 1887. 8vo. pp. viii.-f-261. 

In a previous issue of this periodical, January, 1885, a short review of a sketch 
bearing the above title was presented to our readers, and the author, profiting by 
the accumulations of additional material, has expanded his first narrative to the 
larger proportions of a bound volume of nearly three hundred pages. The author, 
Mr. Darnell Davis, is an officer in Her Majesty's customs service at Georgetown, 
Demerara, British Guiana, and he brings to this work the talents of an expert an- 
tiquary, as we have before had occasion t) speak of his archaeological labors. The 
writer is cognizant of his constant and valuable contributions to the history of 
the colonial possessions of England on the Atlantic Coast as they have appeared 
in local publications, and also aware of his generous assistance to American 
students in respect to questions of mutual interest to these islands and the set- 
tlement of New England. The relations which existed between these colonial pos- 
sessions during the sixteenth century were more intimate than is generally suppos- 
ed, and the volume before us brings this out in several ways. These islands were 
often but the stepping stones for emigrants bound for New England — often they 
became prolonged abiding places. The subject of the volume is sufficiently indi- 
cated by the title, and the author, with a mine of references at his command to for- 
tify his position, describes in an interesting narrative the varying fortunes of the 
two political factions in Barbados during the troublous times of the civil war. Id 
that remote colony party spirit ran as high as in the old country, and each side 
made as much of their turn in power as their leaders did at the scene of action in 
England, and the author easily carries the reader through to the end by his grace- 
ful style <tf telling historical facts. 

The typographical appearance and press-work of the book is most excellent, and 
with its uncut edges and ample margins is pleasant for a book-lover to behold. 
So many valuable documents are quoted and citations given, that it seems strange 
there should be no index, which would much enhance the value of the book, for it 
must become a reference bo >k for future gleaners in this field. 
By Charles E Banks, M.D., of Portland, Me. 

The First Epic of Our Country, by the Poet Conquistador of New Mexico, Captain 
Gaspar de Villagrd. By John Gilmary Shea. 8vo. pp. 16. 

Oration on the Death of Gen. George Washington. Addressed to the Catholic Con- 
gregation of St. Mary's Church of Albany. By the Rev. Matthew O'Brien, 
Pastor of the Same. For February 22, 1800, the day appointed by Congress. 
From the Albany " Gazette," February 27, 1800. 8vo. pp. 8. 

Account of the Voyage of the Ursulines to New Orleans in 1727. Translated by 
John Gilmarv Shea. From the edition of the Original Manuscript printed in 
Shea's Cramoisy Series, 1829. 8vo. pp. 14. 

Decreta Concilii Provincialis. Oregonensis I. Sancti Pauli habila diebus, 28-29 
Februarii et 1 Mar til, 1848. 8vo. pp. 7. 

A glance at the four titles enumerated above will furnish tangible evidence that 
Dr. Shea, who for the past thirty years has been the great historical student in the 
field of Roman Catholic literature, is still doing yeoman service in his chosen field. 
No words can add to the reputation he has made already as a careful andintelligent 
recorder of events relating to the establishment of the Roman hierarchy in America. 
These four tracts are contributions he makes to that history, and they are not only 
valuable as records, but interesting for perusal. This is particularly so with the 
'* Account of the Voyage of the Ursulines to New Orleans in 1727," an early jour- 
nal of a transatlantic pilgrimage. The " First Epic of Our Country," by Captain 
Gaspar de Villagra, a descriptive poem of thirty-four cantos, published in 1610, 
and relating in Castilian measures the Conquest of New Mexico. The sermon by 
Rev. Matthew O'Brien, D.D., on the " Death of George Washington," is a 
patriotic tribute to the first president. 

By Charles E. Banks, M.D., of Portland, Me. 

1888.] Book Notices. 221 

A History of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with Persia. Marietta, 
Ohio : S. It. Alderman & Sons, Printers. 1887. 8vo. pp. 55. 

This work is t4 compiled mainly from the official records and communications of the 
United States Government and from contemporary writings." In 1880, when the 
Koords invaded Persia, though there was then a treaty hetween that country and 
the United States, we had no diplomatic relations with it. The American Presby- 
terian Board of Foreign Missions had for some time a mission station at Oroomiah, 
a point attacked by the Koords. Though the missionaries were not molested by 
the invaders, this tact excited the hostility of the Persians. The Hon. Rufus R. 
Dawes, a member elect of the 47th Congress, whose sister, the wife of the Rev. Dr. 
J. II. Shedd, was with her husband, a missionary at Oroomiah, wrote on the 20th 
of November, 16.^0, to Mr. Lvarts, the Secretary of State at Washington, requesting 
that measures lor the protection of the missionaries be taken. The British govern- 
ment was asked to extend its good offices in behalf of our countrymen, which was 
readily granted. 

In February, 1882, two months after Mr. Dawes took his seat in Congress, he in- 
troduced a resolution of inquiry on the subject of diplomatic relations with Persia, 
and subsequently brought forward a bill to establish such relations. It met with 

•aeles, bat Air. Dawes pursued the matter with persistency, and overcoming 
many obstacles, had the satisfaction of seeing in August, 1882, the bill passed by 
Congress and signed by the President. The first minister to Persia under this 
act was Hon. Samuel G. \V. Benjamin, who has since published two works on 

The work before us contains letters and other documents, giving a particular 
history of this interesting subject. Mr. Dawes has prefixed this address to his 
children : " It has seemed desirable that the records and papers here published 
should be placed in your hands in compact and durable form. The principal labor 
in preparing the papers has been assumed by your Mother." 

Life of Amos A. Lawrence, with extracts from his Diary and Correspondence. By 
his son William Lawrence. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 
1888. 8vo. pp. X.+289. Price $1.50. 

This volume is an interesting and well-written memoir of an esteemed and 
prominent citizen, who while sustaining as a business man of marked ability and 
unswerving integrity the reputation of his father and uncles, was characterized by 
patriotism, public spirit, and an unselfish interest in the welfare of others. In his 
Boyhood he spent some years at the old homestead of the Lawrences, in Croton, and 
hal a love of nature and of country life, which he preserved throughout all his 
active and useful career. Graduating at Harvard University in 1835, he then re- 
solved, as bis journal records, to be a merchant, but at the same time to be some- 
thing more, and in the midst of many responsibilities and cares he was always ready 
Ive his time, as well as his means, to the sustaining of worthy institutions, and 
e furtherance of beneficent purposes. The chapters relating to the great struggle 
in Kan-. i- between freedom and slavery are of historical value, and Mr. Lawrence, as 
treasurer of the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Association, did as much, if not more 
than any other individual to place Kansas in the list of free states, often supplying 
thousands of dollars to save the cause from failure, and devoting all his energies to 
it. In recognition of his services, the city of Lawrence, in Kansas, was named for 
him, and the people of that state would gladly have shown him other honors. 
I ative by nature, he was ever ready to use all lawful and honorable means to 

mplish what he believed the best interests of the country demanded, hut man- 
fully withstood whatever was unlawful, and disloyal to the constitution. During 
the war Mr. Lawrence took an active part in public affairs, and did all in his power 
for the preservation of the Onion by assisting in the raising of troops, and in many 
other way-. lb- was the founder of Lawrence I Diversity in Wisconsin, and an 
early benefactor of the Episcopal Theological School at Cambridge, to which he 
present i the line building known as Lawrence Hall, with the land on which it 
standi. The erection of Memorial Hall at Harvard (Diversity was din; largely to 
his efforts, and with his brother William he built the Church of Cur Saviour at 
Long wood. Limited space will not permit us to refer to his many other good works, 

nor to tin: events of his amiable private life. W e cannot close this Brief notice 
without mentioning that the memoir contains numi rous extracts from Ins Journal, 
which he kept from boyhood, and that these add much to the interest of the book. 

VOL. XLII. 21 

222 Booh Notices. [April, 

The volume is enriched with two portraits of Mr. Lawrence, and with views of 
several buildings, and it is hardly necessary to say that it is admirably printed, and 
presents an attractive appearance. 

Mr. William Lawrence has most ably and faithfully discharged his filial duty as 
the biographer of his worthy father. 

By George Kuhn Clarke, LL.B., of Need ham, Mass. 

Proceedings of thr Thirty-Fifth Annual Alerting of the State Historical Society of 

Wisconsin. With the Thirty- Fourth Annual Report of the Executive Committee, 

and Prof. James D. Butler's Manorial Address on Alexander Mitchell. Madison, 

Wis. : Democrat Printing Company. 1888. 8vo. pp. (35. With a portrait of 

Hon. Alexander Mitchell. 

The Wisconsin Historical Societv»i? one of the most active and successful histori- 
cal societies in this country. Its library now contains 60,722 volumes and Cr2,l'27 
pamphlets, gathered in thirty-four years. The Society has long made a specialty 
of collecting western newspapers and historical manuscript relating to the west. 
The number of bound volumes oi newspapers i)( all kinds in the library is 5,240. 
A new department has been instituted during the last year, that of Wisconsin 
authorship, and an effort has been made to collect the works of natives and resi- 
dents of that State, in order to form "a permanent exposition of the products of 
»nsin intelh cl ." This project lias met with remarkable success. 

The State ol Wisconsin now furnishes the Society aecoinmodations for its library 
in the State Capitol, bat an that building cannot be enlarged without marring its 
symmetry, the executive committee of the Society look to a not far distant future when 
their collections will need to be boused in a separate building fitted especially 

for their u»e<, and not dependent on the bounty ol the State. k " Che hopes of the 

ety," they say, " Bhould Bet Btrongly in the direction of adequate endowment 
by private munificence, that we may be better enabled to serve the public by ceasing 
to be a pensioner on it^ bounty." They state that "public benefactions of this 

character base been peculiarly numerous throughout the United States during 
1—7." and cite many example- in different parts of the Union, among them those 
ol three members ol the Society that publishes the Register, namely, dames Phinney 
Baxter, to the Maine Historical S reiety and the Portland Public Library ; Frederick 
H. Kindge, to the City of Cambridge ; and donas <;. (dark, to the dark Univer- 
sity at Worcester. We hope that the \\ isconsin Historical Society will before long 
have a building of its own adequate to its present and prospective wants, and that 
it will continue to add to its historical treasures in the same ratio as in the past, aud 
even great i r. 

Southern Historical Society Papers, Vol. XV. Paroles of the Army of Northern 
Virginia, 11. /.'. Lee, General Confederate S&ates Army, Commanding, Surrendered 
<it Appomattoa Court-house, April !>. 1865, /" Lieutenant General U. S. (Irani, 
Commanding Armies of the United Skates. Now first printed from the duplicate 
originals in the Archives of the Southern Historical Society. Edited, with Intro- 
duction, by R. A. BROCK, Secretary of the Southern Historical Society, Richmond, 
Va. Published by the Society. *lbb7. 8vo. pp. 508. 

The place in human history occupied by the Confederate States was earned by the 
achievements of its soldiers. However wise was its statesmanship, its legislation 
or its jurisprudence, the interest of mankind has centred upon the gallant and 
heroic career of its armies, and there it will remain. Most opportune and worthy 
is this handsomely and plainly printed volume, placing upon record the names of 
the final actors in the momentous .struggle and the several positions they each held. 
As the noble families of England trace their descent from the roll of liattle Abbey, 
so future generations at the South will point, with proud satisfaction, to the name 
of their ancestor on this parole list. 

In the Secretary of the Southern Historical Society, Mr. R. A. Brock, the com- 
pilation, as he modestly terms it, secured the service of an accomplished editor, who 
has added to the dry and barren character of such long lists an introduction 
explanatory of the history of the Parole, and the events immediately preceding and 
succeeding the surrender; foot notes, where needed, give intelligent explanation, 
and a copious index, itself of ten closely printed pages, crowns the work. No library 
of works on the late war can be complete without this volume, which we commend 
to historical students as valuable for its reliability and accuracy. 

By George A. Gordon, A.M., of Somerville, Mass. 

1888.] Booh Notices. 223 

Memorial of James Thompson, of Charlestown, Mass., 1630-1642, and Woburn, 

Mass., 1642-1682; and of Eight Generations of his Descendants. By Rev. Lean- 

der Thompson, A.M. Boston : Press of L. Barta & Co. 1887. 8vo. pp. 246. 

For sale by the Thompson Memorial Association, E. E. Thompson, Sec'y, Wo- 

burn, Mass. Price £3. 

The Thompson Memorial is a history of one branch of this quite common name. 
The immigrant James Thompson was one of the earliest settlers and a member of 
the first board of selectmen of the town of Woburn. His son Jonathan Thompson 
was the first male school teacher employed under the authority of the town ; and 
Woburn's most distinguished native, and the most eminent member of the family, 
is Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford. This celebrated man was born in Wo- 
burn, March 26, 1753, and died in Paris, France, August 21, 1814. His birth-place, 
still standing in that part of the town known as North Woburn, was purchased by 
the Rumford Historical Association, organized in 1877, and is now the depository 
of a library and whatever illustrates his career or times. 

Other members of this essentially Woburn family of Thompsons have been dis- 
tinguished and useful citizens — notably Samuel Thompson, Esquire, who died in 
Woburn, August 17, 1820, aged 88 ; chronicler, soldier, deacon, public officer, land- 
surveyor and magistrate ; much employed in his day on important town and state 
business, and a man of extensive local influence, llis numerous papers and manu- 
scripts, still preserved, are a mine of information. [See Register, xxxiv. 397-401.] 

The style of the work is a model of literary excellence ; its plan is simple and 
clear, and is well adapted to the narrative style of composition adopted, which adds 
greatly to its interest to the average reader. Another improvement in this work 
commends itself to genealogists. The expense of publication is shared altogether 
by a family association, and the author is relieved of all responsibility beyond the 
preparation of his manuscript and overseeing its passage through the press. 

The book contains a number of illustrations, is well printed and indexed, and 
is a credit to all who have been connected with its publication. 

By William R. Cutter, Librarian of Woburn Public Library. 

Rhode Island Census, 1885. Amos Perry, Superintendent of the Census. Provi- 
dence : E. L. Freeman & Son. 1887. 8vo. pp. 649. 

Those who use this book will find here all the statistics that one expects to find 
in such reports. The tables and observations concerning the population, manufac- 
tures, agriculture, fisheries and vital statistics of Rhode Island show that Mr. Perry 
has done this part of his work in the most thorough and conscientious manner. No 
one will fail to find here all the information on these subjects that is required. But 
they will find much more. One of the most striking additions to the usual census re- 
ports is that relating to the history and topography of the state. " The superintend- 
ent of the Census," Mr. Perry informs us, " is required to furnish such an account of 
the natural features of the state and of its historical events as will throw light on 
the statistical tables given in subsequent pages. This is doubtless because certain 
natural features and historical events have a direct bearing on the results that ap- 
pear in the tables, and should therefore be brought to view in connection with them. 
As we should not try to understand the social and industrial statistics of a foreign 
country without the lights of geography and history, we are not disposed to try the 
experiment at home. The hills, valleys, streams and waterfalls ; the climate, soil 
and ample harbors, offering various advantages for commerce, agriculture and 
manufactures, as well as its early commercial spirit and enterprises, have exerted 
and will continue to exert a strong influence in determining the character and pol- 
icy of the state." As in the purely statistical portion of this volume bo also in his 
report on these other subjects, Mr. Perry has shown industry, fidelity and zeal. 
The book maj confidently be referred to as a model Census Report. 

The Founders of Ohio. Brief Sketches of the Forty-Eight Pioneers, who under 
Command of General Rufus Putnam landed at the mouth of Muskingum River 
on the Seventh of April, 1788, and commenced the first White Settlement in the 

North- West Territory. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co. 1886. 8vo. pp. 28. 
The title-page shows the contents of this pamphlet, [t gives much information 
that will interest those who attend the centenary commemoration at Marietta on 

the 7th of this month, as well as others who wish to learn the history of the settle- 
ment of the old North- West Territory. 

224 Boole Notices. [April, 

A Few Incidents in the Life of Professor James P. Espy. By bis niece, Mr3. L. M. 
Morehead. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co.. Printers. 1888. 12nio. pp. 22. 

Prof. Espy's " Theory of Storms " was broached about half a century ago. It 
attracted much attention from the scientific world as well as from the general pub- 
lic, and had an important influence on the study of meteorology. The late Prof. 
Joseph Henry, secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, remarked to Mrs. More- 
head : " There is no question in my mind that Prof. Espy should be considered the 
father of the present signal service of the United States, his ' Theory of Storms ' 
having led the way to its establishment and present success." The book before us 
preserves many interesting incidents in the life of this public benefactor. 

Celebrations of the Thirty-Sixth and Thirty- Seventh Anniversaries of the Admission 
of California into the Union, by the Society of California Pioneers, held at Sauce- 
lilo. Marin County, September 9, 1886, and at Camp Taylor, Marin County, Sep- 
tember 9, 1887. San Francisco: Frank Eastman & Co., Printers. 1887. 8vo. 
pp. 49. 

The proceedings of the Society of California Pioneers at these celebrations, wliich 
are printed in this pamphlet, are very interesting. At that in 188(5 a poem, " The 
Pioneers of '49," by Mr. F. E. Chcever, was read by him. In 1887, a poem, " Ar- 
gonaut Memories," by Col. G. Douglas Brewerton, was read, and an oration was 
delivered by Hon. Thomas II. Laine. Speeches, banquets and dancing also enliv- 
ened the occasions. 

Genealogy of the Sharplcss Family, descended from John and Jane Sharpless, settlers 

near ( 'hester, Pi nnsytvania, 1882, together with an Account of the English Ancestry 

if the Family. Compiled by Gilbert Cope. Published for the Family under the 

auspices of the Bicentennial Committee, Philadelphia. 1887. 4to. pp. 1333. 
A History and Genealogy of the Conant Family in England and America, Thirteen 

Generations. 1520-1887. By Frederick Udell Conant. Privately printed. 

Portland, Maine. 1887. 8vo. pp. xvi.-f-640. Price $5.00 in cloth, or $5.25 

Pedigree of Lvdlow of Hill Deccrill, co. Wilts. Tabular pedigree 161 in. by 2l£ in. 

Privately printed in 1884. 
A History of the Dorchester Pope Family, 1634-J888. With Sketches of other Popes 

in England and America. By Charles Henry Pope. Boston : Published by the 

Author at 79 Franklin St. 1888. 8vo. pp. 340. Price $3.50. 
The Family of John. Stone, one of the first Settlers of Guilford, Conn. P>y William 

L. Stone, 9d. Albany: Joel Munsell's Sons. 1888. pp.184. Price' $3. 
The. Nicoll Family of Orange County, New York. Sm. 4to. pp. 62. Douglas Taylor, 

Printer, New York. 1886. Privately printed. 
Gcnralor/y of the Andrews of Taunton and St ought on, Mass., descendants of John 

and Hannah Andrews^ of Boston, Massachusetts, 1656 to 1886. Complied by Lieut. 

George Andrews, U. S. Army, Adjutant of 25th Infantry. 1887. 8vo. pp. 156. 

Price in cloth $1.50, in paper $1.25. 
Ancestry and Descendants of Lewis Dodd and Elizabeth (Baldwin) Dodd. C. C. 

Baldwin, Cleveland, O. 8vo. pp. 11. Privately printed. 1887. 
Pedigree of King, of Salem, Essex County, Mass., 1595-1887. Five Lines of Descent. 

Traced by Rous King. 1887. Tabular Pedigree. 100 copies printed. 
Elder John Prince, of Hull, Mass. A Memorial, Biographical and Genealogical. 

By George Prince. 12mo. pp. 32. Published by the Author. 1888. 
Descendants of Henry Hutchinson. Compiled by Edmund D. Barbour. Boston: 

1888. Tabular Pedigree. 

Some Meriams and Their Connection with other Families. By Run's N. Mkrriam, 
AVorcester, Mass.; Private, Press of Franklin P. Rice. 1888. 8vo. pp. 52. 

Dart Genealogy. By "William C. Sharpe. Seymour, Conn.: Record Steam Print. 

1888. 12mo. pp. 16. 
Genealogy of the Jenks Family of Newport, N. H. Compiled by George E. Jenks, 

of Concord, N. II. 
Proceedings of the first Munson Family Reunion, held in the City oj New Haven, 

Wednesday, August 17, 1887. New Haven : Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, 

Printers. 1887. 8vo. pp. 88. 

1888.] Booh Notices. 225 

Historical Address at the First Munson Family Reunion, August 17, 1887. New 
Haven: Tuttle. Morehouse & Taylor. 1887. 8vo. pp. 5H. 

The Early Caldicclls, Nottingham, England. By Augustine Caldwell. Ipswich, 
Mass. 1888. Broadside 9£ in. by 18 in. 

Genealogy of Thomas Pope (1008-1683) and some of his Descendants. By Franklin 
Leonard Pope. Boston: Press of David Clapp & Son. 1888. 8vo. pp. '22. 

We continue in this number our quarterly notices of recent publications. 

The first book on our list, a bulky volume of over thirteen hundred pages, is on 
the Sharpless family. The American family is descended from John Sharpies, 
who settled in Pennsylvania in 1082. One of the earliest genealogies printed in 
this country was an account of this family, by Joseph Sharpless, published in 1816. 
The present book is by Gilbert Cope, of West Chester, Pa., an experienced gene- 
alogist, author of several valuable works. The bicentenary of the settlement of 
John Sharpies in America, was celebrated at West Chester, Pa., August 24, 
L882, less than six years ago, on which occasion a resolution was passed appointing 
a committee to " prepare and publish a memorial of the event and an extension of 
the genealogy." The professional services of Mr. Cope, who " by years of research 
had collected sach complete n genealogical data relating to this family " as could 
no where else be found in the state," were engaged for this work, and the volume 
before us is evidence that the selection of the committee was the best that could be 
made. At one of the meetings of the committee it was voted that the services of 
Henry Fishwick, F.S.A., an able English antiquary, should be engaged to make 
I- searches into the early history of the family prior to the emigration. Col. Fish- 
wick, besides furnishing other information, wrote a chapter on the Sharpies Family 
of Lancashire, England, which Mr. Cope has here printed. In 1878, a few years 
before the bicentenary commemoration, Mr. Henry W. Sharpless, of Philadelphia, 
employed the late Col. Joseph L.Chester, D.C.L., to make an investigation, and 
his report is also printed in this volume. Mr. Cope has used other materials 
relating to the history of the English family. The American portion of the work 
is very fully carried out, descendants in the female as well as the male line being 
included. The biography, as well as the genealogy of the family, is deserving of 
praise for its fulness and minuteness. The book is handsomely printed on heavy 
white paper, with large type and a wide margin. It is illustrated with well 
execute'! views, fac-similes of ancient documents, plans and portraits. It is a good 
example of what can be done by a family to preserve its history by a liberal outlay 
ot money with the assistance of a competent genealogist. The book has a very full 

The next book, the Conant genealogy, is mainly devoted to the descendants of 
Roger ( lonant, a prominent character in the early history of New England, of whom, 
a memoir by the late Rev. Joseph B. Felt, LL.I)., was printed in the Kkgister for 
July and October, 1818. Roger Conant was a native of Fast Budleigh in Devonshire 
where he was baptized, April 0, 1592. A brother of Roger, the Rev. John Conant, 
rector of Lymington, was distinguished as a Puritan divine and author. Mr. 
Conant has caused recent researches to be made in England, and has been fortunate 
in the antiquary employed and in the results he has obtained. New and interest- 
ing matter concerning Roger Conant, his ancestors and other kindred, has been ob- 
tained. The author has been collecting, as his leisure afforded him time, for the 
last nine year-, materials for the genealogy of the Conant family, and four years 
. published in tabular form a " Pedigree of the Conant Family," embracing 
■•• _ • gi .ration- and giving the names of about six hundred descendants of 
B ger Conant." This pedigree was noticed by us in April, 1884. The book now 
handsome octavo of about six hundred and fifty pages, contains the 
n • la 837 families, descendants of Roger Conant, besides records of descendants 
of George Conant, who came from Exeter, England, about the year 17 Mi, and 
settled at Plymouth, Mass., and a number of families by the names of Connet, 
1 onett and Conn it, whose ancestry has not been traced beyond the last century. 
The book si fcllent taste, and great industry in the collection of facts. It is 

arranged substantially on the Rbgisi i b plan and bas full indexes of the < kmants, of 
other surnames and of places. It is illustrated with facsimiles of three ancient 
documents, namely, an indenture, dated Nor. 26, 1529, B document in the hand- 
writing and bearing the signature of Roger Conant, and the will of his son Lot, 

VOL. XLII. 21* 

226 Book Notices. [April, 

signed by him as a witness. It has also views of places in England with which 
the Conants were associated, many portraits, numerous facsimiles of autographs 
and other embellishments. 

The Ludlow tabular pedigree was compiled by Messrs. G. D. Scull and Henry 
Hungerford Ludlow- Bruges. The family has an interest for both Englishmen and 
Americans, the famous Edmund Ludlow being a member, as was also Roger Ludlow 
deputy governor of Massachusetts in its early colonial days. A portion of this table 
has been reduced to Register form and is printed in the present number of the 
Register among Waters's Gleanings. 

The Pope Genealogy, though intended for a history of the Popes of Dorchester, 
has an appendix devoted to other families of that name and '' Notes upon several 
intermarrying families." The article on the Plymouth Popes by Mr. Franklin L. 
Pope in the Register for January has been reprinted here. The author of this book, 
the Rev. Charles II. Pope, has been indefatigable in collecting facts, and has visited 
England in pursuit of genealogical information, with gratifying results. The Rev. 
Mr. Pope has arranged the material so Laboriously collected in a clear and intelligent 
manner, and has had it printed in a handsome octavo volume with clear type and 
good paper. The book is well indexed. A view of the ' k New Hospital in Plymouth," 
which stood till the year 1859. and in which the colony that settled at Dorchester, 
Mass., kept "a solemn day of lasting,'' in March, 1639-30, previous to their em- 
barkation for New England, makes a frontispiece to the volume. 

The Stone genealogy is devoted to the descendants of John Stone, an early settler 
of Guilford, it. Among the distinguished personages belonging to this family was 
the late Uol. William Leete Stone, editor of the New York Commercial Advertiser^ 
and author of the Life oi Riant and other biographical and historical works. The 
author of the present work is William Leete St me, 2d, son of the preceding, him- 
self a well known historical writer. The book is well written, full in details and 
clear in its arrangement. It is handsomely printed by Messrs. Joel MunselPs Sons, 
of Albany, N. Y.,and is embellished by a portrait of Col. Stone and views of the Old 
Stone House in Guilford, said to have been built in 1639. The publishers have a few 
copies on hand after supplying subscribers, which they will sell for the present at 
the subscription price, three dollars. 

The hook on the Nicoll family was compiled by the late Chief Engineer William 
N. Nicoll, U.S. N., who died July 2, 1887. It was privately printed for distribu- 
tion among his friends. It is a well prepared hook, elegantly printed, and illus- 
trated by views of residences and facsimiles of autographs. Only a small edition 
was printed. 

The Andrews Memorial, by Lieut Andrews, U.S.A., of Fort Snelling, Minn., is 
devoted to the history of John Andrews, of Boston, Mass., and his descendants. 
The basis of this book, as the author informs us, is a record in an old Family Bible, 
which says: " John Andrews a sea-cooper, from Wales, came to America about the 
year 1663, married Susannah White in Boston, by whom he had John, Samuel and 
Edmond." The information found in the Bible record is printed here in tabular 
form. Lieut. Andrews by his researches has extended this brief pedigree, so as to 
give us the names and records of nearly nine hundred descendants. The records of 
many of the individuals are very full. The book is well arranged, well printed and 
well indexed. 

The l)odd book which is privately printed was partly reprinted from the Supplement 
to Judge Baldwin's book on the Baldwin Family. This Supplement is now in press. 
The book before us is embellished with a portrait of B. L. Dodd, A.M., M.D., who 
prefaces the reprint with an address to his relatives. 

The King pedigree is a large table 22 in. by 27-1 in. in size, folded and secured in 
a portfolio. It is devoted to the descendants of William and Dorothy King, of 
Salem, on whose children, Mr. Waters wrote an article for the Essex Institute, in 
1880, which was reprinted as a pamphlet. Five lines of descent are carried out in 
this table, which is the work of Mr. Rufus King, of Yonkers, N. Y., who has be- 
stowed much time in investigating this family. 

The memorial of Elder John Prince and his descendants relates to a family of 
whom the most distinguished member was the Rev. Thomas Prince, pastor of the 
Old South Church and compiler of the New England Chronology. A tabular pedi- 
gree of thi» family, by Samuel G. Drake, the historian of Boston, was printed in 
the Register for October, 1851. The author of this book, Mr. George Prince, a 
skilful antiquary, has added much to the information contained in Mr. Drake's 
article, and has brought down the lines to the present time. 

1888.] Recent Publications. 227 

The Hutchinson tabular pedigree is on a sheet 144 in. by 21 in., and is folded and 
enclosed in a portfolio. It gives the descendants of Henry Hutchinson, of Boston, 
born 1?(>3, died 1833, to the fifth generation. Mr. Barbour the compiler is a 

The title of the next work, " Some Meriams and their connection with other 
Families," truly represents the contents of the pamphlet. It gives the genealogical 
record of various families by that name in this country, and shows their c mnectiou 
with those of other surnames. Much matter relating to their family history is here 
collected and arranged and eompactly printed. 

The Dart pamphlet is by Mr. William 0. Sharpe, author of genealogies of the 
Seymour and Sharp families. It was prepared at the request of the descendants of 
Joseph Dart of Stratford. Ct. The earliest person of the name in this country, here 
recorded, is Richard Dart, who was at New London, Ct., as early as 1611. some of 
whose descendants are here given. 

The Jenks pamphlet is devoted to one branch of the descendants of Joseph Jenks, 
the ingenious mechanician, of whom an account by his distinguished descendant, the 
Rev. William Jenks, I) D., is printed in the Register, vol. ix. pp. 901-6. The line 
here traced descends from Jeremiah Jenks of the sixth generation, who settled at 
Newport, X. II... just previous fco the Revolution. The author was formerly one of 
the proprietors of the New Hampshire Statesman. 

A reunion of the Munson family was held at New Haven last fall, it being the 
quarter millenary of the arrival in New England of the emigrant ancestor of this 
family, Lieut. Thomas Munson. The next pamphlet in this list contains the pro- 
ceedings on that interesting occasion. The Historical Address was by the Rev. 
Myron A. Munson, M.A. It gave a full and interesting memoir of Lieut. Munson, 
and sketches of some of his more distinguished descendants, a contiihution not only 
to the history of the family, but also to that of the Colony. 

The next pamphlet contains the Rev. Mr. Munsoivs Historical Address, reprinted 
from the preceding. 

The broadside on the Early Caldwells is by the Rev. Augustine Caldwell, pastor of 
the church at Coven try ville, N. Y., whose praiseworthy work in preserving materials 
fur the history of Ipswich, Mass., has more than once been commended in these 
It is in the form of a letter from the Rev. Mr. Caldwell, dated Nottingham, 
England, Aug. 20, 1885, to his friends at home. It gives an account of his visit to 
various parts of England, and preserves the genealogical facts concerning the 
Caldwells which he gathered while there. 

The Pope pamphlet is a reprint from the Register for January. 


Presented to tiif. New England Historic Genealogical Society to March 1, 1888. 
I. Publicatio?is written or edited by Members of the Society. 

Collections of the Bostonian Society. Vol. I. No. 2. Abel Bowen. By 
William Henry Whitmore. Price seventy-five cents. Boston: Old State 
House. 1887. 8vo. pp. 56+ 

Prytaneum Bostoniense. — Examination of Mr. William IT. Whitmore'a Old 
State House Memorial, and reply to his Appendix X. By George II- Moore, 
LL.D Second edition, with additions. Boston: Cupples, Upham & Co. The 
Old Corner Book Store. 1887. 8vo. pp. 40. 

•on Historical Series. Vol. II. No. L. A list of representatives from the 
town of Concord from the Colonial period to the present time, with the date- of 
their election and terms of service, including also the names of certain other 
officers, 1672 1887. Groton, Mass. L887. Bvo. pp. i 

The Colonial Laws of Massachusetts. Ib-printed from the edition of 1672, 
with the supplements through 1686. Published by order of the City Council of 
Boston, under the supervision of William II. Whitmore, Record < ommissioner. 
Containing a new and complete Index. Poston. 1887. 8vo. pp. • 

228 Recent Publications. [April, 

Christianity the Key to the Character and Career of Washington. A dis- 
course delivered before the ladies of the Mt. Vernon Association of the Union 
at Pohick Church, Truro Parish, Fairfax County, Virginia, on the thirtieth day 
of May, 1886. By Philip Slaughter, D.D., Historiographer of the Diocese of 
Virginia. New York : Thomas Whittaker, 2 and 3 Bible House. 8vo. pp. 48. 

Diary and Orderly Book of Sergeant Jonathan Burton of Wilton, N. H., 
while in service in the army on Winter Hill, December 10, 1775 — January 26, 
1776; and of the same soldier as Lieutenant Jonathan Burton, while in the 
Canada Expedition at Mount Independence, August 1 ,1776 — November 29, 1776. 
Compiled and edited by Isaac W. Hammond, A.M. Concord, N. II.: Repub- 
lican Press Association, 22 North Main Street. 1885. Svo. pp. 38. 

Inscriptions from the old Burying Ground at Lynnfield Centre. Copied by 
John T. Moulton. Svo. pp. 11. 

Sketch of Journalism in Fitchburg, Mass., by James F. D. Garfield. Fitch- 
burg: Press of Blanchard and Brown, isss. 8vo. pp. 24. 

The History of Milton, Mass. 1640 to 1887. Edited by A. K. Teele. [1887] 
8vo. pp. 668. 

II. Other Publications. 

History of the Handel and Haydn Society, founded A.D. 1815. From May 
26, 1851, to May 29, 1865. By John S. bwight. Vol. J. No. 8, containing 
chapters iv. to vii. Boston : Alfred Mudge <S: Son, Printers, 24 Franklin Street. 
1887. 8vo. pp. L50 285, xv. 

Record History and Description of the Bennington Battle Monument, and the 
ceremonies at the laying of the Corner Stone. August 16, 1887. Published by 
('. A. Pierce. Bennington, Yt. Folio, pp. 16. 

History of the Wes1 Roxbury Park.— How obtained, disregard of private 
rights, absolute injustice, arbitrary laws, rights of eminent domain, 1873 to 1887. 
Gloucester : Cape Ann Breeze Steam Book and dob Print. 1887. pp. 108. 

Address in commemoration of the life and services of Charles Francis Adams, 
delivered in the Stone Temple at Quincy, lib duly, 1887, by William Everett. 
Cambridge: John Wilson & Son. University Press. 1887. 8vo. pp. ill. 

Proceedings of the Maine Historical Society on the occasion of a compli- 
mentary dinner to James W'aii' Bradbury, LL.D., President of the Society, on 
his eighty-fifth birthday, June 10, 1887. Portland: Printed for the Maine 
Historical Society. 1887. 8vo. pp. 56. 

Tributes of the Massachusetts Historical Society to Francis E. Parker. 
Privately printed. Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1887. 
Svo. pp. 72. 

Constitutions, By-Laws, Officers and Members of the Saint Nicholas Club 
of the City of New York, 1887-88. Club House, 415 Fifth Avenue. Sq. 8vo. 
pp. 45. 

Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan against 
the Six Nations of Indians in 1770, with records of Centennial Celebrations, pre- 
pared pursuant to Chapter 361, Laws of the State of New York of 1885. By 
Frederick Cook, Secretary of State. Auburn, N. Y. : Knapp, Peck & Thomp- 
son, Printers. Svo. pp. 579. 

Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New York. Edited 
by Berthold Fernow. State Archives, Vol. I. Albany, N. Y. : Weed, Par- 
sons & Company, Printers. 1887. 8vo pp. 636. 

Sixty-seventh, Sixty-eighth and Sixty-ninth Annual Reports of the Trustees 
of the New York State Library for the years 1884, 1885 and 1886. Albany, 
N. Y^. : The Argus Company Printers. 1887. 8vo. 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Twenty-third Annual Catalogue of 
the Officers and Students, with a statement of the course of instruction, and a 
list of the Alumni. 1887 — 1888. Boston : Thomas Todd, Printer. Congre- 
gational House, corner Beacon and Somerset Streets. 1887. 8vo. pp. 164. 

Transactions and Reports of the Nebraska State Historical Society. Vol. II. ■ 
Lincoln, Neb. : State Journal, Printers. 1887. 8vo. 

The Dahlgren Shell-Gun and its Services during the late Civil War. By C. 
B. Dahlgren. Trenton, N. J. 1887. 8vo. pp. 23. 

1888.] Recent Publications. 229 

Historical Address by Frederick Chase, Esq., and Oration by the Hon. 
George Iloadly, LL.D. Delivered before the Phi Beta Kappa Society of 
Dartmouth College at its Centennial Anniversary, June 29, 1887. Cambridge : 
John Wilson 6c Son, University Tress. 1887. 8vo. pp. 59. 

Report of the Commissioners appointed to ascertain and establish the true 

i'urisdictional line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire to the New 
Hampshire Legislature. June session, 1887. Manchester : John B. Clarke, 
Public Printer. 1887. 8vo. pp. 20. 

The Monroe Doctrine. A concise history of its origin and growth. By 
George F. Tucker. Boston : Published by George B. lleed, Law Bookseller 
and Publisher. 1885. 8vo. pp. 138. 

Address of J. II. Montgomery, Esq., at the Centennial Celebration of the 
town of Penobscot, September 14, 1887. Camden : Herald Print. 1887. 
8vo. pp. 10. 

Proceedings at the Celebration of the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary 
of the Incorporation of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts, September 21, 
188G. Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, University Press. 1887. 8vo. 
pp. 214. 

Life of Josiah Meigs. By his great-grandson, Win. M. Meigs. Philadelphia. 
1887. 8vo. pp. 132. 

Minutes of the Seventy-eighth Annual Meeting of the General Association of 
the Congregational and Presbyterian Churches of New Hampshire, held at 
Keene, September 13, 14 and 15, 1887. Eighty-sixth Annual Report of the 
New Hampshire Home Missionary Society. Haverhill, N. H. : Printed at 
Cohos Steam Press. 

Bulletin of the Boston Public Library. Autumn number. 1887. Vol. VII. 
No. 4. Whole No. 75. 

Catalogue of the Officers and Alumni of Rutgers College (originally Queen's 
College) in New Brunswick, N. J., 1770 to 1885. Trenton, N. J. : John L. 
Murphy, Printer. 1885. 8vo. pp. 132. 

A Commemorative Discourse on the Life and Character of Prof. Charles 
Edward Hamlin, LL.D. Delivered in the Chapel of Colbv University, Jnly 5, 
1887. By Rev. Francis W. Bakeman, D.D. Portland: Printed by B. Thurs- 
ton & Company. 1887. 

Proceedings of tin; New Jersev Historical Society. Second Series. Vol. IX. 
1886-1 88 7. Newark, N. J. : Daily Advertiser Printing House. 1887. 8vo. 
pp. 260-h 

Additions and Corrections to History of Bowdoin College. 8vo. pp. 909-933. 

General Conference of the Congregational Churches in Maine. Sixty-first 
Anniversary. Maine Missionary Society. Eightieth Anniversary. Held with 
the South Church, Augusta, June 14th, 15th, 16th, 1887. Portland : B. Thurs- 
ton & Co., Printers. 1887. 8vo. pp. 2 11. 

Papers of the Historical Society of Delaware. VI. Minutes of the Council 
of the Delaware State, from 177G to 1792. The Historical Society of Delaware, 
Wilmington. 1887. 8vo. pp. 1 ^ 78. 

Biographical Sketch of John (r. Deane, and brief mention of his connection 
wih tin- Northwestern Boundary of Maine. Copied by permission from the 
records of the Maine Historical Society ; also. Memoranda about members of the 
family, old residents of the City of Ellsworth, Maine, etc. Prepared by and 
printed inv his son, Llewellyn Deane, June, 1885, for private use;. Wash- 
ington, I). C. : R. Beresford, Printer. 1887. 8vo. pp. 70. 

Fifth Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas Slate Histori- 
cal Society. Presented to tie- Society at its Eleventh Annual Meeting, held at 
Topeka, January 18, 1887. Topeka, Kansas: Kansas Publishing Hoi 
Clifford ('. Baker, State Printer. 1887. 8vo. pp V 

Annual Report of the Board of Managers of tie Buffalo Historical Society, 
Jan. Jl, 1887, and the Society's Proceedings. Buffalo: Published by order of 
tie- Society. 1887. 8vo. pp. 57. 

Unveiling of the Juneau Monument, July 6th, 1887. Milwaukee. [1887]. 
pp. 32. 




Papers of the California Historical Society, Vol. I. Part II. History of tlie 
College of California, by Samuel H. Willey, D.D. San Francisco : California 
Historical Society. 1887. 8vo. pp. 440. 

Seventh Annual Festival of the New England Society of Pennsylvania, at the 
Continental Hotel, Philadelphia, December 22, 1887. Times Printing House, 
725 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Penn. 8vo. pp. 67. 

Collections of the New York Historical Society for the year 1882. New 
York: Printed for the Society. 1883. 8vo. pp. 515. 

Avery Plumer. A Memorial Sermon preached at the Old South Church, by 
the Rev. George A. Gordon. Boston: Press of T. R. Marvin & Son. 1887. 
8vo. pp 15. 

Alpheus Hardy. A Memorial Address. Old South, Boston, October 28, 
1887. Bv the Rev. George A. Gordon. Boston: Press of T. R. Marvin & Son. 
1887. 8vo. pp. 12. 

The Cartographical History of the North Eastern Boundary Controversy 
between the united States and Great Britain. By Justin Winsor. Cambridge: 
John "Wilson & Son, University Press. 1887. 8vo. pp. 

The part borne by Sergeant John White Paul of Col. John Topham's Regi- 
ment of the Rhode Island Brigade, in the capture of Brigadier General Richard 
Prescott, Commander of the British forces near Newport, R. I., in 1777. By 
Edward J. Paul. Milwaukee: Swain & Tate, Book and Job Printers. 1887. 
8vo. pp. 22. 

Royal Historical Society. The teaching of history in Schools. An address 
delivered Oct. 22, 1887. By Oscar Browning, V. R. Historical Society, 
together with a report of the conference on the teaching of history in schools. 
London: Longmans, Green & Co., and New York, L5 East 16th Street. 1887. 
8vo. pp. 20. 


Mrs. Martha Wright McFadden died 
August 17, 1887, at Pittsburgh, Pa., 
aged 89. Two hundred years ago, John 
Aldcn of Duxborough was laid to his 

rest, and in August of last year his 
grandchild of the fifth remove, Martha 
Wright McFadden, after more than 
nine and eighty years of beautiful liv- 
ing, passed peacefully into life eternal. 
So short a tale of descent is soon told. 
To the John and Priscilla of romance 
and history, of poetry and privation, 
were horn eight children. Their second 
son Joseph married Mary Simmons, 
was one of the original settlers of 
Bridgewatet, and in 1697 he died aged 
73, leaving three sons. The second 
son Joseph married Hannah Dunham ; 
they had seven children; and in 1747, 
in the 80th year of his age, he died. His 
second son, Eleazer, married in 1720, 
Martha Shaw, and died 1773, aged 79. 
His children were eight in number, the 
youngest being Timothy Alden, for 
fifty-nine years pastor of the church at 
Yarmouth, where, aged 92, he died in 
1825. His son, Timothy, Jr., was the 
father of Martha, the subject of this 

On the maternal side, also, her fore- 
fathers were part of the history of 
Massachusetts. Her mother, Elizabeth 
Wormsted, was a daughter of Captain 
Robert Wormsted, whose life reads like 
a romance ; who at 21, fought at Bunker 
Hill ; at 22, was with his regimen! 
(Colonel John Glover's) at the crossing 
of the Delaware; and, after a series of 
adventures, was, at 28, lost with his 
ship off the Grand Bank, in 1782. 
About 1780 he had married Martha 
Shepherd, daughter of Captain John 
Shepherd (who was cast away on Block 
Island in 1761, and perished with all 
his men), and granddaughter of Captain 
Craft Wright, who had married Eliza- 
beth ('alley, daughter of one of the 
principal founders of St. Michael's 
Church, Marblehead. 

When the young Timothy Alden, not 
long from Harvard, married Elizabeth 
"Wormsted, they made their home with 
Mrs. Wormsted in Marblehead, and here 
was born, on the 19th of May, 1798, 
Martha Wright Alden, who, notwith- 
standing her Puritan descent, was 
christened in Saint Michael's, in 




whose shadow so many of her ances- 
tors Blept.. 

In 17'JO Mr. Alden removed his family 
to Portsmouth, X. II.. where they re- 
mained until 1S0S, when they made 
Boston their home. In 1809 came a 
great sorrow ; the death, at 50, of the 
beautiful, stately grandmother, whose 
gifts of beauty and wit were celebrated 
in a quaint acrostic written on her 
name, by Jonathan M. Scwall, which 
is still preserved together with an ex- 
quisite miniature. The death of Mrs. 
AVormsted give an impetus to Mr. 
Alden's cherished plan of founding a 
college in the Far West, and after moves, 
first to New York, where in lSl-i was 
first published "Alden's Collection of 
American Epitaphs," then to Newark, 
the great journey was decided on. It 
was a perilous undertaking, and a 
strange party to undertake it ; the 
scholarly clergyman, whose heart was 
in his books ; the frail beautiful mother, 
who had only been used to the elegan- 
cies of life; two daughters just bloom- 
ing into womanhood ; two stirring 
lads, and a baby girl ; last, hardly least, 
faithful Betty, the devoted follower of 
her mistress's fortunes. After parting 
with dear friends and with many a 
luxury, for old china and massive 
furniture must be left behind, so high 
was the freight over the mountains, and 
so many books must be taken ; the 
party was packed into the roomy family 
carriage, and, followed by the great 
"Conestoga" wagon, they set off on 
their long journey. After weeks of 
travel they reached Pittsburgh. Here 
they rested only long enough to secure 
<>n a keel -boat, which was 
slowly poled up the Allegheny river 
and French Creek, to their destination, 
Meadville, in Pennsylvania. Marietta, 
Ohio, had been BUggested as the best 
field for Mr. Alden's Scholarship, but 
owing in part to the persuasioi 
Major Roger Alden, his kinsman, and 
Mr. lluidekoper, his friend, both of 
whom had been in the employ of the 
Holland Land Company, Meadville had 
been chosen ; and tin; founding of Alle- 
gheny College was the result. 

In 1818 Miss Alden was married to 
Patrick Farrelly, a member of ( longress, 
and contemporary of John (J. Calhoun. 
One son was born to them, Patrick 
. Farrelly, who was graduated at 
Point in IS 15, with dis- 

tinction in the war with Mexico, and 
met his death at Fort Washita, 1851. 
In 1826 Mr. Farrelly died. After a 
few years Mrs. Farrelly made Pittsburgh 

her home, and in 1835 married Mr. 
John B. McFadden, to whose children 
she was mother in all but the tie of 
blood. In 1880 she was again a widow. 
On the 17th of August, 1887, she 
11 slept with her fathers." 

Remarkably beautiful, with a beauty 
age and death left almost unchanged ; 
gifted as well in mind; with a low, 
sweet voice, a magnetism which made 
her loved by all, and great dignity of 
presence ; all this was as nothing to 
the lovely soul that dwelt in her. Her 
many and great griefs but made her 
spirit the lovelier : she truly was " in 
the world, and not of the world" ; she 
taught the beauty of a Christian life, by 
living it. Almost a part of the nation's 
history ; her grandfather fought at 
Bunker Hill; her son in Mexico ; while 
one, almost a son, died in battle May 
5th, 1864 ; her memory abounded in 
the most delightful reminiscences, tales 
of old Puritan times ; of the dignified 
Boston of the early nineteenth century ; 
and of the history that was then being 
made ; of the journey across the moun- 
tains ; and of many an interesting story 
of her later life ; remembering for more 
than three-quarters of a century, yet 
keenly alive to all the great questions 
of the present, she passed away, a per- 
fect type of womanly sweetness. 

By her grave stood many whose lives 
will always be the sadder for her loss ; 
a sister, who had been as a child to her ; 
daughters and a son, whom in her ma- 
ture years she had taken for her own; 
grandchildren, who in baby- hood had 
nestled in her loving arms ; and great- 
grandchildren, whose birth had been a 
comfort to her in the grief of her 
widowhood ; these, and many more, 
arise and call her " Blessed." 

Sewickley, Pa. a. m. g. 

Prof. O us Frederick Mahson, M.D., died 
at Richmond, Va., Jan. 25, 1888, aged 
65. He was a son of Otia Manson, of 
Richmond, and was born in that city 
Oct. 10, 1822. "As a lad he was a 
member for years of the Patrick Henry 
Literary and Debating Society, amo 
whose members may he recalled the 
late Col. Thomas P. August, of soulful 
wit, and tin; earnest bibliomaniac and 
useful citizen, Thomas II- Wynne," a 
memoir of whom will be found in the 
Regisi i . 128. Otia P. Manson 

was graduated from tl I > - 

partmenl of Hampden- Sidney College 
(now the Medical Colli g ■ of Virginia) 

at the- a'_'e of 1*. and Settled SOOU after 

in Granville County, X. (J. In 18G2 




he was commissioned a surgeon in the 
Confederate States Army, and placed in 
charge of a hospital in Richmond. He 
was subsequently appointed medical 
agent with the rank of major by the 
State of North Carolina, to afford relief 
to its troops in Virginia. These posi- 
tions he continued ably to fill till the 
close of the war. He then settled at 
Richmond in the practice of his pro- 
fession. On the 23d of January, 1869, 
he was appointed professor of Pathology 
and Physiology in the Medical College 
of Virginia, but in 1882 resigned, and was 
chosen professor emeritus of these chairs. 
His contributions to medical science 
have been numerous, lie possessed 
a choice and valuable library in medical 
and general literature, numbering more 
than 2000 volumes. " Not only in his 
profession was Dr. Manson learned, 
but his accomplishments in other fields 
of investigation and branches of learn- 
ing were varied and extensive." He 
was refined in his tastes, dignified in 
his bearing with a responsive nature 
abounding in sympathy and charity. 
(Abridged from an excellent memoir by 
Robert A. l>r< ck, Esq . of Richmond, 
in the North Carolina Medical Journal.) 
Wilmington, February, 1888, 

Augustus Elbbidqe Sandbrson died of 
acute apoplexy, at Flemington, Hun- 
terdon County, New Jersey, Feb. 16th, 

1888, aged 56 years. 11" was horn in 
Littleton, Middlesex County, Mi 
Feb. 15th, 1832, was the second in a 
family of six sons, of Ira and Asenath 
P. (Hatch) Sanderson. His ancestors 
for upwards of two and one half cen- 
turies have continued to reside in, what 
is now, Middlesex County. lie was 
educated at the Mt. Vernon, N. II., 
Academy, now the MeCullock Institute ; 
went to New Jersey in 18-34, taught 
school at Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., but 
soon entered the .aw office of the 
Hon. M. D. Trefren, and in 1858 

was admitted to the New Jersey 
Bar. He continued to reside and prac- 
tise his profession at Lebanon, until 
the autumn of 1877, when he removed 
to Flemington, the county seat, where 
he resided until his death. For a 
number of years, he was Superinten- 
dent of Public Schools, and held various 
offices in town affairs. He held a 
commission of Captain of Infantry in 
the N. J. State Militia. In 1871 and 2 
he represented his district in the N. J. 
Legislature, where he served upon the 
Judiciary and other important commit- 
tees. In politics he was a democrat, 
and was for several years chairman of 
the County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee, lie was a consistent member 
and a deacon in the Reformed Church. 
He was Master of Stewart Lodge, A 
F. and A.M., to which order he be- 
d for many years. On the 1st of 
April, IMS 1, he was appointed and com- 
missioned, by Governor Ludlow, Law 
Judge of Hunterdon County, was re- 
appointed in 1886 for the second term 
of five years, and presided over the 
"Widows and Orphans' Court, Com- 
mon Pleas and Oyer and Terminer, 
until his death, lie married, Xov. 25, 
. Miss Mary Adalinc, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary Ann (Xatzcr) Gro- 
endyke, of Lebanon. She and their 
six children, all of whom survived him, 
were born at Lebanon, except the last, 
who was horn in Flemington, — viz. 
John O., Mary A., Helen A., Augustus 
L., Jennie A. and Jessie E. He was 
regarded as a gentleman of large ex- 
perience, kind and gentle in his dis- 
position, polite and accommodating in 
his manner, high-toned and honorable. 
His opinions were sound and clear, and 
he maintained well the dignity and 
integrity of the Bench. 

His remains were interred at Lebanon 
with masonic honors. 

Ira L. Sanderson. 

Fort Meade, Dakota. 

Errata.— Vol. 42, p. 62, line 5 from bot., after pounds insert wch is. P. 63, line 3, for 
& read .2. ; line 5, for give read giue ; line 6, for and read end ; line 15, dele ; (semi-colon) ; 
line 23, for functi read funct. P. 6o, line 9 from hot., after thousand dele and. P 66, line 
5, for Lewesham read Lewsham. P. 67, line 12 from hot., for debts read Debts, for truly 
read trucly ; line 13 from top, for Checkley read Chechley; line 18, for Randall read 
Randall ; lines 26, 27 and 29, for Sedgwick read Sedgewick. P. 68, line 9 from hot., after 
oweth me insert and a small ring that I had at my Aunt Randall's funeral. P. 69, lines 13 
and 15 from bot., for Typhed read Fyfhed ; line 10 from bot., for granted to read granted 
by. P. 72, line 20, for Barkeing read Barking; line 30, after Grey insert my. P. 117, 
after line 5 insert Communicated. P. 124, lines 12 and 13, insert president of Cornell 
University after Charles Kendall Adams, LL.D., and dele president of Cornell University 
after Hon. Justin S. Morrill. P. 125, last line, for Fillimore read Phillimore. P. 132, col. 1, 
after 1. 24, insert By C. H. C. Howard. 





JULY, 1888. 


By Hamilton Andrews Hill, A.M., of Boston, Mass. 

N Wednesday, the 18th of January last, a large number of rep- 
resentative men were assembled in this city to listen to a com- 
memorative discourse by the Rev. Dr. Andrew P. Peabody, on the 
character and services of the late Marshall P, Wilder. The dis- 
course was delivered by invitation of the New England Historic 
Genealogical Society ; the Hall of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society was gladly opened for the occasion ; and in the audience 
were many officers and members of other societies and institutions, 
in the management of whose affairs Mr. Wilder had taken an 
active and zealous part, and to whose prosperity and usefulness he 
had largely contributed. Perhaps no other citizen of Boston was 
ever prominently identified with so many, and such various interests 
as he had been, and for so long a time. During a residence here of 
more than sixty years, he had been an energetic and prominent busi- 
ness man ; and he was also and equally well known in historical, agri- 
cultural, horticultural and philanthropic circles. It was fitting, there- 
fore, that a portrayal of his life and character should be given in such 
a presence, and by a speaker eminently qualified to do justice to all 
his qualities of mind and heart. It is no less fitting that a sketch 
of his life should be presented in the pages of the Register. In 
April, 1867 (vol. xxi. No. 2), the) 7 contained a memoir from the 
pen of Mr. John II. Sheppard ; but Mr. Wilder had twenty years 
before him at that time in which to add to the record which he had 
already made, and to the reputation which he had achieved. We now 
propose to sketch briefly his completed life ; in doing so, we shall of 
necessity repeat much that has already been said. 

.Marshall Pinckney Wilder was born in Rindge, New Hampshire, 

September 22, 1798. He was the eldest son of Mr. Samuel Locke 

Wilder of that town, and grand-nephew of the Rev. Samuel Locke, 

president of Harvard College from 1770 to 1773. Mr. Wilder, the 

vol. xlii. 22 

234 Marshall Pinclcney Wilder. [July? 

father, kept a country store ; he was for thirteen years a member of 
the legislature of New Hampshire, and he held various important 
town offices. He was a warm Federalist in his political opinions, 
and the names which he bestowed upon his infant son are a remind- 
er to us of the intense party strife which marked the period of hia 
birth. Dr. Peabody says : " At that time John Marshal] and 
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, both eminent in the Federalist 
ranks, and united in a mission to France with Elbridge Gerry, 
had been ousted with gross indignity by the French revolutionary 
government, while their Democratic colleague Gerry had been suf- 
ferred to remain. A cry of indignation rang through the land ; the 
rejected envoys became the twin idols of their party ; and young 
Wilder, as I suppose, expressed his sense of the outrage inflicted on 
them, and of their transcendant merit, by conferring on his first born 
the two names thus inseparable, in honor with one of the great po- 
litical parties, and in abuse by the other."* 

Marshall was sent to the common school of his town at four years 
of age, and remained thereuntil he was twelve, when he was en- 
tered at New Ipswich Academy. His father desired to give him a 
collegiate education, and to fit him for a profession; but he left it 
to him to decide when he was sixteen, whether he would go to col- 
lege, prepare for a business life, or give himself to agricultural pur- 
suits. He chose the last. lie seems to have been attracted to the 
land from his early youth ; and he worked on a farm long enough 
to acquire practical knowledge which was of great service to him 
when in later years he was able, in a sense, to return to his first 
love. But the increasing business of his father made it desirable for 
him to join him in the management of the store ; at the age of twen- 
ty-one he became a partner, and he was appointed postmaster. 

He early developed a fondness for military affairs. At sixteen 
he was enrolled in the militia of his native state ; at twenty-one he 
was commissioned as adjutant, at twenty-five as lieutenant-colonel, 
and at twenty-six colonel of his regiment. He organized and 
equipped an independent company in his own town, of which he 
was chosen captain, and there were few companies more popular in 
the state than the Kindge Light Infantry. 

But Colonel Wilder sought a wider field of activity and influence, 
and in 1825 he moved to Boston. He came to the city well 
equipped for service in the varied, we had almost said, the opposite 
pursuits to which on this broader area he was to devote and distin- 
guish himself during the next sixty years. He began business as se- 
nior in the firm of Wilder & Pay son, in Union Street : his next firm 
was Wilder & Smith, and his store was in North Market Street. He 

* Mr. Wilder several times informed me, and on one occasion stated the fact at a meet- 
ing of the New England Historic Genealogical Society, that he was at first named Marshall 
Pinckney Gerry Wilder, but on account of his father's dissatisfaction with the course of 
Mr. Gerry, that portion of his name was dropped, — Editor, 

1888.] Marshall Pinchney Wilder. 235 

then did business under his own name at No. 3 Central Wharf. In 
1837, with Isaac Parker and Abraham W. Blanchard, he established 
the firm of Parker, Blanchard & Wilder, for the sale of domestic 
goods on commission. A few years later William A. Parker suc- 
ceeded Mr. Blanchard, and the style of the firm became Parker, 
Wilder & Parker. Other members of the firm since then have been 
Ezra Fame worth, Francis J. Parker, Samuel B. Rindge, John 
Byers, William II. Wilder, Benjamin Phipps, William II. Sher- 
man, James Street, and Marshall Shepard. For several years past 
the firm name has been Parker, Wilder & Company, and it so con- 
tinues. This firm is one of the oldest and strongest of the dry- 
goods commission houses in Boston with branches in New York, 
through whose intervention the products of the New England mills 
reach the jobber and the consumer. It was first established in 
Water Street, then in Pearl Street, and moving southwardly with 
the tide of traffic, it settled in Winthrop Square, where it now is. 
In this last location it occupied chambers in a splendid block erected 
by William F. Weld and James M. Beebe, which was utterly con- 
sumed in the great fire of 1872, and which was replaced by another, 
equally substantial, but less ornate in its external appearance. Of 
this firm Mr. "Wilder was a member, almost to the last, and, 
with his partners, he had the satisfaction of passing safely 
through all the commercial vicissitudes of an eventful half centurv 
in the history of the trade and commerce of Boston. He had his 
share also in what we may call the collateral duties of a business 
man in a lanje city, in the direction of banking and insurance affairs, 
and fur several years he was a member of the Board of Trade. 

On his removal to Boston, Colonel Wilder joined himself to the 
oldest military organization in New England, — the Ancient and Hon- 
orable Artillery Company, and he maintained a warm and active 
interest in it to the end. He was chosen captain in 1856, — the one 
hundred and fifty-fifth in the long succession, — and he lived to be 
the oldest past commander of the corps. Before leaving New Hamp- 
shire, he had been initiated as a Mason, and he continued his active 
connection with the order in his new home, and, as the years went 
on, he received all the masonic degrees. He was one of the six 
thousand who signed the celebrated Declaration of the Freemasons 
of Boston and vicinity, December 31, 1831, and at the fiftieth an- 
niversary of that event, which was celebrated in Boston, he respond- 
ed for the surviving signers, six of whom were present. lie was in 
attendance as a delegate at the World's Masonic Convention in 
Pari-, in 1807, and spoke at the banquet. 

After a few years residence within the city limits, Mr. \\ ilder 
bought a fine estate at Dorchester, originally the property of Gover- 
nor In' Sumner. Thifl was hie bome lor more than fifty years. 
Here he gave his Leisure to horticulture and agriculture, and here he 
died. It was said of him in this connection, in L884 : "lie has 

236 Marshall Pinclcney Wilder. [July, 

spared no expense, he has rested from no efforts, to instil into the 
public mind the love of an employment so honorable and useful. He 
has cultivated his own grounds, imported seeds, plants and trees, 
and endeavored by his example to encourage labor and elevate the 
rank of the husbandman. His garden, greenhouses, and a forest of 
fruit-trees have occupied the time he could spare from business, and 
here he has prosecuted his favorite investigations, year after year, 
for half a century, to the present day." And so he continued to do 
to the end. 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society was chartered June 12, 
1821). Genera] Henry A. S. Dearborn was elected its first president 
and Mr. Wilder soon became a member; although their names do 
not appear among the corporators, they were among its most ener- 
getic supporters in its earlier years. It was a darling object with 
General Dearborn (and he soon found a warm coadjutor in Mr. 
Wilder) to make the institution a blessing to the public and an hon- 
or to its friends. Dr. Jacob Bigelow had been seeking an opportu- 
nity U>v several years to establish an extra-mural burying place for 
the people <>f Boston, and lie BUggested to the Horticultural Society 
a plan for purchasing Mount Auburn, then known as Sweet Auburn, 
for the double purpose of :i Cemetery and an Experimental Garden. 
The property was purchased, and a hundred gentlemen, Mr. Wilder 
being one, t >ok burial lots at Bixty dollars each. But the proprie- 
tors of the8e Iota were not d> i ' '■> members of the Horticultural 
Society, and in 1835 they expressed a desire to separate the two in- 
terests from each other. Mr. Wilder was one of the joint commit- 
tee for arranging the terms of separation, which after a good deal of 
discussion was accomplished ; it was provided that one fourth part 
of the gross proceeds from the annual Bale of burial lots, after deduct- 
ing certain expenses, should be paid year by year to the Horticultu- 
ral S >iety. in consideration of its relinquishing all its right and title to 
the property. Thus the proprietors of the Cemetery were able to 
prosecute their work with more singleness of purpose and with 
greater success ; while the Society was greatly strengthened in its 
financial position, and came into the receipt of a regular revenue, 
which enabled it in due time to erect its Hall in School Street 
(afterwards sold to Mr. Harvey D. Parker for the extension of his 
hotel) and its present building in Trcmont Street, said to be the finest 
horticultural hall in the world. In 1840 Mr. Wilder was chosen 
president of the Society, and held this office for eight years. For 
all that he did during the period of his administration, we must refer 
our readers to the reports of the Society and to the newspapers. 
One of his official acts was to place his name at the head of a circu- 
lar calling a convention of fruit-growers, which was held in the city 
of Xew York, October 10, 1848, when the American Pomological 
Society was formed. He was chosen its first president, and he held 
this office at the time of his death. At its biennial meetings he 

1888.] Marshall Pinchney Wilder. 237 

made carefully prepared addresses ; in his address at Philadelphia, 
September, 1883, he proposed a reform in the nomenclature of 
fruits for America, and asked the cooperation of other nations in this 
reform. In February, 1849, the Norfolk Agricultural Society was 
formed. Mr. Wilder was chosen president, and before this Society 
he delivered his first address on agricultural education. In re- 
sponse to a circular issued by him as president of this Society, 
a meeting of delegates of agricultural societies met at the State 
House, Boston, September, 1851, and established what is now the 
Massachusetts Board of Agriculture, as the Massachusetts Central 
Board of Agriculture. He was elected president, and held the office 
until 1852, when it became a department of the state government. 
He was senior member of the Board at the time of his death. In 
1852 he issued a circular in behalf of several states for a national 
meeting at Washington, which was fully attended, and the result 
was the organization of the United States Agricultural Society. He 
was chosen president as a matter of course, and the Society exer- 
cised a beneficial national influence until the civil war broke out. 
In view of Mr. Wilder's devotion to agriculture and its kindred sci- 
ences, it was appropriate that at the two hundred and twenty-fifth 
anniversary of the town of Dorchester, July 4, 1855, the inscrip- 
tion on the central tablet of the great pavilion should be : " Mar- 
shall P. Wilder, President of the day. Blessed is he that turneth 
the waste places into a garden, and maketh the wilderness to blossom 
as the rose." 

Though Mr. Wilder did not seek political preferment, he was in- 
duced in the year 1839 to serve a single term as a representative 
from the town of Dorchester in the Massachusetts General Court. 
Ten years later, in 1849, he was elected a member of the Executive 
Council, the Hon. George N. Briggs then being governor. In 
1850 he was a member of the State Senate, and was chosen presi- 
dent of that body. At the time of his death he was the oldest liv- 
ing ex-president of the Massachusetts Senate. "In 1860 he was 
the member for New England of the national committee of the 
f Constitutional Union Party,' and attended, as chairman of the Mas- 
sachusetts delegation, the national convention in Baltimore, when 
John Bell and Edward Everett were nominated for President and 
Vice-President of the United States." 

Mr. Wilder joined the New England Historic Genealogical Soci- 
ety in 1850, but did not take an active part in its affaire for some 
years. In January, 18G8, he was elected to the office of presi- 
dent, made vacant by the death of Governor Andrew a few months 
before. He was reelected to this office every year while he lived ; and 
the nominating committee had arranged to present his name for re- 
election at the annual meeting in 1887, when the news of his sudden 
death was announced to the community. What he did for this 
Society should never be forgotten. lie infused new vigor into every 
vol. xlii. 22* 

238 Marshall Pinckney Wilder. [July, 

department of its work, and he communicated of his enthusiasm to 
other officers and members. He did not spare himself in the expen- 
diture of time and strength and monev in its behalf, nor did he rest 
satisfied until he had secured for it a house worthy in some degree 
of its importance and influence, and placed it on a secure financial 
basis. In his first address as president, he urged the importance of 
procuring a suitable building for the Society, then occupying rooms 
at No. 13 Bromfield Street. In 1870 he said : :r The time has now 
arrived when absolute necessity, public sentiment and personal obli- 
gations demand that this work be done, and done quickly." Feel- 
ing himself pledged by this address to individual effort, he, as chair- 
man of the committee then appointed, devoted three months to the 
object of soliciting funds, and during this time more than forty thou- 
sand dollars were generously contributed by friends of the associa- 
tion. This made possible the purchase and fitting up of No. 18 
Somerset Street, the comfortable home of the Society at the present 
time. It was dedicated to its new uses with appropriate exercises, 
March 18, 1871. Mr. Wilder then obtained further donations, 
amounting to upward of twelve thousand dollars, as a fund for the 
payment of the salary of the librarian. But the work of the Socie- 
ty, and consequently its requirements, grew as the result of the ex- 
tension of its facilities; and in 1884 Mr. Wilder, as a final labor of 
love, raised, by his own unaided effort, the sum of twenty-five thou- 
sand lour hundred dollars, to be used for enlarging the present 
building or for some similar purpose. This monev was invested, 
and is now called, by vote of the directors, "The Wilder Subscrip- 
tion Building Fund." 

The history of the reservation of a portion of the Back Bay lands, 
owned by the commonwealth of Massachusetts, for educational and 
scientific purposes, must be briefly given here, because of Mr. Wild- 
er's prominence and earnestness in the movement, and because 
there is at least an indirect relation between the reservation and the 
Historic Genealogical Society. In 1857 Mr. William Emerson 
Baker became a member of the Society, and at once began to take 
an active interest in its affairs. He was quick to see, as others had 
seen, how important it was that the Society should have a building 
of its own, and he urged that measures should be taken to procure 
one. At the annual meeting in January, 1858, Mr. Baker was made 
a member of the Finance Committee, with this object in view. He 
had already formed a more comprehensive project, namely, the erec- 
tion of a building for the accommodation of the various historical 
and kindred societies having their seat in Boston. He submitted 
to the Society a plan for a " Conservatory of Art, Science and 
Historical Kelics," and a committee was appointed to consider 
it. This committee reported in February, 1851), favoring in gen- 
eral the plan, and recommending the appointment of a special com- 
mittee to confer in reference to it with representatives of other soci- 

1888.] Marshall Pinclcney Wilder. 239 

eties, and to obtain, in cooperation with such representatives, public 
or private aid to carry it into execution. Mr. Baker sought the ap- 
proval of the Boston Board of Trade for his project, but unsuccess- 
fully; subsequently it appointed a committee — Messrs. Edward S. 
Tobev, Samuel H. Gookin and George Livermore — to confer with 
the representatives of other institutions in a general meeting. In 
the Report of the Board for 185U, presented January 20, 1860, it 
was said : 

In February the government of this Board were solicited to act upon a 
" Plan for a Conservatory of Art, Science and Historical Relics," accord- 
ing to the '•Outline"' presented by a gentleman who appeared much in- 
terested in the measure, — but, after some discussion, we voted to postpone 
indefinitely, on the ground principally that, wanting a distinct commercial 
feature, the project belonged to institutions of a literary and scientific na- 
ture, rather than to one exclusively devoted to trade. Subsequently, how- 
ever, when invited by the committee appointed by citizens of the common- 
wealth (lion. Marshall P. Wilder chairman) to address a memorial to the 
legislature in relation to a " Conservatory of Art and Science," in concert 
with a committee of the Boston Society of Natural History, and with vari- 
ous other associations, we entertained the subject a second time; not only 
because, in the papers before us, the plan provided for a department for 
" the development of Mechanics, Manufactures and Commerce," but be- 
cause we were asked merely to cooperate in behalf of the mercantile inter- 
ests of the city. 

In the report of the Board, presented January 16, 1861, it was 
said further : 

In giving, as we have done, our earnest support to the friends of a " Con- 
servatory of Ait and Science," we followed the example of our predeces- 
sors [the government of the year before]. The plan when first presented 
to the government of this Board, was almost exclusively literary and scien- 
tific, and was accordingly dismissed. But as now presented to us as an 
" Institute of Technology," provision is made for material prosperity as 
well as for intellectual progress. In the department which concerns us as 
merchants, we find that due attention is intended to commerce and manu- 
factures, to maritime and inland transport, to statistics of foreign and do- 
mestic trade, to the improvement of harbors and the construction of docks 
and piers, to the model, equipment and propelling power of vess sis, and to 
naval architecture generally. This development of the original design has 
caused the active cooperation of our committee with the committees of 
other institutions, and has authorized us to solicit the legislature to estab- 
lish an Institute, and to endow it with a portion of the Back Bay lands. 

It will be seen that this Society did not derive any benefit from 
the plan which originated in a desire to provide it with a suitable 
home of its own, for which it had to wait ten years longer; but an 
organization grew out of it which has taken its place i i the front 
rank of our educational institutions. At a banquel given to Mr. 
Wilder by his friends, on his eighty-sixth birth-day, Sept. 22, 1<S83, 
Mr. M. Dennian Boss gave an interesting history of the Back-Bay 
movement, from which we quote the following sentences : 

240 Marshall Pinckney Wilder. [July, 

About the year 1857 there was a movement in the city of Boston to in- 
crease the facilities of the Boston Society of Natural History, and to create 
a Polytechnic and Fine Art Institute. The Massachusetts Horticultural So- 
ciety was seeking to find space for a house. I was a member of a self-con- 
stituted committee representing the several interests referred to, who called 
on Governor Banks, and we asked him to give us his cooperation in influenc- 
ing the legislature then in session, to set apart, or reserve from sale, about 
twenty acres of the space on the Back Bay in the city of Boston. I say 
space instead of land, for the reason that what is now the most beautiful part 
of the city was then covered with water, in many places twenty feet deep. 
Our purpose was to procure ample space for the educational institutions 
which the committee represented, the most prominent at that time being 
the proposed Polytechnic Institute, now called the Institute of Technology. 
Governor Banks asked as what axe we had to grind, and our reply was, 
'• The broad- axe of the state of Massachusetts, your Excellency, and we 
want you with the Legislature to turn the grindstone." 

Our zeal was somewhat chilled, but we were not discouraged by the gov- 
ern newhat adverse attitude. We soon discovered that the work we 
had in hand required a permanent organization of our volunteer committee ; 
and in our search for a leader, Marshall P. Wilder was pointed out to us 
a- tin- man of all others to Bwing the long-handled broad-axe of the state, 
and direct tin; attention of the Legislature to the justness of the cause we 
represented. It was not difficult to persuade him to he the chairman of the 
•ailed Back-Bay Reservation Committee, and his quick perception of the 
great future of this movement enabled him to broaden our plans. His 
strong faith in the importance of the project inspired us to call again to in- 
form his Excellency of our determination to persevere; ami not unlike the 
coon which began to descend from the tire and surrender as soon as 1"' saw 
that David Crockett was pointing his u r um tie- go^ ernor surrendered, hut ex- 
claimed. '• What a mistake! Mr. Wilder will, unless We cheek him, cover 
the whole Hack Bay with an Agricultural and warehouses for his 
specimens in pomology, which he will call museum 

Our leader never hesitated, although it required four years to convince 
the legislature of the importance of our cause; hut Mi-. Wilder's magnetic 
,er helped to enlist Buch names a- Governor Andrew, Professor Wil- 
liam B. Rogers and others, lie worked, and others worked, and the effort 
crowned with buc< 

In the act of April 10, 1861, incorporating tin; Institute of Tech- 
nology, Mr. Wilder was named as a member of the Board of Trust, 
lie became one of the vice-presidents, and continued to act in that 
capacity until the office was abolished in the reorganization which 
took place some years ago under an amended charter. At the ban- 
quet just referred to, General Walker, president of the Institute, 
said : 

I could wish, how heartily I do wish it I cannot say, that the first presi- 
dent of the Institute of Technology, the illustrious Rogers, stood here in 
this place, on this occasion, to tell how much he and his colleagues were 
indebted to our venerable friend for his services in the inception and devel- 
opment of the Institute of Technology. But since that stately and gracious 
presence has passed away, it becomes the duty of his successor in ollice, 

1888.] Marshall Pinchney Wilder. 241 

though not in merit or in fame, to respond to this sentiment, and in behalf 
of the corporation and the faculty, to tender thanks and good wishes to the 
Hon. Marshall P. Wilder. 

This banquet was the crowning occasion in Mr. Wilder's long and 
successful career. More than a hundred gentlemen were present, 
most of whom had occupied influential positions in the state and na- 
tion, or in the walks of learning and letters. In a note to the com- 
mittee of arrangements Mr. Winthrop said : " He deserves a grate- 
ful remembrance as long as a fine pear is relished or a brilliant 
bouquet admired." Dr. Holmes referred to the guest of the occasion 
in another note, as the " venerable and venerated friend who has 
outlived the fruits of four-score seasons, and is still ripening as if 
his life were all summer." 

The late Dr. Paul A. Chadbourne, president of Williams College 
and afterwards of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, wrote a 
sketch of his life in which he said : " The interest which Colonel 
Wilder has always manifested in the progress of education, as well 
as the value and felicitous style of his numerous writings, would lead 
one to infer at once that his varied knowledge and culture were the 
results of college education. But he is only another illustrious ex- 
ample of the men who, with only small indebtedness to schools, 
have proved to the world that real men can make themselves known 
as such without the aid of the college." Two colleges manifested 
their appreciation of his attainments by bestowing their honors 
upon him, namely, Dartmouth College, which gave him the degree 
of Ph.D. in 1877, and Roanoke College, which conferred the degree 
of LL.D. in 1884. 

!? Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn 
Cometh in in his season." Mr. Wilder received a rich fulfilment of this 
promise. In March, 1879, he met with a serious accident, falling in 
the State House, to which he had gone on an errand connected with 
the Agricultural College. For the particulars of this accident we refer 
to the Register for July, 1879. He was laid up for several months, 
but owing to his sound and vigorous constitution, he was restored 
to his accustomed occupations, but with such a reminder of his ad- 
vancing; ai^e as he had never been conscious of before. He was 
industrious and methodical to the last. He finished his twentieth 
annua] address, which he was hoping to read before the Historic 
Genealogical Society on the first Wednesday in January, 1887, and 
the notices for the meeting were issued with his name upon them. 
But when that meeting was called to order, it was by another voice, 
his chair was vacant and draped, and his address was presented as a 
posthumous message. On the morning of his sudden departure 
(December 10, 1886), he rose as usual, took breakfast, led in 
devotions, dictated a letter and signed it in his bold but trembling 
hand, and as he turned to greet his physician with a word of good 
cheer, he pressed his hands upon his breast and fell back in his 

242 Descendants of John Roberts. [July? 

arm-chair, to breathe out his spirit without a sigh or a groan. His 
funeral was attended by a large and representative congregation, on 
the Sunday following his death, at the Second Congregational 
Church, Dorchester, where under the successive pastorates of the 
Rev. Dr. Codman, the Rev. Dr. Means and the Rev. Mr. Packard, 
he had been a faithful worshipper for more than a half a century. 
Mr. Packard conducted the services and preached an appropriate and 
interesting memorial sermon. 

We began this brief sketch with a reference to the memorial ser- 
vice last January in the Horticultural Hall. We will close with a 
few sentences from Dr. Peabodv's tribute on that occasion : 

"We cannot but admire the diligence and breadth of his self-eulture. With 
a good foundation, indeed, of home and school education, ho can have built 
up the superstructure only in the intervals of almost intermittent respon- 
sibility, and by an economy of time rarely equalled; and yet, his is a case 
under a general law. verified by my life-long observation — that time is 

elastic only when well filled, that it is they who do the m08t that always 
have room for more. His writings, which, if collected, would make many 
volumes, imprest me by their accuracy, chasteness and euphony of style, 
by their uniform appropriateness to occasion and subject, and by the evi- 
dently philanthropic purpose which pervades them. His purpose, indeed, 
Underlies his whole character. He Was ambitious, but his ambition was 

to be u>eful. He liked distinction, but as a benefactor of his race. He 
was generous, but what was tar greater praise, his liberal gifts were from 

what was rightfully his own. the proceeds <»f faithful industry and honest 

enterprise. Best of all. he gave himself, mind, bearl and bou! We 

are thankful that he lived BO long and SO well, thankful that for him tic- fri 

volume of life was written, though by his own hand, with no appended rec- 
ord of inability, decline and decay. Happy In- be who thu- passes without 
interruption from faithful work on earth to the noble work of heaven. 


By Lsstbs A. Roberts, Esq., of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

1. John 1 ROBERTS, the earliest known progenitor of the family, is first 
found in Sim-bury. C't.. May 21, 1688, when that town granted him 
ten acres of land for a home lot, that was followed by grants of oth- 
er lands for pasturage, etc. These lands, located in the westerly 
part of the town near the Granby line, he sold in 1694, and in Feb- 
ruary, 1696-7, he bought eight acres "on the east side of the 
Mountain toward Simsbury east bounds, eastward of Mr Moorea 
Marsh," and a second piece of 20 acres. These lands were in that 
part of the town afterward annexed to Bloomfield and known as 
Duncaster district, and on the smaller piece he resided till his death, 
about 17o4. He married Patience Saxton, of Windsor, Ct., who 
was bom June 28, 10.38. She was daughter of Richard and Sarah 

1888.] Descendants of John Roberts. 243 

Cook Saxton. Richard came to New England in the ship Bless- 
ing, and was in Windsor as early as 1643. The children of John 
and Patience Roberts were as follows : 

i. Penelope, 2 b. Jan. 24, 1688 ; d. 1697. 

ii. Ann, b. Feb. 10, 1689. 

2. iii. Richard, b. April 2, 1692; d. 1751. 
iv. Sarah, b. April 27, 1694. 

v. John, b. July 19, 1696 ; d. 1724, probably unmarried. 

3. vi. William, d. Jan. 4, 1761. 

4. vii. Lemuel, b. 1700; d. Sept. 10, 1772. 

5. viii. Nathaniel, bapt. March 24, 1704 ; d. March 4, 1776. 

2. Richard 2 Roberts [John 1 ) was born April 2, 1692, died in 1751. 

Pie married Deborah, daughter o f John an d Deborah Thrall Moses, 
of Simsbury. She died March, 1777, aged about 88 years. They 
had children: 

i. Richard, 3 b. March 25, 1717 ; d. about 1743. 

ii. Penelope, b. Feb. 27, 1721-2; m. Joseph Adams, Sept. 6, 1742. 

iii. John, b. June 5, 1731. 

3. William 2 Roberts (John 1 ) died Jan. 4, 1761 ; married Sarah Mills, 

March 12, 1728. Their children were: 

i. Sarah, 3 b. Nov. 30, 1728. 

ii. Ann, b. Jan. 20, 1730 ; d. Nov. 9, 1732. 

iii. Ezekiel, b. April 15, 1732. 

iv. Daniel, b. Feb. 15, 1735. 

6. v. William, b. Nov. 20, 1736 ; d. about 1774. 

vi. May, b. Feb. 4, 1738-9. 

vii. Moses, b. Dec. 24, 1740. 

viii. Aaron, b. April 16, 1744. 

Of this family I find nothing definite. William (v.) doubtless mar- 
ried Phoebe Wilcox and went to Canton. The records of St. An- 
drews Church, North Bloomfield, Ct., have among baptisms, 
"Children of Ezekiel Roberts viz Aaron July 27, 1766; Daniel 
Sept. 10, 1769, and another Daniel Sept. 19, 1775, and Susannah 
Sept. 19, 1775." Also Sabra, female child of Moses Roberts, Nov. 
27, 17C8, but of none of these children do I find further. On the 
mountain, near the Adams Notch, lived once an aged couple re- 
membered as Capt. Zeke Roberts, and Sue Zeke, who probably were 
of this family. 

4. Lient. Lemuel 2 Roberts (John 1 ) was born about 1700, and " died 

Sept. 10, 1772, in the 72 d year of his age." He was made lieuten- 
ant of the " train band of Simsbury" by the General Assembly in 
1743. He married Abigail, daughter of Samuel Beaman, Nov. 7, 
1731. They had children : 

i. Abigail, 3 b. Sept. 15, 1732 ; d. Sept. 30, 1773, single. 

ii. Lydia, b. April 14, 1735 ; m. Thomas Beaumont of Ilartland, Ct., Jan. 
18, 1753. 

iii. Ph(ebe, b. Dec. 6, 1738 ; m. John Waters, Sept. 29, 1768. 

iv. Lucy, b. Sept. 11, 1740; m. John Fitch, inventor of steamboats, Dec. 
29, 1766. Their children were Shaylor, b. Nov. 3, 1768, m. Louisa 
Borden, Oct. 12, 1794 ; Lucy, b. 1769, d. 1807, m. James Kilbourn. 

7. v. Lemuel, b. Oct. 2, 1742; d. Dec. 19, 1789 ; m. Ruth Woodford. 

8. vi. Nathaniel, bapt. March 24, 1745 ; d. July 31, 1800 ; m. Rhoda Wood- 

ford, twin with Ruth, 
vii. Margaret, bapt. May 28, 1749 ; d. Jan. 8, 1752. 

244 Descendants of John JRobei'ts. [July* 

5. Rev. Nathaniel 2 Roberts (John 1 ) was baptized March 24,1704; 

died March 4, 1776. He was graduated by Yale College and or- 
dained and settled as minister in Torrington, Ct. He married, Nov. 
22, 1743, Margaret Marsh, of Windsor, Ct., and Nov. 7, 1748, 
Esther Loomis. By wife Esther he had : 
i. Margaret, 3 b. June 5, 1759, who married Samuel CummiDgs. 

6. William 3 Roberts ( William, 2 John 1 ) was born Nov. 20, 1736. He 

married Phoebe Wilcox about 1756, and lived in Canton. He lost 
his life in an attempt to cross the dam at Segur's Mill, at low water, 
about 1774. Their children were : 

i. William, 4 Jr., d. 1824; m. Margaret Merrill. They removed from 

Canton, Ct., to Ohio, and raised a large family of children, many of 

whose descendants are now living in and about Trumbull Co., Ohio ; 

but I have been unable to get accurate information concerning them. 
ii. Martin, in. Moses. They removed to the state of New York, and 

afterwards to the " far west." 
iii. Piicsbe, I). 1761 ; d. 1837 ; in. Riverius Bidweli. They moved to Ohio 

when the youngest child was a little girl. 
iv. Lucina, d. 1816; in. David Taylor. Their children were: David, Syl- 

vesler Pomeroy % Edmund, Lucina, who married Joel Bacon, Sally, 

Mindwell&nd Ccltstia. 
v. Ri i bi \. d. 1789, unmarried. 

vi. MlNDWBLL, 1). 1769; d. ls33 ; m. Gurdon Humphrey, 
vii. Elizabeth, d. lMi; m. William Humphrey. 
viii. Asbnath, m. Thomas Qleason. 

7. Lemuel' Roberts [Lemuel? Joint 1 ) was born Oct. 2, 1742; died 

Dec L9, L789. He married Ruth Woodford, of Northington, now 

Avon, Ct. lie was variously known as Esquire, Judge and Captain. 
During the Revolutionary War he was engaged in the commissary 
department, but 1 have no evidence that In: served as a soldier. To 
pay for provisions for the army he raised money by mortgaging land 
on Talcot Mountain, where the tower now stands. Government 
paid him in continental money, and the property was sacrificed. Ilia 
stern patriotism made him some enemies, and in 1787 a protest by 
them was made to the General Assembly against his reappointment as 
Justice of the Peace, but without avail. (See vol. 3 Miscellaneous 
Tapers in the State Library, Hartford, Ct.) lie was found dead one 
morning at the foot of stone steps from a house in which he had held 
a court the evening before. Being lame, he was the last to leave, and 
if he fell or was thrown down the steps was never known. On his 
grave-stone in the Bloomfield burial-ground, under the usual in- 
scription, are the following lines : 

" No Cordial to revive his heart, 
No one to hold his head, 
No friend to close his dying eyes ; 
The ground was his death bed.'' 

The children of Lemuel and Ruth were : 

9. i. Lemuel, 4 b. April 17, 1766 ; d. July 2, 1829 ; m. Roxy Gillet. 

ii. Ruth, b. Jan. 24, 1768 ; d. May 31, 1847 ; m. Ezra Griswold, and went 
to Worthington, 0., in 1803. They were the first white family there, 
iii. Hannah, b. March 15, 1770 ; m. Augustus Filley. 
10. iv. Samuel, b. March 28, 1772 ; d. 1846 ; m. 1st, Elethea Calkins ; m. 21, 
Pamela Patchen. 
v. Lois, b. Aug. 22, 1774; d. 1847 ; m. Zopher Topping and went early to 

18 88. ] Descendants of John Roberts. 245 

vi. Eunice, b. Aug. 22, 1774 ; m. James Goodwin of Hartford. Their child- 
ren were James, Jonathan and Jeanette. 
vii. Hi zi ki.ui, b. June 5, 1770; d. same day. 

11. viii. Hezekiah, bapt. Aug. 20, 1781 ; m. Harriet King. 

8. Nathaniel 3 Roberts {Lemuel, 2 John 1 ) was baptized March 24, 

1745; died July 31,1800. Married Rhoda Woodford, of North- 

iugton, now Avon, Ct. Their children were: 

i. Ehoda, 4 b. Dec. 11, 1766 ; m. Elisha Allyn. 

ii. Nathaniel, b. Nov. 13, 1768; d. Nov. 19, 1813, single. 

iii. Lvdia. b. March 20, 1771 ; m. Melancthon Foster. Children, Electa 

and Hannah. 
iv. Orpha, b. July 16, 1773 ; m. Ilezekiah Holcomb, 1791, 
v. Electa, b. Oct. 1775; in. William Adams, Jr. Children, Chester and 


12. vi. Erastus, b. June 25, 1781 ; m. Lois Colton, Nov. 24, 1803 ; m. 2d, Hil- 

pah Holcomb. Aug. 21, 1805. 

13. vii. Chester, b. July 18, 1785; m. Harriet Wilson, Oct. 12, 1806. 

9. Lemuel 4 Roberts (Lemuel? T^emuel 2 John 1 ) was born April 17, 1766 ; 

died July 2, 1829 ; married Oct. 5, 1786, Roxy, daughter of Amos 
and Susannah (Webster) Gillct. Their children were: 

i. Roxy, 6 b. 1787: d. July 4. 1882; m. Elijah Taylor— had Cordelia; m. 
2d, Russell Wells — had Russell and Samuel R. 

14. ii. Lemuel, b. July 16, 1789; d. July 28, 1825; m. Betsey Gillet Thrall, 
iii. Laura, b. Nov. 17, 1792; d. Nov. 15, 1829; m. Newton Case. 

iv. Hermon, b. June 22. 1794 ; d. April 26, 1810. 

15. v. Hiram, b. Jan. Ii), 1797; d. Sept. 6, 1845; m. Nov. 24, 1825, Polly 

vi. Melissa, b. March 21. 1800; d. Oct. 31, 1883; m. May 28, 1820, Sim- 
eon S. Batterson. Their children were : Minerva Melissa, b. 1821 ; 
James Goodwin, b. 1823, m. Eunice E. Goodwin ; Sherman Sumner, 
b. 1825, d. 1828 ; Herman G., b. 1827, m. Ellen Colton, 2d, Sarah E. 
Farnum ; George T., b. 1830, m. Maria Goodwin; Harriette C, b. 
1832. m. Orrin H. Wbitmore; Mary E., b. 1834, d. 1836; Mary J., 
b. 1836, m. George M. Fuller ; Fanny R., b. 1838, m. James N. Good- 
win ; Simeon Sumner, b. 1841, d. 1842 ; Henry A., b. 1843, d. 1883, 
m. Mrs. Mary A. Horton ; Hiram Roberts, b. 1846. 

10. Samuel 4 Roberts (Lemuel, 8 Lemuel, 2 John 1 ) was born March 28, 

1772; died 1846 in Sharon, Ct. lie married in 1793, Elethea 

r '-j]l.-ius. She died in 1813. In 1815 he married Pomela Patchin. 

* fe Elethea he had : 

p um ' "■ so? ; d. Sept. 27, 18*7 ; m. Elijah Hunt, by whom she had 

v\ uf£T y L*&< Ralph Hills, M.D. 

vi. Henry, b. I8u . d ' 18l0 

Children by Pomela Patcbin . 

TO. Mart Jkanrttb, L 1816 . m g imeon B Sears Children: Mar,/ Gould, 
"■ i*i~ .in . Uiar, s E Eastman; Albert Roberts, b. 1843 ; Amanda 
uermond, h. [845 m . Henry 0. Brown; Louisa Mersene, b. 1847, 
v\\\ v u^Ko ; :u ' n; 'lee; Almira Gould, b. 1849, m. Frank A. Ellis. 
vin. jllla , o. 1818; (l. inn- m . George Colo. Children: George Roberts, 
d. ml, m. Sarah St. John; Catherine E., b. 1843. m. William H. 
Smith ; Richard B., h. m « ; Frank II , d. young. 
ix. UATUKRINE Ellen, b. 1820; „,. William D. Hamlin. Children: Mary 
ifti- i .u- 45, m " Howard Osterhoudt; William Darling, Jr., b. 
io4i,a. 18/6; Albert Franklin, b. 1810, d. 1850; Walter Keeney.b. 
vol. xlii. 23 

246 Descendants of John Roberts. [July, 

1851, d. 1879; Catharine Amanda, b. 1851, d. 1862; Ella, b. 1858, 
m. Harris P. Osterhout. 

11. Hezekiah 4 Roberts (Lemuel? Lemuel, 2 John 1 ), baptized Aug. 26, 

1781. Married Harriet King. Their children were : 

i. George King, 6 b. 1808; m. Jane T. Knuckle. 

19. ii. Hezekiah Chesterfield, b. Oct. 24, 1811 ; m. Minerva Chamberlain. 

20. iii. Roswell Augustus, b. Dec. 8, 1815; in. Caroline Robinson, June 18, 

iv. Harriet King, b. 1821 ; d. unmarried. 
v. Richard William, b. 1823 ; d. 1829. 
vi. Aurelia Walker, b. 1826; m. Stephen D. Van Winkle. 

12. Erastus 4 Roberts (Nathaniel* Lemuel, 2 John 1 ) was born June 25 t 

1781. He married Lois Colton in 1803. She died 1804. Married 
second, Hilpab Holcomb in 1805. She died 1820. He left his 
home in Tariffville, Ct., soon after the death of his second wife. A 

few letters were received from him, after which nothing was known 
of him. l>v wife Lois he had: 

i. Erastus Seymour,* b. Oct. 20, 1804; m. Betsey Thrall Roberts. lied. 
March, 1854, in Tallahassee, Florida. Had one child who died in 


By wife Hilpah Holcomb he had : 

ii. Hilpab Louisa, b. 1*06. 

21. iii. Harvey Joseph, '>. May 35, L808; m. Betsey Smith. 

iv. MabiaT., I). Sept. 6, L8I0; m. Henry E. Back, May 21, 1835. 
v. Maryette, l). -Ian. 86, 1814; m. Sylveeter <-. Holt, Feb. 11, 1834. 
\i Edwin R., b. Oct. 4, 1817 ; m. 

13. Chester 4 Roberts (Nathaniel* Lemuel? John*) was born July 18, 

17s;,; married Harriet Wilson, Oct. 12, 180G. Their children 

were : 

i. Harriet. 6 
ii. Orka. 

14. Lemuel 5 Roberts (Lemuel? Lemuel* Lemuel, 2 John 1 ) was born July 

1G, L789 ; died July 28, L825 ; married Betsey Gillett, daughter of 

Oliver and Wealthy (Latimer) Thrall. She was born Nov. 9, 17 A 0, 
died Oct. 20, 1865. Their children were : \\ 

i. Betskv Thrall, 6 b. Oct. 6, 1810; d. March 22, 1858. Sh^ Pyp 
S. Roberts, and had one child that died in infancy ; m p' ^ V. Sept.* 
Bnrnham, June 1, 1837. Their children were : Geor' 19 ' 
26, 1839, d. Oct. 3, 1861 ; Frank Roberts, b. Oct. If d\ ,* 1Q34 

ii. Tryphena Latimer, b. Jan. 27, 1813 ; m. Elihu Lati' ei y u . c1, m' h L n '. 
Their children were: Harriet FAlen, b. 1836 *• Les S r ™« w' 
Susan Cornelia, b. 1838; William Roberts, b. r / 40 ' m> ^ ,° H b 
Lane; Edward A., b. 1844, m. Abbie Mari;^. * 8 ® ? (fS L. ' n *nl 
1848, m. MvraS. Gleason ; Mary Maria Cr^^.^ 1 }^ 1 ^" 
nis Rose ; Alice Elizabeth, b. 1871, m. Luci. J - io P llii ' JameS n y ' 
b. 1854, d. 1869. / __ . _ ^ n n .. o rt 

22. iii. Lemuel Decatur, b. Feb. 21, 1815; m. e!> ia Maria Brown ' UCt * ' 

23. iv. James Monroe, b. April 26, 1817; d. Sjfr. ?, 1874; m. Eliza J. Jen- 

24. v. Letter i™f b! Feb. 5, 1826 ; { Laura P. Cooke (Griswold by 

adoption), Sept. 5, 1854. 

15. Hiram 5 Roberts (Lemuel, 4 Lemuel? Lemuel 2 John 1 ), born Jan. 19, 

1797 ; died in Bloomfield, Ct., Sept. 6, 1845. Lie was one ot the 
most prominent men in his township (Bloomfield, Ct.). in conse 

1888.] Descendants of John Roberts, 247 

quence of his sound judgment and impartial decisions he was uni- 
versally consulted by his townsmen on matters both public and pri- 
vate, being by all highly esteemed and respected. He represented 
his district in the state senate, filled important local offices, and but 
for his modesty and retiring disposition would doubtless have taken 
high position in the political world, for which he was well qualified. 
He was early enrolled among the friends of temperance and anti- 
slavery, and was a willing worker in any cause tending to promote 
human happiness. He married, Nov. 24, 1825, Polly Bidwell. 
Their children were: 

i. Hiram Bidwell, 6 b. Aug. 14, 1826 ; d. Jan. 15, 1831. 

ii. Sarah Ann, b. Oct. 14, 1829 ; d. July 29, 1845. 

iii. Mary Jane, b. Oct. 30, 1831 ; d. Nov. 27, 1S55 ; m. Sept. 8, 1852, 

George Mills. Had a son Hiram, Roberts, b. Oct. 28, 1853. 
iv. George Bidwell, b. Sept. 3, 1833 ; d. Sept. 22, 1834. 
v. Emily, b. Nov. 21, 1836 ; m. Linus T. Fenn. Their children are: John 

D., b. July 13, 1865, and Mary Roberts, b. Nov. 12, 1867. 
vi. Caroline, b. March 11, 1841. 

16. Samuel 5 Roberts {Samuel* Lemuel* Lemuel, 2 John 1 ) was born 

1794 ; died May 14, 1867. He married in 1829, Betsey Bradley. 
Their children, born in Sharon, Ct., were : 

i. Harriet, 6 b. Dec. 11, 1829. 
ii. Hector Wesley, b, Aug. 28, 1831. 
iii. Samuel. 

iv. Henry, b. Jan 20, 1845 ; d. Aug. 28, 1873 ; m. Mary Blackledge, Dec. 
20, 1869. Had daughter Annie Gertrude, b. Dec. 22, 1872. 

17. Dr. Albert Franklin 5 Roberts {Samuel* Lemuel* Lemuel 2 John 1 ) 

was born 1799 ; died 1841 ; married Charlotte Crane. They have 
one daughter : 

i. Charlotte Elethea, 6 b. 1848 ; m. Abram Chamberlain, Nov. 21, 1872. 
Their children are: Albert Roberts, b. Jan. 11, 1874; Harold R.,b. 
Sept. 29, 1879. 

18. Virgil Beduff 5 Roberts (Samuel, 11 Lemuel, 3 Lemuel 2 John 1 ) was 

born in 1805. He married Feb. 4, 1839, Harriott R. Swau, aud 
had children, born in Sharon, Ct. : 

i. Ellen, 6 b. Nov. 12, 1839; d. Feb. 12, 1841. 

25. ii. Cyrus Swan, b. Au£. 23, 1841 ; in. Nannie Duval, Jan. 31, 1870. 

26. iii. Albert Franklin, b. March 27, 1843; m. Minerva Candee, May 28, 1872. 
iv. Caroline Swan, b. May 5, 1845. 

27. v. Charles Sedgwick, b. Sept. 17, 1848 ; m. E. Josepha Smith, Nov. 26, 

vi. James Gould, b. June 24, 1851. 

19. Hezekiaii Chesterfield 5 Roberts (Hezekiah, 4 Lemuel, 3 Lemuel, 3 

John 1 ) was born Oct. 24, 1811. He married Minerva Chamber- 
lain, April 10, 1837. They had: 
i. Trypuena Chamberlain, 6 b. April 9, 1838. 

20. ROSWELL ArocsTus 5 Roberts (Hezekiah, 4 Lemuel,* Lemuel? John 1 ) 

was born Dec. 8, 181-3; married June 18, 1844, Caroline Robinson. 
Their children were : 

i. WILLIAM P., 1 b. April 6, 181', ; -1. Oct. 22, 1858. 

ii. Isabella R., b. March 21, 1846; m. 1872, Lieut. Com. N. II. Brown- 
son, (J. 8. Navy. Their children were : Harriet, b. Feb. 21, 1876 ; 
Roswell R., b. July 19, 1879 ; Carribella, h. Nov. 10, 1884. 

248 Descendants of John Roberts, [July, 

21. Harvey J. 5 Roberts [Erastus* Nathaniel* Lemuel* John 1 ) was bom 

May 25, 1808; married Betsey Smith, May 19, 183(5. Their child- 
dren were : 

i. Martha D., 6 b. Fob. 25, 1837; m. M 0. Morgan, May 19, 1861. 
28. ii. William Harrison, b. Sep! 15, 1^9; in. Came J. Macomber, Doe. 'J(>, 
iii. Kli.kv M., b. Nov. l, 1647; d. March 12, 1877; m. Samuel McAoiiff, 

.May 17. 181 
iv. Lizzik M., 1). Feb 24, 1856; m. Henry innable. 

22. Lemuel De< ltur 1 Roberts L Lemuel,* Lemuel,* Lemuel,* 

John*) was born Feb. 21, 1815; married Oct 30, 1839, Julia Maria 
Brown. Their children we 

i. Ai ' b l-l"> . ! M ireh 15, 1846. 

ii. Ji lia Mabu, b. Jan. 20, 1847; ra. X >v. 15, 1875, Edward C. Meaoham. 

28. James Monroi 3 ; L mel* Lemuel,* Lemuel? 

Jo A iril 26, 1817; died in Bloomfield, Ct., Sept. 7, 

1874; mini 24, 1849, Eliza J. Jenkins. Had one daughter • 

i. Ella Maria, 1 I 9,1852; m. Ma] 15, 1878, Di 1 William 

Wood. 11 

24. I. rBR Augustus' Roberts ' l I >">'L 3 Lemuel* 

- born 1 1 ►, 1826; 1 irri I Laura P. ( G rUwold 

by adopti . Sept 5, 1854. Their children wet 

i. Jiam J m. w illi m II. ill WrlU, April 23, 1884. 

ii. Ji d, b. D 17, 1864. 

25. Ca 1 § rs, U.S.A. (Virgil 1 uel* Lemuel,* 

I. muel* John 1 ) rn 23, 1841. He married Jan. 31, 

1870, Nannie Duval ofl I bey had children: 

1 < :i . I i 18, 1873. 

ii. Sw \n. b. M ij 10, 18 

iii. Lai ra D., b. Ocl 188 

26. Air.' 1:1 Frai Roberts Samuel* Lemuel,* Lemuel* 

John 1 ) was born M \ married Miners 1 I tndee, May 

28, 1-72. They had children : 

i. \ . •. I- b. 7. 181 

ii. Harriet S., b 

iii. Ch lrlks A., b. March 1 5, 1881. 

27. I bar] - dgwick* Roberts ( Virgil B.,* Samuel* Lemuel,* Lemuel? 

John 1 ) was born Sept 17. 1848; married K. Josepha Smith, Nov. 
,1884. II , child : 

i. I.. Jrssir, 7 b. Nov. 1. \- 

William Harrison 6 Roberts {Harvey ././' Eraetut, 4 Nathaniel, 9 
L muel? John 1 ) was born Sept. 15, 1839. He married Carrie J. 
Macom m p, D< c. 20, 1882. Thej had : 

i. An infant daughter, 7 d. August. 1884. 
ii. Mart Elizabeth, b. Jane 24, 1885. 

1888.] Thurston of Newbury, 249 


Communicated by the Hon. Ariel S. Thurston, of Elmira, N. Y. 

1HAVE received a letter from Sir John Bates Thurston touching 
the birth-place in England of Daniel Thurston, who had a grant 
of a "house lott " in Newbury on November 24, 1638. 

Considerable effort has been made in endeavoring to trace the 
birth-place of this Daniel, one of the earliest of the settlers in 
Newbury. In a letter to myself in September, 1858, James Sav- 
age says : " As yet nobody can answer your two points as to the 
'place in England from which your progenitor came, or the ship that 
brought him." 

Joshua Coffin, in 1859, having been requested to give such in- 
formation as he could touching the birth-place of Daniel, and the 
ship in which he came, closes a letter by saying, "I have thus filled 
almost three pages, and have not answered your questions. I wish 
I could do it." 

Two Thurstons by the name of Daniel came to Newbury and set- 
tled there. It must have been between the settlement of Newbury in 
1635 and the grant of the " house lott " in 1638. These two, we have 
reason to believe, were uncle and nephew, as in vol. vm. of the 
Register, on page 274, it is stated in an ancient Newbury docu- 
ment, as a reason for his incompetency to sign some petition, that 
"young Daniel Thurston is under his uncle." The uncle had no 
children, and died in 1666, having made his will in 1665, and given 
all his estate, after the death of his wife Ann, to his "kinsman 
Daniel Thurston." Richard Dole was one of the witnesses to the 
will. Daniel the uncle's " house lott," of which he had a grant, 
was on Newbury Neck over the Parker River, and next door to 
John Poor, whose house, built in 1640, is still standing. 

The letter of Sir John B. Thurston, of Hants, England, takes 
the ground, from Richard Dole's being a witness to Thurston's will, 
and John Poor's being his next-door neighbor, both being from 
Thornbury in Gloucestershire, that Daniel came from Thornbury. 
We give such extracts from Sir John's letter as we have space to 
publish. But it is too long to be inserted at length. 

He says, writing from England, October 10, 1887 : :t Touching 
your Daniel Thurston, neither I nor any of my family entertain a 
doubt that he emigrated from our old home at Thornbury, via Bris- 
tol. ... We have held ' Kington ' for over 500 years ; and it is fam- 
ily history, and part of its religion, that we descend from Turston 
filz Rose le Blanc Bell Crispin Normandy, who carried the standard 
at Hastings, and was under the conqueror tenant in chief of the 
lands where we still live." 
vol. xlii. 23* 

Marriage* of Rev, Thomas TPoxcrofi* [Julv, 

Jn the letter of Sir John, of which we have a copy under date of 
December 4, l sv 7, after statins that lie had been examining the 
records, he Ba] " I still adhere to the opinion already expi 
that Daniel Thurston of Newbury was a Gloucestershire man and a 
collateral member of the Thornbury family. My opinion is founded 
upon the following considerations : 

1. Daniel, or Daniell, was at th" period in qaestioD and later, a family 

2. Dole, his friend, was a Thornbury man. 

Poor, Ins next, neighbor, was, I have the strongest reason to helieve, 
a Thornbury man. 

In examining the ancient Chinch Register of Thornbury, I find 
the names of both Dole and Poore, and it is worthy of note that in 
the beginning and middle of the 17th century, the Poores were a 
family of Thornbury. 

4. Daniel, 'the kinsman,' gave to his son Stephen a ' p r of looms.' — 
(Brown Thurston's history of the family, page 34.) 

Now at the period under notice, Berkley, Thornbury, and other 
spots in their neighborhood, were famous for the cloth made there. 
It was just the part of England from which a person emigrating 
would take f looms.' " 

Sir John, who had just crossed the continent of America, on 
his way to England from the Fiji Islands, of which he is governor, 
thus closes his very beautiful and interesting letter to me, received 
just after my return from England : 

" I am glad you so like this dear old country of ours. During my re- 
cent political visit to Washington and my run over Wilmington, Philadel- 
phia. New York, Saratoga, the Lake-. Boston, ^c. 1 have learned to know 
the reed American men and women. The hospitality and friendship Bhown 
me I can never forget I trust that the real, true native-born American 
will ever dominate in American politics; and that the time will come when, 
one with us in language, and all the higher aspirations of civilization, we 
may keep the peace of the world, or at least so much of it as is possessed 
by English speaking peoples." 


1717 — 1769. 

Tiansrriln'il )>y Kcv. A.NSON tin s, of Ahm'-Ihuv, M 
[Conoluded from p 

May 9, L734. Rev* Seth Storer of Watertown d M 

1 In-ton. 

May 18, . Scipio, i N< ;ro Man of Mrs. Hannah Fairweather, 

& -i.iii. .i Neg. Worn, of Cap 1 Edw. Tyng, both of 


1888.] Marriages of Rev. Thomas Foxcroft. 251 

Nov. 14, 1734. Edward Bulkley & Martha Legg, both of Boston. 

Nov. 14, . Joseph Rice of Marlborough and Jane Corney of 


Nov. 21, . Will" 1 Hickling & Sarah Sale, both of B n. 

Dec. 12, — . Thomas Harris & Elizabeth Gibbins, both of B n. 

Feb. 6, . James Allen & Rebekah Fox, both of B n. 

Feb. 18, . Michael Lowell & Abigail Coney, both of B n. 

Feb. 20, . Richard Kerby & Abigail Chandler, both of B n. 

Feb. 27, 1734-5. Waste Rand & Eliz a One, 1 

Mar. 4, 1734. Ephraim Wheeler & Eliz a Briscoe, 

July 17, 1735. Thomas Valentine & Eliz* Gooch, 

July 24, -. John Dasset & Rebekah Basse, .both of 

Octo, 30, . Eben r Swan & Catharine Adams, ' Boston. 

Nov. 20, . John Parker & Sarah Buttolph, 

Jan. 29, . Eben r Coburn & Rebekah Hill, 

Mar. 11, . Thomas Simpkins & Abiel Curby, 

April 6, 1736. Samuel Marshfield Esq. of Springfield and Elizabeth 

Legg of Boston. 

June 17, 1736. Benf Swett & Judith Allen, ] 

Sept. 9, . John Pressen & Abigail Thorn, [ both of 

Nov. 15, . Isaac Smith & Susanna Deney, | Boston. 

Dec. 2, . John Lee & Hannah Whitney, 

Dec. 27, . Nathaniel Coney of Stoughton & Mary Royal of 


Dec. 27, . John Wass & Eliz a Slaughter, both of Boston. 

Jan. 6, 1736-7. Edward Ewen & Mary Purrington, both of Boston. 

Feb. 17, . Thaddeus Mason of Charlestowu & Rebekah Wil- 

liams of Boston. 

June 16, 1737. Abraham Ingersol & Ann Harwood, both of Boston. 

July 7, Samuel Brown & Hannah Collson, b. of B. 

Aug. 25, . John Hewes & Elizabeth Harris, b. of B. 

Sept. 22, . Samuel Hunt & Catharine Thayer, b. of B. 

Octo. 10, . Nathan Safford & Lydia Stetson, b. of B. 

Octo. 21, . Robert Crillen & Mary Gilbert, b. of B. 

Oct. 21, . George Lewis & Elizabeth Mayo, b. of B. 

Nov. 10, . Michael Geehegin & Mary Perkyns, b. of B. 

Nov. 22, . Rev. Othniel Campbell of Plyinpton, and Deborah 

Torrey of Boston. 

Nov. 25, . Dennius Tyler & Sarah Tampson, b. of B. 

April 4, 1738. Fra 8 Wells, Esq r & Susanna Welch, both of Boston. 

May 9, . David Tilden & Abigail Parrott, b. of B. 

May 12, . Daniel Marsh & Martha Bridge, b. of B. 

Nov. 3, . Charles Harrison & Ann Price, b. of I>. 

Feb. 26, . Jonathan Greenleaf & Mary Cunningham, b. of B. 

Mar. 19, . W m Snowden & Mehitable Stearns, b. of B. 

George Johnson & Dorothy Roulston, b. of Boston, May 3, 1739. 

Richard Abbot & Hannah Thayer, b. of B. May 8, — .'!'.). 

Samuel Chipman of Barnstable & Mary Green of Boston, May 31, — 39. 

Ebenezer Williston, jun r & Elizabeth Fullerton, b. of B. Aug 1 14, — 39. 

Priam Selew & Jane Devereaux ( Davericks) both of Boston, Aug* 23, 

Matthew Blair & Mary Berry, both of Boston, Aug* 23, —-V). 

Nath aa Peabody of Boxford & Sarah Bradford of Boston, Nov. 29, —39. 

M R . ritom" • I ft, '.Iillv, 

1 : i vV • I ■ : , : . | ■ | I I L of B 1 ■' ; . — 

Scott A ] I . r. Feb. 21, 17 

\\ M :.i 17. 17 1 

I tristopher Tild< I S P i. A 1 1. 17 1". 

, li an! sol j, b. o! !». Aug' 5, 1 7 I 
1 ■:'.. is Dillehaj ... I i mi, b. oJ B. Aug' 14, 174 

i; . I. H i w ard of , 171". 

S qui I l'i': idge A U. bek ih Bron Q, I. 

w S i • Hewes, b. ol B. , 1741. 

\\ - f &] M irion, b. of B. \ . 17 11. 

I >mwell I Hull vV I 1711. 

John Carnes A Dorathy Farnnm, b. ol B. s <-|»t. 15, —41. 

I A Lydia Thayer, b. ol B. S< ' >, —41. 

B l. am as & El / Nowell, b. of B. I I 6, —11. 
i >i S • . i . o — Tillj . *.v Flora 

1 Salter, b. of B. Dec 2, —41. 
I ael Klli I A Susanna Eland, b. of B. Mar. 18, 1741—2. 

I lea Demming A Marj Brighton, b. of B. Sept. 7, 17 1l'. 
B Austin A Eliz" Waldo, b. of B. Dec 9, L742. 

Thornton of Watert. A Marj Cusseos of 1>. Dec 11, 17. 
Thomas \l<»- A Lydia Hindes, b. of B. Jan. 6, 1742 
I l liah Cookson A Faith Waldo, b. of B. June 22, 1743. 

Sam" Barret & Mary Shed, b. of 1>. July 28, . 

\\ Evi leu A Freelove Cary, b. of B. Nov. 10, . 

Henry Weston & Mary Crillin, b. of B. Nov. 18, . 

A thony Hill A Sarah" Price, b. of B. March •- , _\ 1743-4. 
James l\>pp A .Martha Akers, b. of B. April '•'>. 17 11. 

Thomas Hoodson A Mary Lee, b. of B. April 19, . 

i luuel Grace A R i Whithead, b. of 1>. Apr. 27, . 

Jam P - Elizabeth Foye, b. of V>. May 10, . 

Thomas Joy & Esther Lindsey, b. of B. A . 

Bristol, a free N< 2 i A Venus, the Wid q Waldo's N pro W Jan. 1 

1744 5. 
Christopher Pal A I atharine Holmes, b. of B. March 7, 1744-5. 

I ver A Mary Wendell, b. of B. \ ._ 2 >, 17 15. 
Edward Halladay & Elizab. Allen, b. of B.Nov. 21, 1745. 
A ii.A Campbell & Susanua Pilsbury, b. of B. Dec 19, 1745. 
William Tayler A Prudence Marion, b. of B. Feb. 17. 1745 
Jou lard *.v Eunice Barber, l». of l'>. Feb. 21, 17 1"». — . 

iph Toplift of Stoughton A E Daniels of Boston, April L3, 17: 
John Doming A M iry Howell, both of Bosl \ '.17 16. 
John Gallej and Jane Smalledge, b. of B. June L2, 1746. 
John Grant of Boston A K >ecca S id of Charleston, June 19, 17; 
Duncan Sinclair A A: es Ma [uestian, b. ol B. lug' 21, 174 
John Voghn A Rebecca Simpson, b. of Boston Octo r 31, 1741 
B auel Austin A M irj Williams, b. of B. N i 27, I i 
l; .. William Vina) ol Newport vv 1. Fisher B \ • . • 

I M irbleh ol B. J i . 5, I i 
John \'.< irs A Rebecca H . 13, 1 . 

1 tnotln N. » i - 1 i 1 1 «.i Chariest. & I lo, of II. An". 18. 17 17. 

Joseph Clark - M ■ i I \ . . i 2 . 1 7 1 7 . 

1 It Sarah Pai ker, both 

M r , 1 1 innah Prj er, l». ol B. I 

1888.] Marriages of Rev. Thomas Foxcroft. 253 

Ebenezer Cobura & Eliz a Wheelwright, b. of B. Dec. 17, 1747. 

William Paine & Mary Lowry, b. of B. Sept. 22, 1748. 

Ebenezer North v & Elizabeth" Mall, b. of B. Octo r 13, 1748. 

Rev. Daniel Rogers, of Exeter & Anna Foxcroft, of B. Nov. 2, 1748. 

Benj :l Allen & Deborah Tennv. b. of B. Dec. 8, 1748. 

[a i Vibird & Mary Bemis, b. of B. Dec. 15, 1748. 

Joseph Russell & Lydia Gerrish, b. of B. Dec. 30, 1748. 

John Edwards & Abigail Webb. b. of B. Feb. 16, 1748-9. 

W" Dockum & Frances Qsburn, b. of B. May 4, 1749. 

Dominiqs Keef'e & Mary Bunns, b. of 1>. Goto. 24, 1749. 

Daniel Eveleth & Sarah Cunningham, b. of B. Nov. 24, 1749. 

John Phillips, jun* & Eliz a Green, both of B. Sep 1 19, 1750. 

Solomon Wise & Ann Hatch, b. of B. Gcto. 1, 1750. 

Joseph Whitcomb & Rebecca Towle, b. of B. Dec r 4, 1750. 

Fan i«k M e Daniel & Mar-' Haves, b. of B. Dec. 13, 1750. 

Peter Newgar & Abigail Rand, b. of B. Jan. 10, 1750-1. 

Joseph Cooke & Eunice Bryant, b. of B. May 28, 1751. 

»Iames Beighton & Rebecca Dasset, b. of B. June 6, 1751. 

William Murray & Rachel Inches, b. of 1>. Nov* 28, 1751. 

Cornelius Thayer & Sarah Tarr, b. of 1>. Jan 17 7, 1752. 

Peter Slater & Abigail Bradford, b. of B. Jan' 7 30, 1752. 

Thomaa Hooton & Sarah Osborn, b. of B. July 80, 1752. 

Zachariah Hicks & Lydia Front, b. of B. Octo r 26, 1752. 

James Pemberton & Hepzibah Bradford, b. of B. Octo. 26, 1752. 

Joseph Gandall & Sarah Torrey, b. of B. Nov. 16, 1752. 

Daniel Bass & Bethiah Bowditch, b. of B. Nov. 23, 1752. 

Francis Warden & Sarah Gooding, b. of B. Dec. 4, 1752. 

Israel El Hog wood & Hannah Perkins, b. of B. Jan ry 23, 1753. 

N lianiel Butt & Sarah Ruggles, b. of B. July 28, 1753. 

Benjamin Clarke & Hannah Harriett, b. of B. Sept. 4, 1753. 

Thomas Boston & Hannah Sucker, b. of B Sept. 13, 1753. 

Dani.l Whitney & Rachel Baker, b. of B. Octo. 29, 1753. 

Samuel Franklin & Eliza' Emmons b. of B. Nov. 1, 1753. 

Samuel Emmons & Rachel Love, b. of B. Nov. 5, 1753. 

Walter HoggA Mary Gray, b. of B. Feb 17 7, 1754. 

Francis Allen & Agnes Hill, b. of B. Auff. 1, 1754. 

Nathaniel-Ray Thomas & Sarah Deering, b. of B. Dec. 3, 1754. 

Jonathan Gardner of Salem & .Mary Avery of B. Jan ry 8, 1755. 

John Winship & Anne Harrison, b. of B. Feb* 7 4, 1755. 

Benj - Barnard & Eliza Bourn, b. of Host Nov. 6, 1755. 

W™ Clougb & Dorcas Kneeland, b. of II. Nov. 20, 1755. 

Thomas ('arne< & Eliz* Weekes, b. of B. Dee. 18, 1755. 

Edu" Hillard & Abigail Scott, b. of B. Jan 1 * 1, 1756. [1756. 

Devonshire Osborne & Susanna Gorson, t'rc(t Negros, b. of B. Jan. 13, 

Job,, M' Ray & Elizab. Lowell, b. of Bost. Feb. 5, 1756. 

Hackman Lambert* Eliz" Moulds, b. of Bost. Feb. 16, — 5b\ 

Job Wheelwright* Abigail Barnard, b. of Bost March 13, - 

Thomaa Croade of Halifax t^ Ruth Parrot, of Bost. April 27, — 56. 

G Sanders & Abigail Bourn, b. of Bost. Apr. 12, — 56. [ — 56. 

Anthony Nocon (al 1 Necdne) & Eliz" Peco (al' Packow), b. of B. May 17, 

Robert Harris & Sarah Daniels, both of Boston, Aug. 5, 1756. 

Alexander Mayers & Abigail Ethridge, both of Boston, Sept. 16, — 56. 

Joseph Hubbard (set 81.) & Elizabeth Adams, both of Bost Dee. 23, 175G. 

Rev. Nehetniah /.' and J hn Haines, ly, 

. M ( I '.. M irch 1 5, 1 7 

■ham [S :. t W ebb, 1». Ol I '>. J 106 28, I 7-"<7. 

I : >v 1 1 \\ Kite, b. of H. S t. 5, 17 

B I ! ■ rod & M S iltonstal, b. ol B. I >• ■■ -. 1. I 757. 
tan & Surah 1 >. of B. D 7. i i 

[There it nothing to indicate in Th that 

the following marriages were ever returned to the town clerk i I Ho 

A. I 
I S . & Susanna Irving, both of Boston, •••. ere ma 

\\ M . raj A Kli/. n Hill, b. of B. ol B let J ■ ■ 27, I' 
.i : l: i . & Marj Wllley, b. of Boat Oct 10, 1758. ' 
Timothy Ryan & Rebecca Nichols, b.of B. Ocl 12, 17 
n thaniel Kneeland and Sarah Hastings, !>. ol B. N . 23, 
John Green & Rebecca Leverett, 1>. of l'>- April 18, 17 
\\ lliam Moor & Sarah Williston, b. L Sept 11. 17 

Benj 1 Homer ^ .Mary Parrot, b. of Bost 1 1 

mIi Morton «\: Abigail Hearsey, b. of B. Dec 27, 17 
Edw d Powers & Bliz" Salmon, b. of Boston, March 17. 17 

ph Callender & Eliz 1 Russell, 1>. of B. Jane 27, 1 7 
Sam'- Sprague of Chariest iV Sarah Eaton ton, July 1. 17' 

John Churchill of Plym°& Hephzibafa Pemberton of B. I 
John-Hunt Wendall & Sarah Tilden, l>. of !>>• June 23, 1761. 
John Jackson & Mary Jones, b. of Bost Sept N . 1761. 
Benj* Gray A Mary Blanchard, b. of Bost Sept 11. 1761. 
John Waldo & Abigail Wells, b. of Bost Sept 17. 1761. 
John Thomas & Mercy Peirce, b. ol B. Dec 1 21, 17 
.M irtin Parkes & Mary Coverly, 1). of B. Nov. 11. 1767. 
Samuel Peakdc Sarah Marsh, b. of r>. Nov. 12, 1767. 


Oonununlca) ' §, Esq., of Galena, 111. 

MR. WALTER HAINESol Parringdon, Berkshire, England, 
has presented me with an ancient volume written by Nehe- 
miali Ik >gers, pastor of Messing, Essex; printed by Gi M 

for Edward Brewster, London, L632. 

It is in three part-, paged separately, 922 pages in all, a quarto 
6 l>\ 8 inch 

The three parts arc expositions on the three parabl 'The lost 
■on 'The losl groat," and 'The lost sheep." 'The 

it " has the folio* in,u" title-p i 

• • Tin ( ; Elovswirs with Her Brooxi lhd Cahdli lit Ex- 


i; . . . , Pastor oi Messing in Essex, 

>f her h iw t/ir 

got v P • 1 • 

1888.] Rev. y~ehemiah Rogers and John Haines. 255 

London. — Printed by George Miller for Edward Brewster, and are to 
be sold at his Shop at the signe of the Bible, at the Great North doore of 
Pauls. 1632." 

It lias the following dedication : 

To The | Very Worthy, | Ivdiciovs and, | Religions Gentleman M r 
JOHN HAINES, | of Old-holt in Essex, Esquire ; Grace and Peace. 


We are not ignorant of Oustomes priuiledge; though neither Law nor 
Conscience favour a mans cause, yet we often see that hee who can Pre- 
scribe, and pleade It is a Custome, carries it. 

It is so familiar a Custome to Dedicate what is written, as that he who 
writ»->. and doth not Dedicate, seenies to goe about to violate Oustomes law, 
which for a Clergie man to vndertake, would be thought foole-hardiness. 

The Reasons of this Custome as I conceive, were especially two : I. To 
procure Countenance to the bookes so Dedicated : 2. To testifie the thanke- 
fullness of the Dedicators to those from whom they have received lauour. — 
And this with me in my Dedications beares greatest sway; I have no other 
way to requite my best deserving friends (besides my prayers) amongst 
whom if I should not number you, from whom I have received so many 
constant testimonies of much respect to me and mine (especially vnto 
my Ministery) I should very much forget my selfe, and iustly might be 
branded with that which I so much detest, Ingratitude. 

Accept therefore I beseech you of what is here presented, I cannot with 
the Earth make a retribution with increase, I desire to imitate the Roche, and 
answer your loud voice with a resounding Echo, and though I speake but 
the last syllable, yet I hope sincerity of affection, shall make supply where 
power is defective. It is much I owe you ; as Hierom spake sometimes to 
his bosome friend, so I to you, tibi Sf quod possum debes, Sf quod non pos- 
sum ; Let this remaine (I beseech you) as a bill of my hand ; I seale it 
before many witnesses, and deliver it to your vse by way of Dedication : so 
farre am I from thinking any part of payment made hereby, as that your 
acceptance shall further oblige me to remaine 

Truely devoted vnto your Worships 

in all affection and service, 

Nehemiah Rogers. 

This John Haines of Old-Holt manor, 1632, was eldest son of 
John Haines of Old Holt, and migrated to New England in 1633, 
and was governor of the Massachusetts and Connecticut colonies. 
Old Holt and several other manors in that vicinity were bequeathed 
to him by bis father in bis will of 20th October, 1G05 (whose death 
Occurred 3 November, 1605). 

Old Holt was the ancestral home of Gov. John, although he bad 
purchased Copford Hall in U521-, which bis son Gen. Hezekiah 
Haines inherited in L657 from his brother Robert, and continued to 
be occupied for three generations by the governor's descendants bear- 
ing the name of Ilavnes, or until L763, when it passed to the Har- 
risons, also descendants, who now (1888) possess it. 

Gov. John, while in England in I'M 7, sold Old-Holt to William 
Tanner of Great Coggeshall. Messing is only a few miles from 
Old-Holt, which is [tartly in Copford parish. 

The old volume has written on the cover : 

256 Some Residents of Boston in 1751. [J ui y> 

" Sarah Wilson her book March 4, 1761." 
The Exposition of " The Lost Sonne " is dedicated 

" To my Right Worthy and Worshipfvll Friends M r Thomas Wood, 
Rector of S. Margrets- Fish-street in London, M r W m Carver, M r Tho 8 
Robinson, M r Tho 8 Andrews, with the rest of the Parishioners, somtimes 
my Christian Auditors : everlasting happinesse — ." 

[A biographical sketch of the Rev. Nehemiah Rogers, B.D., will be found in 
the late Col. Joseph L. Chester's life of John Rogers, The Proto-martyr, pp. 277-9. 
Nehemiah Rogers was 4k the second son and third child of Rev. Vincent Rogers of 
Stratford-Bow, Middlesex, and supposed great-grandson of the Martyr." He was 
baptized in that parish, Oct. 20, 1594. He died at Doddinghurst in Essex, and was 
buried there May 9, 1660. A list of his works is given by Col. Chester. He is the 
ancestor of the present Lord Blachford, to whom when Sir Frederic Rogers, Bart., 
Col. Chester dedicated his volume. — Editor.] 


BOSTON IN 1751. 

Communicated by Dr. William Lee, of "Washington, D. C. 

This list accompanies the account of Mrs. Caleb Eddy as admin- 
istrator to the estate of her late husband. Account rendered Decem- 
ber 27, 1751. Caleb Eddy was a trader in Boston, and was asso- 
ciated with John Rider who was later of Halifax, Nova Scotia. They 
purchased land called the Third Lot, fronting on Orange Street, and 
granted by the town of Boston to William Payne. The purchase was made 
in 1747, for £1600, of the heirs and executors of William Payne, namely: 
John Payne, gentleman ; Mary Sewall, widow ; John Colman, Jr., Distil- 
ler ; Ann Payne, single; Marg* Phillips, widow; Rich d Payne, Brazier ; 
Edw d Payne, merchant; Jane Payne, single; Kenelm Winslow, Jr., Bra- 
zier, and guardian of Mary Payne, infant and only child of Tobias Payne. 

In Mrs. Eddy's account as administrator occur the following: E. Pom- 
roy, Trott, Gredley. Paid Mr. D. Houghton for y e coffin. B. Pratt, 
Esq., for advice about Pemberton's mortgage. R. Auchmuty. Sam 1 Pem- 
berton. John Troulston, grave-digger. Mr. Bird. Mr. Shepard. Rob* 
Lovering, for mending chimney. Liswell, for 1 pr Stays. John Preston, 
work done at house. Sam 1 May. Henry Evans. W m Winter. Rob* 
Pierpont, repairs to house. Holmes Simpson. Dr. Gardner. Fleet & 
Kneeland, advertising. Capt. John Tasker. Mr. Love Marks. Messrs. 
Thomas Speakman. Caleb Jefferson. Stephen Harris. Nathaniel Wales. 
Richard Brackett. David Evans. Isaac Cazneau. Isaac Gridiey. Capt. 
Samuel Henley. Mrs. Hannah Davis. Robert Jenkins. Ebenezer Nor- 
they. John Brewer. Gilbert Warner. Ann Lawrence. Benj. Trotel? 
John Kneeland. Thos. Uram. Dr. Zabdiel Boylston. Thos. Fillebrown's 
estate. John Hooker. John Wendell & Co. Samuel Swift. Dr. Gil- 
lam Taylor. Stephen Whiting. Jas. Hovey. Sam 1 Calef. Thos. Brin- 
ley. Eleaz. Robins. Pelatiah Morse. Edw d Brattle Oliver. Isaac 
Chamberlain. Capt. Clarke of Medway. Benj. Fuller. Mrs. Babbet. 
Mathew Hastings. John Child. Sam 1 Hardcastle. John Cotton. Joshua 
Winslow. John Potter. Judge Cushing. 

The schedule was made by Arthur Savage and William Winter. 

An inventory of the estate, Jan. 1, 1753, made by Nathan Simpson, 
Samuel May and Eliphalet Parker, contains, among other items, 1 old 
negro man named Prince, £6. 13. 

1888.] Thomas Barrett and William Barrett. 257 



By the Hon. Joseph Habtwell Barrett, of Loveland, Ohio. 

nPHE wills of John Barrett, Sr., of Wells, Humphrey Barrett, 
JL Sr., of Concord, and Thomas Barrett, Sr., of Chelmsford, were 
made the same year — those of the last two on the same day, " 1 st 1 st 
mo. l()i)2." Humphrey, who stated his age as ' f about seventy," 
died that year, and Thomas in 1668. Whatever their relationship, 
the three belonged to the same generation. Contemporary with 
them was Mrs. Margaret Huntington ("Baret" by birth*), who 
came to New England in 1633, with three young sons and one 
daughter, her husband having died during the vova£>e hither. Her 
sons, of whom Christopher and Simon settled in Norwich, Ct., and 
Samuel in Newark, N. J., were the ancestors of nearly all who 
have borne the name of Huntington in this country. About 1635 
the widow was married to Thomas Stoughton (uncle of Gov. Wil- 
liam Sroughton) , and they were among the first settlers of Wind- 
sor, Ct. She was from Norwich, England, where her father died 
in 1649. 

Of a younger generation were the brothers William Barrett of 
Cambridge, John of Marlboro', and Thomas of Cambridge and 
Marlboro'. Their sister Lydia (who died s. p. in 1701) was the 
wife of Bartholomew Clieever of Boston, who came from Canterbu- 
ry, England. Of nearly the same age, but of other parentage, 
were James and Robert Barrett of Charlestown,f possibly sons of 
John, Sr., of Wells, who had an "enclosed" tract of land on the 
Agamenticus river as early as 1641. The latter is said J to have 
been a son of Robert Barrett, engaged in the Maine fisheries, which 
had led to settlements on the coast in the vicinity of Winter Harbor 
and Cape Porpoise, "many years" before 1639, under the auspices 
of Walter Barrett and other merchants of Bristol. (See their me- 
morial, flan. 4, 1638—9, in REGISTER, vol. vni., pp. 140-1.) 

Without considering further the probably common English origin 
and near relation-hip of these several lines, it is here proposed to 

* " This family of Hint, Barret, or Barrett, as tin- name is variously spelt, Is of a very 

ancient ami respectable account in this kingdom. The ancestor of it Is recorded in the 

Battle Abbey roll as one of those who came over with William, Duke of Normandy, and 

present at the fatal battle of Hastings in 1066. Hi- des :end on- Bpread themselves ovei 

almost every part of Britain ami Ireland/' — Hasted 1 * History of Kent. 

t Hon. James Barrett, for many years a Judge of the Supreme Conrl of Vermont, is a 
mlant of the first James Barrett of Charlestown -. ami from a daughter of Robert de- 
scended Barrett Eland, maternal grandfather of Rev. Convers Francis, J).])., ami of Mr-. 
Lydia Maria Child. 

X Bradbury's History of Kenncbiinkport. 

VOL. XLII. 2 1 

258 Thomas Barrett and William Barrett. [July, 

note some of the earlier descendants of (I. ) Thomas Barrett of 
Braintree and Chelmsford, and (II.) William Barrett of Cambridge. 


1. Thomas 1 Barrett, made a freeman in 1645, was one of the thirty- 

two residents of Braintree to whom in that year the General Court 
granted ten thousand acres of land in Warwick, which had been 
confiscated by reason of Gorton's "'heresy." Before the proposed 
settlement could be begun, however, the action of the General 
Court was overruled in England, and the lands were restored to the 
original settlers. Among the other petitioners for this grant were 
Henry Adams (ancestor of President John Adams) and four of his 
sons — two of whom, Thomas and Samuel, were some years later 
among the first settlers of Chelmsford, as were also two other of the 
petitioners, Edward Spalding and Arthur Warren. Others of the 
number went to Billerica. Thomas Barrett remained for several 
years in Braintree; bought land there in 1G51 of Michael Saun- 
ders and Francis Elliot ; Mary Barrett, presumably his daughter, 
was married there in 1654, and his son Thomas in 1 GT>5. He re- 
moved later to Chelmsford, where he made his will in 1G62, naming 
his oldest son John, son Thomas, youngest son Joseph, and wife 
Margaret.* Thomas 1 died Oct. 6, 1GG8; Margaret his widow died 
July 8, 1G81. Issue: 

2. i. John. 2 

3. ii. Thomas. 

iii. Mary, ra. Feb. 11, 1654, Shadrach Thayer; had two children that died 
young ; and died April 2, 1057. 

4. iv. Joseph. 

2. John 2 Barrett (Thomas 1 ) married Sarah , prior to his settlement 

at Chelmsford, where he had a grant of land in 1059, and several 
grants or divisions of common lands later. He was a tithingman, 
lieutenant, mill-owner, and a comparatively large proprietor of lands. 
His wife Sarah joined with him in a deed of land to their son-in-law 
Nathaniel Collar, in 1698. They had two sons born before settling at 
Chelmsford, and the births of their youngest children are not found 
on record. Lieut. John" 2 died May 19, 170G. Issue: 

i. John, 3 m. Dec. 18, 1G79, Dorothy Proctor ; had four children ; d. Sept. 
5, 1094. 

5. ii. Jonathan. 

iii. Lydia, b. Sept. 22, 1059; m. April 11, 1678, James Harwood. Descend- 
ants numerous. 

6. iv. Samuel, b. June 16, 1661. 

v. Mary, b. Mar. 13, 1663 ; m. Oct. 10, 1693, Nathaniel Collar of Sudbury, 
vi. Margaret, b. Nov. 10, 1667 ; d. Feb. 1681. 

vii. Joseph, m. Dec. 25, 1696, Abigail ilildreth, daughter of James and 
Margaret (Ward) ; had eight children ; d. April 25, 1742. 
? viii. Sarah, m. Dec. 8, 1696, Ambrose Swallow. 

8. Thomas 2 Barrett [Thomas 1 ) married in Braintree, Sept. 15, 1655, 
Frances Woolderson [Wooderson, Woodson ?], and had (the first 
two in Braintree, the others in Chelmsford) the following children : 

* Humphrey, Sr., in his will, mentions his sons John, Thomas (who died in 1652, leav- 
ing two children) and Humphrey. 

1888.] Thomas Barrett and William Barrett. 259 

i. Martha, 3 b. Sept. 17, 1656; m. July 10. 1676, Henry Sparks. 

ii. Mary, b. April 17, 1058 ; m. Jan. 21, 1686, George Robbins. 

iii. Margaret, b. March 31, 1660; in. Nov. 22, 1681, Kdward Spalding, son 
of Edward. 1 Had four children ; d. May 25, 1748. Among; her de- 
scendants was Hon. E. G. Spalding of Buffalo, N. Y., State Treasurer 
and M C. 

iv. Moses, b. 25, 1662 ; m. Sept. 10, 1684, Anna Smith of Dorchester, 

and had two sons : Moses, 4 Oct. 25, 1685, m. Sarah , and had 

David, 5 Feb. 18, 1710, Hannah, Nov. 2, 1711, Oliver, Nov. 2, 1713. 
and Smith, Jan. 2, 1716— all of whom settled in Woodstock, Ct., or 
vicinity; and Thomas, who m. May 20, 1714, Rachel Burge. and had 
sons James, 5 Moses, Jonas, Amos, Zacheus and Joel, and daughters 
Rachel (who m. Nathaniel Longley), Hannah, and Sarah d. aged 13. 
Thomab 4 remained in Chelmsford, but his sons, except Joel, removed 
to Dunstable or vicinity, in New Hampshire. 

v. Meiiitabel, b. April 12, 1665; in. March 17, 1684, Samuel Gould of 

vi. Anna, Dec. b. 17, 1668 ; m. Jan. 3, 1693, John Swallow. 

His wife Frances died May 27, 1694, and Thomas 2 married Jan. 
22, 1695, Mary Dike of Milton. He deeded his homestead to "soq 
John Swallow," July 6, 1700, wife Mary joining. He died Dec. 8, 

4. Joseph 2 Barrett (Thomas 1 ) married Sept. 17, 1672, Martha Gould 

(born in Braintree Oct. 15, 1654), daughter of Francis and Rose 
( ), and had : 

i. Rebecca, 3 b. July 4. 1673 ; m. Dec. 16, 1696, Walter Powers of Concord. 

ii. Martha, d. July 25, 1678. 

iii. Sarah, m. Dec. 17,1700, George Glazier of Lancaster, son of John and 
Elizabeth (George) of Woburn. 

iv. Hannah, m. in 1703, James Bennett of Groton. 

v. Margaret, b. April 28, 1683; m. in 1703, Ebenezer Robbins. 

vi. Miriam, h. April 29, 1686 ; ra. Whitney. 

vii. Josiah, b. July 2. 1688; ra. Feb. 20, 1709, Mary Dill (daughter of Pe- 
ter) of Concord ; had several children. Removed to Littleton. 
7. viii. Joseph, b. Feb. 24, 1690. 

His wife Martha died May 15, 1698, and Joseph 2 married Mary 

(probably born Proctor), who joins in a deed in 1707. He 

died Oct. 31, 1711. In his will, probated Jan. 2, 1712, his seven 
surviving children are named. Mary, his widow, died Nov. 22, 

5. Jonathan 3 Barrett (John, 2 Thomas 1 ) married Sarah, daughter of 

Isaac and Mary (Stearns) Learned. No record of the marriage is 
found, but in a deed to J. Burge in 1686 (her husband joining) she 
names her parents. She was born in Chelmsford, Oct. 28, 1653. 
Her sister Mary, born in Woburn, Aug. 7, 1647, married Moses 
Barron of Chelmsford; and her sister Hannah, born in W. August 
24, 1649, married Joseph Farwell of C. There is no record of the 
birth of Hannah, presumed to be the oldest child of Jonathan 3 and 
Sarah. His wife died Jan. 11, 1695, and he married 2d, June 26, 
1696, in Woburn, Abigail Weston, who died Oct. 19, 1706. He 
married 3d, about 1708, Abigail (Wilson), widow of Joseph Hil- 
dreth, and by her had one son. She was born in Woburn, Aug. 8, 
1666, daughter of John Wilson and sister of Lieut. John (Jr.) of 
Billerica. By her first husband, who died Jan. 28, 1706,* she was 

* Her account as administratrix of Joseph Hildreth was rendered May 28, 1707; and 
Jonathan Barrett was appointed guardian of her daughter Abigail, May 31, 1708. In a 

260 Thomas Barrett and William Barrett. [July, 

ancestress of Richard Hildreth, the historian. Her sister Dorcas 
married Aaron Cleveland, ancestor of President Grover Cleveland. 
Issue : 

? i. Hannah, 3 m. May 17, 1699, Jonathan Bowers; had eight children, and 
d. Oct. 16, 1765, " a. 86." 
ii. Mary, b. Nov. 20, 1684 ; m. Feb. 7, 1705, John Spalding, son of Dea. 
Andrew. Among their seven children was Rev. Sampson Spalding, 
H. C. 1736, pastor at Tewksbury for 60 years. 

8. iii. Jonathan, b. Oct. 28, 1687. 

iv. Deliverance, b. Feb. 24, 1690. 

v. Experience, b. Jan. 3, 1695 ; d. July 29, 1695. 

vi. Rachel, b. Aug. 9, 1699. 

vii. Bridget, b. April 11, d. Sept. 7, 1702. 

9. viii. Benjamin, b. Feb. 14, 1705. 
10. ix. John, b. Dec. 13, 1709. 

6. Samuel 3 Barrett (John* Thomas 1 ) married Feb. 21, 1683, Sarah 

Buttrick of Concord, who was born July 27, 1662, daughter of Wil- 
liam and Sarah (Bateman), and had: 

i. Sarah, 4 b. March 30, 1685. 

ii. Samuel, b. Nov. 23. 1686. 

iii. William, b. Nov. 21, 1689 ; m. Sarah , and had (the last in West- 
ford, the others in Littleton) : Nathaniel, 6 1717, Samuel, Elizabeth, 
William, Sarah and Benjamin, 1731. Sarah, wife of William, d. 
Jan. 11, 1743. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 10, 1692. 

Sarah, wife of Samuel and mother of William, died in Westford, 
March 28, 1736. 

7. Joseph 3 Barrett (Joseph, 2 Thomas 1 ) married March 24, 1714, Mary 

Taylor of Concord, and had: 

i. Mary, 4 b. Aug. 12, 1715; m. Dec. 22, 1743, Noah Emery. 

ii. Ltdia, b. Sept. 22, 1717; m. Job Spalding, son of John and Mary (Bar- 
rett) ; had eleven children and d. Feb. 5, 1810, " aged 93." 

iii. Martha, b. May 27, 1720 ; m. Dec. 23, 1741, Z. Walker. 

iv. Joseph, b. Jan. 31, 1723; in. Oct. 13, 1743, Sarah Martin, daughter of 
William of Chelmsford, and had (in Brookfield) : Joseph* William, 
John, Sarah, Oliver and Moses. 

v. Nathaniel, b. Dec. 1, 1724: m. Nov. 30, 1748, Martha Wheeler, and 
had: Mary 6 (m. April 15, 1775, Thaddeus Garfield of Lincoln); 

John ; Martha (m. Adams) ; Ruth (m. Thomas Atwood of 

Temple, N. 11.); Nathaniel; Levi; Joseph (father of Hon. Joseph 
Barrett of Canaan, Me.) ; and Sarah (m. Moody Stickney, of New 
Ipswich, N. 11.). 

vi. Oliver, b. Jan. 9, 1727; m. Anna Fiske, daughter of Ebenezer and 
Bethiah (Muzzy), and had : Anna? (m. Capt. Joseph Wilder) 
Molly (m. Stephen Barrett of Winchendon, descendant of Humphrey 
of Concord) ; Ebenezer; Oliver; Joseph of Barre ; Benjamin, and 
Bethiah (m. Phineas Whitney). 

vii. Reuben, b. about 1729; m. June 19, 1750, Sarah Fletcher; settled in 
Mason, N. H., and left descendants. He d. Sept. 19, 1800, " a. 71." 

viii. Sarah, b. Feb. 8, 1731 ; m. Sept. 27, 1755, John Cragin of Acton, later 
of Temple, N. H., deacon, had nine children b. in Acton; d. in Tem- 
ple, May 30, 1771. 

probate record of July 3, 1713, she is styled " the widow of the late Joseph Hildreth of 
Chelmsford (now the wife of Jonathan Barrett of Chelmsford)," and is assigned as her 
share of the former's real estate one-third of the dwelling-house, and other property in- 
cluding "half of the land at Wamesit " (now Lowell); land in "the Adamses medow 
and on the town's commons ;" " Providence medow ;" " a parcel of swamp land near Hart 
Pond," etc. 

1888.] Thomas Barrett and William Barrett. 261 

Among the descendants of Joseph 3 and Mary (Taylor) were Rev. 
Samuel Barrett, D.D., of Boston (II. C. 1820); Rev. B. F. Bar- 
rett (Swedenborgian) of Germantown, Pa. (H. C. 1838) ; Rev. 
Fiske Barrett (U. C. 1842) ; and Mrs. Sarah, wife of Hon. John 
Hubbard, LL.D., U. S. Senator and governor of Maine 1850-53. 

Joseph 3 died Dec. 22, 1812, "a. 91"; and Mary his wife died 
Jan. 18, 1811, "a. 84." 

8. Jonathan 4 Barrett (Jonathan? John, 2 Thomas 1 ) married 1st, Sarah 

, who died May 23, 1716 ; and 2d, Lydia . Issue: 

i. Sarah, 6 b. May 4, 1714 ; m. Isaac Spalding. 

ii. Jonathan, b. May 16, 1716 ; d. young. 

iii. Lydia, b. June 3, 1719; d. Feb. 12, 1737. 

iv. Mary, b. Nov. 10, 1721 ; m. Thomas Stearns. 

v. Hannah, b. June 8, 1724; m. Nov. 24, 1743, Zachariah Shedd. 

vi. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 16, 1727 ; m. July 18, 1745, John Heald. 

vii. Tabitha, b. March 3, 1729. 

viii. Abigail, b. March 4, 1731. 

ix. Rebecca, b. Aug. 5, 1733. 

x. Ebenezer, b. Feb. 14, 1736 ; d. Feb. 23, 1752. 

xi. Lucy, b. Aug. 11, 1738 ; m. March 14, 1758, David Parker. 

Jonathan 4 died Oct. 9, 1773, "a. 86"; his widow Lydia died 
Nov. 16, 1789, "in her 96 th year." In his will, dated Feb. 27, 
1765, he names his wife Lydia and daughters Sarah, wife of Dea. 
Isaac Spalding of Townsend ; Mary, wife of Thomas Stearns of 
Littleton; Hannah, wife of Zachariah Shed of Chelmsford; Eliza- 
beth, wife of John Heald of Acton ; and Lucy, wife of David Par- 
ker of Chelmsford. His other three daughters had probably died 

9. Benjamin 4 Barrett [Jonathan? John? Thomas 1 ) married Elizabeth 

Farmer, daughter of Edward and Mary (Richardson) of Billerica, 
and had: 

i. Elizabeth, 5 b. Nov. 6, 1732. 

ii. Benjamin, b. Nov. 27, 1733 ; m. Nov. 26, 1760, Olive Keyes. 

iii. Ruth, b. Jan. 5, 1735 ; d. March 21, 1745. 

iv. Mary, b. July 25, 1736. 

v. Lydia, b. March 20, 1738. 

vi. Christopher, b. Feb. 6, 1740 ; m. Sept. 6, 1764, Mary Clark, and had : 
Zebulon, 6 Feb. 9, 1766 ; Benjamin, May 27, 1767 ; John, March 4, 
1769 ; Sybil, April 26, 1771 (m. Jeremiah Marsh) ; Ebenezer, July 20, 
1773; Mary, Nov. 17, 1775; William, April 20, 1778; and Samuel, 
May 24, 1780. 

vii. Betty, b. Jan. 26, 1743; m. June 21, 1764, Nathan Crosby. 

Benjamin 4 was in the Louishurg expedition of 1745, and died that 
year. The inventory of his estate was taken Dec. 10, 1745 ; and 
probate records name his wife Elizabeth, his brother John Barrett 
of Chelmsford, and his wife's brother Andrew Farmer of Billerica. 

10. John 4 Barrett (Jonathan, 8 John, 2 Thomas 1 ) married May 24, 1738 
Martha Heald, daughter of Dea. John and Mary (White), of Acton, 
and had : 

i. John, 6 b. Feb. 12, 1740 ; d. Oct. 15, 1756, while in military service at 

or near Lake George. 
ii. Patty, b. Jan. 30, 1741 ; m. Benjamin Spalding (Leonard, 4 Henry, 3 

Andrew, 2 Edward 1 ), who, in 1776, made the first improvements in 

Bucksfield, Me. He d. there Oct. 14, 1811, and she Oct. 4, 1819. 

They had four sons and five daughters. 

VOL. XLII. 24* 

262 Thomas Barrett and William Barrett. [July* 

iii. Sarah, b. Sept. 11, 1742; ra. Jan. 22, 1767, Oliver Parker. 

iv. Rebecca, b. Sept 26, 1744 ; m. Feb. 10, 1773, William Locke of Ash by. 
They settled in Fitzwilliam, N. H., and had two sons and five daugh- 
ters. He d. March 30, 1829, and she d. Dec. 15, 1831, aged over 87. 

v. Jonathan, b. Oct. 27, 1746 ; m. March 28, 1771, Abigail Raymond 
daughter of Edward and Abigail, and had : Jonathan , 6 Jan. 24, 1772 
Abigail, May 24, 1774 (m. Joseph D. Wheelock) ; John, Nov. 5, 1776 

Polly, May 2, 1779 (m. Peabody) ; Anna, July 3, 1781 (m. ■ 

Dexter) ; Edward, May 11, 1784; James, Dec. 30, 1786; Joel, July 
4, 1789. Each of these sons and daughters had issue, of whom there 
are descendants in Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, New 
York, Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois and other states. 
Jonathan 5 early removed from Chelmsford to Ashby, and died there Sept. 
11, 1818. 

vi. Abigail, b. Dec. 29, 1748. 

vii. Simeon, b. Nov. 2, 1750; m. Feb. 15, 1776, Ruth Wright of Westford, 
and had : Ruth, 6 (m. Solomon Bisbee), Joseph, Pattie, Simeon, John, 
Dorcas and Lydia — the last two in Sumner, Me., to which place he 
removed about 1785. He died at the age of about 85. 

viii. Stephen, b. Oct. 1, 1756; m. April 8, 1781, Lucy Kidder of Billerica ; 
resided in that town ; had Stephen, 6 John, Lucy, Sally, Mary (m. 1st, 
John Richards of Boston, 2d, her cousin Jonathan Barrett of Ashby), 
Luanda, Martha and Abigail. He d. Aug. 16, 1811. 

John 4 died March 18, 1772. His will, dated March 14, 1772, 
mentions bis wife Martha and all his above-named children except 



1. William 1 Barrett bought the house and land of William French 
in Cambridge, near the College, June 10, 1656; was selectman in 
1671 and 1681; and served as lieutenant in Philip's war. He mar- 
ried 1st, Aug. 19, 1656, Sarah Champney (daughter of Elder Rich- 
ard), who died Aug. 21, 1661; 2d, May 19, 1662, Mary Barnard 
(daughter of John and Phoebe of Watertown), who died March 28, 
1673; 3d, Oct. 8, 1673, Mary Sparhawk (daughter of Nathaniel 
and Patience), who died the same month ; and 4th, Margaret Bart- 
lett, who survived him. Issue : 

a. Lydia, 2 b. Sept. 17, 1657; m. John Ballantyne of Boston; hadVo/m 3 
(who m. Mary Winthrop) ; Lydia, d. young; William, 1679, and 
Lydia, Oct. 24, 1682 ; and d. soon after the last date. 

ii William, b. Aug. 15, 1659; d. young. 

iii. John, b. Feb. 6, 1661. 

iv. Mary, b. Jan. 11, 1663; ra. William Thwing. 

v. William, b. May 3, 1665; m. Hannah (Jheever, daughter of Daniel; 
had six children ; resided on the homestead of his father, and d. about 

vi. Edward, b. Feb. 8, 1668. 
■2 vii. Samuel, b. Feb. 8, 1670. 

viii. Bartholomew, b. April 6, 1672; d. May 6, same year. 

ix. iMargaret, b. May 4, 1676 ; m. Giles Roberts. 

x. Thomas, b. Jan. 25, 1678. 

xi. Bartholomew, b. April 12, 1681 ; m. July 23, 1706, Rebecca Warland. 

xii. Lydia, b. May 14, 1683; m. Davis of Boston. 

William 1 died March 19, 1689, "aged about 60." His estate 
(Probate Records, 1691) was divided between his widow Margaret 
and his children, John (who had a double portion as the eldest), 
William, Edward, Samuel, Thomas, Margaret (to whom was given 
a *' negro maid servant ") and Lydia, the youngest daughter. Bar- 
tholomew unites with the other heirs in a deed in 1702. 

1888.] Thomas Barrett and William Barrett. 263 

2. Samuel 2 Barrett (William 1 ) married March 12, 1694, Sarah Man- 

ning, and had : 

i. Sarah, 3 m. William Russell. 

ii. Thornton, d. Sept. 15, 1744, leaving several children, including Dea. 

Suinuel, North End, Boston. 
iii. Mary, m. Charles Coffin ; d. July 14, 1753. 
iv. Samuel, b. Dec. 1, 1700; H. C. 1721; minister in Hopkinton nearly 

titty years ; d. Dec. 11, 1772. 
v. Edward, b. 1703; shipwright; m. 1st, a daughter of Peter Leach of 

Boston ; 2d (published Dec. 18, 1737), Martha Skinner of Lynn, 
vi. George, b. July 11, 1705; d. Au£. 17, 1745, leaving three children. 
vii. Lydia, b. May 25, 1706; m. Philip Lewis ; d. Sept. 1773. 

3. viii. John, b. June 12, 1708. 

ix. Mercy, b. May 4, 1713 ; m. 1st, John Skinner ; 2d, Wendell ; and 

d. Sept. 1774, leaving children. 

4. x. Isaiah, b. Jan. 5, 1715. 

xi. Susannah, b. Sept. 5. 1716. 

xii. Diana, b. Nov. 12, 1717. Other children died in infancy. 

Samuel 2 , who was a merchant in Boston, died July 22, 1733, 
leaving a large estate. His widow Sarah died July 29, 1742, a. 67. 

3. John 3 Barrett (Samuel, 2 William 1 ), Deacon; merchant in Boston ; 

married June 3, 1731, Sarah Gerrish, and had : 

i. John, 4 b. April 7, 1732 ; d. Nov. 20, 1746. 
ii. Sarah, b. May 18, 1734 ; d. July 27, same year, 
iii. Samuel, b. Aug. 13, 1735; d. April 9, 1736. 

iv. Sarah, b. Jan. 14, 1737; in. Thomas Fletcher of St. Croix ; d. Feb. 8, 
1772. Their only child d. young. 

5. v. Samuel, b. Jan. 17, 1738. 

vi. Ann, b. March 8, 1740 ; in. Henry Hill (H. C. 1756) ; resided in Boston, 
vii. Susannah, b. Oct. 18, 1741 ; m. Rev. Penuel Bowen ; d. April, 1797. 
viii. Nathaniel, b. March 27, 1743; m. 1st, Mary Hunt; 2d, the widow of 

Gen. McDougal; was the first American Consul at Rouen, France; 

d. Dec. 18, 1793. His children all d. young. 
ix. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 27, 1745; m. William Cunningham, a merchant in 

Boston; d. March 20, 1821. 
x. Mary, b. Oct. 21, 1748 ; m. Benjamin Hammett (H. C. 1766), and d. 

Aug. 30, 1810. 
xi. John, b, Oct. 9, 1750 ; m. Elizabeth Brown ; d. Nov. 15, 1810. 

Dea. John 3 died Sept. 9, 1786. Sarah, his widow, d. Feb. 9, 

4. Isaiah 3 Barrett (Samuel, 2 William 1 ) married 1st, Sept. 13, 1739, 

Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. Joseph and Elizabeth (Savage) Wads- 
worth. She died May 9, 1756, and he married 2d, May 18, 1758, 
Abigail GofF, who died March 3, 1777, aged 60. By his first wife 
he had: 

6. i. Joseph Wadsworth, 4 b. Sept. 19, 1740. 

ii. Isaiah, b. July 27, 1742 ; d. Dec. 26, same year. 

iii. Elizabkte, b. Oct. 14, 1744 ; d. next day. 

iv. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 24, 1747 ; in. Capt. Theodore Bliss of the American 

army; d. May 29, 1783. 
v. Sarah, b. March 13, 1748 ; m. Rev. Joseph Lee of Royalston ; d. Feb. 

15, 1783. 
vi. Abigail, b. March 16, 1750 ; m. an English officer named Spillard, and 

lived in Boston. 
vii. Mary, b. May 13, 1752; m. Samuel Bartlett of Concord — later Register 

of Deeds at Cambridge. 
viii. Samuel, b. March 4, 1754 ; d. Nov. 18, 1756. 

By his second wife he had two children that died in infancy. 
Isaiah 3 removed in 1758 to Concord, where he died Oct. 27, 1780. 

264 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. [July, 

5. Samuel 4 Barrett (John, 3 Samuel, 2 William 1 ), H. C. 1757 ; married 
1st, Mary Clark, sister of a British Commissary General and of the 
wife of Copley the artist (whose son became Lord Lyndhurst) ; and 
2d, Elizabeth Salisbury of Boston. By the former he had one child, 
and by the latter nine children, viz. : 

i. Sarah, 6 m. Hon. Samuel Cabot of Boston, and had sons — Samuel, 6 Ste- 
phen, Joseph, Richard Clark, Edward, and Charles Stanton ; and sev- 
en daughters, among whom were Eliza, who m. Charles Follen, 
LL.D. ; Sarah, first wife of Rev. Francis Parkman, and Mary Ann, 
who m. her cousin Frederick Cabot. 
ii. Martha Sanders, b. 1772; m. Feb. 13, 1794, Samuel Sumner (Benja- 
min, 6 Benjamin, 4 Clement, 3 William, 2 William 1 ), and d. Dec. 10, 
iii. Ann, b. Jan. 4, 1774; m. in 1792, Isaac Green, M.D. (son of Thomas of 
Lexington), who settled in practice at Windsor, Vt. They had : Sam- 
uel-Barrett, 6 Dec. 1792, d. Feb. 9, 1793; Elizabeth S., d. young; 
Charlotte Eloisa, May 17, 1796, m. Aug. 4, 1818, Robert Temple, 
Esq., of Rutland, Vt., and had a daughter Charlotte 7 b. 1820, who m. 
1843, Sir John Rose, Q. C, of London, England; George- Barrett, 
April 14, 1798, physician in Windsor, Vt. ; Harriet Sophia, d. y. ; 
Charles Gust avus, Sept. 1, 1803, m. Susan Bigelow 1831; Caroline- 
Frances, Sept. 21, 1811, m. July 1, 1832, Hon. Moses M. Strong of 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

iv. Elizabeth. viii. Susan. 

v. Joseph Trumbull. ix. Lucy. 

vi. Margaret. x. John. 

vii. Samuel. 

G. Joseph Wadsworth 4 Barrett (Isaiah, 3 Samuel, 2 William 1 ) mar- 
ried Ruth Smallidge of Boston, and had : 

i. Samuel Smallidge, 6 b. 1703 ; d. 1704. 

ii. Joskph Wadsworth, b. 1708; d. in the West Indies, leaving a daugh- 
ter Sally S. , 6 who m. John Prentice of Providence, R. I. 

iii. Samuel Smallidge, 1770 ; d. in 1789. 

iv. Elizabeth Wadsworth, b. 1772; m. Goldthwaite of Maiden; d. 

in 1847. 

v. William Smallidge, b. 1777 ; m. Hannah Cardwell, and had two child- 
ren, William 6 and Hannah. 

vi. Isaiah, b. 1779 ; d. young. 

vii. Jeremiah S., b. 1781 ; m. June 27, 1821, Betsey Prentice ; res. in Provi- 
dence, R. I. 

viii. Mary, b. 1783 ; m. Capt. John Doak ; res. in Newton. 

ix. Richard, b. 1785 ; d. young. 

Theodore Bliss, b. 1788 ; m. a sister of Commodore Downs ; had seve- 
ral children ; resided in Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Joseph- Wads worth 4 died Oct. 1, 1794, in his 55 th year. 




By Frank E. Randall, Esq., of New York City. 

[Continued from page 159.] 

156. Emma, dau. of J. F. and M. Farnsworth d. 28 Feb. 1857 se. 2 

yrs. 7 mos. 

157. Charles Foot d. 15 Aug. 1795 se. 72. 

158. Jerusha, wife of Charles Foot, d. 10 Apr. 1789 in 50th. yr. 

1888.] Inscriptio7is in Colchester Burying -Ground. 265 

159. Jeremiah Foote d. 15 May, 1784 in 59th. yr. 

160. Mrs. Rheuhama, wife of Jeremiah Foote, d. 8 Feb. 1809 in 82d. yr. 

161. Hosea Foote d. 21 Sep. 1807 in 79th. yr. 

162. Eunice, consort of Hosea Foote, d. 3 May 1780 in 52d. yr. 

163. Mary, dau. of Daniel and Marg r Foot, d. 14 Dec. 1751 (or 1721, 

prob. the former) ae. 2 yrs. 6 mo. 1 day. 

164. Ambrose Foote d. 3 Apr. 1836 ae. 85. 

165. Joseph Foote, d. 29 Jan. 1834 ae. 79. 

166. Lois, d. of Joseph and Betsey Foote, d. 30 Jan. 1816 in 31st yr. 

167. Joseph Foote, Jun., d. 10 Jan. 1814 in 37th. yr. 

168. Stephen Foot d. 11 Sep. 1798 in 43rd. yr. 

169. Esther, wife of Stephen Foote, d. 30 Mch. 1842 ae. 84. 

170. Uzziel Foote, d. 1 Mch. 1829, ae. 72. 

171. Anna Foote d. 26 Feb. 1833 ae. 68. 

172. Jerusha, wife of Jeremiah Foote, d. 6 Aug. 1825 ae. 53. 

173. Sally, wife of Hosea Foote, d. 20 Jan. 1817 ae. 49. 

174. Stephen Foote d. 28 Mch. 1848 ae. 68. 

175. Clarissa, wife of Stephen Foote, d. 11 Nov. 1844 ae. 63. 

176. Justin Foote d. 23 Dec. 1853 ae. 67. 

177. Hosea Foote d. 6 May 1846 ae. 48. 

178. Olive A. Foote d. 2 Oct. 1845 ae. 42. 

179. Edward Young, son of Mr. Salmon and Mrs. Margaret Foote, d. 8 

Feb. 1819, as. 14 mos. 

180. Erastus, s. of Erastus and Betsey Foote, d. 28 Apr. 1834 ae. 2 yr. 

4 m. 

Joseph Foot m. 12 Dec. 1719 Ann Clother and had recorded at Colchester, 

1. Ambross, b. 3 Apr. 1723. 

2. Jeremiah, b. 11 Oct. 1725. (No. 159.) 

Joseph Foot the father was born 28 Dec. 1690, and was son of Nathaniel and Mar- 
garet (Bliss) Foot of Wethersfieid. All his brothers settled in Colchester. 

181. Nancy L. dau. of Asahel and Nancy Fuller, d. 24 Jan. 1830 ae. 3 

yr. 6 mos. 

182. Edwin A. Fuller, s. of Asahel and Nancy Fuller, d. 17 Mch. 1851 

33. 22. 

183. Rev. A. M. Gilbert of Bell Port, L. I. a native of Peterborough, 

N. Y. d. 9 Sep. 1837 ae. 36. 

184. Jonathan Gillet d. 3 Jan. 1755 in (buried). 

185. Sarah Gillet, wife of Jonathan Gillet, d. 4 July 1759 in 65th yr. 

186. Joseph Gillet d. 4 Dec. 1814 in 90th. yr. 

187. Mrs. Abigail, wife of Joseph Gillet, d. 14 May 1822 ae. 85. 

188. Abigail, d. of Joseph and Abigail Gillet, d. 10 Nov. 1835 ae. 75- 

189. To the children of Joseph and Abigail Gillet • 

Ezra (1. 15 Sep. 1769 ae. 23 d. 

A son died 22 Aug. 1761 ae. 2 days. 

190. Ezra, s. of Joseph and Abigail Gillet, d. 16 Jan. 1792 in 20th yr. 

191. Miss Seviah Gillet, d. of Joseph and Abigail Gillet, d. 6 May 1814 

in 38th. yr. " When this you see, remember me." 

192. Mr. Nehemiah Gillet d. 25 Aug. 1814 in 87th. yr. 

193. Aaron Gillet d. 14 June 1786 in 54th. yr. 

194. Anne, wife of Aaron Gillet, d. 22 Jan. 1827 in 88th. yr. 

195. Juhannah, d. of Aaron and Anna Gillet, d. 24 Apr. 1765 in 9th. yr. 

196. Aaron, son of Aaron and Anna Gillet, d. 17 Aug. 1758 ae. 7 mos. 

15 d. 

266 Inscriptions in Colchester Burying- Ground. [July, 

197. Hannah, d. of Aaron and Hannah Gillet, d. 23 Mch. 1773, as. 9. 

198. Mr. Elipbalet Gillet d. 2 May 1790 in 57th. yr. 

199. Mrs. Lydia Gillet, relict of Eliphalet Gillet, d. 10 Dec. 1804 in 

64th. yr. 

200. Betsey, dau. of Eliphalet and Lydia Gillet, d. 30 Nov. 1S07, in 

27th. yr. 

201. Joseph Gillet d. 29 Apr. 1838 as. 80. 

202. Sarah, wife of Joseph Gillet, d. 25 Feb. 1850 as. 87. 

203. Mary Gillet d. 17 Sep. 1832 as. 71. 

204. Widow Sarah Gillet of Lime d. 28 Nov. 1840 se. 78. 

205. Caleb Gillet, d. 14 Apr. 1830 as. 67. 

206. Civil Gillet, relict of Caleb Gillet, d. 20 Jan. 1841 as. 76. 

207. Lucv Gillet d. 21 Dec. 1846 as. 82. 

208. Eli Gillet d. 11 Dec. 1846 se. 79. 

209. Phebe, wife of Eli Gillet, d. 24 Mch. 1859 as. 86. 

210. Dea. Samuel Gillet d. 1 June 1855 as. 88. [yr. 

211. Mrs. Esther, wife of Dea. Samuel Gillette, d. 2 Aug. 1844 in 59th. 

212. Samuel N. son of Samuel and Esther Gillet d. 28 Oct. 1825 as. 15. 

213. Caroline, d. of Dea. Samuel and Esther Gillet, d. 17 Oct. 1825 

as. 14. 

214. Laura E. dau. of Dea. Samuel and Esther Gillet d. 18 Feb. 1842 

as. 23. 

215. Caroline E. dau. of Dea. Samuel and Esther Gillet, d. 22 June 1842 

£6. 17. 

216. Samuel Gillet 2d. d. 9 Aug. 1842 as. 63. 

217. Capt. Jonathan Gillet d. 22 May 1820 in 53rd. yr. 

218. Betsev Gillet of Jonathan Gillet d. 12 Mch. 1810 in 33rd. yr. 

219. Mary Kellogg d. of Jonathan and Betsey Gillet d. 11 Mch. 1809 in 

6th yr. 

220. Abigail Rogers dau. of Jonathan and Betsey Gillet d. 15 Jan. 1809 

a?. 6 mos. 

221. Esther, consort of Alvan Gillet, d. 9 Oct. 1822 as. 42. 

222. Harriet, dau. of Alvan and Esther Gillet, d. 10 Feb. 1822 se. 15. 

223. Patience Gillett d. 27 Feb. 1840 as. 52. 

224. Laura Gillet d. 14 Sep. 1839 as. 44. 

225. Harvey Gillet d. 13 Oct. 1852 as. 50. 

226. Inf. dau. of Solomon and Martha Gillet d. 29 Jan. 1806 as. 12 hours. 

227. Elizabeth K. dau. of Solomon E. and Mary J. Gillet d. 10 Oct. 

1829 as. 3 yrs. 

228. William S. Gillet d. 30 Aug. 1862 as. 49. 

229. Try on Edwards, only child of William S. and Mary E. Gillette, d. 

4 Jan. 1851 as. 13 m. 22 d. 

230. Betsey, d. of Jonathan and Huldah Gillet, d. 21 Nov. 1821 as. 7. 

Jonathan Gillet (No. 184), m. 3 Jan. 1717 Sarah Eley (No. 185) and had record- 
ed at Colchester, 

1. Sarah b. 1 Jan. 1718. 

2. Jonathan b. 22 Mch. 1720. 

3. Mary b. 13 Dee. 1723. 

4. Joseph b. 30 Dec. 1725 (No. 186). 

5. Nehemiah b. 1 March 1727-8. (No. 192). 

6. Jonah b. 10 Apr. 1730; d. 10 April, 1731. 

7. Aaron b. 23 May 1732. (No. 193) . 

8. Mary b. 23 May 1734. 

1888.] Rev. John Allin of Dedham. 267 

Samuel Gillet m. Sarah Chnppell 30 Jan 1718-19, and had recorded at Colchester, 

1. Samuel b. 20 Apr. 1719. 

2. Israel b. 10 Feb. 1721-2. 

3. Adonijah b. 30 May 1724. 

4. Liphalet b.' 1 Nov. 1726 d. 22 Aug. 1728. 

5. Mary b. 11 April 1729. 

6. Kut!) b. 17 Dec. 1731. 

By wife Abigail (daughter of Ebenezer and Mabel (Butler) Kellogg, b. 25 June 


7. Eliphaletb. 29 Apr. 1734. (No. 198). 

231. Mr. Benjamin Graves, consort to Mrs. Mary Graves, d. 30 Dec. 

1752 in 76th. yr. 

232. Charles Graves d. 31 May 1857 in 69th. yr. [yr. 

233. Sarah Jane d. of Chas. and Sally Graves, d. 15 Sept. 1850 in 16th. 

The will of Benjamin Graves (No. 231), of Colchester, dated 11 Dec. 1752, proved 
5 May 1753, mentions wife Mary, sons Benjamin and Peter, daus. Deborah and 
Abigail, Benjamin Daniels, Jedediah Daniels, Jonathan Daniels, Ruth Daniels, 
Mary Daniels, James Haines, Elizabeth liungerford and Mary llungerford. 

234. Walter Gustin d. 17 May 1824 se. 75. Anna his wife d. 26 Jan. 

1849 <e. 90. 

235. Mary Gustin d. 3 Mch. 1849 ee. 52. 

[To be continued.] 


By Prof. William F. Allen, of Madison, Wis. 

Second Paper. 

IX the Register for January, 1887, I gave the results of some 
recent investigations into the early life of Rev. John Allin, of 
Dedham. The data would not allow any positive conclusions, ex- 
cept as to his marriage in Wrentham (Suffolk), October 10, 1622, 
and the baptism of his eldest son John at the same place, October 
13, 1(>23, while he was himself a resident of Denton. The ascer- 
tained facts, however, pointed to his having been probably born at 
Colby (Norfolk) and settled as a clergyman at the church of St. 
Mary Key, Ipswich (Suffolk), in 1020. Since the publication of 
my paper some of the descendants of James Allen of Med field (cou- 
sin of John Allin), with the cooperation of the Dedham Historical 
Society, have pursued the investigation further through the agency 
of an experienced English genealogist and antiquarian, and have 
reached a tolerably sure conclusion through his researches. The 
results are as follows : 

I. Negatively. John Allin of Dedham was certainly not the Ip- 
swich clergyman. This is proved by the following considerations : 

1. Rev. John Allen of Ipswich was ordained by Thomas, Bishop of Pe- 
terborough, Sept. 21. 1618. Now the rules of the English Church do not 
permit ordination before the age of 21; but John Allin, who, according 

to Mather's Magnalia, was born in lo'JG, cannot have been more than 22 
at this date. 

268 Rev. John Allin of Dedham. [July? 

2. The parish register of Wrentham, for Oct. 13, 1623, mentions him as 
" Mr. John Allen of Denton." Now if he was residing at Denton he could 
not have been in charge of a church in Ipswich. 

3. The hand-writing of the Ipswich clergyman bears no resemblance to 
that of our Dedham minister. 

To these conclusions of the English antiquarian, it may be added 
that the evidence seems to show that Mr. Allin was never ordained 
in England. This is stated positively in Worthington's History of 
Dedham (p. 48), and is confirmed by the account given of the 
formation of the church in Dedham, in Chap. IX. of the same 
work. From this it appears that Mr. Allin was one of the original 
members of the church, but was not selected as pastor or teacher 
until " after nearly two years trial of the gifts and graces of each 
person in the church " (p. 101). He was then ordained in accord- 
ance with pure congregational principles ; the ruling elder, " John 
Hunting, with the two brethren, laid hands on his head and pro- 
nounced the words of ordination." Mr. Worthington pertinently 
asks (p. 104) : "If he had been ordained in England, would he 
not, as Mr. Wilson of Charlestown and other ordained ministers, 
on their second ordination or installation here have done, either pro- 
tested that the first ordination was not valid, or proclaimed that it 
was so?" His friend, Rev. John Phillip, whom the Dedham peo- 
ple had wished for their pastor, is known to have been the rector of 
Wrentham, of which parish he had been deprived in 1638, and to 
which he returned in 1641. If Mr. Allin had had a similar Eng- 
lish experience, it is probable that it would have been mentioned. 

II. Affirmatively. The identity of our John Allin with John 
Allin, son of Reginald Allin of Colby, matriculated at Caius College, 
Cambridge, in 1612, and admitted to the master's degree in 1619, 
seems to be established by the hand-w r riting, which is almost identi- 
cal — a remarkable similarity, considering that the one was at the 
age of about twenty, and the other of fifty or sixty. 

John Allin of Colby was baptized May 22, 1597, which seems 
inconsistent witli Mather's statement that he was born in 1596 ; for 
baptism at this time was regularly administered very soon after birth. 
Also the Caius College register places his matriculation at April 27, 
1612, at the age of 16. It should be noted, however, that at this 
period the year began March 25, so that the error, if there is any, 
is very slight. If he was born, say March 24, 1597 (by our reck- 
oning), it would still have been 1596 by the reckoning of that time ; 
so that Cotton Mather's statement would have been correct, as also 
the admission to Caius College, April 21, 1612, in his sixteenth 
year. But there may really have been some inaccuracy. To illus- 
trate the uncertainty of records at this period, in the matter of dates, 
our correspondent refers to the case of one Henry Scarburgh, who 
was admitted to Caius College Nov. 9, 1581, aged seventeen, and 
who "dyed-the 24 th day of August, 1617, Aged 5Q years." 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 269 

To sum up the argument : 

1. The Wrentbam record [Mr. John Allen] shows that be was a Master 
of Arts. 

2. An East Anglian and a Puritan, be would probably have studied at 
Cambridge, and in Caius College. 

3. The registers of Cambridge University show no other John Allen 
whose age corresponds at all. 

4. In the case of John Allin of Colby, the age corresponds very nearly 
(perhaps exactly), and the hand-writing is almost identical. 

5. Reginald Allin of Colby was a wealthy man, having land in seven 
parishes and in two counties. John Allin of Dedham, with a small income 
and no regular salary, was the largest laud-owner but one in the town. 

A theory advanced in my former paper as to the Danish origin of 
the family, is a good illustration of the danger of drawing inferences 
from incomplete data. I spoke of the affix by showing Colby to be 
a Danish settlement, and of the fact that Allen is a Danish name, a 
distinguished Danish historian bein£ C. F. Allen. Since that time 
I have ascertained from the United States minister in Copenhagen, 
Hon. R. B. Anderson, that C. F. Allen was the son of an English- 
man, and that the name Allen does not now occur in Denmark. It 
was, however, in the form Alin, current in the Middle Ages, and 
at the present day the name Allin is common in Sweden. 


By Henry F. Waters, A.M., now residing in London, Eng. 
[Continued from page 185.] 

WILLIAM Ames of Wrentham, in the County of Suffolk, Preacher of 
the Gospel, 27 September 1683, proved 8 August 1689. To Robert 
Smith, my son-in-law, my houses and lands in Needbam, in the County of 
Norfolk, for life; then to my grandchild Ames Smith: for want of lawful 
issue to the said Ames Smith, then to my cousin Samuel Angier, pastor of 
the Church of Christ at Rehoboth in New England, and to his heirs. To 
Mary Rix, my niece, twenty pounds. To my sister, the wife of M r Tho- 
mas Wales the elder, my brother in law, of Needham aforesaid ; he to be 
my executor. The rest of my goods to said grandchild, Ames Smith, when 
twenty one years of age. If he die without issue, then fifty pounds to my 
Cousin M r Thomas Wales the younger, fifty pounds to my cousin M r John 
W r ales (money) to my brother in law M r Symon Rix and to the children of 
my late brother .John Rix. Remainder then to my cousin Samuel Angier, 
►r of the church of Rehoboth in New England, and to Ruth the wife 
of M r Samuel! Cheevers of Marblehead in New England. 

Consistory Court, Norwich, 1689-00. 

[For the above abstract we are indebted to tlie kind though tfulnesH of our cor- 
responding member, Joseph J. Muskett, £fcq.,now of Knysna, C;ipe ol Good Uope. 

The following pedigree of this Ames family has been compiled chiefly 
from the History of Congregationalism in Norfolk and Suffolk, by John. 
Browne, B.A., London, 1877, pp. 66-71 and 422-9. 
vol. xlii. 25 


Genealogical Gleanings in England. 


William Ames = Joan, dau. of 


merchant adventurer 
Died during minority 
of son William. 

Died during minority of son William. 

Elizabeth, wife of 

John Phillip, 

Rector of Wren- 

tham, m. there 

6 Jan. 1611-12. 

He d. 2 Sept. 1660, 

aged about 78 yrs. 

Joan Fletcher 
Second wife, 
embarked for 
America 1637, 
then aged 50. 

Buried at Cam. 

Ms. Dec. 1644. 

= Wm. Ames, b. at Norwich, 1576. = First w. a dau. 

Fellow of Christ Coll. Camb. 
minist. of Engl. Ch. at the Ha.srue. 
Prof, of Divinity at Franeker 1622. 
Attended Synod of Dort. Minister 
of Engl. Con«. Ch. at Rotterdam. 
Died there 14 Nov. 1633, aged 57 
years, and there buried. 

ot nis prede- 
cessor at the 

Ruth Ames, Susan or Susanna, =William Ames, A.M. =Elizabeth Wales 

a. 18 in 1637, first wife. Bur. 

m. to Edm. at W rent ham 6 

Angier of Jan. 1651-2. 

H. C. 1645, ret. to 
England 1646, d. 21 
July, 1689, a. 65 yrs. 
Bur. at Wrentham. 

m. 26 Jan. 1652 
-3, d. 19 Feb. 
1682-3. Bur. 
at Wrentham. 

John Am«», 
bur. at Wren- 

Elizabeth, = Robert Smith, 
m. 6 Nov. 1672. ejected from Blith- 
Buried at borough. Bur. at 

Wrentham 28 Wrentham 24 August, 
July, 1679. 1705. 

Ruth and Philip. 
Died young. 

Mr. John Phillip, who married the sister of Dr. Ames, obtained the living of 
Wrentham in 1609, was of Dedham, New England, in 1638, and went home in the 
autumn of 1641, and was one of the Assembly of Divines at Westminster. He 
received his decree of A.B. at Catharine Hall, Cambridge, 1596, of A.M. in 1600, 
and of B.D. at Clare Hall, 1608. His wife Elizabeth was buried 22 January, 1659. 

The widow Joane Ames came to New England, bringing her three children, Ruth, 
William and John, from Great Yarmouth, in the ship Mary Ann, William Goose, 
master, in company with a great many, chiefly from Norfolk and the borders of 
Suffolk, many of whom, including the master of the vessel, took up their abode in 
Salem and its neighborhood, or at least applied for admission as dwellers in that 
town. Mrs. Ames evidently first intended to make Salem her home in the New 
World, but finally took up her abode in Cambridge, where she was buried 23 
December, 1644. The General Court granted her forty pounds, 15 November, 1637, 
referring to her as " the widow of Dr. Ames of famous memory." Her son William 
was a graduate of Harvard College in the class of 1645, and for an account of his 
life and works the reader is referred to the first volume of Sibley's Harvard Gradu- 
ates, Savage's Gen. Diet, and the History of Congregationalism in Norfolk and 
Suffolk, above referred to. The following inscription from his gravestone in Wren- 
tham churchyard, is copied from the last named book : 

IN . WRENTHAM . WHO . DEPARTED . THIS . LIFE . ON . JULY . 21, . 89, . AND . IN . 
THE . 66 . YEARE . OF . HIS . AGE. 

The following entries from the Town Records of Salem seem to refer to this 
family : 

" The xxxi th day of the 10 th moneth 1638. At a generall towne meetinge. 

Agreed and voted that there should be a Village graunted to M r Phillips & his 

company uppon such conditions as the 7 men appointed for the towne affaires should 
agree on." 

" At a meeting the 21 th of the 11 th moneth (1639) *Granted to Hugh Stacy, 

John Thurston, Tho. West & w[idowJ Payne 20 acres of land apeece. Granted to 
Austen Kilham, Nicholas Pacy, Philemon D[ickerson], and Joseph Yongs30 Acres of 
land apeece. Granted to Henry Chickering & John Yongs 50 acresof [land J apeece. 
Granted to M ris Ames 40 acres of land. Granted to William Browne, Shopkeeper, 
80 acres of l[andj. Granted to M r Phillips to be an Inhabitant & to have 80 acres 
of land. Provided y* these 6 last grants from this m r ke * is w th the condicion that 
they continew in the Plantation to use the same." 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 271 

In that most valuable List (in the handwriting of Roger Conant) showing the 
allotment of marsh and meadow land, made in accordance with a vote passed at 
town meeting 25th of the 10th month, 1637. which gives us the number of persona 
in each family, M ris Amies is credited with 6 persons. — H. F. Waters. 

The Rev. Samuel Cheever, the first settled minister of Marblehead, Mass., and 
eldest son of Ezekiel Cheever, the master of the Boston Latin School, was graduated 
at Harvard College in 1659. He m. June 28, 1671, Ruth Angier, daughter of Ed- 
mund and Ruth (Ames) Angier, of Cambridge, Mass. His son, the Rev. Ames 
Cheever (Harv. Coll. 1707), was the first settled minister of Manchester, Mass. 

For a further account of the Rev. Samuel Cheever, the Rev. Ames Cheever, and 
the Rev. William Ames, D.D., see the Register for April, 1879 (xxxiii. pp. 193— 
198.— John T. Hassam.] 

Robert Smith of Wrentham in the county of Sufif: gent: 27 De- 
cember, 2d Anne, 1703, proved at Beccles 15 September 1705. To wife 
Sarah the sum of fifteen pounds of lawful English money to buy her a 
piece of plate. To John Lincolne and Sarah Badeley my son and daugh- 
ter in law twenty shillings apiece, to buy each of them a ring. To my sis- 
ter Smith now or late of Yoxford & to Margaret Fynn my niece, her daugh- 
ter, twenty shillings apiece to buy each of them a ring. To Tabitha Al- 
dred, my late servant, forty shillings. To Margaret Dennington, the wife 
of P^dmund Dennington, three pounds. 

Item I give and bequeath unto Ames Smith my son and his heirs all my 
messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments whatsoever, both freehold 
and ccpyhold, situate, lying and being in Yoxford &c, and all that my mes- 
suage or tenement &c. in Beccles which I late had and purchased of Mary 
Blomfield, widow, and Augustine Blomfield ; also all my copyhold mes- 
sauge or tenement, shop, stalls &c. in the new Market Place in Beccles. 
All the residue &c. to the said Ames Smith, whom I constitute executor. 
Ipswich Wills, Archd. of Sufif. B. Yallop (1705-9) L. 41. 

Sarah Smith of Wrentham, widow, 30 October 1705, proved 1 No- 
vember 1706. To John Lincolne, my son, and his heirs all my lands lying 
in Walingham, he to pay unto Sarah Badeley my daughter, within one 
year after my decease, the full and entire sum of one hundred pounds at 
the south porch of the parish church of Wrentham. If she depart this 
life before the said sum shall become due and payable I give and bequeath 
it unto my grandchildren John Badeley, Sarah Badeley and Lydia Bade- 
ley &c. Son John Lincolne to be executor. 

Ipswich Wills, Archd. of Sufif. B. Yallop (1705-9) L. 82. 

[Robert Smith, the testator, was the incumbent of the living of Blithborough in 
Suffolk, from which he was ejected under the Act of Uniformity. Blithborough 
is about six miles distant from Wrentham. Mr. Smith, as will be seen in the pre- 
ceding pedigree of Ames, married in 1672, Elizabeth, daughter of William Ames, 
11. C. 1645. She died in July, 1679. His last wife Sarah seems to have been a 
widow Lincoln. An abstract of her will is found above. In 1672 Mr. Smith was a 
" minister of the gospel in Wrentham." Rev. Mr. Browne says : " His ministra- 
tions were not confined to Wrentham, for in the License Book 1672, we fin 1 that 
Robert Smith, M.A., was a ' Congregational Teacher at the house of Joseph Gilder, 
yeoman, of Westleton.' " — Conyregal.ionalism in Norfolk and Svffolk. p. 428. 

Mr. Smith had by his first wife two children who survived her, Elizabeth and 
Ames. Elizabeth seems to have been dead when her father made his will. Ames 
Smith resided at Denton. He had a son Ames whose daughter Sarah (the sixth in 
descent from Dr. William Ames) married Rev. Thomas Booking, who was minister 
at Denton from Julv 27, 1757, till his death, April 21, 1805, in his 73d year.— Ibid. 
pp. 340 and 428.— Editor.] 

272 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

Everard Faukner citizen arid grocer of London 10 December 1705. 
To my dear and loving wife P^lizabeth Faukener all my goods, household 
stuff, debts due to me, moneys, plate, Jewells, chattells and personal estate 
whatsoever to her own sole use and disposing. Also all my real estate, 
free and copy hold, messuages, lands, tenements and hereditaments what- 
soever and wheresoever the same are or is or shall be hereafter be, to have 
and to hold the same and every part thereof to her the said Elizabeth 
Faukner her heirs and assigns forever to her and their own use. 

All the rest, residue and remainder of my estate &c. I give, devise and 
bequeath the same to my said dear wife Elizabeth Fawkner and to her 
heirs, executors and assigns forever. And I do hereby declare, constitute 
nominate and appoint my said dear and loving wife Elizabeth Faukner 
sole Executrix &c. 

Then follow instructions for the widow, at her death to give certain sums 
to Everard Faukner, the son of " my brother " John Faukner and to all 
the other children of the said John, born or to be born, and provisions 
against any suit that may be brought against the widow in relation to the 

Proved in the P. C. C. 30 July, 1707, by the widow. 

Foley, 164. 

Elizabeth Fawkner of Epsom ais Ebisham in the County of Surry 
"Widow, 4 June, 6 th George, 1720. My body to be decently interred, at the 
discretion of my executors herein after named, with and by my late in- 
deared husband M r Everard ffawkner deceased. And inasmuch as he now 
lies crowded or liable so to be in the church of Epsom aforesaid my Will 
and mind is and I so hereby direct my executors to prepare and pro- 
vide with all convenient expedition after my decease a fit and proper 
vault in the church yard of Epsom aforesaid or some other fitting and con- 
venient place and thereunto to remove and lodge the "corps" of my said 
Husband together with my own. The management of which (together 
with my funeral) I leave unto my executors so as they lay out therein 
a sum not exceeding six hundred pounds &c. &c. 

I give, devise and bequeath all those my lands, tenements and heredita- 
ments, situate and lying in the town & parish of Epsom aforesaid, held by 
copy of Court Roll of the Manor of Epsom aforesaid and which 1 have sur- 
rendered to the use of my Will (except a small piece of Land or ground-par- 
cel of the premises) by me allotted and set out or agreed or intended to be 
allotted and appropriated for the erecting thereon a Meeting Place for 
Religions Worship) and also all other my Copyhold and Customary Pistate 
in England unto my nephew Thomas Bulkley now or late Factor at Fort 
S* George in the East Indies and the heirs of his body lawfully begotten 
or to be begotten, and for want of such issue I give and devise the same 
premises (except before excepted) unto Stanley West of London Gent, and 
the Reverend William Harris of London aforesaid Minister of the Gospel 
(my executors &c.) and their heirs upon Trust to make absolute sale there- 
of for such price as can be reasonably obtained for the same and to bring in 
and add all such money as shall arise thereby unto my personal estate to 
the end and intent the same may go with and be applied in like manner as 
the Surplus and Residuum of my Personal Estate is herein by me willed 
and appointed. 

Then follows a clause bequeathing the parcel of land before excepted 
for building a house for religious worship, &c. 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 273 

I give and bequeath all my share and interest (being One thousand 
pounds nominal stock) in the Capital Stock or Fund of the Bank of Eng- 
land and the growing dividends and profits thereof &c. unto my Executors 
&c. in trust to permit & suffer my cousin Edward Bulkley & his assigns to 
take and receive to his and their own use the Interest &c. of my said Stock 
for & during the term of his natural life, and from & after his decease to 
permit and suffer my cousin Sarah Bulkley, now wife of the said Edward 
Bulkley, & assigns, to take & receive to her & their use one moiety or 
equal half part of the Dividends &c. for & during the term of her natural 
life. And as to the same moiety from & after the decease of the said Sa- 
rah Bulkley, & the other moiety of my said Stock from & immediately after 
the decease of the said Edward Bulkley &c. &c. in trust for Elizabeth 
Bulkley daughter of the said Edward & Sarah Bulkley; but if she hnppen 
to die &c. before she shall attain her age of one & twenty years or day of 
marriage &c. then in trust &c. &c. for such person or persons who at the 
time of the decease of the said Elizabeth Bulkley shall be the heir at law 
of me the said Elizabeth Fawkner &c. &c. Provision made for allowing 
the said stock to be sold and the proceeds invested otherwise. 

I give unto the said Elizabeth Bulkley if and when she shall attain her 
age of one and twenty years or day of marriage the sum of five hundred 
pounds &c. &c. To my nephew Everard Fawkner four hundred pounds 
& to my three neices, his sisters, Sarah, Jane & Susanna three hundred 
pounds apiece, which said last mentioned sums make together the sum of 
one thousand & three hundred pounds and is the sum directed, intended or 
appointed them in and by the last will and testament of my said late hus- 
band &c. (with deductions for advances made in my life time). To each 
of them my said nephew & neices the Fawkners the further sum of three 
hundred pounds. To my cousin Mary Rotheram one hundred pounds. To 
my brother in law William Brudenall fifty pounds and to him and his wife 
forty pounds more for mourning. To the Lady Catherine Taylor one 
hundred pounds. To the Reverend M r Thomas Valentine of Epsom one 
hundred pounds and ten pounds more for mourning. To Mrs Reddall of 
Northtoushire twenty pounds. To M™ Martha Barrow one hundred 
pounds. To my cousin Ann Barrow daughter of my cousin Thomas Bar- 
row fifty pounds. To my said cousin Edward Bulkley and his wife and 
daughter and my said nephew & neices the Fawkners ten pounds apiece 

for mourning. To M r Barrow & M rs I^lizabeth Barrow ten pounds 

apiece for mourning and to the Bishop of Peterborough and his Lady ten 
pounds apiece for mourning. To the Reverend M r Woodford minister of 
Epsom ten pounds. To M r Anderson of the same place twenty pounds. 
To Mrs Drury five pounds, to whom I also remit four pounds of the debt 
she oweth me. To Jane Furness ten pounds. To my god daughter Eliz- 
abeth Ileskins twenty pounds and so will & appoint my Executors to pay 
unto or for the benefit of M rs Elizabeth Ileskins (wife of John Ileskins) 
the sum of ten pounds for her separate & peculiar use &c. To Izan Pa- 
trick ten pounds. To my maid Susanna Fletcher twenty pounds &c. &c. 
To John Stonestreet five pounds. For the Dissenting Congregation at 
Epsom one hundred pounds. One hundred pounds sterling to be distribut- 
ed among twenty dissenting preachers or teachers in the Country. 

Item I give and bequeath unto such the children or grandchildren of my 
uncles Edward Bulkley, Peter Bulkley and Gersham Bulkley late of New 
England as shall be living at the time of my decease the sum of five hun- 

vol. xlii. 25* 

274 Genealogical Gleanings in England, [July, 

dred pounds sterling &c. To his grace the Arch Bishop of Canterbury & 
his Lady twenty shillings apiece for rings. To M rs Hester Vicaridge fifty 
pounds. To Rachel Dent of Coleman Street ten pounds. To the Rever- 
end M r Joshua Bayes five pounds. To the Lady Ward & her four daugh- 
ters each a ring of twenty shillings value. To M" Royston & her two 
eldest daughters & M r Thomas Wooley & his wife & their two daughters 
each a ring of twenty shillings value and to M™ Elizabeth Diston M rs Ce- 
ney M rs Bridges and her nephew John Bridges & his sister twenty shillings 
apiece for rings. To my coachman George (certain bequests). My will 
is that my cousin Edward Bulkley & his said wife & daughter &c. do in- 
habit in my present dwelling house in Epsom until my said nephew Thomas 
Bulkley shall arrive in England or my executors have certain advices of 
his death. 

The rest and residue of goods, chattels & personal estate to my execu- 
tors in trust for my said nephew, if living at the time of my decease; if he 
be then dead then in trust for his child or children lawfully begotten &c. ; 
failing such, then in trust to pay to my said nephew and neices the Fawkners 
(then living) the sum of sixteen hundred pounds sterling in equal parts and 
shares; and upon further trust to pay unto such of the children of the said 
Hester Vicaridge (except that he is the chyrurgeon) as shall be then living 
the sum of fifty pounds apiece ; and upon further trust to pay unto such 
the child or children, grandchild or grandchildren of my said late uncles 
Edward, Peter and Gersham Bulkley as shall be then living one half part of 
the then remaining surplus of my said personal estate in such parts and pro- 
portions at such times and in such manner as my executors or the survivor 
of them or the executors or administrators of such survivor shall think fit. 
Other provisions for the rest of the legatees. M r Stanley West and M r 
"William Harris to be the executors, and to each of them two hundred 
pounds sterling. 

A codicil, of 4 June, 1720, provides for giving to Philip Papillon Esq. 
a ring of twenty shillings value, to M rs Elizabeth Papillon a five pounds 
broad piece of gold and to M rs Susanna Papillon my broad piece of gold in 
nature of a medal, to the Lady Wostenholme and her two daughters Eliz- 
abeth and Ann Allstone each a ring of twenty shillings value, to M" Ste- 
phens, M r8 Catherine Devinck, M r Christopher Todd and M" Cole and her 
daughter Hiller each a ring of twenty shillings value. 

M rs Elizabeth Fawkuer's Directions and Orders to M r Stanley West 
June 21 th 1720. 

Imprimis I order my household goods to remain unsold until my Nephew 
Bulkley comes home from India, or until my executors have News of his 
death. Item I appoint M r Page and M r Reynolds to be the undertakers of 
my funeral which I would have performed in a solemn and decent manner. 
I doubt not but my executors will wisely and carefully discharge that affair 
which I leave to their prudence and conduct. I appoint and desire S r W m 
Stewart, M r Ruth, M r Diston, M r Betts, M r Cresnor and M r Devinck to 

hold up my Pall. I give one hundred pounds to my cousin Edward 

Bulkley. I give ten pounds to poor families in Epsom in such proportions 
as my executors shall think fit to each family. I give to M r Sheldon Vi- 
caridge twenty pounds. I give to the Lady Ward, M rs Bridges and to M" 
Stephens a mourning ring to each of them set in "christall " and diamonds 
of each side of it about five or six pounds value. I give all the daughters 
©f the Lady Ward, Lady Napper, Lady Harrison, M rs Sabet Bridges, M™ 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England, 275 

Anne Rotheram, M" Curgaven, M" Cresnor, M r Churchill, M r Loeffs, D r 
Criston and his Lady, M rs Crittenden rings of twenty shillings value each. 

I order that all the rings I have given away both in my will and in this 
paper to the ladies and gentlewomen shall be with a " christall" glass, al- 
though the charges should exceed twenty shillings a ring. I give five 
pounds to M r Tongue the minister. I order that the six gentlemen who 
shall hold up my Pall may have rings of twenty shillings each, and also 
Belts, Hatbands and gloves of the best sort. I give the daughter of my 
cousin Edward Bulkley my pearl necklace my diamond ring, my set of 
lockets my chintz gown and petticoat with small flowers, my laced head- 
cloaths, six my new Holland shifts and also my Holland and Dimity which 
lies in Boxes unmade up and my " Marselles " and white damask petti- 
coats. I give to my cousin Edward Bulkleys wife my imbroidered gown 
and petticoat my new silk wrapping gown, my ten new callico shifts, my 
purple chintz, my dark coloured Norwich crape gown with a luitstring 
lineing, my best alamode hood and laced net. I give to my cousin Martha 
Barrow my best chints gown and petticoat lined with green. I give to my 
servant Susan my white Dimity gown and petticoat, my callico gown, my 
black silk gown and petticoat my six new callico shifts my under petticoats 
and all my headclothes except my best edgings and broad laced ones. I 
give my niece Sarah Fawkner my gold watch. I give my niece Jenny 
Fawkner one of my large silver salvers. I give my nephew Everard 
Fawkner one of my large silver salvers. I give my niece Susan Fawk- 
ner my middle size silver tankard. I give my two nieces Sarah and Jen- 
ny Fawkner my three pieces of chintz. I order that my blue satin petti- 
coat with gold and silver flowers and my buff coloured petticoat shall be 
kept and not disposed of. I order that the rest of my wearing apparel 
shall be distributed according to the will of my executors. I give to the 
Lady Ward my fine chintz counterpane unlined and not made up. I give 
to M r Stanley West my large china Punch bowl with a cover, my china sal- 
let dish my china mug and my fork and spoon with coral handles. I give 
to M r Valentine my silver Presenter and my great Bible and my silver 
mug. I order that my nephew Bulkley shall have what books he pleases 
for his own use out of my study and the remainder to be disposed of by 
my executors for some public place or library either in New England or 
where else they shall think most proper. But I give liberty to my exec- 
utors and M r Valentine to choose out any particular books for their own 
use. I give my said cousin Edward Bulkley my set of castors my pair of 
salvers and my silver cup with a cover and six silver spoons. June the 
21 8t these are my directions to Executors. Eliz: Fawkner. 

Then follow depositions made 2 July, 1720, by Sarah Fawkner and Jane 
Fawkner, spinsters, of the parish of S' Magnus the Martyr, London, con- 
cerning the foregoing Directions and Orders. The will and these two cod- 
icils were proved at London, 1 July, 1720. Shaller, 153. 

[In the will of John Bulkeley (Bulkeley Family, p. 64) he mentions wife Avis ; 
daughter Elizabeth, wife of Everard Fawkner ; sons Thomas and Edward ; sister 
Mrs. Eleanor Frye[Trye?]; brother and sister Vicaridge and their children ; late 
nephew Trye Vicaridge, his eldest son ; three brothers in New England, Edward, 
Gershom and Peter, if then living; sons of deceased brother Thomas if to be heard 
of and living; nephew Edward Bulkeley* herein England; nephew Thomas Trye, 
son of brother-in-law William Trye. Dated 1689. Executors, son Edward, wife 
Avis, daughter Elizabeth Fawkner. 

* Mentioned also in Elizabeth Fawkner's will as being in England in 1720 with wife 
Sarah and daughter Elizabeth. John Bulkley's nephew Edward, son of Gershom Bulk- 

276 Genealogical Gleanings in England. [July, 

This will of Elizabeth Fawkner throws some light upon a document which has 
been hitherto unexplained (Reg. xxv. 89), and of which the following is an ab- 
stract: " Whereas Mrs Elizabeth Fawkner of Epsom Surry did by her Last Will 
bequeath the sum of live hundred pounds Sterling to her Relations the fain i lyes of 
the Buckleys in New England know ye that I John Hancock of Lexington in y e 
county of Middlesex Clerk one of y e persons Interested in y e s d Legacy having re- 
ceived my proportion of y e afores d Legacy Do fully discharge," &c. &c. Dated 

The following is of course the clause referred to : " Item I give and bequeath 
unto such the children or grandchildren of my uncles Edward Bulkley Peter Bulk- 
ley and Gershom Bulkley late of New England as shall be living at the time of my 
decease the sum of five hundred pounds sterling." 

Now Rev. John Hancock of Lexington, born 1671, died 1752, was the son of 
Nathaniel (Nathaniel and Joan) Hancock ; and Mary (Henry and Joan) Prentice. 
As he was therefore neither the child nor the grandchild of a Bulkley, he must have 
received the legacy in right of his wife. He married about 1700 (eldest son John 
born June 1, 1702) Elizabeth Clarke (died 1760), daughter of Rev. Thomas (Jonas 

and Elizabeth) Clarke of Chelmsford ; and his wife Mary (died Dec. 2, 1700). 

As Elizabeth (Clarke) Hancock was not the daughter, she must have been the 
granddaughter and her mother the daughter of one of " my uncles" Edward, 
Peter or Gershom Bulkley. Before inquiring which of these could have been the 

father of Mary ( ) Clarke, it is necessary to fix approximately the date of her 

birth. She had several children, but the only dates of birth known are those of her 
sons in 1681 and 1694. As her daughter Lucy was married in 1700 and Elizabeth 
probably the same year, their mother could scarcely have been born later than 1660, 
and the probability is that the date was earlier ; perhaps not far from 1655. Pier 
husband, Rev. Thomas Clarke, born March 2, 1652-3, 11. C. 1670, served with the 
Narraganset army seven weeks before Oct. 17, 1676 (Sibley, II. 330) ; and made a 
return voyage from England in the summer of 1677. f Articles of Agreement with 
the church at Chelmsford were signed by " Thomas Clarke " on the " 5th of tho 
12 month, i.e. Feb. 5, 1677" (1677-8). He was ordained and probably married 
soon after, which again would give 1655 as a probable approximate date for the 
birth of his wife Mary. We have now to consider whose daughter she could have 
been ; and a process of elimination will bring us as nearly to a certain conclusion 
as we can come in the absence of actual records. 

Peter, the youngest son of Rev. Peter Bulkley of Concord (born in Concord 1643, 
died 1691, removed to Fairfield, Conn., with his mother about 1663). married and 
had children Gershom, Peter, Grace, Margaret and Dorothy. (Bulkeley Family, 
pp. 40, 83, 190. Mr. Sibley credits to this Peter 2 the history that undoubtedly be- 
longs to Hon. Peter, 3 son of Rev. Edward.) He could scarcely have been the father of 
Mary Clarke. Gershom, the next older son of Rev. Peter (born in Concord 1636, 
H. C. 1655, removed to Connecticut about 1661, died 1713), married October, 1659, 

ley (born 1672, died 1748 in Weathersfield, Conn.), married in 1702 Dorothy Prescott, and 
bad eleven children from 1703 to 1713; an Elizabeth in 1705. In Gershom's will, 1712, he 
mentions son Edward's " present wife Dorothee" and a clock " standing in his house." The 
only other " nephew Edward " that John Bulkley seems to have had, was his great-neph- 
ew Edward, 4 eldest son of Hon. Peter 3 (Rev. Edward, 51 Rev. Peter 1 ), who was born March 
18,1668-9, and of whom nothing further is recorded. His father, Hon. Peter Bulkley 
(Bulkeley Family, p. 40; lavage, I. 291-2; Sibley's Harv. Graduates, II. 68), was born in 
Concord, Jan. 3, 1640-1; H. C. 1660 ; was Assistant, Major, etc. ; and Oct. 30, 1676, sailed 
on a special mi-sion to England, from which he returned Dec. 23, 1679. It is not impossi- 
ble that he may have taken his son Edward to England with him and left him there. Hon. 
Peter Bulkley died March 25, 1688. Mr. Sibley made one of his rare mistakes in credit- 
ing his history to Peter, 2 the youngest son of Rev. Peter of Conpord. — e. f. wake. [A por- 
trait of Hon. Peter Bulkeley, said to have been painted by Sir Godfrey Kneller, and another 
paintins, the Bulkeley arms, were deposited with the New England Historic Genealogical 
Society in its early days, by its president Mr. Charles Ewer, in behalf of the owner of the 
paintings, Mr. Richard B. Hewes of Boston. In 1877 they were returned to the owner's 
widow, Mrs. Mary Hewes. Subsequently they were, for a year or two, deposited again 
with the society by Mrs. George D. Sargent of Boston, a granddaughter of Mrs. Hewes, 
who probably has them now. — Editor. 1 

f Savage (IV. 578) gives for the death of Francis Willoughby, Jr., which took place on 
this voyage, the date June 15, 1678; but this must be a mistake, since Mr. Clarke was in 
Chelmsford in February, 1677-8. In March, 1691-5, he says the voyage was " about seven- 
teen years a^o." May he not have gone to England with Hon. Peter Bulkley, Oct. 30, 
1676 ? (Reg. xxxi. 309.)— e, f. w. 

1888.] Genealogical Gleanings in England. 279 

S train gers. 
M r Rogers hath of M r Hubands v. quarters iiij. str. 

Hamnet Sadler summoned to answer Thomas Rogers, on money mat- 
ters, 39 Eliz. 

Thomas Rogers, gentleman, summoned to answer Thomas Bridges since 
by request of the said Thomas Rogers he sold to one William Rogers all 
his part of the collection of the County of Surrey for the sustenance of the 
poor inhabitants of Stratford by letters patent granted, &c, 38 Eliz. 

Richard Dixon alias Waterman summoned to answer Thomas Rogers 
senior respecting the purchase of some barley straw, 26 Eliz. 

Richard Dixon v. Thomas Rogers, the jurors' names and verdict in a 
suit respecting the rent of a house inhabited by Rogers. 

Thomas Rogers summoned to answer to the suit of Richard Dixon 
about the lease of a tenement, 37 Eliz. 

Richard Quiney summoned to answer Thomas Rogers concerning a loan 
of money, 38 Eliz. 

Thomas Rogers v. William Rogers, concerning a bill of obligation, 40 

Richard Dixon v. Thomas Rogers concerning the lease of a tenement to 
Charles Rogers son of defendant, 36 P^liz. 

Charles Rogers summoned to answer Richard Dixon alias Waterman 
for an assault, 43 Eliz. 

A bond of obligation by Abraham Sturley of Stratford yeoman, and 
Richard Quyney of the same, mercer, to Thomas Rogers of the same, wool- 
len-draper, and Henry Wilson of the same, fishmonger, in 40 h , 38 Eliz. 

A Court of Record was held 7 January, 38 Elizabeth, before Thomas 
Rogers bailiff. 

I found numerous references to other individuals of the name of Rogers. 
The earliest, I think, was a deed of John Clopton etc. to John Rogers and 
others, of one shop and a chamber built over it, in Middle Row. This was 
dated 13 Edward IV. There was a William Rogers on the Subsidy Roll 
34-5 Henry VIII. The church registers contain baptisms, burials, &c, 
of the families of Henry, William, Richard and John Rogers, all contem- 
porary with Thomas Rogers the bailiff. John Rogers was a clergyman, and 
seems to have succeeded (in 1610) Mr. Richard Bifield (grandfather of 
Nathaniel Bifield, of Boston) as vicar of Stratford. In 1619 a Mr. Tho- 
mas Wilson became vicar. The following are a few of the notes relating 
to this John Rogers, taken from the Stratford records. 

M r John Rogers, vicar, to have towards the building of a stable and 
woodhouse on his own backside thirty shillings. 3 November 1610. 

M r Rogers to deliver up possession of his house 15 October, 17 James I. 

A fit gown cloth given to M r John Rogers our Vicar in the hope that 
he will deserve the same hereafter and amend his former faults and failings, 
30 January 1614. 

In 1613 he was complained of for creating a nuisance by building a pig- 
stye just opposite the back court of New Place (Shakespeare's residence). 
He besought the corporation that they "would consent to the finishinge of 
that small plecke which I have begunne in the lane, the use whereof was 
noe other but to keepe a swine or two in, for about my howse there is noe 
place of convenience without so much annoyance; to the Cliappell, and how 
farre the breeding of such creatures is needefull to poore housekeepers I re- 
ferre myselfe to those 'that can equall my charge; moreover the highway 
will be wider and fayrer, as it may now appeare." 

280 Thomas Gilbert of Springfield. [ July, 

[From Hist, of New Place, by J. O. Halliwell (now Halliwell-Phil- 
lipps), Esq., London, 1864.] 

It is thought probable that he performed the service at the funeral of 

As to the occupation of Mr. Thomas Rogers, there may be found, in Mr. 
Halliwell Phillipps's " Outlines of the Life" of Shakespeare " (2d ed. 1882), 
page 207, "Illustrative Notes — "The concentration of several trades" the 
following : 

" Thus it is recorded that ' Thomas Rogers, now baieliefe of this towne ' 
(1595) * besydes his butchers trade, which until now of late hee allwaies 
used, hee ys a buyer and seller of corne for great somes, and withall useth 
grazinge and buyinge and selinge of catell, and hathe in howsehold xiiij 
persons.' " 

Notes from Feet of Fines. 

Int r Thomam Rogers quer et Henricu Mace deforc de duobs messuagiia 
& duobus gardinis cum ptin in Stretford sug Avon &c. 

Pasch. 23 Elizabeth (1581). 

Int Thomam Rogers genosum quer et Willm Rogers & Johannarn 
uxem eius & Elizabeth Rogers viduam deforc de uno mesuagio uno cur* 
tilagio & uno gardino cum gtin in Stretford sug Avon &c. 

Mich. 44-5 Elizabeth. 

Int Johem Wolmar quer et Thomam Rogers genosum & Aliciam uxem 
eius deforc de uno mesuagio uno curtilagio & uno gardino cum ptin in 
Stratford sug Avon &c. Mich. 2 James I. (1604). 


By the Rev. J. H. Temple, of Framingham, Mass. 

IN his Memoir of the Gilbert Family, published in the Register, VoL 
iv. No. 3, J. Wingate Thornton, P^sq., states a few faets concerning 
Thomas Gilbert and wife Catherine of Springfield, and ventures a conjec- 
ture as to the Thomas Gilbert who married Abilene Marshfield. 

In Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, Vol. II. p. 252, this last named 
Thomas is made son of Thomas of Springfield ; but the wife is omitted, and 
only a part of the children are named. 

Recent investigation by the writer establishes the following facts : 

1. Thomas Gilbert of Windsor received a grant of land in Springfield, 
Jan. 30, 1655, and another grant in Enfield, Feb. 12, 1660. He settled at 
Springfield; was admitted freeman 1656; selectman 1660; died June 5, 
1662. He married July 31, 1655, Catherine Bliss, widow of Nathaniel 
and daughter of Samuel Chapin; she married Dec. 28, 1664, Samuel 
MarshfieTd. Children : 

i. Sarah, b. 1650; m. Samuel Field of Hatfield. 

ii. John, b. 1657 ; a soldier in K. Philip's war, and a captive. 

2. iii. Thomas r b. 1659. 

3. iv. Henry, b. 1661. 

J 1888.] Thomas Gilbert of Springfield. 281 

2. Thomas 2 Gilbert (Thomas 1 ) took the oath of allegiance at Spring- 
field, 1678 ; was a wild youth, as is shown by the fact that he was " pre- 
sented" by the jury, Sept. 26, 1G82, "for hunting at Qaubauge on y e 
Lord's Day, with Toby y c Indian of Mr. Samuel MarshHeld's." August 19, 
| 1688, he was sent by Col. Pynchon as a soldier to Qaubaug; and Sept. 21 
was sent again to help build a fort there. He removed to Brookfield in 
the spring of 1691, and in September was appointed constable. He took 
j an active part in furthering the settlement of the place, and his name 
; appears on numerous petitions to the General Court. He returned with his 
i young family to Springfield in 1696 or 7, and died May 14, 1698. He 
j married (1) Aug. 15, 1680, Abilene Marshfield, daughter of Samuel, who 

1 bore him two children; married (2) Anna , by whom he had four 

children. The records of the Probate Court show that his brother Henry 
Gilbert and Samuel Bliss, 2d, were appointed guardians of the two sons by 
wife Abilene ; and that the personal estate, which was small, was given to 
widow Anna, to bring up her four little ones. Children : 


Thomas, b. 1681. 











3. Henry* Gilbert ( Thomas 1 ) took the oath of allegiance at Spring- 
field, 1678, and settled there. In September, 1688, he was sent by Col. 
Pynchon to Brookfield in command of a party " to scout out and make a 
fortification there." They built what is known to history as the " Gilbert 
Fort," which served as a defence of the inhabitants in subsequent Indian 
Wars. He removed to Brookfield in the spring of 1691, 'and located adja- 
cent to the Fort. There is no doubt that he (as well as his brother) re- 
ceived an allotment of land as an inducement to settle, which he continued 
to hold, and which by subsequent grants was added to, so that in all he re- 
ceived no less than 681 acres. He was prominent in civil affairs, and dea- 
con of the church ; died Aug. 17, 1740. He married (1) Elizabeth , 

died April 27, 1735 ; (2) Dec. 24, 1735, widow Mary Wheat. Children 
(the three eldest born in Springfield): 

i. Henry, b. 168 1 ; lived in the northwest part of Brookfield, which was 

annexed to Ware River parish in 1735. 
ii. Jouv, b. 1686; lived in Brookfield; deacon; in. (1) Abial Ilayward ; 

(2) Elizabeth . 

iii. Samusl, b. 1688; in. Lydia Barns. 

iv. Mbrcy, b. 1601 ; m. (1) Samuel Barns; (2) Thomas Gilbert, Esq. (her 

cousin J ; (3) Josiah Converse, Esq. 
v. Ebknszer, b. lf)'.)3 ; m. Deborah ; was annexed to Ware River par- 
ish in 173."). 
vi. THOMAS, b. 1695 ; lived near Wekabau^ pond in West Brookfield ; was 

known in the records as " Thomas Ji\" ; received grants of 210 acres 

of land ; i i. Dec. 2, 1718, Judith Gobs. 
vii. Elizabeth. 
viii. Nathaniel, b. 1700; received grants of 231 acres of land in Brookfield; 

in. Hannah Jones, daughter of Samuel of Ame>bury, Mass. 

4. Thomas 3 Gilbert (7'hon/.'/.s, 2 Thonuur*) was a minor when his father 
died, and his uncle Henry was appointed his guardian and probably brought 

him at once to Brookfield. lie was a youth of great energy of character! 
and appears to have taken possession of his father's " claim/' and kept 
bachelor's hall for so ne years, as k * his house then standing " is referred 
VOL. XLII. 26 

282 Church at East Fairleigh — Dolor Davis, [July> 

to in a land grant made Nov. 14, 1701, three years before his marriage. In 
the allotment of Brookfield lands to settlers, he received in all 484 acres. 
He also held a right in the Springfield Outward Commons " left me by my 
father Thomas Gilbert." In some respects he was the leading man in 
Brookfield civil affairs ; justice of the peace ; captain of the militia ; town 
treasurer; town clerk from 1718 to the day of his death, May 22, 1753. 
He married (1) Martha Barns, daughter of Thomas, died Nov. 18, 1740; 
(2) May 27, 1741, Mercy Barns, widow of Samuel and daughter of Dea. 
Henry Gilbert. Children : 

i. Jonathan, b. March 2, 1704; d. 1717. 

ii, David, b. Feb 19, 1706; m. Hannah . 

iii. Bathsheba, h. Feb. 5, 1708; m. Moses Abbott. 

iv. Mary, b. March 8, 1710; m. John Goss. 

v. Uriah, b. xMarch I, 1712; ra. Elizabeth Old. 

vi. Martha, b. Feb. 27, 1714 ; m. Abner Brown. 

vii. Josiah, b. Feb. 17, 1717 ; ra. Mary Goss. 

viii. Jonathan, b. May 20, 1719 ; m. Abigail Old. 

ix. Thomas, b. Nov. 18, 1721 ; d. young. 

x. Thomas, b. March 1, 1723 ; was known in the records as " Thomas 3 d ;" 
held his father's homestead ; captain of militia ; much in civil office, 
and prominent in the church; d. Feb. 19, 1788. He m. (I) Sarah 
Gilbert, d. Oct. 31, 1756 ; (2) Dec. 29, 1758, Patience Brown, d. Jan. 
11, 1763; (3) Autr. 3, 1763, Jemima Cutler. 

ix. Eunice, b. Oct. 12, 1725; d. Dec. 7, 1741. 

xii. Lois, b. Nov. 30, 1728 ; m. Joseph Perry. 

xiii. Dinah, b. Oct. 12, 1732 ; d. Oct. 18, 1751. 



I^HE Hon. Horace Davis, of San Francisco, Cal., has furnished for the- 
Register a photo-electrotype of the church at East Fairleigh, Kent, 
where his emigrant ancestor, Dolor Davis, was married, and has written 
for us the following account of a visit to the church. 

Mr. Dean — 

You will remember it was stated in the Register of 1882 
(p. 320,) that the original record of Dolor Davis's marriage to Mar- 
gery Willard had been found in the parish register of East Fairleigh, 
near Maidstone, county Kent, England, by the parish clerk. I 
had always wanted to inspect that record and satisfy myself of its 
genuineness, and in 1884 that wish was granted. One lovely day 
in the middle of July I started for Maidstone with my brother Judge 
Bancroft Davis and his wife. That town itself is queer and quaint 
enough to justify a visit, but there is no time to describe it here. At 
Maidstone we took a conveyance for East Fairleigh, distant about 
two miles. It may be reached by rail direct, but the hours of those 
trains were less convenient to us. The village , if there is any, is 
not near the church ; there being at that point orly the church, the 
school-house, a public house, and a few dwellings strung along the 
road at long intervals. The road winds about the base of a gently 

1888.] Church at East Fairhigh — Dolor Davis. 


eloping liill at a short distance from the Medway River, in the midst 
of what is one of the loveliest parts of England, and when we were 
there the brilliant green of hill and meadow diversified by orchards, 
hedges and hop-fields, with here and there a cottage nestled among 
the trees, formed a scene unsurpassed for quiet beauty. 


The church stands in the middle of a burial ground, at an angle 
of the road, the chancel being nearest the road, while the tower and 
front entrance of the church are at the farther end. It is a venera- 
ble gray stone structure, low and broad and not very large. The 
tower at the front end is the oldest part of the building, and is a 
plain square Norman tower, surmounted by a low Norman square 
spire. The door and windows in the tower have been altered over 
into pointed arches, but the opening from it into the church still re 
tains the round Norman arch with the characteristic zi^-zng carvings. 
The curate told us that the tower was erected in 1067 ; it could not 
have been later. I was unable to learn when the rest of the church 
was built, but it was undoubtedly some hundreds of years old when 

Dolor Davis and Margery Willard stood before its altar. There is 


a porch on the south side which I thought seemed later than the 
rest. I enclose you a photograph of the church taken from the angle 
of th" road. The conspicuous object in front is a monument to 
forty "hoppers" (hop-gatherers) who were slain by the cholera some 
twenty years ago. Hop raising is the great agricultural industry of 
Kent, and when hop gathering comes it employs all the resident 
population and a multitude of strangers besides. Such were the 
unfortunate victims of cholera whose death is commemorated by 
this monument. 

284 Church at East Fairlelgh — Dolor Davis, [July, 

After inspecting the outside of the church we tried to gain access 
to the interior. Adjoining it stands a fine new stone school-house, 
and the school-master politely unlocked the door for us with a key 
as huge as that which loads down St. Peter in the Cartoon. 

Inside the main church is very wide and roomy. There is a 
little nave separated from two narrow aisles by a row of octagonal pillars 
on each side. In the nave were low backed seats, while the aisles 
contained high box pews ; and on the south side near the side en- 
trance stood a plain baptismal font. At the east end of the nave a 
small choir continued its length, containing the altar. On the south 
of this was 'a tiny chapel with a "squint" hole for the use of any 
person who wanted to join in the service without being seen ; these 
were common in the old abbey churches, being used by monks who 
were prevented by leprosy or other contamination from openly ming- 
ling with other people. The curate afterwards said that this had been 
the church of an Abbey which once stood on the ground, but which 
has almost entirely disappeared, the church being all that is left ex- 
cept a few crumbling walls in a neighboring orchard ; but I could 
find no confirmation of his statement. In the choir opposite the 
"squint," was a mural decoration, a round decorated arch which had 
apparently once contained a mural tablet. This, the curate said, 
had held a monument to the memory of the founder of the church. 

After inspecting the inside of the building we inquired after the 
old Record, but the school-master was unable to gratify our curiosity. 
We applied in turn to the rector, the curate, the principal vestry- 
man, but all were absent ; we drove two miles to find the clerk, but 
he had no key. At last our perseverance was rewarded by the 
return of the curate, Rev. E. Ball, from his parochial duties, and 
we found him very courteous and obliging, delighted to see visitors 
from so far away. He went at once with us to the Church, and in 
a little study to the north of the tower he produced a large tin box 
containing the precious document. "What year did you say?" 
"1624" I replied: "Why that must be the very oldest," as he 
turned over the volumes containing the register of the Parish since 
1585, and produced " the very oldest." It was bound in flexible 
parchment, yellow with age, and the page was about the size of a 
large foolscap sheet ; the writing was generally clear and distinct, 
though it was in the peculiar cramped hand of that day, and accom- 
panied by the many contractions so familiar to antiquarians. We 
turned eagerly to 1624, and there, near the top of the left hand page, 
clearly and distinctly written on parchment, stood the register, 

Dolor Davis and Margerve Wilerd were maryed 
ye 29 th day of Marche 1624 

lined exactly as above. I ran down the register to 1635, thinking 
I might find the baptism of some of his children, but there were 
none. I then searched back for his own baptism, but in vain. The 



1888.] Soldiers in King Philips War. 285 

only record I saw of a Davis was the following : " John Davis and 
Margret Brenchly wer maried ye 12 Ul day of July 1630." 

Of the genuineness of this volume and of these entries there can 
be no possible doubt, and I entertain none whatever that we here 
have the actual record of Dolor Davis's marriage. You will notice, 
too, that while his name is spelt in every conceivable way by other 
people, he always wrote it "Dolor," and this earliest mention of the 
man confirms that spelling. 

The absence of the baptismal records of the family from the 
registers proves, as far as negative evidence can, that his home was 
not in East Fairleigh. I suppose that Margery Willard, who was 
qorn in 1G02, at Horsemonden, about ten miles from East Fairleigh, 
on the death of her father and step-mother in 1617, went to live with 
some relative, perhaps a married sister or aunt, at East Fairleigh, 
being then 15 years old. There Davis met her, and in 1624 
married her, she being 22 years old at her marriage, and they 
moved to his home, which was most likely in the near neighborhood. 

I think there is a strong probability that a careful search of the 
Parish Registers of that part of Kent would reveal the baptisms of 
their children, and perhaps of Dolor Davis himself. 

Horace Davis. 


Communicated by the Rev. George M. Bodge, A.M., of East Boston, Mass. 

[Continued from page 197.] 

No. XXII. 

Major Richard Walderne and his Men. 

IT is not known how much influence the captive Indians, who 
escaped from Dover, exercised on the Kennebec Indians in the re- 
newal of hostilities, but it is certain that "Simon" was at the head 
of those who struck the first blow at Casco (now Portland, Me.), 
in which attack the Brackets and others to the number of thirty- 
four were killed or captured. And this party immediately after 
joined those who had surprised Arrowsick and the settlements ad- 
joining ; and subsequent events showed that both parties were acting 
in conjunction. 

These hostilities were renewed August 11th, 1070, a little more 
than a month after the treaty at CocheCO, which had included all the 
tribes as far as the Kennebec. None of the tribes whose representa- 
tives signed that treaty were implicated in these attacks upon Casco 
and Arrowsick, and therefore considered themselves upon a peace 
footing; so that, when at the beginning of September some four 
hundred of these, the meirof the tribes, came in to Major Walderne's 
vol. xlii. 26* 

286 Soldiers in King Philip's War, [July, 

at Dover, under the leadership of Warmalancet, it was, perhaps, to 
prove themselves not engaged in the hostilities at the Eastward, since 
they were present now with the Pennacooks and the others who 
had kept the peace since the winter before. It was known, how- 
ever, to the General Court that many of the Indians of the south 
and west who had been engaged with Philip formerly, had now 
found a retreat with these peaceful tribes. It is not probable that 
Wannalancet and his chiefs understood the treaty to impose upon 
them the duty of investigating the previous career of those Indians 
who might wish to join themselves to his tribe, nor to have con- 
sidered themselves responsible for hostile acts done at Narraganset 
or on the Connecticut River. But the authorities determined upon 
the immediate suppression of these Eastern Indians, and sent Capts. 
Sill and Hathorne, as related in a previous chapter, with two com- 
panies and full commission to n kill and destroy " all hostile Indians 
wherever found. These companies, as above related, came to Dover 
in September, and there found the great gathering of Indians at 
Major Walderne's house. I have not found anywhere any attempt 
at an explanation of the presence of so many Indians at Dover, 
other than that which has been intimated above. It was known to 
all the Indians that the English had made overtures to the Mohawks 
to make war upon the Eastern and other hostile Indians. The 
Mohawks were regarded by all the Indians of the New England colo- 
nies with a dread which was almost insane ; there seems to have 
been no thought of resistance to these dreaded foes. Many tribes 
and remnants of tribes began to sue for terms of peace ; and a 
general proclamation was issued about this time in answer : 

That treacherous Persons who began the War and those that have been 
barbourously bloody must not expect to have their lives spared ; but others 
that have been drawn into the War, and acting only as Souldiers, submit- 
ting to be without Arms, and to live quietly and peaceably for the Future, 
shall have their Lives spared. 

A contemporary writer of a pamphlet (written in Boston and pub- 
lished in London, 1676), who signs himself "R. H." (perhaps 
Richard Hutchinson), and gives a "True Account of the most con- 
siderable occurrences " in the war, from May 5th to August 4th, 
1676, publishes the above decree of the Council, and evidently con- 
founds the treaty of July 3d with the affair of September 7th ; as 
he says, that "upon the 10th day of July there were about 300 
Indians at the Eastward, that surrendered themselves to the English 
and their sachems with them." He mentions Wannalancet and 
Squando, and says the dread of the Mohawks drove them in. He 
says nothing of a " sham-fight," nor of a capture. Mr. Hubbard 
is silent as to the "sham-fight"; but says that the Indians, "hoping 
to shrowd themselves under the Wings of some honester Indians 
about Quechecho, under Pretence of a Declaration set out by the 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 287 

Governonr and Council of the Massachusetts in July last" ; and in this 
mention relates that our forces under Capts. Hathorne and Sill, with 
the help of Major Walderne and Capt. Frost, and others residing in 
those parts " being then in Readiness," separated the vile and 
wicked from the rest and sent them down to the Governour at 
Boston. And in the other mention, in the account of the war with 
these Eastern Indians, he says that these officers mentioned above 
mutually agreed to seize upon all those Indians that were gathered 
" about Major Waldern's Dwelling in Quechecho," and that "the 
contrivement succeeded." 

Lacking proof contrary, it would seem that the Indians were 
gathered, through the influence of Major Walderne and Wanna- 
lancet, to accept the terms of the General Court's proclamation of 
amnesty. The forcible capture of four hundred Indians even by 
the stratagem of a sham-fight seems highly improbable ; and it is 
far likelier that the surrender was full and entirely peaceful, while 
the separation of the bad from the good was made after all were 
quietly surrounded by the English, possibly under the pretence of a 
"training." Mr. Belknap, the eminent historian of New Hamp- 
shire, many years minister at Dover, gives some detail of the sham- 
fight, and says that Major Walderne planned this method to secure 
the " bad " Indians without bloodshed. The Indians were set on 
one side the field and the English on the other, and after con- 
siderable manoeuvring, the Indians were induced to fire the first 
volley, after which the four companies of Walderne, Sill, Hathorne, 
Frost, and probably Capt. Hunting's company of friendly Indians, 
surrounded and disarmed them. Whatever the method, it is certain 
that the Indians captured on September 6th, to the number of some 
two hundred, were sent down to Boston in vessels. September 
10th a letter was sent by Major Walderne, Nicholas Shapleigh and 
Thomas Daniel, containing some explanations in regard to the pris- 
oners and the charges against certain of them. The following is 
the letter : 

Dover, 10 th Septemb r 1676 
Much Hon d 

The Ind n9 being now on board & Comeing towards you Wee y t have 
been Soe far Improv'd about y m Thought it Convenient to Inform how ffar 
they have kept the Pease made with us & who of those are Concerned 
therein viz 4 Penicooks Wonolansets Waymesits & Piscataq Ind M there be- 
ing not any belonging further Eastw d come in nor any other of those 
belonging to y e South Side of Mirimack ever Included iu our Pease; those 
°f y m y* had made y e Pease comeing in to Comply w th y t the others 
to get Shelter under y m hut y* they should be all treated alike as here 
they were wee humbly Conceived no Reason wee not being able to Charge 
those that had made y e Pease w th any breach of Articles Save only y* of 
entertaining our Southern Enemies but by y fc meanes wee came to Surprise 
Soe many of y m There are Several of Piscataq Ind ns here who before 
y e Pease had been very Active Against us but since have lived quietly 

288 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [July, 

& Attended Order but yo r Pleasures being to have all sent down to deter- 
mine their Case at Boston, hath been Attended keeping here about 10 young 
men of y rn to Serve in y e Army with their families & Some old men and 
theirs with Wonolansets Relations. Yesterday came in 2 Sqnawes inform- 
ing y* one eyed Jn° & Jethro were designing y e Surprizing of Canonicus 
& bringing in desireing Some of our old Men to come to Advise with him 
about it. I forthwith sent out there to further y e design. Wee have inform- 
ation from Jewels Island y* the former newes is not Soe bad being not 
above 10 in all killed and wounded being unexpectedly surprised If y r be 
Any obstruction in y e ffurther Prosecution of y c enemy now by y e Army, 
our People will quickly desert their Country, Shall Add no more at P r sent 
but Remain in much Hon r Yo r Humble Serv nts 

Richard Waldern 
Nic: Shapleigh 
Mass. Archives, Vol. 30, p. 218. Tho: Daniel 

This letter shows that orders had come from the Council for all 
the Indians taken to be sent to Boston. There is no doubt that 
very many of those sent down considered themselves, and were 
considered by the above committee, as having accepted and fulfilled 
the terms of peace agreed upon in the treaty with Major Walderne 
the winter before. The Pennacooks and the Wameslts were the only 
tribes mentioned as included in the treaty, south of the Merrimack. 
It is evident that some of the " Praying " Indians were sent down 
also, as we find Mr. Eliot and Major Gookin at once advocating 
their cause and the claims of those who had accepted the terms of 
the treaty, and supposed it covered and condoned past offences. 

A good view of the condition of affairs at this Eastern part, where 
the war was now being waged, is gained from this letter from the 
chief citizens of "Northfolk and Yorkshire" Counties. 

Portsm : 19: 8 br : 1676 
Much Hon rd 

Being upon occasion of y e Alarms lately rec d fro y e Enemy mett to- 
geth r at Portsm thought meet to give yo r Hon rs our sense of Matt rs in y 9 
p* of y e Country in y e best Mann 1 y* upon y c place in y e p r sent Hurry we 
are able to get. How things are now at Wells & York wee know not, but 
p r sume yo r selves will be informed ere y s comes to yo r hand p ye Post sent 
fro: y e Comand r in cheefe w ch (as wee understand) went thro, y 9 Towne y s 
Morning. Only thus m ch we have learnt y l y e Enemy is Numerous & 
about those p ts , having carried all clear before him so far as Wells. That 
hee is pceeding towards us & so on toward yo r Selves y e Enemy intimates 
& y e thing itself speaks. What is meet to be now don is w th yo r selves to 
say rather than for us to suggest, however being so deeply and nextly con- 
cerned humbly crave leave to offer to Consider 11 whether y e securing 
of what is left bee not o r next Work rather than y e Attempting to regain 
what is lost unless there were strength enough to doe both. It seemes 
little available to endeavor ought in y e More Eastern places y* are already 
conquered unless there bee several Garrisons made & kept with provision & 
Amunition & what may be suitable for a Recruit upon all Occasions, w ch 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 289 

to do (at least y 8 Winter) cannot say y* y e profit will make amends for y e 
charge. Sure wee are y*o r 8elvea (y*is y e County of Northfolk with Dover 
& Portsin ) are so far from being capeable of Spareing any fforcea for y* 
Expedition v l we find o r selves so thinned and weakened by those y l are out 
already y 1 there is nothing but y 6 singular Providence of God hath prevent- 
ed our being utterly run down. The Enemy observes o r motions & knows 
o r strength (weaknes rather) bett r y n wee are willing hee should & pba- 
bly had been with us ere this had not y e Highest Power overruled him. 
And that Haver-hill, Extt r , &c. are in like P'dicam* w th Dover, &c. seems 
apparent. & hence as uncapeable of spareing Men. In true [s*c] there is 
an Army out in Yorkshire w ch will doubtle 8 doe what may be done, yet 
there is room enough for y e Enemy to slipp by them unobserved & if so 
what a Condition we are in is evident. Our own men are not enough to 
maintain o r own places if any Assault be made & yet many of o rs are now 
on the other side of the Pascataq 1 River. Wee expect an Onsett in one 
place or other every day, & can expect no Reliefe fro those that are so far fro 
home. If it should bee thought meet y 1 all y e Men y 1 are come to us & other 
parts of y" Jurisdiction from y e deserted & conquered Eastern Country 
should be ordered to y e Places y 4 are left on theyr own side of y c River, y* 
so o" may be recalled to theyr severall towns, it might possibly bee not 
unavailable to ye Ends ; Especially if w th all some Indians might be order- 
ed to these parts to bee upon a perpetual 1 scout fro place to place. We de- 
sign not a lessening or discouragm 1 of y e Army who rather need strength- 
ening & Incouragm*, for we verily think y* if by y e Good Hand of Provi- 
dence y e Army had not been there all y e Parts on y e other side of y c 
River had been possest by the Enemy & perhaps o r selves too ere y 8 Time. 
But what we aim at is that o r selves also may be put into Capacity to de- 
fend o r .selves. Wee are apt to fear we have been too bold with your Hon- 
ors, but wee are sure our Intentions are good, & o r Condition very bad 
except y e Lord of Hosts appear for us speedily, & wee would be found in 
y e Use of Meanes, commending o r case to him y l is able to protect us and 
direct yo r selves iu order thereunto, & remain 

M ch Hon d Yo r Humble Serv t9 

Rob 1 Pike, Richard Walderne, 

Richard Martyn, John Cutt, 
AV in Vaughan, Tiio: Daniel. 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 09, p. 71. 

A reference in Major Gookin's History of the "Praying Indians 91 
proves the intimation in the following letter, that a second company 
of Indians was sent down, including those who came 4 in after the 
army bad passed to the Eastward, and also that Major Walderne 
himself went to Boston to assist In the "disposal," and sold some of 
them ; and probably Wannalancet and his men, and the Wamesits, 
went with the Major, by the requirement of the General Court* 
Major Gookin complains that some of bis most trusted praying 
Indians, and especially Sara Numphow, with difficulty cleared them- 
selves from the accusations of English who bad been captives and 
swore against them, when, he says, it is not easy to identity Indians 
under even the most favorable conditions. 

290 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [July, 

Maj r Gookin, Cochecha, 2. 9 ber 1676 

Hon rd Sr. 

I rec d yo™ of 25 th 8 ber concerning Some Ind ns vv ch you Say it is Alledged 
I promised life & liberty to; time gmits mee not at rj r sent to inlarge but 
for Answer in Short yo u may Please to know I Promised neither Peter 
Jethro nor any other of y* comp a life or liberty it not being in my Power 
to doe it; all y* I promised was to Peter Jethro viz* that if he would use 
his Endeavo 1 " & be Instrumental ffor y e bringing in one eyed Jn° &c. I 
would acquaint y e Gov r n r w th w* service he had done & Improve my 
Interest in his behalfe this I Acquainted y e Hon rd Council w th if it had been 
their Pleasures to have Saved more of y m it would not have troubled mee, 
as to y e Squaw* you Mention belonging to one of Capt. Hunting's Souldiers, 
there was Such a one left of y e first Great Comp a of Ind M l Bt [sent] down 
w ch Capt. Hunting desired might Stay here til himselfe & her husband 
Came back from Eastw d w ch I consented to & how she came among y* 
comp a I know not I requiring none to goe y n to Boston but those that came 
in after y e Armies departure neither Knew I a word of it at Boston w n I 
disposed of y m soe twas her own fault in not Acquainting mee with it but 
if Said Squaw be not sent of I shall be freely willing to reimburse those 
Gen 1 w* they gave mee for her y* she may be sett at liberty being wholy 
inocent as to w* Pine charged w th I intend ere Iontj to be at Boston w n I 
doubt not but shall give you full satisfaction thereabout. 

I am S r yo r Humble Serv" Hiciiard Waldern. 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 30, p. 22G. 

There is no doubt that the general voice of the colony highly ap- 
plauded the action of Major Walderne, and gave him the credit of 
the capture, while Major Gookin questioned the method sharply. 

The following list of credits is all that appears in Hull's Treasury 
accounts ; and these men were those who served under him person- 
ally, the others being credited under their respective captains, and 
those after August 24th placed in a later Journal now lost. 

Credited under Major "Walderne. 

January 25 1675 John Line 03 06 00 

Lawrence Clinton 02 15 08 Samuel Stan wood 02 02 00 

James Ford 02 15 00 Nathaniel Bray 02 02 00 

William Delamore 02 02 00 George Cross 02 02 00 

Richard Jones 02 02 00 Joseph Pillsbery 01 12 06 

Thomas Baker 02 02 00 March 24 th 1675-6 

John Smith 02 02 00 Daniel Tenney 01 19 04 

Edward Fuller 02 02 00 April 24 th 1676 

February 29, 1675 Richard Freind 01 12 06 

Thomas Rowlinson 02 02 00 June 24 th 1676 

Joseph Fowler 03 12 00 Mark Hascall 02 14 00 

Henry Ducker 03 12 00 August 24 th 1676 

Jeremiah Neale 01 13 09 Edmund Henfield 01 12 06 

* The Indian woman referred to in Major Walderne's letter was Mary Nemarit, wife of 
John, who h:id been in the army with the English under Capt. Hunting during the sum- 
mer, and now comes armed with a letter from Major Go kin and demands his wife and 
child, who were in Boston Prison, and had been bought by Messrs. Tho: Deaneand James 
Whetcomb. Nov. 23d, 1676, the Council gives order to the prison -keeper to deliver the 
woman and child to her husband. See Mass. Archives, Vol. 30, p. 228, 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 291 

The Winter Expedition of Major Walderne to the 


In following the career of Major Walderne, it will be necessary 
to pass over a detailed account of affairs at the Eastward, in which, 
however, he bore no small part, being magistrate as well as military 
commander of this quarter of the colony. All the Eastern settle- 
ments were broken up, and the people who were neither killed nor 
made captive fled to the Westward towns for safety. Desolation 
lay over all, from Pemaquid as far as Wells. Capt. Hathorne's 
forces availed but little except to keep the Indians from any general 
gathering and organized attack. Small parties of the enemy were 
scattered along the frontiers, ready to fall upon any exposed settle- 
ment. The alarms, attacks and useless pursuits were many ; till at 
last, about the middle of October, the celebrated " Mog," or 
" Mugg," came in to Major Walderne and announced himself as 
empowered to negotiate peace with the English on behalf of "Ma- 
dockawando and Cheberrina, Sachems of Penobscot." Mo^ came 
to Boston under safe conduct from the governor, and between Nov. 
6th and 13th a treaty was concluded between the colony and the 
Eastward Indians, not including the " Ammoscoi^ins " and " Pe- 
quakets." During this time Capt. Hathorne, upon information re- 
ceived of Mog, marched his troops up to Ossipee, expecting to find 
there a large body of Indians and English captives, but found 
nothing but the empty fort, which they burnt, and returned to Ber- 
wick on November 9th. Upon the issue of the treaty the Council 
sent vessels to the Penobscot with Mog, held as voluntary hostage, 
to act as agent and interpreter. Madockawando was found and con- 
firmed the treaty made with Mog, and delivered the few prisoners 
which he held. Mog himself was permitted to go up into the woods 
to another plantation to persuade other Indians to join in the treaty, 
and to bring in some captives which they held ; but not returning, 
they supposed he was either killed or detained as prisoner by the 
Indians, as he told them when he left them might be the result. 
They waited more than a week, and then came home, arriving at 
Boston December 25th, 1676. Nothing more was heard of the 
captives at the Eastward or of Mog until January 5th, when one 
Francis Card, a captive, escaped, and made his way to Blackpoint 
and thence to Boston, where he made an interesting statement of 
the condition of things at the Eastward ; told the story of his escape, 
stated the location and strength of the enemy, putting their entire 
fighting force at not above one hundred and fifty fighting men ; he 
described the country and explained the best places to land a force, 
and urged that an expedition be sent at once before they removed 
higher up the river. The details of all the matters referred to above 
are to be given in another chapter. The statement made by Card, 
and especially his implication of Mog as a " Kogue " who came 

292 8oldiers in King Philip's War* [J u ty» 

back among the Indians, and laughed at the English and their 
" kinde Entertainment," and saying he had found a way to burn 
Boston, seems to have renewed the determination of the Council to 
send an expedition immediately to attempt the recovery of their forts 
and the captive English. Other things also moved them, such as 
the discovery that the Narraganset Indians were abroad in these 
Eastward parts, three being captured by Major Walderne's Indians 
in the woods near Dover ; and when several of the chief men about 
Portsmouth, &c, came to Boston advising the expedition, it was 
determined, and Major Walderne was made commander in chief. 

The expedition consisted of two companies of sixty men from 
Boston and Salem ; the first, sixty Natick Indians under Capt. 
Samuel Hunting ; the second, sixtv men under Lieut. Thomas 
Fiske of Wenham, whose commission for this service is preserved 
in the Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 69, p. 106, and is dated Feb- 
ruary 5th, 1676. These sailed from Salem the first week in Feb- 
ruary, directly to Blackpoint, where Major Walderne met them 
with the forces raised by him and Capt. Frost in their parts. The 
Council gave Major Walderne instruction and commission as fol- 
lows : 

Instructions for Major Rich. Walderne. 

You shal repaire to Blacke point w th the 60 souldiers under capt. frost 
that you are authorized by y e Council to raise in Dover Portsmouth & 
yorkshire by y e 8 of feb r where you are to take under your command the 
other forces from Boston & Salem under the command of Capt. Hunting 
& Leiftenant Fiske & other sea officers, from whence w th all expedition 
w th the advice of your commanders you shall advance towards the enemy 
at Kinnebeck or elsewhere, & according to the proposed designe, endea- 
vour w th all silence & secresy to surprize them in their quarters wherein if 
it please God to succeed you, you shall do your utmost endeavour to save 
and secure the English prisoners. If you fail in this designe you shall 
assay by alle means in your power to disturb & destroy the enemy unless 
you have such overtures from them as may give some competent assurance 
that an honorable and safe peace may be concluded with them wherein you 
must avoyd all trifling & delayes & w th all possible speed make despatch of 
the affaire not trusting them without first delivery of all the Captives & ves- 
sels in their hands. If you should in conclusion find it necessary to leave 
a garrison in Kinnebeck, wee must leave it to your discretion. You shall 
use utmost expedition as winds & other advantages will permit lest y e sea- 
son be lost and charges seem without profitt. 

Fraying God to be with you E. R. S. 

24 Janu^ 1676 
Mass. Archives, Vol. 69, p. 101. 

The commission of Major Walderne : 

J. L. G. W th the Consent of the Council. 
To Major Richard Walden. 

whereas you are apoynted Cor-in-chief of the forces Now to be raised ag* 
the enemy the pagans in the East for the assaulting them at Kinnebeck f 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 293 

we have ordered the rendevous of the S d forces at Black point the 8 feb r 
next doe hereby order & authorize you to take under your Command and 
conduct the 8 d forces w ch you are to require to obey & attend your orders 
& Commands as their Commander-in-chiefe & you to leade conduct & order 
the S d forces for the best service of the country against the Common ene- 
my whom you are to endeavour to surprize kill & destroy by all means 
in your power & al Com'd rs , Officers & soulders under you are required to 
yeild obedience to endeavour to recover the English prisoners from out of 
their possession, you are also to govern the forces under your Command 
according to the laws enacted by the Gener a11 C* to attend all such orders 
& commands as you shall receive from time to time from the general Court 
Councill or other Superior authority. 

Given in Boston 29 jan, 167G. Past E. R. S. 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 69, p. 101. 

A journal account of this expedition was kept by Major Wal- 
derne, which Mr. Hubbard published in his History, from the ori- 
ginal copy. Only an abstract can find place here. 

On February 17th Major AValderne, with his whole command, 
sailed from Blackpoint for "Portland." On the east side of Cape 
Elizabeth one of their scouts, John Pain (former keeper of the 
Major's Pennacook truck-house probably) appeared and reported 
the way clear of ice and Indians. They sailed across to " Mary 
Point" (Mare-point), arriving late at night. On the 18th the scouts 
found a birch canoe and the tracks of three Indians at " Muckquet " 
(Maquoit). Just as the companies were drawn up for the march, 
five canoes of Indians landed on an island opposite (probably Birch 
Island) and signalled for a parley; John Pain was sent, and they 
promised to bring the captives in the morning. Pain returned to 
the Indians, and fr Simon," one of their leaders, came as a hostage 
in his place, who being questioned by the Major, declared that 
" Blind Will " stirred up late trouble ; that they desired peace ; that 
Squando was over at the island and would return the captives to 
Major Walderne. Squando was summoned, and replied that he 
would meet the Major if he would come half way alone in a canoe. 
Major Walderne refused, and the Indian promised to come in the 
morning. On the 19th they appeared in fourteen canoes. They 
landed upon a point where there was a house which was set on fire, 
and their scouts seemed to challenge our men to light, upon which 
our troops marched against them as secretly as possible, when they 
fled, but Capt. Frost came upon their main body and had a sharp 
skirmish, killing and wounding several without any loss to his own. 
But anxious for the captives, the Major immediately hung out a flag 
of truce, which was immediately answered with one by them. John 
Pain and " Simon " therefore met and had an explanation half 
way between the lines. The house was fired accidentally, and their 
Scouts did not mean to challenge ours, but hailed them according to 

VOL. XLII. 27 

294 Soldiers in King Philips War, [J u ty> 

their custom ; said the captives were a great way off and had not 
yet arrived, but promised them next day. On the 20th they were 
weather-bound. On the 21st they sailed for Arrowsick. On the 
22d they sailed up the river till stopped by the ice, and then landed 
their forces about twelve miles from Abbigadassit Fort, at which they 
arrived after a six-hours' march, and found the fort empty. On the 
23d, at a council-of-war, it was decided that Major Walderne should 
sail with some part of his forces for the Penobscot, while the 
rest should remain and build a garrison. On the 24th the Major 
located a site opposite the lower end of Arrowsick Island, " at John 
Baker's house." Sunday, February 25th, they rested at this place. 
On the 26th Major Walderne with sixty men in two vessels sailed 
for Penobscot River. On the way two Indians signalled them from 
a canoe oif " Gyobscot Point," and John Pain and Walt. Gendal 
were sent to speak with them, and were told that many Indians and 
some English captives were at Pemaquid. The whole force imme- 
diately set sail and came to that place about four o'clock that same 
day, and were immediately hailed by Indians from "Mr. Gardner's 
Fort." John Pain was sent ashore to them and found the chief 
sagamore Mattahando with other sachems and " sundry sorts of 
Indians." The chief wished to speak with Capt. Davis, and was 
very desirous of peace, promising to- deliver the captives then at 
Penobscot, next morning. Capt. Davis with John Pain went 
ashore and stayed, while three sagamores went aboard to talk with 
Major Walderne, who soon after went ashore with six men un- 
armed, and was promised that the captives should be delivered next 
morning. On the 27th, after a long negotiation and a ransom of 
twelve skins to each captive, they delivered William Chadburne, 
John Whinnick (Winnock) and John Wormwood, these being all 
they would own that they had, or that it could be proved that they 
had. Some of the old sagamores seemed to be sincere, and declared 
that they were against the war, but could not rule their young men. 
Our officers, however, had little confidence in them, and in council 
decided to get all the captives and then to try to surprise their whole 
company. In pursuance of this design the Major with five others 
went ashore bearing a part of the ransom and carefully providing 
against surprise. While looking about to discover if the Indians 
were as wisely provided against Christian treachery as they against 
heathen treachery, he found a lance-head partly concealed under a 
board, seizing which he immediately advanced upon the Indians, 
charging them with treachery, swung his cap above his head as a 
signal to his men to come ashore, as was agreed, while those who 
were with the Major immediately rallied about to defend him from 
the Indians who advanced to seize him, and also to secure the goods 
which he had brought ashore. Some squaws seized a bundle of 
muskets that were hidden close by and fled with them. Capt. Frost 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 295 

and Lieut. Nutter captured Megunnaway, "a notorious rogue," and 
carried him on board their vessel. As soon as the English ^ot n 
shore they pursued the Indians to their canoes so closely that they 
were able to kill seven before they reached their boats, and as many 
more probably afterwards. Four were taken prisoners, of whom 
one was the sister of Madockawando. The old chief Mattahando 
was among the killed. Not more than twenty-five warriors were 
present in this engagement. The English secured a large amount of 
plunder, about a thousand pounds of dried beef with the rest. Me- 
gunnaway was next day executed by shooting, it being declared by 
witnesses that he was concerned in the killing of Thomas Bracket at 
Falmouth. On February 28th they sailed back to Kennebeck, 
where Lieut. Fiske with a party of forty men secured some forty bush- 
els of wheat, several cannon, some anchors, and a great quantity of 
boards from Arrowsick, a part of which they loaded upon their ves- 
sels. They killed two Indians upon Arrowsick Island, where they 
discovered the body of the lamented Capt. Lake, which was won- 
derfully preserved. This was brought home to Boston, where they 
arrived March 11th, 1676-7. 

This expedition was the closing active military service of Major 
Walderne, although he still retained his office as Major, and was 
constantly concerned as such, and held his place as magistrate and 
leading citizen during his life. In the spring of 1678 this war 
with the Indians closed. Major Walderne, however, became in- 
volved in the strife of the factions that claimed the government of 
New Hampshire, and his life thus continued in turbulence, even to 
its tragic close, the manner of which requires here some notice. 

For about eleven years there had been peace with the Indians. 
The Pennacooks had long ago returned, and Kankamagus (called 
by the English "John Hogkins," said to be son of Passaconaway's 
eldest son Nanamocomuck and so Wanalancet's nephew) had by 
his energy and wisdom restored them to something of their former 
prosperity. But this chief was somewhat impatient under the con- 
stant unjust encroachments and wrongs of the English, and their 
constant threats that they would bring the Mohawks upon them, and 
at last, involved in some new occasion of complaint, he fled to his 
relatives among the Androscoggins some time in the year 1686, 
where, finding some others with like wrongs and resentments, he 
became a nucleus of discontent. There were many also scattered 
among the Eastern tribes who had been captured at Dover In 1676 
and sold into slavery, and had made their way back to find their 
tribes scattered, their families broken up and lost. To many of 
these nothing was left but hate and vengeance upon the English, 
and especially against the one man whom they believed responsible 
for the transaction ; the man was Major Walderne. Other causes 
were doubtless at work at the Eastward by the designs of the 

296 Soldiers in King Philip's War. [July, 

French and the Jesuit missionaries in the zeal for their religion ; 
but the resentment seems to have centred upon Cocheco and Major 
Walderne. In June, 1689, the people began to be aware of large 
numbers of strange Indians among those who came in to trade, and 
many did not seem to come for that purpose, but were observed 
carefully scrutinizing the defences and approaches. The people be- 
came alarmed, and one after another many came and urged Major 
Walderne to take some precautions of defence. He, however, would 
not hearken, laughed at their fears, and told them to "go and plant 
their pumpkins," and he would tell them when the Indians should 
attack them. There were many old friends of the Major and of the 
English of Dover among the neighboring Indians, and some of these 
tried to warn them of their danger. A squaw came through the 
town, and here and there significantly recited the words which have 
been handed down in the rhyme, 

O Major Waldron, you great sagamore 
What will you do, Indians at your door. 

Capt. Thomas Henchman of Chelmsford also was apprized of the 
plot against Dover, and sent down a letter of warning to the Coun- 
cil at Boston, as follows : 

Hon d Sir 

This day 2 Indians came from Pennacook, viz. Job Maramasqnand 
and Peter Muckamug, who report y* damage will undoubtedly he done 
within a few days at Piscataqua, and y* Major Waldorn, in particular, is 
threatened ; and Intimates fears y* mischief quickly will be done at Dun- 
stable. The Indians can give a more particular account to your honor. 
They say iff damage be done, the blame shall not be on them, having given 
a faithful account of what they hear ; and are upon that report moved to 
leave y r habitation and corn at Pennacook. S r , I was verry loth to trou- 
ble you and to expose myself to the Censure and derision of some of the 
confident people, that ware pleased to make sport of what I sent down by 
Capt. Tom. I am constrained from a sense of my duty and from love of 
my countrymen to give the acct. as above. So with my humble service to 
your Honor, and prayers for the safety of an Indangered people. 

I am, S r , your humble servant Tho: Hinchman. 

June 22 [1689] 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 107, p. 139. 

This letter was received by Mr. Danforth, and on the 27th laid 
before Gov. Bradstreet and the Council, and a messenger was sent 
to Dover the same day with this warning to Major Walderne : 

Boston: 27. : June: 1689 
Honor d Sir 

The Governor and Councill haveing this (\&y received a Letter from 
Major Henchman of Chelmsford, that some Indians are come unto them, 

1888.] Soldiers in King Philip's War. 297 

who report that there is a gathering of some Indians in or ahout Pene- 
cooke with designe of mischiefe to the English, amongst the said Indians is 
one Hawkins [Ilogkins or Kankamagus] is said to be a principle designer, 
and that they have a particular designe against yourself e and Mr. Peter 
Coffin which the Councill thought it necessary presently to dispatch Advice 
thereof to give you notice that you take care of yo r own Safeguard, they in- 
tending endeavour to to betray you on a pretention of Trade. Please forth- 
with to Signify import hereof to Mr. Coffin and others as you shall think 
necessarv, and Advise of what Information you may receive at any time of 
the Indians motions. By Order in Councill, 

Isa: Addington, Sec'y. 

For Major Rich d Walden and Mr. Peter Coffin 
or either of them at Cocheca with all 
possible [haste] 

Mass. Archives, Vol. 107, p. 144. 

The messengers made all possible speed for Dover, but were de- 
tained at the Ferry at Newbury, and did not arrive until June 28th, 
the dav after the blow had fallen. On the evening of the 27th two 
squaws applied at each of the garrison houses for permission to sleep 
inside, as was often done, and two were admitted into each of the 
garrisons, Walderne's, Heard's and Otis's, and were shown how to 
unfasten the gates if they wished to go away during the night. 
There was a report of a great number of Indians coming to trade 
next day, and the sachem Wesandowit, who had taken supper at 
the Major's, asked him pointedly, " Brother Waldron, what would 
you do if the strange Indians should come?" "I could assemble a 
hundred men by lifting up my finger," replied the Major in careless 
indifference. And thus all retired to rest ; no watch was placed and 
no precautions taken. 

After midnight the gates were opened by the squaws. The In- 
dians waiting outside rushed in and took possession without any 
alarm and rushed into the Major's rooms. Aroused from sleep, the 
old man sprang up, seized his sword, and despite his eighty years, 
drove them before him through several rooms, but turning to secure 
other arms, they sprang upon him from behind and struck him down 
with a hatchet; they bound him into his arm-chair and placed him 
upon a hung table ; they mocked him, and asked, "Who shall judge 
Indians now?" Thy compelled the family of the Major to prepare 
them supper, after which they drew their knives, and slashing the 
helpless old man across the breast, saying " I cross out my ac- 
count." They then cut off his ears and nose and forced them into 
his mouth, till at last, when fainting with the loss of blood he was 
about to fall, one of them held his sword beneath him, upon which 
falling he expired. 

The following letter was written by his son, who was then at 
Portsmouth, as is seen. 
vol. xlii. 27* 

298 Soldie7*s hi King Philip's War. [July, 

Portsm : 28 th : June 1689 ab* 8 a clock morning 

Just now came ashore here From Cocheca Jn° Ham & his wife who 
went hence last night homewo d (they living w th in a mile of Maj* 
Waldron) & ab* break of the day goeing up the river in a cannoo they 
heard guns fired but notw th standing proceeded to Land at Maj r Wal- 
drons landing place by w ch time it began to be light & then they Saw ab* 
twenty Ind ns near Mr. Coffins Garrison Shooting & Shouting as many more 
about Richard Otis's & Tho: Pains but Saw their way clear to Maj 1 * Wal- 
drons where they Intended Imediately to secure themselves but comeing 
to the gate & calling & knocking could receive noe answer yet saw a light 
in one of y e Chambers & one of y m say (looking through a crack of the 
gate) that he saw Sundry Ind ns w th in y e Garrison w ch suppose had mur- 
ther'd Maj r Waldron & his Familie & thereupon they betook y m selves to 
make an escape w ch they did & mett w th one of Otis sons who alsoe escaped 
from his Fathers garrison Informing y* his Father and y e rest of the Fam- 
ily were killed. Quickly after [they] set sundry houses afire this is all the 
Acc u wee have at p r sent w ch being given in a Surprize may admitt of some 
alteration but Doubtlesse the most of those Families at or ab l Cochecha 
are destroyed. 

The above Acc u was related to mee. Richard Waldron jun r . 

Mass. Archives, Hutchinson Papers, Vol. 3, p. 376. 

Thus tragically closed the eventful life of Major Richard Wal- 
derne, in the opinion of many the most notable of the early settlers 
of New Hampshire. 

Capt. John Cutler and his Men. 

Capt. John Cutler was the son of Robert, of Charlestown in 
1637, freeman 1638, and Rebecca his wife. John was probably 
born in England about 1628. He married first, Anna Woodman- 
sey, daughter of Robert and Anna. She died August 20, 1683, in 
her 57th year, and he married second, Mehitable Hilton,' October 
29, 1684. She died September 29, 1711, having survived the cap- 
tain, who died September 12th, 1694, in his 66th year. His child- 
ren, all by his first wife, were — John ; Timothy ; Sarah, born Octo- 
ber 20, 1655, married Eleazer Phillips 1695-6; Samuel, born 
March 6, 1658; Hannah, married Daniel Willard, 1683; Robert, 
born November 15, 1663; died in Barbadoes August 30, 1683; 
Rebecca, born November 5, 1666, married Josiah Bennett; Mary, 
born November 20, 1669, died 1703. 

Capt. Cutler was engaged during the war, on various occasions, 
in conducting supply trains to the garrisons, and at the time of 
Capt. Wadsworth's destruction at Sudbury, April 21, 1676, nar- 
rowly escaped being cut off with his company returning from Marl- 
borough. He was in command of a company under Capt. Hench- 
man the next month at Hassanamesit. 


Soldiers in King Philip's War, 



June 24 1676 
Zachariah Feres 
William Green 
John Wilson 
Joseph Pratt 
Daniel Edmunds 
John Watson 
Josiah Wood 
John Dows 
William Whiting 
Samuel Blancher 
Timothy Philips 
Giles Fifield 
John Fosdioke 
Samuel Peirce 
Samuel Cutler 
Joshuah als. Josiah Ben- 
Daniel Baldwin 
John Cutler, Leiut. 
Nathaniel Rand 
Matthew Griffin 
Samuel Frothingham 
Nathaniel Douse 
Thomas Rand 
George Polly 
Edward Wilson 
Josiah Smith 
James Smith 
John Smith 
William Clough 
Nathaniel Frothingham 
John Call (2 credits) 
Munning Sawiu 
Eleazer Beares 
Joseph Parker 
John Barrett 

July 24 1676 
John Begello 

U I IC Foul 

John Dickson 
Robert Robin 
Stephen Coolidg 
John Edes 
Phillip Russell 
Daniel Wai ren 
John Jones 
Nathaniel Kittle 
Samuel Gibson 

ted under Capt. John Cutler. 

Thomas Micheson 

00 09 04 Henry Philips 

00 12 00 Thomas White 

00 14 00 William Browne 

CO 15 04 Christopher Goodwin 

02 06 08 Zeckeriah Johnson 

00 14 00 Isaac Johnson 

01 07 04 Joseph Frost 

00 14 00 Samuel Hay ward 

01 07 04 John Martin 

00 12 10 Robert Carter 

01 14 10 James Nichols 
00 04 00 John Winslade 
00 12 10 William Larohy 

00 09 04 Jonathan Stimpson 

01 04 10 George Woodward 

Thomas Whitney 

William Goddard 

Samuel Prentice 

Joshuah F2dmands 

August 24 th 1 
Edward Smith 
John Lee 
Edward Goff 
Hugh Taylor 
Isaac Beech 
David Mead 






















John Dowmn 
John Whitney 
Nathaniel Fisk 
Ephraim Phillips 
William Rider 
Daniel Willard 
Christopher Muschin 
Samuel Cooper 
William Price 

September 23 d 
Aaron Cleaveland 
Thomas Hammond 
John Kemball 
John Stedman 
David Alexander 
Alexander Wait 

John Melvin 
Thomas Fiske 
Samuel Peirce 
John Brook 
John Walker 
Jonathan Smith 
















































































































































300 Hugh Hall to Benning Wentworth, [July, 


Communicated by the Hon. John Wentworth, LL.D., of Chicago, 111. 

London July 16 th 1717 
S r 

It is now again my good Fortune to be excluded the Stride of Colos- 
sus and no Longer to be in danger of Submarine Mountains, where y 6 
echo's of y e Ominous Pitteril Resound, & y e Corbosants are Capering most 
high before poor mortals tost from Pillow to Post, Cooing out their fearfull 
Apprehensions of an P^lementary Change. But not to sate you with au 
Allegorical Harangue or Squibs of Fancy, which are generally y e Cracking 
of a Supercilious Witt & the Amusements young Travellors Regale their 
Acquaintance with, to be deemed great Proficients in Politeness. 

To be plain then I am at length Dismissed the Confines of a Wooden 
World, & freed y e Fatigues y e Subjects of Neptune undergo ; by a sure foot- 
ing in that part of Terra firma commonly called London, & distinguished 
by most as y e Centre of Trade & Metropolis of y e Known World; but I 
think in stricter Propriety y e Christian Babel ; for Noise & Nonsense reign 
Alamode here, & the first Regular Step to Wisdom is to comence a 

Upon my first Arrival here, I addressed my Friends, who Caressed me 
in the most Affectionate Manner ; but to my great Surprise had scarce 
Dined or Supp'd with any of them, but out came an Harangue upon y e 
Whiggs or Tories, y e former Painting y e Latter with a Compound of Jew- 
ism, Mahometanism, & Infidelity, & just a Shade of Christianity ; the 
other as Charitably disposed as y e former, asserting they were hatch't by 
the Crafty Inventions of Lucifer, y e Pope & Daniel De Foe. Now you 
must observe the least Syntax is between y e Whigg and Tory Women, who 
without Rhime or Reason will Rail in y e highest Invectives, & tho' both 
are Ignorant of y e Principles of either Party (as I frequently have found) 
yet they will lash one another with y e Most Cutting Sarcasms till their 111 
nature is nigh exhausted, then turning upon their Heels & (neither of them 

Converted) wonder at the Incorrigible Obstinacy of each other. In 

these fiery Contests, I have often been Moderator, & to the best of my 
Judgement have always decided their Polemicks in y e highest Favour to both 
Parties, yet after all my Reasoning y e Whigg avers it morally Impossible 
for the other to Escape y e Chronicle of Rebells to all Succeeding Genera- 
tions ; and his Antagonist lays these two last years down as y e Epocha 
of y e Infidel World. 

Now, these Unhappy differences I have at last found are not so much 
from a Principle of Conscience as from their Distinctions in Drapery; for 
the Tailor's Choice of a Colour well approved of by those of his own Kid- 
ney, is sufficient to deem y e Person it is chosen for, not only a man of 
sound Sense and Distinction, but of true Religion. 

Another Remark I have made is that the Female Furies of both Parties 
have lately made great Proficiency in the two Liberal Sciences of Astron- 
omy and Geometry, & their Problems are exactly adapted to their Distinc- 
tions. The Tories of y e first Rank place their Patches in Parabolick, oth- 

1888.] Hugh Hall to Benning Wenticorth. 301 

ers Elliptick, and the Andorers of Ptolemy in Circular Orbs, & y e meaner 
sort offer at y e Constellations, which very appositely answers their char- 
acters of High Fivers. — The Whiggish or Low Church Ladies have such 
Profound Knowledge of Geometry that all y c Diagrams in Euclid are ex- 
actly delineated in their faces. & they can as easily describe an Octaedrum 
in a given Cube, or acquaint you the Proportion y e Cone has to y c Cylinder 
of y* Same Base & height, as to bisect a Right line or raise a Perpen- 

I intended now farther to Amuse you with Several very pleasant Obser- 
vations I have made on y e Town Beau's; then to have descanted on y e 
Customs & Constitutions of y e Any-thingarians of this Age; and after a 
Sketch of News to have closed all w 1 ' 1 a Generous Proposal for settling a 
good Correspondence with you in Merchantile affairs. But I shall waive all 
till you oblidge me with a Sceme of your Resolutions since I left y e Place, 
how at present your King and Parliament agree, & who of the Younkers 
of our Station stand fairest for Advancement ; which Favours are high 
Instances of that Friendship you all ways Expressed to 

Dear Sir 

Your most Devoted 

Humble Servant 

To M r Benning AVentworth H. Hall Jun r 

Merch 1 in Boston 

London, August 10 th , 1717. 
S r 

My First to you was Penn'd Immediately upon my Retirement, after 
having been Moderator to ten Thousand Furies, in two Female Monsters 
under y e Comon Appellations of Whigg & Tory; and seeming to be Placed 
in the Chair of a Comentator I thought by my Extempore flights of Fancy, 
I might Pretend to an equal Inspiration with my Neighbors, & so 
without an Imprimatur, Publish my Descants upon their Unreasonable- 
draw the Vail from of their Imperfections, and set these two Daugh- 
ters of Darkness in their propper light ; to y e End, they might see their 
own Deformities, Retract their Errors, & hiss those foolish Distinctions 
from \" Stage of Reason. 

The Introduction of my first, tho it may seem to have a Tincture of 
Bom baa try, I am Perswaded upon a Second Reading You'l find it was nei- 
ther Studied nor Affected ; but purely y ( ' Result of what we term an In- 
•tantaneous Thought. 

I ftbould now have further Regaled You. with some Remarks I have 
made upon those Locusts of time & Conversation y* Courtier, & Beau Es- 
prit, wli' 1. ential Constituents are Sparkling Drapery, Eternal Crin< 
*.v I ulimited Impertinences, Complicated with a Confidence to Blazon their 
great Proficiency in Vice Rampaut. Bui I shall divert this Theme, & pass 
Answer of the Favour I Perceive by my Father you lately 
Directed to me. 

1 Understand after your Friendly Congratulations Von (with some oth- 
ers) have made me a handsome Tender oi Your Correspondence in Barba- 
which Voluntary Offers (Tie Assure You) I Esteem y' highest Evi- 
dences of that Sincere Regard ye all Expressed for me; & tho I am her.. if 
present Establishing a happy Correspondency, yet I hope e're Christmas 

302 Hugh Hall to Benning Wentworth. [July, 

to be in Barbados, where If I meet y e Honour of Your Comands, shall 
demonstrate to You that there are none here in a better capacity to serve 
you than my self; and I am Resolved to Acquit my self with that Hon- 
our, Honesty & Integrity, as shall Merit y e highest Approbation from all 
such as it shall be my good Fortune to be Concerned with ; In the Inte- 
rim I am, Dear Sir, 

Your Sincere Friend, 

& Devoted Humb: Servt, 

To M r Benning Wentworth H. Hall, Jun r . 

Merch* in Boston 
J3 Walker 

Barbados, April 30, 1719. 

Dear Benning, 

I have lately been Indulged the Happiness of Your Hearty Congrat- 
ulations of my Arrival here, Attending our Joint Adventure of Francois 
Portable, which has the 111 Fortune of meeting the most wretchedly Dull 
and Capricious market since y e Settlement of this part of Terra Cognita, so 
that I could Wish y e Purchaser of y e Quantity You Mention, had left You